Learning Taxonomy – Simpson's Ps

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					Learning Taxonomy – Simpson’s Psychomotor Domain

Psychomotor learning is demonstrated by physical skills: coordination, dexterity, manipulation, grace, strength, speed; actions which
demonstrate the fine motor skills such as use of precision instruments or tools, or actions which evidence gross motor skills such as the
use of the body in dance or athletic performance

              Level and Definition                             Illustrative Verbs                               Example

Perception: The ability to use sensory cues to guide      chooses, describes, detects,        Listening to the sounds made by guitar
motor activity. This ranges from sensory stimulation,     differentiates, distinguishes,      strings before tuning them.
through cue selection, to translation.                    identifies, isolates, relates,      Recognizing sounds that indicate
                                                          selects, separates                  malfunctioning equipment.
                                                                                              Estimates where a ball will land after it is
                                                                                              thrown and then moving to the correct
                                                                                              Adjusts heat of stove to correct temperature
                                                                                              by smell and taste of food.
Set: Readiness to act. It includes mental, physical,      begins, displays, explains,         Knowing how to use a computer mouse.
and emotional sets. These three sets are dispositions     moves, proceeds, reacts,            Having instrument ready to play and
that predetermine a person's response to different        responds, snows, starts,            watching conductor at start of a musical
situations (sometimes called mindsets).                   volunteers                          performance.
                                                                                              Showing eagerness to assemble electronic
                                                                                              components to complete a task.
                                                                                              Knows and acts upon a sequence of steps in
                                                                                              a manufacturing process.
                                                                                              Recognize one's abilities and limitations.
Guided response: The early stages in learning a           assembles, builds, calibrates,      Using a torque wrench just after observing
complex skill that includes imitation and trial and       constructs, dismantles, displays,   an expert demonstrate a its use.
error. Adequacy of performance is achieved by             dissects, fastens, fixes, grinds,   Experimenting with various ways to measure
practicing.                                               heats, manipulates, measures,       a given volume of a volatile chemical.
                                                          mends, mixes, organizes,            Performs a mathematical equation as
                                                          sketches                            demonstrated.
                                                                                              Follows instructions to build a model.
Mechanism: This is the intermediate stage in              assembles, builds, calibrates,      Demonstrating the ability to correctly
learning a complex skill. Learned responses have          constructs, dismantles, displays,   execute a 60 degree banked turn in an
become habitual and the movements can be                  dissects, fastens, fixes, grinds,   aircraft 70 percent of the time.
performed with some confidence and proficiency.           heats, manipulates, measures,       Use a personal computer.
                                                          mends, mixes, organizes,            Repair a leaking faucet.
Complex or overt response: The skillful                   assembles, builds, calibrates,      Dismantling and re-assembling various
performance of motor acts that involve complex            constructs, dismantles, displays,   components of an automobile quickly with
movement patterns. Proficiency is indicated by a          dissects, fastens, fixes, grinds,   no errors.
quick, accurate, and highly coordinated performance,      heats, manipulates, measures,       Maneuvers a car into a tight parallel parking
requiring a minimum of energy. This category              mends, mixes, organizes,            spot.
includes performing without hesitation, and automatic     sketches                            Operates a computer quickly and accurately.
performance. For example, players often utter sounds                                          Displays competence while playing the
of satisfaction or expletives as soon as they hit a                                           piano.
tennis ball or throw a football, because they can tell
by the feel of the act what the result will produce.
Adaptation: Skills are well developed and the             adapts, alters, changes,            Using skills developed learning how to
individual can modify movement patterns to fit special    rearranges, reorganizes, revises,   operate an electric typewriter to operate a
requirements.                                             varies                              word processor.
                                                                                              Responds effectively to unexpected
                                                                                              Modifies instruction to meet the needs of the
                                                                                              Perform a task with a machine that it was
                                                                                              not originally intended to do.
Origination: Creating new movement patterns to fit        arranges, combines, composes,       Designing a more efficient way to perform
a particular situation or specific problem. Learning      constructs, creates, designs,       an assembly line task.
outcomes emphasize creativity based upon highly           originates                          Constructs a new theory.
developed skills.                                                                             Develops a new and comprehensive training
                                                                                              Creates a new gymnastic routine.

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