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PEBBLE HILLS UNIVERSITY PEBBLE HILLS UNIVERSITY Powered By Docstoc
					        PEBBLE HILLS UNIVERSITY
                            COURSE STRUCTURE & SYLLABUS

                            DIPLOMA ENGINEERING
                                   Automobile Engineering
                                             First Year

            Paper     Subject                                 Marks     Credits   Grade
            Code
            DF1       Communication Skills                        100      3        A
            DF2       Engineering Mathematics                     100      3        A
            DF3       Applied Physics                             100      3        A
            DF4       Applied Chemistry                           100      3        A
            DF5       Information Technology Applications         100      3        A
            DF6       Workshop Practice                           100      3        A

                                           Second Year

            Paper     Subject                                Marks      Credits   Grade
            Code
            DSA1      Applied Mechanics                       100         3        A
            DSA2      Electrical Technology                   100         3        A
            DSA3      Strength Of Materials                   100         3        A
            DSA4      Automobile Engines                      100         3        A
            DSA5      Automobile Manufacturing System         100         3        A
            DSA6      Thermal Engineering                     100         3        A

                                            Third Year

            Paper     Subject                                Marks      Credits   Grade
            Code
            DTA1      Fluid Power                                 100      3        A
            DTA2      Advanced Manufacturing Processes            100      3        A
            DTA3      Metrology and Quality Control               100      3        A
            DTA 4     Production Engineering                      100      3        A
            DTA 5     Instrumentation & Controls                  100      3        A
                      Advance Automobile Manufacturing            100      3        A
            DTA 6
                      System
            DTA PJ    Project                                     200      3        A

                                    http://www.pebblehills.edu/




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                          1
                                                 SYLLABUS

                                                  First Year
DF1 : COMMUNICATION SKILLS

   1.   THE COMMUNICATION EVENT
        The communication event : Definition., The elements of communication : The sender, receiver, message,
        channel, feedback and context.

   2.   COMMUNICATION PROCESS
        The communication process definition, Stages in the process : defining the context, knowing the audience
        designing the message, encoding , selecting proper channels, transmitting , receiving , decoding and giving
        feedback .

   3.   EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION
        Effective communication: definition, Communication Barriers and how to overcome them at each stage of
        communication process, Developing effect8ve messages : thinking about purpose, knowing the audience,
        structuring the message, selecting proper channels, minimizing barriers and facilitating feedback.

   4.   PRINCIPLES OF LANGUAGE GRAMMAR & USAGE
        The sentence elements: words, phrases, clauses., Phrase structure and clause structure , transformation of
        sentences, Constructing correct and effective sentences, Punctuation, Mechanics of writing.

   5.   PREPARING & WRITING
        Understanding the writing assignment : topic, purpose, audience, scope and constraints, Analyzing the
        context, Determining the scope of topic., Audience Analysis for entry behaviour, Collecting information for
        the assignment.

   6.   DESIGNING A MESSAGE OUTLINE
        Organizing ideas: Structural components of the text and supporting elements, determining the general and
        specific purpose, organizing principles, of the text.
        Outlining: Keyword and topic sentence outlines, writing target statements.

   7.   WRITING & REVIEWING
        Principles of presentation of text: Progressive differentiation,integrative reconciliation, sequential
        organization and consolidation, Procedures for writing texts with specific purposes: Writing topic :
        sentences, Writing introductions, definitions, describing objects, events. and procedures; classifying,
        comparison and contrast, cause I and effect, concluding; explaining concepts, principles and procedures,
        Reviewing for relevance, structure, unity, coherence, clarity, consistency, length and accuracy.


   8.   NON VERBAL CODES
        Nonverbal codes: Body language, chronemics and artifacts, Body language: Kinesics (eye-contact,
        gestures, postures, body movements and facial expressions), Proxemics (using space), Haptics (touch),
        Vocalics (aspects of speech like, tone, emphasis, volume pauses etc.) and Physical Appearance;
        (manipulating time); Artifacts (environment and objects), Using non-verbal codes in oral communication.

   9.   PRINCIPLES OF ORAL COMMUNICATION




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                 2
DF2 : ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

1. LOGARITHMS
Introduction; definition; Some Important Results; Laws of Logarithms; Types of Logarithms; Natural Logarithms ;
Common Logarithm ; Charateristic of log10 N; Relation between common and natural logarithms;

2. DETERMINANTS
Introduction; Definition of 2 x 2 Determinant; Value of 2 x 2 Order Determinant; 2 x 2 Determinant Equation ;
Definition of 3 x 3 Determinant; Determinant of Signs ; Details of Minors and Co-factors in a Third order
Determinant; Value of 3 x 3 Order Determinant ; 3 x 3 Order Determinant Equation ; Fundamental properties of
determinants with reference to 3 x 3 order determinant ; Solution of simultaneous equation using determinants (
Cramer’s Rule ) ; Consistency of Equations.

3. PARTIAL FUNCTIONS
Introduction.; Important steps regarding regarding partial fractions; Types of partial fractions.

4. BINOMIAL THEOREM
Factorial notation, permutation and combination ; Binomial Expression and theorem ; Binomial expansion (theorem)
[ For positive integer n]; Particular Cases of the Binomial Theorem; Binomial Expansion [ theorem] ; Pascal’s
Triangle for Binomial Coefficients; Middle term or terms in the expansion of ( x ± y)n ; Some relation between the
Binomial Co-efficient; Binomial Theorem for Fractional negative Indices ;Approximation.

5. TRIGNOMETRY
Trinometric ratios of any angle ; Powers of t-ratios ;Trignometric identities; Trignometric ratios for complementary
angles ; Signs of t-ratios; Trignometric ratios of some special and quadrant angles

6. T-RATIOS OF ALLIED, COMPOUND AND MULTIPLE ANGLES
Allied angles Definition; Compound Angles ; Addition Formulae; Subtraction Formulae ; Product Formulae ; T-
Ratios of Multiple And Submultiple Angles; Functions of 2A; Deduction ; Half Angle Formulae ; Functions of 3 A;
Functions of 2A in terms of tan A;
T- ratios of 18o , 36o , 54o , 72o ; Angles of A triangles.

7. INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
Definitions ; Principle value of Inverse Tri-Functions ; Properties of Inverse Trignometric Functions(without proof )

8. PROPERTIES AND SOLUTION OF A TRIANGLE
Introduction; Sine Rule ; Cosine Rule ; Projection Rule ( Second form of cosine rule) ; Tangent Rule (Napier’s Rule
) ; Half angle Formulae ; Area of A triangle ; Solution of a triangle ; Solution of Right- Angled Triangle ; Solution
of any Triangle ;

9. POINTS AND ITS CO-ORDINATES
Introduction; Rectangular Cartesian co-ordinates system ; Points ; Section formula and mid-point formula ; Centroid
of a triangle ; Bisecting conditions for a parallelogram ; Area of a triangle .

10. THE STRIGHT LINE
Introduction, Slope or Gradient of a line ; Equation of axes and lines parallels to axes ; Intercepts of a line on axes ;
Standard forms for the equation of a line ; General equation of line [ Ax+ By+C = 0 ]; Deduction of Ax + By +C =
0 in standard form ; Angles between two lines ; Three concurrent straight line ;

11. THE CIRCLE
Introduction ; Standard Equation of a circle ; Centre-Radius form of a circle; General form of a circle; Diameter
form of a circle ; Equation of a circle passing through three points A ( x1 , y1 ) , B( x2 , y2) and C( x3 , y3) ; Special



Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                        3
types of circles ; Lengths of Intercepts Made by a circle on coordinate axes ; To find the length of a Chord cut off by
a circle on the given line ; Equations of a Tangent and a normal at a point P ( x1 , y1) on the circle ; Condition for a
line to be tangent to a circle .

DF3 : APPLIED PHYSICS


1. REVISION
Introduction, Objectives, Mass, Time, Area, Volume , Density, Force, Current, Charge, Newton’s Laws Of Motion,
Laws Of Kinetics, Graph, Summary

2. PHYSICAL MEASUREMENTS
Introduction, objectives, fundamental physical quantities, derived phsical quantities, measurement of a physical
quantity, units of measurement, fundamental units, advantages of si system, errors and accuracy, measuring
instruments, Summary

3. ELECTROSTATIC
Introduction, Objectives, Coulomb’s Laws, Unit Charge, Electric Lines Of Forces, Electric Field, Intensity Of
Electric Field , Electric Flux, Gauss’s Theorem, Flux Density (D), Electric Field Around A Charged Sphere,
Summary

4. ELECTRIC POTENTIAL
Introduction, objectives, electric potential, potential at a point near a charge, potential difference , potential due to a
number of charges, potential gradient, potential due to charged sphere, Summary

5. CAPACITANCE
Introduciton, Objectives, Capacity, Units Of Capacity, Potential Energy Of A Charged Conductor, Principle Of A
Condenser Or Capacitor, Capacity Of A Condenser, Capacity Of Parallel Plate Condenser, Capacity Of An Isolated
Sphere, Energy Of A Charged Conductor, Condensers In Series, Condensers In Parallel, Types Of Condensers,
Ratio Of The Series Combination And Parallel Combination, Summary

6. PRINCIPLE OF ELECTRIC CIRCUIT
Introduction, objectives, ohm’s law, units of resistance, verification of ohm’s law, specific resistance of resistivity,
conductance, effect of temperature on resistance, electric circuit, series circuit, parallel circuit, series parallel circuit,
grouping of cells, platinum resistance thermometer, wheat-stone’s network, wheatstone’s meter bridge , principle of
podtentiometer, comparison of the e.m.f.s. Of two cells, internal resistance of a cell by potentiometer , shunt ,
summary

7. HEATING EFFECT OF ELECTRIC CURRENT
Introduction, Objectives, Joules Law Of Heating, Electric Power, Electric Energy, Determination Of ‘J’ By
Electrical Method, Calculation Of Electric Bills, Summary



8. THERMOELECTRICITY
Introduction, Objectives, Seebeck Effect, Thermo E.M.F, Thermo Couple, Peltier Effect, Summary

9. ELECTROMAGNETISM
Introduction, Objectives, Intensity Of Magnetic Field, Magnetic Flux Density (B), Biot-Savart’s Law Or Laplace’s
Law, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Moving Coil Glavanometer, Ammeter, Voltmeter, Summary

10. ELASTICITY
Introduction, Objectives, Elasticity, Deforming Force And Stress, Strain, Hooke’s Law, Elastic Limit,
Ultimate Tensile Stress, Determination Of ‘Y’ By Searle’s Method, Work Done In Stretching A Wire,
Application Of Elasticity (Use In Design Of Structures), Hooke’s Law, Young’s Modulus, Bulk Modulus,
Modulus Of Rigidity, Poisson’s Ratio, Equivalence Of Shear To Compression And Extension, Equivalence
Of Shearing Stress To A Compressive Stress And Tensile Stress, Relation Between Y, K, N And σ,


Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                            4
Determination Of Young’s Modulus, Summary

11. SURFACE TENSION
Introduction , Objectives, Surface Tension, Surface Energy And Surface Tension, Angle Of Contact, Pressure
Difference Across A Liquid Surface, Effect Of Temperature On Surface Tension, Illustrations To Demonstrate The
Surface Tension Phenomenon, Angle Of Contact, Capillary Action, Shape Of Liquid Surface In Contact With A
Solid, The Capillary Rise (Capillarity), Engineering Applications Of Surface Tension, Summary

12. VISCOSITY MARK PERIOD
Introduction, Objectives, Example Of Capillarity, Viscosity And Coefficient Of Viscosity, Streamline And
Turbulent Flow, Reynold’s Number, Poiseuille’s Equation For The Flow Of Liquid Through A Tube, Voloume Of
The Liquid Flowing Out, Stoke’s Law And Terminal Velocity, Determination Of ηBy Falling Sphere Method,
Newton’s Law Of Viscosity, Streamline Flow , Characteristics Of Streamline Flow, Critical Velocity And Reynold’s
Number, Stoke’s Law, Viscosity By Stokes Method , Applications Of Viscosity, Summary

13. GAS LAWS & SPECIFIC HEAT OF GAS
Introduction, Objectives , Concept Of Gas Pressure, Boyle’s Law, Gay Lussac’s Law, Charle’s Law, Absolute Or
Kelvin Scale Of Temperature, Gas Laws On Kelvin Scale Of Temperature, Derivation Of General Gas Equation,
Molar Constant Or Universal Gas Constant ‘R’, Universal Gas Equation, Standard Or Normal Temperature And
Pressure, Specific Heat Of Gas At Constant Pressure (Cp), Specific Heat Of Gas At Constant Volume (Cv), Ratio Of
The Two Specific Heats, Relation Between Cp And Cv, Explanation Fof Cp > Cv, Isothermal Change, Adiabatic
Change, Summary

14. CONDUCTION & EXPANSION OF GAS
Introduction , Objectives, Conduction Of Heat, Steady State, Temperature Gradient, Law Of Conductivity,
Determination Of ‘K’ By Searle’s Method, Lee’s Disc Method, Thermal Conductivity Of A Glass Tube, Coefficient
Of Expansion, Selection Of Materials Depending On Thermal Properties, Summary

15. PROPAGATION OF LIGHT
Introduction, Objectives, Fizeau's Rotating Wheel Method, Laws Of Refraction, Refraction Of Light Through A
Glass Prism, Prism Formula, Spectrometer, Determination Of Dispersive Power (ω) By Using Spectrometer, Fiber
Optic, Summary

16. PHOTOMETRY
Introduction, Objectives, Point Source Solid Angle, Laws Of Illumination, Illumination Falls Of As Cube Of Angle
Of Incidence, Summary

17. S. H. M. & Wave Motion
Introduction, Objectives, Simple Harmonic Motion, Frequency, Phase , Graphical Representation Of S.H.M.,
Characteristics Of S.H.M., Wave Motion, Types Of Wave Motion, Propagation Of Longitudinal Wave,
Characteristics Of Wave Motion, Definitions Of The Important Terms, Relation Between Frequency And
Wavelength, Equation Of A Plane Progressive Wave, Principle Of Superposition Of Waves, Superposition Of Two
Waves Of Same Frequency, Interference Of Waves, Newton’s Formula For The Velocity Of Sound, Laplace’s
Correction, Effect Of Temperature, Effect Of Humidity, Effect Of Wind, Free Vibrations And Resonance
(Introduction), Stationary Waves, Free Vibrations, Forced Vibrations, Resonance, Velocity Of Sound By Resonance
Tube , Summary

18. SOUND
Introduction, Objectives, Limits Of Audiability, Reflection Of Sound, Acoustics Of Buildings, Requirements Of
Best Sound Effects, Factors To Be Considered In Acoustics Of Buildings, Reverberation Time, Absorption
Coefficient, Sound Pollution And Its Prevention, Summary

19. PHOTOELECTRICITY
Introduction, Objectives, Planck’s Hypothesis (Planck’s Quantum Theory), Photoelectric Effect, The Photoelectric
Cell, Demonstration Of Photoelectric Effect, Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation, Work Function (Wo),
Characteristics Of Photoelectric Effect, X-Rays, Summary



Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                              5
DF4 : APPLIED CHEMISTRY
UNIT – 1
1 : ATOMIC STRUCTURE
1.1 Introduction of Atom
1.2 Fundamental Practicles of Atom-protons, neutrons, electrons,
1.3 Their mass, charge location
1.4 Definition of Atomic number, atomic' .lass, simple numerical problems based on atomic number and atomic
mass number,       Isotopes and Isobars definition, distinction and suitable examples
1.5 Bohr's theory of hydrogen atom.
1.6 Modem atomic structure
1.7 Orbits and orbitals, sub energy levels.
1.8 Quantum numbers and their significance.
1.9 Pauli's exclusion principle
1.10 Hunds rule
1.11 Filling of the Orbitals by Aufbau's principal
1.12 Concept of variable valency with examples of ous' & 'ic'
      compounds
1.13 Orbital electronic configuration of the atoms, having Z = 1 to 35 1.14 Nuclear stability
1.15 Mass defect and binding energy -numerical problems.

2: ELECTRONIC THEORY OF VALENCY
2.1 Duplet and Octet rule.
2.2 Electronic Configuration of inert and active elements.
2.3 Valance electrons and Valency of the Element.
2.4 Electro positive electro negative and inert nature of elements.
2.5 Electro valency and co-valency.
2.6 Formation of electro valent and covalent compounds such as NaCl, CaCl2, MgO, AlCl),
   FeCl2, FeCl3, CrCl3, CuO, CO2, CH4, NH3, C2H4 , O2HC == CH , N == N

3 : ELECTRO CHEMISTRY
3.1 Distinction between Atom and Ion.
3.2 Arrhenius theories of Ionization. Degree of Ionization, Strong and Weak electrolytes.
3.3 Electrochemical series for cations and anions.
3.4 Mechanism of electrolysis.
3.5 Electrolysis of CuSO4 solution using platinum electrodes, and copper electrodes.
3.6 Applications of electrolysis, such as electroplating & electro refining.
3.7 Faraday's laws of electrolysis and numerical problems based on these laws.
3.8 Conductivity of an electrolyte.
3.9 Solubility product and common ion effect
3.10 Specific conductivity

4: WATER
4.1 Sources of water & Impurities in natural water.
4.2 Physical and Chemical Characteristic of water.
4.3 Purification drinking water, Sedimentation, Coagulation, Filtration, Sterilization,
   (chlorination, Ozonization, ultra-violet rays, Boiling & Aeration),
4.4 Hard and soft water and causes of hardness.
4.5 Types of hardness, degree of hardness in ppm of CaCO3 Equivalent.
4.6 Effect of hard water in Domestic and Industrial application.
4.7 Effect of hard water n steam generation, boiler scales and sludges formation of water by
4.8 Lime - soda process, a) Permutite process b) Ion exchange method.
4.9 PH & POH ,value of water and its application in domestic & industrial purposes.



Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                              6
5 : MATERIAL
5.1 Occurrence of metals, definition of metallurgy, ore arid mineral gas of extraction of
    metal from it's ore.
     5.2.1 Concentration Methods a) Physical Methods like :
            i) Gravity separation, Magnetic Separation, Froth floatation
                 b) Chemical methods: Calcination ,Roasting
      5.2.2 Reduction & it's Methods
5.2.3 Refining & it's methods
5.3 Extraction of Iron in the form of Pig iron in blast furnace. Reactions in the blast Furnace,
5.4 Types of carbon steel, based on the percentage of carbon. Heat treatment to steel such as hardening, tempering,
annealing & normalizing.
5.5 Physical properties and applications of some commonly used metals such as - Fe, Cu, AI,Cr, Ni, Sn, Pb, Zn, Co,
Ag, W.
5.6 Chemical properties of metals and their compounds.

6 : ALLOYS
6.1 Definition of Alloys.
6.2 Purpose of making alloys.
6.3 Preparation of binary alloy by fusion method and compression method.
6.4 Classification of alloys such as ferrous and non- ferrous.
6.5 A. Alloy, steel and their Applications: effect of addition of C, Mn, V,W, Ni, Cr, Co, and Si. on steel
    B. Special alloy steels,
i) Heat resisting steel ii) Magnetic steel iii) Shock resisting Steel iv) Stainless steel v) Tool steel vi) High speed steel
(HSS)
6.6 Non - ferrous alloys.
       6.6.1 Copper alloys; Brasses and Bronze.
       6.6.2 Aluminium alloys, Duralumin, Alnico, Solders- wood's metal, Babit metal, Bearing
           Alloys.

UNIT-II
7 : CORROSION
7.1 Definition of corrosion.
7.2 Types of corrosion.
7.3 Atmospheric corrosion.
7.4 Mechanism of atmospheric corrosion.
7.5 Types of oxide films.
7.6 Factors affecting rate of atmospheric corrosion.
7.7 Electro - chemical corrosion.
7.8 Mechanism of electro-chemical corrosion.
7.9 Galvanic cell corrosion, concentration cell, Oxidation Concentration cell, Corrosion.
7.10 Factors affecting rate of electro - chemical corrosion.
7.11 Protection of metals from corrosion.
7.12 Processes of protection, cathodic protection, organic coating, Inorganic coating, and metallic coating.
7.13 Metallic coating - hot, Dipping - Galvanizing, Tinning, cementation, Sherardizing, metal- cladding, spraying.

8 : PAINTS & VARNISHES
8.1 Characteristic of good paint.
8.2 Principle constituents of paint, such as pigments, Vehicle, thinner,Drier, Extender,
    Plasticizer.
8.3 Methods of application of paint such as brushing, spraying, dipping, roller, coating.
8.4 Failure of paint film.
8.5 Causes and remedies.
8.6 Varnishes, their types and uses.
8.7 Characteristics of good varnishes.



Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                           7
 8.8 Introduction of Enamels

 9 : LUBRICANTS
 9.1 Definition of lubricant.
 9.2 Function of lubricants.
 9.3 Types of lubricants, solid, Semisolid, and liquid.
 9.4 Types of lubrication such as fluid film, boundary, and extreme pressure lubrication.
 9.5 Characteristics of lubricant, such as Viscosity, viscosity index, oiliness, volatility, flash & fire point, Cloud and
 pour point.
 9.6 Chemical properties such as neutralization value, emulsification.
 9.7 Selection of lubricant for a machine. Working under different conditions.

10 : FUELS
10.1 Definition of fuel.
10.2 Types of fuel.
10.3 Characteristics .of fuel such as calorific value, ignition temp, percentage .of non-
     combustible matter.
10.4 Characteristics .of geed fuel. Comparison between solid, liquid, gaseous fuels, based on their
     properties.
10.5 Solid fuels, coalification.
10.6 Analysis of coal. Proximate analysis and its importance
10.7 Importance of analysis of coal to decide .the quality of coal.
10.8 Liquid fuel - crude petroleum and its refining by fractional distillation. Alcohol and power
     alcohol.
10.9 Important products of petroleum and their applications.
10.10 Gaseous fuel - Introduction of bio- gas and petro- chemical gas (LPG), water gas and
      producer gas.
10.11 Comparison of solid liquid and gaseous fuel.

11 : NON-METALLIC MATERIALS
11.1 Plastics, Formation of plastics (polymer) by addition such as             polythene, polystyrene,PVC and Teflon and
ondensatien such as Nylon & Bakelite, Types .of plastics. Thermosoftening and Thermosetting. Compounding .of
plastics by fillers, plasticizers, accelerators, pigments .Properties .of plastics and their engineering applications.
11.2 Rubber:
           a) Types of rubber Natural & Synthetic rubber b) Limitations of natural rubber.
           c) Vulcanization of rubber. d) Properties and engineering applications of synthetic
          rubber.
11.3 Insulating Materials:
           a) Thermal insulating materials:
           b) Characteristics of good insulating materials.
11.4 Applications of glass -wool thermocole, asbestos.
11.5 Cement - Partland cement, chemical composition, setting & hardening. Lime - Fat lime, hydraulic lime,
composition and properties.

12 : POLLUTION & ITS CONTROL
12.1 Causes of pollution.
12.2 Air pollution and types of air pollution.
12.3 Air pollution due to gases such as sulphur dioxide, sulphur trioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon
dioxide.
12.4 Particulates.                                 .
12.5 Deforestation.
12.6 Air pollution due to IC engines.
12.7 Control of air Pollution
12.8 Water pollution, sources of water pollution.
12.9 Effects of water pollution.



 Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                            8
12.10 Methods of preventing water pollution.


 DF5 : INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION

 UNIT 1 : Computer Fundamentals
 1.1 Overview to Computer System
 1.2 Types of Computer
 1.3 Hardware and Software
 1.4 Types of Software
 1.5 Operating System: DOS and Windows 98/2000
 1.6 Application Software
 1.7 Representation of Data
 1.8 Components of a Computer-CPU, Memory
 1.9 Input and Output Devices-Keyboard, Mouse, Monitors, Printers Storage Devices-Types of Storage Devices,
 Magnetic Storage Devices, Optical Storage Devices
    (Students are expected to identify the components of computer and peripheral devices)

 UNIT 2 : Operating system WINDOWS 98/2000
 2.1 Starting WINDOWS
 2.2 Exploring the Desktop
 2.3 The Start Button         .
 2.4 Moving and Sizing Windows
 2.5 Arranging Windows
 2.6 Shortcuts
 2.7 Shutting Down Windows
 2.8 Windows Tools
 2.9 My Computer
 2.10 Windows Explorer
 2.11 Copying Files
 2.12 Using Send To
 2.13 Creating, Renaming ilnd Deleting Folders
 2.14 Copying, Deleting, Moving and Renaming Files
 2.15 Find Files and Folders
 2.16 Word Pad
 2.17 Opening and Saving File
 2.18 Editing Document and Formatting Text
 2.19 Previewing and Printing Document
 2.20 Recycle Bin
 2.21 Help

 UNIT 3. MS WORD
 3.1 Introduction to Office Tools:
 3.2 Introduction to Word Proces_ing: Introduction to Microsoft Word Creating and Formatting a Document Auto
 Text, Auto Complete and autoCorrect
 3.3 Grammar and Spell Check
 3.4 Changing font and Type Sizes
 3.5 Inserting and Sizing a Document
 3.6 Opening and Saving a Document
 3.7 Printing and Previewing a Document
 3.8 Finding and Replacing Text
 3.9 Creating and Removing the Hyper Link
 3.10 Creating Reports and Tables.
 3.11 Template (Letter, Fax, Memo, Report)
 (The student should complete atleast 4 assignments which covers various features of word processing)

 UNIT 4. MICROSOFT EXCEL


 Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                              9
4.1 Introduction to Electronic Spread Sheet
4.2 Introduction to Microsoft Excel Creating and Formatting a Worksheet
4.3 Inserting Data into Worksheet
4.4 Entering Formulas and Functions
4.5 Types of Charts
4.6 Creating Charts
4.7 Moving and Sizing Charts
4.8 Copying a Chart
4.9 Using Auto Fill
4.10 Splitting Windows and Freezing Panes
4.11 Using Goal Seek
(The student should complete atleast 4 assignments which covers various features of excel including insertion of
excel workbook in MSWord )

UNIT 5. MICROSOFT POWER POINT 97
5.1 Introduction to Presentation Program
5.2 Introduction to Microsoft Power Point 97
5.3 Creating a Presentation
5.4 Features of Power Point
5.5 Auto Content Wizard
5.6 Viewing and Editing a Presentation
5.7 Inserting, Moving, Hiding and Deleting Slides
5.8 Inserting Pictures and Clip Art.
5.9 Opening, Saving and Printing a Presentation
5.10 Creating and Enhancing a Table
5.11 Slide Layouts
5.12 Modifying the Slide and Title master
5.13 Adding Transition and Build Effects
(The student should complete atleast 4 presentations which covers various features of PowerPoint)

UNIT 6. INTERNET AND E-MAIL APPLICATIONS
6.1 What is Internet
6.2 History and Uses of Internet
6.3 Connecting to Internet
6.4 Dial Up Access and Direct Access
6.5 Domains and Addresses
6.6 DNS and IP Addresses
6.7 Using the World Wide Web
6.8 Internet Browser and Browsing the Web
6.9 Services on Internet
6.10 E-mail Services
6.11 Search Engines
6.12 Chat Services.
(Every student will surf the internet for at least 4 hours. He should. have ability to create Email Account, sending
Email and ability to search the required information using internet)




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                       10
DF6 : WORKSHOP PRACTICE

1.0 Power Transmission in Mechanical Drives.
    Study of the followings
1.1 Belt drives:
    1.1.1 Types of belts
    1.1.2 Types of flat belt drives
     1.1.3 V-belt drive:
1.2 Rope drives:
1.3 Chain drives:
     1.3.1 Types of chains & their applications
1.4 Gear drives:
     1.4.1 Types of gear trains (simple, compound epicyclic &reverted)
    1.4.2 Classification of gears
     1.4.3 Gear terminology.

2 : KEYS & COUPLINGS
2.1 Alignment of shafts
2.2 Function & types of keys, couplings:
     2.2.1 Rigid (sleeve, clamp or compression & flange)
     2.2.2 Flexible (bush type, Hook's joint & Oldham's)
3 : BEARINGS
3.1 Classification
3.2 Sliding contact bearings
3.3 Solid journal bearing
3.4 Bushed bearing
3.5 Split bearing or plummer block
3.6 Thrust bearing ( foot step & collar)
3.7 Rolling contact bearings

4 : SEALS
4.1 Static seals
4.2 Dynamic seals ( in gland-packed stuffing box in pumps, valves)
4.3 Oil seals
4.4 Mechanical seals & its classification'

5 : Introduction to Machine Tools
5.1 Lathe
    5.1.1 Principle of turning
    5.1.2 Specifications of a lathe
    5.1.3 Lathe accessories & attachments
    5.1.4 Lathe operations
5.2 Drilling & drilling machine:
    5.2.1 Elements of drilling machine
      5.2.2 Types of drilling machine

6 : WOOD WORKING SHOP
Any one composite job from the following involving different joints, turning and planning, surface finish by emery
paper, varnishing etc. e.g. square stool, tea-poy centre table, choupang, table lamp, bed sofaset , bookback, cabinet,
notice board, show cases, tables, chairs etc.
Note :- One job to be allotted to a group of 2 to 4 student -depending _ volume of work to be carried out.




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                     11
7 : FABRICATION SHOP
Including ARC gas, welding gas cutting, remetalling of WOmOl,.lt parts Or rebuilding of broken parts with gas
welding.
One job, which is having marketability. to be selected and performed
in a group of 2 to 4 student dependmg on volume of works e.g. Waste paper basket, grill, door and window panel,
tree guard, door and window frame, table frame (square pipe 2Smm) cooler frame (folding type) etc.             '
A fitting job need not be a separate activity. It should be practical oriented supporting to other manufacturing
activities. Some separate fittIng job to be performed like e.g. Taper sunkey
Preparation of right angle, acute angle, absolute angle, surfaces using filling.
Drilling & tapping on such job.

8 : PLUMBING AND SHEET METAL WORKS
One job - nipple, coupling for a standard pipe, pipe threading using standard die set.
One job - Letterbox, trunk, grain container, waterheater container, bucket, wastepaper basket, coolar tary, water
draining channel, funnel etc. (Including soldering and pivoting).

DEMONSTRATION: The instructor will give the Demonstration of the following operations Welding,(
TIG/MIG), Soldering, Brazing

Note :- Work book to be submitted comprising, job drawing, narration of process adopted in each shop for a given
job along with a sketches of tools used for cutting, sketches of necessity tools & equipments with the specification &
application.




                                                   Second Year
DSA1 : APPLIED MECHANICS

1 : FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS
1.1 Mechanics, statics, dynamics, kinetics, kinematics.
1.2 Space, time, particle, body, rigid body.
1.3 Scalar, vector, fundamental units, derived units

2 : FORCE SYSTEM
2.1 Concept of force, definition, unit, graphical representation of force.
2.2 Concept of system of forces, non-coplanar, coplanar, concurrent, parallel, non-concurrent & non-parallel forces.
2.3 Resolution of a force into two components along any directions.
2.4 Resolution of a force into two components at right angles to each other by analytical
     method:.

3 : COMPOSITION OF FORCES
3.1 Composition, Resultant of forces
3.2 Law of parallelogram of forces,
3.3 Moment of force, couples lever arm.
3.4 Varignon's theorem
3.5 Resultant of coplanar concurrent, parallel, and non-concurrent, non-parallel forces

4: EQUILIBRIUM
4.1 Definition of equilibrium, relation between resultant and Equilibrium of coplanar concurrent forces, Lami's
     theorem.
4.2 Equilibrium of coplanar parallel forces & coplanar non-concurrent forces. .
4.3 Analytical conditions of equilibrium for coplanar concurrent & non-concurrent Forces.
4.4 Principle of virtual work & Reactions of simply supported beam by using principle of virtual work.



Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                    12
5 : GRAPHIC STATICS
5.1 Space diagram, Bow's notation, force diagram, polar diagram,      funicular polygon.
5.2 Resolution of a force into two rectangular components.
5.3 Composition of coplanar concurrent forces.
5.4 Composition of coplanar parallel forces.
5.5 Composition of coplanar non-concurrent non parallel forces.
5.6 Reaction of beams for simply supported beam with hinged & roller supports.

6 : FRICTION
6.1 Introduction, Rough & Smooth surfaces, Definition of friction.
6.2 Friction as a self adjusting force.
6.3 Different types of Friction, Laws of Friction, co-efficient of Friction, Angle of Friction and Angle of Repose.
6.4 Equilibrium of forces on level & inclined planes.
6.5 Equilibrium in friction with coefficient of friction for one plane only.

7 : CENTROID & CENTRE OF GRAVITY
7.1 Definition: Centroid, Centre of gravity
7.2 Centroid of regular plane areas & compound areas consisting of regular plains areas.
7.3 Centre of gravity of simple solids: Cylinder, cone, sphere, Centre of gravity of solid objects made up of simple
     solids.
7.4 Centre of gravity of hollow bodies.

8 : RECTILINEAR MOTION
8.1 Definition of kinematics, rectilinear velocity, acceleration.
8.2 Equation of rectilinear motion with uniform acceleration.
8.3 Velocity - rime diagrams, motion under gravity.

9 : ANGULAR MOTION
9.1 Angular velocity           & angular         displacement, angular         motion       with uniform angular
    acceleration.
9.2 Equations of circular motion with constant angular acceleration. Relation between rectilinear & circular motions.

10 : KINETICS
10.1 Concept of momentum & impulse.
10.2 Newton's laws of motion,
10.3 Conservation of momentum.

11 : WORK, ENERGY AND POWER
11.1 Definitions & unit of work done.
11.2 Graphical representation of work, work done by torque.
11.3 Power - definition & unit, energy - definition & unit.
11.4 Forms of energy, potential energy & kinetic energy. Principle of conservation of energy, work -energy theorem.

12 : SIMPLE LIFTING MACHINES
12.1 Definition: Mechanical Advantage, Velocity Ratio, Efficiency, Relation between them.
12.2 Reversibility of Lifting Machine, Law of Machine, Maximum M.A., Maximum Efficiency.
12.3 Study of machines - Differential Wheel & Axle, Weston differential, pulley block, simple screw jack, Worm &
      Worm Wheel, gear train, single & double purchase winch, system of pulleys, gear train,
12.4. Worm & worm wheel
12.5. Single purchase crab
12.6. Geared pulley block
12.7. Double purchase crab
12.8. Sheave pulley block




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                      13
DSA2 : ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY


1. BASIC CONCEPTS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Introduction, nature of electricity, unit of charge, free electrons, electric current, electric potential, potential
difference, concept of e.m.f. And potential difference , resistance, factors upon which resistance depends, specific
resistance or resistively, conductance, carbon resistance, depending on conductivity of material we divide the
material into three types, summary

2. SOURCES OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY

Introduction, cell , types of cells, construction of a lead – acid battery, characteristics of a lead-acid cell, charging of
lead-acid batteries, application of lead-acid batteries, construction of nickel –iron cell, nickel – cadmium cell, solar
cells, fuel cells, Application of lead-acid batteries, summary

3. UNITS – WORK, POWER AND ENERGY

Introduction, International System Of Units, Important Physical Quantities, Unit Of Work Or Energy, Electrical
Energy, Thermal Energy, Units Of Power, Efficiency, Heating Effect Of Electric Current, Summary

4. TYPES OF ELECTRIC CIRCUIT

Dc Circuit, Series Circuit, Parallel Circuit, Advantages Of Parallel Circuits, Series Parallel Circuit, Internal
Resistance Of A Supply, Electric Current, Resistance, Effect Of Temperature On Resistance, Temperature
coefficient of resistance, electric power, ohm’s law, resistances in series, resistances in parallel, Network analysis,
delta/ star transformation, now take star connection, star/delta transformation, summary

5. ELECTROSTATICS & CAPACITANCE

Electrostatics, Unit Of Charge, Electric Field, Lines Of Force, Properties Of Lines Of Force, Electric Flux, Electric
Potential Difference And Potential, Potential At A Point Due To A Point Charge, Equipotential Surfaces, Potential
Gradient, Breakdown Voltage & Dielectric Strength, Capacitance, Special Cases Of A Parallel Plate Capacitor,
Spherical Capacitor, Capacitors In Parallel, Energy Stored In A Capacitor, Charging Of A Capacitor, Discharging
Of Capacitor

6. MAGNETIC CIRCUIT

Magnetic Field, Magnetic Flux, Magnetic Flux Density, Magnetic Intensity Of Magnetizing Force (H), Absolute
And Relative Permeability, Relation Between B And H, Electromagnetism, Magnetic Circuit, Comparison Between
Magnetic And Electric Circuits, Series Magnetic Circuit, Air Gap In Magnetic Circuit, Parallel Magnetic Circuit,
Summary

7. ELECTROMAGNETISM

Electromagnetism, Magnetic Effects Of Electric Current, Magnetic Field Due To Currents In Two Parallel
Conductors, Magnetic Field Due To A Circular Loop, Magnetic Field Due To A Solenoid, Right Hand Rule, Shape
Of The Magnetic Field, Toroid, B – H Curve, Magnetic Hysterisis, Hysterisis Loss, Importance Of Hysteresis Loop,
Summary

8. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                        14
Force On A Current Carrying Conductor Placed In A Magnetic Field, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Electromagnetic
Induction, Fleming Right Hand Rule , Faraday’s Laws Of Electromagnetic Induction, Lenz’ Law, Induced E.M.F,
Statically Induced E.M.F, Self Inductance , Magnitude Of Self Induced E.M.F, Magnitude Of Mutuall Induced
E.M.F., Expression For Mutual Inductance , Co-Efficient Of Coupling, Lifting Power Of A Magnet

9. INDUCTORS

Introduction, Inductor, Inductance, Mutual, Inductance, Current Carrying Capacity , Coefficient Of Coupling,
Inductive Reactance, Dc Resistance, Impendence, Types Of Inductor, Fixed Inductor, Air Core Inductor , Iron Core
Inductor , Ferrite Core Inductors, Variable Inductors, Resistance In Parallel, Resistors In Series, Capacitors,
Inductive Reactance , Capacitance, Impedance, Power In A.C. , Circuit With Resistance Only




DSA3 : STRENGTH OF MATERIALS


1. SIMPLE STRESSES & STRAINS

Concept of elastic, plastic & rigid bodies, concept of axial loads axial strains, lateral strain, Poisson’s ratio,
volumetric strain, Behavior of mild steel under tension, stress-strain curve unit of proportionality, yield stress,
ultimate stress, breaking stress, elongation. Composite sections under axial load, modular ratio, simple problems on
analysis composite sections, concept to biaxial and Triaxial stresses, Definition of Bulk modulus, concept of
Temperature stresses, nature of stresses, Elastic constants, concept of shear load, shear stresses and shear strain,
modulus of rigidity, complimentary stress relation between Elastic constants.

2. STRAIN ENERGY

Type of loading gradually applied load suddenly applied load and input load comparison of stresses due to gradual
load sudden load and impact load.

3. MOMENT OF INERTIA

Concept of moment of Inertia, M.I. for plane areas such as Rectangle, Triangle, Circle, Semicircle and Quarter
Circle, Parallel axis Theorem, perpendicular axis theorem, MI of composite sections, built up sections. Symmetrical
and unsymmetrical sections, radius of gyration, polar moment of inertia.


4. SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT

Concept of cantilever, simply supported, fixed and continuous beams, concept of uniformly distributed load, support
reactions for determinant structure, concept of shear force and bending moment, Definition, sign convention,
Relation between bending moment, shear force and rate of loading, shear force and bending moment diagrams for
simply supported beam, overhanging beam and cantilever subjected to point loads and uniformly distributed loads,
point of contraflexure

5. BENDING STRESSES

Concept of pure bending, Theory of simple bending, assumptions in the theory of bending, neutral axis, bending
stresses and their nature, bending stress distribution diagram, moment of resistance, Application of theory of
Bending to symmetrical & unsymmetrical sections.

6. SHEAR STRESS IN BEAMS

Shear stress equation, measuring of terms in equation, shear stress distribution for rectangular, hollow rectangular,
angel Section, channel sections, Circular section and T-section, Relation between maximum shear stress and average
shear stress


Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                  15
7. SIMPLE FRAMES

Definition of frames, classification of frames-perfect, imperfect, redundant, deficient frame, relation between
members and joints, Assumptions in the analysis, method of joints, method of sections and graphical method to find
nature of forces



DSA4 : AUTOMOBILE ENGINES


1. ENGINE PRINCIPLES AND FUNDAMENTALS
1.1    Introduction,
1.2    Basic engine nomenclature,
1.3    Classification of automobile engines,
1.4    Working cycles - Otto, Diesel & Dual,
1.5    Use of engines,
1.6    Merits and Demerits of vertical and horizontal engines,
1.7    Four stroke and IC engine,
1.8    Two stroke cycle engine,
1.9    Comparison of two stroke and four stroke cycle engine,
1.10   Reasons for using single cylinder two stroke and four stroke cycle engine.

2. CONSTRUCTIONAL FEATURES OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINE COMPONENTS
2.1 Cylinder block, cylinder liner, types of liner, comparison of dry and wet liners, cylinder
     head, gaskets, type of gaskets, piston, piston ring pin etc.,
2.2 Piston, piston rings, Piston ring joints, piston pin,
2.3 Crank shaft, camshaft, connecting rod. valve, valve cooling, valve mechanisms, valve
    timing, part-timing diagram, manifolds, silencers, fly wheel etc.,
2.4 Types of camshaft drives,
2.5 Rotary and reed valve.

3. ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
3.1 Introduction - Purpose of cooling,
3.2 Systems - Air cooling system, water cooling systems,
3.3 Comparison of air & water cooling systems,
3.4 Parts of cooling system,
3.5 Use of thermostat, water expansion tank, Temperature Indicator,
3.6 Pressure cap, water pump, fan and fan belt, radiator,
3.7 Cooling water additions, Trouble shooting of cooling system.

4. LUBRICATION SYSTEMS
4.1 Introduction,
4.2 Purpose of lubrication, parts to be lubricated, functions and properties of engine lubricating oils additives for
lubricants, classification of lubricating oils it,
4.3 Dry Sump lubrication system, wet sump lubrication system, petrol lubrication system, pressurised lubrication
system, splash lubrication system,
4.4 Crankcase ventilation.

5. FUEL SYSTEMS:
5.1 Fuel feed system in petrol engines,
5.2 Mechanical fuel pump, electrical fuel pump,
5.3 Principles of carburetion,
5.4 Simple carburettor,


Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                        16
5.5 Starting, Idling & slow running, acceleration, Main metering system, choke system,
5.6 S.U. Carburettor ,solex carburettor, two barrel carburettor,
5.7 Carburettors used in two wheelers and four wheelers,
5.8 Requirement of fuel injection system,
5.9 Various components & Diesel Fuel injection system,
5.10 Types of fuel injection pumps for single and multi cylinder engines, inline and rotary types of fuel injection
pumps,
5.11 Types of fuel injectors,
5.12 Phasing and calibration of FIP,
5.13 Air fuel mixture ratio in an petrol and diesel engine and comparision,
5.14 Mixture requirement for Transient conditions.

6. IGNITION SYSTEMS:
Ignition limits, Need of ignition system, Battery (coil) ignition system, Ignition coil, Distributor, spark plug, cords
condenser, C.B. points, Magneto ignition system Types of magneto Comparison of Battery coil and magneto
ignition system Ignition timing Spark advance mechanisms - vacuum and centrifugal.


DSA5 : AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM

UNIT I : PATTERN MAKING, MOULDING AND CASTING
Sand casting, Pattern types, materials, pattern making allowances, Moulding sand types, properties and testing, hand
and machine Moulding process and equipment core-type and manufacturing, Furnaces- types cupolas-construction,
operation, zones, chemistry etc. Gating system. Clearing and finishing, Defects in casting.
         Special moulding and casting processes, lost foam process, shell moulding, investment casting, die casting,
Centrifugal casting, Continuous casting.
Processing of Plastics
Introduction to plastic moulding – various plastic moulding processes and materials.

UNIT II : HOT WORKING AND COLD WORKING PROCESSES
Principle – Rolling, Forging-drop, press, upset, Roll forging – Extrusion, drawing, spinning. Effect of hot working.
Cold rolling, swaging, forging, extrustion – forward, backward, impact, Roll forming, tube drawing, wire drawing,
spinning, shot peening, HERE.
Sheet metal working-types of presses, drives and different operations.

UNIT III : JOINING PROCESSES
Are welding- Theory, SMAW, GTAW, GMAW, FCAW, submerged are welding, stud welding.
Resistance welding- Theory, spot, seam, projection welding processes.
Gas welding, friction welding, ultrasonic welding Thermit welding, electron beam and laser welding, explosive and
plasma welding.
Soldering, brazing and braze welding.
Use of adhesive for joining. Classification of adhesives, types of adhesives, applications, surface preparation and
various joints.

UNIT IV : TURNING – LATHE MACHINES
Introduction to lathe, Types, Construction, Working Accessories, Single point cutting tool geometry.
Various operations on lathe, Thread cutting, Taper turning etc.

UNIT V : MILLING MACHINES
Fundamentals of milling process, cutters – types and geometry, Operations performed on milling machines.
Dividing head, methods of indexing, Gear train calculations for helical and cam milling.
Drilling Machines :
Fundamentals of drilling process, Twist drill geometry, tool holders, Types of drilling machines, Operations
performed on drilling machines. Types of drift. Reaming process types of reamers and geometry. Tap and its
geometry.




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                          17
UNIT VI : GRINDING MACHINES
Abrasive machining process machines – types, construction and operation. Grinding – grinding wheel-making
marking mounting.

DSA6 : THERMAL ENGINEEIRNG

1.   SOURCES OF ENERGIES

Brief description of various sources of energy.
Conventional and non-conventional energy sources
Renewable and non-renewable.
Sources of energy: (i) Heat, (ii) Hydraulic, (iii) Solar, (iv) Nuclear, (v) Tidal, (vi) Wind, (vii) Geothermal, (vii) Bio-
gas, (xi) Biomass.
Various appliances based on the above energy sources.

2. FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS AND LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS

Basic concept of working and pure, substance system and system boundary. Type of system close and open,
Isolated. system, Properties and state of system extensive and intensive properties like Pressure, volume, density
enthalpy, entropy, temperqt1.ire arid its measurement/ measuring devices, potential and_etic energylriternal energy
concept of work heat as form of energy, Principle of conversation of energy. Zeroth law. First law of
thermodynamics" Statement and its application to closed and open system, cyclic and non-cyclic processes, steady
flow energy equation and its application to boiler, engine, turbine, pumps, compressors etc.
Second Law of Thermodynamics, Statements like Kelvin Plank and Clausius Statements and their equivalence,
Concept' of perpetual motion machine, Applicator of second law e.g. heat pump refrigerator heat engines.

3. IDEAL GASES

Concept of Ideal gas, Charle's law, Boyle’s law, Equation of state, Avagadro's law, Characteristic Various gas
constant Universal gas constant, Various gas processes Isobaric, Isochoric, Isothermal adiabatic, polytropic,
Representation on the PV and T -S diagrams Calculation of work done, Heat transfer, Change in internal energy in
each processes (only simple numericals).

4.   STEAM AND STEAM BOILER

Concept of pure substance, Generation of steam at constant pressure, Representation on various diagrams such as P-
v, T-h, T-s, h-s, P-h, Properties of steam, Use of steam table, Vapour processes like cant. pressure, Constant volume
with simple numericals, Quality of steam and its determination by calorimeter (no numericals). Steam boiler,
classification of steam boiler such as fire tube boiler, Cochran boiler, modern high pressure boiler, non IBR and IBR
boiler modern three pass oil fire package boilers, Velox and Loefflor lamont boilers, boiler mounting and boiler
accessories.

5. STEAM TURBINE AI:LD STEAM CONDENSORS
Steam nozzle - types and applications, Steam Turbine, Types Impulse, reaction, combined their construction and
working (simple problem), Compounding, Regenerative feed heating and bleeding of turbines governing of turbines,
Steam condensors - fUJ,1.ction, classification, Daltons law of Compounding, Regenerative feed heating and
bleeding of turbines governing of turbines, Steam condensors function, classification, Daltons law of partial
pressure, sources of air leakage calculation, condenser efficiency, vacuum efficiency. Cooling Tower.

6. I.C. ENGINE AND TESTING
Various power cycles, Otto, diesel and dual cycles with simple numericals, Classification of I.C. engine and working
principle of 4, 2 stroke cycle, valve timing diagram.                           .
Engine power - IBP FP and BP, Mechanical, thermal, relative, volumetric efficiency fuel consumption, BSFC,
Morse and motoring test, heat balance sheet, concept of pollutants in exhaust gases in petrol and diesel engine such
as CO, unburnt Hydro carbon, their effect on Environment Exhaust gas analysers for petrol and diesel engines,



Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                      18
Central motor vehicles Act provisions 1989 Section 115 Regulations.

7. GAS TURBINE
Working cycle, classification, application of gas turbine. Constant volume and constant pressure gas turbines,
Principle of Turbojet, Turboprop, Ranjet Rockets, Rocket'jets. rocket fuels.

8. AIR COMPRESSOR
Industrial use of compressed air, Classification, construction and working of single and two stage compressor,
Efficiency-volumetric, isothermal, mechanical (numericals) Multistaging-Advantage. of multistaging.

9. PRINCIPLES OF REFRIGERATION
Revere Carnot cycle Principal of refrigeration COP Heat pump and Refrigeration Units of refrigeration, Types of
Refrigeration such as Ice refrigeration, Steam and Jet refrigeration etc. refrigeration system, vapour compression
cycle its representation on P-H and T-S diagram. Calculation. of work input, Refrigerating effect with simple
numericals various types of refrigerant used, Application of refrigeration, Vapour absorption cycle, Electrolux
refrigeration.                                        .

10. POWER GENERATION SYSTEM
Layout of thermal, Gas turbine power plant, Nuclear power plant. Elements of Nuclear power stations, Nuclear
reactor, Types of nuclear reactor such as PWR, BWR, CANDU, BLEEDING type reactor.




                                                      Third Year

DTA1 : FLUID POWER

1. PROPERTIES OF OIL AND FLUIDS
Viscosity, grades, additives, fire resistance selection of fluid, contamination of fluids, filters, fire point, flash point,
filtration methods.

2. STATIC PRESSURE
Pascal's law, concept of static pressure, intensity of pressure, pressure head, total pressure on a plane surface, centre
of pressure for rectangular, triangular circular surface.

3. MEASUREMENT OF PRESSURE
Concept of atmospheric pressure, gauge pressure, vacuum pressure, gauges, peizometer tube, simple and differential
manometer bourdon pressure gauge.                                     .

4. FLOW OF FLUIDS.
Type of flows, law of continuity, energy possessed by flowing fluid, Bernoulli's theorem and its application such as
venturimeter and pilot tube coefficient of discharge.


5. FLOW THROUGH PIPES
Laws of fluid friction for laminar and turbulent flow. Darcy's equation for frictional losses chezy's frictional loss,
loss of head due to sudden enlargement contraction - obstruction, bent, loss at exit, total. energy line, hydraulic
ingredient line, power transmitted through pipe transmission efficiency, water hammer and its effects.


UNIT II : HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

6. HYDRAULIC TURBINES (NO NUMERICALS)
Classification & selection of turbines, Construction and working of Pelton wheel, Francis turbine, Kaplan turbine,
comparison of turbines, function of draft tube, types of draft tube, cavitation in turbines.



Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                        19
7. CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
Construction and working of C.O.P. calculation of manometric efficiency, overall efficiency velocity diagram.
Types of casings and impellers, need of priming and methods of priming of a C.O.P. Net positive suction head its
meaning, installation, testing of C.O.P. as per IS specifications. Fault finding and remedies in working of C.O.P..
Types of C.O.P. their construction and working (Multi stage, monoblock, submersible) pump Selection (using
manuals of manufacturers) and its' specification using manuals.

8. RECIPROCATING PUMPS
Theory: (No derivations and numericals) Construction and working of single and double acting reciprocating pump.
Positive and negative slip. Reasons for cavitation and separation. Introduction to concept of head. Practice: A
practical on the pump with estimation of different parameters.


UNIT III : PNEUMATICS

9. HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC POWER DEVICES
Rotary Pumps – Construction, Working Principle and application of gear pumps, Vane pump and piston pump,
Rotary Motors Construction and working principles and application

10. POWER CONTROLLING DEVICES
Classification of valves poppet, ball, needle, throttle, pressure control, flow control, direction control, sequencing,
synchronizing, rotary spool, sliding spool, two position, multi positive. Construct and operation of above valve

11. ACCESSORIES OF PNEUMATIC CIRCUIT
Filters – Types, function construction. Tubing and hose Types, construction. Seals and Gaskets – Types, function
construction.

12. BASIC HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CIRCUIT
Meter in. Meter out, bleed off circuit. Regenerative circuit, Sequencing circuit.



DTA2 : ADVANCED MANUFACTURING PROCESSES

 1. MILLING MACHINES
 1.1 Introduction
 1.2 classification and types
 1.3 Size and specifications
 1.4.Accessories attachment
 l.5 Milling cutters
 1.6 Classification and types of milling cutter.
 1.7 Nomenclature of cutter
 1.8 Setup-operation
1.9 Method of feeding work piece
 1.10 Operation on milling machine
 1.11 Indexing (simple compound, differential angular)
 1.12 Helical milling cam milling .
 1.13 Cutting speed & ledge
 1.14 Machining time calculation
 1.15 Milling operation compound with other operations

2. BORING AND BROACHING MACHINE
2.1 Introduction to Boring machines
2.2 Types of Boring machine


Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                   20
2.3 Boring haps and heads
2.4 Various operations using boring heads
2.5 Boring operations using end supports
2.6 Introduction to Broaching machine
2.7 Types of Broaching machine
2.8 Broaching tool nomenclature
2.9 Types of Broaches.
2.10 Broaching options compared with other process (advantages & limitations.)
2.11 External
2.12 Lubrication and cooling
2.13 Application of Broaching

3. GRINDING MACHINE
3.1 Introduction.
3.2 Types of Grading machines (Floor stand, Precision. plain.
     cylindrical, universal centrals Internal, surface disc)
3.3 Special grinding machine, (Tool and cutter grinder, cam and and shape grinders).
3.4 Shape of grinding wheel.
3.5 Grinding wheel designation as per- IS -551 -19-54.
3.6 Grinding wheels
3.7 Grinding wheel elements (abrasives - its types, Grain sizes, Grade, structure, bonding material etc.)
3.8 Diamond wheel
3.9 Grinding wheel section
3.10 Allowances for grinding wheel
3.11 Mounting of Grinding wheel
3.12 Dressing and cursing, of grinding wheel,

4. METAL FINISHING PROCESS
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Honing
4.3 Description and construction of honing tool.
4.4 Application of honing process
4.5 Lopping
4.6 Description of Lapping compound and tool
4.7 Application of Lapping
4.8 Super finishing process
    Burnishing - Polishing - Buffing
4.9 Application of super finishing operations.

5. GEAR MANUFACTURING
5 .1 Gear tooth e1ement
5.2 Materials for Gears
5.3 Different methods of Gear manufacturing
5.4 Gear generating methods
5.5 Gear milling
5.6 Gear shaping (Working principal of machine tool required Gear shaping cutters etc.)
5.7 Gear Hibbing (Working principal of machine tool required Gear hobbing operation)
5.8 Gear finishing process ( Gear sharing burnishing, grinding honing lapping

6. MODERN MACHINING METHOD (MMM)
 6.1 principles,
 6.2 Processes
6.3 Advantages
 6.4 Applications




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                            21
The following MMM are to be studied (EDM, wire cut EDM.                                ECM,   chemical   machining
LESER bean. Machining plasma, are machining. Electron beam machining) etc

7. COMPUTERISED NUMERICALLY CONTROL SYSTEMS
7.1 Automation in manufacturing industry
7.2 Automation in machine tools
7.3 NC/CNC Machines
7.4 Advantages & Disadvantages of CNC
7.5 Direct Numerical Control

8 FUNDAMENTALS OF PART PROGRAMMING
8.1 Classification of CNC Machine
8.2 Methods of listing Co-Ordinate System
8.3 Introduction to part programming
8.4 Procedure for developing manual programming
8.5 Use of subroutines for writing part programming
8.6 Use of DO loops for writing part programming
8.7 Fixed Cycle for writing part programming



9. TOOLING FOR CNC MACHINING
9.1   Spindle tooling for machine centers
9.2   Tooling for CNC turning centers
9.3   Tool-presetting equipment
9.4   Flexible tooling system
9.5   ATC on CNC machines



DTA3 : METROLOGY & QUALITY CONTROL

1. METROLOGY- (A)
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Scope.
1.3 Need of Inspection
1.4 Concept of mass production. Interchangibi1ity & selective assembly.
1.5 Concept of precision. accuracy sensitivity, amplification magnification
1.6 Error Sources of Errors.


2. MEASUREMENT

2.1 Principles of measurement
2.1 Standards of measurements Indian Standard, International Standard, line std, end
    std wave length std.
2.3 Linear measurement concepts principles..
2.4 Construction and working of simple instruments like Verniers, micrometers, slip
    guages, end bars, length bars, surface plate, angle plate, V block.
2.5 Concept of calibration - Construction &, Working of calibration Tester.


3. LIMITS FITS & GAUGE
3.1 Concepts of Limits, Fits & Tolerances
3.2 Taylor's Principle
3.3 Design of Plug, ring & soap gauges,
3.4 S91 9 - 1963 (Limits, Fits & Tolerances)
3.5 ISO system of Limits and Fits.



Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                               22
     Plain plug gauge IS 3484 - 1966
     Plain ring gauge IS 3485 -1972
     Snap gauge is 3477 - 1973.

4. ANGULAR MEASUREMENTS
4.1 Concept
4.2 Construction & Working of universal bevel                      protractor     Spirit   level    Sine   bar,    Snow
   Centre, Angle Gauges, Angle Dekkor. Autocollimators

5. SCREW THREAD MEASUREMENTS
5.1 Terminology of screw thread.
5.2 Measurement of Different elements:
    (a) Major Dia (b) Minor Dia (c) Effective Dia
    (d) Pitch       (e) Thread Angle
5.3 Construction & working of following instruments to above parameters
      (a) Floating carriage micrometer. (b) Tool maker's microscope.
      (c) Optical profile projector.          (d) Pitch measuring machine.
      (e) Screw thread micrometer.     (f) Tangent micrometer.

6.   COMPARATOR
       6.1 Principles of operation of various types of comparator like mechanical, electrical, optical, pneumatic and
       electric.
       6.2 Characteristic of good comparator. Relative advantages and disadvantages of
          various types of compressor.
       6.3 Study of dial indicator - types, construction and working.
       6.4          Construction and Working of following mechanical comparator .Reed type.
          Johnson’s Microcenter Sigma comparator

7.     SURFACE FINISH
       7.1 Importance of surface finish for various types, of applications.
       7.2 Concept of primary texture and secondary texture (Roughness and Waviness).
       7.3 Terminology as per IS.
         Direction of Lay.
         C.LA,R.A; R.MS.
       7.4 Various Techniques of qualitative analysis
       7.5 Principles of operation of stylus probe type of instruments, Tomlinson's Surface
         meter


8. TESTING TECHNIQUES
8.1 Straightness testing by straight edge, spirit level & Autocollimators.
8.2 Flatness Testing by straightness testing techniques & by optical flats.
8.3 Square ness Testing - by dial indicator, optical square, indicating method.
8.4 Parallelism Parallelism Testing between two, axes, two                          planes,   one     stationary   other
   moving, axis of rotation and trajectory.

9. GEAR MEASUREMENT
 9.1 Terminology.
 9.2 Measurement of individual elements by different suitable instrument
 9.3 Parkinson gear tester, backlash, run out

10. MACHINE TOOL TESTING.
10.1 Alignment, test to be carried out with lathe, drilling machine, milling machine.




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                     23
 11. NON - DESTRUCTIVE TESTING (NDT)
 11.1 Concept.
 11.2 Different techniques like visual exam, pressure                   and    leak   test,    penetrating   liquid   test,
      thermal test, radiographs; ultrasonic testing magnetic testing.


 QUALITY CONTROL
 1. QUALITY FUNCTION
 1.1 Meaning of Quality Control.
 1.2 Inspection - concept, need, planning.
 1.3 Difference between Quality control and Inspection.
 1.4 Difference between Quality of Design Quality of confirmation and Quality of predominance
 1.5 Concept of Reliability and manageability:

 2.    QUALITY OBJECTIVES.
 2.1 Quality objectives Quality policies.
 2.2 Quality specifications.

 3. QUALITY ASSURANCE
 3.1 Concept
 3.2 Qua1ity mindlessness, Quality audit, vendor quality rating capabilities
 3.3 Quality circles - concept, purpose and function.

 4. QUALITY ECONOMICS
 4.1 Cost of Quality, value of Quality and balance between the two.
 4.2 Economics of Quality control - appraisal prevention external and internal failure cost.

 5.     QUALITY ORGANISATION
 5.1 Organisation for quality.
 5.2 Quality systems, concept of total quality management ISO 9000 Concept and its evaluation
     and implication.
 5.3 Machine capability & studies
 5.4 National & internal-codes
 PRACI1CAL
 3. Visit to industry Which has got ISO 9000 certificate to study different aspects applicable
    to ISO certification

 6. STATICALLY QUALITY CONTROL (SQC)
  6.1 Meaning and importance of SQC
  6.2 Mention of frequency distribution, mean, medium standard deviation, range variance,
       variable measurement and attribute measurements.
  6.3 Construction of, frequency distribution curve, frequency histogram frequency polygon,
      frequency curve
  6.4 Normal distribution Curve, area under the curve, & its interpretation.
  6.5 Control charts for Variables - X and R chart.
  6.6 Control charts for attributes - P chart and C chart            .
  6.7 Process capability of machine concept. degeneration of statistical Units and comparison
      with tolerance limits to determine capable or incapable process.
6.8 Acceptance sampling Concept comparison with 100 % inspection different types of
    sampling plans with merits and demerits O.C. curve - significance and importance,.
      producer's risk. AQL, AOQL, IQL, LTD.




 Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                                      24
7. Acceptance sampling and O.C Curve Different –sampling plans understand the practice
   as per I.S. Plot different important points on D.c. curve

DTA 4 : PRODUCTION ENGINEERING
1.     Theory – Production & Productivity

1.0 Concept of production in industry.
1.1 Definition of Production, Production System.
1.2 Type of Production System, Advantages & Disadvantages
1.3 Suitable examples of Production system Productivity
1.4 difference Between Production & Productivity, Importance of Productivity
1.5 Measurement of Productivity, Techniques of Improving Productivity.


2.    Product Design & Development Theory
2.1 Introduction to product Design
2.2 Effect of product design on cost requirements of good product Design
2.3 Factors affecting product design.
2.4 Introduction to product development
2.5 Factors / aspects of Product Development
2.6 Concept of simplication, standardization, specialization & Interchangeability

3. Cost Estimation Theory
3.0 Definitions, Cot Accounting, Elements of cost.
3.1 Components of cost, break even analysis, break even chart, function of break even chart.
3.2 Break even Point, estimations of cost elements.
3.3 Methods of cost estimating, Data requirements for cost estimating, steps in making cost estimates
    numerical.
3.4 Calculations of m/c times for turning, Drilling, Milling, Grinding, Shaping, Selling price of the
    product.

4. Plant Layout and Material Handling Theory
4.0 Utilization of techniques in plant layout.
4.1 Types of plant layout & comparison.
4.2 Slection of space requirements in layout.
4.3 Design & layout of work station.
4.4 Need for material handling devices in industries, Different Material Handling devices.
4.5 Equipments, Sketches, Meaning, Comparisons of systems & Its Application.

5. Process Planning
5.0 Planning of process from raw material to finished product.
5.1 Process operation sheet. Determination of inspection stage.
5.2 Selection of appropriate m/c equipment for process. m/c capacity selection.
5.3 Techniques of planning and assemblies.

6. Control of Production systems theory
6.0 Meaning of Control of Production scheduling.
6.1 Production control, Dispatching Methods, Routing Progress Control.
6.2 Flow Control of Materials, Components, Parts & sub – assemblies to the final product.
6.3 Flow control applied to continuous production. Line balancing & Techniques.
6.4 Introduction & application of CPM & PERT, Method of Planning control at large & its simple
    Numerical.
7. Method Study




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                        25
7.0 Introduction and objectives of method study.
7.1 Method study procedure.
7.2 Selection of work for Method study.
7.3 Recording techniques & critical.
7.4 Examination.
7.5 Development of improved methods.
7.6 Principles of Motion Economy.
7.7 Work Place Layout.
7.8 Human factors in motion study.

8. Work Measurement.

8.0   Introduction and objectives of work measurement.
8.1   Procedures of work measurement.
8.2   Equipment used and scientific method of work.
8.3   Merit rating calculations & allowances.
8.4   New Management techniques & principles.


9. Inventory Control Theory

9.0 Definition of Inventory Control.
9.1 Inventory Control of Materials in process.
9.2 Deciding Economic Batch Quantity, Determining.
9.3 Maximum & Minimum Stock.
9.4 Methods adopted for stock control.
9.5 ABC analysis, Material requirement planning.
9.6 Manufacturing requirement planning.

10. Jigs & Fixtures Theory

10.0 Definitions of Jig & Fixtures.
10.1 Importance & Its applications.
10.2 Principles of Jig & Fixtures.
10.3 Principles of Jig & Fixtures, Locators, Clamps, Support Bushes, Six degree freedom.
10.4 Two simple examples giving proper applications of simple Jigs & Fixtures for elementary machining
     operation.




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                                         26
DTA 5 INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROLS

UNIT I : BASIC FACTS OF INSTRUMENTATION AND. CONTROL SYSTEM     USED IN ENGINEERING
         MEASUREMENT AND PROCESS CONTROL

1. General Instrumentation
1.1 General description of instrumentation
1.2 Development of electronic Instrumentation
1.3 Elements of electronic instrumentation system.


UNIT: II: BASIC FACTS AND CONCEITS OF MEASUREMENT

2. Introduction in Measurement and Measuring system
2.1 Measurement significance of measurement
2.2 Scale factor, Range
2.3 Resolution, Precision accuracy and reliability
2.4 System error analysis.
2.5 Standards and calibrations

3. Measurement Techniques
3.1 Typical sensor output .
3.2 Bridge measurement-. Balanced & unbalanced
3.3 Potentiometer measurements .

UNIT - III BASIC CONCEPTS OFTHE INSTRUMENTATION ANDCONTROL SYSTEM
4. Transducer
4.1 Mechanical Parameters sensors, potentiometer, LVDT, RVDT.
    Tachometer strain gauges.
4.2 Hydraulics and Pnumatic sensors - pressure level flow
4.3 Temperature sensor thermistors, thermocouples
4.4 Miscellaneous -light liquid level humidity thickness.

5. Signal Conditioning
5.1 Power supply operational amplifiers filters

6. Recording System
6.1   Voltage recording instruments.
6.2   Digital voltmeter
6.3   Script chart recorder
6.4   X-Y recorder

7. Data Acquisition system
7.1 Data Loggers.
7.2 Data acquisition system

8. Process Control System
8.1   Need of automation and automatic control system,
8.2   Open Loop control circuits
8.3   Close- loop control circuits
8.4   Analog electric controllers


Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                27
 8.5 Digital controller
 8.6 Pneumatic Controller
 8.7 Digital computer as process controllers

 9. Actuators
  9.1 Electromechanical actuators linear motion rotary motion dc motor ac motor
      Stepper motor, Servo motor.
 10. Remote control Equipments
 10.1 Alarm units, Displays, recording and indication equipments transmitter, telemetry

 UNIT IV: PRINCIPLES AND OPERATION OF INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL SYSTEM
 11. Principles of Operation of instrument and control System ,
 11.1 Principles of measurements
 11.2 Principles of integration of different components in the System,

 12. Operation of Instrumentation ad control System
 12.1 How an instrumentation and control systems is implemented
 12.2 Examples of system form in the manufacturing industry.




 DTA6 - ADVANCE AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM

 UNIT-I AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.

 1. Automobile manufacturing Industry
1.1 Role of automobile mfg. industry in economic development of the country.
1.2 Major industries in India
   1.2.1 Their historical background.
   1.2.2 Present status of product, turnover size etc,
  1.3 Different sections of Automobile industry & their function & Roles, in the
      development of industry,
  1.4 Roles & Function of the Technician.
    1.4.1 Functions of Production section automobile mfg. industry
    1.4.2 Functions of different mfg process in automobile industry
    1.4.3 Functions of manufacturing technician in each mfg process

 Practicals
 1. Understanding to Role of different sections.
 2. Role of manufacturing system
 3. Role of technician in Manufacturing System.

 UNIT II : AUTOMOBILES SYSTEM

 2. Automobile System
2.1 Introduction
    2.1.1 Components of Automobile
    2.1.2 Classification of Automobile
2.2 Transmission system
    2.2.1 Clutch                       2.2.2 Gear Box
    2.2.3 Propeller shaft & rear axle. 2.2.4 Wheel tires



 Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                         28
2.3 Steering system
2.4 Breaking system
2.5 Suspension system

UNIT – III : OPERATION & CONTROL OF AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM

3.   M/C Tools and Process
     3.1 Describing different Mfg. Processes used in Automobile Mfg. Process.
     3.2 Describing different M/C tools used in Automobile Mfg. System.
4.   Principles & Procedures of operation and control
     4.1 Scheduling in Automobile Manufacturing System.
     4.2 Despatching in Automobile Manufacturing System.
     4.3 Routing in Automobile Manufacturing System.
     4.4 Stages in operation of Automobile Manufacturing System.
     4.5 Procedure of control of Automobile Manufacturing System.


UNIT – IV : QUALITY CONTROL IN AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM
5. Quality Control.

     5.1 Concept of quality control in Automobile Manufacturing System.
     5.2 Principles of quality control of Automobile Manufacturing System.
     5.3 Procedure of quality control in Automobile Manufacturing System.




Diploma Engineering – Automobile                                                29