The Future of Forestry ester Number 177, March, 2005 The Professional For- How Do We Get High School Students Interested in Forestry? After a strong increase in forestry undergraduate enrolment across Canada during the 1990s, the number of graduates from Canada’s university forestry programs has decreased by almost 30% over the past five years (Figure 1), and overall enrolment has decreased even more. All forestry schools have initiated active recruitment programs, and preliminary application numbers seem to indicate that we are beginning to see a renewed interest in forestry education. This paper outlines some of the challenges we face when it comes to promoting forestry as a career of choice, and how we need to promote forestry to change general attitudes. When we talk to high school students, teachers, and the public, we find that most people have little or no knowledge about forestry or what a career in forestry entails. Another challenge when promoting the many varied and high-technology careers available to forestry professionals is that people who have some knowledge about forestry stereotypically equate it to low technology and low brow work, a sunset industry, and just the cutting and (Continued on page 2) Forester Graduation and Employment Trends 450 3600 3500 Employment Trend 400 Forester Supply 3400 3300 Accredited 350 Program 3200 Graduates - How Do We Get High School 300 3100 Supply Employment Students Interested in 250 3000 Trend Forestry?................................1 2900 Forestry - More Than Just Trees 200 2800 ...............................................3 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 20042005 2006 2007 2008 Forestry Needs an Educational Year Commitment ...........................4 Forestry as a Career - Where Figure 1. Graduates from Canada’s professional forestry programs and employment are the Students? ...................6 trends for respondents to National Employer Demand Survey (CCFM Deputies Committee, 2004). The Future of Forestry ............7 Whither the Professional Forest Practitioner?...........................8 Director of the OPFA ............ 15 The Future of Forestry Letter to the Editor................ 15 Education - MNR’s Perspective AGM Draft Agenda ................ 16 ...............................................9 Ontario to Expand Training for The Price of Delay and Ignoring Foreign-Trained Professionals a Member’s Prior History ............................................. 17 ......................... centre pull out Resources to Learn About Stop the Interruptions! ............ Aboriginal Issues in Forest ......................... centre pull out Management in Canada, with an UK Forester Seeking Emphasis on Ontario............ 18 Professional Exchange/ In Memoriam......................... 20 Employment Opportunity in Coming Events..................... 22 Ontario.............. centre pull out OPFF Update ........................ 23 Meet the New Executive Member News....................... 24 only those associated with alumni, professional foresters and “traditional” forestry. Graduates student ambassadors when talking can also elect to continue their to students about forestry and the studies at the graduate level in opportunities available. If you are forestry or other science-based interested in helping us promote fields, or in professional programs forestry, and/or would like to such as education, business, and receive a copy of our promotional law. CD-ROM, please email or phone me. If you know anyone thinking We also need to promote the case about forestry, please direct them to that forestry graduates enjoy our website at excellent employment opportunities www.lakeheadforestry.ca to Dr. Reino Pulkki, R.P.F. (http://jobfutures.ca/fos/ discover today’s forestry. U641p3.shtml) and that a recent (Continued from page 1) National Employer Demand Survey Dr. Reino Pulkki, R.P.F. planting of trees. Also, the general (CCFM Deputies Committee, 2004) Lakehead University, Faculty of view is that it is male-dominated, indicates a shortage of forestry Forestry and the Forest when actually over 30% of our graduates in the future. Whether Environment students are female, and the share forestry graduates provide expertise is continually increasing. in the more traditional fields Reino Pulkki can be reached at associated with forestry such as email@example.com In reality, forestry is the science, environmental planning and forest or 807-343-8564. art, and business of sustainably management, or whether they managing our forests for all of the become scientists, conservationists, multiple uses and values required entrepreneurs, policy makers, or by society for its social, biophysical, educators, today’s forestry The Professional Forester is and economic well-being. Such a graduates are truly global citizens published quarterly by and for broad mandate requires for change. They are innovators, members of the Association, professional foresters to be creating real world solutions in as well as those interested in responsible for the health of our many diverse disciplines. I feel that the profession of forestry in forest environment, while meeting once we get this knowledge out Ontario. economic and other societal needs. about what forestry really is and the This role will be greatly expanded diverse careers available, we will Unless specifically stated, as demands for clean water and air, shed the old stereotypical views and opinions expressed sustainable ecosystems, and impressions and attract the do not necessarily represent controlling atmospheric carbon students we need, to ensure we those of the Association, its dioxide increase. have sustainable forest Council, or the employers of management in the future. members. We need to sell careers in forestry as “smart” careers for the future, To promote careers in forestry and Ontario Professional careers that are innovative, forestry education, Lakehead Foresters Association progressive and high-tech. It is a Forestry has embarked on a major 8000 Yonge St., Unit #3 career to pursue if you have a love marketing and recruitment program Innisfil, ON L9S 1L5 for the outdoors and the with the assistance of the CFS, Phone: 705-436-2226 environment, and a desire to do MNDM, MNR, forest industry, and Fax: 705-436-1151 something interesting and the OPFA. The theme of our firstname.lastname@example.org worthwhile. program is: “Clearcut? No! Today’s www.opfa.ca forestry issues are far more Forestry students graduate with a complex than they used to be.” Our Submissions are welcome science-based degree that is marketing package includes a CD- and should be addressed to: practical and has a sound ROM that can be presented and Caroline Mach, R.P.F., Editor foundation in problem-solving, distributed to multiple audiences at PO Box 95 management, and business. A multiple venues. The CD-ROM Mansfield, ON L0N 1M0 forestry education actually leads to contains basic information about forestmanager@ a career and a profession, while today’s forestry and the diverse dufferinmuseum.com also providing the opportunity for careers it can lead to, and direct excellent summer and co-op jobs to links to our totally redesigned The deadline for submissions help offset education costs. The website. The marketing package to the next issue is May 1. breadth and practical aspect of the was designed to provide material programs opens many doors, not for presentation and distribution by Page 2. Forestry - More Than Just Trees Over the last ten years, enrolment in Forestry Technician and Technology programs at Collège Boréal has experienced a constant decline. The fact that we now have a younger generation who is more informed about environmental issues but lacks knowledge about the field of forestry has certainly contributed to this decline. Also, in Northern Ontario, the closure of sawmills and the negative impact these closures have had on some Danielle Talbot-Lariviere of the smaller communities continue to have negative influence on retirements. The importance of The C.E. Team potential students. Many of these maintaining our forests is not going northern communities have a strong would like to to disappear in the future nor is the percentage of French-speaking demand for technicians and thank citizens who have grown up each and every one technologists. watching their grandfathers work as of our members who lumberjacks and their fathers work However, to ensure that we meet have reported their as operators in the mill. The public the demands of the workforce, we still has a vision that the CE credits. must put together a marketing lumberjacks are big strong men strategy that highlights the need for who work in lumber camps, cut a highly skilled workforce and the down trees, and seldom come job possibilities for Forestry home to their families, while the mill Technicians and Technologists. worker cuts down hectares of The province of Ontario should also forests with no consideration for coordinate marketing efforts to wildlife and the environment in increase public awareness of the general. The fact that these issues changes in the field of forestry and are often negatively reflected by the target school-aged students to media does not help the cause. ensure that forestry is a viable These are only some of the factors career choice. which are deterring students from choosing to study forestry. Full Danielle Talbot-Lariviere In reality, the field of forestry has Doyenne, expanded its role not only in the Associate Technologies et métiers forest but also in the type of student Collège Boréal it attracts. There is now a need for a Sudbury ON highly skilled workforce having Non Resident knowledge in the areas of forest harvesting, forest conservation, sustainable forest management, silviculture, and GIS to name a few. The jobs associated with wood cutters and machine operators are Your efforts do make a those which are being downsized. difference to the forestry We do know that there will be a profession! shortage of skilled foresters in Canada and especially in Ontario and British Columbia in the next three to nine years due to Page 3. Forestry Needs an Educational Commitment Ask a student if forestry is a career But given these two falsehoods are path they intend to choose and categorically wrong, steps must be chances are they will say “no.” taken to correct the negative perceptions and dispel the myths, Even in Northern Ontario, where otherwise we risk a self-fulfilling the forest industry is the economic prophecy. foundation of many communities and a way of life for a large Putting false perceptions aside, the segment of the population, forestry positive arguments are compelling. is not widely considered by youth to Ontario’s forest industries have a be a good career option, even huge economic footprint of $19 though the jobs generally pay billion a year. Upward of 250,000 above average wages, offer people are employed directly and challenging, rewarding work and indirectly in Ontario’s forest the industries have an established industries that pay direct wages, history of at least two centuries in salaries and benefits of $4.8 billion this province. a year. Of those directly employed by forest industries, the average Concerns over this negative wage and benefit package is just Jamie Lim perception should be shared by under $70,000 per year. several sectors including, of course, the forestry sector as well as The primary emphasis of change percent nationally in the past five provincial and municipal must, necessarily, involve Ontario’s years. governments. education system that must be immediately encouraged to do two We urged the Minister to invest in After all, the key ingredient in things: education programs beginning as building strong communities with early as Kindergarten to present a healthy economies and planning for • first, its curriculum must be true picture of our industry that is the future is “people” – the modernized to undo the falsehoods high-tech, environmentally workforce. and bring a sense of pride back to responsible and sustainable and being a part of the resource based that it offers appealing and And, the forest industry — like the industries on which this province rewarding work environments. Ontario Professional Foresters and, arguably, this country was Association — is justifiably founded, Changes in the curriculum need to concerned about the declining be province-wide with special focus enrolment and understands that, • and second, through the on the youth of Northern Ontario without a qualified workforce, the education system, government and First Nations and they need to sustainability of the forest industry must be encouraged to provide happen sooner than later. may be put in jeopardy. support for industry-related education (secondary and post- Certainly, Ontario’s forest industries The reasons for this pessimism secondary) and educators themselves carry a share of among youth may be manifold but themselves must be given the responsibility, and the Ontario there are some primary factors at information and tools to present a Forest Industries Association work, not the least of which are the true picture of an industry that is (OFIA) was and remains in support pervasive and absolutely incorrect high-tech, environmentally of producing educational materials assumptions that forestry is a dying responsible, and has appealing such as the Canadian Forests industry or it is inherently bad for work places and work Primer for elementary school the environment. environments. children and the OFIA Guiding Principles and Code of Forest Obviously, if the prevailing sense is In a recent OFIA letter to Minister of Practices. of an industry that’s no longer (Continued on page 5) Education Gerrard Kennedy, we viable, what student would want to pointed out that enrolment in embark on such a career path? university and college forestry programs has declined nearly 30 Page 4. (Continued from page 4) If you are planning for centuries – must work together to dispel the grow people.” myths and grow a generation of Individual forest companies remain people who see forestry as an significant contributors to their Our industry’s roots run deep in exciting, challenging and rewarding respective communities. Donations Ontario. For over 200 years, the career path. of financial and staff resources to Ontario forest industry has worked community projects and local with all governments to build Jamie Lim schools illustrate that many stronger communities, a stronger President members of the forest industry are province and a stronger nation. Ontario Forest Industries familiar with an old Chinese proverb Association that states: Today, Ontario is a world leader in sustainable forest management. “If you are planning for one year – grow rice. That’s our mission. To ensure that If you are planning for 20 years – the forest industry operates in grow trees. Ontario for centuries. Together, we Privileges of O.P.F.A. Membership The benefits of being a member! The O.P.F.A. has arranged a Corporate Class Business Rental Program agreement with Enterprise Rent-a-Car. To receive your special rate you can do one of three things: 1. Book on the internet at www.enterprise.com 2. Call 1-800-736-8222 3. Contact your local branch You will be asked to provide your Corporate Class ID number which has been mailed to all members. Your Corporate Class Business Rental Program offers special pricing anytime, any day with unlimited mileage. And you can rent anywhere in North America – even for the family trip! If you have any questions, call the O.P.F.A. office at 705-436-2226. Looking for New Staff? Looking for a New Career? Career opportunities and member availability can be easily posted and found both on our website and in The Professional Forester. Advertising rates are as follows: Website: Personal Resume: $60 Employment Opportunity: $60 Newsletter: Employment Opportunity Full Page: $300 ¾ Page: $225 ½ Page: $150 ¼ Page: $75 Other page sizes are available. For more information contact the O.P.F.A. office at 705-436-2226 or by email at email@example.com. Page 5. Forestry as a Career – Where are the Students? Student career choices ebb and industry may discourage students still desire to be employed with the flow. There are numerous reasons due to a stressful work Ministry of Natural Resources in for this as careers gain and lose environment. Lay-offs, job security, Forestry, they worry about job notoriety and popularity. New the volatility of the market are all availability when they complete careers continue to appear as the reasons used in this thought pattern their training. world changes and careers that • Frequent mill closures in have been in existence for some communities lead students to One can quickly see that the time, although they also develop in question the job security issue answer clarifying the fact and the accordance with time, are less • Students no longer assume that fiction is a job that can be handled favoured. They must compete for they will follow in parent’s footsteps through education. By this the the attention of today’s student who for employment author means an effort by all is highly motivated by exposure and • The new Ontario Curriculum limits entities concerned about Forestry. desperately wants security in an the number of courses students can This education must be generated environment that increasingly take beyond compulsory courses by people who are knowledgeable cannot provide it. and therefore may not allow for about Forestry and then delivered exploration of subjects that may to the students who need it. There Forestry is a career which seems to lead to Forestry like Geography are a number of methods of be in an ebb at the moment. In the (Grade 12 University/College delivery of this information. The author’s home area of Northwestern Environment and Resource provision of current resource Ontario there are very few Management) and extra Sciences. materials (e.g. videos, displays, applicants to Forestry at either the This is especially true of small interactive CDs) for use in Grade 10 university or college level. This, in centres who must limit the number Career Studies Courses to expose an area with steep tradition in of course offerings due to school students to Forestry would be working in the woodlands. Students size and funding. Many students helpful. An example of this type of base their career decisions on admit they just don’t know enough resource is one that has been various factors; what’s hot and about Forestry in general and developed by the Registered what’s not, job security, salary, how because of that are unlikely to Nurses of Ontario to promote long post-secondary training will choose it as a profession. Nursing. Recently the writer take and how much it will cost, what • Students are not overly aware of received a new CD ROM produced their friends are going to do, the post-secondary programs by Lakehead University Faculty of parental influence, and not available. Many institutions do not Forestry and the Forest surprisingly, the prestige of the job. send supplementary information Environment called “Clearcut?” that Unfortunately, the sources of about Forestry programs to the can be used in the Geography information regarding these factors schools. Few students recognize a classroom or in the Guidance are not always factual and Forestry degree or dilploma as Department. This type of resource sometimes students make choices being one of their options and many is invaluable. Perhaps the based on myths they have heard. don’t even know such a degree or organization that takes on this type Our collective job as Guidance diploma exists. of project could look at the current Counsellors and partners in • Although today’s student sees the Ontario Curriculum, in particular in education, members of the Forestry environment as being a critical Geography and Science and see community, post-secondary issue for their generation, many where it could make a contribution institutions and parents must be to don’t want to assume responsibility in human and media resources to provide as much factual and clear for its use and misuse. They do not support teachers in career information about what Forestry want the political or social development of students in Grades entails in order to have the controversy that comes attached. 7 and 8, for it is at this level that occupation continue to be seen as • The public persona of Forestry seeds are being sown for further a viable choice by today’s youth. companies (this not to be confused career exploration, both in the with Foresters themselves) is not classroom and in Teacher Adviser Let’s examine some of the realities always enviable. Although Programs. Formation of a Speakers for students whether they be fact or companies do their best to support Bureau would be another helpful fiction. In casual conversation with local interests, they are sometimes tool as having an active list (active students, some of reasons they seen as self-serving and not is key as a stale dated list is not state that they have not considered employee centred. (Continued on page 7) Forestry as a career are as follows: • The number of government jobs • Parents who currently work in the has dwindled and although students Page 6. The Future of Forestry People in the forest industry are There are ways that all these (Continued from page 6) wondering why there is a decline in negative perceptions can be turned helpful as we have frequently post secondary forestry enrolment. around by educating students discovered in trying to access a Being a student in a secondary across Canada. A lot of students highly transient group of people) of school, it seems it may be because want to be doctors, lawyers, police speakers who will visit a classroom nobody knows what a forester is, officers or work in the jobs that they and talk about forestry would be never mind what they do. I asked have known about since they were beneficial. Students love to hear many classmates of mine what they kids. Maybe if kids were educated messages from people other than thought a forester was and what from an earlier age they would their teachers for variety. Affiliating they thought a forester did. Living dream of becoming a forester with the post-secondary institutions in a small town where forestry is because they would have more to promote Forestry as a program what makes the town run, you time to think about it. The impact of of choice would be a good idea. would think that most students fewer students becoming foresters Post-Secondary schools visit High would know what a forester is. This could be very dramatic. If there is a Schools on a regular basis to meet was not the case! I had students decline in foresters to the point that with students and if those tell me that it was everything from there are not enough to manage the institutions send someone from a an SUV to a person who cuts down forests of Canada it could turn out particular program to speak to trees. Not one student could give to be a big mess! I'm sure that students, it helps to create interest me the correct answer. If most there would be other ways to make and buzz. students from a forestry town do not sure that the forest is sustained, but know what a forester is then it might you have to wonder about the It is not enough to provide training be safe to say that a student from quality of the job. for an occupation. There must be downtown Toronto would not know exposure, excitement, and interest what one does and would not want The post secondary enrolment in generated to encourage students to to become one. forestry education might be follow a path. Give them this and improved through greater education then let them decide! There are other reasons why of students before they have students aren't looking to forestry selected their majors in high school. Rosemary Robertson as a career. It is extremely hard to Guidance Head find a job after you graduate. When Amy Mantey St. Thomas Aquinas High School you research the career it sounds Grade 11 Student Kenora, Ontario boring and dry, with a lot of paper Dryden High School Vice President Legislation work. It doesn't really draw the Ontario School Counsellors’ people that want to spend most of Association their time outside, only to find out that you spend most of your time in an office. Errors and Omissions Insurance: Do you have yours yet? The Ontario Professional Foresters Association (O.P.F.A.) offers a group Errors and Omissions insurance policy to its members through LMS PROLINK Insurance Group and a master insurance policy underwritten by Lombard. This covers liability for suits initiated in Canada for alleged claims of professional malpractice occurring in Canada. For more information or an application form, call the O.P.F.A. office at 705-436-2226 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Page 7. Whither the Professional Forest Practitioner? There is an initiative underway encompassing aboriginal issues, worthy of the R.P.F. designation? across Canada, through the emphasizing communications and It can be argued that that should be Canadian Federation of embracing new science, and the case. But it can also be argued Professional Foresters Associations although the emphases and career that, yes, one needs an (CFPFA), to review the academic paths open to university graduates understanding of these topics but requirements for registration or in a broad array of forestry and not everyone has to have the depth licensure as a professional forester near-forestry fields has expanded of background that is commonly (R.P.F.) or, in Quebec, a forest enormously in the last decade or provided at a school of forestry to engineer (ing.f.). As a member so, the basic academic undertake all types of jobs that the association of the CFPFA, the requirements for registration or field of forestry now encompasses. OPFA has been prominent in the licensure as a professional forester discussions that have taken place have changed little. Certainly, that Does it make sense to be so over the nearly two years since the is the case in Ontario, but it is the stringent? Is this an appropriate undertaking was begun. Dialogue case with most, if not all, of the circumstance for today’s fields of has been sporadic, however, and other professional associations as forestry practice where we have progress, to the intended end, has well. There has been tinkering, but need for trained forest GIS/GPS been slow-paced. It will be some there has been little substantive experts, forest conservationists, time yet before consensus is updating of the profession. The forest wildlife managers, wood reached amongst the associations things that defined a forester forty scientists, forest recreationists, but it would seem clear that, for a years ago are, essentially, the forest ecologists and a host of other number of reasons, the topic must same things that define a forester areas of expertise to ensure that a be thoroughly discussed and the today. forest landscape is properly ramifications of action, or inaction, managed? Even a graduate forest thoroughly considered. (One of the The OPFA has 17 science and engineer from UNB is not reasons that it will take time to work management subject areas in which considered to have the necessary through is that, because of the it requires expert knowledge before academic credentials in any Mutual Recognition Agreement, to a person can be licensed in the province in which the profession is which the OPFA is a signatory, province. There are no other regulated other than New there must be agreement amongst subject areas which can be Brunswick. And this despite the all CFPFA members as to what substituted. You either have this claim of some employers that the academic standards are acceptable training, or you don’t, and if you UNB forest engineering graduate is, for registration or licensure across don’t you are not academically in many ways, better equipped to the country’s seven professional qualified to be licensed. There are begin forest practice upon forester jurisdictions.) no gray areas. If you have a graduation than are graduates from forestry degree but have acquired traditional forestry programs. Can What are the essential academic standing in only 15 of the required we continue to claim that the requirements of a professional 17 subject areas, you must make traditional forester is the only forester, those things that up the other two before you can be person properly trained to practice differentiate a forester from an licensed. in the broader field of forestry? Are engineer, or a veterinarian, or a we as a profession prepared to physiotherapist? There must be But in what areas must one not be continue to exclude practitioners of some unique core of knowledge lacking? Forest hydrology is one. these related forestry fields from the that a forester must have that Tree physiology is one. Forest practice of professional forestry enables one to do one’s assigned economics is one. Forest until we as traditionalists are forestry tasks, knowledge not pathology is one. I have heard marginalized? shared by the engineering well-recognized foresters denounce profession or the medical each one of these as a The engineers have many different profession. That is what is at the “requirement”. Heaven forbid, there fields of practice. All engineers heart of the debate that the CFPFA are those who even question must have a core background in the has entered into. silviculture and dendrology as topics that make an engineer an essential. It depends on what it is engineer. But beyond that there The rather astonishing fact is that, they are doing, is the usual (Continued on page 10) although university forestry pronouncement. But don’t we all programs have evolved over time, have to have a solid grounding in incorporating more scientific detail, each of these “critical” areas to be Page 8. The Future of Forestry Education - MNR’s Perspective In 2003, the Ontario Ministry of quality of the people entering the effective actions that take Natural Resources (MNR) met with program may decline. The worst advantage of the synergies the Deans of the Association case scenario is that Ontario (and provided by collaboration. University Forestry Schools in perhaps other provinces) may lose Interested organizations, including Canada (AUFSC), regarding their its only undergraduate forestry the Ontario Forestry Association concerns over declining enrolment program before enrolment (OFA), the Canadian Institute of in university forestry programs. increases. Forestry (CIF), AUFSC, MNR committed to take these professional associations, concerns to the Canadian Council The second school of thought, the government, the forest industry, of Forest Ministers (CCFM). As a one that MNR subscribes to, is that First Nations, municipalities and result, the MNR on behalf of, and in a forestry program that provides others, need to work together to collaboration with CCFM members, quality graduate foresters is too increase forestry school enrolment conducted an employer demand important to the economy of Ontario at a national level. If no initiative is survey that examined the and the communities of northern forthcoming at the national level, implications of a declining Ontario to leave solely to market then the approach should be taken enrolment trend on employers and forces. A proactive response that provincially. the need for foresters in the future. pursues increasing the enrolment of The results of the survey were good students in forestry programs A key question is, why there is a reported in the December, 2004 is essential. Employers will ensure declining enrolment in forestry issue of The Professional Forester. they meet their obligations and will schools? It is not an easy one to also ensure they get the right answer. Many forces are acting that The national survey revealed that people. may be causing declining declining enrolment, coupled with a enrolment. A misunderstanding of 3% increase in demand over the As one of its proactive responses, the profession, such as the next three to nine years, will create MNR annually compiles a Forester perception that foresters are simply a shortage of foresters. The Roster, a list of top forester loggers rather than professionals shortage will firstly affect the federal candidates that are about to involved in natural resource government, followed by Ontario graduate or who have recently management, ecology, high tech or and B.C. Similar trends are graduated in Canada. Top growth areas such as bio- apparent for forest technicians, and candidates on the 2004 Roster technology/bio-energy and carbon more dramatically the forest labour found jobs much sooner than they sequestration; a simple lack of sector. have in the past. The forest awareness; a multitude of career industry is now also actively using choices; perception of poor There are two schools of thought on the roster to help them hire new employment prospects due to how the declining enrolment issue employees. Efforts with regard to negative media coverage such as might be addressed. The first is to the Forester Roster suggest we the softwood lumber dispute, mill allow the market to address the may be seeing the beginning of a shutdowns, industry rationalization, shortage. As supply diminishes skill shortage trend already. and other factors may be and demand increases, forester contributing. jobs may begin to fetch premium How should the enrolment issue be salaries, resulting in increased addressed? There has been a lack The CCFM survey suggests that enrolment in schools for the well of leadership on this issue at a there may not be enough qualified paying jobs. This approach is not national level. We believe that it is graduates in the future. The job of without its risks. During the period important that there be a a forester has become increasingly of declining enrolment, universities coordinated approach. There have complex. Perhaps it is time to may be forced to cutback on been multiple, separate and short- consider modifying curricula and expensive aspects of forestry term initiatives that may result in professional standards to provide programs in order to save them; the universities competing for the same opportunities for forestry students to quality of the course content may students, but not increasing the specialize. Some provinces decline; program rigour and overall pool of interest in the (Continued on page 10) assessment may decline in order to profession. A coordinated attract more students and the approach will result in more cost Page 9. (Continued from page 9) (Continued from page 8) recognize two or more different are many fields of engineering, areas of specialty, such as forest each with its own unique set of engineering and forest academic requirements. That management. It may be time to profession does not recognize a consider allowing students to person, professionally, as a specialize in ecology, modelling, chemical engineer, or an electrical GIS, operations, forest products, engineer, or a software engineer. and others. While the core program The common thread is that they are would remain the same, students all engineers, first and foremost, would be able to choose a stream with specialization in any number of to specialize in that would appeal to engineering fields. As a profession their particular interests. which is approaching a century of practice in Canada, are we not There are some positive signs that ready to embrace the fact that there enrolment concerns and future are many career paths in forestry, forestry education will be tackled. each requiring a somewhat different The topic has garnered the interest set of academic requirements? of top levels of government, forest industry, universities, and national There’s no doubt in my mind that and professional forestry we are. But that’s just one associations. The issues are being forester’s opinion! explored and discussed vigorously. Lorne F. Riley, R.P.F. MNR is committed to contribute to dialogue and to actively support coordinated efforts. MNR initiated the Forester Roster to promote awareness of potential employment opportunities in Ontario, and, more recently, the Forester Intern Program, designed to recruit Canada’s best forestry graduates. It is also involved on a number of other fronts, such as contributing to public forestry education through the OFA, Lakehead University’s forestry marketing strategy, and 2005 OPFA Annual General Meeting advising various schools on curricula. Like other employers, we await leadership on this issue to The 2005 OPFA Annual General Meeting will be held in Timmins on April emerge, preferably at the national 27, 28 and 29. The theme for the meeting is “Communications” and topics level. will include OPFA responsibilities, communication skills, and today’s technology. Dan Puddister Co-Ordinator, This year’s AGM Committee is comprised of Pierre Corbeil, Nick Forest Management Competency Gooderham, Bob Jackman, Gord King, Krista Mayrand, Dave Millson, Sue Program, MNR Millson, George Stanclik, Rob Tomchick, Greg Corrigal, Kirsten Corrigal, Denis Gagnon, David Flood, and Don Bazeley. Look for updates posted on the website (www.opfa.ca). The draft agenda is on page 16. Page 10. The Price of Delay and Ignoring a Member’s Prior History Editor’s Note: The OPFA office follows. Mr. Belhassen had been a undeniable. … Such [an receives the newsletter “Grey lawyer for many years. He had a investigative and discipline] Areas” from Steinecke Maciura number of difficulties with the process requires time, care and LeBlanc, a law firm practicing in the regulating Barreau, and was tact to do this job. It will field of professional regulation. currently under a tutoring sometimes displease some Articles from this newsletter will arrangement by a senior member of people, whatever the outcome occasionally be reprinted in The the profession. Ms. Finney was a of the case. Professional Forester in the centre former client of Mr. Belhassen. She pull out for members’ reference. was facing troubling and even The Court also acknowledged that threatening legal proceedings from the regulators have immunity for A common criticism of regulators is him. She complained to the their actions taken in good faith: that they take too long to act. The Barreau. The Barreau also received June 10, 2004 Supreme Court of information from the courts about because of the difficulties and Canada decision of Finney v. Mr. Belhassen’s unusual conduct. risks to which the professional Barreau du Québec, 2004 SCC 36 The Barreau’s oversight body, the orders are exposed in indicates that regulators might be Office des professions, also performing their various held liable for damages when they inquired as to what it was doing functions, the legislature has take too long to act in an urgent about Mr. Belhassen. Despite these granted them immunity for acts case. A delay of just one year might indications of serious ongoing engaged in in good faith in the attract liability in some concerns, the Barreau took over a performance of their duties or circumstances. year to initiate proceedings to functions. obtain an interim suspension of his The Supreme Court also practice privileges. The Court then discussed the commented on an issue that is concept of bad faith, which must be troubling to many regulators. Ms. Finney sued for damages. established for civil liability. It Regulators are reluctant to review concluded that gross carelessness the past history of a member when The Court recognized the difficulties or serious negligence may, in some deciding whether or not to take of being a regulator. It stated: circumstances at least, result in an disciplinary action against him or inference of bad faith: her. The concern is that the As I noted earlier, the member should be assessed solely professional orders governed on the current allegation before by the Professional Code (Continued on page 12) them. Some have argued that since perform significant, diverse and the Discipline Committee cannot often difficult social functions. look at the prior history when To achieve their fundamental determining whether or not the objective of supervising the member engaged in professional practice of their profession, Attention Members misconduct, the referring committee professional orders exercise should not look at it either. regulatory powers, manage The centre pull out of The complex administrative systems Professional Forester continues However, the Supreme Court and, on occasion, through the to contain important disagrees. Not only did the Court actions of committees, perform information that you may want suggest that those screening to save in a separate binder. adjudicative functions. allegations must consider the past Topics in this section will history of the member (to determine include Grey Areas as well as The difficulties inherent in the information that the O.P.F.A. is whether there is a pattern of exercise of the powers of legally obligated to provide to conduct requiring urgent action), it professional inspection and members as a result of the imputed to the screening committee discipline, in particular, for a knowledge of that past history when advent of licensing. body such as the Barreau are assessing civil liability. The facts may be summarized as Page 11. centre pull out Mar., 2005 (Continued from page 11) Barreau, in a clearly urgent competence, and had stated its What, then, constitutes bad situation in which a practising concerns in that respect in the faith? Does it always lawyer represented a real clearest terms possible. In any correspond to intentional fault? danger to the public, was one of event, the Executive Committee The courts do not appear to such negligence and had decided that it was equate the state or acts of bad indifference that it cannot claim necessary, at the very least, to faith squarely with a the immunity conferred by s. subject Belhassen to a demonstrated intent to harm 193. The very serious supervision period, which was another or, consequently, to carelessness it displayed still in effect when McCullock- require evidence of intentional amounts to bad faith, and it is Finney again went to the fault…. liable for the results. Barreau in early 1993. The Barreau and its Syndic had to These difficulties nevertheless When it comes to liability for have been aware of this show that the concept of bad negligence, a distinction used to be situation and must have taken it faith can and must be given a made between administrative into account in considering the broader meaning that failures (e.g., failure to salt or sand complaint and making a encompasses serious a icy road) and exercises of decision on it. In spite of the carelessness or recklessness. discretion, policy or adjudication necessary administrative Bad faith certainly includes (e.g., whether to revoke a separation between discipline intentional fault…. However, member’s licence or to give him or and professional inspection, the recklessness implies a her another chance to reform). Barreau had knowledge of fundamental breakdown of the Liability tends to be more common everything that Belhassen had orderly exercise of authority, to in the former and less common in done and of his record of the point that absence of good the latter. The Supreme Court professional misconduct. faith can be deduced and bad appears to have resurrected this faith presumed. The act, in distinction. While one might be tempted to terms of how it is performed, is distinguish the Finney case on the then inexplicable and I would point out, however, that basis that it is founded on Québec’s incomprehensible, to the point we need not make a finding as Civil Code, the Court indicated that it can be regarded as an to the legal principles that otherwise. The Court also indicated actual abuse of power, having would apply to the exercise of that this decision was consistent regard to the purposes for adjudicative functions by bodies with its recent decisions in Edwards which it is meant to be such as the committees on and Cooper in which a very exercised (Dussault and L. discipline and the Professions different approach to the duty of Borgeat, supra, at p. 485). Tribunal. care by regulators appears to have been taken. Gross or serious carelessness The Court also commented on the is incompatible with good faith. need for regulatory bodies to As the respondent pointed out, It may therefore be concluded examine the past history of a in common law, the Barreau that, in the case of the exercise member when investigating or would have been no less liable of these case management screening concerns: in the circumstances of this powers, the requirement that case if the analysis adopted by the performance or failure to At the point when fresh this Court in Edwards v. Law perform an act have been complaints were made by the Society of Upper Canada, committed in bad faith is not a respondent, the Barreau had to  3 S.C.R. 562, 2001 CSC bar to an action in damages have been aware of 80, and Cooper v. Hobart, against a professional order…. Belhassen's problematic  3 S.C.R. 537, 2001 CSC professional history. In the 79, had been applied. The The virtually complete absence language of criminal law, he decisions made by the Barreau of the diligence called for in the had a record. He had were operational decisions and situation amounted to a fault committed disciplinary offences were made in a relationship of consisting of gross and had been found guilty of proximity with a clearly carelessness and serious them. Furthermore, the identified complainant, where negligence. Professional Inspection the harm was foreseeable. The Committee had conducted a common law would have been The Court went on to apply that test lengthy investigation into his no less exacting than Quebec to the facts of this case. It found as professional practices and (Continued on page 14) follows: The attitude exhibited by the Page 12. centre pull out Mar., 2005 Stop the Interruptions! It is tempting for a practitioner administrative tribunals. Rather than bring a motion to the facing a proceeding to challenge Fragmentation causes both Discipline Committee for a ruling on the legitimacy or fairness of it in delay and distracting the disclosure of the documents the court beforehand. Such a challenge interruptions in administrative accountants brought an application can avoid a long hearing and the proceedings. It is preferable, for judicial review and claimed that publicity that might accompany it. It therefore, to allow such matters the Institute was legally required to can help preserve the practitioner’s to run their full course before file with the court the “record” of reputation that he or she believes the tribunal and then consider documents before the Professional might be damaged if the hearing all legal issues arising from the Competence Committee. The court proceeds to its conclusion. It is not proceedings at their conclusion. observed as follows: uncommon for a practitioner facing a regulatory proceeding to feel that The court also said that Ms. Coady It was clear then, as it is now, he or she was not treated with had a full right of appeal at the end that the main purpose of the complete fairness. In some cases of the hearing and that provided a motion was to secure further there may be some tactical reasons more complete ability for her to production of documents which for trying to put the regulator on trial challenge any adverse decision. the respondent claims were first: the best defence is a good privileged. offence. Other courts have also commented on the possibility that the judicial The court refused to order the filing However, as has been shown in review might be a waste of time if of the record. The case can be three recent Ontario cases, the the regulatory hearing is in fact found at: www.canlii.org/on/cas/ courts have become increasingly decided in the practitioner’s favour. onscdc/2004/2004onscdc10466.ht reluctant to interrupt regulatory ml. proceedings. Courts are They have also commented on the consistently dismissing such benefits of the court having all of The third case was also decided by applications for judicial review the evidence before it (which does the Ontario Divisional Court: without even considering their not generally occur until the Bhardwaj v. College of Physicians merits on the basis of prematurity. regulatory hearing has been and Surgeons of Ontario, 2004 Absent exceptional circumstances, completed). Courts have also noted CanLII 39020. Dr. Bhardwaj was a court will require the practitioner that on many issues (e.g., those being assessed by the Quality to complete the regulatory process related to the profession) the court Assurance Committee of the before permitting it to be challenged benefits from having the tribunal’s College. The Committee was in court. reasons. For all these reasons, it is sufficiently concerned about his vastly preferable not to interrupt competence that it directed the The first of those cases illustrates regulatory proceedings. issue be brought to the College’s the rationale for the increasingly Executive Committee for firm court position. In Coady v. Law A copy of the Coady case can be consideration of disciplinary action. Society of Upper Canada, 2004 found at: www.canlii.org/on/cas/ CanLII 35001, the Ontario Division onscdc/2004/2004onscdc12492.ht The Executive Committee was not Court was reviewing a discipline ml. entitled to review the background hearing that had been going on for information obtained by the Quality three years. It was now in the midst In the second case, Barrington v. Assurance Committee, so it of motion by Ms. Coady to reopen Institute of Chartered Accountants, appointed an investigator to look the discipline hearing. She 2004 CanLII 34623, some into the concerns. Dr. Bhardwaj challenged a number of orders chartered accountants were brought an application for judicial relating to disclosure, procedural referred by the Professional review to set aside the appointment rulings and jurisdictional Conduct Committee to discipline. of the investigator. The court stated determinations. The Court held as The accountants wanted the as follows: follows: Institute to disclose certain documents which the Institute For some time now the claimed were legally privileged. (Continued on page 14) Divisional Court has, as I have indicated, taken the position that it should not fragment proceedings before Page 13. centre pull out Mar., 2005 UK Forester Seeking Professional Exchange/ Employment Opportunity in Ontario Summary married with 3 children under 7 historic villages and market towns. I am an English forester seeking an years old opportunity to practice forestry in I am responsible for the day to day Ontario for a period of 1 – 2 years My job management of geographic area as part of job exchange or fixed I am currently employed as an Area (Beat) of plantation forest and term contract. If you are a qualified Forester with the Forestry woodlands totalling approximately forester in Ontario interested in a Commission. The Forestry 2500ha. I am charged with the professional exchange to the UK, or Commission is the UK Government planning, organising and you are interested in employing a agency through which forest policy management of all activities on the British trained forester please read in Great Britain is delivered. It is Beat, e.g. forest operations (timber on. responsible for the management of harvesting/sales, restocking, the Public Forest Estate, the establishment & maintenance), About me formulation of forest policy, biodiversity/conservation work, public recreation provision, cultural • Graduated with B.Sc. (honours) administering to the private forestry sector and conducting research. It heritage management, civic Forest Management (University has achieved FSC certification for Christmas tree harvesting. I also of Aberdeen, 1996) the sustainable management of the have input into the production of • 2 years of forest management, Public Forest Estate. Forest Design Plans and land utility arboriculture & landscape agency/estate matters. maintenance with private forestry company At present I work in a rural part of central England from an office Most operational programmes are • 6 ½ years of forest undertaken on a contract basis, in management in the public based at Ludlow, Shropshire. This area is well known for having which case I act as Contract forestry sector Manager. I am reporting officer / beautiful rolling agricultural and • British citizen, 32 years of age, (Continued on page 24) wooded landscapes and pretty, (Continued from page 13) I find the balance of (Continued from page 12) I find no serious issue to be convenience favours the law on this point. tried. Nothing has happened College. The protection of the other than an order to public is paramount. If Dr. Regulators need to examine their investigate. No decision has Bhardwaj is incompetent (which investigation and screening system been made that would support has not been established), in order to avoid civil liability. Urgent a request for judicial there is a serious risk of harm cases must be processed quickly review….No irreparable harm to his patients. It is the and the past history of the member can be caused by the College's statutory duty to should be considered. investigation. The doctor will ensure this does not happen. not lose his livelihood as a The application could not be A copy of the Finney case may be result of the investigation. The more premature. found at: www.canlii.org/ca/cas/ results will be considered by the scc/2004/2004scc36.html. Executive Committee, which The Bhardwaj case can be found will decide to either refer the at: www.canlii.org/on/cas/ doctor to the Quality Assurance onscdc/2004/2004onscdc10484.ht Committee, or to the Discipline ml. Committee, or to take no action. Before the Discipline These three recent cases send a Committee, there is a right to a strong message that practitioners full hearing including a right of must complete the regulatory appeal. Page 14. centre pull out Mar., 2005 Meet the New Executive Director of the OPFA As most members know by now Tony started his career in 1965 with Rick Monzon, R.P.F. our Executive the Conservation Authorities Director will be retiring as of Branch of the Dept of Energy and February 28, 2005. Rick has guided Resources Management. Following the OPFA as we’ve grown into a field and management positions self-regulating profession. His with the Conservation Branch, Tony leadership over the past six years helped design the new Ministry of has created a standard of Natural Resources in 1972. He excellence that will continue to played a key role in restructuring define the management and the Civil Service Commission and regulation of professional forestry in later worked in senior management this province for many years to with the Administrative Services come. He has significantly Branch in Central Agencies and the contributed to the success and Ministry of Energy. growth of the OPFA during his tenure. We wish him every success Since leaving the civil service, Tony in the future. has worked with a range of municipal, provincial and federal I am pleased to announce that organizations. He was CEO of the Council has selected Mr. I.H. (Tony) Municipal Electric Association, a Jennings, R.P.F. as our new Tony Jennings, R.P.F. leading, advocacy and service Executive Director and Registrar enterprise, for twelve years. He effective March 1, 2005. cites as a personal career highlight regulated organizations and a seconded assignment in 1986– Tony is a Registered Professional not-for-profit enterprises. We 1988 when he acted as the Forester (number 745), Certified welcome his unique talents to our Executive Director of what is now Mediator and Coach (Business), Association and look forward to his the Governor General's Canadian who has a career-long record of contributions in the years to come. Leadership Conference. This effective leadership in government, (Continued on page 17) Letter to the Editor Re: Intensive Forest Management methods, Ontario stumpage values forest management. are too low, our growth rates are I read Mac Squires' article on too slow, and our rotation ages too The fact remains that, historically, intensive forest management in the long to provide an acceptable rate Ontario forest practices have December issue with great interest. of return. improved where the Crown has insisted on higher standards and I found Mac's argument that greater Do the math. There isn't a financial not where it has granted greater tenure would result in greater wood institution in this country that would tenure. Of course, the higher costs supply to be flawed in two lend money for intensive forest associated with higher standards ways. First of all, the notion that management for the simple reason must be balanced by lower long-term silvicultural investments that it isn't economic. This is why stumpage rates if the industry is to on public lands can be made the forest industry in Ontario treats remain competitive. So, in the end, secure by any form of government forest management as an operating it is the landowner (in this case, the tenure would have to be regarded expense and not as an public) who bears the cost of with skepticism by any investment. Obviously, a (Continued on page 21) investor. The devil is always in the commodity-oriented industry like details. Secondly, when subjected Ontario's must always be conscious to normal financial analysis of its costs, including the cost of Page 15. 48th Annual OPFA Conference April 27 – 29, 2005 Timmins, Ontario Communications “Building Stronger Connections” April 27, 7 PM – 11 PM • Icebreaker Evening Social at Shania Twain Centre (shuttle service provided) • Enjoy social networking with your colleagues April 28, Days Inn, 8 AM - • Tradeshow all day – showcasing today’s latest technology for professionals • Morning Presentations - Guest speakers will provide valuable information on why we communicate, whom we communicate with, and how to do it • Afternoon Concurrent Sessions: The Powerful Presentation, Becoming an Effective Listener, Dealing With Conflicts, Networking Effectively, and Communicating With the Media • Evening Banquet Dinner and Keynote Speaker World Class Communications Expert Dr. Robert Buckman – “How to Become an Effective Communicator But Still Stay Stupid” April 29, Days Inn, 7:30 AM – 3 PM • CIF Breakfast • Morning Presentations - Media Successes and Failures, Real Life Consultation Stories, Communicating to the World Stage • Afternoon OPFA Business Meeting (closed to the public) This year’s Conference Committee is comprised of Pierre Corbeil, Nick Gooderham, Bob Jackman, Gord King, Krista Mayrand, Dave Millson, Sue Millson, George Stanclik, Rob Tomchick, Greg Corrigal, Kirsten Corrigal, Denis Gagnon, and Don Bazeley. Professional foresters and guests are invited to meet in Timmins to learn about the who, what, why, and how of communications. For more information on the Annual Conference including the tradeshow, agenda, concurrent sessions, or registration, please visit our website at www.opfa.ca. For more information on the Keynote Speaker, Dr. Robert Buckman, go to www.thelavinagency.com/canada/ robertbuckman.html Special arrangements or accommodations are available upon request. Draft agenda, subject to change. Page 16. Ontario to Expand Training for Foreign-Trained Professionals The following, issued by Canadian Press, reports on the awarding by the Ontario Government of $5.8 million to help internationally trained people find employment in Ontario. You will recall that the December, 2004 The Professional Forester contained an article on an OPFA initiative aimed at assisting internationally trained candidates to achieve their R.P.F. status in Ontario. A point in this article was the fact that the OPFA was seeking funding assistance from the Ontario Government to create our new International Candidates section on the website. The good news is that the Association has been awarded $15,000 to assist in the construction of the new section and development of associated material. The Association is now working with a technology consultant to assist in completing the project. Canadian Press, January 25, 2005 TORONTO (CP) -- Ontario will spend $5.8 million over the next three years to help internationally trained people find employment in the province, government officials announced Tuesday. The money will fund 15 new training programs designed to help up to 1,400 foreign-trained individuals. "The new bridge training projects will provide ... the skills they need to be licensed to practice or work in their chosen profession,'' Minister Training, Colleges and Universities Mary Anne Chambers said in a statement. The programs won't duplicate the education and training people already received, Chambers added. The training will be available to health care professionals such as optometrists, pharmacists, social workers and nurses, Chambers said. Foresters, university professors, teachers and French-speaking professionals can also benefit from the programs. "The bridge training project ... is a positive step towards helping us serve the needs of an increasingly diverse community and will broaden the pool of talent available to organizations in the mental health field,'' Steve Lurie, executive director of the Canadian Mental Health Association's Toronto branch, said in a statement. Last November, the Ontario government announced that internationally trained medical graduates living in the province would get more help as they work to get their licences to practice here. The province said it would spend $1.7 million over three years on two programs to help foreign-trained medical graduates. (Continued from page 15) invaluable to the OPFA in the years challenging event created an ahead. Please join the OPFA indelible mark on Tony’s passion for Council in welcoming him to our leading and for enhancing organization. leadership. Tony continues to work as a volunteer with this conference, Craig Howard, R.P.F. and speaks with great enthusiasm President of the potential of Canada’s professionals to contribute globally. Tony's experience, knowledge, and passion for service will be Page 17. Resources to Learn About Aboriginal Issues in Forest Management in Canada, with an Emphasis on Ontario Definitions Resources section with their Great There are two major groups of At the national level, the Assembly Earth Law under Laws and Policies) “Aboriginal people” (as defined by of First Nations (AFN) represents and the Union of Ontario Indians or Sec. 35 of the Constitution Act, status Indian communities (or “First Anishinabek Nation (representing 1982) involved in forest lands and Nations” - there are approximately 43 First Nations in the Robinson- resources issues in Canada: 640) in Canada. About 80% of Superior and Robinson-Huron “Indians” (those who are registered these communities lie within the treaty areas - see as Status Indians under the Indian commercial forest zone in Canada. www.anishinabek.ca/, especially Act) and Metis. If you’re confused The AFN works with NAFA at times their Intergovernmental Affairs about terminology, you’re not alone! on forestry issues, and also section which deals with lands and The Department of Indian Affairs addresses environmental issues at resources). Most of these websites and Northern Development has a different levels within their list their member First Nations, a useful website to add to the organization. See the Environment, few of which may have lands and confusion. See “Words First: An International and Treaties and resources staff. There are also a Evolving Terminology Relating to Lands section of the AFN website number of “unaffiliated” First Aboriginal Peoples in at www.afn.ca/ Nations in Ontario who do not Canada” (2002) at www.ainc- Assembly_of_First_Nations.htm. belong to a PTO. inac.gc.ca/pr/pub/wf/index_e.html. The AFN Executive Committee is made up of Regional Vice-Chiefs Another level of organization of Aboriginal Political from the provinces and territories. First Nations is Tribal Councils The Ontario Regional Vice-Chief established to encourage groupings Organizations addresses interests of common of First Nations to share technical Both status Indians and the Metis concern to Ontario First Nations resources. Some Tribal Councils in have their own political through the Chiefs of Ontario. Their Ontario have forestry experience. organizations and some of these website at www.chiefs-of- For example, the Mamaweswen or organizations have the capacity to ontario.org/ has a useful interactive North Shore Tribal Council, made deal with natural resource issues, map of Ontario First Nations and up of seven First Nations in or environmental issues more community profiles. Anishinabek Nation has had a broadly. There are also non- Forestry Unit for a number of years. governmental, non-political Provincially, First Nations are organizations addressing forestry. organized into what are called The Metis in Ontario are politically Nationally, the most active is the Provincial Territorial Organizations divided into the Metis Nation of National Aboriginal Forestry (PTOs). In Ontario, there are four Ontario (MNO) at Association (NAFA) at and each of these PTOs addresses www.metisnation.org/ and the www.nafaforestry.org. NAFA has regional lands and resources issues Ontario Metis and Aboriginal been involved in international, on behalf of their member First Association (OMAA) at national and provincial policy Nations. These PTOs include: The www.omaa.org/. The recent Powley arenas since 1991, with numerous Association of Iroquois and Allied court decision recognizing the Metis position papers and programs Indians (AIAI at www.aiai.on.ca/ ), right to hunt is profiled on these addressing increased Aboriginal Nishawbe Aski Nation (representing websites. At the national level MNO participation in forest management. 49 First Nations in Treaties 5 and 9 is affiliated with the Metis National The Centre for Indigenous areas at www.nan.on.ca--see Council (www.metisnation.ca) and Environmental Resources, based in especially their Lands, Resources OMAA with the Congress of Winnipeg, also provides some and the Environment section with Aboriginal Peoples (www.abo- useful on line sources at their Consultation Policy), Grand peoples.org/background/ www.cier.ca. Building Aboriginal Council Treaty #3 (representing 30 (Continued on page 19) Environmental Human Resources First Nation communities in the (BEAHR www.beahr.com/) focuses Treaty #3 area at www.treaty3.ca/-- on capacity building, education and see especially their Natural employment. Page 18. (Continued from page 18) Resources, as a result of the EA www.ualberta.ca/~esimpson/claims/ index.html). Board Decision (1994) on the Class contents.htm Environmental Assessment for Aboriginal women are also Timber Management on Crown Aboriginal Newspapers in politically organized at the national Lands in Ontario, has been making Ontario and provincial levels. In Ontario the efforts to implement the EA Board’s Anishinabek News Ontario Native Women’s Terms and Conditions to improve www.anishinabek.ca/uoi/ Association has been involved in Aboriginal participation in the forest Wawatay News environmental issues and at the sector. An overview of the MNR’s www.wawatay.on.ca/ national level, the Native Women’s approach to Aboriginal Groups in Ontario Birchbark Association of Canada. response to the EA is provided in www.ammsa.com/birchbark/ their State of the Forest Report, Federal Government 2001. See Section 4.1.b.j. Results National Aboriginal Print Programming and of Negotiations with Aboriginal Groups (T&C 77). In the same SOF Media Resources Report, the MNR describes how Windspeaker www.ammsa.com/ The federal government has a small they have attempted to meet the windspeaker/index.htm program, run jointly by the Canadian Council of Forest aboriginaltimes Canadian Forest Service and the Ministers commitments to www.aboriginaltimes.com/ Department of Indian Affairs and Aboriginal peoples in Criterion 6, The First Perspective Northern Development (DIAND) Accepting Ontario’s Social www.firstperspective.ca/ called the First Nation Forestry Responsibilities for Sustainable Program. The FNFP website lists Forest Development. Ontario’s On-Line Aboriginal Sources forestry projects funded by the Forest Management Planning Gathering Place First Nations program which can provide Manual outlines the MNR’s Canadian News information about how individual approach to consultation with www.gatheringplacefirstnationscan First Nations and Tribal Councils Aboriginal communities. There are ews.com/ are involved in the forest sector. very different viewpoints from Turtle Island Native Network See www.fnfp.gc.ca. The federal Aboriginal communities about the www.turtleisland.org/ government also has an Aboriginal success of MNR’s efforts to Canada Portal, with a section on recognize Aboriginal and treaty Some miscellaneous sources to get the Environment and Natural rights and increase Aboriginal an Aboriginal point of view on Resources, providing links to participation in forest-based lands, resources and self- Aboriginal programs and economic opportunities. government: organizations at Dibaujimoh: Bringing News of www.aboriginalcanada.gc.ca/acp/ site.nsf/en-frames/index.html. The Miscellaneous Resources the Chippewas of Nawash www.bmts.com/~dibaudjimoh/ site also has a page on Ontario Union of BC Indian Chiefs First Nations providing links to Maps showing Aboriginal www.ubcic.bc.ca/welcome.htm community websites, DIAND communities, claims and treaty Taiaike Alfred, Indigenous community profiles, and Statistics areas in Canada: Governance Programs, Canada information. There is also The Atlas of Canada http:// University of Victoria useful information on DIAND’s atlas.gc.ca/site/english/sitemap/ www.taiaiake.com/ website in the Publication and index.html Research section at www.ainc- Global Forest Watch Canada Peggy Smith, R.P.F. inac.gc.ca/pr/index_e.html. Interactive Map Lecturer, Faculty of Forestry and www.globalforestwatch.org/english/ the Forest Environment, Lakehead Provincial Government interactive.maps/canada.htm University Programming Chiefs of Ontario Interactive Map In Ontario, the provincial www.chiefs-of-ontario.org/ department responsible for The Aboriginal Mapping Network Aboriginal affairs is the Ontario www.nativemaps.org/ Native Affairs Secretariat which develops the provincial Aboriginal On Historic Treaties Policy and deals with land claims. www.ainc -inac.gc.ca/pr/trts/hti/site/ See maindex_e.html www.nativeaffairs.jus.gov.on.ca/ english/onas.htm. On Land Claims www.ainc -inac.gc.ca/ps/clm/ The Ontario Ministry of Natural index_e.html Page 19. In Memoriam John Hardisty Sellers, R.P.F., 1937 - 2005 John Sellers passed away at his career with the Department of home in Carleton Place, Ontario on Lands and Forests and its January 9 with his wife, Marilyn, at successor, the Ministry of Natural his side. John had suffered from a Resources. John practised in all respiratory ailment for a number of parts of Ontario, from east to west years and had recently had a and from north to south, starting in severe case of pneumonia which Maple District as a Zone Forester had him in hospital just before before moving to Sioux Lookout Christmas. A family service, with a District as a Management Unit few close friends in attendance, Forester. He was promoted to was held January 14 at St. James Timber Supervisor in a move to Anglican Church, followed by a White River District and then celebration of John’s life in the promoted once again to District Parish Hall. In the words of the Manager in Sault Ste. Marie. church group who catered the John’s final position with the event, it was the largest assembly Province was as District Manager in they had ever served. Carleton Place where he and Marilyn made their retirement The words are an apt analogy for home. Throughout his career, John John’s life and career. He was proved to be energetic and larger than life in many ways - a dedicated in the practice of his devoted family man, a caring and profession and in his service to the giving friend, a forester’s forester, public. an avid dancer (square and round), an accomplished woodworker and John was a career-long, active turner, a devout member of the member of the Ontario Professional maintaining the site and ensuring Anglican Church of Canada, an Foresters Association. He joined that the content was accurate and eager webmaster, a (sometimes the Association in February, 1962, current. He received a special frustrated) fisherman, an as soon as he was eligible, and, at citation from the Association in entrepreneur, a helping hand different times during the 1970s, 2001 for his untiring efforts. What wherever and whenever it was was a member of the Nominating was perhaps not well-known was needed ... The list goes on, and and Registration Committees. It that John also maintained up to five John touched the lives of many, was during this period that he also other websites, some for many people while involved in ran for, and became, Councillor for organizations to which he belonged, these numerous interests. the Central East Section for one some for organizations he just term. John was a founding member wanted to help out. John was a After obtaining his Grade 13 and a strong contributor to the self-taught webmaster. Although certificate at North Toronto Recognition and Awards his methods may not have been Collegiate, John entered the Committee, taking responsibility for refined, they were effective and the Faculty of Forestry at the University the Committee’s regular Forester message was always well- of Toronto in the fall of 1957. He Tribute contributions to The conveyed. was an above-average student and Professional Forester. In latter graduated with a B.Sc.F. in 1961. years, it was John’s enthusiasm John was also a long-time member Shortly afterwards, he married and unrelenting cajoling that of the Canadian Institute of Forestry Marilyn Davidge, whom he had met convinced Council to establish a and a faithful participant in the in their teen years through the website when the concept was meetings of the Section wherever Bedford Park United Church Young relatively novel. With the aid of a he lived. As a member of the Peoples. Marilyn was John’s life- number of other enthusiasts, he got Ottawa Valley Section, John was long companion. They were the site up and running. He frustrated by the lack of activity married for 42 years. founded and chaired the Website (Continued on page 21) Committee from its inception and, John worked his entire professional as webmaster, spent many hours Page 20. (Continued from page 20) commented that “I don’t know what passing of John Sellers and many within the Section in the late 1990s I would do if I couldn’t dance”. He have lost a wonderful friend and when it had become moribund. and Marilyn were members of the companion. He will, indeed, be John and a few other members Canadian Square and Round sorely missed. worked hard to revitalize the Dancers Society (CSRDS) for many Section and today it is as active as years and danced two or three Lorne F. Riley, R.P.F. any in the organization. Also, from times each week. John loved to their inception, John was demonstrate dancing and did so at responsible for both the OVS any opportunity, whether it was at a website and newsletter. He was school, at a seniors’ residence, or presented with the CIF’s Tree of on Parliament Hill. He had music in Life Award for his efforts on behalf his feet. In many ways, officially of the Section. and unofficially, he was a strong contributor to the CSRDS. It was In other forestry interests, John was John who arranged for and a member of the Eastern Ontario implemented the program that Model Forest and a certified plan resulted in the dancers’ licence (Continued from page 15) approver under the Province’s plates that one sees in all corners Managed Forest Tax Incentive of Ontario. improving their own land, which is Program, working in the Ottawa only right. (This is not so much an Valley and on Manitoulin Island Although sometimes appearing to argument for the status quo as it is where he and one of his sisters be quite gruff, John was a very for more appropriate standards.) maintained a nearly century-old welcoming, helpful, and amicable family cottage on Lake Manitou. person. He was always amongst Would adding other land uses to Those who sought to have their the first to say hello to the tenure rights improve wood supply, woodlots plans approved by John newcomer. He spent innumerable as suggested by Mac in his article came to know and appreciate the hours helping out at their family and by Ken Armson in the July/ professionalism with which he churches in the various August 2002 issue of Policy looked after their forest communities in which they lived, Options? Or would multi-use land management needs. particularly in Sault Ste. Marie and managers simply focus their efforts Carleton Place. He would often where they would be best rewarded It was while in Sault Ste. Marie that check the church hall late in the and not necessarily on intensive John started repairing broken toys evening to make sure that the door forest management at all? that he collected from local stores was locked after an event, would and making them into children’s worry over leaks in church To test the hypotheses that greater Christmas presents. It was there buildings, and would spend many tenure will result in more intensive also that he began making small hours looking after the church forest management, we have only handcrafted wood items. As his woodlot in Carleton Place or to look to private land. Some forest talents matured, and his interest in helping out with local tree plantings companies spend renewal money woodworking expanded, he by church youth groups. on their own freehold land and gradually assembled a well- some don't. None are practicing equipped shop and became an Neighbours, friends and, often, intensive forest management of the accomplished woodworker, making strangers could count on John to type that would be necessary to larger toys of fine quality, many of lend a helping hand in times of change Ontario's wood supply which were sold at well under need. He rose to the highest office picture. market prices. It was the joy of the in a forest district in Ontario but crafting that was important to him. never failed to involve himself with I hope other readers will join the In this pursuit, John spent many his staff or to be on the front lines debate for a better solution. The hours scouring woodlots, sawmill when trouble arose. alternative is to watch Mac's yards, rough lumber sales, and predictions come true. anywhere else that a likely piece of John is survived by his wife Marilyn, burl or birdseye maple or just plain his daughter Mary Ellen, currently Peter Hynard, R.P.F. good wood could be found. He living in Raxaul, India, and his son RR 3, Minden, Ontario became a member of the [Ottawa] Timothy, of Toronto. He is also Valley Woodturners Association survived by his sisters Mary and and got to meet, and know, many Ruth and was predeceased by a people through the pursuit. brother, Tom. A passion in John’s life was The forestry world has lost a dancing. At one point he dedicated, stellar performer with the Page 21. Coming Events St. John’s Anglican Church (Hwy 9, or email@example.com. OPFA members are reminded 3 km east of Hwy 10) that attendance at these Join us for a full day of experts on April 19-21, 2005 events can contribute to your planting and caring for your tree The 16th Global Warming continuing education credits. seedlings – including matching International Conference species to site, planting techniques, New York City, NY post-planting care (such as For more information go to watering and weed control), www.globalwarming.net. pruning, and common pests and March 1-4, 2005 diseases. Cost: $10 (includes April 19-24, 2005 Partnerships Towards lunch), payable at the door. Pre- Managing Forested Viewscapes: Sustainability: ForestLeadership registration required. For more Public Expectations, Operational Conference information or to register contact Challenges, and International Wyndham Bristol Place Hotel, Greg Bales at 905-713-7410 or Perspectives Toronto, ON firstname.lastname@example.org. Kamloops, BC ForestLeadership aims at For more information contact Tom promoting sustainable forestry by April 16, 2005 Rankin, R.P.F. at developing leadership. The GPS and Wilderness Navigation VRMConference@shaw.ca or 250- conference will provide exceptional Omemee, ON 573-3092. opportunities for discussing one of Sir Sandford Fleming College, in the most exciting trends in partnership with Kawartha April 27-29, 2005 sustainable forestry -- the Conservation and the Otonabee OPFA Annual General Meeting development of multi-stakeholder Region Conservation Authority, is and Conference partnerships towards forest offering a course covering a variety Timmins, ON sustainability. For more information of land-based navigational aids, The theme for the meeting is go to www.ForestLeadership.com. such as GPS, different types of “Communications” and topics will maps, and compass use. include OPFA responsibilities, March 6-8, 2005 Participants must bring a good- communication skills, and today’s U.S.-Canada Forest Products quality compass and writing technology. For more information Trade Symposium materials. For more information call go to page 16 of this newsletter or East Lansing, Michigan 888-269-6929 (course NATR020). www.opfa.ca. The symposium will examine the market relationships and industry April 19-21, 2005 April 30, 2005 trends; impacts of past, current, and Edible Wilds Under the Canopy - Exploring future U.S. trade restrictions; and Omemee, ON Non-timber Forest Products views of and approaches to Huntsville, ON Sir Sandford Fleming College is stumpage pricing in the two offering a half-day workshop on the The twelfth conference in the “Your countries. For more information go health benefits of a selected group Forest Your Choice” conference to www.for.msu.edu/trade or series, “Under the Canopy” of local wild plants. Learn how to contact Runsheng Yin at recognize edible plants commonly examines non-timber forest email@example.com or 517-432-3352. found in this part of Ontario (and products including: traditional First Nations knowledge and uses; which plants to avoid). For more March 13-16, 2005 information call 888-269-6929 economic opportunities; Emerging Issues Along Urban/ (course NATR015). sustainability, forest management Rural Interfaces: Linking Science and regulation issues; co- and Society May 16-27, 2005 management for timber and NTFP; Atlanta, Georgia 5th Session of the United Nations and other topics. A full day of For more information go to seminars is followed by a day of Forum on Forests www.sfws.auburn.edu/ New York City, NY field trips. Special pre-conference urbanruralinterfaces/. For more information go to workshop on April 19. For more information go to www.un.org/esa/forests. April 2, 2005 www.westwindforest.ca, or contact Planting and Caring for Your Maxine Davidson at 705-746-6832 Trees ext. 29 or firstname.lastname@example.org Orangeville, ON or Susan Purves at 705-646-1364 Page 22. June 1-3, 2005 of reforestation and afforestation demonstrate the importance of non- Global Forest & Paper Summit around the world; 2. Nursery timber forest products. For more 2005: Non-Timber Forest methodologies to produce target information call the Centre for Non- Products seedlings; 3. Planting and planting Timber Resources at 250-391-2600 Vancouver, BC site treatments to optimize ext. 4328 or go to For more information go to: regeneration and; 4. Enhancing www.ntfpconference.ca. www.globalforestpapersummit.com timber production and non-timber or contact the Forest Products values through stand establishment October 19-23, 2005 Association of Canada at For more information go to: 2005 SAF National Convention email@example.com www.forestrenewal.ca/ Fort Worth, TX or 613-563-1441. thingreenline/ or contact Sonia For more information go to Gellert at firstname.lastname@example.org or www.safnet.org or contact June 12-16, 2005 807-345-5445 ext. 34. Madelaine Morgan at Ecosystem Management - Can email@example.com or 301-897- We Conserve the Pieces While August 19-25, 2005 8720 Ext: 111 Managing the Matrix? 5th North CIF/IFC AGM and Conference American Forest Ecology Prince Albert, SK Workshop For more information contact Aylmer, PQ Andrea Atkinson at 306-953-2448 For more information go to or firstname.lastname@example.org. www.unites.uqam.ca/gref/ nafew2005/. August 25-27, 2005 If you know of an event you A Future Beneath the Trees: would like to see listed here, July 26-28, 2005 Building Communities with Non- please contact the Editor at The Thin Green Line: A Timber Forest Products forestmanager@ Symposium on the State-of-the- Victoria, BC dufferinmuseum.com. Art in Reforestation This international conference will Thunder Bay, ON include seminars, a trade show, There will be four themes: 1. Status exhibits, and field trips to Page 23. Publications Mail Agreement Number 40026838 Undeliverable copies can be sent to: 8000 Yonge St., Unit #3 Innisfil, ON L9S 1L5 Member News Deceased (Continued from page 14) team leader for four direct staff, John Sellers #593 John McClelland #531 consisting of two Forest Operatives, a Forestry Works Supervisor and a 2005 OPFA Annual Resigned Wildlife Ranger. General Meeting Bruce Bodie #1546 My post would give an excellent Greg Curniski #1771 overview of British multi-purpose The 2005 OPFA Annual General Shawn Dunlop #1977 forestry for an Ontario forester Meeting will be held in Timmins Gordon Franklin #1488 wanting to undertake a professional John Irwin #857 on April 27, 28 and 29. The exchange. It will give a superb theme for the meeting is John Iverson #754 chance to practice intensive forest “Communications” and topics will Bruce Millar #1015 management on a detailed scale. Spiro Papastergiou #1821 include OPFA responsibilities, communication skills and today’s Paul Rennick #697 You technology. Stan Somers #1161 If you are seriously interested in an Guylaine Thavette-Lee #1273 exchange – I would be very pleased This year’s AGM Committee is Stephen Warrington #1768 to hear from you, including details comprised of Pierre Corbeil, Nick of your academic background, Gooderham, Bob Jackman, Gord New Members current employment and domestic King, Krista Mayrand, Dave Full situation. Millson, Sue Millson, George Erin Banton #2088 Stanclik, Rob Tomchick, Greg Phillip Cooze #2091 If you are in a position to offer me Corrigal, Kirsten Corrigal, Denis Michael Furniss #2092 employment for a fixed term – I Gagnon, David Flood, and Don Marke Henteleff #2090 would be very happy to discuss my Bazeley. skills and competencies in more Provisional detail. Look for updates posted on the John MacGillivray #2095 website and the registration I look forward to hearing from you. package which will be mailed to Associate all members. Program details on Daniel Korchuk #2094 page 16. Jeff Muzzi #2093 Mark Crowley email@example.com Correction In the December issue of The Professional Forester it stated that Norm Stephenson, R.P.F. #1339 had resigned. This information was printed in error and Mr. Stephenson continues to be a Full Member of the OPFA. Page 24.