Eurostat GISCO Geographical Info

Document Sample
Eurostat GISCO Geographical Info Powered By Docstoc
					                    Eurostat




                     GISCO




Geographical Information System of the Commission


              Progress Report 2008




                 February 2009




                   Page 1 of 40
Revision History
 Version   Status   Update       Author(s)            Comment
 0.1       Draft    24/11/2008   Petri                creation
 0.2       Draft    16/01/2009   Eiselt, Rizzi, De    Thematic chapters edited
                                 Diego-Diez,
                                 Quennery, Pleijte,
                                 Henrard
 0.3       Draft    20/01/2009   Rizzi                Chapter 9.6 edited
 0.4       Draft    20/01/2009   Polakovs             Section 6.3.2 (GI infrastructure)
                                                      added
 0.5       Draft    27/01/2009   Polakovs             Corrections in section 6.3.2.1
 0.6       Draft    28/01/2009   Petri                Management summary added
 1.0       Final    17/02/2009   Petri                Editing service




                                    Page 2 of 40
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content.......................................................................................................................... 3
1    Management Summary ...................................................................................................... 4
2    INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................. 5
3    GISCO SECTION STRUCTURE...................................................................................... 5
4    INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe (INSPIRE) .......................................... 6
  4.1     Coordination with JRC and DG ENV ........................................................................ 6
  4.2     NSPIRE Implementing Rules on Data and Service Sharing and Monitoring and
          Reporting .................................................................................................................... 7
  4.3     INSPIRE Committee .................................................................................................. 7
  4.4     Implementation of an INSPIRE geoportal within the Commission (INSPIRE@EC) 8
  4.5     Project “State of Play for INSPIRE”.......................................................................... 8
  4.6     INSPIRE conference .................................................................................................. 9
  4.7     Member States Contact Points Workshop................................................................ 10
5    GISCO activities .............................................................................................................. 11
  5.1     Production of thematic and statistical maps ............................................................. 11
  5.2     Mapping tool ............................................................................................................ 14
  5.3     Technical and content aspects of the GISCO reference database ............................ 15
6    Dissemination of GISCO information.............................................................................. 23
  6.1     EC-GIS website........................................................................................................ 23
  6.2     Dissemination of geographical data on Eurostat website......................................... 23
  6.3     Copyright.................................................................................................................. 26
  6.4     Download Statistics.................................................................................................. 26
7    GEOSTAT – An ESSnet project on Geostatistics ........................................................... 27
8    Relations with the GISCO User Community ................................................................... 28
  8.1     European Forum for Geostatistics............................................................................ 28
  8.2     COGI ........................................................................................................................ 29
  8.3     EU GI DAY.............................................................................................................. 29
  8.4     DG INFSO – eContent+........................................................................................... 30
  8.5     DG ENV – WISE and SEIS ..................................................................................... 30
  8.6     DG ENTR – GMES.................................................................................................. 31
  8.7     Annual joint NSIs-NMAs meeting........................................................................... 31
Annex 1: Copyright concerning the GISCO reference database.............................................. 34
Annex 2: Updates since March 2008 ....................................................................................... 36
Annex 3: Data in the GISCO SDE Geodatabase...................................................................... 37




                                                            Page 3 of 40
1   MANAGEMENT SUMMARY
There were no staff changes in 2008.
The focus of GISCO in 2008 was on the INSPIRE initiative. Working in close cooperation
with the Directorate-General for the Environment and the Joint Research Centre, GISCO
continued its activities relating to the implementation of the INSPIRE (Infrastructure for
Spatial Information in Europe) directive, which entered into force in May 2007. Three
implementing rules (Metadata, Monitoring and Reporting, View and Discovery services) were
adopted. GISCO is directly responsible for the two drafting teams on Implementing Rules for
Monitoring and Reporting and Data and Service Sharing. Thematic Working Groups for all
Annex 1 themes provided first drafts and GISCO took part in the review process.
On the technical side, the INSPIRE@EC prototype was completed successfully. A new
contract to develop an operational Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Commission, building on
the results of the prototype, was signed.
GISCO produced more than 300 maps, many of which are available for download on the
EUROSTAT website. GISCO stepped up its efforts significantly to give users better access to
its data and will continue to do so by including more data and applications on the
EUROSTAT website.
GISCO renewed three contracts for the supply of data and services for administrative
boundaries and topographical data on a scale of 1:100 000, 1:1 M and 1:250 000. After further
processing, these new data were included in the GISCO database.
An important part of GISCO’s activities consisted of providing support for Commission DGs
and Services in the application of geographical data and information. In this context, GISCO
was involved in the Water Information System for Europe (WISE) project, the GMES
programme, the eContent+ programme and spatial analysis projects in support of Eurostat and
Commission DGs.
Eurostat-GISCO organised several meetings at different levels of its mandate. The annual
joint Working Party meeting with the National Statistical Offices and National Mapping
Agencies informed participants of activities related to INSPIRE and started the discussion on
the need for better integration of statistics and geography. In addition to this general meeting,
GISCO played an active part in the INSPIRE conference and in the annual meeting of the
European Forum for Geostatistics. A number of bilateral meetings with different Commission
DGs and agencies were also organised.




                                          Page 4 of 40
2   INTRODUCTION
This progress report gives an overview of the activities of the GISCO sector within the
Regional Indicators and Geographical Information Unit of Eurostat. The reporting period is
from February 2007 to February 2008. Thus, it is synchronised with the Annual GISCO
working group meeting, which is scheduled for March 2009.
The main activities of the GISCO sector during the reporting period were as follows:
    •   participation in the INSPIRE initiative (Infrastructure for Spatial Information in
        Europe) in cooperation with the Directorate General for the Environment (DG ENV)
        and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission,
    •   development of the Commission Spatial Data Infrastructure,
    •   support for other Commission DGs and Services concerning geographical information
        and spatial analysis,
    •   production of more than 300 thematic maps,
    •   continuous update and maintenance of the GISCO reference database.

3   GISCO SECTION STRUCTURE




Figure 1: GISCO Module Organisation
Figure 1 shows the current organisation structure of the GISCO team. Johanna Pleijte joined
the GISCO section on 1 January 2008. She works half time for GISCO and mainly deals with
dissemination and communication matters.
GISCO consists of 8.5 full time equivalent staff. Additional 3 man-year equivalents were
subcontracted for database maintenance and programming of software tools. A further 1.5
man-year equivalents were dedicated to the second INSPIRE@EC pilot project.




                                        Page 5 of 40
4     INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SPATIAL INFORMATION IN EUROPE
      (INSPIRE)
Initiated with the publication of a Commission proposal in July 2004, the INSPIRE Directive
was adopted by co-decision early in 2007 and entered into force on 15 May 2007 (Directive
2007/2/EC). With this event the process entered the Transposition Phase (2007 – 2009).
Member States have a period of two years to bring into force the laws, regulations and
administrative provisions necessary to comply with the Directive. By 15 May 2009 at the
latest, therefore, all Member States should have adopted national laws implementing
INSPIRE        (see    INSPIRE       roadmap    for    further    details:   http://www.ec-
gis.org/inspire/inspire_roadmap.cfm ).
The Directive also delegates the Commission to adopt Implementing Rules, taking the form of
Regulations or Decisions. In accordance with the Directive, therefore, an ad hoc regulatory
Committee of Member States representatives was set up, and a number of legislative acts
were submitted to the Committee and adopted.

4.1       COORDINATION WITH JRC AND DG ENV
The INSPIRE initiative is coordinated by three European Commission DGs, DG
Environment, Eurostat and the Joint Research Centre. A Memorandum of Understanding
between the three DGs defines the roles and responsibilities of each of the them: DG
Environment acts as an overall legislative and policy coordinator for INSPIRE, Eurostat is the
overall implementation coordinator and JRC acts as the overall technical coordinator.
Cooperation with DG Environment and the JRC on the transposition and implementation of
INSPIRE is based on a detailed work programme, the last version of which was agreed
between the three operational services in May 2007. This work programme maps out the path
to defining the INSPIRE technical specifications by way of a bottom-up process involving the
GI data producer and user communities. In particular, it gives Eurostat and JRC directly
responsibility for running 5 working groups with the task of defining the 5 INSPIRE
Implementing Rules (on Metadata, Data Specifications and Network Services for the JRC, on
Monitoring & Reporting and Data & Service Sharing for Eurostat).
A coordinating structure (Consolidation Team) includes representatives from the three DGs
and meets regularly. In 2008, one physical meeting between Eurostat, DG Environment and
the JRC took place, together with several video-conferences and bilateral meetings.
In December 2008, Eurostat concluded a second Administrative Arrangement with the JRC.
This Arrangement addresses three main objectives:
      •    technical coordination and technical support for the development of the INSPIRE
           Implementing Rules and for the implementation of the INSPIRE Directive;
      •    establishing and further developing the Initial Operating Capability (IOC) of the
           INSPIRE geo-portal and providing technical support for procurement processes for the
           operational INSPIRE geo-portal;
      •    help with the drafting of the INSPIRE Implementing Rules.




                                           Page 6 of 40
4.2       INSPIRE IMPLEMENTING RULES       ON   DATA   AND   SERVICE SHARING   AND   MONITORING
          AND REPORTING

Actions managed by Eurostat mainly concentrated on the coordination and follow-up of the
two Drafting Teams on Monitoring & Reporting and Data & Service Sharing.
Both Drafting Teams are composed of independent experts voluntarily cooperating with the
Commission. Regular physical (average quarterly) and tele/video conference (bi-monthly)
meetings are organised, with additional ad hoc meetings when necessary. While the
chairmanship of the Drafting Teams is under the responsibility of the experts, the
Commission retains its role of coordinator and facilitator, and is represented at all meetings.
Both Drafting Teams entered a crucial phase:
      •    The Drafting Team on Monitoring and Reporting finalised draft Implementing Rules,
           specifying a set of indicators for the continuous monitoring of INSPIRE and, more
           generally, the establishment of a National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) on which
           to build the European SDI under the INSPIRE framework. Consultation of GI
           stakeholders on this draft was launched in March 2008. A revised version, integrating
           the results of the consultation, was submitted to the Commission in September 2008.
           On the basis of this revised draft, the Commission prepared a proposal for a
           Commission Decision, which was submitted to the vote of the INSPIRE Committee in
           December 2008. The committee delivered a positive opinion on the Commission
           proposal by a qualified majority. The Decision was submitted to the European
           Parliament, in order to complete the formal comitology procedure and with a view to
           being adopted by the Commission during the first half of 2009.
      •    The Drafting Team on Data & Service Sharing submitted draft Implementing Rules
           specifying common rules for the provision of and access to Spatial Data and Services
           for European Institutions and Bodies, along with a recommended licence template.
           This draft was submitted to GI stakeholders for consultation in December 2008, as
           well as to the Commission and other potentially interested European Institutions and
           Bodies. The consultations will close in February 2009.

4.3       INSPIRE COMMITTEE
The INSPIRE regulatory Committee met twice in 2008 in order to vote on the Implementing
Rules proposed by the Commission. In May 2008, the Implementing Rules on Metadata were
put to Committee vote in the form of a Draft Commission Regulation. The Regulation was
adopted unanimously by the Committee and, after completion of the comitology procedure,
entered into force in December 2008.
In December 2008, the Committee met a second time to vote on the proposed Draft
Commission Regulation on Network Services (discovery and view services), and on the
proposed Draft Commission Decision on Monitoring and Reporting. The committee delivered
a positive opinion, by a qualified majority, on both proposals.
Eurostat is formally responsible for the INSPIRE committee secretariat.




                                            Page 7 of 40
4.4       IMPLEMENTATION      OF   AN    INSPIRE     GEOPORTAL       WITHIN   THE    COMMISSION
          (INSPIRE@EC)

4.4.1 The INSPIRE@EC prototype
The prototype for a spatial data infrastructure of the Commission as per the requirements of
INSPIRE was successfully completed in 2008.
The main goals of the project were to:
      •    analyse the state of play concerning the GI and SDI components within the
           Commission needed to develop an INSPIRE-compliant Commission SDI,
      •    test and demonstrate the feasibility of interoperable solutions for sharing geographical
           information and services within the Commission’s distributed environment between
           one pilot DG and GISCO, in line with INSPIRE principles and recent developments in
           GI standardisation,
      •    develop a migration path for existing Commission GI services towards INSPIRE
           compliance. This includes an evaluation of problems and obstacles that might be
           encountered during the subsequent large-scale implementation of INSPIRE-based
           solutions throughout the Commission.
GISCO data are exposed as WMS, WFS and WCS. The technical solutions already have all
the features of a typical geoportal, such as a metadata catalogue and a map viewer. Other tools
make it possible to secure protected data and services or monitor the performance and
availability of services.
Commission staff can access the prototype under:
https://webgate.acceptance.ec.europa.eu/inspire/accessNode/initialization.do
requesting a login and password from GISCO from EC-GISCO@ec.europa.eu .

4.4.2 INSPIRE@EC – production system
In 2008, GISCO launched a call for tenders to build a production system which takes account
of lessons learnt from the pilot and new requirements from users, from the system
administration and also from the INSPIRE implementing rules.
The main objective of the new project is to build a reference spatial data infrastructure for the
Commission in accordance with the provisions of INSPIRE. This should avoid a proliferation
of similar systems in different DGs and ensure the adoption of common standards and tools
for the Commission.
The project started in January 2009 and a first productive installation can be expected in the
second half of 2009. This first version will already take account of the implementing rules on
metadata, view services and download services.

4.5       PROJECT “STATE OF PLAY FOR INSPIRE”
The State of Play for INSPIRE study started in August 2002. The general objective of the
study is to identify, describe and compare the current status of National Spatial Data
Infrastructures (NSDI)s in the different Member States of the EU and the EFTA countries.
The project is coordinated by GISCO and has been performed by the University of Leuven



                                            Page 8 of 40
(Belgium). The initial study has been carried out for three years, and received two additional
yearly updates for 2006 and 2007.
The update launched in 2007 was finalised in mid-2008 and took account of the final
INSPIRE Directive, which entered into force on 15 May 2007, and the work carried out by
the Drafting Teams, especially by the Drafting Team on Monitoring and Reporting and on
Data and Service Sharing.
In addition to updating the country reports, this study evaluated the methodological changes
proposed in 2006 and fine-tuned the adaptations to recent developments in Monitoring and
Reporting. The 2007 study also included a country survey relating to Data and Service
Sharing and to Monitoring and Reporting.
This survey reviewed the state of the art of the current infrastructure, such as accessibility of
network services (75% accessible to the public, 73% with free access) or access to datasets
(56% discoverable, 49% viewable, 27% downloadable) or availability of metadata (67% of
datasets and services have metadata, 36% of datasets and services have ISO-compliant
metadata). Differences between countries were rather significant. Regarding data sharing, the
survey showed that coordination structures (as required by the INSPIRE Directive) are
currently being set up, but a clear data policy is not yet in place in most cases. The survey also
revealed that several countries mentioned the possibility of invoking one or more reasons
permitted by the Directive to limit access to or the use of certain datasets for a variety of
themes.
The general assessment revealed that INSPIRE has encouraged further development of the
infrastructure, particularly in the field of metadata and service development.

4.6       INSPIRE CONFERENCE
The 2008 INSPIRE Conference was held in Maribor from 23 to 25 June 2008. With the
adoption of the INSPIRE directive (2007/2/EC), the focus of the 2008 conference was on
reviewing the progress of the INSPIRE legislation and on the development of SDIs in general.
The particular objectives of the conference were to:
      •    view the current state of progress of the INSPIRE legislation;
      •    share knowledge on the progress of transposition of the INSPIRE directive in the
           Member States;
      •    provide an opportunity to the INSPIRE Drafting Teams and Thematic Working
           Groups to report on the development of the INSPIRE Implementing Rules;
      •    further our understanding of the implementation challenges, costs and benefits of SDIs
           at national, regional and local level;
      •    identify key issues and opportunities for European SDI projects;
      •    explore and highlight synergy with other initiatives, such as the Group on Earth
           Observations (GEO), Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES),
           Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS).
EUROSTAT’s contributions included presentations, chairing sessions and support for
organisational aspects.




                                            Page 9 of 40
4.7   MEMBER STATES CONTACT POINTS WORKSHOP
A workshop for Member States Contact Points (MSCPs) was held as part of the INSPIRE
Conference in Maribor. The goal of this workshop was to discuss a list of possible tasks to be
assigned to Member States Contact Points on the basis of a proposal drafted by the
Commission. This proposal is based on the general requirements of the INSPIRE Directive
and, although the list of tasks does not amount to a legal obligation, its aim is to help Member
States set up Contact Points and the respective Coordinating Structure.
Member States generally agreed on the proposed list of tasks. The list of tasks was slightly
revised as a result of the workshop, especially regarding the notification of transposition
measures, which is already an established procedure in several Member States.




                                        Page 10 of 40
5     GISCO ACTIVITIES

5.1   PRODUCTION OF THEMATIC AND STATISTICAL MAPS




Figure 2: Productivity of the industry sector
GISCO contributed to the “Regional Yearbook for 2008” in the form of some 180 statistical
maps in three languages. The maps support the statistical information by illustrating the
different topics of the yearbook, such as Population, regional GDP, Household accounts,
Urban Audit, Transport, Tourism, Science and Technology, Agriculture, Business and labour


                                      Page 11 of 40
market. The Regional Yearbook is the most requested publication of Eurostat. In addition to
the maps in the yearbook, GISCO designed and drafted a further 150 maps for various
Eurostat publications, including “Statistics in Focus”, the Eurostat yearbook, pocket books,
and for a number of presentations made inside and outside the Commission. A number of
maps were also produced at special request from different Commission DGs. A number of
posters were also produced for presentations made inside and outside the Commission.




Figure 3: Important sectors in terms of value added




                                       Page 12 of 40
For the purposes of documentation and the ability to reuse the maps, the map catalogue has
been updated with all the maps produced in 2008. All maps that have been produced since
2003 can be visualised and downloaded from this map catalogue.1
Figure 2 and Figure 3 show typical examples of statistical maps produced by GISCO. Figure
4 and Figure 5 show an example of posters produced by GISCO.




Figure 4: Currencies in EU countries




1

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=2254 62148876 2254_62153846&_dad=portal&_schema=
PORTAL.



                                           Page 13 of 40
Figure 5: Top 20 cargo ports and other main ports

5.2   MAPPING TOOL
The mapping tool (see Figure 6) implemented in 2007 has been upgraded, with a number of
bugs fixed and some new functions implemented (such as batch processing). The templates
used by the software have been adapted so that they can now access the latest version of the
geographical layers (typically the latest version of the NUTS).



                                       Page 14 of 40
Furthermore, a centralised environment has been put in place to allow every GISCO member
to work on the same set of geographical data and maps.
The mapping tool software must be installed on PCs and is subject to a licence agreement
(limited number).




Figure 6: User interface of the mapping tool

5.3   TECHNICAL AND CONTENT ASPECTS OF THE GISCO REFERENCE DATABASE
GISCO has a mandate to maintain the geographical reference database of the European
Commission. This task includes finding new data and negotiating the terms of use. However,
what data should be included is to a very large extent defined by the GIS user community
inside the Commission. Mainly policy DGs such as DGs TREN, REGIO, AGRI, MARE and
ENV with a strong focus on regional policies use GIS as a support tool. Several institutes of
the JRC and the European Environmental Agency (EEA) in Copenhagen are also frequent
users of the GISCO reference database.

5.3.1 GISCO Architecture and Infrastructure Study
Eurostat-D2 decided to launch a study on the GISCO architecture, infrastructure and services.
GIS is becoming more and more used inside the Commission, DG DIGIT is working on the
development of a GIS Infrastructure for the Commission and INSPIRE has become a
Directive.
It became obvious to review GISCO activities, infrastructure and organisation in order to
implement an infrastructure and architecture within the Commission that will be also able to
cope with the needs and objectives defined within INSPIRE.




                                       Page 15 of 40
The study will define and outline a revised or new architecture and infrastructure to meet
future needs and will take account of:
       •   current GISCO activities, duties, architecture and infrastructure,
       •   GIS EC services needs,
       •   the “obligation” to comply with INSPIRE principles.
The main objectives of the project are to evaluate:
       •   the current GISCO situation: organisation, implementation, infrastructure, way of
           producing and maintaining reference geo-information;
       •   Commission DGs’ needs and use of GIS services and data.
Suggesting several scenarios for the most useful GIS architecture and infrastructure (with
human resources, technical – HW & SW – resources): full/shared hosting in DIGIT-DC
and/or in EUROSTAT, taking account of applicable rules (security, access, etc.) and plans for
new developments, and putting forward solutions based solely on the use of ESRI products
and mixed use of ESRI products/FOSS products, together with their pros and cons.

5.3.2      GI Infrastructure
5.3.2.1 Applications

GISCO maintains 3 major application groups (see Figure 7):
       •   GISCO reference database infrastructure
       •   GISCO portal
       •   INSPIRE@EC portal (see 4.4)
GISCO provides a regular, stable and reliable reference database service based on the
ArcSDE + ORACLE geodatabase. There are 2 server environments – production and testing,
the latter used mostly for overall quality control before publication.
The GISCO reference database infrastructure client side consists of 15 ArcGIS Desktop
installations (10 licences, floating licensing model). The reference database is accessible to
other DGs.
The GISCO portal consists of 2 layers – spatial processing layer (ArcGIS Server and ArcIMS
installations under Windows OS) and web application layer (Apache, Tomcat,
ColdFusion+JRun). From a content point of view, the GISCO portal consists of 2 parts –
static content for download (data, metadata, maps, posters, etc.)2 and a web mapping part.3
The latter is currently only accessible from the Commission’s intranet, but the goal is also to
give access to the general public. This means integrating the web mapping application in the
GISCO section on the EUROSTAT website. One of the first candidates is the NUTS map
viewer application.4

2

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=2254 62148876 2254_62153824&_dad=portal&_schema=
PORTAL.
3
    http://www.gisco.eurostat.cec/.
4
    http://www.gisco.eurostat.cec/nutsview/.


                                               Page 16 of 40
The INSPIRE@EC portal (prototype) software runs on the WebLogic platform. OGC web
services are implemented by means of MapServer open source software.

                                                            Extranet


   https://webgate.acceptance.ec.europa.eu/inspire/accessNode


                                                            Intranet

           http://<host>.cc.cec.eu.int:<port>/inspire-ec                 http://www.gisco.eurostat.cec



                                                     APPLICATIONS

           INSPIRE@EC                                      ArcGIS                            GISCO
              portal                                       Desktop                           portal
                                                                                        ColdFusion + JRun
                  Weblogic
                                                                                               Tomcat

             WMS, WFS, WCS

              Mapping engine                                Storage                       Mapping engine

                                                            ArcSDE
                   Apache                                                                      ArcIMS

                 MapServer                                                                      AGS



                                                            ORACLE




                                                           File system



Figure 7: GISCO applications

5.3.2.2 HW and SW architecture changes

A number of decisions were taken last year to improve the GISCO architecture. The main
point was to install the ArcGIS-based spatial processing layer on the Windows OS platform.
This is a departure from the previous direction of keeping spatial processing infrastructure on
the UNIX (Solaris) platform. The reason to go for UNIX was the expectation that DG DIGIT
would establish a UNIX-based GI support service. As this was not the case and several
problems emerged running ArcGIS software on Solaris, the decision was taken to replace
Solaris OS with Windows for ArcIMS and AGS software components (see Figure 8).




                                                            Page 17 of 40
                                                                           PROD     DEV


                                                                                 Extranet

       webgate.acceptance.ec.europa.eu/inspire    ????.ec.europa.eu/nutsview


                                                                                 Intranet

        wlsacc.cc.cec.eu.int:8911/accessNode     ????.cc.cec.eu.int:????/gisco    www.gisco.eurostat.cec   ????.cc.cec.eu.int/nutsview   wlsdev2.cc.cec.eu.int/accessNode




        wlsacc                    ????                s-troi.eurostat.cec            s-??????.eurostat.cec                 ????                   wlsdev2
         DIGIT                    DIGIT                      ESTAT                          ESTAT                          DIGIT                   DIGIT
        Solaris 9                Solaris 9            Windows 2003 SP2                 Windows 2000 SP4                   Solaris 9               Solaris 9
        Weblogic           ColdFusion + JRun                 Apache                               Apache            ColdFusion + JRun             Weblogic
                                                             Tomcat                               Tomcat


                                 anteater                                                                                  crab
                                  DIGIT                 ArcIMS        AGS                   AGS       ArcIMS               DIGIT
                                 Solaris 9                                                                                Solaris 9



                                 Apache                                                                                  Apache
                                MapServer                                                                               MapServer

                                 ArcSDE                                                                                   ArcSDE




                                  oragis                                                                                 devora2
                                 ArcESTD                                                                                 ArcESTD




Figure 8: GISCO HW and SW infrastructure

5.3.2.3 Hardware acquisitions

The major hardware acquisition took place in the beginning of the 2008. The new hardware
(Intel Xeon 3.4 GHz 4X4, 32 GB RAM, 2 TB disk space) was installed in Eurostat’s data
centre. The complete software stack was installed and configured on the new machine. It
consists of a spatial processing layer (ArcIMS, AGS), application containers (Tomcat,
ColdFusion + Jrun) and a web server (Apache). All GISCO online map services were
migrated to this server.
More hardware capacity will be provided in 2009. The second server’s HW and SW
configuration will be similar to the present one. It will fulfil the staging/acceptance
environment functions. The ESRI software on this machine will be covered by ESRI
development licences.

5.3.2.4 Distribution of tasks and responsibilities

From the GISCO GI maintenance point of view, the tasks and responsibilities are distributed
between three parties:
DG DIGIT
   •       ORACLE DBMS hosting
   •       UNIX (Solaris) OS hosting
   •       WebLogic hosting



                                                                Page 18 of 40
EUROSTAT (IT infrastructure unit B2)
       •          Windows hosting
GISCO
       •          ArcGIS SW management
       •          Overall coordination

5.3.3 Data acquisition contracts
Cooperation with Eurogeographics continued in 2008. New versions of EuroRegionalMap 1:
250 000 (ERM), EuroBoundaryMap (EBM) and EuroGlobalMap 1:1 Mio (EGM) were
received and after adaptation loaded into the GISCO database. In some cases (Administrative
Boundaries) this required an adaptation to the GISCO data model (see Figure 9).
The framework contracts for the acquisition of EGM and EBM will expire in 2009. It has
always been the ambition of GISCO to achieve seamless vertical integration of data themes
from mid-scale to small-scale. The long-term goal is clearly to start from one large-scale
dataset and create generalisations for smaller scales where required for mapping purposes.

5.3.4             Service contracts
5.3.4.1 Fourth Specific Contract
                               EBM + CLC2000                                           1:250 000                              1:1 Mio                                                   Small scale generalisations for
                                                                                                                                                                                        cartography and dissemination

                            EBM xxxx 30m                        GAUL                    ERM                    EGM_ADMI                  GAUL
                                                                                                                                                                                     Generalization               Generalization
                                           eas




CLC2000 (inner waters)
                                                                                        Adapt data model




                                                                                                                                                                      NUTS_xxxx+3m            NUTS_xxxx+10m                 NUTS_xxxx+20m
                                  water ar




                                                                                                                          NUTS_xxxx+1m              Generalization
                              on of all




                                                       COMM_xxxx_+100k
                                                                                                                                                                            Derive




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Derive
           Se                                                                                                                                                                                            Derive
             le
               ct
                                                                                                                                           Deri




                 io
                   n
                            Selecti




                                                                                                                                               ve




                                                            e
                                                                                                                              Derive




                                                         riv
                                                       De
                                                                                      NUTS_ERM                                         NUTS_EGM
                                                                                                                                                                        NUTS 3m                       NUTS 10m                 NUTS 20m
                  LAKE 100k                                                                                                              (1m)


                                                          Se
                                                            lec
                                                                tio                                                        CNTR (1m)
                                                                   n                  CNTR_ERM
                                                                                                                                                                        CNTR 3m                   CNTR 10m                     CNTR 20m

       CNTR 100k             COMM 100k
                                                                                                                              LAKE_EGM
                                                                                      LAKE_ERM
                                                                                                                                 (1m)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  COAS 10m                     COAS 20m
                                                                                                                                                                        COAS 3m
                                                                     Selection
       COAS 100k                NUTS 100k                       (non EG members)                                                                     Generalization
                                                                 and generalisation
                                                                                                                              COAS_EGM
                                                                                      COAS_ERM
                                                                                                                                (1m)
                                                                                                                    Add
                   De
                     riv
                        e




                                                                                                                                                                        LAKE 3m                   LAKE 10m                   LAKE 20m
                                                                                       OTHER                                   OTHER
                                                                                      ERM DATA                                EGM DATA
                        Other datasets                                                                                                                                                       1 by 1 generalisations
                          based on
                        administrative
                         boundaries
                                                                                                                  LAKE
                                                                                                                (selection)                                              Other                         Other                    Other
                                                                                                                    1M                                                  datasets                      datasets                 datasets
                                                                                                                                                                          3m                            10m                      20m
                 ...
                                                                                                           1 by 1 generalisation
                                                 ...




Figure 9: GISCO database model
The fourth specific contract covered the maintenance of the GISCO database in 2008. Since
the GISCO database has now achieved very good quality in terms of structure, coverage and
integration of data across scales, the general structure of the database remained stable and the
focus of this contract was on data enhancements, new data and data improvements. Data




                                                                                                           Page 19 of 40
developed for GISCO follows the established database design (see Figure 9) to guarantee
geometrical consistency within small/medium-scale datasets.
   •   Administrative Units 2006 theme (scale 1:100 000) based on EBM 2006 “Statistical
       Regions” – The new theme consists of the following geometrically harmonised
       datasets: Communes 2006, NUTS 2006, Countries 2006 and Coastline 2006.
   •   Administrative Units 2006 theme (scale 1:1 million and smaller) – This new small
       scale Administrative Units 2006 theme consists of the following geometrically
       harmonised datasets: NUTS 2006, Countries 2006 and Coastline 2006. NUTS,
       Countries and Coastlines will be generalised to retain geometrical consistency for a
       given scale.
   •   CLC lakes and small-scale lake datasets – CLC lakes were updated and aligned with
       EBM water areas in order to improve geometrical consistency between the Lakes and
       the Administrative Boundaries datasets at scale 1:100 000. In addition, CLC2000,
       GTOPO30 and STRM lakes were added in countries not included in EGM.
   •   Conversion of Urban Audit 2001 to the GISCO database structure – With growing
       demand for Urban Audit 2001 geometry (for comparison with the most recent 2004
       Urban Audit data), GISCO decided to migrate this dataset from the historical file
       database to the GISCO database. The geometry was not reedited but the data model
       and metadata adapted to the GISCO structure.
   •   Urban Audit 2004 Sub-City districts – This new dataset consists of sub-communal
       units of the participating cities. The geometries describing these units are rarely found
       in EBM. The features were integrated into the already existing Urban Audit 2004
       dataset.
   •   Ports – A new ports dataset with point and polygon topology, taken from different
       sources (Eurostat, UN and Norie’s Seaports for the points, CLC2000 for the
       polygons), was created.
   •   EuroRegionalMap – The latest version of ERM (2008) was adapted to the GISCO
       database standards for structure, naming conventions and metadata.
   •   Hydrography and Transportation based on EGM – The latest version of Hydrography
       and Transportation from EGM (2008) was adapted to the GISCO database standards
       for structure, naming conventions and metadata.

5.3.4.2 Fifth specific contract

The fifth specific contract will cover the maintenance of the GISCO database in 2009 and will
again to a large extent deal with updates and improvements of already existing datasets. A
number of new features and tools are of interest it would seem to a larger user group:
   •   Integration in GISCO of the Exclusive Economic Zones – This completely new
       dataset will contain zones for each country where that country exerts special rights
       mainly on maritime resources.
   •   INSPIRE compliance of GISCO Metadata Editor – GISCO has developed its own
       extension of the ISO 19115 metadata profile and an associated editor allowing the
       creation of ISO/ GISCO metadata. Under this activity both the metadata profile and
       the editor will be modified to meet the requirements from the new INSPIRE
       Implementing Rules on metadata. Implemented as an ArcGIS extension, the editor can



                                        Page 20 of 40
        be used without copyright restrictions. The ambition of GISCO with this software is to
        provide the Commission with a reference tool for the creation of spatial metadata.
   •    Urban Audit cities mapping tool – The purpose of this tool is to provide a user-
        friendly ArcGIS interface to define and produce maps of the Urban Audit cities,
        including multilingual facilities. A number of background topographic layers can also
        be added to the map.

5.3.4.3 New GI framework contract

After five years in application, the DG REGIO framework contract for Geographical
Information processing expired in January 2009. GISCO decided to launch a call for tenders
for a new framework contract similar to the current DG REGIO one. It will be open to all
interested Commission Directorates-General. The invitation to tender was published in
January 2009 and GISCO expects the framework contract to be signed before June 2009. The
framework contract will have an initial duration of three years, and be renewable twice for
one year. The contract has two lots, one for on-site and one for off-site developments
responding to different needs in different DGs. It covers topics such as GI application
development, data creation and maintenance, mapping, consulting on GI matters and similar
IT tasks in the field of geoinformatics.

5.3.5   New/updated datasets in the GISCO database (see also Annex 3)
    •   Administrative Units 2006 theme based on EBM 2006 “Statistical Regions” and
        FAO’s GAUL (Global Administrative Units Layer) for National boundaries.
   •    The new Administrative Units 2006 theme consists of four feature datasets,
        geometrically harmonised at scale 1:100 000: Communes 2006, NUTS 2006,
        Countries 2006 and Coastline 2006. Three of these datasets (NUTS 2006, Countries
        2006 and Coastline 2006) were generalised in five scale versions (1:1 Million, 1:3
        Million, 1:10 Million, 1:20 Million and 1:60 Million). Geometrical consistency is
        maintained across datasets for each scale version.
   •    CLC Lakes and small-scale lake datasets – CLC lakes were complemented with EBM
        water areas in order to improve geometrical consistency between the Lakes and
        Administrative Boundaries datasets at scale 1:100 000. Also, EGM lakes were
        complemented with the water areas from CLC2000, GTOPO30 and SRTM for
        countries not included in EGM.
   •    Conversion of Urban Audit 2001 to the new architecture – This geometry was
        recovered from the historical database and adapted to the present GISCO architecture.
   •    Urban Audit 2004 Sub-City districts – Sub-City districts are often defined as sub-
        communal units. The geometry describing these units is rarely found in EBM. The
        participants in the Urban Audit report the Sub-City districts geometry in different
        formats and Coordinate Reference Systems to Eurostat. The available geometry (13
        countries) was integrated into the existing Urban Audit 2004 dataset.
   •    Ports – A new ports dataset with point and polygon topology, based on different
        sources (Eurostat, UN-LOCODE and Norie’s Seaports for points, CLC2000 for
        polygons)
   •    EuroRegionalMap – The latest version of ERM was adapted to the GISCO database
        standard for models, naming conventions and metadata.



                                        Page 21 of 40
   •    Hydrography and Transportation based on EGM – The latest version of Hydrography
        and Transportation from EGM will be adapted to the GISCO database standard for
        models, naming conventions and metadata.

5.3.6   Other data developments not included in the GISCO database (Cesar)
    •   Classification of Ports and Airports based on NUTS
   •    Generalisation of Degree of Urbanisation and Less Favoured Zones to 1:3 Million,
        1:10 Million and 1:20 Million for public distribution.

5.3.7 Population density 2006
A population density grid map has been successfully created through the joint activity of
Eurostat, the EEA and the JRC.
The present version of this map is based on CORINE Land Cover 2000 and the latest census
population from 1999 to 2003, depending on the country.
GISCO has started to work on an update of the Population Disaggregation Grid based on
CORINE Land Cover 2006 and communal population data from 2006. After the first round of
data collection, 23 countries have reached an acceptable degree of completeness for the
production of a 2006 update of the Population Disaggregation Grid (see Figure 10).




Figure 10: Availability of Population Data from 2006.




                                      Page 22 of 40
6     DISSEMINATION OF GISCO INFORMATION

6.1       EC-GIS WEBSITE
A lot of work was done in 2008 to make this site live by making corrections and running
stress tests before allowing the public to use the site.
At the same time, a new set of functions were defined in order to provide a better user
interface and make it easier to work on content management. This led to a new specific
contract being signed under the ESP-DSIS DIGIT framework contract. The site will be
redesigned in 2009 and work carried out on the content itself – editorial board, organisation of
the regular site updating, etc.

6.2       DISSEMINATION OF GEOGRAPHICAL DATA ON EUROSTAT WEBSITE
GISCO maintains its own section on the Eurostat portal.5 The objective of the pages is to
provide information on the latest developments concerning GISCO and to generate a platform
for disseminating spatial data to the public and for publishing statistical maps that have been
generated as part of other publications. The site is divided into the following sections:
      •    Download of publicly available geographical datasets (Small-scale NUTS,
           Infrastructure, other datasets developed for various Commission policies; see Figure
           11).
      •    All maps and posters (see Figure 12 and Figure 13) produced by GISCO for Eurostat
           and Commission publications, from 2003 to 2008, can be found on the site and
           downloaded as PDF files. The regional yearbooks maps and most statistical maps are
           available in 3 languages (DE, EN, FR).
      •    GISCO publications, e.g. GISCO progress reports (from 1999 onwards), various
           manuals and other technical reports, are available.
      •    News page with the latest news on GISCO and geographical information at Eurostat
           and the Commission.




5
           http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu.



                                               Page 23 of 40
Figure 11: Geodata reference download section of the GISCO web pages.




                                   Page 24 of 40
Figure 12: Maps download section (Regional yearbook 2008) of the GISCO web pages




                                   Page 25 of 40
Figure 13: Posters download section of the GISCO web pages

6.3   COPYRIGHT
The copyright of Eurostat data belongs to the European Communities and applies to the
GISCO reference database (see Annex 3). The reference database is by definition accessible
to anyone in the Commission. Part of the database is however protected by third-party
copyright.
Contractors of the Commission can also receive copyrighted parts of the GISCO database to
carry out specific projects. Should they do so, they must sign a specific agreement form.
The contract signed between EuroGeographics and Eurostat (on behalf of the EC) gives
GISCO permission to disseminate products derived from EBM, EGM and ERM on a scale of
1:3 M or smaller. This gives the international GIS community free access to NUTS, Urban
Audit and other EC policy small-scale geographical data for non-commercial purposes.

6.4   DOWNLOAD STATISTICS
The data downloaded from GISCO web pages is monitored. Between May and December
2008 internet users downloaded 2349 documents, 6478 geographical datasets and 13502
statistical maps. The most downloaded document is the GISCO progress report 2008, and the
most requested dataset is the NUTS areas at scale 1:20 Mio.




                                      Page 26 of 40
7   GEOSTAT – AN ESSNET PROJECT ON GEOSTATISTICS
When discussing current global concerns like climate change, threats to major ecosystems,
limited resources, etc., it is essential to be able to describe and analyse integrated causes and
effects on both society and the environment with (geo-)statistical methods on the appropriate
scale.
A major achievement in this context for the availability of environmental information is
Directive 2007/2/EC establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the European
Community (INSPIRE).
Statistical data, on the other hand, is reported in the majority of cases against NUTS areas,
with all their inherent diversity in terms of size and population. But the causes of social and
environmental phenomena do not mirror the demarcations of NUTS areas. On the contrary, a
quick look at a map showing the structure of the NUTS system in combination with the
structure of water catchment areas at different levels and scales will reveal that NTUS is not
suitable for the kind of spatial analysis needed to move towards sustainable development.
To ensure that we have fit for purpose information at our disposal we must have the tools to
describe our world as systems of objects in space and time. Objects are modelled in terms of
their spatial aspects (geography) and their properties (statistics). Qualified descriptions,
monitoring and analysis of man-environmental systems thus require proper integration of
geography and statistics.
The best way of overcoming the gap between the spatial entities of reported information and
the spatial distribution of their causes is to store spatially referenced statistics in a stable,
neutral and harmonised system of grids. This is the case for statistics in general, but it is
especially so for demographics and socioeconomic descriptions of human societies.
It is the objective of this call for proposals for a GEOSTAT project to develop such a system
of grids and link it with the results of the next European census. This requires the
development of an integrated, harmonised and scalable infrastructure of key spatial and
demographic data. The approach should, generally speaking, abide by the technical principles
of a spatial data infrastructure.
The GEOSTAT project initiative is also expected to link up with other major European
projects like INSPIRE (with its focus on cartographic information), GMES (with the accent
on remote sensing and services) and SEIS (concentrating on information to describe the
natural environment).
The main deliverables of the project will be a web-based information platform for statistics
and spatial data, a set of common tools and methodologies to produce grid maps from diverse
data sources and a number of grid maps showing demographic parameters of the European
population.
The idea of GEOSTAT as an ESSnet project is that a group of countries, interested in a
specific domain, will work together and disseminate the results to those not participating. All
countries are invited to join the group. The long-term view and the limited administrative
investment of these projects make this approach more feasible. For more information on the
ESSnet programme, please refer to:
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page?_pageid=2913,68298259&_dad=portal&_schema
=PORTAL#a




                                         Page 27 of 40
The call for proposals will be published in spring 2009. The grant agreement should be signed
by the end of 2009 and the project should run until 2012, in line with the next scheduled
European census.

8     RELATIONS WITH THE GISCO USER COMMUNITY

8.1       EUROPEAN FORUM FOR GEOSTATISTICS

8.1.1 Background information
A “European Forum for Geostatistics” was established in 2007, with the objective of
creating/improving a harmonised system of grids to make for better use of statistical
information and spatial analysis. The Forum was formally known as the GRID club, an
informal group of mainly Nordic countries with a long tradition in register-based population
statistics.
10 NSIs are currently members of the European Forum for Geostatistics, together with a
National Mapping Agency and EUROSTAT.
Annual meetings are held in the form of a conference. The objective is to discuss and
exchange knowledge on new ways of using geographical information in statistics, focusing on
methodology and good practices in small area statistics and grid statistics, spatial databases
and web map applications.
The main activity of this group to date has been the production of a population density map
based on grids and registers rather than on census regions. The advantage of this approach
becomes obvious when comparing the results of this map with the results of the population
breakdown map produced by the JRC with data from CORINE and population figures per
commune.
The population grid map is not an end in itself but a valuable tool for spatial analysis of
social, economic and environmental phenomena on scales smaller than the NUTS regions,
and has already been used for such tasks by Eurostat.
With INSPIRE becoming a reality, it is the ambition of the European Forum for Geostatistics
to put the spotlight on the interdependence of statistics and geography in describing human
society and its habitat.

8.1.2 Annual conference in Bled (Slovenia)
The annual European Forum for Geostatistics Conference was held in Bled on 1-3 October
2008. Participants from 10 countries and the European Commission (EUROSTAT, JRC)
attended the conference.
The objective was to:
      •    discuss and share experience and knowledge on the use of geographical information in
           the compilation and dissemination of statistics;
      •    take the GEOSTAT project (see section 7) one step forward and gain official
           recognition as an ESSnet project.
The conference was preceded by the European Forum for Geostatistics meeting, where the
next steps towards an application for an ESSnet grant were mapped out.




                                          Page 28 of 40
The actual conference was split into four sessions covering topics such as
      •    User requirements for Geostatistics
      •    IT solutions
      •    Methodology for small-area disaggregation
      •    Applications
Further information can be obtained from                    the   conference     website,   at
http://www.stat.si/forumGs/Default.aspx?id=10 .
In conclusion, the need for a European geo-statistical infrastructure was stressed. It is the
vision of the European Forum for Geostatistics to gain wider recognition both among
geographers and statisticians and to attract more experts and practitioners.
The next conference will most probably held in the Netherlands in autumn 2009.

8.2       COGI
A COGI (Interservice Committee on Geographical Information) meeting took place on 12
March 2008. The main topics discussed during the meeting were the state of play with
INSPIRE, the new mandate of the COGI in the light of new GI developments within the
Commission, the definition of a new framework contract for GI services, the DIGIT GI
architecture, data acquisition policy and a roundtable discussion of GI-related Commission
activities.
Following this COGI meeting, a new mandate was proposed and submitted for discussion to
the COGI members. The new COGI mandate was then adopted and accepted by the
Secretariat-General in October 2008.
It was also decided that the COGI should be more active in communication and information-
sharing to make for better GI coordination within the Commission.

8.3       EU GI DAY
In February 2008, a one-day workshop on geographical information in the Commission, co-
organised by the JRC, EUROSTAT and ESRI Benelux, was held in Brussels.
The idea was to show how Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technology is used in the
EU Institutions and how it supports a wide range of policies. As most Commission staff
working in GI use the same software, information exchange is even more important.
By sharing information and experience on GI activities, technologies and best practices,
colleagues who operate alone in their daily work can gain a broader idea of how GI can be
used.
The event was also a good opportunity to learn from experienced geo-informaticians, who are
in contact with academia and with bodies such as the OGC.
The focus of the workshop was on building interoperable solutions in line with the principles
of INSPIRE.
More than 40 GI experts from a number of Commission DGs, the EEA and from leading GI
companies participated in the event and made presentations. Feedback among participants



                                           Page 29 of 40
was very positive as this kind of exchange platform at the Commission did not exist before.
For more information on the event and the presentations, see:
http://circa.europa.eu/Members/irc/dsis/gisco/library?l=/eu_gis_day_2022008&vm=detailed&
sb=Title .

8.4       DG INFSO – ECONTENT+
The eContent+ programme calls for proposals, and selected projects in the domain of
Geographical Information continued to be closely monitored.
Particular attention was given to the eContent+ project ESDIN (European Spatial Data
Infrastructure with a Best Practice Network), which helps to define INSPIRE Data Themes
and helps Member States to prepare their data for harmonisation in compliance with the future
INSPIRE Implementing Rules. GISCO is a member of the ESDIN “Key User Group” and
participated in the first meeting in November 2008.

8.5       DG ENV – WISE AND SEIS
WISE (Water Information System for Europe) acts as a pilot for implementing the INSPIRE
directive and is one of the components contributing to the SEIS initiative (Shared
Environmental Information System). Currently it is still in its formative phase, developing an
electronic data and information system on water that will be used as a model for other
environmental sectors.
To help manage the technical implementation of the system, the WISE technical group has
been established, led by the EEA. GISCO is one of the members alongside experts from the
Member States and representatives from DG ENV, EEA and the JRC. The main task of the
Technical Group in 2008 was to complete the new version of the GIS Guidance document for
water reporting and data visualisation through WISE. The new version will take the INSPIRE
principles into account and will aim to integrate all water-related policies (floods, waste
water, bathing water, etc.) under the umbrella of WISE. Moreover, the technical group
cooperates with the thematic working group under INSPIRE on hydrography and reflects on
water-specific INSPIRE metadata requirements in accordance with the Implementing Rules
on metadata.
GISCO is also a member of the WISE Steering Group, regularly meeting and providing input
from a number of DGs at a more strategic level.
More information on WISE can be obtained from http://water.europa.eu/. This also gives
access to the WISE map viewer.
In addition, GISCO participates in the implementation of WISE in the following manner:
      •    Expertise on general GI and INSPIRE issues (metadata profile, hydrological coding
           system)
      •    Provision of reference datasets purchased through contracts with Eurogeographics as
           background for the harmonisation of water-related reporting across country
           boundaries.
WISE will also be one of the 10 Environmental Data Centres that will start implementing the
above-mentioned Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS) for European




                                          Page 30 of 40
environment policies.6 A study is being drafted on common architecture for Environmental
Data Centres, which will also integrate GISCO reference data.
Together with other Eurostat Units from the Agriculture and environment statistics
Directorate, GISCO participated in the first meeting of the SEIS Task Force, and is closely
following SEIS developments.

8.6   DG ENTR – GMES
GISCO continued its support for and direct commitment to the Land Monitoring Core Service
(LMCS) Implementation Group. LMCS is one of the core services that are being developed
first of all in order to deliver a basic set of operational user-oriented GMES services.
GISCO’s involvement helps in particular to define the in situ component of the service and its
data policy. More generally, GISCO represented EU statistics and geographical information,
acting as a link to statistical and spatial planning communities in the Member States and
within the Commission (through COGI), and as link to the GISCO and other in situ databases
(LUCAS).
Eurostat was also represented at most meetings of the GMES Advisory Board and Steering
Committee, as well as in ad hoc interservice working groups on the GMES communication
issued in 2008, the accompanying impact assessment and the in-situ observation working
group.

8.7   ANNUAL JOINT NSIS-NMAS MEETING
The annual joint working party of National Statistical Institutes and National Mapping
Agencies took place in Luxembourg on 3 and 4 of March.
The full minutes of the meeting can be found under:
http://circa.europa.eu/Members/irc/dsis/giss/library?l=/working_meetings/3-
432008_geographical/minutes_meeting/minutes_2008_r1doc/_EN_1.0_ .
This report refers to a few key points discussed during the meeting.

8.7.1 Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics
A new Eurostat publication – NUTS-2006/EU27 – with related maps was published. All the
relevant updated information can also be found in RAMON:
(http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/nuts).
The impact of changes in regions is not to be underestimated. The way to implement the
changes suggested by the Member States could be reviewed, for example, using a “Time
Stamped” version of changes. Further possible action is to revise the “3 years rule” for
revisions in order to allow a longer stable period.

8.7.2 Disseminating neighbourhood data using Google Earth
Google Earth has become by far the most popular application to view spatial data and
therefore should not be neglected for data dissemination purposes. Statistics Netherland
presented an approach to show socio-economic data on large-scale neighbourhood areas via
Google Earth. The data are stored in KML files generated by Statistics Netherlands, which
can be downloaded from their website:

6
       http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0046:FIN:EN:PDF.



                                          Page 31 of 40
http://www.cbs.nl/en-GB/menu/themas/dossiers/nederland-regionaal/cijfers/cartografische-
toegang/gearth.htm.

8.7.3 Spatial analysis based on grid data – Proximity to airports via the road network
The project evaluates the accessibility of airports in terms of availability and accessibility of
passenger flights at European level. A further goal was to test and define data requirements.
The analysis was based on data available at GISCO and JRC on airport locations, available
passenger flights, accessibility of the airports via the road network, with reference also to
relief and population distribution over the territory.
Results were then aggregated at different administrative levels or other thematic units, such as
mountain areas (see Figure 14). Results depend on the quality and availability of several data
sources and therefore better data are needed:
   •   Road network more detailed and better harmonised across Europe
   •   More detailed information on speed limits or actual speed
   •   Higher resolution of the digital elevation model
   •   More accurate population density grids using real grid-based population data, instead
       of disaggregated population data.
The availability of this information is not currently satisfactory and increased efforts will be
needed to acquire these datasets for all European countries.
Similar analysis methods should be used for accessibility studies related to other services,
such as education, health, rail transport, but again the availability, quality and coverage of
EU-wide data limits scope and accuracy.
With a view to sustainable development, accessibility by public transport should become the
focus of analysis.




                                         Page 32 of 40
Figure 14: Accessibility to passenger flights in mountain areas, 2006




                                      Page 33 of 40
ANNEX 1: COPYRIGHT CONCERNING THE GISCO REFERENCE
DATABASE
The GISCO datasets based on administrative boundaries are derived from EBM
(EuroBoundaryMap), which is copyrighted by EuroGeographics. EBM contains boundaries
for LAU 2 (communes or similar) in most European countries. These boundaries are used for
dissolving upper-level boundaries and for generalisation to coarser scales. GISCO datasets
that are totally or partly based on EBM, and thus are also covered by the EuroGeographics
copyright, are as follows: Countries, NUTS, Communes, Sub-communes, Coastline,
Structural Funds, Interreg, Less Favoured Areas, Degree of Urbanisation, Urban Audit and
FADN
EBM data are complemented in some administrative boundaries datasets by GAUL data
(Global Administrative Units Layers), which is copyrighted by UN-FAO. GAUL contains
worldwide administrative boundaries from country level to the second level in the national
administrative hierarchy. GAUL data are needed to define FYROM statistical regions and the
national boundaries not present in EBM. GISCO datasets that are totally or partly based on
GAUL, and thus are also covered by the UN-FAO copyright, are NUTS, Coastline and
Countries – the three of them only for the 2006 version.
Transport datasets (versions 1 and 2), settlements and hydrographical features are based on
EGM (EuroGlobal Map) and ERM (EuroRegional Map), which are also copyrighted by
EuroGeographics. GISCO datasets that are totally or partly based on EGM and/or ERM are
thus also covered by the EuroGeographics copyright.
EEA and the EEA Topic Centre on Terrestrial Environment ETC/TE copyright CORINE
Land Cover. Similarly to EBM, the CLC dataset is developed nationally and assembled by a
European organisation. Thus, the original copyright lies with the national bodies responsible
for developing the dataset. Dissemination of this dataset is handled entirely by the ETC/TE on
land cover. GISCO provides this dataset only as part of the reference database to Commission
internal users.
SRTM is the property of NASA-NGA. Under the terms of the new agreement, researchers
submit their requests for international topography data to Dr Michael Kobrick, NASA/JPL:
http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/srtm/cbanddataproducts.html.
The requests are reviewed by NASA and NGA, and the data may be released either for
limited use by approved researchers or for broad public access. Decisions on how data will be
released will be on a case-by-case basis.




                                        Page 34 of 40
Acknowledgements
For datasets owned by third parties, ownership and copyright need to be acknowledged on any
output maps produced by GISCO, e.g. the EuroGeographics copyright clause for
administrative boundaries (EGM). Similarly, CLC and GAUL also need to be acknowledged
in the key to any map output containing this coverage. Statistical data for thematic maps are
normally acknowledged as Eurostat, while the cartographic work itself is acknowledged as
Eurostat – GISCO.
The following table gives a summary overview of major datasets disseminated:

Table 1: Key datasets requested by third parties.
 Data set                             Copyright holder     Copyright/dissemination
                                                           Restrictions
 Datasets derived from EBM (e.g.    EuroGeographics        Special agreement form to be
 Communes, NUTS, Structural                                signed by EuroGeographics for
 funds) or EGM/ERM (Transports,                            dissemination outside the EC
 Settlements, Hydrography)
 Datasets derived from GAUL         UN-FAO                 Source (UN-FAO) must be
 (NUTS if MK regions are displayed,                        acknowledged
 Countries and coastlines)
 CLC 2000 (Land cover)              EEA and ETC Land   The request for dissemination
                                    Cover              outside the EC should be
                                                       addressed to EEA.
 Others datasets in GISCO reference Various (see Annex Dissemination is allowed
 database                           3)                 following notification to
                                                       copyright holders

Contractors of the Commission may also receive copyrighted parts of the GISCO database
where necessary to carry out specific projects. The contractor then has to sign a standard
agreement form. In addition to the GISCO data agreement form, there is also a similar
agreement form for the SIRE database, which contains statistical data from the population
censuses of 1981, 1991 and 2001 at commune (LAU2) level. The SIRE database can be used
together with the GISCO layer Communes and Census, which is therefore worth mentioning
in this context.




                                       Page 35 of 40
ANNEX 2: UPDATES SINCE MARCH 2008
Dataset                Description (most important changes)
NUTS_2006              Point, multipart polygon and line topology in 6 different scales
                       (1:100 000, 1:1m, 1:3m, 1:10m, 1:20m and 1:60m) to depict 4
                       statistical levels (NUTS 1 to 3 plus country boundaries),
                       referenced to 1 January 2006 (includes the new codes for
                       FYROM)
COMM_2006              Point, multipart polygon and line topology in 1:100 000 to depict
(Communes)             the communal breakdown in Europe as at January 2006 (this
                       date may vary from country to country)
CNTR_2006              Point, multipart polygon and line topology in 6 different scales
(Countries)            (1:100 000, 1:1m, 1:3m, 1:10m, 1:20m and 1:60m) to depict the
                       worldwide country breakdown as at 30 June 2006.
COAS_2006              Point, multipart polygon and line topology in 6 different scales
(Coastline)            (1:100 000, 1:1m, 1:3m, 1:10m, 1:20m and 1:60m) to depict
                       coastline.
LAKE_2006              Polygon topology in 6 different scales (1:100 000, 1:1m, 1:3m,
                       1:10m, 1:20m and 1:60m) to depict the lakes worldwide.
TRAN_V2                Point and line topology to depict in two scales (1:250 000 and
                       1:1M) roads, railways, ferry lines, railway stations, customs,
                       motorway exit points and level-crossings (road-railway).
WTPT_2004     (water Point, line and polygon topology to depict in two scales (1:250
patterns)            000 and 1:1M) rivers, dams and weirs, permanent ice/snow areas
                     and wetlands.
LAND_2004              Polygon topology (1:250 000) to depict soil and vegetation land
                       use (based on ERM).
PORT_2008              Point and polygon topology to depict European ports.
URAU_2001     (Urban Cities, Kernels and Large Urban Zones as defined for the Urban
Audit)               Audit 2001 (multipart polygon and point topology).
URAU_2004     (Urban SubCity Districts, Cities, Kernels and Large Urban Zones as
Audit)               defined for the Urban Audit 2004 (multipart polygon and point
                     topology).




                                   Page 36 of 40
ANNEX 3: DATA IN THE GISCO SDE GEODATABASE
FEATURE                            DESCRIPTION                    OF RESOLUTION/ SPATIAL EXTENT                       COPYRIGHT                       AND REFERENCE CODE
DATASET                            CONTENTS                                                                           SOURCES
MAIN FEATURE                                                            SCALE
CLASSES
1. Administrative Units
CNTR_2001                          Countries
Countries version 2001, 20        Area and boundaries of the European   1/20 000 000   Europe + Mediterranean basin   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat       CNTR_RG_20M_2001
million                           countries and the Mediterranean                                                                                         CNTR_BN_20M_2001
                                  basin.
Countries version 2001, 10        Area and boundaries of the European   1/10 000 000   Europe + Mediterranean basin   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat       CNTR _RG_10M_2001
million                           countries and the Mediterranean                                                                                         CNTR _BN_10M_2001
                                  basin.
Countries version 2001, 3 million Area and boundaries of the European   1/3 000 000    Europe + Mediterranean basin   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat       CNTR _RG_03M_2001
                                  countries and the Mediterranean                                                                                         CNTR _BN_03M_2001
                                  basin.
Countries version 2001, 1 million Area and boundaries of the European   1/1 000 000    Europe + Mediterranean basin   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat       CNTR _RG_01M_2001
                                  countries and the Mediterranean                                                                                         CNTR _BN_01M_2001
                                  basin.
Points of countries.              Label points for countries.           N/A            Europe + Mediterranean basin   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat       CNTR _LB_2001


CNTR_2004                          Countries
Countries v. 2004, 1:100 000       Area and boundaries of the European 1/100 000       Europe + Mediterranean basin   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat       CNTR _RG_100K_2004
                                   countries and the Mediterranean                                                                                        CNTR _BN_100K_2004
                                   basin.
Points of countries.               Label points for countries.         N/A             Europe + Mediterranean basin   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat       CNTR _LB_2004


CNTR_2006                          Countries
Countries v. 2006, v1:100 000      Country area and boundaries.         1/100 000      World                          EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat   CNTR _RG_100K_2006
                                                                                                                                                          CNTR _BN_100K_2006
Countries v. 2006, v1:1 million    Country area and boundaries.         1/1 000 000    World                          EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat   CNTR _RG_01M_2006
                                                                                                                                                          CNTR _BN_01M_2006
Countries v. 2006, v1:3 million    Country area and boundaries.         1/3 000 000    World                          EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat   CNTR _RG_01M_2006
                                                                                                                                                          CNTR _BN_01M_2006
Countries v. 2006, v1:10 million   Country area and boundaries.         1/10 000 000   World                          EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat   CNTR _RG_01M_2006
                                                                                                                                                          CNTR _BN_01M_2006
Countries v. 2006, v1:20 million   Country area and boundaries.         1/20 000 000   World                          EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat   CNTR _RG_01M_2006
                                                                                                                                                          CNTR _BN_01M_2006
Countries v. 2006, v1:60 million   Country area and boundaries.         1/60 000 000   World                          EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat   CNTR _RG_01M_2006
                                                                                                                                                          CNTR _BN_01M_2006
Points of countries.               Label points for countries.          N/A            World                          EC – Eurostat                       CNTR _LB_2006




                                                                                       Page 37 of 40
FEATURE                          DESCRIPTION                     OF RESOLUTION/ SPATIAL EXTENT                           COPYRIGHT                       AND REFERENCE CODE
DATASET                          CONTENTS                                                                                SOURCES
MAIN FEATURE                                                            SCALE
CLASSES
COMM_2001                        Communes
Commune boundaries (2001),       Area and boundaries of European     1/100 000         EU25, EFTA, Candidate Countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      COMM_RG_100K_2001
100 000                          communes.                                             (except TR), UA, MD.                                                 COMM_BN_100K_2001
Commune boundaries (2001), 1     Area and boundaries of European     1/1 000 000       EU25, EFTA, Candidate Countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      COMM_RG_01M_2001
million                          communes.                                             (except TR), UA, MD.                                                 COMM_BN_01M_2001
Points of communes (2001)        Label points for European communes. N/A               EU25, EFTA, Candidate Countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      COMM_LB_2001
                                                                                       (except TR), UA, MD.
COMM_2004                        Communes
Commune boundaries (2004),       Area and boundaries of European     1/100 000         EU25, EFTA, Candidate Countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      COMM_RG_2004
100 000                          communes.                                             (except TR), UA, MD.                                                 COMM_BN_2004
Points of communes (2004)        Label points for European communes. N/A               EU25, EFTA, Candidate Countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      COMM_LB_2004
                                                                                       (except TR), UA, MD.
COMM_2006                        Communes
Commune boundaries (2006),       Area and boundaries of European     1/100 000         EU25, EFTA, Candidate Countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      COMM_RG_2006
100 000                          communes.                                             (except TR and MK), UA, MD.                                          COMM_BN_2006
Points of communes (2006         Label points for European communes. N/A               EU25, EFTA, Candidate Countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      COMM_LB_2006
                                                                                       (except TR and MK), UA, MD.
SCOM_2001                        Sub-Communes
Commune boundaries (2001), 1 Area and boundaries of SI                  1/1 000 000    SI.                               EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      SCOM_RG_01M_2001
million                      subcommunes.                                                                                                                   SCOM_BN_01M_2001
Points of communes (2001)    Label points for European                  N/A            EU25, EFTA, Candidate Countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      COMM_LB_2001
                             subcommunes.                                              (except TR), UA, MD.
2. Statistical Units
NUTS_2003                        NUTS –               Statistical
                                 Regions
NUTS 2003 20 million             Area and boundaries of NUTS            1/20 000 000   EU15, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      NUTS_RG_20M_2003
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                        (according to 1/1/2007 status)                                       NUTS_BN_20M_2003
NUTS 2003, 10 million            Area and boundaries of NUTS            1/10 000 000   EU15, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      NUTS_RG_10M_2003
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                        (according to 1/1/2007 status)                                       NUTS_BN_10M_2003
NUTS 2003 3 million              Area and boundaries of NUTS            1/3 000 000    EU15, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      NUTS_RG_03M_2003
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                        (according to 1/1/2007 status)                                       NUTS_BN_03M_2003
NUTS 2003, 1 million             Area and boundaries of NUTS            1/1 000 000    EU15, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      NUTS_RG_01M_2003
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                        (according to 1/1/2007 status)                                       NUTS_BN_01M_2003
NUTS 2003, 1:100 000             Area and boundaries of NUTS            1/100 000      EU15, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      NUTS_RG_100K_2003
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                        (according to 1/1/2007 status)                                       NUTS_BN_100K_2003
Points NUTS version 2003,level   Label point for NUTS region levels 0   N/A            EU15, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      NUTS_LB_2003




                                                                                       Page 38 of 40
FEATURE                          DESCRIPTION                      OF RESOLUTION/ SPATIAL EXTENT                            COPYRIGHT                       AND REFERENCE CODE
DATASET                          CONTENTS                                                                                  SOURCES
MAIN FEATURE                                                              SCALE
CLASSES
0, 1, 2 and 3                    to 3                                                    (according to 1/1/2007 status)
Cartographic joiners and         Cartographic lines to join exclaves to   N/A            EU15, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat        NUTS_SEPA_2003
separators                       mainland (joiners) and group islands                    (according to 1/1/2007 status)                                         NUTS_JOIN_2003
                                 (separators)
NUTS_2006                        NUTS –                Statistical
                                 Regions
NUTS 2006, 1:100 000             Area and boundaries of NUTS              1/100 000      EU27, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat    NUTS_RG_100K_2006
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                          (according to 1/1/2008 status)                                         NUTS_BN_100K_2006
NUTS 2006, 1 million             Area and boundaries of NUTS              1/1 000 000    EU27, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat    NUTS_RG_01M_2006
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                          (according to 1/1/2008 status)                                         NUTS_BN_01M_2006
NUTS 2006, 3 million             Area and boundaries of NUTS              1/3 000 000    EU27, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat    NUTS_RG_03M_2006
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                          (according to 1/1/2008 status)                                         NUTS_BN_03M_2006
NUTS 2006, 10 million            Area and boundaries of NUTS              1/10 000 000   EU27, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat    NUTS_RG_10M_2006
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                          (according to 1/1/2008 status)                                         NUTS_BN_10M_2006
NUTS 2006, 20 million            Area and boundaries of NUTS              1/20 000 000   EU27, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat    NUTS_RG_20M_2006
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                          (according to 1/1/2008 status)                                         NUTS_BN_20M_2006
NUTS 2006, 60 million            Area and boundaries of NUTS              1/60 000 000   EU27, EFTA, Candidate countries   EuroGeographics/FAO/EC – Eurostat    NUTS_RG_20M_2006
                                 regions. 4 hierarchical levels                          (according to 1/1/2008 status)                                         NUTS_BN_20M_2006
Points NUTS version 2006,level   Label point for NUTS region levels 0     N/A            EU27, EFTA, Candidate countries   EC – Eurostat                        NUTS_LB_2006
0, 1, 2 and 3                    to 3                                                    (according to 1/1/2008 status)
Cartographic joiners and         Cartographic lines to join exclaves to   N/A            EU27, EFTA, Candidate countries   EC – Eurostat                        NUTS_SEPA_2006
separators                       mainland (joiners) and group islands                    (according to 1/1/2008 status)                                         NUTS_JOIN_2006
                                 (separators)
URAU_2001                        Urban Audit
URAU 2001 3 million              Area representation of Urban Audit       1/3 000 000    EU27, EFTA                        EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat        URAU_CITY_RG_03M_2001
                                 Cities, Kernels and LUZs.                                                                                                      URAU_KERN_RG_03M_2001
                                                                                                                                                                URAU_LUZ_RG_03M_2001
URAU 2001 1:100 000              Area representation of Urban Audit       1/100 000      EU27, EFTA                        EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat        URAU_CITY_RG_2001
                                 Cities, Kernels and LUZs.                                                                                                      URAU_KERN_RG_2001
                                                                                                                                                                URAU_LUZ_RG_2001
URAU 2001 City Points            Label point for Urban Audit Cities       N/A            EU27, EFTA                        EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat        URAU_CITY_PT_2001

URAU_2004                        Urban Audit
URAU 2004 3 million              Area representation of Urban Audit       1/3 000 000    EU27, EFTA                        EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat/NSIs   URAU_SCD1_RG_03M_2004
                                 SubCity Districts, Cities, Kernels and                                                                                         URAU_SCD2_RG_03M_2004
                                 LUZs.                                                                                                                          URAU_CITY_RG_03M_2004
                                                                                                                                                                URAU_KERN_RG_03M_2004
                                                                                                                                                                URAU_LUZ_RG_03M_2004
URAU 2004 1:100 000              Area representation of Urban Audit       1/100 000      EU27, EFTA                        EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat/NSIs   URAU_SCD2_RG_2004
                                 SubCity Districts, Cities, Kernels and                                                                                         URAU_SCD1_RG_2004
                                 LUZs.                                                                                                                          URAU_CITY_RG_2004




                                                                                         Page 39 of 40
FEATURE                 DESCRIPTION                      OF RESOLUTION/ SPATIAL EXTENT   COPYRIGHT                       AND REFERENCE CODE
DATASET                 CONTENTS                                                         SOURCES
MAIN FEATURE                                                 SCALE
CLASSES
                                                                                                                            URAU_KERN_RG_2004
                                                                                                                            URAU_LUZ_RG_2004
URAU 2004 City Points   Label point for Urban Audit Cities   N/A       EU27, EFTA        EuroGeographics/EC – Eurostat      URAU_CITY_PT_2004




                                                                       Page 40 of 40

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Stats:
views:425
posted:3/20/2011
language:Danish
pages:40