Natural Resources Conservation Service 6200 Jefferson NE Albuquerque, New Mexico 87109 6200 Jefferson NE Albuquerque, New Mexico 87109-3734 Phone: (505) 761-4400 Fax: (505) 761-4462 Web site: www.nm.nrcs.usda.gov _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ New Mexico AFO/CAFO Fact Sheet 5 August 2006 _________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A NMP AND A CNMP? Six Components of an NRCS Nine Minimum Practices of Key Differences Comprehensive Nutrient an NPDES Nutrient Management Plan Management Plan Manure and Wastewater Adequate Storage Capacity. NRCS CNMP includes Handling and Storage. This This element addresses 1) planning elements relative to component addresses the planning sufficient storage air quality, pathogen, and components and activities capacity for manures, process issues associated with associated with the production waters, and contaminated production facilities (animal facility, feedlot, manure and runoff, 2) prevention of runoff housing) issues not wastewater storage and from dry manure, 3) matching specifically identified under treatment structures and areas, storage capacity to nutrient NPDES NMP. and any areas used to facilitate plan, and 4) ensuring proper transfer of manure and operation and maintenance of wastewater. It includes review storage facilities. NPDES NMP emphasizes of issues associated with air Proper Management of as distinct planning quality, pathogens, and Mortalities with objective to components for the topics of mortality. prevent contamination of 1) mortality planning, 2) waters of the US. diversion of clean water, and Diversion of Clean Water. 3) prevention of animal Planning to divert roof water contact with waters of the and runoff from adjacent land US. These components are is recommended. If not, this included in an NRCS CNMP clean water must be collected but not emphasized as a and stored. separate component. Prevention of Direct Contact of Animals with Waters of the US. Develop and implement appropriate controls to prevent access of animals to waters of the United States. Chemical Handling. Develop This component is unique to and implement controls to the NPDES NMP. A prevent the inappropriate supplement to an NRCS introduction of chemicals into CNMP may need to be the manure, wastewater, and included addressing storm water storage and chemical handling to satisfy handling system. the NPDES program. Six Components of a NRCS Nine Minimum Practices of Key Differences Comprehensive Nutrient an NPDES Nutrient Management Plan Management Plan Land Treatment Practices. Conservation Practices to Expectations of both plans This element addresses Control Nutrient Loss. For are very similar. evaluation and implementation land application areas under of appropriate conservation the control of the CAFO practices on sites proposed for operator develop and land application of manure and implement practices that are organic by-products. A sufficient to minimize the conservation plan to address discharge of pollutants to runoff and soil erosion and waters of the US. These allow for plant uptake of these practices may include residue nutrients is accomplished management, conservation through this component. crop rotation, grassed waterways, strip cropping, vegetated buffers, riparian buffers, setbacks, terracing, and diversions. Nutrient Management. This Protocol for Manure and component addresses the Soil Testing. Identify and requirements for land implement specific manure, application of all nutrients and wastewater and soil sample organic by-products to collection and analysis minimize environmental risk protocols to be used in associated with nutrient. Plan developing and implementing would include a nutrient budget the nutrient management for N, P, and K. Plan would plan. At a minimum the address crop plans and yield protocol is to specify the goals, soil and manure testing, collection and analysis of and timing and method of manure, litter, and other application. In addition to process wastewaters annually nutrients, plan must address air for nutrient content and the quality, pathogens, and salts collection and analysis of soil An NRCS CNMP is inclusive and heavy metals. samples for phosphorus of all nutrient management content at least once every 5 issues required in an years for all fields where NPDES NMP. manure and wastewater may NRCS CNMP includes be applied. planning elements relative to air quality, pathogens, and heavy metals not critical to an NPDES NMP. Protocol for Land Application of Manure and Wastewater. Develop and implement protocols to apply manure, litter, and process wastewater in accordance with the technical standard for nutrient management established by the Director. Six Components of a NRCS Nine Minimum Practices of Key Differences Comprehensive Nutrient an NPDES Nutrient Management Plan Management Plan Record Keeping. The Record Keeping. Maintain all Expectations of NRCS purpose of this component is to records necessary to CNMP and NPDES NMP are document implementation and document the development very similar. management activities and implementation of the associated with an AFOs nutrient management plan and CNMP to allow adjustment of a compliance with the minimum CNMP to meet production and practices defined in the permit. conservation objectives. In addition, records must be Recommended records focus maintained that document on those required for nutrient compliance with the effluent management planning, limitations specified in the emergency response, permit. maintenance, and third party reviews. Feed Management. Feed Feed management activities management activities are not recognized by the designed to reduce the nutrient NPDES permit process as content of manure and land being required for a permit. requirements for nutrient However, an AFO may want management is the focus of to identify implemented this component. Feed technologies and management is suggested as a management practices planning consideration, but not contributing to reduced N as a specific requirement for and P excretion. individual AFOs. Other Utilization Activities. Environmentally safe alternatives to land application of manure, manure use for Other utilization activities are energy production, methods to not specifically recognized reduce the weight, volume, or by the NPDES permit form of manure, manure mixing process as being required with industrial or municipal by- for a permit. products to produce value- However, other utilization added material, and activities that relate to transportation and marketing manure export or availability options for moving manure of N and P should be clearly from areas of over supply to defined for an NPDES NMP. areas with nutrient deficiencies, and treatment technologies are potential options. The table includes text taken directly from (or summarized from) EPA’s NPDES Permit Writers’ Guidance Manual (http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/cafo_permit_guidance_chapters.pdf) and NRCS Comprehensive Nutrient Management Planning Technical Guidance (http://policy.nrcs.usda.gov/scripts/lpsiis.dll/H/H_180_600_E_5.htm).
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