beginning jappaneselesson1aA.pdf

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					Lesson 1A Grammar Exercise Answers
I. Verbals


1. I understand/don't understand.
       1. Wakarimasu/wakarimasen.
2. I will come/won't come.
       2. Kimasu/kimasen.
3. I understood/didn't understand.
       3. Wakarimasita/wakarimasen desita.
4. I came/didn't come.
       4. Kimasita/kimasen desita.
5. I drank/didn't drink.
       5. Nomimasita/nomimasen desita.


II. Sentence-particles: か[ka],ね[ne],よ[yo]


6. Do you understand (it)?
       6. Wakarimasu ka.
7. I UNDERSTOOD (it). (asserting)
       7. Wakarimasita yo.
8. You understand, don't you? (confirming)
       8. Wakarimasita ne.




III. Negative Questions


9. A: I won't come.
  B: Won't you come? (confirming what A said)
       9. A: Kimasen.
         B: Kimasen ka?
10. A: I won't come.
   B: (Oh), won't you come?
     (what A said is contrary to B's assumption.)
       10. A: Kimasen.
         B: (Aa), kimasen ka.


11. A: Won't you come? (Invitation)
   B: Yes. Thank you.
       11. A: Kimasen ka.
         B: Ee, arigatoo gozaimasu.




IV. Affirming and Negating


12. A: Did you understand?
   B: Yes, I did.
       12. A: Wakarimasita ka.
         B: Hai/Ee, wakarimasita.


13. A: Did you drink (it)?
   B: No, I didn't.
       13. A: Nomimasita ka.
         B: Iie/Ie, nomimasen desita.


14. A: Won't you come?
   B: No, I won't.     (That's right, I won't come.)
       14. A: Kimasen ka.
         B: Hai/Ee, kimasen.
15. A: Didn't you understand (it) ?
  B: No, I didn't.     (That's right, I didn't understand (it).)
      15. A: Wakarimasen desita ka.
         B: Hai/Ee, wakarimasen desita.


16. A: You're going to eat (it), aren't you?
  B: Yes, I'm going to.
      16. A: Tabemasu ne.
         B: Hai/Ee, tabemasu.


17. A: You are not going to eat (it), are you?
  B: That's right. I am not going to eat (it).
      17. A: Tabemasen ne.
         B: Hai/Ee, tabemasen.


18. A: Won't you drink (some)?         (Invitation)
  B: Yes, thank you. (Acceptance)
      18. A: Nomimasen ka.
         B: Ee, arigatoo gozaimasu.


19. A: Won't you eat (some)        (Invitation)
  B: Well.....    (rejecting the Invitation)
      19. A: Tabemasen ka.
         B: Ie, tyotto......