Worker's Participation

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					  WORKERS
PARTICIPATION
     IN
MANAGEMENT
              CONTENTS
•   Meaning      of     Workers   Participation   in
    Management
•   Features     of     Workers   Participation   in
    Management
•   Objectives     of   Workers   Participation   in
    Management
•   Factors influencing in Workers Participation in
    Management
•   Workers participation in management in India
          MEANING
It is viewed as industrial democracy
based on the principles of equity,
equality and voluntarism.
       FEATURES OF WPM
• Participation means mental and emotional
  involvement rather than physical presence.
• Workers participate in a group rather than
  individually.
• It can be formal or informal.
• It is different from collective bargaining. collective
  bargaining is based on negotiation whereas Workers
  participation is based on mutual understanding.
     OBJECTIVES OF WPM
• It helps in increasing the productivity by improving cooperation
  between employers and employees.

• To develop leaders from within the industries.

• To achieve industrial peace, better relations and increased
  cooperation in the industry.

• To give the employees a better understanding of their role in the
  working of the industry and the process of production.

• To provide a sense of belongingness and pride to the workers.
   FACTORS INFLUENCING
 WORKERS PARTICIPATION IN
       MANAGEMENT
• Increased commitment
• Growth of workers
• Acceptance of change
• Better industrial relations
• Job satisfaction
• Better understanding
• Satisfy social and egoistic needs
• Increased the self confidence
              METHODS OF
         PARTICIPATION
• Discussion
• Group decision making
• Labour management cooperation
• Suggestions systems
• Employees    representatives   on   board   of
 Directors.
          DISCUSSION

A   sort      of        group
discussion        is     held
between the workers
and a consensus is
evolved      on        various
problems.
      GROUP DECISION
         MAKING
In     the     group
decision     making
decision     making
power is delegated to
the group.
LABOUR MANAGEMENT
   COOPERATION
Under this the
representatives of
management and the
workers sit together and
discuss the issues
involved and find
suitable solutions.
SUGGESTION SYSTEMS

Workers submit their
suggestions in writing
to the management
which are opened in
their absence.
EMPLOYEES REPRESENTATIVES
  ON BOARD OF DIRECTORS


Under this the employee
representative is made
the member of board of
directors.
WORKERS PARTICIPATION IN
 MANAGEMENT IN INDIA
 Workers participation in management in India
 got encouragement only after independence.
 1920 Mahatma Gandhi suggested the workers
 participation on the ground that they
 contribute labour and brains.
 FORMS OF PARTICIPATION
        IN INDIA
• Works committees

• Joint management council

• Shop council

• joint council

• Workers directors
WORKS COMMITTEES

Work committees were
expected to discuss matters
of common interest and to
maintain cordial relations
between workers and
employees.

              (1920)
     JOINT MANAGEMENT
          COUNCIL

The role of joint
management councils is
information sharing,
consultative,
administrative.

                    (1958)
      SHOP COUNCILS
The shop councils has
been assigned with the
task of improving the
productivity and
efficiency in the unit.

                 (1975)
      JOINT COUNCILS

There was to be a joint
council for every unit
employing 500 or more
workers.

           (Onwards)
WORKERS’ DIRECTORS

It recommended the
appointments of
workers
representatives on the
board of management.

           (continue)
      MEASURES FOR THE
    SUCCESS OF WPM IN INDIA
• The employers should adopt a broad, progressive and democratic
  attitude.

• There must be strong trade union with enlightened leadership.

• Employers and workers should agree on the objectives of the industry
  and their mutual rights and obligations.

• Workers and their representatives should be provided education and
  training in the process of participative management.

• Participation should be a continuous process.

• Labour management relations should be cordial or at least there should
  not be any tension in their relations.
THE END