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									 PROMOTING AN INTEGRATED
 SOCIAL PROTECTION FRAMEWORK
 FOR THE CARIBBEAN
           Caribbean Development Bank in conjunction with the
              Department for International Development, the
           European Commission for Barbados and the Eastern
               Caribbean, the United Nations Development
                    Programme and the World Bank




Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
Social Protection – what does it
encompass?

   All interventions from public, private, voluntary organisation and
    social networks, to support communities, households, and
    individuals, in their efforts to prevent, manage, and overcome a
    defined set of risks and vulnerabilities.
   Usually in response to levels of vulnerability, risk and deprivation
    deemed unacceptable. It is „ „welfare‟ and „relief‟, but more … given
    the emphasis on liberating human potential and promoting equality of
    opportunity. While it incorporates „safety nets‟, it also recognizes the
    importance of acting as a „spring board‟ and adopting a longer term
    developmental approach (investment in capacity building).
   It is an aspect of social policy and should be an integral part of
    country‟s development policy




Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,      2
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
Social Protection Instruments
   Social security systems (social insurance), transfer
    programmes (Old age pension, necessitous
    grants), and other forms of social assistance,
    emergency response initiatives, labor and
    employment standards and even informal
    strategies to manage risk.
   Employment programmes, skills training and
    capacity building programmes, etc.




Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,   3
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
Rationale for a SP Agenda
   The populations of the region face high levels of
    risks and vulnerabilities, linked to individual,
    structural and other factors which adversely impact
    them and can force them into poverty or keep
    them mired in poverty.
   Sustained vulnerability also forces households to
    engage in behaviour dysfunctional to their long
    term interest perpetuating the cycle of deprivation
    and poverty.
   Developments are in progress that will heighten
    vulnerability and increase the demand for SP

Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,   4
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
    Rationale for a SP Agenda
   Social protection instruments exist, but in many areas these are
    not sufficiently strong or effective in protecting households and
    communities from exposure to natural, economic, and social
    hazards.
   General Issues:
     •   Gaps in the coverage of risks and vulnerabilities
     •   Appropriateness and scope of interventions
     •   Targetting of beneficiaries
     •   Overlapping programmes
     •   Quality of service and accessibility
     •   Effectiveness of instruments
     •   Administrative, planning and implementation capacity
     •   Programme design

    Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,   5
    Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
Rationale for a SP Agenda
   Programme specific concerns
     • Social Insurance
     • Social Assistance
     • Transfer/Welfare Programmes
     • Labour Market Programmes
     • Community based “ Investment Funds
     • National Health Insurance


Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,   6
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
A Regional SP Agenda – Why?

   Need to be more systematic and proactive
    about protecting against risks and
    overcoming the vulnerabilities
   A social protection framework is needed to:

     •   reduce the adverse impact of vulnerability on growth and
         development strategies
     •   protect the living standards of households and communities, and
         promote their capacity to invest in their future
     •   engage international donors in a partnership to ensure aid
         effectiveness in social protection



Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,   7
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
A Regional SP Agenda – Why?

   The shared commonality in risks and
    vulnerabilities across the Region, and the
    common issues and concerns which have
    been identified suggest that are economies
    and synergies to be had from adopting a
    regional approach to social protection

   Similarity in main SP instruments deployed
    across countries


Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,   8
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
    A Regional SP Agenda – consisting of what?

   An integrated, effective, and comprehensive social protection system to
    act both as a safety net and a springboard
   Better targetting to reduce costs and increase the efficiency of delivery of
    services.
   More effective collaboration and better co-ordination amongst institutions
    in social protection interventions within countries and across the Region.
   Grounded in the use of data, research and evidence to facilitate design of
    programmes, monitoring and evaluation
   Donor partnerships in support of a regionally determined SP reform
    agenda (to stem the wasteful duplication of progammes, and to exploit
    synergies by drawing on the expertise of the different agencies and to
    maximise the use of donor resources




     Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,   9
     Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
Seven Social Protection
Priorities
      Improve planning on SP issues
           Establish a mechanism in each country for sector-wide SP planning
           Link social protection plans to country poverty reduction strategy

      Reform social insurance
           Focus on achieving long-term financial sustainability,
           And expanding coverage to informal and poor workers


      Rationalize and strengthen social
       assistance
           Better targeting and delivery mechanisms; reduce overlaps and administrative costs; focus on human
           capital development “a hand-up rather than hand-out”; prepare for crises (including instituting counter-
           cyclical social spending patterns)




Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,                                         10
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
Seven Social Protection
Priorities
        Improve ex-ante disaster management
           Develop regional disaster management fund (share risk across countries)
           Improve building codes

        Review labor market policies
           Support competitiveness, improve safety standards, eliminate child labor, etc.
           Reform active labor market programs


        Facilitate informal risk management
     •     Reduce the cost of sending/receiving remittances


        Improve data collection, monitoring and
         evaluation



Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,                            11
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
                  Required Action/
                Proposed Next Steps
     Ministers to convene country level Cabinet meetings to share the SP
      agenda
     Regional line Ministries meeting held to discuss a regional approach
      in support of a sustainable national social protection strategy
     Promote the integration of SP reform process in social policy
      formulation and implementation in the OECS at both national and
      regional level
     Pilot the integrated SP and Social and Human Development process
      in 1 or 2 countries including:
           •    Rationalise/consolidate mechanisms for social protection;
           •    Strengthen public sector capacity;
           •    Promote efficient/effective targeting of social protection instruments; and
           •    Systematise social protection interventions through the labour market:
                social safety nets, pensions.




Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,                  12
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005
                  Required Action/
                Proposed Next Steps
   Accelerating coordination of social statistical capability to
    support data analysis and evidence-based policy formulation
    (through SPARC)
   Putting social protection on the Region‟s development agenda,
    helping to embed it within the CSME agenda and advocating for
    its integration into key country level processes such as poverty
    reduction strategy papers and the institutionalization of recent
    social policy frameworks
   Facilitate the involvement of NGOs and Community Based
    Organisations through the institutionalised Council on Civil
    Society in effect: “Forward Together” July 11, 2005.
   Ensuring that a regional approach to social protection reform is
    adopted under the auspices of CARICOM (A Caribbean Plan of
    Action for Social Protection).



Twelfth Meeting of the Council for Human and Social Development,   13
Caribbean Community, Georgetown, Guyana. April 27 – 29, 2005

								
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