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					                                                 GREECE


Nomenclature

IKA             Social Insurance Institution
LAEK            Employment and Vocational training fund
OAED            Manpower Employment Organisation
OGA             Agriculture’ Insurance Organisation
TEAM            Employees Supplementary Insurance Fund
TEBE            Professionals and Craft Workers Fund of Greece

Monetary unit

Social spending is expressed in millions of Euros (EUR).


General notes

The social security system in Greece is based on two pillars: the basic protection and the
supplementary protection (called "auxiliary" in Greece). It comprises a great number of insurance
funds and a large variety of schemes.

   – The main insurance institution is the Institute for Social Insurance (IKA) of which the
     greater majority of salaried workers and other categories of assimilated employees are
     members. The IKA scheme is the "general scheme for the insurance of salaried workers in
     Greece". Apart from the IKA scheme there are special schemes for salaried workers,
     (occupational funds) to which certain categories coming from the civilian population are
     affiliated, e.g. the insurance fund for employees of the public electricity company. The IKA
     scheme covers the risks of sickness, maternity, old-age, invalidity and death.

   – Farmers are members of the insurance scheme for agricultural employees (OGA -
     Agricultural Insurance Organisation).

   – As regards the social security of self-employed persons, there are special schemes for
     persons belonging to certain socio-professional categories (e.g. lawyers, the medical
     professions, persons engaged in a business, craftsmen, civil engineers, etc.).

   – The OAED (Office for Employment) is a special institution in charge of the risk of
     unemployment; it is also in charge of family benefits; however, it is the IKA which collects
     the contributions for the OAED.

Each insurance institution is subject to a different legislation. In some cases the benefits, the
conditions for granting these benefits and the corresponding formalities differ from one institution
to the other.

All social security institutions are under the authority and supervision of the Ministry of Health,
Welfare and Social Security. The OAED is under the authority and supervision of the Ministry of
Labour. Finally, there are a small number of social security institutions which are subordinate to
and supervised by other ministries.

The     individual      country     notes     of    the     OECD        Benefits     and     Wages
( www.oecd.org/els/social/workincentives ) provide a comprehensive description of
characteristics of social programmes (e.g. conditions for receipt, calculation of payment rates, tax
treatment of social support, benefit duration, etc.) for the working-age population, including:
unemployment insurance and assistance, social assistance, employment-conditional benefits,
housing benefits, family benefits, childcare support, and support for sole parent households.


Break in series

Data for 1990 onwards are based on the new ESSPROS methodology format. Coherent spending
series for 1980 onwards at the individual programme level were obtained on basis of information
for a few years in the early 1990s for which both historical spending series and information based
on the new ESSPROS format were available. For certain programmes and aggregate categories,
breaks in series (between 1989 and 1990) were inevitable. In general, programmes from the old
ESSPROS format which could not be matched with a figure from the new ESSPROS format were
set for the 1990-98 period to “missing”; similarly, figures from the new ESSPROS format which
could not be matched to a programme from the old methodology were set to “missing” for the
period 1980-89.

Secretariat estimates

For “Employees and self-employed: other funds” and “Employees and self-employed: auxiliary
funds” (in the category “Disability pension”), for the year 1989, the 1988-89 growth rate of the
general scheme series was applied to the 1988 observation.

For “Employees and self-employed: other funds” in the category “Survivors”, for the year 1990,
the 1989-90 growth rate of the general scheme series was applied to the 1989 observation.

Public expenditure for health has been estimated by extrapolation for the years from 1981 to
1986.

Data on public ALMP expenditure were missing for 1999-2001. They are estimated as constant
from 1998 onwards.


Sources

1980-89
EUROSTAT (1992), Digest of Statistics on Social Protection in Europe, Vol. 2:
Invalidity/Disability, Luxembourg.
EUROSTAT (1993), Digest of Statistics on Social Protection in Europe, Vol. 4: Family,
Luxembourg.
EUROSTAT (1994), Digest of Statistics on Social Protection in Europe, Vol. 5: Sickness,
Luxembourg.
EUROSTAT (1995), Digest of Statistics on Social Protection in Europe, Vol. 6: Maternity,
Luxembourg.
EUROSTAT (1994), Digest of Statistics on Social Protection in Europe, Vol. 7: Unemployment,
Luxembourg.
EUROSTAT (1994), Digest of Statistics on Social Protection in Europe, Vol. 8: General
Neediness, Luxembourg.
EUROSTAT (1994), Social Protection Expenditure and Receipts 1980-1992, Luxembourg.
EUROSTAT (1995), Social Protection Expenditure and Receipts 1980-1993, Luxembourg.
EUROSTAT (1996), Digest of Statistics on Social Protection in Europe – Old Age and
Survivors: an update, Luxembourg.
1990-2001
Data provided by EUROSTAT (ESSPROS database)
OECD Labour Market Policy database
OECD Health Data 2003, (www.oecd.org/health/healthdata).

MISSOC, Mutual information system on social protection in the Member states of the European
Union, situation on January 1st, 1999 and evolution
(http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-prot/missoc99/english/f_main.htm).
GREECE

Code              Title of the programme                            Description of the programme and attached notes
1.                OLD AGE
300.10.1.1.1.1.   General scheme for employees (IKA)              Full pensions are granted from age 62 (men) and 57 (women)
                                                                  provided they have worked 10 000 days; from age 58 (men)
                                                                  provided they have worked 10 500 days; and from age 55
                                                                  (women with young children) provided they have worked 5 500
                                                                  days. In case of arduous or unhealthy work, pensions are granted
                                                                  from age 60 (men) and 55 (women). Reduced pensions are
                                                                  granted from age 60 (men) and 55 (women) provided they have
                                                                  worked 4 500 days. The last five years’ wages are taken into
                                                                  account for calculating the pension. In general, benefits are fully
                                                                  liable to taxation, except for victims of war and their families,
                                                                  blind persons and paraplegics.
300.10.1.1.1.4 Employees and self-employed: other funds           A large number of special schemes exist in Greece. The figures
                                                                  cover all of them. No breakdown is available.
300.10.1.1.1.5  State Electricity Company employees               See 1.1.1.1 and 1.1.1.4.
300.10.1.1.1.6  Old age pension (means-tested)                    "Public sector employees, including civil servants" programme
                                                                  includes figures for all types of pensions (old age, invalidity and
                                                                  survivors).
300.10.1.1.1.9  Employees and self-employed: auxiliary funds See 1.1.1.1 and 1.1.1.4.
300.10.1.1.1.14 Public sector employees, including civil servants See 1.1.1.1 and 1.1.1.6.
300.10.1.1.3.1  Severance pay: all private sector employees       Data cover both disability and survivors pensions
300.10.1.1.3.2. Severance pay: State Electricity Company          See 1.1.4.1.
                employees
2.              SURVIVORS
300.10.2.1.1.1  General scheme for employees (IKA)                Survivor's pensions are granted to widows/widowers and also to
                                                                  children until the age of 18 (24 in the case of a student, or
                                                                  without limitation if he/she is disabled) provided contributions
                                                                  have been paid for at least 4 500 work days or 1 500 insured
                                                                  days, including 300 during the five years preceding death. The
                                                                  amount is equal to 50 % of the pension of the deceased. No
                                                                  particular insurance exists for employment injuries and
                                                                  occupational illness. Death occurring as a result of these is
                                                                  covered by survivor’s benefit schemes with specific regulations.
                                                                  A survivor’s pension is paid to a widower only if he was
                                                                  financially dependent on his deceased wife.
300.10.2.1.1.4 Employees and self-employed: other funds           State Electricity Company employees are also taken into
                                                                  account.
3.              INCAPACITY RELATED BENEFITS
300.10.3.1.1.1  General scheme for employees (IKA)                Pension granted as long as the incapacity exists; no age limit
                                                                  specified in legislation. Under IKA and TEBE schemes,
                                                                  however, invalidity pensioners can choose to convert their
                                                                  pension into an old age pension. Data relating to pensions which
                                                                  are not converted into old age pensions after retirement age are
                                                                  included in invalidity pensions. The amount of pension is linked
                                                                  to the degree of invalidity and varies between 30 and 70 per cent
                                                                  of the wage taken as a reference. It also depends on the number
                                                                  of insured years, each year corresponding to 1.714 per cent of
                                                                  pensionable income.
300.10.3.1.1.5 Employees and self-employed: other funds           See 3.1.1.1 and 1.1.1.4.
300.10.3.1.4.1 Public and private sector employees: sickness      See 3.1.1.1
                allowance (IKA) (social security)
4.              HEALTH
300.10.4.2.0.0  Public expenditure on health                      See OECD Health Data 2003. Public expenditure for health has
                                                                  been estimated by extrapolation for the years from 1981 to 1986.
5.                FAMILY
300.10.5.1.1.3.   Family or child allowance: social security funds Entitlement to family allowances until the child turns 18 (or 22
                                                                   in the case of a student), and permanent if the child is disabled
                                                                   and his/her incapacity was certified before the age of 18.
                                                                   Allowances vary according to family income.
300.10.5.1.1.4 to 5.1.1.9                                          Same definition as for 5.1.1.3
300.10.5.1.2.1    Private sector employees (social security) (IKA) Maternity allowances are payable to women for 56 days before
                                                                   and 56 days after confinement.
300.10.5.1.3.5    Other cash periodic benefits                     The following benefits are taken into account: allowance for
to                                                                 single parent, special allowance for handicapped child,
300.10.5.1.3.7                                                     accommodation allowance and removal grants, benefits for
                                                                   mothers who are not working or who are married to a soldier or
                                                                   a prisoner, benefits for Greek emigrants coming back to Greece,
                                                                   monthly special benefit for large families.
6.                ACTIVE LABOUR MARKET
                  PROGRAMMES
                  See OECD Labour Market Policy database.
7.                UNEMPLOYMENT
                  See OECD Labour Market Policy database.

				
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