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					STIG ALBECK




TRAVEL TO SAN FRANCISCO




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San Fransisco
© 2008 Stig Albeck & Ventus Publishing ApS
Translation: SØren Riis

All rights and copyright relating to the content of this
book are the property of Ventus Publishing ApS, and/or its
suppliers. Content from ths book, may not be reproduced
in any shape or form without prior written permission from
Ventus Publishing ApS.

Quoting this book is allowed when clear references are made,
in relation to reviews are allowed.


ISBN 978-87-7061-275-3
1st edition


Pictures and illustrations in this book are reproduced according
to agreement with the following copyright owners:
Stig Albeck; San Francisco Convention and Visitors Bureau:
Lewis Summer, Phillip H. Coblentz, Christine Krieg, Mami
Miyata, P. Fuszard, Seth Affoumado; Georgia Roessler & Eva
Lis Petersen

The stated prices and opening hours are indicative and may
have been subject to change after this book was published.




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                4
San Francisco                                                                              A visit to San Francisco




A visit to San Francisco
www.sfcvb.org
http://gocalif.ca.gov
San Francisco is considered one of the most                 Architecture, museums and beautiful nature are
charming and beautifully situated cities in the             other benefits from a trip here, and if you want to
United States, and once you get there you                   leave the city behind, it's not far across the Golden
understand why.                                             Gate Bridge to natural parks with some of the
                                                            most stunning landscapes in the United States.
You will recognise many sights when you arrive in
San Francisco. The steep streets, the cable cars, the       Have a great trip!
prison island Alcatraz, and last but no least the
Golden Gate Bridge are landmarks that have been
featured in countless Hollywood movies and are
known to most people.




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                                                        5
San Francisco                                                                                     Historical outline



                                                           California, and massive immigration began. During
Historical outline                                         the years 1848-1849, the city's population rose
                                                           from 1,000 to 25,000, many of whom were
The San Francisco area has been inhabited for
                                                           Chinese seeking employment in the mines. The
thousands of years, and before the European
                                                           large number of Chinese immigrants formed the
presence, 10.000 Native Americans are thought to
                                                           basis of San Francisco's Chinatown, which is to
have lived here. The many tribes along the
                                                           this day strongly influenced by Chinese culture and
Western coast were later collectively referred to as
                                                           tradition.
Ohlone, the Western people.
                                                           Many large companies were founded in the latter
The Spaniards arrived at the present San Francisco
                                                           part of the 19th Century, including Levi Strauss &
area in 1542, but on this occasion and through the
                                                           Co. and Wells Fargo Bank. The rising number of
following centuries no European settlement took
                                                           wealthy inhabitants such as the railway millionaire,
place here.
                                                           Leland Stanford, built impressive residences on
                                                           Nob Hill. San Francisco was the United States'
Led by Gaspar de Portolà, Spaniards arrived in
                                                           largest city West of the Mississippi, and for a brief
1770 to the area around the bay and declared it
                                                           period it was also the state capital.
Spanish territory. Six years later Juan Bautista de
Anza founded the Christian Mission Dolores,
                                                           Towards the 20th Century, urban planning on a
originally called Mission San Francisco de Asis.
                                                           larger scale had become necessary. The city had
                                                           grown rapidly from the gold rush, with a chaotic
In 1702 George Vancouver established the
                                                           infrastructure as the consequence. Mayor James
settlement of Yerba Buena, the present city centre,
                                                           Phelan established sewers and developed the first
which became a hub for various traders, primarily
                                                           plan for the future city, which he envisioned as a
from England and Russia. There were many
                                                           sort of Paris by the Pacific.
Russians in the area, as Russia had colonised the
area from Alaska southwards.
                                                           In 1906 the city was hit by an earthquake
                                                           measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale. Approximately
Over the years the Spanish rule weakened, and in
                                                           80% of the city was destroyed, including most of
1821 the area became part of the independent
                                                           the city centre. An immense reconstruction was
Mexico before the Mission Dolores ceased in 1833.
                                                           initiated, and already by 1915 the city hosted the
An increasing number of non-Spanish speakers
                                                           great American exhibition to celebrate the opening
came to Yerba Bueno, and from 1822 the English
                                                           of the Panama Canal, which showed the world
William Richardson launched an extensive urban
                                                           that the city had regained its former glory.
development.
                                                           By this regeneration, San Francisco had created
After the war between the United States and
                                                           the basis of another boom and in spite of the
Mexico in 1846-1847, the Mexicans were forced
                                                           1930's depression, large-scale projects were
South and California became part of the United
                                                           completed. The city's isolated position on the
States. In 1847 the city was officially named San
                                                           peninsula was changed in 1936 and 1937 when
Francisco.
                                                           respectively the Oakland Bay Bridge and the
                                                           Golden Gate Bridge opened.
The deserted stretch of land on the windswept
peninsula didn't have the resources for a large
growth, but already by 1848 the gold rush came to



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                                                       6
San Francisco                                                                                     Historical outline



During the World War II San Francisco became              In 1989 the San Francisco area was hit by an
an important port in connection with the Pacific          earthquake with an epicentre 100km South of the
War, and in 1945 the United Nations was founded           city, causing huge devastations, including the
at a conference here. The formal peace agreement          collapse of several stretches of elevated highway.
between the United States and Japan was also
signed here in 1951.                                      During the 1980's the city's skyline changed
                                                          dramatically with the construction of several
With its mixed population and rapid development,          skyscrapers in the Financial District. The
San Francisco had often been a hotspot for                development was rapid, and towards the end of
cultural change, and this also happened in the last       the Century many IT companies were established
half of the 20th Century. The city became the focal       here, causing an influx of wealth and inhabitants,
point of the worldwide hippie wave and other              until the dotcom bubble burst in 2001. Many
alternative cultures, which influenced the music          companies closed down, and the population
and caused the city to sprout leading names such          decreased by 250,000. In later years the city is on a
as Jefferson Airplane and The Grateful Dead.              cultural come-back and as prepared as ever to
                                                          receive tourists with its scenic location and many
Later on, in the 1980's and 1990's, the city became       entertainment options.
the centre of the American punk and trash metal
music, and politically speaking the city was very
liberal by American standards. This was also the
period when the city's liberal attitude to
homosexuals gained it the reputation as the
country's capital for this group. A large number of
homosexuals moved to the city from the 1960's
onwards and made their mark, especially on the
Castro neighbourhood.




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                                                      7
                          San Francisco                                                                                              Tour 1: San Francisco



                                                                                                     The present cathedral, constructed 1967 - 1970, is
                          Tour 1: San Francisco                                                      the third St. Mary's in San Francisco. The first,
                                                                                                     Old St. Mary's, was built in California Street in
                          1. St. Mary’s Cathedral                                                    1854 and the second on Van Ness Avenue in 1891.
                                                                                                     It burned down in 1962 and was replaced by the
                                                                                                     present, third cathedral.

                                                                                                     2. Japantown & Japan Center
                                                                                                     mellem gaderne
                                                                                                     California/O’Farrell/Fillmore/Laguna
                                                                                                     www.sfjapantown.org
                                                                                                     Japantown is the area of San Francisco with the
                                                                                                     highest concentration of Japanese immigrants and
                                                                                                     their descendents. A total of over 12,000
                                                                                                     inhabitants of Japanese descent influence the area
                          Gough Street 1111                                                          with its ethnic shops and restaurants and the
                          www.stmarycathedralsf.org                                                  Japanese culture.
                          St. Mary’s Cathedral is a popular sight, not least
                          due to the building's interesting modern
                          architecture.




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                                                                                                 8
San Francisco                                                                               Tour 1: San Francisco



The area of Japantown was created after the                The main doors are adapted copies of 15th
earthquake and the following fire in 1906, that left       Century Florentine doors.
whole neighbourhoods deserted. It's enclosed by
the California, O'Farrell, Fillmore and Laguna             Construction of the cathedral began shortly after
Streets. Centrally located is the Japan Center, a          the 1906 earthquake, but the majority of the
culture and entertainment centre, where a modern           building is from the 1960's.
five-storey pagoda can be seen.
                                                           5. The San Franciscos cable cars/
3. Haas-Lilienthal House                                   Cable Car Barn
Franklin Street 2007
www.sfheritage.org/house.html
The beautiful Haas-Lilienthal House was built in
1886 in the Victorian Queen Anne style. It is the
only home that has been preserved with its original
furnishings from the time, and it is open to the
public as a museum.

The house is a unique opportunity to see one of
the beautifully built houses with rich indoor
ornamentation and to experience the interior
decoration and crafts of the era. The Haas-                Mason Street 1201
Lilienthal House was inhabited by descendents of           www.sfcablecar.com
the original family up to 1972.                            www.cablecarmuseum.org
                                                           The San Francisco cable cars are one of the city's
4. Grace Cathedral                                         most charming and popular icons. The cable cars
                                                           scramble up and down the steep streets, passing
                                                           one interesting view after the other.

                                                           The cable cars are pulled by large cables from
                                                           central points such as the Cable Car Barn, where
                                                           you can see the great pullies and machinery that
                                                           pulls the carriages. Cable Car Barn was built in
                                                           1907 and is today both a working part of the cable
                                                           car network and a museum over the San Francisco
                                                           cable car's history.


California Street 1100                                     The history of the cable cars began in 1869, when
www.gracecathedral.org                                     the English Andrew Hallidie witnessed an accident
Grace Cathedral is one of the largest neo-Gothic           with the horse-pulled carriages. The accident
church buildings in the USA. It was constructed            caused the death of five horses, and Hallidie
with clear inspiration from the Notre Dame                 wanted to prevent repetitions of the accident. In
Cathedral in Paris and other great French churches,        1873 he opened the first cable car line near the
for example in the beautiful glass mosaic rose             peak of Nob Hill, and the network developed
window.                                                    from here.



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                                                       9
San Francisco                                                                                Tour 1: San Francisco



Several lines were closed down over the years, and          7. Coit Tower
many were replaced by busses. In the 1980's the
old carriages and the remaining lines were restored,
and the carriages were put in operation in mint
condition, acting as pure tourist magnets.

6. Chinatown




                                                            Telegraph Hill Boulevard 1
                                                            At the top of Telegraph Hill is the Coit Tower, a
                                                            monument to the city's volunteer fire brigade. It
                                                            was built in 1933, following a donation from the
                                                            private individual Lillie Hitchcock Coit after
Chinatown
                                                            whom it is named. The architect is Arthur Brown
San Francisco's Chinatown is the largest Chinese
                                                            Jr., who also built the City Hall.
settlement in Northern America, with more than
100,000 inhabitants of Chinese descent. The
                                                            The observation deck of the Coit Tower boasts an
landmark of the area, the Chinese dragon gate, is
                                                            excellent view of San Francisco and both of the
located at the Southern entrance to the district.
                                                            great bridges, the Golden Gate Bridge and the
                                                            Oakland Bay Bridge.
In Chinatown you can feel transported to China,
surrounded by Chinese shops, restaurants and
cultural institutions such as the Chinese Culture           8. San Francisco Art Institute
Center, which exhibits Chino-American art. The              Chestnut Street 800
area also features a few temple buildings in                www.sfai.edu
traditional Chinese style.                                  The San Francisco Art Institute is a very lively
                                                            exhibition space to visit. Exciting and experimental
                                                            work is still taking place, as well as changing
                                                            exhibitions.




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                                                       10
                          San Francisco                                             Tour 1: San Francisco



                          9. Lombard Street        Lombard Street is also known as the most winding
                                                   street in the USA. The steep street descends in
                                                   hairpin turns between the Victorian houses, with
                                                   an impressive eight turns in a few hundred metres.

                                                   It is amusing to walk or drive down the street, and
                                                   there are many beautiful flowers throughout the
                                                   summer season. From Lombard Street there are
                                                   also good opportunities to watch the city's old
                                                   cable cars rumbling by.

                                                   10. Filbert Street
                                                   Filbert Street
                                                   If you really want to experience the infamous steep
                                                   streets of San Francisco, you should take a trip
                                                   down Filbert Street. On the stretch between Hyde
                                                   Street and Leavenworth, Filbert Street is the
                                                   steepest in San Francisco, with a slope of 31.5%
                                                   on this particular stretch.


                           Lombard Street
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                                              11
San Francisco                       Tour 1: San Francisco




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                12
San Francisco                                                                                  Tour 2: San Francisco



                                                             Today the park offers beautiful landscaping as well
Tour 2: San Francisco                                        as a series of historical buildings. There are also
                                                             several opportunities for activities, such as cycling.

11. The Palace of Fine Arts Theatre                          13. Golden Gate Bridge




Lyon Street 3301
www.palaceoffinearts.org
The Palace of Fine Arts Theatre was built in 1913-
1915 as one of the buildings for the great
American exhibition to celebrate the opening of
the Panama Canal. After many years of use, the
                                                             Golden Gate Bridge, 4 km NW
building was almost entirely reconstructed in the
                                                             www.goldengate.org
years before 1975.
                                                             The Golden Gate Bridge spans the entrance to the
                                                             San Francisco Bay from the Pacific. It's a landmark
The area outside the theatre is very charming, and
                                                             for San Francisco and one of the most famous
shows, concerts, speeches etc. take place in the
                                                             constructions in the United States of America. The
theatre building.
                                                             suspension bridge is 2,700 metres long and 230
                                                             metres tall, and was built in 1933-1937 and
12. Presidio National Park                                   inaugurated from Washington by President
Presidio National Park                                       Roosevelt. It is painted in a characteristic orange-
www.nps.gov/prsf                                             red colour, chosen to fit in with the scenery whilst
The green area of Presidion National Park has                still being easily visible for ships.
been cultivated since the time of the Ohlones.
When the Spanish arrived in 1776, they placed a              You can drive across the bridge either by car or by
military encampment here, and that was the                   one of the several bus lines from San Francisco,
beginning of 216 years of military facilities in this        and during the daytime, you can also choose to
beautiful setting; first Spanish, then Mexican, and          walk across the bridge and enjoy both the
from 1848 American.                                          construction and the stunning view. At either end
                                                             of the bridge there is parking with view points
                                                             overlooking the San Francisco skyline.




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                                                        13
                          San Francisco                                 Tour 2: San Francisco

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                                                    14
San Francisco                                                                                 Tour 3: San Francisco



                                                             16. Golden Gate Park
Tour 3: San Francisco
14. Cliff House & Seals rock
Point Lobos Street 1090
www.cliffhouse.com
Cliff House is dramatically located at the top of
the cliff towards the Pacific. The first house on the
location was built in 1863, and the second was
built in the style of a French chateau. The present
house dates from 1909 but has been remodelled
several times since its construction.

The view from Cliff House is breathtaking, with
views of the sea and the small, rocky islands that
are home to both seals and sea lions.

15. Palace of the Legion of Honor


                                                             Golden Gate Park
                                                             www.thinker.org/deyoung
                                                             The large Golden Gate Park is a lovely 4 square-
                                                             kilometres recreational area, placed as a giant green
                                                             wedge from the Pacific Ocean towards the San
                                                             Francisco city centre. The park has many lakes and
                                                             hills, as well as a varied range of planting.
Lincoln Park
www.thinker.org/legion                                       The Strybing Arboretum is a beautiful botanical
This art museum is also known simply as the                  garden, where more than 5.000 plant species from
Legion of Honor and takes its name from the                  around the world can be seen. Visit also the
Parisian Palais de la Légion d’Honneur, which the            Conservatory of Flowers, built in 1883.
American version replicates on a 3/4 scale.
                                                             The park also hosts the de Young Museum, whose
The art collection contains a broad representation           collections range from one of the United States'
of European art, including several sculptures by             finest exhibitions of American paintings to art
Rodin as well as a few paintings by among others             work from Africa and Oceania as well as classical
Rembrandt, Degas, Renoir, Monet and Picasso.                 European art.

The building is situated in Lincoln Park, which              The Japanese Tea Garden is a delightful break
offers a beautiful view of the Golden Gate Bridge            from the big city, where you can enjoy both a cup
from its high location.                                      of green tea and a beautiful Japanese garden with
                                                             the typical miniature landscapes.




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                                                        15
San Francisco                                                                                Tour 3: San Francisco



17. The Painted Ladies                                     Castro
                                                           www.thecastrotheatre.com
Haight Street 1649
                                                           The Castro district is the centre for the largest
The Painted Ladies is a line of six beautifully
                                                           homosexual population in San Francisco. It was
restored Victorian houses of a type that was very
                                                           constructed from the end of the 19th Century and
common in the period between 1850 and 1900.
                                                           has been beautifully restored since the 1960's, as it
During that period, 48.000 houses of this type
                                                           can be seen in the elegant Castro Theatre from
were constructed to cover the housing demands of
                                                           1922. To experience the neighbourhood and its
the heavy increase in population at the time.
                                                           particular atmosphere, try taking a stroll along the
                                                           18th Street.
Many of the city's Victorian houses perished in the
fire following the 1906 earthquake, but they can
                                                           19. Mission Dolores
still be seen in several neighbourhoods, notably
Pacific Heights, the Western Addition, Fillmore
and the Haight with the Painted Ladies.

18. Castro




                                                           16th Street 3321
                                                           www.missiondolores.org
                                                           Mission Dolores was founded in 1776, and the
                                                           building was constructed in 1782-1791 by the
                                                           Spanish as the sixth Californian mission church
                                                           out of the 21 that King Carlos II of Spain had
                                                           built. This was the starting point of the city's
                                                           development.




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                                                      16
                          San Francisco                       Tour 3: San Francisco

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                                          17
San Francisco                                                                              Tour 4: San Francisco



                                                         The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
Tour 4: San Francisco                                    opened in 1935 as the first in Western USA. The
                                                         present building was designed by the Swiss
20. Oakland Bay Bridge                                   architect Mario Botta and opened in 1995. The
                                                         building stands out with its striped central cylinder
                                                         that emerges from the modern, red, fort-like
                                                         structure.

                                                         The museum houses a fine collection within
                                                         various themes such as architecture, design,
                                                         photography, painting, and sculpture. Works of
Oakland Bay Bridge                                       artists such as Paul Klee, Henri Matisse, Marcel
The colossal Oakland Bay Bridge is one of the two        Duchamp, Salvador Dalì, and Jackson Pollock are
great, famous bridges of San Francisco. The 14           exhibited, and besides the permanent collection,
kilometre long bridge connection crosses the             there are also changing large and international
Yerba Buena Island and opened to traffic in 1936,        exhibitions.
six months before the Golden Gate Bridge.
                                                         22. Financial District
The Oakland Bay Bridge impresses by its
dimensions, with two storeys of road and five            Montgomery Street
lanes on each storey. It is specially the two            San Francisco's Financial District is located in the
suspension bridges East and West of Yerba Buena          streets around Montgomery Street, where the city's
Island that draws attention, with a maximal span         first modern skyscrapers are clustered together.
of 704 metres. The Eastern suspension bridge is          The view of the tall buildings is impressive when
3,100 metres long with a 58 metres clearance             walking down Montgomery Street, and it can all be
beneath, and the Western suspension bridge is            seen from the top of the 210 metre Bank of
2.800 metres long with a 67 metre clearance.             America Building (Montgomery Street 345) - or
                                                         from the Skydeck at the Embarcadero Center in
                                                         Sacramento Street. At Montgomery Street 420 you
21. Museum of Modern Art
                                                         can visit the interesting Wells Fargo Bank museum
                                                         of the era of gold digging in California.

                                                         The tall skyscraper, Transamerica Pyramid, at
                                                         Montgomery Street 600 is one of the landmarks of
                                                         San Francisco. The 260 metres tall building has 48
                                                         storeys and was completed in 1972 after three
                                                         years of construction. When it was finished it was
                                                         the tallest building on the United States West
                                                         Coast. The uppermost 64 metres is the spire, and
                                                         the two "wings" of the pyramid contain lifts and
                                                         staircases.

Third Street 151
www.sfmoma.org




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                                                    18
San Francisco                                                                              Tour 4: San Francisco



23. Fisherman’s Wharf                                      24. Pier 39




Fisherman’s Wharf
www.fishermanswharf.org
Fisherman’s Wharf was previously a busy harbour
                                                           Pier 39, K Dock
district that has now been turned into an area with
                                                           www.pier39.com
plenty of restaurants, shops and a broad range of
                                                           Pier 39 is the site for San Francisco's famous
activities and entertainment. It’s perfect for
                                                           colony of sealions, which provides a fascinating
exploring and for enjoying the lovely waterfront.
                                                           view up-close. As Fisherman's Wharf, the area is
                                                           also filled with shops, restaurants and
Fisherman’s Wharf is one of the most visited
                                                           entertainment such as the aquarium.
sights in San Francisco and should not be missed
on a visit to the city. The area also houses a wax
museum.




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                                                      19
                          San Francisco                                                                                  Day Tours from San Francisco



                                                                                                26. Alcatraz
                          Day Tours from
                          San Francisco

                          25. Twin Peaks
                          Twin Peaks, 4 km SW
                          The heights at Twin Peaks provide one of the best
                          views of the San Francisco area, with the city's
                          many different districts and skyscrapers at your
                          feet. During the daytime there is a splendid view
                                                                                                Alcatraz Island, 2 km N
                          of the entire city, and at night the view features the
                                                                                                www.nps.gov/alca
                          many beautifully lit buildings where especially the
                          skyscrapers are impressive.




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                                                                                           20
San Francisco                                                                      Day Tours from San Francisco



The rocky island of Alcatraz in the middle of the          28. John Muir Woods National
San Francisco Bay is most known for its history as         Monument
an isolated prison island. Trips to Alcatraz depart
from Pier 41 at Fisherman's Wharf. The island was
used as a prison during the period 1859-1963, and
belonged to the military up till 1934. In 1969-1971
the island underwent an occupation by Native
Americans as a political demonstration.

The entire island is a museum with exciting
exhibitions and objects that depict the gruesome
history of the place. Among other exhibits can be
mentioned photographs, weapons, escape plans
and the cells of some of the island's celebrity
prisoners such as Al Capone and George
"Machine Gun" Kelly.

27. Sausalito




                                                           John Muri Woods, 18 km NW
                                                           www.nps.gov/muwo
                                                           The tallest trees in the world are the Californian
                                                           Redwoods that can be seen in John Muir Woods.
                                                           The trees used to be situated along the entire
                                                           Californian West Coast, but in many places the
                                                           original trees have been cut down. John Muir
Sausalito, 8 km NW                                         Woods was preserved due to its remote location.
http://ci.sausalito.ca.us                                  The trees in the area are up to 75 metres tall, and
Sausalito is a cosy town by the San Francisco Bay          the largest trees have a diameter of 4 metres. There
and can be reached by boat from Fisherman's                are several kilometres of trails for driving and
Wharf or by driving across the Golden Gate                 walking.
Bridge. The town is a peaceful place with beautiful
scenery, parks, galleries, shops, and lovely
restaurants.




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                                                      21
San Francisco                                                                         Day Tours from San Francisco



29. Napa Valley                                              There are countless sights on the campus that can
                                                             be seen either on foot or from an electrical golf
Napa Valley, 100 km N
                                                             cart. For instance there is the Red Barn, built in
www.napavalley.com
                                                             1878-1879 and thus older than the university itself.
www.winetrain.com
                                                             The Cantor Center of Visual Arts boasts a very
www.oldfaithfulgeyser.com
                                                             large art collection which among other things
Napa Valley is the leading region in the USA for
                                                             contains the greatest number of Rodin pieces
producing quality wine, and a trip here is one of
                                                             outside Paris. Some of the pieces are displayed in a
the best outings from San Francisco. There are
                                                             sculpture garden. There is also a cactus garden,
hundreds of vineyards in Napa Valley, and they
                                                             and the entire area can be surveyed from above
offer visitors a chance to see how wine is made as
                                                             from the Hoover Tower Observation Platform.
well as taste and buy the results. There are pre-
arranged trips from San Francisco, and this
                                                             31. Yosemite National Park
provides an easy way of viewing the area.

The large valley is not just for the wine lovers, but
also offers beautiful scenery, great culinary
experiences, and a variety of activities such as hot
air ballooning and spas. The town of Calistoga has
been known for its hot springs for a long time, and
this is also the site of the geyser Old Faithful that
leaps 15 metres into the air every 40 minutes.

Napa Valley Wine Train is a three-hour train ride
through Napa Valley. It begins in the town of
Napa and does a roundtrip to the lovely village of
St. Helena. The train is worth a visit on its own            Yosemite National Park, 280 km E
with a 1950's panorama carriage, saloon carriages            www.nps.gov/yose
from the early 20th Century, and beautifully                 Many consider Yosemite the most beautiful of the
decorated dining cars. The railroad itself was               many national parks in the United States. The
founded in 1864 and has been operating as Wine               national park contains large waterfalls flowing over
Train since 1987.                                            granite cliffs, vast alpine meadows, beautiful lakes
                                                             and great majestic trees in the woodlands.
30. Stanford University                                      Spectacular sceneries greet the visitor in every part
                                                             of the park.
Stanford, 45 km S
www.stanford.edu
                                                             Yosemite Valley is the central part of the park and
http://ccva.stanford.edu
                                                             the site of the many service facilities of the area.
Stanford University was founded by Senator
                                                             This is also where you can find the park's visitor
Leland Stanford and opened in 1891. The senator
                                                             centre with information about every corner of the
wished to provide an opportunity for education,
                                                             3,000 square-kilometre park.
and he spent a large part of his great fortune on
constructing the beautiful campus.
                                                             Yosemite Valley also displays beautiful nature,
                                                             since the valley is encircled by steep hillsides with
                                                             names such as Half Dome, North Dome, and



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                                                        22
                          San Francisco                                                                                            Day Tours from San Francisco



                          Glacier Point, which has possibly the most                   Reno, 300 km NE
                          beautiful view of the park. Glacier Point is at 2,200        www.visitrenotahoe.com
                          metres altitude and there is an almost sheer drop            The city of Reno is in the State of Nevada where
                          to the valley, which gives a view of several                 gambling is legal. After Las Vegas, Reno is the
                          waterfalls, mountains, forests, and the Merced               largest gambling city in the state, and visitors are
                          River in the valley below.                                   met by neon lights, casinos, plenty of restaurants,
                                                                                       shows, rodeo, and all imaginable kinds of
                          32. Reno                                                     entertainment. The contrast to San Francisco is
                                                                                       great, and the experience is good fun.

                                                                                       Reno frequently offers good and cheap
                                                                                       accomodation. You might combine the trip with a
                                                                                       visit to the nearby Lake Tahoe, located at 1,900
                                                                                       metres altitude and surrounded by forests and
                                                                                       steep mountains.




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                                                                                  23
San Francisco                Day Tours from San Francisco




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                24
San Francisco                                                           Children / Shopping / Transportation



                                                        Petaluma Village Premium Outlets
With children in
                                                        (2200 Petaluma Boulevard N):
San Francisco                                           www.premiumoutlets.com

Children’s Fairyland (Bellevue Avenue 699):
                                                        Serramonte Shopping Center
www.fairyland.org
                                                        (3 Serramonte Centre):
                                                        www.serramontecenter.com
Fisherman’s Wharf & Pier 39:
www.pier39.com
                                                        Stonestown Galleria (3251 20th Avenue):
                                                        www.shopstonestown.com
Happy Hollow Park & Zoo (Senter Road 1300):
www.happyhollowparkandzoo.org
                                                        Westfield San Francisco (865 Market Street):
                                                        www.westfield.com/sanfrancisco
Paramount’s Great America
(Great America Parkway 4701):
 www.pgathrills.com                                     Public transportation in
                                                        San Francisco
San Francisco Zoo (Sloat Boulevard):
www.sfzoo.org                                           San Francisco municipal transportation:
                                                        www.sfmuni.com
Steinhart Aquarium (Howard Street 875):
www.calacademy.org/aquarium                             San Francisco BART trains:
                                                        www.bart.gov
Six Flags Marine World (Marine World Parkway):
www.sixflags.com                                        San Francisco Airport:
                                                        www.flysfo.com
Waterworld USA Concord
(Waterworld Parkway 1950):                              Oakland Airport:
www.waterworldcalifornia.com                            www.flyoakland.com

                                                        Alcatraz ferries:
Shopping in San Francisco
                                                        www.blueandgoldfleet.com
Union Square, Market Street, Chestnut Street,
Fisherman’s Wharf, Chinatown (Bush                      California's railroads:
Street/Grand Avenue), Fillmore Street, Haight           www.amtrakcalifornia.com
Street, Valencia Street
Ghirardelli Square (900 N Point Street):                USA's railroads:
www.ghirardellisq.com                                   www.amtrak.com

Napa Premium Outlets (629 Factory Stores Drive):
www.premiumoutlets.com




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                                                   25
                          San Francisco                                                                                                   Metro Map




                          Metro Map




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                                                                                  26
San Francisco                                                         Facts about USA




 Facts about USA




 Political
 Official name          United States of America
 Capital                Washington
 Government             Federal republic
 Head of State          President George W. Bush
 Deputy Head of State   Vice President Richard B. Cheney
 National day           July 4
 Date of independence   July 4, 1776 from Great Britain
 Primary religion       Christianity
 Language               English
 Area                   9,631,420 km²
 Population (2000)      281,421,000


 Borders on
 North                  Canada, The Arctic Sea
 South                  Mexico, Gulf of Mexico
 East                   The Atlantic Ocean
 West                   The Pacific Ocean, Bering's Sea, Bering's Strait




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                                  27
                          San Francisco                                                                                                     Facts about USA



                           Highest Mountains
                           Mount McKinley                                       6,194 meters
                           Mount Saint Elias                                    5,489 meters
                           Mount Foraker                                        5,304 meters
                           Mount Bona                                           5,045 meters
                           Mount Blackburn                                      4,996 meters
                           Mount Sanford                                        4,949 meters
                           Mount Fairweather                                    4,671 meters
                           Mount Hubbard                                        4,557 meters
                           Mount Bear                                           4,520 meters
                           Mount Hunter                                         4,442 meters




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                                                                                            28
San Francisco                                              Facts about USA



 Largest islands
 Hawaii                   10,414 km²
 Kodiak Island            9,293 km²
 Prince of Wales Island   6,675 km²
 Chichagof Island         5,388 km²
 St. Lawrence Island      5,135 km²
 Admiralty Island         4,362 km²
 Nunivak Island           4,209 km²
 Unimak                   4,119 km²
 Baranof Island           4,065 km²
 Long Island              3.629 km²

 Largest lakes
 Lake Superior*           82;414 km²
 Lake Huron*              59,596 km²
 Lake Michigan            58,016 km²
 Lake Erie*               25,745 km²
 Lake Ontario*            18,529 km²
 Great Salt Lake          4,400 km²
 Lake of the Woods*       4,390 km²
 Lake Okeechobee          1,890 km²
 Lake Pontchartrain       1,630 km²
 Champlainsee*            1, 130 km²
 * partly in Canada



 Longest rivers*
 Missouri                 4,023 km
 Mississippi              3,765 km
 Yukon River              3,185 km
 Rio Grande               3,034 km
 St. Lawrence River       3,058 km
 Arkansas River           2,364 km
 Colorado                 2,333 km




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                                 29
San Francisco                                                                                Facts about USA




 Red River                                             2,189 km
 Snake River                                           1,965 km
 Columbia River                                        1,857 km
 Ohio River                                            1,579 km
 * Some of the rivers run through other countries as well as the USA


 Largest cities (2006)
 New York-Jersey City                                  18,818,000
 Los Angeles                                           12,950,000
 Chicago                                               9,506,000
 Dallas-Fort Worth                                     6,004,000
 Philadelphia -Wilmington                              5,827,000
 Houston                                               5,540,000
 Miami-Fort Lauderdale                                 5,464,000
 Washington-Arlington                                  5,290,000
 Atlanta                                               5,138,000
 Detroit                                               4,469,000


 Administrative regions
 State                                              Capital                  Area
 Alabama                                            Montgomery               135,293 km²
 Alaska                                             Juneau                   1,717,854 km²
 Arizona                                            Phoenix                  295,276 km²
 Arkansas                                           Little Rock              137,732 km²
 California                                         Sacramento               411,912 km²
 Colorado                                           Denver                   269,837 km²
 Connecticut                                        Hartford                 14,371 km²
 Delaware                                           Dover                    6,452 km²
 District of Columbia*                              Washington               159 km²
 Florida                                            Tallahassee              170,451 km²
 Georgia                                            Atlanta                  154,077 km²
 Hawaii                                             Honolulu                 16,377 km²
 Idaho                                              Boise                    216,632 km²
 Illinois                                           Springfield              149,998 km²




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                                                                   30
San Francisco                                           Facts about USA




 Indiana          Indianapolis           94,321 km²
 Iowa             Des Moines             145,743 km²
 Kansas           Topeka                 213,283 km²
 Kentucky         Frankfort              104,749 km²
 Louisiana        Baton Rouge            134,382 km²
 Maine            Augusta                86,542 km²
 Maryland         Annapolis              32,160 km²
 Massachusetts    Boston                 27,360 km²
 Michigan         Lansing                250,941 km²
 Minnesota        Saint Paul             225,362 km²
 Mississippi      Jackson                125,546 km²
 Missouri         Jefferson City         180,693 km²
 Montana          Helena                 381,156 km²
 Nebraska         Lincoln                200,520 km²
 Nevada           Carson City            286,367 km²
 New Hampshire    Concord                24,239 km²
 New Jersey       Trenton                22,608 km²
 New Mexico       Santa Fe               315,194 km²
 New York         Albany                 141,205 km²
 North Carolina   Raleigh                139,509 km²
 North Dakota     Bismarck               183,272 km²
 Ohio             Columbus               116,096 km²
 Oklahoma         Oklahoma City          181,196 km²
 Oregon           Salem                  255,026 km²
 Pennsylvania     Harrisburg             119,283 km²
 Rhode Island     Providence             4,005 km²
 South Carolina   Columbia               82,965 km²
 South Dakota     Pierre                 199,905 km²
 Tennessee        Nashville              109,247 km²
 Texas            Austin                 696,241 km²
 Utah             Salt Lake City         220,080 km²
 Vermont          Montpelier             24,923 km²
 Virginia         Richmond               110,862 km²
 Washington       Olympia                184,824 km²




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                               31
                          San Francisco                                                                          Facts about USA



                           West Virginia                                  Charleston              62,809 km²
                           Wisconsin                                      Madison                 140,662 km²
                           Wyoming                                        Cheyenne                253,554 km²
                           American Samoa**                               Pago Pago               199 km²
                           Guam**                                         Hagåtña                 541 km²
                           Northern Mariana Islands**                     Saipan                  477 km²
                           Puerto Rico**                                  San Juan                9.104 km²
                           US Virgin Islands**                            Charlotte Amalie        346 km²
                           * Federal capital, is not considered a state
                           ** Overseas territories
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                                                                                       32
San Francisco                                                Facts about USA




 Heads of State since 1789
 George Washington           1789-1797
 John Adams                  1797-1801
 Thomas Jefferson            1801-1809
 James Madison               1809-1817
 James Monroe                1817-1825
 John Quincy Adams           1825-1829
 Andrew Jackson              1829-1837
 Martin Van Buren            1837-1841
 William H. Harrison         1841-1841
 John Tyler                  1841-1845
 James K. Polk               1845-1849
 Zachary Taylor              1849-1850
 Millard Fillmore            1850-1853
 Franklin Pierce             1853-1857
 James Buchanan              1857-1861
 Abraham Lincoln             1861-1865
 Jefferson Davis*            1861-1865
 Andrew Johnson              1865-1869
 Ulysses S. Grant            1869-1877
 Rutherford B. Hayes         1877-1881
 James Garfield              1881-1881
 Chester A. Arthur           1881-1885
 Grover Cleveland            1885-1889
 Benjamin Harrison           1889-1893
 Grover Cleveland            1893-1897
 William McKinley            1897-1901
 Theodore Roosevelt          1901-1909
 William H. Taft             1909-1913
 Woodrow Wilson              1913-1921
 Warren G. Harding           1921-1923
 Calvin Coolidge             1923-1929
 Herbert Hoover              1929-1933
 Franklin D. Roosevelt       1933-1945




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                                    33
San Francisco                                                                                 Facts about USA



 Harry S. Truman                                       1945-1953
 Dwight D. Eisenhower                                  1953-1961
 John F. Kennedy                                      1961-1963
 Lyndon B. Johnson                                     1963-1969
 Richard Nixon                                         1969-1974
 Gerald Ford                                           1974-1977
 Jimmy Carter                                         1977-1981
 Ronald Reagan                                         1981-1989
 George H. W. Bush                                     1989-1993
 Bill Clinton                                          1993-2001
 George W. Bush                                        2001-
 * President of the Confederate States of America (The Southern States)



 Vice Presidents since 1929
 Charles Curtis                                       1929-1933
 John Nance Garner                                    1933-1941
 Henry A. Wallace                                     1941-1945
 Harry Truman                                          1945-1945
 Alben W. Barkley                                      1949-1953
 Richard M. Nixon                                      1953-1961
 Lyndon B. Johnson                                    1961-1963
 Hubert H. Humphrey Jr.                               1965-1969
 Spiro T. Agnew                                       1969-1973
 Gerald R. Ford                                        1973-1974
 Nelson A. Rockefeller                                1974-1977
 Walter F. Mondale                                    1977-1981
 George H. W. Bush                                     1981-1989
 J. Danforth Quayle                                    1989-1993
 Albert A. Gore Jr.                                   1993-2001
 Richard B. Cheney                                    2001-




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                                                                  34
                          San Francisco                                                               Facts about USA



                           Holidays
                           January 1                     New Years Day
                           Third Monday in January       Martin Luther King Day
                           January 20 every 4 years      Presidential inauguration
                           Third Monday in February      Washington’s birthday
                           Last Monday in May            Memorial Day
                           July 4                        Independence Day
                           First Monday in September     Labour Day
                           Second Monday in October      Columbus Day
                           November 11                   Veterans Day
                           Fourth Thursday in November   Thanksgiving Day
                           December 25                   Christmas Day
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                                                                 35
San Francisco                                                                 Facts about USA




 Various facts
 Currency                            US dollar
 Currency code                       USD
 Time zones                          Eastern Standard Time/EST (UTC-5)
                                     Central Standard Time/CST (UTC-6)
                                     Mountain Standard Time/MST (UTC-7)
                                     Pacific Standard Time/PST (UTC-8)
                                     Alaska Standard Time/ASKT (UTC-9)
                                     Aleutian Standard Time/AST (UTC-10)
                                     Hawaii Standard Time/HST (UTC-10)
 Postal Country code                 USA
 Internet domain                     .com
 Country calling code                +1




                              Mean temperature               Precipitation
 Climate – New York           °C                             millimetres
 January                      -0.2                           84
 February                     0.8                            79
 March                        5.7                            99
 April                        11.3                           93
 May                          17.0                           106
 June                         22.0                           85
 July                         24.8                           105
 August                       24.1                           104
 September                    20.1                           91
 October                      14.1                           84
 November                     8.6                            107
 December                     2.5                            92
 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com)




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                                               36
San Francisco                                                           Facts about USA



                              Mean temperature         Precipitation
 Climate – Miami              °C                       millimetres
 January                      6.9                      53
 February                     9.1                      45
 March                        11.9                     46
 April                        16.1                     19
 May                          20.8                     10
 June                         26.2                     9
 July                         28.4                     65
 August                       27.1                     77
 September                    24.3                     40
 October                      18.3                     33
 November                     11.7                     35
 December                     7.6                      59
 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com)


                              Mean temperature         Precipitation
 Climate – Denver             °C                       millimetres
 January                      -1.2                     14
 February                     0.7                      16
 March                        3.8                      34
 April                        9.0                      45
 May                          14.0                     63
 June                         19.3                     43
 July                         23.0                     47
 August                       21.8                     38
 September                    16.8                     28
 October                      10.7                     26
 November                     3.8                      23
 December                     -0.5                     15
 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com)




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                                               37
                          San Francisco                                                           Facts about USA




                                                        Mean temperature         Precipitation
                           Climate – Los Angeles        °C                       millimetres
                           January                      13.5                     67
                           February                     14.1                     59
                           March                        14.8                     46
                           April                        16.0                     22
                           May                          17.4                     3
                           June                         19.5                     1
                           July                         22.0                     0
                           August                       22.4                     3
                           September                    21.6                     5
                           October                      19.5                     8
                           November                     17.0                     40
                           December                     14.4                     40
                           Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com)
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                                                                         38
San Francisco                                                           Facts about USA




                              Mean temperature         Precipitation
 Climate – Seattle            °C                       millimetres
 January                      4.5                      141
 February                     6.3                      107
 March                        7.5                      94
 April                        9.5                      64
 May                          12.8                     42
 June                         16.0                     38
 July                         18.4                     20
 August                       18.6                     27
 September                    15.8                     47
 October                      11.5                     89
 November                     7.3                      149
 December                     4.7                      149
 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com)




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                                               39
San Francisco                    Kapiteloverskrift ONLIBRI




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                40