Travel to Paris by AijazAliMooro1

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									STIG ALBECK




TRAVEL TO PARIS




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Paris
© 2010 Stig Albeck & Ventus Publishing ApS
Translation: Carina Nimann Nielsen

All rights and copyright relating to the content of this
book are the property of Ventus Publishing ApS, and/or its
suppliers. Content from ths book, may not be reproduced
in any shape or form without prior written permission from
Ventus Publishing ApS.
Quoting this book is allowed when clear references are made,
in relation to reviews are allowed.

ISBN 978-87-7061-414-6
2nd edition

Pictures and illustrations in this book are reproduced according
to agreement with the following copyright owners

Stig Albeck.

The stated prices and opening hours are indicative and may
have be subject to change after this book was published.




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        4
Paris                                                                               A Visit to Paris




 A Visit to Paris
 www.paris-touristoffice.com
 www.franceguide.com

 Paris is the city of cities, the place where romance
 rules and evokes memories or dreams in everyone.
 And there is really something to get on to.

 Paris is one of the largest cities in Europe and the
 impressive dimensions can be experienced
 everywhere: In the Eiffel Tower, the large squares,
 the wide boulevards, the art collection of the Louvre,
 and last but not least, the fabulous Versailles where
 the Sun Kings lived their carefree lives during the
 time that lead up to the French Revolution.

 Paris has something to offer to everyone. There are
 first rate sights, fashion houses, parks, cafés and
 areas with an atmosphere of their own such as the
 Latin Quarter and Montmartre. The Parisians
 themselves and the special atmosphere in the city all
 adds up to an abundance of potential experiences.

 If you want to go outside the city centre, it only
 takes a short while before you can stroll through the
 park of Versailles, test yourself against the strong
 Gauls in Parc Asterix or go on a tour of the Walt
 Disney universe.

 Have a nice trip!




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                                                          5
Paris                                                                                              Historical outline



                                                                 In the 13th century, there were about 100,000
 Historical outline                                              inhabitants in Paris and it was during these years
                                                                 that France became a great power. Paris was a
                                                                 leading city financially and culturally and it was also
 During the centuries around the birth of Christ, the
                                                                 during this time that the parliament was founded.
 Celtic tribe Parisii settled on the Île de la Cité in the
 middle of the Seine, which is also part of the city
                                                                 The Hundred Years War between England and
 centre today.
                                                                 France began in 1337. The defeat in 1415 meant an
                                                                 English advance and Paris was occupied in 1420.
 The settlement was abandoned after being defeated
 by Roman troops under Caesar. Later, the Romans
                                                                 In 1429, Joan of Arc went to Paris and incited the
 founded the city Lutetia in the same place.
                                                                 troops to renewed resistance against England. Joan
                                                                 of Arc was wounded and captured by the English,
 Lutetia ceased to exist as a Roman city with the fall
                                                                 who burned her at the stake. After the French
 of the Roman Empire. In 360, the name of the city
                                                                 victory at Orléans and the following battles, the
 was changed to Paris after the previous Celtic
                                                                 English were driven out of Paris in 1437 and in
 inhabitants, and with the entry of the Franks in the
                                                                 1453 out of France entirely.
 5th century, the Roman period ended. In 508, the
 Christian King of the Franks, Clovis I, made Paris
                                                                 Throughout the Renaissance from the last half of
 the capital of his new kingdom. The importance of
                                                                 the 15th century, Paris underwent significant
 the city was reduced again during the 8th century,
                                                                 development. Again, many great buildings were
 however, when Aachen became the new capital.
                                                                 erected. In 1528, the construction of the Louvre
                                                                 Palace was begun by Francois I. Later kings have
 Throughout the 9th century, Danish Vikings
                                                                 had greater influence on the buildings, however.
 besieged the city on several occasions. Fighting and
 looting took place but more often than not, the
                                                                 In 1572, armed conflict broke out between the
 Vikings settled for a ransom to spare the city.
                                                                 Protestant Huguenots and Catholic groups. Severe
                                                                 fighting in connection with the wedding of Henry
 In 987, Paris became the capital of the kingdom
                                                                 of Navarre resulted in a massacre of the Huguenots.
 once again and the importance of the city increased.
                                                                 During the following years, the city was besieged by
 It became the beginning of a flourishing
                                                                 Catholics. In 1594, Henry of Navarre became a
 development and saw the construction of a number
                                                                 Catholic and king in Paris.
 of buildings that still stand today.
                                                                 At the beginning of the 17th century, construction
 In 1163, the construction of the Notre Dame
                                                                 was once again the order of the day and among
 Cathedral was begun. Les Halles from 1167, the first
                                                                 other things, the Pont-Neuf was built as the first
 construction of the Louvre, the Sainte Chapelle from
                                                                 bridge across the Seine.
 1248 and the Sorbonne from 1253 are other
 examples of the great progress that took place in
                                                                 After the Sun King Louis the XIV acceded the
 Paris. Large areas on the northern bank of the Seine
                                                                 throne in 1643, the building activities escalated.
 were drained and developed.
                                                                 The culmination was the glorious palace Versailles,
                                                                 which was constructed from 1676.




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                                                             6
                          Paris                                                                                                           Historical outline



                          The development continued steadily throughout the                               In 1889, Paris hosted the World Exhibition, whose
                          18th century under the absolute power of the Sun                                landmark was the Eiffel Tower. The Metro of Paris
                          Kings, and the tensions in society triggered the                                was opened in 1900 and in the same year the city
                          French Revolution on 14th July 1789 with the                                    hosted the Olympic Games. This was during the
                          storming of the Bastille. The rebellion against the                             prosperous Belle Époque, which is known for its
                          royal power became final in 1792 when the 1st                                   art nouveau.
                          French Republic was proclaimed.
                                                                                                          From 1940-1944, Paris was occupied by Germany,
                          In 1795, a royalist insurrection was suppressed by                              but because of the lack of industry, the city was
                          Napoleon, who became emperor of France in 1804                                  spared from bombings
                          at a ceremony in Notre Dame. He was forced to
                          abdicate in 1814 only to return in 1815. He was                                 In later years, France has established great, new
                          forced from power again that same year and exiled                               cultural institutions such as the Centre Pompidou
                          to the island of Saint Helena. Today, the Arc de                                and building projects such as the modern quarter La
                          Triomphe stands in Paris as a monument that was                                 Défense. Paris is – as always – undergoing
                          begun during Napoleon’s heyday.                                                 development.

                          During the 19th century, the old parts of the city
                          were heavily modernised. The renovation entailed
                          large, new, fashionable housing areas, and the
                          famous wide boulevards of Paris were built. The
                          Paris Commune was established in 1871.




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                                                                                                  7
Paris                                                                                                 Tour 1. Paris



                                                                Over the years, many events have taken place in
 Tour 1. Paris                                                  Notre Dame: Napoleon was crowned emperor here
                                                                on 1 December 1804 for instance. Today, Notre
                                                                Dame is a Catholic cathedral and the seat of the
 1. Île de la Cité                                              Archbishop of Paris.

                                                                The facade facing west is divided into five levels, a
                                                                tradition transferred from certain Romanesque
                                                                churches. From below, you can see the three
                                                                entrance portals, the Gallery of Kings (the row of
                                                                statues), the level with the rose window, the Gallery
                                                                of Chimeras and finally the two towers.
 Île de la Cité
 Metro: Cité                                                    There are three large rose windows in the Notre
 The island Île de la Cité is where Paris was founded. It       Dame, one in the facade facing west and one in the
 is one of two islands in the Seine in the heart of the         facades facing south and north respectively. The
 French capital (the other one is Île Saint Louis). When        windows have been constructed during the 12th
 the city was founded, the Celtic people Parisii lived on       and 13th century and the windows facing west and
 the island, which for a while was Roman before the             north are still relatively original. The church room
 construction of the present, famous French buildings           itself, from where it is possible to look at the rose
 were begun – Notre Dame being the first.                       windows and many other interesting details, is 34
                                                                meters high.
 2. Notre Dame
                                                                It is possible to take an exciting trip to the top of
                                                                the 69 meters high towers. There is a good view of
                                                                the roofs of Paris from here and the famous
                                                                chimera monsters are found here. In the south
                                                                tower, you can see the bell Emmanuel, which
                                                                weighs 13,000 kilos.

                                                                In the square right in front of Notre Dame the zero
                                                                plate, Point Zéro, is found, from which distances
                                                                from Paris are measured.




 Place du parvis de Notre Dame
 www.notredamedeparis.fr
 Metro: Cité
 Notre Dame is the impressive Gothic cathedral of
 Paris built from 1163-1330. Notre Dame is a
 significant cultural treasure and it is possible to
 spend hours here.




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                                                            8
Paris                                                                                              Tour 1. Paris



 3. Crypte Archéologique                                    The present buildings are not the original ones
                                                            from the time of the French kings. Three preserved
                                                            towers from the Middle Ages can be seen, however:
                                                            The Caesar Tower, the Silver Tower and the
                                                            Bonbec Tower. The general impression that you get
                                                            today comes from the latest major renovation,
                                                            which took place in 1858.
 Place du parvis de Notre Dame
                                                            In 1914, the prison was closed and instead the
 Metro: Cité
                                                            Conciergerie reopened as a national monument.
 On the square opposite the Notre Dame, you will
                                                            There is access to part of the buildings that are also
 find the entrance to the Roman ruins of the early
                                                            used by the Court of Justice of Paris. The most
 history of Paris. There are also sketches and models
                                                            impressive sight when touring the buildings is the
 of Paris from the time when the city was called
                                                            hall Salle des Gens d’Armes where the Royal Guard
 Lutetia by the Romans.
                                                            lived. The Hall dates back to the 14th century and is
                                                            65 metres long and 27.5 metres wide.
 4. Conciergerie
                                                            5. Palais de Justice




 Quai de l’Horloge 1
 http://conciergerie.monuments-nationaux.fr
 Metro: Cité
 The Conciergerie building was originally part of the
                                                            Boulevard du Palais
 residential palace of the French kings before the
                                                            www.ca-paris.justice.fr/cour
 royal court was moved across the Seine to the
                                                            Metro: Cité
 Louvre in 1358. One of the special purposes of the
                                                            Palais de Justice is a large complex of buildings that
 Conciergerie was to house the Royal Ministry of
                                                            houses various courts of justice. The area is more
 Finance and Taxation. From 1391, the building was
                                                            than 4 hectares and there are 24 kilometres of
 converted into a prison, something that has
                                                            corridors, 7,000 doors and 3,150 windows in the
 happened to the Conciergerie many times through
                                                            buildings.
 history. A number of prominent prisoners have
 occupied the cells of the building, including the
                                                            The buildings were originally part of the royal
 French Queen Marie Antoinette.
                                                            residence, which were built under King Louis IX.
                                                            Most of the present court buildings are from the
                                                            18th century, however.




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                                                        9
                          Paris                                                                                       Tour 1. Paris



                           6. Sainte Chapelle                                   Sainte Chapelle was constructed from 1246 to 1248
                                                                                as a chapel in the newly built residential buildings.
                                                                                King Louis IX bought relics of Christ from the
                                                                                emperor in Constantinople. Among the relics were
                                                                                the crown of thorns of Christ and a piece of the
                                                                                cross from the crucifixion of Christ.

                                                                                In the church, there is a lower chapel, which
                                                                                functioned as an ordinary church for the staff of the
                                                                                residential palace, and the grandiose upper chapel,
                                                                                which was the king’s private chapel.

                                                                                A visit to Sainte Chapelle is a fantastic experience,
                                                                                not least because of the many stained glass windows,
                                                                                which depict the story of the Bible in more than
                                                                                1,100 images. The windows are considered among
                                                                                the finest in the world and the majority of them are
                                                                                original.

                           Boulevard du Paris 4
                           http://sainte-chapelle.monuments-nationaux.fr
                           Metro: Cité
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                                                                           10
Paris                                                                                                Tour 1. Paris



 7. Pont-neuf                                                  Quai de Conti 11
                                                               www.monnaiedeparis.com
                                                               Metro: Odéon
                                                               The Musée de la Monnaie is the former mint of
                                                               Paris, erected 1767-1775. Coins were struck here
                                                               until 1973, but now it is a museum.

                                                               9. Église de Saint-Germain-des-Prés

 Pont-neuf
 Metro: Pont-neuf
 The Pont-neuf bridge is the oldest bridge across the
 Seine in Paris. It was built from 1578 to 1607. The
 Pont-neuf connects the banks of the Seine via Île de
 la Cité. The bridge is 278 metres long and 28 metres
 wide.

 At the Pont-neuf Bridge on Île de la Cité, a statue of
 Henri V on horseback can be seen. It was originally
 set up in 1614 but destroyed in 1792 during the
 French Revolution. In 1818, it was recreated from
 the original casts and the metal from two statues of
 Napoleon.

 8. Musée de la Monnaie



                                                               Place St-Germain-des-Prés
                                                               www.eglise-sgp.org
                                                               Metro: St-Germain-des-Prés
                                                               The St-Germain-des-Prés Church is the oldest in
                                                               Paris. It dates back to 542. The main part of the
                                                               present exterior was built in the 11th century,
                                                               however, but there are still elements of the original
                                                               building. The bell tower was constructed from 990
                                                               to 1014 and it is the oldest preserved bell tower in
                                                               France.

                                                               The church was built as a Benedictine abbey church
                                                               and it was a burial place for the Merovingian kings.
                                                               A fire destroyed the other buildings in the abbey
                                                               complex in 1794.



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                                                          11
Paris                                                                                                 Tour 1. Paris


 10. Cour de Rohan                                              12. Palais de Luxembourg
 Rue de Jardinet
 Metro: Odéon
 The name Cour de Rohan covers three preserved
 courtyards from medieval Paris. It is a small oasis in
 the city and a unique opportunity for a meeting with
 the French capital of the 15th century.

 11. Église Saint-Sulpice



                                                                Rue de Vaugirard 19
                                                                www.museeduluxembourg.fr
                                                                www.senat.fr
                                                                Metro: Saint-Sulpice, Odéon
                                                                The big palacial mansion, the Palais de Luxembourg
                                                                was originally built for Maria de Medici, who was
                                                                the mother of King Louis XIII and Henri VII’s
                                                                widow. It was built at the beginning of the 17th
                                                                century but changed considerably on several
                                                                occasions throughout the 19th century.

                                                                The Palais de Luxembourg was Napoleon’s first
                                                                residence in Paris and from 1940 to 1944, it was the
                                                                headquarters of the Luftwaffe. Today, the building
                                                                houses the French Senate.

                                                                Behind the Palais, the beautiful Luxembourg
                                                                Gardens are situated with their great fountains. In
                                                                the complex, the museum Musée de Luxembourg
 Place Saint-Sulpice                                            has been set up and here it is possible to see various
 www.paroisse-saint-sulpice-paris.org                           art exhibitions.
 Metro: Saint-Sulpice
 The St-Sulpice Church is the second biggest in Paris
 (surpassed only by the Notre Dame). It is 113 metres
 long, 58 metres wide and 34 metres high. A
 Romanesque church building used to stand here but
 it was demolished to make room for the St-Sulpice,
 which was built from 1646 to 1780.

 The church offers the biggest organ in France with
 no less than 15,836 organ pipes. It is also possible to
 see the original Parisian meridian line, which consists
 of an 11 metres tall obelisk with the actual meridian
 line in front of it.

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                                                           12
                          Paris                                                   Tour 1. Paris

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                                                      13
Paris                                                                                               Tour 2. Paris



                                                              Rue Monge 47
 Tour 2. Paris                                                Metro: Cardinal Lemoine
                                                              This Roman arena was built in Lutetia and it seated
                                                              15,000 spectators. It was erected in the 2nd century
 13. Panthéon                                                 and the remains were found during excavations in
                                                              1869. It is one of the only major, preserved
                                                              buildings in Paris from the time of the Romans.

                                                              During the invasion of the Barbarians around 280,
                                                              some of the stones of the arena were taken and
                                                              used to build ramparts on Île de la Cité. The arena
                                                              was later turned into a cemetery and in the 13th
                                                              century, the place was filled up with soil. Today, the
                                                              arena is part of a public park.

 Place du Panthéon                                            15. Val-de-Grâce
 http://pantheon.monuments-nationaux.fr
 Metro: Cardinal Lemoine
 The Paris Panthéon was completed in 1790. It was
 originally built as a church for Saint Geneviève, who
 is patron saint of Paris. The name Panthéon is Greek
 and means the temple for all the gods.

 King Louis XV began the construction work. In
 1744, he promised himself he would erect a great
 church here if he got over his severe illness. The
 king got well and the building of the church was
 begun in 1758.
                                                              Place A. Laveran
 Apart from the interesting and beautiful interior of         Metro: Gobelins
 the church, the Panthéon houses a number of                  After 23 years of childless marriage, King Louis
 sepulchral monuments for known Frenchmen,                    XIII and Queen Anne had a baby, who later
 including Emile Zola, Victor Hugo and Voltaire.              became King Louis XIV. In joy and gratitude to the
                                                              Virgin Mary, Anne had the Val-de-Grâce erected.
 14. Arènes de Lutèce                                         The boy, the coming Louis XIV, laid the
                                                              cornerstone for the church in 1645 when he was 7
                                                              years old. The church was completed in 1667.

                                                              The Val-de-Grâce with its beautiful dome of gilded
                                                              lead is considered one of the most brilliant Baroque
                                                              buildings in Paris. In connection with the Val-de-
                                                              Grâce, there was a Benedictine convent where
                                                              many sick and wounded people were treated during
                                                              the Revolution. After the Revolution, a real hospital
                                                              was set up in the convent buildings.

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                                                         14
Paris                                                                                               Tour 2. Paris



 16. Observatoire de Paris                                    17. Tour Montparnasse




 Avenue de l’Observatoire
 www.obspm.fr
 Metro: Denfert-Rochereau
 The idea of the Paris Observatory came from King
 Louis XIV´s minister of finance, Jean-Baptiste
 Colbert, who wanted to strengthen the maritime
 power and international trade of France, something
 that called for navigational skills.

 The construction work was begun in 1667 and in               Rue de l’Arrivée
 1672, the Observatory was completed. Already                 www.tour-montparnasse.com
 during the first year, the solar system was measured;        Metro: Montparnasse-Bienvenue
 later the speed of light was measured and the planet         Tour Montparnasse is a modern skyscraper and was
 Neptune was discovered from here in 1846.                    built as the tallest in France in the period from 1969
                                                              to 1973. It is 210 metres tall and among the tallest
 The Observatory is placed on and is the basis of the         office buildings in Europe. On the 56th floor there is
 Parisian Meridian, which was acknowledged in                 a restaurant and on the 58th floor an observation
 France until 1911. The meridian itself can be seen on        deck. Both places offer one of the best views in Paris.
 the floor in the Meridian Room.




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                          Paris                               Tour 2. Paris

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                                  16
Paris                                                                                              Tour 3. Paris




 Tour 3. Paris                                               19. Hôtel des Invalides



 18. Dôme/the Invalides




                                                             Esplanade des Invalides
                                                             www.invalides.org
                                                             Metro: Varenne
                                                             Louis XIV built the colossal military hospital in the
                                                             period from 1671 to 1676. The buildings were both
                                                             for the treatment of wounded French soldiers and
                                                             set up as a home to war veterans. The facade is
                                                             almost 200 metres wide and the buildings contain
 Esplanade des Invalides                                     no less than 15 inner courtyards.
 www.invalides.org
 Metro: Varenne                                              There is another church in the complex apart from
 The Dôme church is among the best examples of               the Dôme, namely the Saint-Louis-des-Invalides,
 French Baroque architecture from the 17th century.          popularly called the Soldiers’ Church. The church
 Louis XIV erected the Dôme to house the sepulchral          was consecrated in 1708.
 monuments of the French Sun Kings but this never
 came to be, as it was not completed until 1735,
 approximately 20 years after the death of Louis XIV.

 Today, the church is mostly known for housing the
 tomb of Napoleon, which was constructed centrally
 in an open crypt below the big dome decorated with
 the paintings of la Fosses from 1692 depicting the
 glory of Paradise. Besides the tomb of Napoleon, it
 is possible to see the tombs of other prominent
 Frenchmen, including Napoleon II and Ferdinand
 Foch, who was a French field marshal during the
 First World War.




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                                                        17
Paris                                                                                                  Tour 3. Paris



 20. Champ de Mars                                              21. Tour Eiffel




 Champ de Mars                                                  Champ de Mars
 Metro: École Militaire                                         www.tour-eiffel.fr
 The Champ de Mars are the large lawns where the                Metro: Bir Hakeim
 cadets of the Military Academy used to be paraded.             Gustave Eiffel’s world famous Eiffel Tower was
 The Academy, Ècole Militaire, lies to the south and            constructed for the World Exhibition in 1889 as a
 the Eiffel Tower is to the north west.                         temporary monument to French engineering. Fate
                                                                decided otherwise, however, and the Tower stayed.
 The Champ de Mars was also the scene of many of                Today, it is one of the most famous buildings in the
 the historic ascents by balloon, including the first of        world.
 its kind in 1783. The lawns also housed part of the
 World Exhibition in 1889.                                      The Tower is 319 metres tall and it was the tallest
                                                                building in the world until 1931 when the Empire
                                                                State Building in New York took over this status.

                                                                The first level on the way to the top is at a height of
                                                                57 metres and here there is a description of the
                                                                history of the Tower. The second level is at a height
                                                                of 115 metres, while the top is 274 metres above
                                                                Paris. Going up by elevator is an experience in itself
                                                                and here you can see Gustave Eiffel’s flat.

                                                                Opposite the Tower on the other side of the Seine,
                                                                the Palais de Chaillot is situated. It was built in
                                                                Neoclassical style for the World Exhibition in 1937.
                                                                There are many museums here, always a lively street
                                                                life and a fantastic view of the Eiffel Tower.


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                                                           18
Paris                                                                                                 Tour 4. Paris


                                                               The Place des Vosges was laid out in Renaissance
 Tour 4. Paris                                                 style at the beginning of the 17th century inspired
                                                               by Italian architecture. It was originally called the
                                                               Place Royale and considered one of the finest
 22. Place de la Bastille                                      squares in the world with its splendid buildings in
                                                               perfect geometry. The dimensions of the Square are
                                                               140x140 metres.

                                                               The Place des Vosges has a friendly atmosphere
                                                               with its elegant park. Centrally placed in the park
                                                               there is a statue of King Louis XIII on horseback.
                                                               It was erected for the first time in the 17th century
                                                               but was melted down during the Revolution. The
                                                               present statue is from 1818.

                                                               24. Maison de Victor Hugo

 Place de la Bastille
 Metro: Bastille
 It was here the French Revolution began on 14 July
 1789 with the storming of the Bastille – the fortified
 prison of the French Kings. The prison was
 demolished in 1789-1790.

 Centrally placed in the square is the July Column,
 Colonne de Juillet, a memorial to the July Revolution
 in 1830. The big, modern glass building on the Place
 de la Bastille is the new Opera of Paris, which was
 inaugurated in 1989. Until 1984, the Bastille Train
 Station was situated where the Opera is now.

 23. Place des Vosges




                                                               Place des Vosges 6
                                                               www.musee-hugo.paris.fr
                                                               Metro: Bastille
                                                               Victor Hugo wrote, among other things, most of
                                                               Les Miserables during his stay in the house in Place
                                                               des Vosges in 1832-1848. Apart from the story of
                                                               the author and his writings, it is possible to see the
                                                               furnishing of his time.
 Place des Vosges
 Metro: Bastille

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                                                          19
Paris                                                                                                Tour 4. Paris



 25. Musée Carnavalet                                          The building Hôtel Sâle from 1656-1659 houses
                                                               one of the greatest collections of Picasso’s work.
                                                               Picasso’s artistic life all the way from his blue
                                                               period can be seen in the many paintings, drawings
                                                               and collages.

                                                               27. Centre Pompidou




 Rue de Sévigné 23
 www.carnavalet.paris.fr
 Metro: St-Paul
 The Musée Carnavalet is the city museum of Paris.
                                                               Place Beaubourg
 The size of the museum is considerable and it is set
                                                               www.cnac-gp.fr
 up in two historic mansion buildings. The main
                                                               Metro: Rambuteau
 building is the Hotel Carnavalet, which was built in
                                                               The Pompidou Centre, which is also called the
 1548, and since 1989, the Hôtel le Peletier from the
                                                               Beaubourg Centre, was opened in 1977 as the new
 17th century has also functioned as a museum
                                                               community centre of Paris. It is named after
 building.
                                                               Georges Pompidou, who was the President of
                                                               France from 1969 to 1974. The house itself is very
 In the museum, the history of Paris is described and
                                                               characteristic with the exposed pipes on the outside
 there are entire halls and rooms set up as they would
                                                               of the building. The colours of the pipes indicate
 have been in earlier times. In the courtyard, there is
                                                               their function: The blue pipes are ventilation pipes,
 one of the few surviving statues of Louis XIV.
                                                               the green ones are water pipes and the yellow pipes
                                                               are electric cables. Elevators and escalators for the
 26. Musée Picasso
                                                               convenience of the visitors are red.

                                                               In the Pompidou Centre, you will find the National
                                                               Museum of Modern Art, Musée National d’Art
                                                               Moderne, which holds art from 1914 until today.
                                                               Among the more than 50,000 objects of art, you
                                                               can see works of for instance Miró, Matisse and
                                                               Kandinsky.

                                                               Three floors of the Pompidou Centre have been set
                                                               up as a public library, Bibliothèque publique
                                                               d’information, and on top of the building, there is a
                                                               platform with a great view of Paris
 Rue de Thorigny 5
 www.musee-picasso.fr
 Metro: St-Sebastian
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                                                          20
                          Paris                                                                                                                   Tour 4. Paris



                           28. Place Igor Stravinski                                                   29. Hôtel de Ville




                                                                                                       Place de l’Hôtel de Ville
                           Place Igor Stravinski
                                                                                                       www.paris.fr
                           Metro: Rambuteau
                                                                                                       Metro: Hôtel de Ville
                           In the Stravinski square just south of the Pompidou
                                                                                                       The town hall of Paris was erected in 1882 after a
                           Centre, you will find the colourful and charming
                                                                                                       model of the town hall from the 17th century,
                           modern fountains, which elegantly represents the
                                                                                                       which was burned down during the Communard
                           works of Stravinski.
                                                                                                       insurrection in 1872. It is possible to take a tour of
                                                                                                       the town hall and its beautiful interior.




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                                                                                              21
Paris                                                                                              Tour 4. Paris



 Over the years, the square in front of the building        31. Bourse du Commerce
 has seen many of the executions in the city;
 executions, which in some cases meant being drawn
 and quartered. The square has housed the town halls
 of the city since 1357.

 30. Forum des Halles




                                                            Rue Viarmes 2
                                                            Metro: Les Halles
                                                            The Bourse du Commerce is the old grain exchange
                                                            of Paris. It was originally erected in the 18th century
                                                            and rebuilt in 1889. This peculiar, round building
                                                            houses, among other things, the Chamber of
                                                            Commerce of Paris and it is well worth a visit.
 Porte Berger 101
 www.forumdeshalles.com
 Metro: Les Halles                                          32. Palais Royal
 Forum des Halles is one of the modern shopping
 centres of Paris. It was built in 1979 in the place
 where the old market of the city was until it was
 demolished in 1971. The choice of architecture was
 disputed but the arrangement of the centre differs
 from ordinary centres as the shops are placed
 underground with a large, central opening towards          Place du Palais Royal
 the sky. Among other things, you can see fountains         http://palais-royal.monuments-nationaux.fr
 and mosaic work.                                           www.conseil-
                                                            etat.fr/ce/histoi/index_hp_vg00.shtml
                                                            Metro: Palais Royal
                                                            Cardinal Richelieu built this palatial mansion at the
                                                            beginning of the 17th century. Richelieu lived here
                                                            himself. When he died, he left the mansion by will
                                                            to the king. Louis XIV grew up here and the
                                                            mansion was named the Royal Mansion, Palais
                                                            Royal. Today, the building houses a number of
                                                            government functions and ministerial offices.




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                                                       22
Paris                               Tour 4. Paris




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        23
                          Paris                                                                                                       Tour 5. Paris



                                                               This grand museum, Musée d’Orsay, whose
                           Tour 5. Paris                       collections cover the period from 1848 to 1914, is
                                                               set up in the old Orsay railway station, which was
                                                               built in 1900. The station was the terminus of the
                           33. Musée d’Orsay                   Paris-Orléans railway, but already in 1939, it proved
                                                               too small for the purpose and after servicing local
                                                               trains for some years, it was closed. In 1958, the
                                                               building became historic when Charles de Gaulle
                                                               held a press conference here, which actually made
                                                               him the new President of France.

                                                               The railway station building was designed and built
                                                               as a small palace because it had to be in harmony
                           Rue de Bellechasse 1                with the Louvre on the other side of the Seine. This
                           www.musee-orsay.fr                  is also evident in the beautiful interior, which
                           Metro: Solférino                    houses one of the national museums of art. Works
                           RER: Musée d’Orsay                  of e.g. Manet, Rodin and Gaugin are exhibited here
                                                               and also some of Monet’s paintings.




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                                                  24
Paris                                                                                                Tour 5. Paris



 34. Musée de Louvre                                            The courtyard in the Louvre is called the Carrousel
                                                                and this is where the triumphal arch, Arc de
                                                                Triomphe du Carrousel, is found. Napoleon had
                                                                the arch erected 1806-1808 as a monument to the
                                                                French military victory at Austerlitz in 1805.

                                                                In 1989, the characteristic glass pyramid was erected
                                                                in the courtyard of the Louvre as a new main
                                                                entrance to the great art museum. The architect
                                                                behind the 20-metre tall pyramid is Ieoh Ming Pei.

                                                                The collections inside the Louvre Museum are
                                                                enormous – enough for several days of visits.
                                                                Among the highlights are Leonardo da
                                                                Vinci’s ”Mona Lisa”, which can be found in the
                                                                Denon wing, and ”Venus de Milo”, the Greek
                                                                statue from the 2nd century B.C, which is in the
                                                                central Sully wing.

                                                                Generally, the art work of the museum dates up to
                                                                1850, and there are separate exhibitions of Roman,
                                                                Greek, Oriental, Etruscan and Egyptian prehistoric
                                                                finds together with other collections of e.g.
                                                                European painting. Inside the Louvre buildings,
                                                                you will also find the Musée de la Mode et du
 Cour Napoléon                                                  Textile (design and fashion) and the Musée des Art
 www.louvre.fr                                                  Décoratifs (applied art). They have both been set
 Metro: Musée de Louvre                                         up in the Denon wing. Note, that the entrance to
 The world famous Louvre Museum is set up in the                the museums is on Rue de Rivoli.
 former royal palace, which was founded in 1190 by
 King Philippe II. Originally, it was a defensive castle
 meant to protect Paris, which was situated on the
 Isle de la Cité, against conquerors.

 The construction of the present Louvre buildings
 was begun in 1535. Around 1600, King Henri IV
 erected the famous Grande Galerie. At the
 beginning of the 17th century, Louis XIII had the
 two wings of the palace erected – the so-called
 Denon and Richelieu wings. Catherine de Medici,
 however, began the Denon wing, as early as 1560.
 After the French Revolution, the palace was opened
 to the public as a museum in 1793. Throughout the
 19th century, the former royal residence was also
 extended and renovated.

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                                                           25
Paris                                                                                                 Tour 5. Paris



 35. Jardin des Tuileries                                      36. Place de la Concorde




                                                               Place de la Concorde
 Terrasse des Tuileries                                        Metro: Concorde
 Metro: Tuileries                                              In the Concorde square, which was laid out in 1750,
 The Jardin des Tuileries is an elegant French garden,         the 3300 year-old Egyptian obelisk is situated. It is
 which was laid out as a palace park under Louis XIV           23 metres tall, made of granite and it depicts the life
 in the 1660s. The name originates from the palace             of Ramses II in hieroglyphs. The Place de la
 that was placed here until 1871, the Palais des               Concorde was the scene of more than 1300
 Tuileries.                                                    beheadings after the French Revolution, including
                                                               that of Louis XIV.
 Palais des Tuileries was planned and begun in 1564
 by Henri II’s widow, Catherine de Medici. In the              From the Place de la Concorde you can see the
 17th century, the palace was extended so it became            Assemblée Nationale – the French National
 connected to the Louvre.                                      Assembly - on the other side of the Seine. The
                                                               palace building was constructed in 1728 and it is
 Louis XIV lived here while Versailles was being built,        possible to go on a guided tour.
 and during the Revolution Louis was forced from
 Versailles to the Palais Tuileries. 1789 was also the         To the north along the Rue Royale, you will find
 year when the new parliament established itself               the Church of the Madeleine constructed in Greek
 temporarily in the indoor riding academy of the               temple style. The Church of the Madeleine was
 Tuileries, Salle du Manège, which was one of the              consecrated in 1842.
 biggest halls in the city.

 To the west in the Jardin des Tuileries, there are two
 exhibition buildings with brilliant works of art of
 Monet and Matisse and others. The buildings were
 orangery and Jeu de Paume-hall respectively. Jeu de
 Paume was the forerunner of modern tennis.




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                                                          26
                          Paris                                                                                                            Tour 5. Paris



                           37. Champs-Elysées                                              Along the Champs-Elysées, there are a number of
                                                                                           famous and exciting buildings, cafés and exclusive
                                                                                           shops. A couple of hundred metres from the
                                                                                           Tuileries on the right side, you will find the Elysée
                                                                                           Palace, which is the residence of the French
                                                                                           President. On the opposite side of the boulevard,
                                                                                           you can see three buildings that were all erected for
                                                                                           World Exhibitions: The Petit Palais and the
                                                                                           Grand Palais (both from the Exhibition in 1900)
                                                                                           and the Palais de la Découverte (from the 1937
                                                                                           exhibition).

                           Champs-Elysées
                                                                                           The Champ-Elysées is approximately two
                           Metro: Champs Elysées Clémenceau
                                                                                           kilometres long and the central part between the
                           The world-famous boulevard Champs-Elysées was
                                                                                           Place de la Concorde and the Triumphal Arch is
                           laid out from the Jardin des Tuileries as an avenue
                                                                                           called the Triumphal Way - la Voie Triomphale
                           lined with trees in 1667. In 1709, it got its name after
                           the Elysian Fields of Greek mythology.




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                                                                                      27
Paris                                                                                              Tour 5. Paris



 38. Triumfbuen/Arc du Triomphe                             39. Opéra Garnier




                                                            Place de l’Opéra
                                                            www.opera-de-paris.fr
                                                            Metro: Opéra
                                                            The old Paris Opera from 1875 seats 2,200 people.
                                                            The building is also called the Palais Garnier after
 Place Charles de Gaulle
                                                            its architect. The building style is new Baroque and
 http://arc-de-triomphe.monuments-
                                                            the Opera has served as an inspiration to several
 nationaux.fr
                                                            opera houses all over the world.
 Metro: Charles de Gaulle Etoille
 Inspired by the Romans, Napoleon began the
                                                            The halls inside the opera building are impressive,
 erection of the Arc du Triomphe in 1805, but it was
                                                            especially the big marble staircase and the great hall
 not completed until 1836. The reliefs show
                                                            with its ceiling painting from 1964 by Marc Chagall.
 Napoleon’s victories and impressions of the
                                                            There is also a minor opera museum here.
 Revolution. Underneath the Arch, there is a
 memorial to the Unknown Soldier.

 The Arch is 50 metres tall and from the top it is
 possible to see the axis from the Louvre to the new
 Triumphal Arch in la Défense. This view really does
 justice to the Champs-Elysées.




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                                                       28
Paris                                                                                               Tour 5. Paris



 40. Moulin Rouge                                             41. Basilique du Sacré-Coeur




 Boulevard de Clichy 82
 www.moulinrouge.fr
 Metro: Pigalle
 The Moulin Rouge in the district of Pigalle is one of
 the traditional cabarets of Paris. The name means
 the Red Windmill and that is also the sign on the
 roof by the entrance.

 The Moulin Rouge opened in 1889 and over the                 Parvis du Sacré Coeur
 years many stars have performed here, including              www.sacre-coeur-montmartre.com
 Edith Piaf, Frank Sinatra and Josephine Baker.               Metro: Abbesses
                                                              The Montmartre Hill is the highest point in Paris
                                                              and the beautiful Basilica of Sacré Coeur is situated
                                                              on top of it. The 83 metre-tall, white Sacre Coeur
                                                              was built from 1875-1914. The style is a blend but
                                                              with a clear Byzantine inspiration.

                                                              The name Sacré Coeur means (Jesus´) sacred heart.
                                                              Inside the building, you can see a mosaic of Christ
                                                              and it is possible to enter the dome.

                                                              The area in front of the Sacré Coeur (and in
                                                              Montmartre around the Place du Tertre) is always
                                                              full of life and from here you may enjoy a unique
                                                              view of all of Paris.

                                                              You can go some of the way to the Sacré Coeur by
                                                              the funicular, which leaves within walking distance
                                                              from the metro. Pay special attention to the
                                                              Abesses-metro station, which is one of the few
                                                              remaining stations in the original Parisian art
                                                              nouveau style.
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                                                         29
                          Paris                                                                                                                  Tour 5. Paris




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                                                                                            30
Paris                                                                                        Day tours from Paris



                                                                42a. Château de Versailles
 Day tours from Paris

 42. Versailles




                                                                Place d’Armes
                                                                www.chateauversailles.fr
                                                                The original Versailles was built from 1624 to 1632
                                                                as Louis XIII’s hunting lodge. In 1661, his son, Louis
 Versailles, 30 km SW                                           XIV, decided to build a unique and grandiose palace
 www.versailles-tourisme.com                                    and move the royal residence from the centre of
 RER: Versailles – Rive Gauche, Château de                      Paris to Versailles. In 1682, the Palace of Versailles
 Versailles                                                     was completed and it became the absolute centre of
 The Sun Kings’ huge and beautiful palace complex is            power in France where the king and the government
 a must for tourists in Paris. The complex consists of          resided. Louis XIV lived here until he died in 1715.
 the Palace, the surrounding park and the various               Later, Louis XV and Louis XIV lived in the palace
 buildings within the vast area. It is a good idea to go        before the French Revolution broke out. After some
 there by the RER train. It is not a long walk from             decades of disuse, the palace was opened as a
 the station and as soon as you look through the main           museum for the first time in 1830, but the number of
 gate towards the marble courtyard, you will be                 visitors did not really amount to anything until
 impressed.                                                     thorough restorations were carried out at the
                                                                beginning of the 20th century.

                                                                In the palace, it is possible to take a guided tour of
                                                                the different halls and rooms or you may go on
                                                                your own. The Salon Mercure is where Louis XV
                                                                lay in state for eight days. The famous Hall of
                                                                Mirrors, Galerie des Glaces, is the lavishly adorned
                                                                70 metre-long hall facing the park. It was used for
                                                                official receptions. All in all, there are 357 mirrors
                                                                in the hall. France requested that the signing of the
                                                                peace treaty of Versailles to end World War I took
                                                                place in the Hall of Mirrors. The Palace Church is
                                                                another highlight with some of the most beautiful
                                                                interior in the entire Palace.




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                                                           31
Paris                                                                                        Day tours from Paris



                                                                42a. Château de Versailles
 Day tours from Paris

 42. Versailles




                                                                Place d’Armes
                                                                www.chateauversailles.fr
                                                                The original Versailles was built from 1624 to 1632
                                                                as Louis XIII’s hunting lodge. In 1661, his son, Louis
 Versailles, 30 km SW                                           XIV, decided to build a unique and grandiose palace
 www.versailles-tourisme.com                                    and move the royal residence from the centre of
 RER: Versailles – Rive Gauche, Château de                      Paris to Versailles. In 1682, the Palace of Versailles
 Versailles                                                     was completed and it became the absolute centre of
 The Sun Kings’ huge and beautiful palace complex is            power in France where the king and the government
 a must for tourists in Paris. The complex consists of          resided. Louis XIV lived here until he died in 1715.
 the Palace, the surrounding park and the various               Later, Louis XV and Louis XIV lived in the palace
 buildings within the vast area. It is a good idea to go        before the French Revolution broke out. After some
 there by the RER train. It is not a long walk from             decades of disuse, the palace was opened as a
 the station and as soon as you look through the main           museum for the first time in 1830, but the number of
 gate towards the marble courtyard, you will be                 visitors did not really amount to anything until
 impressed.                                                     thorough restorations were carried out at the
                                                                beginning of the 20th century.

                                                                In the palace, it is possible to take a guided tour of
                                                                the different halls and rooms or you may go on
                                                                your own. The Salon Mercure is where Louis XV
                                                                lay in state for eight days. The famous Hall of
                                                                Mirrors, Galerie des Glaces, is the lavishly adorned
                                                                70 metre-long hall facing the park. It was used for
                                                                official receptions. All in all, there are 357 mirrors
                                                                in the hall. France requested that the signing of the
                                                                peace treaty of Versailles to end World War I took
                                                                place in the Hall of Mirrors. The Palace Church is
                                                                another highlight with some of the most beautiful
                                                                interior in the entire Palace.




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                                                           32
                          Paris                                                                                       Day tours from Paris



                          In the 1330s, the erection of the 52 metre-tall                 44. Claude Monet à Giverny
                          fortified tower was begun. It was the highest
                          fortified building in Europe at the time. The other
                          buildings are the result of later reconstructions. In
                          the 17th century, the last major reconstructions and
                          extensions were carried out and from then on the
                          kings concentrated on Versailles.

                          The relics of the Sainte Chapelle were kept at the
                          Château de Vincennes for a time until they could be
                          installed in the new church in the central Royal
                          Palace of Paris. Today, the well-preserved palace is a
                          combination of a palace and a real medieval castle.
                          The 14th century tower and the palace church are a              Rue Claude Monet 84, Giverny, 70 km W
                          few of the buildings that can be visited. In the palace,        www.giverny.org/monet/welcome.htm
                          there is also established a museum that deals with              Station: Vernon
                          local history.                                                  The village of Giverny is where Claude Monet’s
                                                                                          house and adjoining garden is situated. This garden
                                                                                          was where many of the artist’s motifs originated. A
                                                                                          visitor walking in the garden can almost imagine
                                                                                          himself in the paintings at the sight of the water
                                                                                          lilies and the Japanese bridge. Claude Monet lived
                                                                                          here from 1883 until he died in 1926.
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                                                                                     33
Paris                                                                                          Day tours from Paris



 Close to Monet’s house, a museum features works of              The name La Défense comes from a statue from
 the impressionist painters who stayed in the village            1883, La Défense de Paris, in remembrance of the
 at the same time as Monet.                                      defence of Paris during the German siege in 1870.

 45. Musée Marmottan Monet                                       At the beginning of the 1950s, the first buildings
                                                                 emerged in the modern La Défense. The Esso
 Rue Louis-Boilly 2, 7 km W
                                                                 building of 11 storeys (was demolished in 1993) and
 www.marmottan.com
                                                                 the hotel- and conference centre CNIT were some
 Metro: La Muette
                                                                 of the very first. Throughout especially the 1960s
 The Marmottan-Monet Museum is set up in a
                                                                 and from the 1980s until today, major extensions
 mansion that was bought by Jules Marmottan in
                                                                 have taken place and today, there are housing areas,
 1882. His son, Paul Marmottan, was a keen collector
                                                                 offices, monuments, shopping centres and
 and art historian, and at his death in 1932, he left his
                                                                 everything else that is typical of an ordinary city.
 works to be part of a museum here. Besides his own
                                                                 Yet, La Défense is something completely special
 collection, the Monet family left 65 paintings by
                                                                 with its modern architecture and materials.
 Claude Monet by will to the house in 1972. Later,
 more paintings have been added.
                                                                 46a. Grande Arche
                                                                 Parvis de la Défense 1
 The great exhibition of Monet’s works is the biggest
                                                                 www.grandearche.com
 in the world and it gives a brilliant picture of the
 painter’s development. Here it is possible to see both
                                                                 The new triumphal arch of Paris, the Grande Arche,
 the famous water lilies and other motifs from France
                                                                 was erected for the bicentenary of the French
 and abroad.
                                                                 Revolution in 1989 based on the design of the
                                                                 Dane Johan Otto von Spreckelsen.
 46. La Défense
                                                                 The Grande Arche is placed on the axis from the
                                                                 Louvre along the Champs-Elysées to the Arc de
                                                                 Triomphe and on to La Défense. Therefore, there
                                                                 is a spectacular view of the historic centre of Paris.
                                                                 The Arch is built in the shape of a hive of 106
                                                                 metres in all directions and besides many offices, it
                                                                 houses varying exhibitions.

                                                                 The area below and behind the Grande Arche is
                                                                 impressive and full of contrast. The esplanade is
                                                                 comfortable with people sitting on the stairs leading
                                                                 down towards the basins of mirrors, while the
 10 km NW
                                                                 various skyscrapers provide a multi shaped and
 www.ladefense.fr
                                                                 colourful frame for life in the street.
 Metro: La Défense
 La Défense is the new quarter in Paris and it is
 constructed as the western end of the historic axis of
 Paris from the Louvre along the Champs Elysées. La
 Défense is just outside the heart of Paris where there
 used to be a run-down working class quarter, but
 that is not visible anywhere today.
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                                                            34
Paris                                                                                      Day tours from Paris



 47. Basilique Saint-Denis                                     48. Cimitière du Père Lachaise




 Promenade Basilique Saint-Denis, 11 km N
 http://saint-denis.monuments-nationaux.fr
                                                               Rue du Repos, 4 km E
 Metro: St-Denis-Basilique
                                                               Metro: Philippe-Auguste
 The church was built from 1137 to 1281 and is one
                                                               The Père Lachaise is the largest and most famous
 of the earliest examples of Gothic building style.
                                                               cemetery in Paris. It was laid out by Napoleon in
 Previously, there was a monastery here where it is
                                                               1803 but was later extended several times because
 said that Saint Denis is buried. Saint Denis is the
                                                               of its great popularity.
 patron saint of France and is considered the first
 bishop of Paris.
                                                               Many famous persons are buried here, so to many
                                                               people a tour of the Père Lachaise is considered a
 The kings of France have been buried in the church for
                                                               relaxed walk through the history of the last 200
 centuries and even though many graves were
                                                               years. Among the celebrities are Frédéric Chopin,
 desecrated during the Revolution, there are still many
                                                               Simone Signoret, Yves Montand, Sarah Bernhardt,
 examples to see. Louis XVI and his Queen, Marie
                                                               Edith Piaf, Oscar Wilde and Jim Morrison.
 Antoinette, are buried in the church crypt. They had
 first been buried at the Madeleine Cemetery but were
                                                               Apart from the individual graves, there are also
 moved to their present location in 1815.
                                                               several war memorials at the cemetery. It is also
                                                               possible to see the so-called Communard Wall, Mur
 Only three of the French kings are not buried here,
                                                               des Fédérés, where 147 communards were shot in
 namely Louis XVI, Louis XIV, Henri II with his
                                                               1871 and that was the end of the Communard
 Queen Catherine de Medici and Childebert I, who
                                                               insurrection and the Paris Commune.
 was Merovingian king in Paris. So there are many
 historic kings’ names to be found.




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                                                          35
                          Paris                        Day tours from Paris

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                                  36
                                                                        With children in Paris, Shopping in Paris,
Paris                                                                                    Publik transport in Paris



 With children in Paris                                    Forum des Halles (Porte Berger 101):
                                                           www.forumdeshalles.com
 Aquarium Sealife (Marne-la-Vallée):
 www.sealife.fr
                                                           Galeries Lafayette (Boulevard Haussman 40):
                                                           www.galerieslafayette.com
 Cité des sciences et de l’industrie
 (Avenue Corentin-Cariou 30):
                                                           La Samaritaine (Rue de la Monnaie 19):
 www.cite-sciences.fr
                                                           www.lasamaritaine.com

 Disneyland & Walt Disney Studios
                                                           Le Quatre Temps (Parvis de la Défense 15):
 (Marne-la-Vallée):
                                                           www.les4temps.com
 www.disneylandparis.com
                                                           Printemps (Boulevard Haussman 64):
 Musée de la Marine
                                                           www.printemps.com
 (Palais de Chaillot, Place du Trocadéro 17):
 www.musee-marine.fr
                                                           Public transport in Paris
 Parc Astérix (Plailly):                                   Transport Paris:
 www.parcasterix.com                                       www.ratp.fr

 Parc Zoologique de Paris                                  Parisian airports:
 (Avenue Saint-Maurice 53, Vincennes):                     www.adp.fr
 www.boisdevincennes.com
                                                           Beauvais Airport:
 Shopping in Paris                                         www.aeroportbeauvais.com

 Avenue Montaigne, Boulevard Haussmann, Rue St.
                                                           The French Railways:
 Michel, Rue de Faubourg St.-Honoré, Rue de Rivoli,
                                                           www.sncf.com
 Rue de Rosiers

 Bon Marché (Rue de Babylone):
 www.lebonmarche.fr




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                                                      37

								
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