BCC Climate Action Plan by liwenting



        JANUARY 2010

BCC Sustainability Steering Committee
President’s Statement…………………………………………………….….3
Authors and Process………………………………………………………....4
Section I. Campus Emissions……………………………………………..…6
Section II. Mitigation Strategies……………………………………………10
Section III. Educational, Research, and Community Outreach Efforts ……14
Section IV. Financing………………………………………………..……. 18
Section V. Tracking Progress………………………………………...…… 19

                       Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 2
January, 2010
Members of the Campus Community:
On behalf of the faculty, staff and students of BCC, I want to extend our
collective thanks to Broome’s Sustainability Steering Committee for its
leadership of the College’s efforts to address the American College and
University Presidents’ Climate Control Commitment (ACUPCC). I hope
each of you will carefully review the Climate Action Plan and commit
yourself to advancing one or more of the initiatives which will help BCC
achieve its goals.
Much good work has been done since the ACUPCC was signed by President
Spraggs in August of 2007. As the recommending body to the BCC
President, the Sustainability Steering Committee has actively pursued its
charge- to “support College efforts to enhance the economic,
environmental, and social sustainability of the BCC campus and the
greater local community and aid the College in meeting the
requirements of the American College and University Presidents’
Climate Commitment.”
In January 2009, the College submitted its Carbon Footprint Analysis and
Green House Gas (GHS) Report. And, as this Climate Report details, the
Committee has formulated mitigation strategies which will significantly
reduce BCC’s carbon footprint. These strategies include implementation of
an environmentally responsible purchasing program, energy
conservation, a College-wide recycling program successfully tested in
Fall, 2009, incorporation of “green” initiatives in plans for new and
renovated facilities, and an examination of initiatives including student
housing which could mitigate the impact of transportation emissions
associated with a growing, commuter-based student population.
Especially exciting is the classroom and laboratory activity outlined in the
Report, “Green” Service Learning Projects and heightened interest by staff
and students in environmentally friendly campus beautification projects.
Again, thanks to the Sustainability Steering Committee and each of you for
your commitment to moving Broome Community College forward.
John W. Deans, Interim President
                         Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 3
The Climate Action Plan is a collaborative effort of the Broome Community
College Sustainability Steering Committee. The Sustainability Steering
Committee meetings occur bimonthly to discuss solutions and progress on
campus related sustainable initiatives. This committee is composed of
various BCC faculty, staff, and student representatives. In addition to the
members of this committee, experts from various fields are often consulted
to give greater understanding and knowledge to current proposals.

2009-2010 Sustainability Steering Committee Members:

Richard Armstrong                        Therese Kettering
Clifford Balliet                         Kennie Leet
Marcia Blackburn                         Kelli Ligeikis
Daniel Brennan                           Robert Lofthouse
Jim Bryden                               Peg LoGalbo
Chris Burger                             Patricia O’Day
Tracy Curtis                             Stephen Ohl
John W. Deans                            Julie Peacock
Mary Dickson                             Jillian Reid
Meghan Dovick                            Margherita Rossi
Richard Firenze                          Joseph Sopata
Douglas Garnar                           Cheryl Sullivan
Hall Groat                               Harold Trimm
William Hollister                        Robert Woods
Troy Jesse                               Susan Woerner
Angela Kehoe

                         Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 4

Broome Community College (BCC) is a comprehensive community college
with a commitment to promoting student excellence in an environmentally
responsible and sustainable manner. The College is supervised by SUNY
(State University of New York) and sponsored by the County of Broome.
The College is a member of the Middle States Association of Colleges and
Schools. BCC’s curricula are registered by the State Education Department
and accredited, where appropriate, by specific career accrediting

The campus is located in Greater Binghamton, which is centrally located in
the State of New York, 45 miles from Ithaca, 70 miles from Syracuse, and
about 200 miles from both New York City and Philadelphia. Routes I-81, I-
88, and NY 17 (I-86) pass through the city.

Greater Binghamton is an urban metropolitan area that offers a sophisticated
cultural life along with easily accessible outdoor recreational opportunities.
Employers include Binghamton University (one of SUNY’s 4 University
Centers, which is located a few miles from BCC), and numerous small
companies and businesses.

Broome Community College’s campus is located three miles north of
Binghamton on Upper Front Street, which is Route 11 alongside Interstate
81. The campus is landscaped with a variety of trees and open green spaces
and has a hillside backdrop; four of its 17 buildings face a major quadrangle.

BCC enrolled 6877 full- and
part-time students in the Fall
2009 semester. The College
employs 141 full-time and 265
part-time faculty, with 242
full-time and 75 part-time
support staff and
administrators. The 17
buildings on campus comprise
a total of approximately
605,000 square feet of space.

                          Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 5

In order to develop strategies for mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG)
emissions at our campus, it is first necessary to understand the magnitude
and types of emissions associated with campus operations. The Carbon
Footprint Calculation subcommittee of the BCC Sustainability Steering
Committee used the Clean Air Cool Planet (2010) Campus Carbon
Calculator, version 5, to calculate GHG emissions.

Data collected using the Clean Air Cool Planet Campus Carbon Calculator:

      electricity use
      natural gas use
      fleet fuel use
      student and faculty commuting
      fertilizer use
      solid waste production

The International GHG Protocol created the idea of Scopes to classify the
source of emissions. Classifications of emissions include:

      Scope 1: emissions directly produced by activities on campus and
      include natural gas use, fleet vehicle use and fertilizers
      Scope 2: emissions include emissions from energy produced off-
      campus. For BCC, this is from purchased electricity
      Scope 3: emissions are made up of commuter travel emissions and
      those from solid waste

The total BCC equivalent carbon dioxide (eCO2) emissions divided by
Scope produced in the 2002-2007 timeframe are outlined in Table 1. As a
two-year commuter college, it is not surprising that our Scope 3 emissions
are the largest contributor to our campus carbon footprint.

                          Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 6
Table 1: Total Annual Metric Tons of eCO2 Emissions by Scope.
      Year      Scope 1    Scope 2     Scope 3     Total
      2002      1,764      5,986       13,208      20,958
      2003      2,186      6,234       13,107      21,528
      2004       2,078         6,441         12,660         21,179
      2005       2,004         6,153         12,294         20,452
      2006       1,932         6,056         12,161         20,149
      2007       1,991         6,100         12,559         20,649

The campus emissions listed above are primarily the result of electricity use,
natural gas consumption, transportation, agricultural, and solid waste. By
far, the largest contributor to GHG emissions on the BCC campus is the
transportation sector; commuting by students, faculty and staff accounts for
60.8% of total CO2 emissions, 82% of total CH4 emissions, and 92% of total
nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. Electricity usage accounts for 30% of the
total CO2 emissions by the BCC campus. Natural gas usage accounts for 9%
of the total CO2 emissions and 7% of the total CH4 emissions from the BCC
Campus. The contribution of agricultural sources of greenhouse emissions
is limited to fertilizer use on the BCC campus. Based on data from 2007,
8,308 pounds of fertilizer were used on campus. Of these 8,308 pounds of
fertilizer, 28% was nitrogen-based, and no organic fertilizers or compost
were used. Although agricultural sources of emissions account for a small
percentage of the overall GHG emissions from the BCC campus, they do
provide a measurable component, accounting for 3% of N2O emissions.
Emissions related to disposal of solid waste account for 9% of methane
emissions from the BCC campus. Figures 1, 2, and 3 below show sector
contributions to emissions for the key GHGs CO 2, CH4, and N2O,

                          Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 7
Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 8
Based on the Sustainability Steering Committee’s assessment of BCC’s
current emissions trajectory, the target date for campus climate neutrality
is 2050. By this date, the campus hopes to achieve net zero emissions of
greenhouse gases. As outlined in Section II, the combined strategies of
improved efficiency in BCC’s use of natural resources combined with the
purchase and/or production of “green” energy and other offsets are
necessary to realize this goal. Delineated in Table 2 is BCC’s emissions
trajectory under business as usual compared with emissions estimates under
this plan. The Sustainability Steering Committee understands that this plan
will require long-term monitoring and remains subject to revision as future
emissions data are collected and compared to these estimates.

Table 2: Climate Action Plan Impact on eCO 2 Emissions.
  Year      Metric Tons of eCO2 Metric Tons of eCO2 Percent Reduction
             (business as usual)     (under plan)       Under Plan
  2006             20,149                  -               N/A
  2015             20,149               18,134             10%
  2020             20,149               15,112             25%
  2030             20,149                8,060             60%
  2040             20,149                4,030             80%
  2050             20,149                  0              100%

                         Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 9

The BCC campus community has been actively investigating ways to reduce
the emissions reported in the previous section of this climate action plan.
We have looked at all sectors to determine where changes are most
immediately practicable, and have chosen to focus on six areas.


Broome Community College will institute an environmentally responsible
purchasing (ERP) program that stimulates the purchase of cost-competitive
products and services. Purchases in an institutionalized ERP program would
have a reduced effect on human and environmental health compared to
competing products or services that serve the same purpose. ERP principals
take a number of factors into account when evaluating products, including
raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging,
distribution, reuse options, operation, maintenance, and disposal of product
or service.


   1. Move towards compliance with SUNY Energy Strategic Planning
      Task Force (SUNY, 2007) Policy Recommendations
   2. Move towards compliance with the American College and University
      Presidents’ Climate Commitment (2010)
   3. Educate the campus community about ERP programs and policies.
   4. Train the campus purchasers to apply an environmentally responsible
      purchasing framework to purchasing requests and decisions.
   5. Recommend and implement standards for top ERP opportunities with
      the Campus Sustainability Steering Committee


One of the most obvious ways to mitigate the emissions that BCC
contributes is to institute and expand campus energy conservation and
recycling programs. As a result, the BCC Sustainability Steering Committee
has recommended that the campus implement energy- and resources-saving
techniques to include but not limited to the following:

                        Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 10
          turning off computers and other IT equipment at night and over
          printing quotas to reduce paper and ink waste
          better printing procedures to promote double-sided printing
          recycling of toner cartridges
          purchasing of recycled toner
          replacement of CRT monitors with LCD monitors
          purchasing Energy Star equipment

These recommendations were approved by the College’s Executive Council.

BCC Recycling Program

Through an audit of solid
waste by the BCC Ecology
Club in 2006, it was
determined that close to 90%
of the solid waste generated by
the campus is either recyclable
or compostable. Recycling on
campus, however, has not
typically attained the goal of
keeping all recyclable
materials out of the waste
stream. A pilot recycling
program conducted during the
Fall 2009 semester
demonstrated our potential for BCC Ecology Club students participating in the 2006 solid
improving our campus              waste audit
recycling efforts. The project
found that BCC students want to participate in recycling on campus and,
when given access to clearly identifiable recycling containers, the
overwhelming majority of students will use them appropriately.

                         Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 11
The faculty members involved with the pilot are currently exploring how to
expand this pilot to use the best practices from this study and apply these
principles as part of a campus-wide recycling program.


As a campus with a growing student body and a number of older buildings,
another key target for mitigating emissions involves a careful consideration
of the facilities on campus. Within the next 4-5 years, the campus will add a
new Science and Technology building. Through the advocacy of the
Sustainability Steering Committee, among other groups, the College has
committed to building the new facility to the Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design (LEED) Silver certification (U.S. Green Building
Council, 2010), making this new building a highly visible reminder of our
campus commitment to sustainability.

In addition to this commitment to promote “green” initiatives in our new
building, the campus capital plan includes other environmentally sound
strategies for campus improvements over the next 10-15 years. The College
plans to use the space afforded by the new Science and Technology Building
as an opportunity to renovate our existing science building to meet LEED
Silver standards. This renovated science building will become new space for
our Student Services, with the existing building that houses Student Services
also undergoing subsequent renovation to meet LEED Silver standards. The
renovated Student Services building will become the new home for our Civil
and Mechanical Engineering departments, allowing the current Mechanical
building, one of the oldest and least energy-efficient buildings on campus, to
be demolished for designated green space. Thus the BCC capital plan
embodies a significant commitment to improving the efficiency of our
facilities while maintaining the same number of buildings overall to serve
our needs without sacrificing green space on campus.


As our most significant source of emissions stems from student commuting,
another possible mitigation strategy would be to construct student housing
on or near campus. Dormitories, while requiring additional resources for
heating, electricity, etc., would significantly decrease the transportation
needs of the students residing in the dorms. Although community colleges
have not traditionally had large residential populations and Broome has
                         Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 12
exclusively been a commuter campus throughout our history, we are excited
about the potential of exploring the targeted use of dorms to address specific
needs within our student population. In particular, students who live
relatively far from campus who come to complete specific programs of study
would be a high priority group for dorm life.

Other initiatives for reducing the transportation impact on BCC’s carbon
footprint are also being considered. Our campus is already serviced by the
Broome County Transit system of buses, with many students already taking
advantage of this low cost public transportation option. While certain
students may not live along the bus lines, limiting their ability to participate,
perhaps more students that do live along the bus line would make use of
public transportation if the College could negotiate reduced fares or even
free service for current students. In addition, carpooling among students,
faculty, and staff may be increased by creating a more explicit means of
connecting individuals who live nearby and share similar schedules.

Minimizing practices that waste energy and include recyclables with solid
waste is an important first step in this Climate Action Plan. Improving
efficiency in current and future buildings and reduce commuting distances
for our students are other important steps in achieving greater sustainability
for our campus. Nevertheless, these strategies alone will not allow us to
achieve our goal of overall carbon neutrality. As BCC moves forward with
its commitment to being a leader in minimizing emissions in our area, it will
be necessary to consider renewable sources of energy for use by the campus.
This move toward purchasing and/or producing the energy for our campus
needs from “green” sources is obviously an area of interest. Based on
current economic conditions, however, the Sustainability Steering
Committee believes such initiatives will become a more important part of
BCC’s overall strategy to achieve carbon neutrality only after the
implementation of the other mitigation items discussed earlier in this climate
action plan.

                          Broome Community College Climate Action Plan    page 13


A new Applied Science degree in Environmental Science has been
developed with a goal of offering the program beginning in the fall of 2010.
This interdisciplinary program is designed to provide students with the
knowledge and experience needed to transfer to a four-year degree program
in Environmental Studies or Environmental Science. The program was
developed by faculty spanning several academic departments on campus and
included the chairs of the Engineering Science/Physics/Physical Sciences,
Biology, and Chemistry departments.

The interdisciplinary program builds upon the expertise of faculty in several
departments and relies on existing courses to establish a degree that is
otherwise not available to BCC students. Through laboratory-oriented multi-
disciplinary coursework, students will gain a broad-based and integrated
knowledge in:

      basic sciences
      issues of environmental integrity
      sustainable resources
      ecological problems

With required coursework in biology, chemistry, math, and
physical/environmental science, students will gain a solid background in:

      challenges to environmental integrity
      the sustainability of natural resources

                         Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 14

Classroom Work
Over seventy BCC courses are identified as explicitly addressing
environmental issues and policies or as having those issues and policies
infused into their curriculum. These courses extend far beyond the
traditional science fields of biology, physical science, and chemistry to
include courses such as history, economics, and literature.

Laboratory Application
In addition to classroom work, hands-on learning through laboratory
application contributes immensely to the lasting effect students experience
while at BCC. Such labs include but are not limited to:

      Acid Precipitation Analysis
      Groundwater Pollution Prediction and Remediation
      15-day Home Energy Survey Analysis
      Solar Energy Experience and Analysis
      Personal Carbon Footprint Identifier and Remediation


Service Learning is an experiential form of education that combines
academic study, community service, and student reflection. Students select
service projects that connect to their coursework and are of personal
significance to them, and record their experiences through reflection. While
service learning opportunities are offered in over 35 different courses at
BCC, several projects have been undertaken through environmentally-based
or “green” organizations. Some of these projects include:

      Waterman Conservation Center
      Ocean Conservancy
      Cornell Cooperative Extension
      Roberson Museum and Science Center
      Broome County Health Dept.
      NYS DEC (New York State Department of Environmental
      NYSERDA (New York State Energy Research and Development
      Binghamton Free Cycles
                         Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 15
      Finch Hollow Nature Center
      Project Paw
      Habitat for Humanity
      Ross Park Zoo
      Chenango Valley
      State Park

In addition to community
organizations, service
learning projects also offer
opportunities for
independent student
research and allow students
to bring environmental
awareness to BCC through
the organization of events
for the campus. Such projects Service Learning students and Ecology Club members
include:                      participating in a water awareness project on BCC campus.

      Campus Beautification Day
      Butterfly Gardens
      Water Resource Awareness
      Composting Research
      Motion Light Sensor Research


Speakers, Guest Lectures, Film Showings
Throughout the year, our Liberal Arts Division offers several environmental
awareness events both to the campus community and to the public. These
events help to bring knowledge of the current environmental issues we have
to face both as a community and as a planet. These events are an integral
part of educating students and other citizens as well as a way to better
connect BCC to its local community. Some of the events BCC hosts include
but are not limited to:
      FLOW: For the Love of Water Documentary [Fall 2009]
      Bottled Water: Why Not? Speaker [Fall 2009]
      Applied Ethics Conference: Environmental Ethics [Spring 2010]
      Blue Gold: World Water Wars Documentary [Spring 2010]

                          Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 16
Earth Day is celebrated around the world every April. In recognition of
Earth Day, BCC in partnership with the Ecology Club hosts an Earthfest
event on campus. The goal of this event to is to bring greater environmental
awareness and appreciation to our campus and community through displays
from students, local groups, organizations, and businesses.


There is a growing trend of student involvement in environmental issues
around BCC campus. The enthusiasm of the committed students helps to
change the environmental views of fellow students, while their activities are
a way for students to tangibly see the results of their efforts.

Ecology Club
The Ecology Club is BCC’s
most environmentally based
club. This club hosts
Earthfest, organizes events
such as river cleanups, and
guest speakers, and promotes
awareness of a variety of
environmental issues ranging
from energy conservation to
protection of water resources.

                                 Ecology Club members participating in a river cleanup event.
Garden Club
The BCC Garden Club is helping to start a campus garden in which
sustainable and organic practices would be incorporated. In addition, they
are working on bringing a farmer’s market to BCC and setting up
composting to help reduce the amount of campus waste produced.

                        Broome Community College Climate Action Plan        page 17
Many of the projects that will have the greatest impact on our emissions (e.g.
construction of a new Science and Technology building to LEED Silver
certification, renovations to existing campus buildings to meet LEED Silver
standards) are currently included in the College’s Master Plan and will have
the funding for completion within the next 10-15 years. The College recently
received funding through a New York State Energy Research and
Development Authority (NYSERDA) Grant to purchase green technology
(e.g. photovoltaic panels, wind turbine, etc.) for incorporation into S.T.E.M.
curricula. The College will continue to seek funding through NYSERDA
and Perkins Grants for additional equipment to enhance student learning in
the area of alternative energy and green technologies.

                        Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 18
Members of the Sustainability Steering Committee will continue to monitor
campus use of resources and evaluate methods for reducing BCC’s carbon
footprint. The committee will use 2006 as our baseline year as it has the
most reliable values for the items considered in the determination of campus
emissions from all sources. Progress made in moving toward a more
sustainable model of operations will be tracked by monitoring the following:

         Electricity usage
         Natural gas usage
         Solid waste disposal

In addition to tracking these billed expenses, Sustainability Steering
Committee members will continue to use student surveys to determine
accurate values for carbon emissions as students commute to and from
campus. BCC will also be especially interested in monitoring transportation
trends and developing ways to reduce the overall impact of student, faculty,
and staff commuting.

                        Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 19
American College & University Presidents’ Climate Commitment. (2010).

      Retrieved January 4, 2010, from


Clean Air Cool Planet. (2010). Campus carbon calculator. Retrieved

      January 4, 2010, from http://cleanair-coolplanet.org/for_campuses.php

State University of New York. (2007). Report of the SUNY energy strategic

      planning task force. Retrieved January 4, 2010, from


U.S. Green Building Council. (2010). LEED rating systems. Retrieved

      January 4, 2010, from


                       Broome Community College Climate Action Plan   page 20

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