Travel to Kuala Lumpur by AijazAliMooro1

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									STIG ALBECK




TRAVEL TO KUALA LUMPUR




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Kuala Lumpur
© 2008 Stig Albeck & Ventus Publishing ApS
Translation: Claus Jensen

All rights and copyright relating to the content of this
book are the property of Ventus Publishing ApS, and/or its
suppliers. Content from ths book, may not be reproduced
in any shape or form without prior written permission from
Ventus Publishing ApS.
Quoting this book is allowed when clear references are made,
in relation to reviews are allowed.

ISBN 978-87-7061-297-5
1st edition

Pictures and illustrations in this book are reproduced according
to agreement with the following copyright owners

Malaysian Tourist Board.

The stated prices and opening hours are indicative and may
have been subject to change after this book was published.




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Kuala Lumpur                   Kapiteloverskrift ONLIBRI




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               4
Kuala Lumpur                                                                           A visit to Kuala Lumpur




A visit to Kuala Lumpur
www.tourism.gov.my

Kuala Lumpur epitomizes the rapid development              While Kuala Lumpur itself is a fascinating mix of
the Southeast Asian economies have experienced             Colonial and modern architecture, the nearby
since the end of the 2nd World War. Kuala Lumpur’s         Administrative Capital of Putrajaya is characterized
population exceeds 2 million, and the city is an           by beautiful buildings inspired by Malaysian culture
amazing mix of buildings from the colonial period,         and tradition.
traditional Malaysian buildings and modern high-
rises.                                                     Have a good trip!

Kuala Lumpur impresses by its modernity and the
sense of possibility it conveys. Its twin towers,
Petronas Towers, which were the world’s tallest at
the time they were built, can be seen from afar, and
below one finds museums, business quarters,
shopping centres and parks where the tropical heat
can been enjoyed in delightful surroundings.




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                                                       5
Kuala Lumpur                                                                                      Historical outline



                                                              Accordingly, they decided to ask Great Britain to
Historical outline                                            intervene and secure peace.

                                                              Great Britain, which had huge economic interests in
Despite its size, Kuala Lumpur is a young city;
                                                              the tin production, sent Governor Andrew Clarke
building in this area, where the rivers of Klang and
                                                              to negotiate a peaceful solution to the conflict.
Gombak meet, did not start until 1857, when 87
                                                              Clarke managed to negotiate the Pangkor Peace
Chinese miners came looking for tin.
                                                              Treaty, which ended the civil war in 1874, and a
                                                              new sultan ascended the throne in Perak. In
Tin was a valued material at the time of
                                                              addition, the British established a permanent
industrialization in the mid-19th century, not least in
                                                              presence, and demanded to be consulted for
Great Britain and USA. The Chinese prospectors
                                                              approval of all actions that were not specific to
discovered tin in the vicinity of Kuala Lumpur, and
                                                              Malay religion and tradition.
the point of the rivers’ confluence was the ideal
place for a trading post in the large jungle-clad area.
                                                              In 1880 the capital was moved from Klang to Kuala
The place was called ’Muddy Confluence’ – Kuala
                                                              Lumpur, which greatly sped up the development of
Lumpur in Bahasa Malaysia.
                                                              the city. Great Britain’s colonial administrator,
                                                              Frank Swettenham, also chose Kuala Lumpur as his
Settlers poured into the area of the tin finds, and
                                                              administrative centre. Following a fire in 1881, he
after a few years there were several settlements –
                                                              commenced construction of brick buildings, which
mainly at the ’Muddy Confluence’ and at Ampang,
                                                              served to protect the city against fires as well as to
which today is a suburb of Kuala Lumpur. In 1868,
                                                              improve the general health of the citizens.
administrative structures were established for the
settlements, and the local clans elected Yap Ah Loy
                                                              Swettenham united four of the area’s sultanates and
leader of the Chinese community. Yap Ah Loy was
                                                              formed the Federated Malay States in 1896. Kuala
thus the first mayor of Kuala Lumpur, and he
                                                              Lumpur, being centrally located, was chosen as the
represents the foundation of the city.
                                                              capital. It was managed by the British in typical
                                                              colonial fashion: The Sultan Abdul Samad Building
Kuala Lumpur’s rapid development from a mining
                                                              was the political centre, and leisure time was spent
community to a real city created chaotic conditions
                                                              playing cricket on Padang or relaxing at the
along the way. The area was plagued by malaria,
                                                              Selangor Club. Only whites had access to the Royal
which cost the lives of many miners. The quick
                                                              Selangor Club, and the place became a symbol of
riches and the as yet fragile administrative structures
                                                              British imperialism
meant widespread lawlessness, which was only
aggravated by the many newcomers eager for a share
                                                              During the 2nd World War, Kuala Lumpur was
in the wealth.
                                                              invaded by Japan. After the War, the British
                                                              returned and the city continued to grow due to a
In addition to Kuala Lumpur’s own problems, the
                                                              comprehensive expansion program establishing
Malaysian Civil War broke out when local sultans
                                                              several new suburbs from 1948 and onwards.
fought each other for the throne in Perak, which
belonged to the State of Selangor north of Kuala
                                                              The desire for independence from Great Britain
Lumpur.
                                                              increased however, and a Communist-led resistance
                                                              movement began to gain influence. At midnight on
The merchants in the so-called Straits Settlement
                                                              August 30, 1957, the Union Jack was taken down
were concerned about the consequences of the civil
                                                              for the last time in front of the Royal Selangor Club
war for the economic development of the area.


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                                                          6
Kuala Lumpur                                                                                    Historical outline



and a crowd consisting of tens of thousands of              Economic development, and a wish to work
people. Following this event, Kuala Lumpur became           together for further progress, finally ended the
the capital of the new independent Federation of            unrest, and in 1974 Kuala Lumpur became a
Malay, and from 1963 capital of present-day                 Federal Territory of Malaysia. New buildings
Malaysia.                                                   proliferated, among them Petronas Towers, the
                                                            world’s tallest buildings, and the population
Following the proclamation of independence from             increased to today’s more than 2 million.
Great Britain, unrest ensued between Kuala
Lumpur’s different population groups - unrest that          The city’s expansion has continued in recent years.
culminated in 1969 with the declaration of a state of       In 1998 Kuala Lumpur hosted the Commonwealth
emergency that was to last for two years.                   Games. In 1999 the Federal Administration moved
                                                            to the newly built area in Putrajaya, south of Kuala
                                                            Lumpur.




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                                                        7
                          Kuala Lumpur                                                                                              Tour 1: Kuala Lumpur



                                                                                                      2. St. Mary’s Cathedral
                          Tour 1: Kuala Lumpur

                          1. Merdeka Square




                                                                                                      Jalan Raja
                                                                                                      www.stmaryscathedral.org.my
                                                                                                      Station: Pasar Seni/Masjid Jamek
                          Merdeka Square
                                                                                                      St Mary’s Cathedral is one of the former British
                          Station: Masjid Jamek
                                                                                                      colonial buildings in Kuala Lumpur. It was built in
                          The centrally located Merdeka Square is of historical
                                                                                                      1887 in typical English Gothic style, but has been
                          importance as the scene of Malaysia’s Proclamation
                                                                                                      renovated several times during the 20th century.
                          of Independence in 1957. It was here the Malaysian flag
                          was raised for the first time, which is marked by one the
                          world’s highest flagpoles, measuring fully 95 metres.




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Kuala Lumpur                                                                                   Tour 1: Kuala Lumpur



3. Royal Selangor Club                                           5. Sultan Abdul Samad Building




Jalan Ampang Hilir
www.rscweb.org.my
Station: Masjid Jamek
The Royal Selangor Club House was built in 1910 in
a blend of Tudor and British Colonial style. It was
the centre of British society in the city, and it is still
today a quintessentially British part of the city scene.

4. National History Museum
                                                                 Jalan Raja
                                                                 Station: Masjid Jamek
                                                                 The beautiful Sultan Abdul Samad building, which
                                                                 used to house the area’s British administration, was
                                                                 built in 1897. The style is a blend of English
                                                                 Colonial style and Moorish architecture. Its
                                                                 impressive facade is 137 metres long, and its clock
                                                                 tower 41 metres tall. The building houses Malaysia’s
                                                                 Supreme Court.

                                                                 6. Masjid Jamek
                                                                 Jalan Tun Perak
                                                                 Station: Masjid Jamek
Jalan Raja 29
                                                                 Masjid Jamek is Kuala Lumpur’s oldest mosque.
www.nationalhistorymuseum.gov.my
                                                                 This beautiful mosque was built in 1909 based on a
Station: Pasar Seni/Masjid Jamek
                                                                 design by British architect A. B. Hubback. The style
Malaysia’s Natural History Museum lies in the old
                                                                 is Moorish-inspired with lots of domes and spires.
bank building and was erected in 1909. The
exhibition illustrates Malaysia’s history via
documents and various historical items.




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                                                             9
Kuala Lumpur                                                                                  Tour 1: Kuala Lumpur



7. Bank Negara Money Museum                                     ample shopping opportunities. It is a delight to go
                                                                exploring in this lively and colourful neighbourhood!
Jalan Dato Onn
http://moneymuseum.bnm.gov.my
                                                                11. Kwong Siew
Station: Bank Negara/Bandaraya
On the ground floor of the Bank Negara building                 Chinatown
lies the Money Museum, which details the Malaysian              Station: Pasar Seni
currency’s establishment and development. Both old              Immigrants from the Chinese Guangdong Province
and new coins and notes can be seen in the                      founded Kwong Siew Temple in 1886. The present-
museum’s fine numismatic display.                               day temple was finished in 1888 in a traditional
                                                                Chinese style.
8. Little India
                                                                12. Sri Mahamariamman
Jalan Masjid India
Station: Masjid Jamek                                           Chinatown
Jalan Masjid India and Lebuh Ampang are the main                Station: Pasar Seni
streets in the area called Little India. A visit to this        The colourful Sri Mahamariamman Temple is, with
city quarter is a good way of experiencing the                  its many details, a pleasure to behold, and a fine
atmosphere, customs, religion, handicraft, and                  example of a classic Hindu temple. Its 22-metre-tall
cuisine of India.                                               tower is particularly impressive. The temple was
                                                                built in 1873.
9. Maybank Numismatic Museum
                                                                13 Central Market
Jalan Tun Perak 100, 1. sal, Menara Maybank
Station: Masjid Jamek/Plaza Rakyat
Menara Maybank’s lobby is a museum showcasing a
large collection of different currencies. There is
everything from ancient shells and gold pieces to
modern coins and notes.

10. Chinatown




                                                                www.centralmarket.com.my
                                                                Station: Pasar Seni
                                                                Central Market, Kuala Lumpur’s large food market,
                                                                was built in 1936 in Art Deco style. Today it houses
                                                                various shops and restaurants, and it often hosts
Petaling Street                                                 cultural activities as well.
Station: Pasar Seni
Kuala Lumpur’s Chinatown can be experienced
along the street of Jalan Petaling. There is always
plenty of activity, various Chinese markets and


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                          Kuala Lumpur                       Tour 1: Kuala Lumpur

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Kuala Lumpur                                                                                Tour 2: Kuala Lumpur



                                                             16. Islamic Arts Museum
Tour 2: Kuala Lumpur
                                                             Jalan Perdana
                                                             www.iamm.org.my
14. Kuala Lumpur Railway Station                             Station: Pasar Seni/Kuala Lumpur
                                                             This museum contains an exquisite collection of
                                                             Islamic art. There are, among other things, old
                                                             manuscripts, calligraphy, miniature models of
                                                             famous mosques and the museum’s highlight, a
                                                             reconstruction of an 18th century Osman sultan’s
                                                             quarters.

                                                             17. National Museum

Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin
Station: Pasar Seni/Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur’s old Railway Station was built in
1910 in an architectural style reminiscent of Arabian
Nights. The Architect behind the many minarets,
domes, spires and arches is British A.B. Hubbock,
who also designed the Masjid Jamek Mosque.
                                                             Jalan Damansara
15. National Mosque                                          www.museum.gov.my
                                                             Station: KL Sentral
                                                             The National Museum in Kuala Lumpur was built
                                                             in traditional Malaysian style in 1963. The
                                                             Museum’s many exhibitions depict Malaysia’s
                                                             history via archeological finds and artifacts from
                                                             traditional Malaysian life throughout the centuries.
                                                             There are also exhibitions showcasing local animals
                                                             and plants, as well as locomotives - symbols of the
                                                             country’s industrial development.
Jalan Perdana
Station: Pasar Seni/Kuala Lumpur                             18. National Planetarium
Malaysia’s National Mosque was built in 1965 as an
                                                             Jalan Perdana
example of the capabilities of the new independent
                                                             Station: KL Sentral
Malaysia, as well as a religious centre for the
                                                             Malaysia’ s national planetarium is situated on a
country’s Muslim community. The roof is
                                                             hilltop with a beautiful staircase leading to the main
constructed in 18 parts, which symbolize the
                                                             entrance. In addition to movie showings, the
country’s 13 states and the 5 Pillars of Islam. The
                                                             planetarium has a space science-related exhibition,
mosque can accommodate 10.000 people, and its
                                                             and there is a splendid view of Kuala Lumpur from
minaret is 73 metres tall.
                                                             the observation deck on the fourth floor.




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Kuala Lumpur                       Tour 2: Kuala Lumpur




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                          Kuala Lumpur                                                                               Tour 3: Kuala Lumpur



                                                                                       One of the museum’s characteristics is its spacious,
                          Tour 3: Kuala Lumpur                                         high-ceilinged atrium, where the light radiates
                                                                                       through the glass roof. Some of the museum’s
                                                                                       exhibits can be viewed from different levels.
                          19. Istana Budaya
                          Jalan Tun Razak                                              21. National Library
                          www.istanabudaya.gov.my
                                                                                       Jalan Tun Razak 232
                          Station: Sentul
                                                                                       www.pnm.my
                          Kuala Lumpur’s National Theatre is home to
                                                                                       Station: Ampang Park
                          Malaysia’s Symphony Orchestra, as well as the
                                                                                       The architecture of the large and very modern
                          country’s leading theatre troupe. The architecture is
                                                                                       National Library is inspired by the traditional
                          oriental, the most characteristic feature being the
                                                                                       Malaysian tengkolok headwear. Those interested in
                          beautiful blue Minangkabau roof.
                                                                                       books will find the library’s great collection very
                                                                                       interesting.
                          20. National Art Gallery
                          Jalan Temerluh
                          www.artgallery.gov.my
                          Station: Sentul
                          The National Art Gallery in Kuala Lumpur
                          showcases both local and international visual art. In
                          addition to the permanent exhibition, there are also
                          changing theme exhibitions.
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Kuala Lumpur                                                                                 Tour 3: Kuala Lumpur



22. Petronas Towers                                           The Petronas Towers have various exhibitions,
                                                              such as the Petronas Gallery, which showcases
                                                              Malaysian and international visual art, as well as
                                                              Petrosains Interactive Science Discovery Centre,
                                                              which details the production of oil, from deep in
                                                              the ground to the refined product.

                                                              23. Malaysia Tourism Centre




KLCC/Kuala Lumpur City Centre
www.klcc.com.my
Station: KLCC
At the time of their construction, at 452 metres the
Petronas Towers were the world’s tallest buildings,
and they are still the world’s tallest twin towers. On
the 41st floor, there is a bridge connecting the two
towers from which there is an excellent view of               Jalan Ampang 109
Kuala Lumpur.                                                 www.mtc.gov.my
                                                              Station: Kg. Baru
Within the Petronas Towers lies the beautiful                 The Malaysia Tourism Centre is situated in a
Petronas Philharmonic Hall, home to the Malaysian             historical mansion dating back to English colonial
Philharmonic Orchestra.                                       times, and is now surrounded by modern
                                                              skyscrapers. The Tourism Centre is very well
                                                              equipped with information for tourists about Kuala
                                                              Lumpur and the rest of Malaysia.




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Kuala Lumpur                                                                             Tour 3: Kuala Lumpur



24. Kuala Lumpur Tower                                    25. Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve
                                                          Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve
                                                          www.menarakl.com.my/recreationalpark.html
                                                          Station: Bukit Nanas/Dang Wangi
                                                          The beautiful Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve, situated
                                                          on a hilltop in the heart of Kuala Lumpur, is with
                                                          its many nature trails an excellent opportunity to
                                                          experience a tropical jungle.

                                                          26. Golden Triangle
                                                          Golden Triangle
                                                          Station: Plaza Rakyat/Bukit Bintang
                                                          The area called the Golden Triangle has the city’s
                                                          highest concentration of modern shopping centres,
                                                          hotels and entertainments. The area is worth
                                                          visiting by day as well as by night when all the neon
                                                          signs and buildings are illuminated.

                                                          27. Bintang Walk




                                                          Bukit Bintang
Bukit Nanas
                                                          Station: Bukit Bintang
www.menarakl.com.my
                                                          Bintang Walk is the main street in the Golden
Station: Bukit Nanas/Dang Wangi
                                                          Triangle; with its entertainments, shopping
The mighty Kuala Lumpur Tower is 421 metres tall,
                                                          opportunities, and restaurants under the palm trees,
which makes it one of the world’s tallest steel
                                                          it seems to epitomize the modern Malaysia.
constructions. There is an excellent view of the
Malaysian capital, which can be enjoyed from the
tower’s observation deck (276 metres), or from the
rotating restaurant (282 metres).




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                          Kuala Lumpur                       Tour 3: Kuala Lumpur

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Kuala Lumpur                                                                                  Tour 4: Kuala Lumpur



                                                                29c. Hibiscus Garden
Tour 4: Kuala Lumpur                                            Lake Gardens’ many impressive facilities include
                                                                the beautiful Hibiscus Garden. The multitudes of
                                                                large colourful hibiscus flowers make an
28. Craft Cultural Complex                                      overwhelming impression.
Jalan Conley 63
Station: Bukit Bintang/Raja Chulan                              29d. Bird Park
Kuala Lumpur’s Craft Cultural Complex is situated               Kuala Lumpur’s Bird Park is the home of more
on the outskirts of the Golden Triangle. It has                 than 160 species. It has everything from ordinary
workshops and a Craft Museum. The centre                        waterfowl to various birds of prey. The park is also
provides an excellent insight into the area’s                   recommended for its beautiful facilities, full of
traditional production methods used for different               tropical plants and waterfalls.
materials such as iron, wood and clay. Traditional
handicrafts can be purchased from a number of                   29e. Deer Park
well-stocked shops.                                             Deer Park is situated in an enclosed area of Lake
                                                                Gardens. Within the enclosure, several hundred
29. Lake Gardens                                                deer walk freely among the visitors, and it is
                                                                possible to feed the animals.
Jalan Perdana
Station: Pasar Seni/KL Sentral
                                                                30. National Monument
A.R. Venning founded the large lake and park area,
Lake Gardens, in 1888. Since then, the facilities have
been expanded several times, and today it covers 92
hectares. The area is very beautiful, and its sheer size
gives the impression of being far away from the
surrounding metropolis. The park has several
attractions and activities, some of which are
described below.

29a. Butterfly Park
This part of Lake Gardens comprises about one
hectare with thousands of butterflies in the air. The
Butterfly Park also has an Insect Museum with
                                                                Jalan Parlimen
several thousand insects on display.
                                                                Station: Masjid Jamek
                                                                Malaysia’s National Monument depicts seven
29b. Orchid Garden
                                                                soldiers standing on fallen Malaysian soldiers. One
Kuala Lumpur’s tropical location provides perfect
                                                                soldier carries the Malaysian flag. The American
conditions for the many thousands of orchids in the
                                                                artist Felix de Weldon made the 15-metre-tall
city’s Orchid Garden. The garden is a cornucopia of
                                                                monument in 1966.
beautiful colours and other sensory delights. Every
Sunday is market day, where local orchid lovers flock
to the Orchid Garden.




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                                                           18
Kuala Lumpur                                                                             Tour 4: Kuala Lumpur



31. ASEAN Sculpture Garden                                32. Parliament Houses
Lake Gardens
Station: Masjid Jamek
The Sculpture Garden showcases award-winning
sculptures by artists from ASEAN - Association of
Southeast Asian Nations, which is the name of the
Southeast Asian Trade Organization. The sculptures
are made of wood, iron, marble and bamboo.




                                                          Jalan Parlimen
                                                          Station: Masjid Jamek
                                                          Malaysia’s modern eighteen-storey Parliament
                                                          Building is 67 metres tall. At the foot of the
                                                          building lies the three-storey main building of the
                                                          complex. Visitors can gain access to Parliament
                                                          debates by advance-appointment.




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                                                     19
                          Kuala Lumpur                                                                                   Day Tours from Kuala Lumpur



                                                                                                  33a. Perdana Putra Complex
                          Day Tours from
                          Kuala Lumpur

                          33. Putrajaya
                          Putrajaya, 25 km S
                          www.i-putra.com.my
                          Putrajaya, Malaysia’s new federal administrative
                          centre, lies 25 kilometres to the south of Kuala
                          Lumpur. In the year 2000, the Prime Minister moved
                          his offices to Putrajaya, and different ministries and
                          government offices have since followed.

                          Putrajaya covers 4,500 hectares. It was planned as a
                          technologically modern administrative centre
                          without traffic problems. The city is still undergoing                  The large palace-like office complex housing the
                          development and expansion.                                              Prime Minister’s administration is clad in granite. A
                                                                                                  beautiful green dome crowns the six-storey building.




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Kuala Lumpur                                                                          Day Tours from Kuala Lumpur



33b. Putra Mosque                                              Cathedral Cave, where stalactites, several metres
Facing the Putrajaya Lake stands the large and                 long, grow from the ceiling, is among those
impressive Putra Mosque, which can accommodate                 accessible to the public. The cave system was
15,000 people. The mosque is modelled after Persian            discovered at the end of the 19th century by the
architecture of the Sefavid period. The great dome             American William Hornaday, and a visit there is a
has a diameter of 36 metres, and the minaret, which            truly unforgettable experience. The many free-
is divided into five parts symbolizing the five Pillars        roaming monkeys in the area add further colour to
of Islam, measures 116 metres.                                 the scene.

33c. Putra Bridge                                              The Batu Caves is a holy place for Malaysia’s
The Putra Bridge, which leads to the centre of                 Hindus. At the beginning of the year they celebrate
Putrajaya, is built on two levels and spans 435 metres.        the Thaipusam Festival there.
The Putra bridge is analogous to the Khaju Bridge in
Isfahan, Iran.                                                 35. Templer’s Park
                                                               Templer’s Park, 22 km N
34. Batu Caves
                                                               Sir Gerald Templer founded Templer’s Park
                                                               because of his fascination with Malaysia’s nature.
                                                               His goal was to recreate part of the rainforest for
                                                               the average tourist. A visit to Templer’s Park is a
                                                               delightful and interesting experience. The many
                                                               nature trails easily give the visitor a feeling of being
                                                               deep within a landscape of dense forest and a
                                                               multitude of waterfalls.

                                                               36. Shah Alam




Batu Caves, 13 km N
                                                               Shah Alam, 20 km W
The large Batu Cave System north of Kuala Lumpur
                                                               www.mbsa.gov.my
is one of the wonders of nature. Even the approach
                                                               The modern city of Shah Alam is the state of
to the caves is impressive with its broad 272-step
                                                               Selangor’s capital. It has a number of official
stairway disappearing into the limestone mountain.
                                                               buildings, including the Sultan’s Palace. But Shah
The caves themselves consist of three large main
                                                               Alam’s most impressive building is the gigantic
caves and several smaller ones. The 180-metre-long



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                                                          21
Kuala Lumpur                                                                         Day Tours from Kuala Lumpur



Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Mosque, which                38. Melaka
is Southeast Asia’s second largest.

The architect Baharuddin Abu Kassim built the Shah
Alam Mosque in 1983. Its aluminium dome is
beautifully decorated with typical Islamic enamelled
steel ”tiles”. The mosque, with its impressive dome
and its four, more than 100-metre-tall minarets, can
accommodate 16,000 people.

36a. Agricultural Park
Bukit Cahaya Seri Alam
The Agricultural Park opened in 1986 in Shah Alam.
The Park is built as an open-air university, where in
addition to enjoying delightful nature, the visitor can
learn about research in agriculture, the names of
trees and various utility plants, and many other
things.

37. Port Dickson
Port Dickson, 60 km S
The resort town and seaport of Port Dickson is
situated by the Straits of Malacca, and it has several
kilometres of fine-grained sandy beaches. The town
was founded in the 1880s, and it has developed into            Melaka, 120 km SE
a favourite beach and holiday destination for the              www.melaka.gov.my/eng/tourism.asp
citizens of Kuala Lumpur.                                      www.tourism-melaka.com
                                                               The city of Melaka is situated by the historical
From Port Dickson one can visit the 16th century               Straits of Malacca, which for centuries has been a
Portuguese lighthouse at Cape Rachardo. There is a             place where seafarers of all nations congregated.
fascinating view of the Straits of Malacca and the             The influences of many different cultures have
coast of Sumatra from the top of the lighthouse.               made the city a colourful and historically fascinating
                                                               place to visit. Melaka’s dominance began in the 15th
The Raja Jumaat Fortress, built in 1847, is also               century when goods from all over the region were
interesting. Its purpose was to control the lucrative          traded and shipped there. A few of the city’s
tin trade of the day.                                          countless attractions are described below.




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                                                          22
                          Kuala Lumpur                                                                                             Day Tours from Kuala Lumpur



                          38a. Red Square                                                 38c. Maritime Museum
                          Red Square                                                      Melaka’s Maritime Museum fascinatingly details the
                          In and around Red Square, whose name derives                    city’s central position in shipping and trade from
                          from its red-painted buildings, are found most of the           the 13th century Malay sultanate until the periods
                          houses from the Dutch period. From 1641-1650,                   characterized by Portuguese, Dutch and British
                          Stadthuys was the centre of the Dutch Governor’s                influence.
                          administration. The Dutch-built Christ Church was
                          opened in 1753. On the hill by Red Square lie the               38d. Melaka’s Mosques
                          remnants of the Portuguese St Paul’s Church from                Melaka has some of Kuala Lumpur’s oldest
                          1521.                                                           mosques, built in a unique style inspired in part by
                                                                                          Sumatran architecture. Kampong Kling Mosque has
                          38b. Portuguese Square                                          a pyramid-like roof and a minaret in pagoda-style
                          Portuguese Square                                               with Moor traits. Another interesting mosque is
                          The Portuguese Square in Melaka is the epicentre of             Kampong Hulu of Tranquerah.
                          Portuguese influence on the city. The place is also
                          called Mini Lisbon, and there visitors can get a sense
                          of bygone colonial times.




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                                                                                   23
Kuala Lumpur                Day Tours from Kuala Lumpur




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               24
Kuala Lumpur                                                         Children / Shopping / Transportation




With Children in Kuala                                  Public transport in Kuala
Lumpur                                                  Lumpur
National Science Center (Bukit Kiara):                  Kuala Lumpur transport, Putra:
www.psn.gov.my                                          www.putralrt.com.my

Mimaland (18 km Northeast)                              Kuala Lumpur City transport, Star:
                                                        www.klrt.com.my/starlrt/main.html
Mines Wonderland:
www.mines.com.my/wonderland/wonderland.a                Kuala Lumpur City transport, monorail:
sp                                                      www.monorail.com.my

National Zoo & Aquarium (13 km Northeast):              Kuala Lumpur Airport:
www.zoonegara.org.my                                    www.klia.com.my

Butterfly Park (Lake Gardens)                           Malaysia Railways and KTM Komuter:
                                                        www.ktmb.com.my
Sunway Lagoon:
www.sunway.com.my/lagoon


Shopping in Kuala Lumpur
Bintang Walk, Golden Triangle, Chinatown, Little
India

Alamanda Shopping Centre (Jalan Alamanda,
Putrajaya):
www.alamanda.com.my

Berjaya Times Square (Jalan Imbi 1):
www.timessquarekl.com

Central Market (Jalan Hang Tuah Kasturi):
www.centralmarket.com.my

Mid Valley Megamall (Lingkaran Syed Putra):
www.midvalley.com.my

Sungei Wang Plaza (Jalan Sultan Ismail):
www.sungeiwang.com

Suria KLCC (KLCC):
www.suriaklcc.com.my




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                                                   25
                          Kuala Lumpur                                                                                                  Metro Map




                          Metro Map




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Kuala Lumpur                                                    Facts about Malaysia




 Facts about Malaysia




 Political
 Official name           Malaysia
 Capital                 Kuala Lumpur
 System of government    Federal Constitutional Monarchy
 Head of state           Monarch Mizan Zainal Abidin
 Head of government      Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
 National Day            31 August
 Independence achieved   31 August 1957 from Great Britain
 Primary religion        Islam
 Language                Malay
 Area                    329,847 km²
 Population (2008)       25,274,133




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                                    27
                          Kuala Lumpur                                                                                                 Facts about Malaysia




                           Borders on
                           North                                                 Thailand, Brunei, the South China Sea, the Sulu Sea
                           South                                                 Singapore, Indonesia, Strait of Malacca
                           East                                                  Indonesia, Celebes Sea, the Sulu Sea
                           West                                                  Strait of Malacca


                           Highest Mountains
                           Gunung Kinabalu                                       4,101 metres
                           Gunung Trus Madi                                      2,642 metres
                           Gunung Tambuyukon                                     2,579 metres
                           Gunung Murud                                          2,423 metres
                           Gunung Tahan                                          2,187 metres
                           Gunung Korbu                                          2,183 metres
                           Gunung Liang Timur                                    1,934 metres
                           Gunung Nuang                                          1,493 metres
                           Gunung Ledang                                         1,276 metres
                           Gunung Jerai                                          1,217 metres




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                                                                                             28
Kuala Lumpur                                             Facts about Malaysia




 Largest Islands
 Borneo*                  743,330 km²
 Palau Sebatik            452 km²
 Palau Banggi             441 km²
 Palau Betruit            417 km²
 Palau Penang             293 km²
 Palau Langkawi           204 km²
 *Only partly Malaysian



 Largest Lakes
 Tasik Kenyir             260 km²
 Tasik Bear               62 km²

 Longest Rivers
 Sungai Rajang            563 km
 Sungai Kinabatangan      560 km
 Sungai Pahang            459 km
 Sungai Perak             400 km
 Sungai Kelang            120 km

 Largest Cities (2002)
 Kuala Lumpur             1,297,000
 Johor Bahru              631,000
 Kelang                   631,000
 Ipoh                     574,000
 Petaling Jaya            438,000
 Kuching                  424,000
 Subang Jaya              423,000
 Ampang                   348,000
 Shah Alam                319,000
 Kota Kinabalu            305,000




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                                    29
                          Kuala Lumpur                                                  Facts about Malaysia




                           Administrative Division
                           State                     Area                  Capital
                           Melaka                    18 987 km²            Johor Bahru
                           Labuan                    9 425 km²             Alor Setar
                           Kelantan                  15 024 km²            Kota Bahru
                           Kedah                     92 km²                Labuan
                           Johor                     1 652 km²             Melaka
                           Negri Sembilan            6 644 km²             Seremban
                           Pahang                    35 965 km²            Kuantan
                           Perak                     21 005 km²            Ipoh
                           Perlis                    795 km²               Kangar
                           Pinang                    1 031 km²             George Town
                           Sabah                     73 619 km²            Kota Kinabalu
                           Sarawak                   124 450 km²           Kuching
                           Selangor                  7 690 km²             Shah Alam
                           Terengganu                12 955 km²            Kuala Terengganu
                           Wilayah Persekutuan       243 km²               Kuala Lumpur
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                                                                 30
Kuala Lumpur                                                  Facts about Malaysia




 Heads of State since 1957
 Tuanku Abdul Rahman             1957-1960
 Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah     1960-1960
 Tuanku Syed Putra               1960-1965
 Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah   1965-1970
 Tuanku Abdul Halim              1970-1975
 Yahya Petra                     1975-1979
 Ahmad Shah Al-Mustain Billah    1979-1984
 Iskandar                        1984-1989
 Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah          1989-1994
 Jaafar                          1994-1999
 Salahuddin Abdul Aziz           1999-2001
 Syed Sirajuddin                 2001-2006
 Mizan Zainal Abidin             2006-


 Prime Ministers since 1957
 Abdul Rahman                    1957-1970
 Abdul Razak                     1970-1976
 Hussein Onn                     1976-1981
 Mahathir Mohamad                1981-2003
 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi           2003-




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                                         31
                          Kuala Lumpur                                                                       Facts about Malaysia



                           National Holidays and Memorial Days
                           1 January                                Hari Raya Haji
                           January-February, date varies            Chinese New Year
                           1 May                                    1 May Celebrations
                           May, date varies                         Buddhist Wesak
                           31 August                                National Day
                           Date varies                              Hari Raya Puasa
                           October-November date varies             Deepavali
                           25 December                              Christmas Day
                           Date varies                              Hari Raya Puasa/Eid
                           If a national holiday falls on a Sunday, the following Monday will be a holiday


                           Varous facts
                           Currency                                 Ringgits
                           Currency code                            MYR
                           Time zone                                Malaysia Standard Time (UTC+8)
                           Country postal code                      MAL
                           Internet domain                          .my
                           Telephone country code                   +60
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                                                                               32
Kuala Lumpur                                                          Facts about Malaysia




                              Average daily temperature   Precipitation
 Climate – Kuala Lumpurs
                              °C/°F                       millimetres/inches
 January                      26.1/79.0                   162/6.4
 February                     26.5/79.7                   170/6.7
 March                        26.8/80.2                   231/9.1
 April                        26.9/80.4                   276/10.9
 May                          27.2/81.0                   196/7.7
 June                         27.0/80.6                   126/4.9
 July                         26.5/79.7                   128/5.0
 August                       26.5/79.7                   141/5.6
 September                    26.4/79.5                   195/7.7
 October                      26.3/79.3                   267/10.5
 November                     26.1/79.0                   281/11.1
 December                     26.0/78.8                   228/9.0
 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com)


                              Average daily temperature   Precipitation
 Sibus klimat
                              °C/°F                       millimetres/inches
 January                      25,8/78,4                   369/14,5
 February                     26,2/79,2                   274/10,8
 March                        26,5/79,7                   288/11,3
 April                        26,9/80,4                   261/10,3
 May                          27,2/81,0                   222/8,7
 June                         27,2/81,0                   184/7,2
 July                         26,8/80,2                   197/7,7
 August                       26,6/79,9                   225/8,9
 September                    26,6/79,9                   253/10,0
 October                      26,5/79,7                   277/10,9
 November                     26,4/79,5                   290/11,4
 December                     26,0/78.8                   341/13,4
 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com)




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                                               33
                          Kuala Lumpur                                                          Facts about Malaysia



                                                        Average daily temperature   Precipitation
                           Kota Kinabalus klimat
                                                        °C/°F                       millimetres/inches
                           January                      26,0/78.8                   122/4,8
                           February                     26,1/79,0                   59/2,3
                           March                        26,8/80,2                   77/3,0
                           April                        27,5/81,5                   130/5,1
                           May                          27,5/81,5                   232/9,1
                           June                         27,2/81,0                   297/11,7
                           July                         26,9/80,4                   264/10,4
                           August                       26,9/80,4                   258/10,1
                           September                    26,9/80,4                   317/12,5
                           October                      26,6/79,9                   349/13,8
                           November                     26,5/79,7                   304/12,0
                           December                     26,3/79,3                   244/9,6
                           Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com)
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                                                                         34
Kuala Lumpur                    Kapiteloverskrift ONLIBRI




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               35

								
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