SWPBS

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					             SCHOOL WIDE
          POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR
               SUPPORT

                                    SWPBS
                              Anita Davidson
                        Manager Wellbeing Behaviour
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING     www.deet.nt.gov.au
DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
     Supporting Social Competence &
         Academic Achievement
Integrated                                    OUTCOMES

 Elements
                                                             Supporting
                                                              Decision
            Supporting                                        Making…
          Staff Behaviour

                                              PRACTICES

                                            Supporting
                                         Student Behaviour
  DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
   DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING          www.deet.nt.gov.au
SWPBS
• Is for all students (ASD, ADHD etc)

• Views the system, setting, or skill deficiency
  as the problem

• Identifies and teaches replacement skills
  building capacity and relationships

• Relies primarily on positive approaches 4-1..

• Has a goal of sustained results achieved over time 3-5..

• Is developed by a collaborative team in each school…

 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
  DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
  SWPBS provides

• A three-tiered approach to prevention

• An emphasis on instruction

• Behaviour Function Perspective

• Positive approach from staff

• Sustainability
 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
  DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
      CONTINUUM OF SWPBS &
     INTERVENTION SUPPORTS
       Tertiary Prevention:
                Top 1%
     Tertiary Prevention 3-5%
     Specialised Individualised
                                                      FEW
                                                      ~5%
Systems for Students with High-Risk                              Secondary Prevention 15%
             Behaviour                                              Specialised Group
                                                  SOME           Systems for Students with
                                                      ~15%           At-Risk Behaviour




Primary Prevention 100%
     Whole School /
      Classroom-
    Wide Systems for
      All Students,
    Staff, & Settings
                                                      ALL
                                              ~80% of Students

  DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
   DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING                     www.deet.nt.gov.au
Staff List All Inappropriate Behaviours

All staff discuss behaviours and decide whether they
should be managed by all staff or as Office Referrals.
                                                                           OUTCOMES

  •     Disruption                              •   Fighting / violence
  •     bullying                                •   Dangerous behaviour
                                                                           PRACTICES
  •     Refusal                                 •   Late to class
  •     stealing                                •   swearing
                                                                              FEW
                                                                               ~5%
  The number of referrals to the office
                                                                            SOME
                                                                             ~15%
  immediately diminishes, as the expectation
  across the school is aligned.
                                                                              ALL
      DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
       DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING              www.deet.nt.gov.au
 SWPBS – School Rules (ALL)

 • Set 3-5 overarching expectations which apply to
   “all people in all settings”

 • Determine how these expectations will look in
   each setting

 • Set high, yet reasonable expectations
                                                             FEW
                                                              ~5%
 • Stated positively and succinctly…                       SOME
                                                            ~15%


                                                             ALL
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
   SWPBS – What does it look like?

• 3-5 School rules maximum

• Clear Expectations

• Effective behaviour support
                                                               FEW
• Appropriate student behaviour is taught                       ~5%
                                                             SOME
                                                              ~15%

• High ratio of positive feedback - at least 4:1
                                                ALL
   DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
                                                                                                OUTCOMES
    Expectations Defined & Taught

                                                     SETTING
                                                                   2. NATURAL CONTEXT
                                                                                  PRACTICES
Teaching
                                                                               Library/
 Matrix                      All areas   In Class    Playgrounds
                                                                    Canteen
                                                                              Computer    Assembly         Bus
                                                                      line
                                                                                 Lab



                  Be
               respectful      1. SOCIAL SKILL
Expectations




                   Be
               responsible
                                                                                                     FEW
                                                                                                     ~5%
                                                                                                 SOME
                                                                                                  ~15%

               Be ready to
                  learn
                                                                                                     ALL
                DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING                          www.deet.nt.gov.au
                                                            OUTCOMES


   SWPBS – What does it look like?
                                                            PRACTICES

• 3-5 School rules maximum

• Clear Expectations

• Effective behaviour support
                                                               FEW
• Appropriate student behaviour is taught                       ~5%
                                                             SOME
                                                              ~15%

• High ratio of positive feedback - at least 4:1
                                                ALL
   DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
Data Based Decision Making

                                                                               OUTCOMES




                                                                               PRACTICES




                 Example from SWIS                                      SAMS
                                                www.swis.org.au - BM ofwww.deet.nt.gov.au
 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING
                                                         OUTCOMES




                                                         PRACTICES




DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
   A function based approach

• Practically all behaviour serves a purpose of “function”
  in the environment in which it occurs.


• Behaviour has two broad functions:
  to get something, person or event or
  to escape/avoid something, person or
                                       FEW
  event                                ~5%
                                                             SOME
                                                              ~15%


                                                               ALL
  DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
   DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
Traditional Approach to
Managing Challenging Behaviours
Challenging
behaviour
                                          Perception of noncompliance


Maintain/increase                                               Look to
challenging behaviours                                          “Control “or
                                                                “Punish”
                                                                            FEW
                                                                             ~5%
    Student’s needs                             Apply consequence,
                                                                          SOME
    remain                                      Intervention often         ~15%

    unaddressed                                 Using a power
                                                over student approach       ALL
        (Knoster and Lapos, 1993)

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING                  www.deet.nt.gov.au
Effective Behaviour Support
                                 Challenging                      Perception of
 Personal                        behaviour
 growth                                                           unmet needs
 improves
 self control                                                                      Look to
                        Reductions in                                              understand
  Improved              challenging behaviours                                     needs and
  Quality of            by learning alternative                                    develop
  Life                  skills                                                     hypothesis

FEW                                                              Design/deliver
 ~5%                                                             prevention/
                           Meet needs in a
SOME
 ~15%                      more socially                         intervention
                           acceptable manner                     strategies based on
                                                                 hypothesis
ALL
                          (Effective Behaviour Support Knoster & Lapos, 1993. A Different Path.
 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
  DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING                               www.deet.nt.gov.au
Traditional Discipline                                 Positive Behaviour Support
• Rules written for top 20%                            • Rules for ALL Students

• Focused on the student’s                             • Systems, settings, skills
  problem behaviour                                      problem
                                                          – Alters environments
                                                          – Replaces undesired behaviour
                                                            with a new behaviour or skill
                • Goal is to stop                         – Supports teachers to teach
                                                            appropriate skills
  FEW             undesirable
  ~5%             behaviour through
                                                       • Rewards appropriate
SOME              the use of
 ~15%                                                    behaviour
                  consequences or
                  punishment
  ALL
   DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
    DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING                      www.deet.nt.gov.au
 Whole School Approach

 • School Wide discipline is NOT achieved one
   student at a time

 • Successful individual student behaviour
   support is linked to host environments or
   schools that are effective, efficient, relevant,
   and durable                                  FEW
                                                                      ~5%
                                                                   SOME
                                                                    ~15%
                            Horner, Sugai and Horner 2002

                                                                     ALL
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING           www.deet.nt.gov.au
 SWPBS – Expected Outcomes

            FEW                                            \
                                                          ~3%
             ~5%                                          ~6%

         SOME
            ~15%




          ALL                                          ALL
    ~80% of Students                                ~91% of Students

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING               www.deet.nt.gov.au
            SWPBS – Schools in
          Queensland and Tasmania

Reported;

• Improvement in student behaviour and
  general tone / climate of the school

• Reductions of behaviour referrals or at least
  the reduction in the intensity of referrals


DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
   Example of Cost benefit
   over 2 years using SWPBS

• Officer referral over 24months (Av 3 a day) = 1200

• If one office referral = 15 minutes of administrator time then



             1200 x 15mins = 18000 minutes
                                                = 300 hours

                                                = 50 days to reinvest


  DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
   DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING            www.deet.nt.gov.au
    In conclusion - SWPBS

• is a team based approach
• Is a process that grows with the school
• No two SWPBS plans look the same
• Is Data Driven and evidence based
• Uses preventative strategies, explicit
  teaching, and reinforcement-based strategies
• School Team involved in leadership and
  coaching is the key to the process....


DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
   SWPBS is NOT...

• NOT a specific package or curriculum – it is a few core
  features that may look different in each individual
  school

• NOT a warm and fuzzy....it is systematic and evidence-
  based

• NOT limited to any particular group of students...it’s for
  all students..

• Not new... It’s based on a long history of practice and
  research

  DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
   DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
                                  www.pbis.org




DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au
                School Wide Information Systems




PBS
Tasmania http://www.education.tas.gov.au/school/health/wellbeing/positivebehaviour
Queensland http://www.learningplace.com.au/deliver/content.asp?pid=24668
NT to come!!



  DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING             www.deet.nt.gov.au
          QUESTIONS



   •Our school already has a positive behaviour
   program eg (You Can Do It, FSF etc)
   Do we need to drop this in order to have SWPBS?

   •How is training organised and who needs to attend?

   •How do we get SWPBS?




DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING   www.deet.nt.gov.au