Role of parents Rethinking Drinking You re in Control (PowerPoint)

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					  What’s the latest research?

Parenting influences on adolescent
alcohol use:
• published in 2004
• prepared by the Australian Institute of
  Family Studies for the Australian
  Government Department of Health and
• provides a comprehensive literature
  review and analysis of recent research
      What approach did the
       researchers take?
• Two theoretical models – the Social
  interaction model and the Social
  development model were used.
• Analyses the complex interaction between
  individual, parental and environmental
  influences on youth drinking behaviour
• Looks at a variety of factors and the
  evidence supporting their role as
  influencing youth alcohol use
 What were the main findings?

• Parents play an important role in
  influencing their children’s drinking
• In fact, parents are one of the most
  important factors influencing young
  people’s alcohol consumption.
• Young people’s peer group, cultural
  norms, and the law also play substantial
  and influential roles
What are the influencing factors?

Parental monitoring
• This is the factor most consistently
  associated with youth alcohol use
• Parental monitoring includes being aware
  of where their teenage children are and
  what they do in their spare time
• Young people who are poorly monitored
  by their parents are more likely to start
  drinking at a younger age and to risk drink.
What are the influencing factors?

Parental awareness of adolescent
alcohol use
• Parents often underestimate their
  children’s alcohol use
• Parents who are aware of the potential for
  alcohol misuse are more likely to respond
  if their children misuse alcohol
• This reduces the risk of alcohol-related
  harms in their children
What are the influencing factors?

Parental behaviour management
• Family rules and standards are important
• Families with positive discipline and
  rewards for good behaviour are associated
  with lower rates of alcohol misuse.
• Families with harsh discipline and high
  conflict are associated with higher levels of
  alcohol misuse.
What are the influencing factors?

Parent-child relationship quality
• High quality parent-child relationships are
  associated with lower levels of alcohol use
  and lower levels of problem use
• Low quality, negative parent-child
  relationships are associated with higher
  rates of alcohol use and higher rates of
  problem use
What are the influencing factors?

Parental norms
• Parents’ attitudes to adolescent alcohol
  use have a large impact
• Adolescents whose parents show
  disapproval of their drinking tend to drink
• Adolescents whose parents are more
  tolerant or permissive of their drinking
  behaviour tend to drink more.
    Research conclusions

Conclusion 1

 Parents should be provided with
 information concerning the advantages of
 delaying the age at which young people
 begin using alcohol.
      Research conclusions

Conclusion 2

 Parents should be provided with educative
 guidelines on the influence of parental
 attitudes and norms on adolescent alcohol
 use, as well as guidance in managing the
 social pressure they feel to allow their
 adolescents to consume alcohol.
      Research conclusions

Conclusion 3

 Once adolescents have commenced
 alcohol use, parents should be provided
 with educative guidelines which enable
 them to guide their adolescents in
 responsible alcohol use.
       Research conclusions

Conclusion 4
 Parent education and family intervention
 programs should be supported in Australia
 to assist parents to gain skills for
 encouraging their adolescents to delay
 initiation to alcohol use and to adopt less
 harmful patterns of use. Intervention and
 prevention programs should receive best
 practice evaluations.
      What does this mean for
• Parents are important!
• Parents influence their children’s attitudes
  to alcohol and their consumption patterns
• Parents can make a difference to their
  children’s drinking and help prevent risk
• Talking to adolescent children about
  alcohol issues can help reduce their risk of
  alcohol-related harms
       For more information

  Parenting influences on adolescent
                alcohol use
Report is available online at:
Proudly sponsored by:

             Australian    Alcohol Education and
             Associated    Rehabilitation
             Brewers Inc   Foundation

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