PPT KB Pr sentation by nikeborome


									                                 Integrated environmental monitoring
                        Pilot project in the German Biosphere Reserve Rhön
                               -A contribution to monitoring and development of indicators for
                                                    biological diversity-

                           Gabriele Twistel (Federal Environmental Agency), Konstanze Schönthaler (Bosch & Partner,
                                           Munich), Benno Hain (Federal Environmental Agency), 2002

Targets of integrated environmental
With the aid of integrated environmental monitoring
changes of processes and functions in the
ecosystem are to be early diagnosed (early warning
function). This is connected with the possibility of
taking counteracting measures before grave
environmental problems will become obvious. In            Essential results of the pilot project:
addition, the efficiency of existing environmental        1. The „core data set“ as set of parameters for which data
monitoring     programmes        and  measurement            are to be collected or to be provided by the existing
networks is to be increased by a stronger                    measurement and monitoring programmes for
coordination of the current monitoring activities and        integrating interpretations
an integrating data interpretation.                       2. Proposals for a harmonised collection of environmental
                                                          3. The interpretation concept
                                                          4. The exemplary environmental report
Pilot project
By commission of the Federal Environmental
Agency (UBA) and the Bavarian State Ministry for
Regional Development and Environmental Affairs a
research project was carried through between 1997
                                                          Cause-effect hypotheses
                                                          Cause-effect hypotheses were developed as part of the interpretation concept. They define the
and 2001 which served the composition and
                                                          problems to be dealt with by integrated environmental monitoring, forming at the same time the basic
exemplary implementation of a concept for an
                                                          structure for reporting. The cause-effect hypotheses are classified into 10 complexes by which
integrated environmental monitoring. It was tested
                                                          essential environmental problems are to be described (e.g. changes in biodiversity). Each cause-
in the Biosphere Reserve Rhön.
                                                          effect hypothesis is subdivided into partial hypotheses. The structure is oriented to indicator
                                                          concepts discussed on international scale.

                                                           Example:    Changes in biodiversity and its consequences
Methodical approach
A methodology for deriving a monitoring programme                           Causes                                Primary effects                     Secondary effects
   based on a 3-piece approach was developed and
                                                             Agriculture:                                 Agro- ecosystems:                           Consequences for
   tested:                                                   • Decline in agriculturally used             • Total loss of floristic and                 nature balance:
1. Problem-based       approach:       Environmental              areas, decline in areas so far            faunistic diversity of agro-              • Variations in stability
   problems recognised as being relevant are                      cultivated extensively                    ecosystems, however with a                  and efficiency of
   compiled, the respective cause-effect correlations        Recreational use:                              regionally different development            ecosystems and
   are described, and trends of their future                 • Intensified use of nature and land-        • Loss of genetic diversity of stock          nature balance
   development are formulated in the form of                      scape for tourism, leisure time and       of domestic animals and                   • Variations in material
                                                                  recreation                                cultivated plants                           and energy cycles
   hypotheses.                                               Further causes:                                                                          • Variations in primary
2. System-theoretical approach: Based on the                 Forestry, use of groundwater,                Recreation areas:                             productivity
   results of ecosystem research/ecosystem theory,           extraction of stones and earths,             • Growing danger to and loss of
   hypotheses relating to basic functional processes         changes of temperature and radiation           species sensitive to disturban-
   which proceed in ecosystems (independent on               regimes, introduction of alien species         ces owing to intensified
   the ecosystem type and scale level) are                    ...                                           recreational use also of
   formulated. On the basis of these hypotheses,                                                            protected areas
   important key values for the efficiency of the                                                         ...
   ecosystem are described. Changes of these key
   values provide information on changes of basic
   ecosystem processes.
3. Data-based approach: A feedback with the
   measurement and monitoring programmes                                             Parameters are assigned to partial hypotheses
   already existing ensures the practicability of the                                        Example: Recreation areas, primary effects
   developed programme.
                                                                                                                         Animals:                         Parameters:
                                                                 The increasing use of nature and landscape for          Species sensitive to             breeding success of
                                                                 leisure time and recreation will result in an           disturbances (such as            large birds and
                                                                 increase of various impacts on areas so far                                              raptors
                                                                                                                         large birds, raptors, and        birds of open areas
                                                                 untouched or less intensively used (e.g., areas         meadow birds and wading          wading and water
                                                                 subject to water pollution control and nature           and water birds), species        birds
                                                                 protection). On the one hand, animal species,           of raw soil locations            carabids
                                                                 which are especially sensitive to disturbances,
                                                                 will be affected as well as species sensitive to        Plants and vegetation:
                                                                 trampling and eutrophication. Their population          Species and populations          occurrence and
                                                                 sizes will decrease. On the other hand, activities      sensitive to trampling and       abundance of
                                                                 of leisure time and recreation, which are               depending on oligotrophy         species (vegetation
                                                                 compatible to nature, will, on the long term,           (e.g. neglected grassland,       mapping, transect
                                                                 contribute to reducing disturbing effects on                                             mapping, species
                                                                                                                         waysides, dwarf shrub            list).
                                                                 protected areas.                                        heath, increase in species
                                                                                                                         which are insensitive to

Further information          relating to the project “Exemplary implementation of the conception for integrated environmental monitoring in the cross-boundary
Biosphere Reserve Rhön” (R+D project 296 91 076/01) is available at the Umweltbundesamt (Federal Environmental Agency), Postfach 33 00 22, 14191 Berlin,
Germany, at www.umweltbundesamt.de, keyword “ökosystemare Umweltbeobachtung” (integrated environmental monitoring), or by e-mail (biodiversity@uba.de
or gabriele.twistel@uba.de).

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