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BIODIVERSITY PERFORMANCE MEASURES Their role in Rio Tinto

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BIODIVERSITY PERFORMANCE MEASURES Their role in Rio Tinto Powered By Docstoc
					BIODIVERSITY PERFORMANCE MEASURES – Their role
in Rio Tinto
Dave Richards
Principal Adviser, Environment




1   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
        Presentation Content

• Rio Tinto

• Rio Tinto’s Biodiversity Strategy

• Net Positive Impact

• The Rio Tinto/Earthwatch Working Group
  on Biodiversity Performance Measures

• Indicators and Targets




        2     EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
                          Rio Tinto Group

6 “Product Groups”                                    36,000 people, including 6,000
                                                       in Joint Ventures

    20 Countries                                      Multiple cultures

                                                      20,000 km2 of land, only 7%
       54 Mining Operations                            „needed‟ for mining


            12 Smelting/Refining Operations


                 23 Other Facilities and Development Projects


                        Exploration and Technology


3     EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
                                                         Location of Rio Tinto operations


                Diamonds
                                              Aluminium

 Zinc, silver   Talc
                       Coal              TiO2 / Iron
 and gold
                                         Iron Ore
      Gold                          Talc          Talc
                       Coal
   Borates
                        Gold

    Copper /
      Gold /
     Silver /
Molybdenum                                   Iron ore

                                                                                                                     Gold
                                                                            Diamonds      Gold
                                                                                                Uranium              Bauxite
                    Iron ore                                                                 Diamonds              Coal
                                                         Uranium                              Salt                 Alumina
                                                                              TiO2     Iron ore            Coal
                                                                                                                   Aluminium
                                                                           Copper           Talc
                                                                                                                  Coal
                                                                                                                  Copper/
                                                                                               Aluminium
                                                                   TiO2                                           gold
                                                                                                                   Aluminium

                                  Borates


                4      EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London          11th November 2005
Biodiversity partners
 GLOBAL
 – BirdLife International
 – Earthwatch
 – Fauna & Flora International
 – Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
 – UNEP - World Conservation Monitoring Centre
 – Eden Project – Post Mining Alliance

 LOCAL
 – The Australian Museum
 – British Trust for Conservation Volunteers
 – Conservation Volunteers Australia
 – Conservation International
 – World Wide Fund For Nature Australia
 – National Audubon Society



           5   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
Rio Tinto Biodiversity Strategy: Development 1997 - 2005


                     • Partnerships with conservation NGOs from 1997 onwards
                     • Business case paper put to Rio Tinto Board in 2000
                     • Biodiversity activity survey of Rio Tinto carried out in
                       2001
                     • Strategy development groups operated 2002 – 2004
                         – Internal Steering Group
                         – External Advisory Panel
                     • External and internal authors developed drafts in 2003 -
                       2004
                     • Wide consultation phase internally and externally 2004
                     • Strategy launched at World Conservation Forum
                       Bangkok Nov 2004
                     • Implementation, support, reporting 2005 onwards
                     • Ongoing issues – measurement & indicators, offsets


      6   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
  Rio Tinto biodiversity strategy: Elements


• Position Statement and Principles
   – Our beliefs and commitments
• Guidance document
   – Best Practice at all stages
• Case studies
   – Examples of successful programmes
• Working groups
   – Continuing collaborative policy and
     guidance development on offsets,
     performance measurement
• Partnership programmes
   – Implementation support, capacity
     building


           7   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
Net Positive Impact: the Position Statement and Principles

“Rio Tinto aims to have a net positive impact on biodiversity by minimising
the negative impacts of its activities and by making appropriate contributions
to conservation in the regions in which it operates.”

                                                       • Delivering on this aim will require
                                                         both impacts and positive actions to
                                                         be measured
                                                       • Initially, the outcomes will be
                                                         designed and applied to new
                                                         projects
                                                       • This gives us an active interest in
                                                         the issues surrounding the use of
                                                         biodiversity offsets
                                                       • The diversity of Rio Tinto means
                                                         that aggregation will require a
                                                         currency to be established


       8   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
Rio Tinto – EarthWatch International BPM Project

Project Aim:
To develop a set of tailored performance measures that will enable
 Rio Tinto to assess and report progress towards its biodiversity
 strategy commitment of a „Net Positive Impact on Biodiversity‟




    9   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
Rio Tinto – EarthWatch International BPM Project
Progress to date
• A collaborative project involving input
  from a diverse range of internal and
  external stakeholders

• Review of measurement systems and
  approaches commissioned and
  completed (Ecological Solutions, G.
  Tucker)

• Workshop convened Sept 21-22

• Actioned items identified to carry
  project forward into 2006

       10   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
Rio Tinto – EarthWatch International BPM Project
Key issues to be resolved

                               • Identify the audiences for reporting biodiversity
                                 results and performance
                               • Define the sphere of responsibility (geographic &
                                 temporal) for Rio Tinto‟s primary and secondary
                                 impacts
                               • Identify suitable baselines and establish acceptable
                                 background change against which to measure
                                 performance
                               • Define the scale at which to measure performance
                                 (global, national, local)
                               • Set the right currency for collecting and aggregating
                                 data
                               • Develop indicators that meet a variety of criteria
                                 including site specificity, simplicity, based on
                                 categories


     11   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
Indicators: Pressure – State – Response framework



                                    Pressure

   Reduce /                                                         Impacts
   manage
                                  MONITOR



                     Response                         State




                                    Plan and
                                   implement



    12   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
Indicators: Key Features Methodology

    The development of Biodiversity indicators is based around
    the characterisation of key biodiversity features (taxonomies)



•   Species

•   Habitats

•   Ecosystem features

•   Ecosystem services

•   Cultural & Social values



       13   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
         Indicators: Refining Taxonomies

         Each key taxonomy will hold intrinsic and service values

                              Species                     Habitats                 Ecosystem
                                                                                   Processes



Intrinsic Value        1a. e.g. Extinction,       2a. e.g. Rare                3a. e.g.Evolutionary
                           threatened                 habitats                     diversification
                           species


Service Value          1b. e.g. Food, fibre       2b. e.g. Habitat for         3b. e.g. Air quality
                           fuel                       species of                   maintenance
                                                      economic
                                                      significance


         14   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005
Conclusions


• Rio Tinto‟s biodiversity strategy gives
  us an interest in the debate on
  Biodiversity Performance Measures
• Our aim to have a Net Positive
  Impact on biodiversity will require the
  selection of indicators and the setting
  of targets
• We have embarked on an inclusive
  process involving a wide range of
  internal and external experts
• We are also contributing to the BPM
  debate in the conservation
  community


         15   EarthWatch Institute Workshop, RGS London   11th November 2005