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Slide 1 - Welcome to MGNREGA

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Slide 1 - Welcome to MGNREGA Powered By Docstoc
					   National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) notified on 7th September,
   2005
   Aims at Enhancing livelihood security of households in rural areas of the country
   by Providing at least 100 day of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year
   to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled work
   General status of NREGA in Karnataka state (As on April 6 2009)

                              Particulars                           Quantity
      Employment provided to households            7.5 Lakhs

      Total person days generated                  6.09 Lakhs

      Women                                        2.91 Lakhs (47.59%)
      Total fund                                   15435.98 crore
      Total works taken up                         47277
      Expenditure                                  9944.8 crore
Number of Districts covered in Karnataka State
I Phase (2006-07) : 5 districts were introduced
    II Phase (2007-08) : 6 districts
    III Phase (2008-09) : remaining 18 districts were brought
                                                Districts


                                Good                          Poor
                        (Higher Person Days)           ( Low Person Days)



                   Chitradurga         Hassan          Shimoga           Davanagere
                    ( I Phase)       ( II Phase)      ( II Phase)          I Phase


Basis for Selection of Block\Taluk                                 Basis for selection of GP and works



                    Proximity to urban centre                          Random selection


                                                             One village and one work for each G.P
                 Based on financial performance
                                                                       ( 4 G.Ps per Block)


                                                            Out of 4 works per block, 3 ongoing works
                      Based on person days
                                                                     and one completed work
Good                                                                   Poor Performing
Performing                                                             (Low
(Higher                                                                Person days)
Person days)




                                                       Out of 4 works per block,
                                                       3 ongoing works and one
      Total sample size in each district: 80 workers       completed work
                                                Interaction with
                                                 G.P secretary


Data was collected at Micro and Macro levels

Macro level-                                                            Interaction with
                 Block level                                           Deputy Secretary
                 District level

                                                                   Data collection from
                                                                        labourers
Micro Level-
                 Gram Panchayath level
                 Village level
                 Work site level
                                  Interaction
                                  with Rozgar
                                   Sahayak
                                                                     Paired t                                                                                           Paired t
 Hassan                                  Before          After
                                                                       test                            Shimoga                               Before        After        test
      Annual mean income                  6725          7584.5         2.16*                          Annual mean income                       6867.5         7750      2.49*
    No. of beneficiaries per                                                                          No. of beneficiaries per
                                          2.25            2.55        0.95NS
             family                                                                                   family                                       1.9         2.3      2.72**
 No. of working days per year            187.75         216.25        3.15**                          No. of working days per year              187.9       208.75      3.35**
      Job satisfaction (%)                 30             77.5                                        Job satisfaction (%)                        37.5        62.5
   Bank account opened (%)                 7.5            95.0                                        Bank account opened (%)                     17.5             90
 Migration (% of respondent)              22.5            20.1                                        Migration (% of respondent)                 47.5        32.5
** indicates that 1 per cent level of significance,                                                  ** indicates that 1 per cent level of significance,
* indicates that 5 per cent level of significance                                                    * indicates that 5 per cent level of significance
                                                                                                                     Paired t
                                                        Chitradurga                     Before         After         test
                                                       Annual mean income                 6902.5            8250     2.71**
                                                       No. of beneficiaries per
                                                       family                                  1.9          2.75     3.59**
                                                       No. of working days per
                                                       year                                   180            198     3.27**
                                                       Job satisfaction (%)                    35              70
                                                       Bank account opened
                                                       (%)                                     7.5           100
                                                                                                                                        .
                                                       Migration (% of
                                                       respondent)                           35.5           22.5
                                                      ** indicates that 1 per cent level of significance,
                                                      * indicates that 5 per cent level of significance
                                   Hassan         Rural connectivity

                                                  w ater conservation and w ater
                                                  harvesting
                        4% 2%
            11%
  4%                                              Renovationof tradition w ater
                                                  bodies
                                            41%
                                                  Irrigation canals
15%
                                                  Irrigation facilities to SC/ST                      Shimoga

                  23%
                                                  Land development                                              Flood control

                                                                                         7%   2% 2%             water conservation and
                                                                                   11%
                                Chitradurga       Other w orks                                                  water harvesting
                                                                                                                Drought proofing

                                                                                                                Irrigation canals
                                                    Flood control                                     78%
      25%                              25%                                                                      Land development
                                                    w ater conservation and
                                                    w ater harvesting
                                                    Drought proofing
13%

                                37%                 Irrigation canals
         Constraints-General
• Demand driven approach is not properly
appreciated at all levels
•Inadequate manpower to implement and
supervise NREGA works
•Wherever Market wage rates are higher,
implementation of NREGA suffered
•Inadequate technical support
                              Hassan District
               Labour level                         Gram Panchayath level

•NREGA Wage rate lower than
  Market wage rate (Rs.111.7/day)         • Most of the GP secretaries are not
•Demand for advance payment                 adequately qualified/trained to
• Less labour demand for NREGA            understand the procedures and process to
  work due to migration                     execute the NREGA works efficiently
• Organizing Labour is difficult
• In case of community works, sense       • Delay in payment due to delay in writing
 of belongingness is lacking               the MB book
• Delay in Payment (20 days-Arasikere)
•Especially in summer, works which        • MIS not updated (Arasikere block)
involve digging there is shortage of
men labour                                • Poor level of entries in job cards
•No awareness about Provision and
  procedures of the Act ( 10 %)           •Lack of awareness about social audit

                                          •Weak convergence of NREGA with other
                                          Departments like Watershed
                                Shimoga District
                 Labour level                          Gram Panchayath level


•Demand for daily payment                 •Implementation of NREGA is
                                           difficult because of Irrigation.
• NREGA Wage rate lower than
 Market wage rate for men                 • No demand for NREGA works
( Female: Rs. 64.12/day, Male Rs.          in Irrigated area
106.3/day)
                                          • Most of the secretaries are not
• Work available through out the year
  due to irrigation
                                           adequately qualified to clearly
 (Bhadravathi area)                        understand and appreciate the
                                           procedures and efficiently execute
•No awareness about Provisions and         the works
procedures of the Act
                                          • MIS not updated
• Men labour ridiculed by
 neighbors for working under NREGA        • No technical support
 due to equal wage rate for men
 and women
                               Chitradurga District
                Labour level                           Gram Panchayath level

                                            •Most secretaries are not
                                             adequately qualified to clearly
•Demand for daily payment                    understand the procedures and
                                             efficiently execute the works
• No awareness about Provisions and
                                            • Delay in payment due to delay in writing
procedures of the Act
                                             the MB book , check measurement book

• Delay in payment ( 1 to 3 months)         • MIS not updated

                                            • Shortage of Staff to maintain NREGA
• First aid kit not provided at work site    records
( In four blocks)
                                            • No entry in job cards ( 53.42 %)
•Assets are of average quality,
                                            •No technical support
•in some cases below average
                                            • Problem of middle men, use of mechanical
                                             devices like JCB and tractor
              Best Practices
•   Change of work timings -7 AM to 2-30 PM
    (Soraba)

•   Performance of street play to create awareness

•   Mobilization of labour force for executing
    community works, despite low NREGA wages
MIS is good in Hassan District
•   Selection of works which provide benefit to the
    community.
   For instance construction of diversion canal in
    Barandur G.P limits prevented damage to the road,
    water stagnation and rain water gushing to the
    houses in low lying area
Soraba: Desiltation of Tanks resulted increased water
    storage which enabled
• Increased productivity of paddy
    from 20 to 22 quintals/ac
    (area under paddy-50 ac)
• Two crops per year
• Ground water recharge ( 42 wells)
• Incremental Benefit cost ratio: 3.12 Rs.
•Though the programme is said to be demand driven, actually labourers are not
volunteering to participate in NREGA works- Needs motivation

• Where there is assured irrigation and in blocks close to Urban centers, NREGA
implementation need not be target oriented

•Partial use of machineries may be permitted where manual work is difficult

• Need inter-sectoral approach for technical guidance

• Separate setup needs to be given for NREGA with professionals

•Need to reduce complicated procedures to make timely payment
• Ratio of labour to material needs modification from 60:40 to 50:50 in order to
improve the quality and durability of assets.

•Improving capacity building at G.P level

•Provide employment for 100 days for each individual in the household

•Provision for fencing the afforestation in CPR

•Enhance the administrative expenses from present 4 % to 10 %

•Wage rate may be enhanced from Rs.82 to 100/day (Difference in wage rate
between men and women needs further debate)

                                                                    Continued
• Rigorous efforts to create awareness among all the stakeholders regarding the
  procedures and provisions of NREGA
• Implementing agency at various level needs both administrative and technical
  strengthening

• Separate cadre of executive officers are required to implement NREGA more efficiently

• Minimize the number of records under NREGA
  General Status of NREGA in Selected Gram Panchayath of Hassan Taluk
                  Employment demanded              Employment provided                                    Gaps between
                                                                                        No of families
                                                                                                          employment demanded
     G.P                                                                                completed 100
                                                                                                          and provided
                                                                                         days             (No. of HHs)
                  HHs        persons      HHs         persons            person days


   Ambuga         196          673        193           659                 7880                14        3

  Kowshika         86          227        86            226                 2452                4         0

   Markuli        307          678        304           671                18496                48        3

    Tejur          38          86         38            86                  1316                3         0




              Financial performance of NREGA in Hassan Taluk
                                                   Proportion of                                     Participation
                   Labour      Material                                                              of Female per
                                          Total    expenditure on
Panchayath name      cost        cost                                       Male       Female           one male     Total
                                          (Rs.)    material and labour
                    (Rs.)       (Rs.)
                                                         cost

   Ambuga           4.501       2.858     7.359           61:39              924        917                   0.99     1841
   Koushika         0.47        0.15       0.62           76:24              805        653                   0.81     1458

    Markuli        27.165       0.837     28.007          97:3              1458       1367                   0.94     2825
     Tejur          0.984           0     0.984           100:0              984        779                   0.79     1763
              Financial performance of NREGA in Hassan Taluk

                                                        Proportion of                                     Participation
                  Labour        Material                                                                  of Female per
                                           Total        expenditure on
Panchayath name     cost          cost                                          Male         Female          one male     Total
                                           (Rs.)        material and labour
                   (Rs.)         (Rs.)
                                                              cost

   Ambuga         4.501          2.858     7.359              61:39             924           917                  0.99    1841

   Koushika        0.47           0.15      0.62              76:24             805           653                  0.81    1458

    Markuli       27.165         0.837     28.007               97:3            1458         1367                  0.94    2825
     Tejur        0.984            0       0.984              100:0             984           779                  0.79    1763




                                  Composition of beneficiary

                                                                       Ambuga   Koushika      Markuli     Tejur

                                           Literate                        30           10           50           60
                          Education (%)
                                           Illiterate                      70           90           50           40
                                           SC/ST                           80            0            0           60
                            Caste (%)
                                           OBC                             20          100          100           40
                                           Landless                        30           40            0           10
                     Land holding (Acre)   Land holding < 2.5
                                                acre                       70           60          100           90

                                                                                                            N=10
     Awareness among people about Provisions and their rights under NREGA
                  in selected G.P of Hassan taluk and district

                                                              Tejur   Ambuga   Koushika   Markuli

                                  Wall writing                35.0      7.7      14.7       21.6

General                              Radio                     0.0      7.7      11.8       13.5
 Awareness
                     Announcement through auto rickshaw        0.0      0.0      0.0        0.0
   about
  NREGA                             tom tom                    0.0     19.2      20.6       18.9
through this
medium (%)                    Working neighbors               25.0     34.6      29.4       24.3

                    Through Village Secretary /Local leader   40.0     30.8      23.5       21.6

          Families still need to know about NREGA             25.0     40.0      30.0       20.0
Awareness about provisions and procedures of the Act (% of
                                                              30.0      0.0      0.0        0.0
                         respondent)
           Meeting attended (% of respondent)                 30.0      0.0      0.0        20.0
          Willingly participating in NREGA (%)                60.0     70.0      60.0       80.0

                                                                                          N=10
        Status of Application submitted, Job card and Registration of Job card
                                  in Hassan (N=10)

                                                  Tejur   Ambuga   Koushika   Markuli


  Application Submitted for Employment (%)        40.0     20.0      0.0       50.0


         Registration without risk (%)            100.0    90.0      100.0     100.0

 Avg. Gap between registration and issue of job
                                                   2.2      2.6       2.1        2.4
             card (No. of Weeks)

             Entry in job card (%)                100.0     0.0       0.0      100.0

 Dated receipt issued by gram Panchayath (%)      50.0      0.0       0.0        0.0

             Photo in job card (%)                 0.0      0.0       0.0      70.0

                           House Hold             100.0     0.0      90.0      100.0
Job card under
 custody (%)
                       Gram Panchayath             0.0     100.0     10.0        0.0

                               Yes                100.0    70.0      90.0      100.0
Work allotted
in 15 days (%)
                               No                  0.0     30.0      10.0        0.0

          Usefulness of the work (%)              85.0     90.0      84.0      90.0
    Facilities at work site in Selected Gram Panchayath of Hassan Taluk



                                 Tejur             Ambuga       Koushika       Markuli
Facilities at work site
                          Yes            No     Yes     No     Yes    No     Yes     No


     Drinking water       90.0           10.0   80.0    0.0    80.0   20.0   90.0    10.0




         Shade            70.0           30.0   0.0    100.0   10.0   90.0   0.0     0.0




      Medical aid         80.0           20.0   60.0    40.0   90.0   10.0   90.0    10.0




        Creche            0.0        100.0      0.0     100    0.0    100    0.0     100



                                                                                    N=10
      Details of Wage Payment, No of days worked per HHs and Details of
                       Bank account of Beneficiary N=10
                                                        Avg. No. of
                     Avg.     Avg. wage   No. of days      days                      Type of bank account
 Gram                                                                 Bank account
            Sex      Wage       rate in   worked per    required to
Pancyath                                                                opened
                    outside    NREGA         HHs          receive
                                                           wages                     Joint        Individual

           Female   128.0       82.0        14.0           14.3          100.0       75.0           25.0
 Tejur
           Male     157.8       82.0        14.0           12.8          100.0       100.0           0.0

           Female   100.0       82.0                       10.2          100.0       83.3           16.7
Ambuga
           Male     137.5       82.0                       14.7          100.0       75.0           25.0

           Female   72.0        82.0        43.0           9.8           100.0       100.0           0.0
Koushika
           Male     100.0       82.0        43.0           9.8           100.0       80.0           20.0
           Female   80.0        82.0        12.0           9.0           100.0       100.0           0.0
Markuli
           Male     112.2       82.0        13.2           10.5          100.0       22.3           77.7
                                                                                                 N=10
                                     NREGA wage rate Vs Market wage rate
                                           Market w age rate (Rs./day)   NREGA Wage rate (Rs./day)


                      180
                                     157.8
                      160
                                                             137.5
                      140   128
Wage Rate (Rs./day)




                                                                                                       112.2
                      120
                                                   100                             100
                      100
                               82           82         82         82          82         82    80 82        82
                      80                                                 72

                      60

                      40
                      20

                       0
                            Female        Male    Female       Male      Female     Male      Female    Male

                                  Tejur                  Ambuga               Koushika            Markuli
                                   Women Empowerment




                                                                                               N=10
                         Amount
           Avg. No. of              Bank account opened (%)                  Participate in
                          earned                              Savings per                      SHG
           days worked                                                            home
  G.P                    through                                   weeks                      members
              under                                                         management (%
                         NREGA                                   (Rs.)                          (%)
             NREGA                 Joint        Individual                  of Respondent)
                           (Rs.)


 Tejur        14.0       1148.0    75.0            25.0          58.0            85.0          100.0


Ambuga                             83.3            16.7          80.0            66.7          83.5


Koushika      43.0       3526.0    100.0           0.0           80.0            60.0          80.0


Markuli       12.0        984.0    100.0           0.0           40.0            49.0          100.0
    Status of Staff, Training and monitoring in selected Gram Panchayath of Hassan

                                                          Tejur         Ambuga       Koushika     Markuli


                          Panchayath Secretary              3.0            4.0          5.0          6.0
   No. of
    training
    attended                  Wage seekers                  1.0            0.0          0.0          1.0

                Number of staff given to
                     supervise And                          3.0            3.0          3.0          3.0
               implementation of NREGA

                       Evidence of contractors and
                                                            No             No           No           No
                                 machinery

Execution of      Measurement of work done one time
                                                           Yes             Yes          Yes          Yes
      work                 with in a fortnight

                          Technical supervision             No             No           No           No


                       Measurement of work done            Yes             Yes          Yes          Yes


Monitoring             Certification of work done          Yes             Yes          Yes          Yes

                                                      Gram Panchayath     Gram         Gram         Gram
                        Monitoring functionaries
                                                           and Block    Panchayath   Panchayath   Panchayath



               Social audit done (Yes/No)                   No             No           No           No

				
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