INDIAN SPACE PROGRAMME
WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO
Indian Space Research Organisation
Indian Space Programme is an Indigenous Effort with a
capability to provide various socio-economic developmental
The role has been to develop space-technology, system
management and new applications that relevant for India.
INSAT system has been established for communication,
broadcasting and meteorology.
The Indian remote sensing satellite system has been established
for resource survey management.
India has also acquired capability to launch satellites into Polar
as well as Geo-Synchronous satellite orbits through PSLV and
GSLV launchers respectively.
MULTIPLE DIMENSIONS OF INDIAN
EFFORTS FOR SPACE
w NATIONAL RESOURCES MGMT.
w BROADCASTING (TV, RADIO)
w NATIONAL RESOURCES INFO SYS
w SEARCH & RESCUE w SPCEIAL NATIONAL NEEDS
w SPECIAL NATIONAL NEEDS
u SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
w STRATEGIC TECH. CAPACITY
ACADEMIA w INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
w POLICY AND FRAMEWORK
w SPACE SCIENCE RESEARCH
w ATMOSPHERIC STUDIES
SPACE SEGMENT SERVICE SEGMENT
PVT DOT IMD I&B
India has a fleet of satellites operating in S-Band, C-Band,
Ext C- Band and Ku Band for various applications.
The GSAT series of satellites are built and launched for
technology demonstration, validation to prove the
technologies before using them in operational INSATs.
l TELECOM CIRCUITS ON TRUNK
l TV BROADCASTING
l BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS
l MOBILE SATELLITE SERVICES
l RADIO NETWORKING
l SEARCH AND RESCUE SERVICES
l VSAT CONNECTIVITY
l DATA COLLECTION PLATFORMS
l DISASTER WARNING SYSTEM
l DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATION
l TRAINING & EDUCATION
DOT Earth Stations VSATs TV Transmitters DCP Terminals
800 15000 1500 250
0 0 0 0
1997 2001 1997 2001 1997 2001 1997 2001
Telecom Circuits Reaching more inaccessible areas with Digital Technology.
Dramatic increase in Corporate Communications through VSATs.
Introduction of Digital TV for better utilisation of Transponder Capacity.
Unique Services Provided by INSAT
Training and Developmental Education TV Services for Rural Development.
All AIR Stations are networked through INSAT.
Real time hydro meteorological data collection in Narmada, Chambal, Mahanadi, Beas,
Sutlej rivers for Flood Forecasting.
Earth Imaging, Cyclone Warning, Cloud Motion Vectors for Meteorological Services
through INSAT on a continuous basis.
Satellite Aided Search and Rescue Services for distress alert.
DISASTER WARNING SYSTEM
INSAT – MSS
S Band C Band
Voice or Data
Satellite Aided Search and Rescue System
COMMUNICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT
Concept Proving Experiments – A PROFILE
Satellite Instructional TV experiment (SITE)
– Largest Sociological Experiment covering
– Access to Health, Education, Training etc.
Kheda Communication Project (KCP)
– Community TV Broadcasting
Satellite based Distance Education
Training & Development Communication Channel (TDCC)
Interactive training & education
Jhabua Development Communications Project (JDCP)
Rural development in tribal belt
GRAMSAT Pilot Project (GPP)
Vidyavahini (Vehicle of Knowledge)
TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATION CHANNEL
SYSTEMS CONFIGURATION UD
AU DRS Rx
+A RECEIVE ONLY TERMINALS
TV+AUDIO DRS TV
TELEPHONE TALKBACK PC
EARTH STATION TV STUDIO
TELEPHONE TV PHONE FAX
LINES DRS Rx EMAIL
INS INTEGRATED SYSTEM
• TALK-BACK DAMA
• 2-WAY VIDEO
• 2-WAY VIDEO
14 M ANTENNA TALKBACK CLASS ROOM (12)
AES-SAC DECU STUDIO
TV RECEIVE ONLY(CLASS ROOM)
SPACE BASED EDUCATION
ü 5 Spot Beams in
+ ü 1 National Beam
Teaching -End in Ku Band
ü 1 National Beam
in Ext C Band
TELEMEDICINE VIA SATELLITE
Video Conferencing Medical Centre
Panel of Doctors
CCD Imageries of Orissa Cyclone – October 1999
Future Satellite Communications
India is planning to have high
power Ku band satellite for
Programme is on an advanced
communication satellite to meet
A dedicated satellite for formal as
well as informal education is
• Over the years considerable infrastructure and expertise is
developed within the Indian hi-tech industries to provide
support to space missions (satellite and launch vehicles).
• The structural hardware of communication satellite is
produced at Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) which is one of
the leading aerospace industry in the Asia pacific region. All
the satellite structures since the experimental phase to the
present operational era are produced at HAL.
• The satellite propulsion systems are largely taken from
production capability of BHEL, HAL and other private sector
industrial giants like L&T, Godrej and MTAR.
INDUSTRY PARTICIPATION (2)
• The communication payload and its components are normally
made at the electronicsdivision of HAL, Hyderabad, BHEL
Bangalore and Ghaziabad and also at a number of small to
medium scale private enterprises.
• The applications specific integrated circuits (ASICs), hybrid micro
circuits (HMCs) and printed circuit boards are routinely produced
to space quality requirements at hi-tech industries like WIE Poona,
HAL Hyderabad, MICROPAK Bangalore and at leading boundaries
in Europe, as per our design.
• Solar array, battery assemblies are fabricated utilising the
production capacities at BHEL Bangalore and some local private
FACILITIES - Thermovacuum Chamber
FACILITIES - Clean Room
• High Power Test Lab established for High Power component
characterization at S, C, & Ku-Bands
– Peak power generation for multipactor test.
– RF high power handling test in thermal vacuum.
– PIM test
• New AIT complex for ensuring smooth flow of spacecraft
level activities. This complex consists of
– a clean room for spacecraft assembly & test activities
measuring 55m x 34m x 15m
– an anechoic chamber measuring 20m x 15m x 15m
– a thermovac chamber of 6.5m dia
NEW FACILITIES (2)
• Compact Range Test Facility for antenna testing has been
established for unit level antenna test at SAC, Ahmedabad.
The fully equipped compact range is capable of
characterizing antennas from S-band to 40GHz.
• A similar facility for spacecraft level test is under
establishment and will be operational in end 2002.
– The chamber dimensions is 20m x 15m x 30m.
– The silent volume dimensions are 8.8m x 6m x 8m.
COMPACT ANTENNA TEST RANGE FOR
SPACECRAFT LEVEL TEST
INSAT system is one of the largest domestic
communication system and is poised to meet
the total requirement of the country.
It is planned to meet the broadband multimedia
requirement of Indian subcontinent through high
power Ku-Band satellites.
The new applications such as Tele-medicine,
Tele-education, Disaster management, etc. will
be fully met by the future INSAT system.