UNFCCC Coping with Climate Change Adaption ADAPTATION WHAT by nikeborome

VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 9

									Trade Union perspectives on climate change

Introductory training session
Saturday 8th December 2007




                                        1
              WHAT IS ADAPTATION
              TO CLIMATE CHANGE?
Adjustments in social, economic or ecological systems in
respons to effects / impacts of climate change

Implying changes in processes / practices / structures in order
to moderate / offset potential damages
( - or take advantage of climate change opportunities)

People and communities have always adapted to variations in
their climate based on accumulated knowledge.

Adaptation is the process of decreasing vulnerability (to
weather patterns or climate extremes)

Current climate change: Coping capacities have been
exceeded                                                    2
          POLICY RESPONSES

Humanitarian aid (to victims of weather extremes)

Mitigation (of greenhouse gas emission).
  Magnitude of change depends on mitigation
  policies

Adaptation (to climate change impacts). Capacity
  to respond to climate change depends on
  capacity for adaptation. Important complement
  to mitigation action

                                                    3
         NEGOTIATON RESPONSES




HUMAN INTERFERENCE   CLIMATE CHANGE


                         IMPACT
MITIGATION                             ADAPTATION
                     VULNERABILITIES


                         POLICY
                       RESPONSES
                                                4
ADAPTATION POLICY INTERVENTIONS

Mainstreaming adaptation into sustainable
  development (social, economy,
  environment)
Strenghten institutional capacity to lessen
  gaps between
  - local and national processes
  - formal and informal economies
Improved governance; active civil society
  accountable policy and decision making
                                              5
          TRADE UNION POSITION

Adaptation capacity is primarily related to income
  and capabilites – affected by availability of
  resources, information or access to services
Global solidarity through adapatation fund;
  technology transfer; direct financial flows
Social dimension in implementation of flexible
  mechanisms: social indicators / involvement
Positive employment effects:
  - diversification of income opportunities
  - agriculture, forestry, health, construction etc.   6
           UNFCCC PROCESS

• 2004 Buenos Aires: elaboration of five-
  year work programme
• 2005 Montreal: Adoption of programme on
  impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to
  climate change
• 2006 Nairobi: Renamed the Nairobi work
  programme. Agreed plan of activites up to
  2008
                                          7
          UNFCCC OBJECTIVES

Assisting in particular DC / LDC in:

improving understanding and assessment of
  impacts, vulnerability and adaptation

deciding on practical actions and measures
  to respond to climate change

                                             8
                 ADAPTATION FUND

GEF Strategic Priority on Adaptation (SPA) 2004. Ecosystem focused,
  ensuring that climate change concerns are incorporated in the
  management of ecosystems. Pilot demonstration projects. USD 50
  million
GEF Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) 2001. Development
  focused. Supports the poorest countries, which are most vulnerable
  to climate change impacts. Requires the preparation of National
  Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA). USD 90 million (Medium-
  sized projects up to US$ 1.5 million)
GEF Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) 2005. Development
  focused. concerned with development sectors most affected by
  climate change i.e. agriculture, water resources management,
  health, disaster-risk management and coastal zone management.
  Operational in October 2005. USD 60 million

The Adaptation Fund Not expected to generate significant
  resources until at least 2010 (Adaptation levy of 2% from the
  Clean Development Mechanism +++ ?)
                                                                   9

								
To top