Galileo Status und Ausblick

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					Galileo: Status und Ausblick



    Mr. Peter Marchlewski
      General Counsellor
   Galileo Joint Undertaking


      Innovationsforum –
  Bernburg, 27. Oktober 2006
                                           European Organisations
                                                      CE
                                                                                                        OSC
                                                                                                           E
                                                                             Bulgaria    Croatia
                                                             o
www.osce.org - www.coe.int - www.weu.int               Galile                       Romania
www.nato.int - www.eurocontrol.int                                        Slovenia                                               EA
www.esa.int - europa.eu.int                                                                                                        PC
                                                                           Slovakia
                              Turkey                         Czech Republic    VG Estonia                              Albania
                                 Schengen                  Hungary Poland             Latvia
                                                                                                                       FYRoM*
                                  Area                                             EU  Lithuania                                        Belarus
                      Iceland                         Greece      WE
            TO                                      Luxembourg
                                                                      U
                                                                                            BSC
                                                                                                                                       Kazakhstan
        A                                                                                                                              Kyrgyzstan
    N                                                    Portugal                                                                      Tadzhikistan
 United                                                                                                                       Armenia Turkmenistan
 States                                            Belgium
                                                                                                                             Azerbaijan Uzbekistan
                            Norway                  France                          United
                                                                                    Kingdom                                  Georgia
                                                     Germany
                                                                                                                             Moldavia
                                                        Italy
                                                                                                                             Russian
                                                            Netherlands                                                      Federation
     Canada
                 ESA                                            Spain                                                          Ukraine
                                                                                                                                  CIS
                                       Denmark
                                                                              Sweden
                                                                 Austria
                                                                 Finland                                                                Holy See
                                                        € Zone                                  Switzerland
                                                                                                         Andorra
                                                             Ireland                              Bosnia and
                                                                                               Herzegovina
                                                 Malta                                     Liechtenstein
 European Civil Aviation                               Cyprus                            Monaco                                         Galileo
 Conference (ECAC): 42 members,
 of which:                                                                        San Marino                                           EU + ESA
 European Organisation for the Safety of Air                Serbia and Montenegro                 * Former Yugoslav
 Navigation (EUROCONTROL): 35 members                                                                         Republic of Macedonia
 OSCE: Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe: 55 members EU: European Union: 25 members + 4 candidates CE: Council of Europe: 46 members
 WEU: Western European Union: 10 members + 6 associates + 5 observers + 7 partners   NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation: 26 members + 3 candidates
 ESA: European Space Agency: 17 members + 1 co-operating State                  EAPC: Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council: 46 members  € Zone: 12 members
 CIS: Commonwealth of Independent States: 12 members Schengen Area: 15 members VG: Visegrad Group: 4 members BSC: Baltic States Council: 3 members
                        EU-Entwicklung



1958 –     Belgien, Deutschland, Frankreich,
           Italien, Luxemburg, Niederlande,

1973 - + Dänemark, Irland, das Vereinigte
         Königreich

1981-    + Griechenland, Portugal, Spanien

1995-    + Finnland, Österreich, Schweden

2004– + Estland, Lettland, Litauen, Malta,
      Polen, Slowakei, Slowenien,
      Tschechische Republik,
       Ungarn, Zypern

         INSGESAMT 25 Mitgliedsstaaten

2007     +Bulgarien, Rumänien
          Präsidentschaft und Stimmrecht

                              Deutschland, Frankreich, Italien   29
                              und das Vereinigte Königreich


•Präsidentschaft wechselt ½   Spanien und Polen                  27
jährlich                      Niederlande                        13
Schwierig, da MS              Belgien, Tschechische Republik,    12
verschiedene Interessen       Griechenland, Ungarn und
haben                         Portugal

                              Österreich und Schweden            10
•Stimmrechte                  Dänemark, Irland, Litauen,         7
bei                           Slowakei und Finnland
Mehrheitsentscheidungen
überaschende                  Zypern, Estland, Lettland,         4
                              Luxemburg und Slowenien
Gruppierungen möglich
                                                                 3
                              Malta

                              Insgesamt                          321
Entscheidungsprozess in der EU
             Europa ist erfolgreich

- Frieden unter den MS

- Der gemeinsame europäische Binnenmarkt ist
  erfolgreich

- Wichtige Regelungen, insbesondere z.B im Bereich
  der Menschenrechte, Umweltschutz und Verkehr
  sind in Kraft



- Entwicklung wichtiger gemeinsamer Vorhaben, z. B.
  Galileo
              Galileo Joint Undertaking

Created by the European Union & the European Space
Agency



The tasks:
•Manage the Development Phase
•Prepare for the Deployment Phase
-Find a concessionaire & secure funding
•Develop User Segment Technologies, Services &
Applications
•Integrate EGNOS into Galileo
              Galileo Architecture



                          Global
                           MEO          Local
   Regional
                      Constellation &   Components
Components
                      Ground Control




EGNOS



                SAR

                                             Service
                                             Centres
                             User
                            Segment
Galileo Constellation



             • 30 satellites in
               three Medium Earth
               Orbit MEO planes at
               23,616 km altitude
             • 1 satellite per
               orbital plane is a
               spare
             • Inclination of
               orbital planes 56
               degrees
             • One revolution 14
               hours 4 min
             • Ground track repeat
               10 days
                     Technology Developments

                                 if   iers
                             Ampl
                         s
                   l ite
             a tel
     t   S                                   Atomi
T es                                                 c Cloc
                                                            ks



                             Antennas




                 GALILEO Satellite
                    Galileo Satellite




Dimensions:
        2.7 x 1.2 x 1.1 m3
Overall Spacecraft:
        680 Kg / 1.6 kW class
Launcher Options:
        Ariane, Soyuz
Navigation payload
        115 Kg / 780 W
SAR transponder
        appr. 20 Kg / 100 W
                    GIOVE- A Test-Satellite




GIOVE-A is Europe’s first test satellite placed in a Medium-Earth
Orbit.

The purpose of the GIOVE-A test satellite is to:
    •transmit the Galileo signals from one of the orbits to be used
    by the constellation – received successfully on the 12th
    January 2006.
    •test various critical technologies, including the rubidium
    atomic clock and the signal generator.
    • measure the physical parameters of the orbit and the
    particular environment in which the future constellation is to
    operate.
                                          IOV System
                                         Configuration
                               Galileo
                                  IOV
                                                                3 to 4 SV’s




                                                                                    2
     Galileo.
      Experim.     OSS12
                    OSS12
        Experim.
     receiver                                                                    ULS/TTC
      receiver
        receiver                                                                  Global
      Galileo Sensor                                             3
          Rubidium
         Stations                                               ULS     (collocated ULS/TTC
           Rubidium
     Global clock
             Coverage
              clock                                            Global     at the same sites)

18 to 20 Galileo Sensor Stations
(worldwide



                                     Control Centre (1 site)
           Enabled by Galileo

Intelligent Transport Systems Driven User Services


           Open Service
              Galileo adds Additional Signals


           Safety of Life Service
              Galileo offers Integrity


           Commercial Service
              Authentication & Guarantees


           Public Regulated Service
              Signal Robustness


           Search and Rescue
              Rapid Response & Notification
                          EGNOS offers improved GNSS
                         performance with respect to GPS
       EGNOS Geo-stationary Satellite
      …relays error corrections to users…                              GPS Satellite
                                                                       Constellation




                                             EGNOS position accuracy



                                                     GPS position accuracy




Satellite Uplink
…transmits error
corrections to                                                               Monitor Stations
EGNOS                                                                        …receive GPS data
satellites…                                                                  & send to MCC…




                    Mission Control Centre
                    …processes GPS data to
                      determine errors…
                                      Horizontal Accuracy
                        GPS                            GPS + EGNOS




                                      GPS + EGNOS + GALILEO




Note: single frequency user, error in meters.
             Galileo Application Overview
       Safety of Life              Mass Market                  Professional
•   Aviation                 • Personal communication   •   Oil and Gas
•   Rail                       and navigation           •   Mining
•   Maritime                 • Cars / motorcycles       •   Timing
•   Inland waterways         • Trucks & buses           •   Environment
•   Ambulance                • Light Commercial         •   Fleet Management
•   Police / Fire              Vehicles                 •   Asset Management
•   Search and Rescue        • Personal outdoor         •   Geodesy
•   Personal Protection        recreation               •   Meteorological
•   Traffic surveillance     • Others…                      forecasting
•   Dangerous goods trans.                              •   Land Survey / GIS
•   ADAS                                                •   Precision survey
                                                        •   Precision Agriculture
                                                        •   Fisheries / EEZ
                                                        •   Vehicle control and
  Integrity                                                 robotics
(error-free),                                           •   Construction / Civil
 Standards,                     Low costs,                  Engineering
 Regulation,                  Low power cons.,
 Continuity,                                            •   Space
                                 Small size,
 Availability,                  Friendly use,
  Accuracy                       Best perf.                  High precision,
                                 accordingly                  High accuracy,
                                                              High reliability
                   Transport Applications

                                                                               n,
                                                                          cisio
                                                                        e
• Aviation
                                                                 , Pr
      • En-route
                                                            ri ty
      • Approach for landing                               g
                                                       n te ion
      • Landing                                     : I icat
•   Maritime                                      e
                                                lu ent
      • Off-shore, port                      va uth
      • Inland waterways                   ed , A
•   Railway                             dd tee
                                       a n
      • Train control                 O ara
                                    E
      • Fleet management          IL Gu
•   Vehicle Navigation         AL vice
                              G r
      • Guiding and controlling
      • “Road Tolling”         Se
      • Advance Driver Assistance System (ADAS)
•   Multimodal Transport
          Galileo/EGNOS services for Aviation


Applications:
  En-route
  Terminal Area
  Approach and landing
  Support to Airports Surface Movement Guidance
  Helicopter Emergency Services
ICAO Standards:
 EGNOS compliant with ICAO SARPS
 Galileo ICAO SARPS under
 development
Main added-values:
 Vertical guidance in all European airports.
 Guaranteed and better performance: integrity, accuracy,
continuity and availability.
            Galileo/EGNOS services for Airports

Services:
1) EGNOS will provide APV service (Approach with Vertical
Guidance close to CAT I capabilities).
2) EGNOS and Galileo combined will provide CAT I service.
3) Local augmentation (GBAS) needed for CAT II and
CAT III.

Benefits:
 Increased safety and capacity.
 APV service for runways not equipped with ILS
 Backup to runways equipped with ILS.
 One single GNSS receiver for all phase of flight.
       Galileo/EGNOS services in the Maritime sector


Harbour
  Galileo supports all kinds of approaches and manoeuvre
  Works perfectly in bad weather conditions




Inland waterways
  Safe use of automated vessel navigation and traffic
  control
Offshore navigation
  Increased navigation safety and collision prevention in
  combination with Automatic Identification Systems (AIS)
  and vessel traffic management systems
          Galileo in the Rail Domain

3 different types of applications for Galileo in the
Rail domain with 3 different impacts

   Non-safety related applications
   Freight tracking
   Passenger information
   Fleet management


   Safety related applications
   Train control/ train integrity


    Infrastructure applications
   Track survey
   Track maintenance
        Galileo in the Multi-Modal Domain


              Priority applications




Node/Terminal yard management, including
planning and monitoring of those activities

On-route/Supply chain monitoring and “door-to-
door” delivery
                Galileo’s Economic Impact

•Positive Multiplier Effect


•Innovation through new applications


•Creation of 140,000 new jobs in Europe and much more
on a global scale


•Research & development for present & future
generations


•Contribution to the Lisbon Strategy
                   Addressing the Market


 Huge world wide market for the
Satellite Navigation product and services

 Joint Public and Private effort: the
Galileo PPP

  The Galileo concessionaire (GOC):
   a business partner in the value chain
                                      System integration   Service provider
Signal operator   Component segment        segment            segment

                      Chipset              Product           Value
    GOC                                                      added
                     Antennas            Equipment          services

                        1 B€                ~50 B€             ~30 B€
                           Annual figures for 2015
            GNSS Market forecast

Total GNSS turnover (products + services) by markets (€B)

                                               Survey

                                               Aviation

                                                Others

                                                Emergency
                                                Services
                                                Maritime

                                                Rail
                                                Commercial
                                                vehicles
                                                Mass market
                                                vehicles
                                                Personal
                                                mobility

                                               ITS related
            EC 6th Framework Programme
                      and Galileo

6th Framework Programme:
   5-year period (2002-2006), overall budget € 17.5 billion

Galileo falls under Thematic Priority 1.4 “Aeronautics and
Space” with an overall budget of about 110 million€

The Galileo Work Programme:
  Identifies priorities
     Application, Receiver, Local Element, Standardisation and
     mission implementation


Management of the Galileo 6th FP activities transferred by
the Commission to the Galileo Joint Undertaking:
  Launch the call, evaluate the proposal, negotiate the contract and
  follows the work performed
  Coordination of R&D activities with EC, ESA, National Programmes
       Drivers of the R&D Work Programme


European GNSS implementation (EGNOS and Galileo)
  EGNOS
  Galileo


Characteristics and differentiators with existing GNSS

Development of the User Segment: complementary and
in-line with the infrastructure development (space and
ground segment)

Evolution of GNSS:
  User needs (translated in the Mission Requirement Document)
  Interoperability with other GNSS
  Evolution of technology…


Setting up of the Concession
  Views of the concessionaire
                                  Overall Plan



   2003             2004          2005              2006            2007             2008


          Galileo Research and Development activities
                                                                       EC
preparation   1st   Call activities (18.9 M€)                         7th FP

                    preparation                 2nd Call activities (80.6 M€)

                                                                      3rd Call
                                  preparation
                                                                activities (10 M€)
  calls
                    Conditions




  Three Undertakings from three different countries



  For SME’s

- Two Undertakings from two different countries
- (Level – €300,000)
           Results and Outcomes




GJU has launched 70 projects (including SMEs)
dedicated to the development of the User Segment
for an overall budget of 170 M€ (110M€ financed by
GJU)

More than 360 companies (including a large
number of SME’s) are now involved in the Galileo
R&D activities financed by the GJU

Tendering Rate 33%
          Specific support for SME’s

A specific call for SME (and Research Institutes)
allowed financing 32 projects: 9M€

Clear requirement asking for a minimal participation
of SME’s in each project:
  No requirement in the first call
  7% for the 2nd call (i.e. 5 M€)
  10% for the 3rd call (i.e. 1M€ secured for SMEs)


Out of the 110M€, 15M€ has been ‘secured’ for
SME’s.

The result achieved is much higher 33% of the
Galileo R&D budget has been allocated to SME’s
               Inputs: 7th FP Galileo

For Galileo, 4 activity streams have been identified by
  the EC and the EU Presidency:

  Exploiting the full potential
  Preparing the tools and creating the appropriate
  environment
  Adapting receivers to requirements and upgrading
  core technologies
  Supporting infrastructure evolution

  “Theme 7 – Transport” Work Program is currently
  under draft. It will be presented to Members States
  in Autumn 2006 and published later.
             1. Exploiting the Full Potential


Promoting growth in the use of the services
Research areas

  7.3.1.1    Mass market applications
  7.3.1.2    Professional applications
  7.3.1.3    Scientific Applications
  7.3.1.4    Safety-of-life applications
  7.3.1.5    Timing and Synchronisation applications
  7.3.1.6    Governmental applications
  7.3.1.7    New and innovative applications and
  services
  7.3.1.8    Search and Rescue Applications
  7.3.1.9.   Regulated applications
             2 - Providing tools and creating the
                   appropriate environment



Ensuring safe and secure use of services
Research areas

  7.3.2.1 Tools
  7.3.2.2 Certification and Standardization
          3 - Adapting receivers to requirements and
                 upgrading core technologies


Improving receiver performances:
Research areas

  7.3.3.1 Receivers
  7.3.3.2 Customised user terminal
  7.3.3.3 Local elements
            4 - Supporting infrastructure
                     evolution



Preparing second generation systems:

Research areas

  7.3.4.1   User need and mission evolution
  7.3.4.2   Space and ground segment evolution
  7.3.4.3   International and awareness
          Contribution to the 7th FP




A Call for Ideas has been published on the Galileo
Joint Undertaking website

The GJU in cooperation with the EC, the GSA and the
ESA is currently preparing the detailed Work
Programme and a strategic Roadmap

The 7th FP will be carried out by the GNSS
Supervisory Authority
               Galileo Concession Time Table


October 2003           April 2004 – March 2005           2005-2007
               April 2004-January 2005-                27th June 2005
 Oct. 2003-    Competitive Negotiation Phase           Acceptance of
 Feb. 2004                                             the joint
               December 2004-                          proposal from
               Transport Council Decision              the two
                                                       consortia

   Call for    1st March 2005- May 2005                Contract
               Parallel Negotiations                   Negotiations
  Interest

               Mid-May 2005-                           Head of Terms
               The two consortia expressed their       Draft Contract
               intention to join forces                – Dec. 2006

                                                       Financial Close
               20th June 2005- Delivery of the joint   And signature
               proposal to the Galileo Joint           of the
               Undertaking                             Concession
                                                       Contract
                                                       - 2007
       Main Risk Allocation in the Concession Approach


                                         Design risk
Public Sector                                            Private Sector

                                      Completion risk


                                     Performance risk


                                    Cost overrrun risk


                          Market Risk



                      Third party liability risk


                      Replenishment risk
                  Galileo International
                                       Signed    Draft    Negot.   Talks

Perspective:
                         U.S.A            ☑
                         China            ☑
•World wide markets      Israel           ☑
•Local-Regional          Ukraine          ☑
 Infrastructure          India                     ☑
•Global Standards
                         Morocco                   ☑
•Product Certification
•Financing
                         Norway                             ☑
•Information Centres     Switzerland                        ☑
                         Argentina
                                                            ☑
                         Russia                             ☑
                         S. Korea         ☑

                         Australia, Canada, Brazil,                  ☑
                         Chile, Mexico, Malaysia, Saudi
                         Arabia.
                Cooperation with China

•   Co-operation Agreement EU/CN - 30th October 2003



•   The National Remote Sensing Centre of China (NRSCC)
    became a member of the Galileo Joint Undertaking (GJU) on
    the 9th October 2004



•   The Chinese side committed EUR 200 million to the Galileo
    Programme:
    ..EUR 70 million in the development phase
    .. EUR 130 for the deployment phase
               Official Signing Ceremony




The official signing of the
   Agreement between
        MATIMOP
 & the GJU took place in
      Jerusalem on
the 6th September 2005.
  The signing ceremony
was hosted by the current
  Israeli Prime Minister
     Mr. Ehud Olmert
           GNSS Supervisory Authority (GSA)



  The above GNSS Supervisory Authority was
  established under the Council Regulation (EC) No.
  1321/2004 on the 12th July 2004

It will:

• Act as the owner of the European Satellite
  Navigation Program (Galileo)
• Be the legal counterpart of the Concessionaire

In addition:
The GSA will take over the remaining work from the
  GJU
       Galileo – A Success Story

          Worldwide availability
   Successful International Cooperation
 Clear contribution to European Transport
                   Policy
  The first major European Public Private
            Partnership Progam


 The first commercial service in Satellite
               Navigation
Customer orientated to satisfy the needs of
             the private user
Benefits for current and future generations
  Many thanks for
   your attention


  Bernburg, 27. Oktober 2006
    Mr. Peter Marchlewski
   Galileo Joint Undertaking
      www.galileoju.com
Hans.marchlewski@galileoju.com