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					                                        Republika e Kosovës
                               Republika Kosova-Republic of Kosovo
                                          Qeveria –Vlada-Government

Ministria e Punëve të Brendshme-Ministarstvo Unutrasnih Posolova-Ministry of Internal Affairs.




         National Strategy and Action Plan
        Against Trafficking in Human Beings
                                             2008-2011




                                                         Trafficking in human beings is a crime1
                                                                                                     1
                                                                                                     Page




1
    Moto articulated by members of the working groups during the process of drafting the strategy.
Acknowledgment (Minister)




                            2
                            Page
List of Acronyms



AOGG - Advisory Office on Good Governance
DAAV - Division for Advocacy and Assistance to Victims
DISP - Department/Institute for Social Policy
DLE - Department for Labor and Employment
DSW - Department for Social Welfare
EU - European Union
EC - European Commission
ICMPD - International Centre for Migration Policy Development
ICITAP (US Embassy) - International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program
IMF - International Monetary Fund
KJC - Kosovo Judicial Council
KJI - Kosovo Judicial Institute
KLC - Kosovo Law Centre
KPC - Kosovo Prosecutorial Council

MEST - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology
MLGA - Ministry of Local Government Administration
MoJ - Ministry of Justice
MCYS - Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports
MIA - Ministry of Internal Affairs
MLSW - Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare
MoH - Ministry of Health
NAP - National Action Plan
NATC - National Anti-Trafficking Coordinator
                                                                                         3




NGO - Non-Governmental Organization
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ILO - International Labor Organization
IOM - International Organization for Migration
ODIHR (OSCE) - Organization for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
OPM - Office of Prime Minister
OSCE - Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
PATH- Partnership against Trafficking in Human Beings (CRS, KLC, USAID)
SOP - Standard Operating Procedures
SWC - Social Work Centers
THBS - Trafficking in Human Beings Section
UNDP - United Nations Development Program
UNMIK- United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
WSSI - Women’s Safety and Security Initiative




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Content
I. INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................... 7
   I.1 The need for a National Strategy Against Trafficking in Human Beings .............................................. 7
   I.2 Principles of the National Strategy and Action Plan Against Trafficking in Human Beings ................. 8
       Principle 1. Governmental ownership of the Strategy ......................................................................... 8
       Principle 2. Participation ....................................................................................................................... 8
       Principle 3. Human rights based approach ......................................................................................... 10
       Principle 4. Interdicsiplinary and cross-cutting approach................................................................... 11
       Principle 5. Sustainability ................................................................................................................... 11
   I.3 Factors that enable and hinder Strategy implementation ................................................................ 11
II. SISTUATION ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF EXISTING MECHANISMS ................. Error! Bookmark not
defined.11
   II.1 The social and economic situation of the country ............................................................................ 12
   II.2 Groups vulnerable to trafficking ....................................................................................................... 13
   II.3 Existing institutional mechanisms..................................................................................................... 14
   II.4 Existing legal mechanisms................................................................................................................. 15
       II.4.a International legal documents ................................................................................................... 16
       II.4.b Legal documents regulating different aspects of trafficking in human beings.......................... 17
   II.5 Existing operational mechanisms ..................................................................................................... 17
       II.5.a Standard Operational Procedures (SOP) .................................................................................... 17
III. LEGAL FRAMEWORK –VISION, MISSION AND STRATEGIC GOALS ......................................................... 19
   III.1 Vision................................................................................................................................................ 19
   III.2 Mission ............................................................................................................................................. 19
   III.3 Strategic goals .................................................................................................................................. 19
       III.3.a Prevention of trafficking and re-trafficking............................................................................... 19
       III.3.b Victims and wittnesses protection............................................................................................ 20
       III.3.c Investigation and prosecution of trafficking crimes ................................................................. 21
IV. STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION, MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT ........................................................ 17
                                                                                                                                                                     5
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   IV.1 Role of monitoring system.............................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.20
      IV.2. a Institutional capacities for monitoring and assessment ......... Error! Bookmark not defined.20
      IV.3.b Selection of monitoring and assesment indicators ................. Error! Bookmark not defined.21
      IV.4.c Monitoring and assessment instruments ................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.22
      IV.5.d Dissemination and application of monitoring and assessment results ...... Error! Bookmark not
      defined.22
V.ACTION PLAN .......................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.24
   V.1 Scope-PREVENTION ......................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.24
   V.2 Scope-PROTECTION ......................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.28
   V.3 Scope-PROSECUTION ....................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.34




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I. INTRODUCTION

I.1 The need for a National Strategy Against Trafficking in Human Beings


The drafting of the Strategy and Action Plan Against Trafficking in Human Beings is an
obligation that stems from the priorities determined by the state of Kosovo in fighting all forms
of organized crime. Despite Kosovo’s progress since 1999 in strengthening rule of law, security,
and institutional reform, trafficking in human beings remains a form of organized crime that
continues to pose great danger to society and the state of the Republic of Kosovo.

Tackling and resolving the problem of trafficking in human beings requires special attention. To
this end, the document we have drafted presents the severity of the trafficking problem faced by
our country in one hand and the special attention by the Government and stakeholders in the
other one.

Despite lacking studies and complete data on trafficking, the Strategy, however, has been drawn
upon the wide consensus of all stakeholders on the strategic goals and priority policy measures to
be taken. Their identification has been preceded by a comprehensive assessment made to exiting
policies and measures, provided for in the National Action Plan2. In this document, the
qualitative and quantitative aspects have been clearly determined in the strategic goals and
specific objectives, and have been much more completely supported with institutional and
financial measures and activities, and verifiable through a detailed monitoring and assessment
process3.

The experience and lessons learned by all relevant institutions while implementing the National
Action Plan 2005-2007 have proven to be instrumental in drafting of this Strategy and Action
Plan. According to analysis made, it results that despite the progress in drafting of laws aimed at
preventing and fighting of trafficking in human beings, and achieving on the status of “excellent
progress” for some of the measures and actions provided for in the National Action Plan 2005-
2007, Kosovo still remains a country of origin, transit and destination for trafficking victims. In
addition, some international assessments have identified shortcomings and gapes to be addressed
by this Strategy during the period 2008-20114.




2
  The final Report of the civil society about the Kosovo Action Plan on Fighting the Trafficking in Human Beings, the
Matrix of Activities 2005-2007, drafted by the Partnership against the Trafficking in Human Beings.
                                                                                                                        7



3
  See Chapter IV of this Strategy: “Strategy Implementation, Monitoring and Assessment”.
                                                                                                                        Page




4
  OSCE-UNMIK-ATU- “Assessment on the Improvement of Referral Mechanism for the Trafficking in Human Beings
Victims in Kosovo” October 2007.
I.2 Principles of National Strategy and Action Plan against Trafficking in
Human Beings


Principle 1. Governmental ownership of the Strategy


      The Strategy as a Responsibility of the Government of Kosovo

Aimed at solving the problems of trafficking in human beings, this Strategy is locally owned,
whereby the largest portion of responsibility in the implementation of its strategic goals,
objectives and actions has been vested in the Government of Kosovo institutions. The Kosovo
Government ownership of the present Strategy has been manifested through the process of its
drafting. The Strategy and Action Plan against Trafficking in Human Beings 2008 – 2011 comes
as a result of coordinated efforts of central Government, civil society and our international
partners. Its implementation and monitoring will require the same cooperation.

      Supported Through Internal Resources

The Government ownership of the Strategy is further emphasized by its state budget financial
envelope. The Strategy’s financial implications shall be mainly covered by the state budget,
which will be also related to sector strategies, such as the ones on education, social services,
health, employment, etc.

      Strategy as a Product of Cooperation with International Partners

Reforms and development policies, and the overcoming of difficult political situations by the
country have been strongly supported by our international partners. The Government of Kosovo
is aware that the Strategy implementation will firstly and fore mostly require the mobilization of
human and financial resources aimed at the implementation of the Strategy policies, as well as
the support of our international partners and of specialized international institutions. Therefore,
the Government of Kosovo shall be fully committed for an efficient and effective utilization of
this support.

The Kosovo Government ownership of this Strategy has also been assured through the reliance
on Kosovo institutions and their human resources in the implementation of measures and actions
provided for in the Action Plan.

Principle 2. Participation
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The fight against trafficking in human beings should not be seen only as a responsibility of the
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Ministry of Internal Affairs and of its structures. Therefore the drafting of the Strategy and
Action Plan 2008-2012 has been carried out through a wide participatory system that included
central institutions, civil society (local and international NGOs working in Kosovo) and
international partners. Wide participation of stakeholders is another distinctive feature of this
Strategy; moreover it presents one of the guarantees for its success.

The institutional structure involved in the Strategy drafting is composed of i) National
Coordinator against Trafficking in Human Beings and at the same time representative of the
Ministry of Internal Affairs; Working Groups (prevention, protection and prosecution);
supporting technical group (WSSA-UNDP)

National Anti-Trafficking Coordinator (NATC), who is also Deputy Minister of Internal
Affairs, coordinates and organizes efforts in drafting and implementation of this strategy.5

Working Groups are responsible to elaborate sector problems of the Strategy and to furnish it
with relevant information. Working Groups have been selected in such a manner in order to
represent on as wider basis as possible public institutions and civil society.

Technical Support Group has been assisted through funding by the UNDP – WSSI and IOM.

The role of international partners: One of our international partners – the State Department,
through ICITAP – U.S. Embassy, has continuously assisted the process of drafting the Strategy.
They gave their contribution through important inputs during the drafting of Strategy and in
Working Groups.

This document takes under consideration: (i) recommendation from the EC Progress Report on
Kosovo 2007, (ii) assessments of the OSCE on the legal analysis of trafficking in human beings
– the case of Kosovo from October 2007, as well as (iii) recommendations for establishing
effective mechanisms against trafficking in human beings at the national level, issued by the
ODIHR and implemented by a number of OSCE member states.6

ICMPD has prepared a “Guide for the Development and Implementation of a National
Comprehensive Response against Trafficking”7. This document has helped in drafting of goals
and objectives that are in full compliance with international standards and best practices.

IOM has contributed by organizing and financing workshops on the analyses of the National
Action Plan 2005 – 2007. The recommendations issued through this analysis have aided the
drafting of the National Strategy and Plan 2008-2011.



5
  Based on the Government Decision 029, dated 10/04/2008.
                                                                                                            9



6
  OSCE/ODIHR. National referral mechanisms: Joining Efforts to Protect the Rights of Trafficked Persons.
                                                                                                            Page




7
  The document has been funded by the EU CARDS Program, and accepted by a number of countries included in
this Program.
The Kosovo Anti-Trafficking Coordinator, has acted within the OGG at the OPM, has
coordinated activities according to the National Action Plan 2005-2007 (NAP), and has reported
directly to the Prime Minister on the completion of the said plan.8 The KATC has also monitored
the implementation dynamic of the NAP 2005-2007 and chaired the meetings of the inter-
ministerial working group. This structure ceased to exist once the National Anti-Trafficking
Coordinator was been assigned.

Action Plan in Combating Trafficking in Human beings 2005-2007, received government
approval on May 17th 2005, and established the measures and actions to be taken in against
trafficking in Kosovo for the time period from 2005 to 2007. The plan offered an organizing
structure for coordinating, monitoring, and implementing mechanisms aimed at improving
overall responses in combating trafficking in Kosovo. In March 2008 an inter-institutional group
was formed to analyze this action plan and identify its weaknesses and gaps, to be addresses by
the current National Strategy and Action Plan Against Trafficking in Human Beings 2008 –
2011.

The Role of Domestic Partners and Non-Governmental Organizations has consisted of
active participation in the process of drafting the Strategy. At the same time, domestic partners
and NGOs will be engaged as carriers of actions and partners of state organizations in the
drafting if policies, implementation of research and analysis in area of combating trafficking in
human beings, as well as in providing services to victims.

A number of donors have already shown their interest to fund activities related to Action Plan
2008-2011.

Principle 3. Human Rights Based Approach


This Strategy employs human rights based approach, namely it promotes and protects the human
rights, and specifically it protects the rights of women and children trafficking victims. While
drafting this Strategy, the participants were informed on the rights that are violated while
engaging n trafficking in human beings, such as:

       The right on freedom and security;
       The right not to be held in slavery;
       The right for humane and respectful treatment;
       Freedom of movement and the right to select a residence;
       The right not to be tortured, the right to life, health, and education.
                                                                                                                  10
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8
 OSCE – “Assessment on the establishment of a referral mechanism for victim’s of trafficking in human beings in
Kosovo – October 2007.”
This is the reason why the approach towards the victim is focused in the protection of his/her
rights in the sense of obtaining necessary information, physical and legal protection, material
assistance and compensation aiming at enabling their sustainable integration.

Another specific approach employed by this Strategy is the protection of children’s rights. The
specific situation of children has been taken into account in all actions provided for in the Action
Plan. Prevention of trafficking of children and their protection from being victimized has been
considered as one of the main challenges of this Strategy.

Principle 4. Interdisciplinary and cross-cutting approach


The Strategy and Action Plan Against Trafficking in Human Beings is a sector Strategy
based on the priorities of the Government in the fight against organized crime and increasing the
level of security in the country. At the same time, this document aims to coordinate actions in
other public services sectors, such as: education, health, employment services, social services,
intelligence services, and even the independent sectors, such as the prosecution and courts.
Interrelation and coordination of cross-cutting efforts is empowered by the fact that this Strategy
aims at establishing and effective information system, whereby every sector shall be instrumental
in identification of perpetrators and in identification of victims and support offered.

Principle 5. Sustainability


The Strategy has been conceptualized as a platform of goals and objectives conducive to the
active participation of all stakeholders involved in its implementation. The Government, as the
key responsible authority, but also other stakeholders shall continuously monitor the Strategy
implementation. Based on the monitoring activities, the Government will pay attention to adapt
on annual basis the objectives and actions to the current situation.

In order to have an feasible Strategy, special attention was put on setting clear goals and
objectives, well defined and feasible, supported mainly by current material, financial and human
recourses of Kosovo.

I.3 Factors that enable and hinder Strategy implementation


       Some of the factors that enable the implementation of the Strategy
      The new political status of Kosovo as a state;
      Positive steps taken towards institutional reforms and stabilization of political
                                                                                                       11



       environment
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     Wide and continuous participation of stakeholders in Strategy drafting, implementation
      and monitoring;
     Support by the international partners.

      Some of the factors that hinder and threaten the implementation of the Strategy

     Institutional weaknesses, specifically in the public administration capacities and in other
      structures of the Police, intelligence service, law enforcement, prosecution and courts.
     Threats related to regional security and relations with Serbia;
     Lack of cooperation with the local government and decentralization shortcomings.




II. SITUATION ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF EXISTING MECHANISMS

II.1 SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SITUATION OF THE COUNTRY
                                                                                                    12
                                                                                                    Page
Kosovo with an area of 10.887 km2 and a population of about 2.1 million residents is situated in
the central part of Balkans Peninsula.9

Changes that happened in the Balkans region after 1990s as a consequence of tensions and armed
conflicts in former Yugoslavia have brought great changes not only in the Region’s political map
but also in the social and economic situation of the countries. Kosovo, with its central position in
the Balkans Peninsula, with economic and human resources and prosperous relations with
surrounding countries, enables economic and social development by preserving multi-ethnic
structure, as well as aims for Euro-Atlantic economic and social integration.

Nevertheless, Kosovo faces today great economic and social challenges. Kosovo is one of the
economically poorest countries in Europe, with an average annual per capita income of $1800. The
unemployment rate is very high (42% based on the MLSW figures); this comes as a result of a relatively
long period of under investment, demographic structure and conflict impacts. Kosovo is characterized
with a young population, whereby about 50% is under the age of 24 and only 8% of its
population is over the age of 64.

These low socio-economic indicators illustrate country’s developmental contradictions that have
generated not only social and economic problems but also problems tying with the organized
crime, especially with the trafficking in human beings. Kosovo is currently considered as a place
of origin, destination and transiting of trafficking in human beings.

II.2 Vulnerable groups to trafficking


Human beings trafficking are part of the organized crime. This crime involves individuals that
play different roles within the territory of a country or different countries. Trafficked victims
usually move illegally between the borders but can be trafficked within the country as well. The
crime of trafficking in human beings is divided into different categories depending on aims for
which victims are exploited. Depending on the type of trafficking it is concluded that vulnerable
groups in trafficking are children and adults.10 Victims, both children and adults, are forced to
migrate as a result of high levels of poverty in their home countries, attracted by promise of a
better life and legal employment elsewhere. Although, the majority of recently identified victims
in Kosovo have been trafficked within the country, most of them have been bought and sold
several times for the purposes of sexual abuse, and 100% of them are women and minor girls11.
                                                                                                         13



9
  Kosovo socio-economic profile and its development challenges (RIINVEST, 2005)
                                                                                                         Page




10
   Presentation of tier placement. ICITAP-US Embassy, Prishtina, July 13th 2008.
11
   Semi-annual report of the THCIS DKKO and regions for the 6 months period January – June 2008.
II.3 Existing institutional mechanisms
There are several responsible institutions at the level of drafting and implementing state policies
against the trafficking in human beings. Ministry of Internal Affairs, which through the THCIS
works on prevention of crime and trafficking offences, protection of trafficked victims and
prosecution of crime perpetrators as well as presentation of facts at the court. Ministry of
Justice, which through the Division for Advocacy and Assistance to Victims (DAAV), provides
legal assistance and shelter for trafficked victims. The Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare,
which through existing professional institutions, such as the Department of Social Welfare,
Department of Labor and Employment, Department/Institute for Social Policy, and Welfare
Centers, implements policies and offers services for the protection and long-term integration of
victims of trafficking. The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, plays an
exceptionally important role in field of prevention through education, educational curricula, a
cross-cutting curricular approach, and other extra-curricular activities. The Ministry of Culture,
Youth and Sport, through its Trafficking Prevention Program offers trainings and awareness-
raising activities for NGOs and informal groups in the field of prevention.

National Anti-Trafficking Coordinator (NATC) is a newly established structure. Based on the
decision of the Prime Minister, Nr. 029, dated April 10th 2008, Deputy Minister of Internal
Affairs Mr. Fatmir Xhelili has been named as the NATC. The mandate of the NATC is to
coordinate, manage, monitor, and report on the implementation of policies combating trafficking
in human beings, as well as to chair meetings of the inter-ministerial working groups.

The Inter-Ministerial Working Group is a group of representatives from central institutions,
whose mandate is to coordinate policy implementation, and monitor and report on achievements.

Prosecutors’ Offices and Courts are institutions responsible for the legal prosecution of
traffickers, appropriate sentencing of crimes, ensuring anti-discriminatory treatment of victims
before and after trials, and the confiscation of property and assets gained through the criminal act
of trafficking. These institutions guarantee the application of legally binding compensation for
victims of trafficking.

Ministerial and Municipal Units for Human Rights implement policies for the promotion and
respect of human rights at the central and local level.

Within an institutional framework an important role was played by international partner
institutions and local non-governmental organization.
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                                                                                                       Page
                     Organizational Structure of Coordinating, Monitoring and Implementing Mechanisms Against Trafficking
                                                           in Human Beings in Kosovo



                           Advisory Body:                     National Coordinator                   Secretariat
                                                            Deputy Minister of Internal
                           Domestic NGOs                                Affairs
                           International
                           NGOs


                                                            Inter-Ministerial Working Group

                                                        National Coordinator (MIA)

                                                        Ministry of Education, Science, and
Stretegic Level




                                                        Technology

                                                        Ministry of Justice

                                                        Ministry of Culture, Youth, Sport, and
                                                        Non-Residential Affairs

                                                        Ministry of Labor and Socal Welfare

                                                        Ministry of Health

                                                        Representatives of NGOs

                                                        Members who are invited from time to
                                                        time according to issues issues beinsg
                                                        discussed.
                                                                              Prosecution:       Protection of
                                                                                                 children
                                                                              MIA – Kosovo
                            Prevention:           Protection:
                                                                              Police             All actors
                            OPM - AGE-            Ministry of Labor                              involved in
                                                                              Prosecutors        implementation
                                                  and Social Welfare
                            OGG
                                                                              Judges
                                                  Ministry of Health
 Operational level




                                                                              All actors
                                                  Ministry of Public
                            Ministry of                                       involved in
                                                  Services
                                                                              implementation
                        II.4Education Legal Mechanisms
                             Existing
                                              All actors involved
                                                                                                                            15



                            Ministry of       in implementation
                            Culture
                                                                                                                            Page




                            NGOs
Based on current legislation in power12, trafficking in human beings is defined as recruitment,
transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or
other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of
vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person
having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. The legal basis of domestic
legislation is supported by a series of international conventions and documents.



II.4.a International legal documents


A number of international documents and conventions13 represent the legal basis for drafting an
adequate legislation against trafficking in human beings and the defense of human rights in
Kosovo.

     1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights – ratified by the Assembly of Kosovo.
     2. European Convention and its Protocols for the Defense of Human Rights and Freedom of
         Movement – ratified by the Assembly of Kosovo.
     3. Council of Europe Convention framework for the Protection of National Minorities.
     4. Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination.
     5. Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination against Women
         (CEDAW, 03/09/1981).
     6. UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 02/09/1990
     7. EC Convention on the Exercise of the Rights of the Child, 25/01/1996.
     8. Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or
         Punishment.14
     9. UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Human Beings, UN
         Resolution A/PEC/55/ 25 of 15/11/2000 (Palermo Protocol).
     10. UN Convention against Trans-national Organized Crime, UN Resolution A/PEC/55 of
         15/11/2000, effective from 29/09/2003.
     11. Recommending Principles and Directive on Human Rights and Trafficking in Human
         Beings from the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights (UNHCHR), Chapter 9.
     12. ILO Convention 182/2000 on Banning and Immediate Action for the Elimination of
         Serious Forms of Child Labor.
     13. European Convention for Compensation of Victims of Violent Crimes.
     14. Convention on Child Abduction 2004-2009.
     15. UN Security Council Resolution 1325 “Women, Peace, and Security,” 30/10/2000.
     16. OSCE Action Plan for Combating Trafficking with Human Beings PC.DEC/557

12
   Provisional Kosovo Criminal Code, article 139.
                                                                                                                    16



13
   Have been extracted from the preparatory work made in March 2008, Lessons Learned from the Plan 2005-
2007.
                                                                                                                    Page




14
   International conventions have not been ratified by the Kosovo Assemble specifically but they enter into power
according to the Constitution of Kosovo, Article 22, page 6.
II.4.b Legal documents regulating different aspects of trafficking in human beings


1. Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo approved by the Assembly of Kosovo 15/06/2008.
2. UNMIK Regulation 2000/64 on International Prosecutors and Judges and their replacement
    dated 15/12/2000. Amended with regulations 2001; 2005/34; 2006/50; 2007/60; 21.
3. UNMIK Regulation 2001/4 Section 10 on the Ban of Trafficking in Human Beingg
    12/01/2001.
4. UNMIK Regulation 2001/27, on Basic Labor Law in Kosovo dated 08/10/2001.
5. UNMIK Regulation 2003/4, on Law on Labor Inspectorate dated 21/02/2003. Amended by
    UNMIK regulation 2008/34, dated 14/06/2008.
6. UNMIK Regulation 2003/39, dated 17/12/2-003, on Law on Sanitary Inspectorate.
7. Administrative Order No. 2005/03 for the implementation of UNMIK Regulation 2001/04,
    dated 11/02/2005, for the appointment of the Assistance Coordinator to Victims, Department
    of Justice.
8. Provisional Criminal Code 2003/05, as amended by UNMIK Regulation No. 2004/16, dated
    16/06/2004.
9. Criminal Procedure Code promulgated through UNMIK Regulation No. 2003/26, dated
    06/07/2003.
10. Law on Family 2004/32, promulgated through UNMIK Regulation 2006/7, dated
    16/02/2006.
11. Law on Social and Family Services, Nr. 02/L-17, promulgated on 21/04/2005.
12. Law on the Social Benefits Scheme, Nr. 2003/L-15, promulgated on 11/07/2003.
13. Law on Social Protection, part of applicable laws in Kosovo, promulgated in 1974.
14. Law on Marriage and Family Relations, part of applicable laws in Kosovo, promulgated in
    1981.


This legislative framework remains challenged because of its ineffective implementation,
partially because of the lack of understanding the law by the side of prosecutors and judges and
partially because of the lack of knowledge of documents that can be used during the
investigation and prosecution of these offences. Difficulties consist of several aspects; firstly
there is no clear differentiation between the Law against Trafficking in Human Beings and other
Laws; secondly, the sentencing of law offenders, which are often minimal; and thirdly; the lack
of legislation and mechanisms for protection of witnesses and victims.



II.5 Existing Operational Mechanisms
II.5.a Standard Operational Procedures (SOP)
                                                                                                    17




Standard Operational Procedures (SOP), for foreign and domestic victims were adopted by
                                                                                                    Page




members of Direct Assistance Group. Based on these SOPs, actors included in combating
trafficking in human beings have made an agreement which defines relevant roles and
responsibilities for an improved cooperation and coordination of actions.

The SOP agreement for domestic victims was signed in 2006 and includes the THBS, the
Ministry of Justice division for the assistance and protection of victims, IOM, OSCE, MLSW,
and two NGOs that offers shelter services. The SOP agreement for foreign victims was signed in
2004. A new version of the latter has been revised and prepared, and is in the process of being
signed by all the above mentioned partners, including the border police as a new partner.

Three-day trainings have been held in all regions of Kosovo, with the participation of all
governmental and non-governmental partners, providing information on the contents and
practical implementation of the SOP, including the empowerment of inter-institutional
cooperation.

With support of international partners a System of National Referral Mechanisms (NRM) to
improve protection and referral system for victims of trafficking has been put in place.

Establishing NRM and TRM through a cooperation framework, participating states fulfill their
obligations to protect and support human rights of trafficking victims in cooperation and in
strategic partnership with civil society and other stakeholders working in this field15.




                                                                                                              18



15
  ODIHR Manual on guidelines and principles drafted and implemented by NRM could serve as an important
                                                                                                              Page




source for advising and information about the role that NRMs have in providing assistance and protection to
victims.
III. STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK-VISION, MISSION AND STRATEGIC GOALS


III.1 Vision
The vision of this Strategy is “coordination of fight against trafficking in human beings in order
to build a society that lives in peace and without being threatened from trafficking and organized
crime, thus creating an image of Kosovo as a peaceful country with high security standards”.

III.2 Mission
The mission of this Strategy is to determine strategic priorities of the fight against trafficking in
human beings, define specific objectives of institutions that take responsibilities in the fight
against trafficking, as well as to harmonize inter-institutional actions to achieve the set
objectives. Mission of this Strategy is also to ensure the enhancement of the quality of services by
reducing the damage that trafficking causes to society and to intensify investigation, prosecution
and conviction of offenders of the law.

III.3 Strategic goals
Strategic goals are established to provide adequate response to the issue of trafficking in human
beings that need to be addressed in the future, through new legal and institutional methods.

Based on the regional model format of ICMPD, the Strategy and Action Plan addresses Kosovo
needs in three major fields:

   1.   Prevention of trafficking and re-trafficking
   2.   Protection of victims and witnesses
   3.   Investigation and prosecution of trafficking crimes
   4.   Protection of children



III.3.a Prevention of trafficking and re-trafficking


Strategic goal 1- Increasing public awareness on anti-trafficking issues

       Specific Objective 1- Increase awareness of vulnerable groups (women, children and
        young people) on trafficking issues, with special focus on those living in rural areas
       Specific Objective 2 – Increase awareness of parents on the possibilities of childrens’
        exposure to trafficking.
       Specific Objective 3 – Increase broader public awareness, including men/users of
                                                                                                        19



        services, on the legal sanctions for trafficking in human beings.
                                                                                                        Page
      Specific Objective 4 - Develop and advance capacities of state institutions and NGOs to
       prevent trafficking in human beings.


Strategic goal 2 – To improve efficiency in the educational system at all levels in order to
prevent trafficking.

          Specific Objective 1- To ensure equal and safe access to education system without
           any discrimination.
          Specific Objective 2 – Include the subjects of anti-trafficking in curricula in all levels
           of pre-university education.
          Specific Objective 3- Improve opportunities for inclusion of vulnerable groups into
           informal education l

Strategic goal 3- To promote and implement children rights as a precondition to reduce the
risk of their trafficking.

          Specific Objective 1- Strengthen existing institutional mechanisms and establish
           specific mechanisms for protection of children rights.
          Specific Objective 2 – Prevent children employment as a premise that incites their
           trafficking.


III.3.b Victims and Witnesses Protection

Strategic goal 1- To identify and refer children and young people who are victims of
trafficking

      Specific Objective 1 – To advance existing procedures of identification and referral, and
       include Transnational Referral Mechanisms (TRM) for victims of trafficking, children
       and adults.
      Specific Objective 2 – Increase institutional capacities for identification of victims of
       trafficking according to Standard Operational Procedures (SOP).
      Specific Objective 3 – Establish unified information systems about the victims of
       trafficking

Strategic goal 2 – To provide and coordinate efficient services to children and young people
who are victims of trafficking

          Specific Objective 1 – Enhance the legal framework.
          Specific Objective 2 – Strengthen institutional mechanisms and increase institutional
                                                                                                        20



           capacities
          Specific Objective 3- Ensure sustainable services to victims of trafficking by
                                                                                                        Page




           cooperating with relevant service providers.
Strategic goal 3- To achieve long term reintegration of children and young people victims of
trafficking

             Specific Objective 1 - Promote long term reintegration services for victims of trafficking
             Specific Objective 2 – Coordinate repatriation services
             Specific Objective 3 – Coordinate services for relocation to third countries of victims of
              trafficking in the capacity of protected witnesses.


III.3.c Investigation and Prosecution of Trafficking Crimes

Strategic goal 1- To improve proactive and reactive investigation techniques in order to
improve the efficiency in combating trafficking in human beings within an organized crime
framework

      Specific Objective 1- Enhance legal framework.
      Specific Objective 2 – Increase institutional capacities (police, prosecution and courts) in
       using proactive and reactive investigation techniques.
      Specific Objective 3 – Achieve an efficient coordination and strengthen cooperation
       between police, prosecution, courts, customs structures, and tax administration.
      Specific Objective 4 - Achieve collection of intelligence about the networks and
       organizations in order to provide a more complete overview on trafficking activities.


Strategic goal 2 – To strengthen cooperation with other states and international
organizations in the implementation of international law to combat trafficking in human
beings within the fight against organized crime

             Specific Objective 1- Ensure implementation of relevant legal instruments for joint
              investigations with other countries and organizations such as INTERPOL/
              EUROPOL/ SECI
             Specific Objective 2 – Strengthen and develop information exchange with other
              countries
             Specific Objective 3 - Improve returns and extradition procedures according to
              international procedures

Strategic goal 3 - To increase efficiency of prosecutors’ offices and courts in prosecuting
and convicting perpetrators of crimes.

             Specific Objective 1- Develop institutional capacities of prosecution and courts in
                                                                                                           21



              investigating and convicting perpetrators of such crimes.
                                                                                                           Page
          Specific Objective 2 – Draft/ implement policies for adequate conviction in line with
           the gravity of the crime of trafficking in human beings or any crime related to
           trafficking.

Strategic goal 4 - To ensure the confiscation of property of perpetrators as well as
compensation of victims of trafficking


          Specific Objective 1- Achieve firm implementation of procedures for confiscation of
           property and assets of those who commit trafficking crimes.
          Specific Objective 2 - Achieve firm implementation of procedures for compensating
           the victims of trafficking.

Strategic goal 5- To ensure adequate and non-discriminatory treatment of victims by the
police, prosecutors’ offices and courts

          Specific Objective 1 – Enhance procedures for treatment of victims at the police,
           prosecutor’s offices and courts, in accordance with domestic laws and international
           standards.
          Specific Objective 2- Facilitate a nondiscriminatory approach in compliance with the
           human rights of all actors involved in the field of trafficking in human beings.




                                                                                                   22
                                                                                                   Page
IV. STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION, MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT


IV.1 The Role of the Monitoring System


Strategy implementation process shall be a process to achieve its targets and objectives.
Objective implementation monitoring and assessment and the efficiency of relevant activities are
integral part of the Strategy and key component of the implementation process. Monitoring and
assessment shall serve to follow up the development of Strategy, to measure the implementation
rate of its objectives, to assess the need and to determine regulation directions, particularly in
relation to activities. Monitoring shall be implemented by relevant institutions with broad
participation of all relevant stakeholders.

Monitoring and assessment is accompanied with the improvement and strengthening of
institutional capacities. This requirement is stressed by the fragility of institutions and their lack
of capacities, particularly: i) insufficiency of administrative information, and in some cases their
inaccuracy, which express a relatively low level of development of a unified information and
statistical system in Kosovo; ii) lack of responsible units for monitoring and assessment within
institutions; iii) inadequacy or lack of thorough assessments/studies and wit standardized
methodology on trafficking issues.

Main dimensions of Strategy Monitoring and Assessment are:

       a.   Institutional capacities
       b.   Monitoring indicators during and by the end of three year period
       c.   Information resources and measuring instruments
       d.   Dissemination and utilization of monitoring and assessment results

IV.2. a Institutional Capacities for Monitoring and Assessment


Monitoring and assessment system shall cover all relevant and responsible institutions for the
implementation of objectives set by the Strategy and Action Plan.
                                                                                                         23
                                                                                                         Page
             Ministry of Internal Affairs as key responsible institution for implementation of
              objectives shall establish a strategy monitoring and assessment unit under the
              National Anti-Trafficking Coordinator. This Unit shall monitor the most
              important indicators in combating trafficking in human beings. At the end of each
              year, the Office of the National Anti-Trafficking Coordinator and the inter-
              ministerial working group should prepare a progress report about the objective
              implementation level.

             Liaison ministries (MoJ, MLSW, MA, MoH) shall be responsible for monitoring
              and assessment of activities for which these ministries are responsible or their
              subordinate institutions, including the prosecutors’ offices and courts. These
              institutions will periodically report to the NATC in ensuring cohesive reporting.

             Non-Government Organization shall participate in Strategy monitoring and
              assessment in joint roundtables that shall be organized by the National Anti-
              trafficking Coordinator. Civil society shall present observation reports in these
              roundtables in regard to anti-trafficking projects and programs that they have
              implemented.

IV.3.b Selection of Monitoring and Assessment Indicators


   Final indicators (e.g. are measuring indicators of strategic goals)

       1. Number of relevant laws and regulations that have entered into force following the
           adoption of Strategy
       2. Established structures (NATC, Inter-Ministerial Working group, Coordinators)
       3. Establishment of a database
       4. Number of signed bilateral and multilateral agreements
       5. Strategy monitoring and assessment reports
       6. The percentage of population that is aware about the trafficking in human beings
       7. Number of curricula and textbooks that address the issue of trafficking in human
           beings
       8. Number of projects and programs on the protection of children’s rights
       9. Number of identified victims of trafficking (how many of them are children)
       10. Number of prevented cases of trafficking (how many of them are children)
       11. The percentage of victims trafficked more than once
       12. Number of victims of trafficking who were provided adequate services (shelter,
                                                                                                  24



           employment, education, legal protection, compensation, etc)
                                                                                                  Page
       13. Average number of conviction years for perpetrators the crime of trafficking in
           human beings
       14. Number of cases dealt with by the police / prosecution/ court

    Intermediate indicators

See indicators of monitoring activities in Anti-trafficking Action Plan

IV.4.c Monitoring and Assessment Instruments


       1. Standardized system of data collection and processing
       2. Administrative/statistical data of MIA (Police), MoJ, MLSW, MoH, ME,
          Prosecution, Courts
       3. National /international referral mechanisms
       4. Surveys and observations of population on the level of awareness about the anti-
          trafficking


IV.5.d Distribution and Use of Monitoring and Assessment Results


Monitoring and assessment results shall be distributed to in order to promote the progress in the
fight against trafficking in human beings, respectively in achieving strategic goals and specific
objectives. Once the progress reports are drafted based on data and observations they will be
shared among users, which include:

       1.   Central and local state institutions
       2.   Civil society
       3.   International partners
       4.   Media
       5.   General public

The main responsible entities for the distribution of results shall be: (i) National Anti-trafficking
Coordinator, (ii) Inter-Ministerial Working Group. Publication of results shall also be done
through the media or by organizing seminars and roundtable discussions to draw conclusions in
regard to the Strategy course, involving the civil society in particular.
                                                                                                        25
                                                                                                        Page
           V. ACTION PLAN


           V.1 Scope -PREVENTION
    Strategic goal    Specific Objectives              Activities            Responsible     Time      Budget in           Monitoring indicators
                                                                                  and        frame      Euros
                                                                              supporting
                                                                              institutions
1                    SO1                     1. Surveys and qualitative     NATC                     20.000-50.000       Research report
                     Increase awareness of   research to assess the level   NGOs
To increase          vulnerable groups       of public awareness.           Specialized
public awareness                                                            Institutions
                     (women, children and
on issues of                                                                Partners
                     young people) on                                       NGOs
trafficking          trafficking issues,
                     with special focus on
                     those living in rural
                     areas.                  2. Organization of media       NATC                     10.000-30.000       Number of media programs
                                             campaigns at the local level   Media                                        Number of media included
                                             (TV, radio, newspapers).       MCYS                                         Territorial coverage
                                             3. Organization of awareness   NATC                     70.000-150.000      Number of organized
                                             campaigns in rural areas       MCYS                                          campaigns
                                             (debates, roundtables,         Local                                        Organized roundtables
                                             lectures, information          Government                                   Number of information
                                             materials) for vulnerable      NGOs                                          materials
                                             groups.                        Partners                                     Number of lectures held and
                                                                            Schools                                       participants
                                                                            OGG
                                                                                                                         Territorial coverage

                                             4. Increasing capacities,      MCYS                     15.000-30.000       Number of conducted trainings
                                             through training, of youth     Local                                        Number of trained persons
                                             centers and youth              Government                                   Territorial coverage
                          organizations in rural areas   Partners                                     Vulnerable groups included
                          for organizing awareness       NGOs
                          activities.
                          5. Increasing capacities,      OPM-OGG                   20.000-45.000      Number of conducted trainings
                          through training, of human     IKAP                                         Number of trained persons
                          rights units in the local      MLGA                                         Territorial coverage
                          government.                    Municipalities
                                                         Partners
                                                         NGOs
SO2                       1. Direct communication        MEST            2008-11                      Number of parents who are
Increase awareness of     with parents in meetings at    Municipal                                     made aware
parents on the            schools.                       Directorates of
                                                         Education
possibilities for their
                                                         Schools
children to be                                           NGOs
exposed to                2. Training teachers and       MEST            2008-11   15.000-30.000      Number of conducted trainings
trafficking.              parents to identify children   IKAP                                         Number of parents and
                          with psychosocial problems     Partners                                      teachers that participate
                          as prerequisite to prevent     NGOs                                         Number of prepared modules
                          them from becoming                                                          Number of schools included
                          vulnerable to trafficking.

                          3. Use of manual on early      MEST            2008-11   30.000 –           Number of schools in which
                          identification of              Schools                   55.000              the manual is distributed and
                          psychosocial problems          Municipal                                     used
                          among children. Their          Directorates of                              Number of teachers trained to
                          dissemination in schools and   Education                                     use the manual
                          preparation of ToT.            Partners                                     Number of prepared trainers
                                                         NGOs                                         Number of health institutions
                                                                                                       that have received and use the
                                                                                                       manual
                                                                                                      Number of health workers who
                                                                                                       attain the skills
SO3                       1. Organization of             NAC            2008-11    35.000-55.000      Number of organized
                     Increase awareness of    awareness campaigns             MoJ (Kosovo                                    campaigns
                     broader public           (debates, roundtables,          Prosecutor’s                                  Published and used brochures
                     (men/users of services   lectures, information           Office)                                        and material
                     of victim’s of
                                              material, media) on legal       Special                                       Territorial spreading
                                              sanctions in this field.        Prosecutor’s
                     trafficking) about the                                   Office
                     legal sanctions for                                      MIA (Police)
                     trafficking in human                                     Partners
                     beings
                     OS4                      1. Training senior officials    MIA             2008-11                       Number of trained officials
                     Develop and advance      of central and local            Partners
                     capacities of state      institutions on the issue of    NGOs
                                              trafficking.
                     institutions, and
                                              2. Establishing a               NATC            2008-09     5.000-10.000      Created website
                     NGOs, to prevent         communication network           MTI                                           Number of partners included
                     trafficking in human     (media, website, regular        Inter-                                         in the network
                     beings.                  inter-institutional meetings,   Ministerial
                                              communication with the          Groups
                                              business community).            MIA
                                                                              Municipal
                                                                              Inspectorates
                                                                              MoH
2                    SO1                      1. Research on the problem      MEST            October –                     Questionnaire drafted
To improve the       Ensure equal and safe    of school drop-out                              November                      Results
efficiency of the    access and without                                                       2008
educational          any discrimination to    2. Draft a MEST Strategy        MEST            December    7.000             Strategy completed
                                              for preventing and reacting     Partners        2008 –
system at all        educational system
                                              to school drop-out                              February
levels in order to                                                                            2009
prevent                                       3. Monitoring and reporting     MEST            2008-11                       Number of reports
trafficking                                   on the implementation of        NATC                                          Number of statistical
                                              policies to prevent school                                                     indicators identified
                                              drop-out.
                                              4. Monitoring and reporting     MEST            2008 - 11                     Number of reports
                                              on the implementation of        NAC
                          inter-institutional                                                            Number of statistical
                          agreements for safety at                                                        indicators identified
                          schools and asocial
                          behavior.
                          5. Monitoring and reporting     MEST           2008-11                         Number of reports
                          on the enforcement of the       NATC                                           Number of statistical
                          law for the provision of free                                                   indicators identified
                          textbooks for primary
                          education
                          6. Monitoring and reporting     MEST           2008-11                         Number of reports
                          on the inclusion of children    NATC                                           Number of statistical
                          with special needs in                                                           indicators identified
                          education.
                          7. Monitoring and reporting     MEST           2008-11                         Number of reports
                          on the inclusion of ethnic      NATC                                           Number of statistical
                          minorities in education.                                                        indicators identified
S O 2 Include the         1.Training of teachers who      MEST           May 2008   36.410               Number of organized trainings
subjects of anti-         shall be implementing the       Partners       – May                           Number of participants in
trafficking in            “Skills for life” course        Schools        2009                             trainings
curricula in all levels                                                                                  Number of schools included
of pre-university         2. Continuation of programs     MEST            2009-10   30.000               Number of distributed texts
education.
                          for training teachers in        Municipal                                      Number of teachers trained
                          applying a cross-cutting        Directorates of                                Number of schools included
                          curricular approach for         Education
                          prevention of trafficking in    Schools
                          human beings in all school at   Partners
                          the middle level.               NGOs
SO3                       1. Organization of training     MEST            2008-11   Budget is            Number of organized courses
Improve opportunities     course for professional         MLSW                      provided by the      Number of prepared modules
for inclusion of          development of vulnerable       NGOs                      organizations        Number of participants in
                          groups.                         ILO                                             courses
vulnerable groups in
informal education
                                                          APPK                                           Territorial spreading
                          2.Organization of training      MEST            2008-11   78,195               Number of participants in
                          courses against illiteracy      Partners                                        courses
                                                                              NGOs                                         Number of organized courses
                                                                              UNICEF                                       Territorial reach
                                              3.Make financial provisions     MEST             2008                        Number of trafficking victims
                                              for inclusion of victims of                                                   that have obtained professional
                                              trafficking in professional                                                   development
                                              development
3.                   SO1                      1. Providing training for       OPM-OGG          2008-11                     Number of trained officials
To promote and       Strengthen existing      officers of children rights     Local                                        Territorial reach
implement the        institutional            protection committees.          Government                                   Number of prepared modules
                                                                              Human Rights
rights of children   mechanisms and
                                                                              Units
as a precondition    establish specific                                       IKAP
for reducing         mechanisms for                                           MLGA
their risk of        protection of children                                   Partners
being trafficking.   rights                                                   NGOsd
                                              2.Develop local action plans    Municipalities   2008-11   6.000-16.000      Number of municipalities
                                              for the protection of           MLGA                                          included
                                              children’s rights               Partners                                     Number pf drafted plans
                                                                              NGOs
                     SO2                      1. Training of                  MLSW             2008-11   50.000            Number of trained inspectors
                     Prevent child labor as   labor/sanitary/health           Partners                                     Number of children removed
                     a premise that incites   inspectors for identification   NGOs                                          from hard labor
                                              of hard forms of child labor
                     their trafficking.
                                              2. Awareness campaign           MLSW             2008-11   60.000            Number of conducted
                                              against children’s              Partners                                      campaigns
                                              exploitation and begging.       NGOs
         V.2 Scope - PROTECTION
Strategic targets    Specific objectives              Activities             Responsible     Timefram      Budget in       Monitoring indicators
                                                                                  and           e           Euros
                                                                              supporting
                                                                              institutions
1.                  SO1                      1. Organization of             NATC                                          Number of conducted
To identify and     Advance existing         workshops to review            MLSW             2008        1.000             workshops
refer children      procedures of            existing identification and    MoJ                                           Finalized Standard
                                             referral procedures.           MIA                                            Operational Procedures
and young people    identification and
                                                                            MoH
who are victims     referral, and include                                   Partners
of trafficking.     Transnational                                           NGOs
                    Referral Mechanisms                                     International
                    (TRM) for victims of                                    organizations
                    trafficking, children
                    and adults.              2. Formalization of Standard   Government       October                      Formalized standard
                                             Operational Procedures         NATC             2008                          procedures
                                                                            NGOs
                                                                            International
                                                                            organizations

                    SO2                      1. Organization of             NATC             January -   3000             Number of institutions
                                             information sessions.          Partners         June 2009                     informed of the standard
                    Increase institutional                                  NGOs                                           operational procedures
                    capacities for                                                                                        Improved implementation
                    identification of                                                                                      of the SOP
                    victims of trafficking
                    according to Standard    2. Organization of training    NATC             2008-11     10.000           Number of trained
                                             sessions with specific         Partners                                       specialists
                    Operational
                                             operators                      NGOs
                    Procedures (SOP)

                    SO3                      1. Establishment of a          NATC             2008        Donors           Established database
                                             database in the Office of      Partners
                                             National Coordinator           NGOs
                     Establish unified     2. Signing of an MoU            NATC          2008                            Agreement between actors
                     information systems   between MoJ, MIA, MoH           MIA
                     on victims of         (NJDNJ)                         MoJ
                                                                           MLSW
                     trafficking.
                                                                           MoH
                                                                           Partners
                                                                           NGOs
                                           3. Organization of              NATC          2008-11     10.000              Number of conducted
                                           workshops on the                MIA                                            workshops
                                           standardization of data on      MoJ                                           Number of participants
                                           victims of trafficking          MLSW                                          Standardized data
                                                                           MoH
                                                                           Partners
                                                                           NGOs
                                           4.Provide training for          NATC          2009-11     1,000               Person trained in data
                                           specific operators              MIA                                            collection and processing
                                                                           MoJ
                                                                           MLSW
                                                                           MoH
                                                                           Partners
                                                                           NGOs
2.                   SO1                   1. Conduct evaluation of the    NATC          June 2009   1.000 + donors      Analysis report conducted
                     Enhance the legal     legal framework in order to     Inter-                                         with commentary and
To provide and       framework             identify the legal gaps in      ministerial                                    recommendations
coordinate                                 relation to services provided   Working
efficient services                         to victims of trafficking.      Group
to victims of                                                              MoJ
                                                                           MLSW
trafficking,
                                                                           MIA
children and                                                               MoH
young people                                                               Partners
                                                                           NGOs
                                           2. Revising and amending        MoJ           2008-11                         Number of revised laws and
                                           the law                         MLSW                                           regulations
                                                                           MIA
                                                          MoH
                                                          Partneret
                                                          NGOs
                         3. Technical support to SOS      MoJ-            2008-11                 24 hrs functional helpline
                         and communication lines          Department
                                                          for the
                                                          Protection of
                                                          Victims
                                                          MLSW -
                                                          Department
                                                          for Social
                                                          Welfare; SWC
                                                          MIS-THBS
                                                          Partners
                                                          NGOs
                         4. Create specific resources     MoH - Office    2009      20.000 +      Sub-legal act that regulated
                         for examining and offering       of Forensic               donors         the provision of services
                         health services to victims of    Medicine                                Advance the capacities of
                         trafficking, including free      Partners                                 health care providers
                         medication                       NGOs
SO2                      1. Increase the professional     MoJ             2008-11   25.000 +      Number of trained workers
Strengthen               capacities of social workers,    MoH                       donors
institutional            the trafficking in human         MIA
                         beings section (police),         MLSW
mechanisms and
                         judiciary, sanitary              Partners
increase institutional   inspectors, healthcare           NGOs
capacities               workers, work inspectors,        Courts
                         and protectors of victims.
                         2. Structuring/allocation of     Supreme         2008-11                 Number of judges allocated
                         specialist judges in courts on   Judicial
                         cases of trafficking             Council
                                                          MoJ
                         3. Establishment of a task       Government                              Task force
                         force with participation of
                         all actors
                                           4. Accelerating legal             Supreme    2008-11                Manual of judicial
                                           procedures in cases of            Judicial                           procedures
                                           trafficking in human beings.      Council                           Average number of days for
                                                                             MoJ                                procession a case
                  SO3                      1. Licensing and establishing     MLSW       2010                   Formulated criteria
                  Ensure sustainable       criteria for organizations that   Partners   ongoing                Regulation for licensing
                  services to victims of   wish to provide services to       NGOs                               NGOs that will provide
                                           victims of trafficking.                                              services
                  trafficking by
                  cooperating with                                                                             Number of licensed
                                                                                                                organizations
                  relevant service
                  providers
                                           2. Establishment of a             NATC       2008-11                Established database
                                           database of different service     MLSW
                                           providers and agencies            Partners
                                                                             NGOs

                                           3. Providing psychosocial         MLSW       2008-11                Number of families and
                                           counseling for families of        MoJ                                victims counseled
                                           domestic victims of               Partners
                                           trafficking.                      MGOs
                                           4. Reaching a cooperation         Partners   2008-11                Improved services for
                                           agreement between key             NGOs                               families of trafficked
                                           actors for the provision of                                          victims
                                           services to victims of                                              Number of agreements
                                           trafficking based on mutual                                          signed
                                           interest.
                                           5. Providing courts with the      Kosovo     2008-11                Number of courts equipped
                                           necessary resources for           Judicial                           with adequate resources
                                           protection of victims.            Council
                                                                             Courts
3.                SO1                      1. Improving long term            MLSW       2008-11   410.000      Quality of services
To achieve long   Promote long term        rehabilitation and                MoJ                                measured through the
term              reintegration services   reintegration services in the     Partners                           assessment of beneficiaries
                                           community                         MoH
reintegration of   for victims of            2. Educational services for MEST             2008-11                      Number of victims that
children and       trafficking               victims of trafficking      Partners                                       received educational
young people,                                                            NGOs                                           services
who are victims                              3. Providing professional   MLSW             2008-11   Kosovo budget      Number of victims that
                                             development services to     Partners                                       received professional
of trafficking
                                             victims of trafficking.     NGOs                                           development
                                             4. Providing employment     MEST             2008-11   Kosovo budget      Number of victims that are
                                             services to victims of      Partners                                       employed
                                             trafficking                 (Business)
                                             5. Providing independent    Municipalities   2008-11   Kosovo budget      Number of sheltered
                                             and semi-independent        MLSW                                           victims
                                             accommodation to victims of Partners                                      Proportion of victims in
                                             trafficking                 NGOs                                           shelters in relation to those
                                                                                                                        living independently
                                             6. Mediation services for       MLSW-        2008-11   Kosovo budget      Number of victims that
                                             readmission of victims of       SWC, DAAV                                  returned to their family
                                             trafficking by their families   Partners
                                                                             NGOs
                                             7. Organization of advocacy     Partners     2008-11                      Number of victims that
                                             campaigns for financial         NGOs                                       have started business
                                             support to victims of                                                      activity
                                             trafficking to start up
                                             businesses and enterprises
                   SO2                       1. Continuation and             MIA          2008-11   20.000             Number of agreements
                   Coordinate                improving cooperation with      MFA                                        achieved
                   repatriation services     international and               Partners                                  Number of foreign victims
                                             governmental organizations      NGOs                                       returned to countries of
                                             in the countries of origin of                                              origin
                                             trafficking victims.
                   SO3                       1. Establishment of contacts    MIA          2008-11                      Number of agreements
                   Coordinate services       and cooperation with            MFA                                        achieved
                   for relocation to third   international and               Partners                                  Number of persons
                   countries of victims      governmental organizations      NGOs                                       relocated to third countries
                   of trafficking in the     in third countries for
                   capacity of protected   relocation of victims of
                   witnesses.              trafficking as protected
                                           witnesses.




        V.3 Scope - PROSECUTION


 Strategic goal     Specific objectives             Activities             Responsible    Timefram     Budget in       Monitoring indicators
                                                                               and           e          Euros
                                                                           supporting
                                                                           institutions
1.                 SO1                     1. Revision of Criminal        Assembly        2008-2009 5.000             Number of revised articles/
To improve         Enhance the legal       Code and Criminal              MoJ                                          codes
proactive and      framework               Procedure Code.                ZK-ZNJSH
                                                                          KJI
reactive
investigation                              2. Organization of             NATC            2009-11    100.00           Number of information
techniques in                              information sessions for       Kosovo                                       sessions conducted
order to improve                           judges, prosecutors, and       Judicial                                    Number of people informed
the efficiency                             police to explain legal        Council                                      about legal procedures
against                                    procedures for complex         Partners                                    Information material is
trafficking in                             cases                          Kosovo                                       prepared
                                                                          Supreme
human beings,
                                                                          Court
within the                                 3. Adoption of the law on      Assembly        2008-                       Law adopted by the
organized crime                            the origin of property (also   MoJ             March                        Assembly
framework                                  for citizens)                  ZK-ZNJSH        2009
                                                                          Kosovo Anti-
                                                                          Corruption
                                                                          Agency
SO2                    1. Equipping front-line         MIA              2008-11   1 million      Number of officials
                       officials with necessary        Prosecutor’s                               provided with necessary
Increase institutional resources, mechanisms and       Office                                     means and expertise on the
capacities (police,    expertise on the issue of       Partners                                   issues trafficking
prosecution and        trafficking in human beings     NGOs
courts) in using
proactive and reactive
investigation          2.Publication of manuals        MoJ              2008-11   75.000         Number of publications for
techniques             (brochures) for police,         KJC                                        police, judges and
                       prosecutors and judges on       Partners                                   prosecutors
                       legal measures on               KJI
                       trafficking                     KSHKT
                       3. Increasing the number of     Presidency       2008-11   2500.00        Number of trafficking
                       judges and prosecutors          KJC                                        issues addressed by courts,
                       working on cases of             Prosecutorial                              prosecutors and police
                       trafficking.                    Council
                                                       KJI
                       4.Establishing structures of    MoJ              2008-11   54.000         The number of
                       spokespersons in courts and                                                spokespersons in courts,
                       prosecutor’s offices                                                       prosecutor’s offices,
                                                                                                  established structures
                       5. Conducting training for      KJI              2008-11   20.000         Number of trained
                       court and prosecutor’s office   Partners                                   spokespersons on anti-
                       spokespersons on matters                                                   trafficking issues
                       related to trafficking and
                       public relations.
                       6.Setting translation/          NATC             2008-11                  Established procedures
                       interpretation procedures in    MIA
                       police, prosecutor’s offices,   MoJ
                       and courts                      District Court
                                                       Partners
                                                       NGOs
SO3                    1. Drafting memorandums of      MoJ              2009                     Memorandums of
                       cooperation between             MIA                                        cooperation
                   Achieve efficient        relevant institutions          Prosecutor’s
                   coordination and                                        Office
                   strengthen                                              Courts
                                                                           Partners
                   cooperation between
                   police, prosecution,     2. Regular contacts between    MIA            2008-11      Monthly contacts made
                   courts, customs          institutions                   Prosecutor’s                 between institutions
                   structures, and tax                                     Office
                   administration                                          Courts
                                            3. Efficient exchange of       NATC           2008-11      Number of public officials
                                            information between the                                     (police, prosecutor’s office,
                                            police, prosecution, courts,                                courts) prosecuted,
                                            local government, tax                                       investigated, adjudicated,
                                            administration, health                                      about trafficking in human
                                            centers and customs about                                   beings
                                            trafficking networks.
                   SO4                                                     MIA
                   Manage collection of                                    Prosecutor’s
                   intelligence about the                                  Office
                                                                           Court
                   networks and
                                                                           Customs
                   organizations in order
                   to provide a more
                   complete overview
                   on trafficking
                   activities.

2.                 SO1                      1. Increase capacities of      MFA            2008-11      Percentage of officials in
To strengthen      Ensure                   police, prosecution and        MIA                          police, prosecutor’s offices
cooperation with   implementation of        courts to apply TRM            MoJ                          and courts that have
                                            (Transnational Referral        Prosecutor’s                 knowledge of TRM
other states and   relevant legal
                                            Mechanisms)                    Office
international      instruments for joint                                   Courts
organizations in   investigations with                                     Customs
the                  other countries and
implementation       organizations such as   2.Initiative for membership     MIA             2008-2009              Kosovo membership in
of international     INTERPOL/               in CSEEI /SECI                  MFA                                     SECI
law to combat        EUROPOL/ SECI           3. Establish a focal point of   MIA             2009-2010              Focal point in MIA
                                             CSEEI/SECI (South East                                                  established
trafficking in
                                             Europe Center of Initiatives)
human beings                                 4.Increase of number of         MFA             2008-11                Number of agreements
within the war                               agreements with states          MIA                                     reached with other states
against organized                                                                                                   Number of joint
crime                                                                                                                investigations with law
                                                                                                                     enforcement authorities of
                                                                                                                     other countries
                                             5.Centralization of anti-       MIA             2008                   Percentage of centralized
                                             trafficking units               MSHKT                                   anti-trafficking units
                     SO2                     1.Establishing a unified        KSHKT           2008-11                Joint database established
                     Strengthen and          database based on SOPs and                                             Number of personnel
                     develop information     TRMs (Standard Operations                                               trained to use the database
                                             Procedures and
                     exchange with other
                                             Transnational Referral
                     countries               Mechanisms)

                     SO3                     1.Devloping relevant            MoJ             2008-11     75.00      Standard procedures
                     Improve returns and     procedures and budgets for      MIA                                     established
                     extradition             returns                         Prosecutor’s                           Number of returns and
                                                                             Office                                  extraditions
                     procedures according
                     to international
                                                                             Courts                                 Budget (money) for returns
                                                                                                                     and extraditions
                     procedures
3.                   SO1                     1.Improving logistics during    MoJ             2008-11                Number of arrests
To increase          Enhance institutional   the court proceedings           Kosovo                                  /convictions for trafficking
efficiency of        capacities of           (improving and accelerating     Judicial                                or crimes related to
                                             procedures)                     Council                                 trafficking
prosecutor’s         prosecution and
                                                                             Prosecutorial                          Percentage of arrests the
offices and courts   courts in prosecuting                                   Council                                 end with conviction
in prosecuting       and convicting                                          KJI
and convicting       perpetrators of such                                      Partners
the perpetrators     crimes.                  2. Developing capacities of      MoJ             2008-11                     Number of judges and
of this crime.                                judges and prosecutors           Kosovo                                       prosecutors that are trained
                                              through training and             Judicial                                    Average convictions for the
                                              exchange of experience on        Council                                      crime of trafficking or
                                              conviction of offenders          Prosecutorial                                crimes related to trafficking
                                                                               Council
                                                                               KJI
                                                                               Partners
                                                                               NGOs
                     SO2                      1.Increasing awareness of        KJI             2008-11   20.000            Information material
                     Draft/ implement         prosecutors, judges and          Partners                                     prepared
                     policies for adequate    lawyers on the seriousness       Judges
                     conviction in line
                                              of the crime of trafficking as   Association                                 Percentage of prosecutors
                                              a violation of human rights/     Prosecutors                                  and judges that have
                     with the gravity of      children’s rights /              Association                                  participated in special
                     crime of trafficking     enslavement / hiding             Chamber of                                   trainings on trafficking
                     in human beings or       documents, etc                   Advocates
                     any crime related to
                     trafficking
4.                   SO1                      1. Organization of awareness     MIA             2008-11                     Number of confiscation
To ensure the        Achieve firm             sessions for the investigation   KJI                                          procedures completed
confiscation of      implementation of        police officers, judges and      Partners
                                              prosecutors about                NGOs
property of          procedures for
                                              confiscation of assets of        Judges
perpetrators of      confiscation of          those who commit the crime       Association
this crime as well   property and assets of   of trafficking.                  Prosecutors
as compensation      those who commit                                          Association
of victims of        trafficking crimes
trafficking                                   2. Creating a fund for           MoJ             2009-2010 Depending on      The fund established for
                                              compensation of victims          MEF                       assets             compensation of victims
                                              from assets confiscated from     MIA                       confiscated       Number of confiscation
                                              offenders                        Prosecutor’s                                 cases
                                                                               Office
                                                                               Courts
                                                                            Customs




                                             3. Developing institutional    MoJ            2010-2011      Agency for Administering
                                             capacities of managing the                                    Confiscated Assets is
                                             compensation fund.                                            established


                   SO2                       1. Increasing awareness of     KJI            2008-11        Percentage of trafficked
                   Achieve firm              judges and prosecutors and     Partners                       victims that have received
                   implementation of         victims’ defense lawyers,      Judges and                     compensation
                   procedures for
                                             about compensation of          Prosecutors                   Number of victims that
                                             victims with the property      Associations                   have accepted
                   compensating the          confiscated from offenders     Chamber of                     compensation
                   victims of trafficking.   or from the state.             advocates
                                             2. Increasing number of        KJC            2009-2011      Number of executive
                                             execution judges and other     Municipal                      judges in municipal courts
                                             supporting personnel in        courts
                                             municipal courts.
5.                 SO1                       1. Providing information and   MIA            2008-11        Percentage of victims that
                   Enhance procedures        assistance to victims about    MoJ                            have received information
To ensure          for treatment of          their rights.                  MLSW                           and assistance about
                                                                            Prosecutor’s                   compensation
adequate and       victims at the police,
                                                                            Office                        Information material for
non-               prosecutor’s offices                                     Courts                         compensation of victims is
discriminatory     and courts, in                                                                          prepared
treatment of       accordance with
victims by the     domestic laws and
police,            international
prosecution, and   standards
courts   SO2                       1. Facilitate children victims    MIA              2008-11      Percentage of victims
         Facilitate a non-         to be questioned in the           MoJ                            assisted by social worker
         discriminatory            presence of persons as set by     MLSW                           during the questioning
                                   the law.                          Courts                         session.
         approach in
                                                                     Prosecutor’s
         compliance with                                             Office
         human rights of all       2. Increasing awareness of        MIA              2008-11      Number of revised
         actors involved in the    police officers, judges and       Partners                       laws/articles
         field of trafficking in   prosecutors and judges to         KJI
         human beings.             avoid arresting victims of        Association of
                                   trafficking for prostitution or   Judges and
                                   illegal border crossing.          Prosecutors
                                                                     QKSPEZH
                                   3. Recruitment of police,         MIA              2008-11      Percentage of women in
                                   prosecution and court staff       Kosovo                         police, prosecution and
                                   based on the principles of        Judicial                       judicial authorities
                                   non-discrimination in             Council                       Percentage of minority
                                   conformity with the law.          Prosecutor’s                   members in police,
                                                                     Office                         prosecution and judicial
                                                                     QKSPEZH                        authorities
                                   4. Provide training for           MIA              2008-11      Number of trained police
                                   police, courts and                Partners                       officers, prosecutors, and
                                   prosecution staff on human        KJI                            judges
                                   rights as envisaged by the        Association of
                                   international conventions.        Prosecutors
                                                                     and Judges
                                                                     QKSPEZH

				
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