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                    Mönch                          Ankara accompany the second-largest Armed
                                                   Forces of NATO which need state-of-the-art
                                                                                                        PART I:
                                                   defence equipment. The SSM with its double           NATIONAL AND
                    Inside                         role as part of the Defence Ministry with
                                                                                                        NAVY NEWS
                                                   responsibility for armaments and as procure-
                                                   ment organisation for the Turkish Armed
                                                   Forces is in charge of programmes but also sup-      Algerian Navy: The small landing ship “Kaaled
                                                   ports Turkish industry, which has long left the      Beni Rached” had been staying for several days
                                                   role of a licensee but meanwhile is successful-      at the English Embankment in St. Petersburg.
MANAGING EDITOR                                    ly pursuing own export opportunities. Mönch          Reporters of the Central Navy Portal managed
FOR WEHRTECHNIK                                    Media Turkey published in Spanish a com-             to get onboard the Algerian ship and talk to the
   Since last September                            prehensive profile of Turkish Defence Indus-         commanding officer who refused to disclose the
1st, our sister magazine                           try on the occasion of FIDAE in Santiago de          purpose of the visit, referring to a lack of author-
WEHRTECHNIK has                                    Chile, and also published for the very first time    ity. The ship was guarded by Algerian sailors
been supported by                                  in Turkish history a full catalogue of Turkish       armed with automatic rifles. The Baltic Fleet
Rainer Seth who took                               defence products (in English). Many years ago        (BF) Press Service explained that “Kaaled Beni
over the tasks as Man-                             Mönch Media Turkey published not only a              Rached” arrived St. Petersburg for an official
aging Editor, highly                               Handbook of the Turkish Armed Forces –               call and also to replenish supplies. Answering
appreciated by Editor-                             which was up to that time thought impossible         the question whether the visit was connected
in-Chief Rudolf K.                                 – but also the official White Paper on Security      somehow with the launching of the second of
Schiwon, who had                                   and Defence Policy of the Turkish Govern-            two pr 636M KILO submarines built at Admi-
already experienced the work of Rainer Seth        ment.                                                ralteyskie Verfi shipyard for the Algerian Navy,
as a member of the editorial team of WEHR-                                                              the BF official said that was classified informa-
TECHNIK.                                                                                                tion and could not be disclosed. However, it
                                                   ‘CHANGE OF COMMAND’                                  should be noted that two Algerian-flagged diesel
                                                    IN MÖNCH NORTH AMERICA                              electric KILO submarines stayed at Admi-
                                                      Mrs.           Helena                             ralteyskie Verfi quay, nearby the site where the
                SAVUNMA                            Hoogterp has left the                                “Kaaled Beni Rached” was moored, and that
                VE HAVACILIK                       NAVAL           FORCES                               ITAR TASS reported that they had been deliv-
                (IN TURKISH)                       Team on December 31st                                ered to the Algerian Navy. The “Kaaled Beni
                PRESENTS                           for private reasons.                                 Rached” is one of the two “Kalaat” class ships
                25 YEARS OF SSM,                   Helena, who represent-                               built in the UK by (then) Vosper Thornycroft.
                THE TURKISH                        ed NAVAL FORCES                                      She was launched in May 1984 and commis-
                ORGANISATION                       in the US and Canada                                 sioned into the Algerian Navy in October 1984.
                                                   for more than 10 years,                              Displacement is 2,130 tons; length 93m; beam
   Our Turkish sister magazine SAVUNMA VE          intends to donate more                               15m; draft 3.5m; crew is 81. Main propulsion
HAVACILIK (Defence & Aerospace) has been           time to her family. We will miss Helena, both        includes 2x 6,000shp MTU diesels. Speed is 16
‘escorting’ the Turkish Armed Forces, their        as a colleague and as our marketing represen-        knots; range 3,000nm at 12 knots. Armament:
Procurement Organisation SSM, and Turkish          tative. We thank her for her excellent work and      two single-barrelled OTO Melara 40mm gun
Defence Industry since the mid-80ies in the role   friendship during all these years and wish her       mounts; two coupled 25mm gun mounts 2M-
of a chronicler. This way the Mönch editors in     all the best for her dual role as a wife and moth-   3M; heliport. The ship is capable to carry up to
                                                   er of two lively children.                           240 sailors or 650 tons of cargo.
Murad Bayar,                                          The position of our                               (wl based on and ITAR TASS)
Head of the Turkish Armaments                      Marketing Representa-
Organisation SSM, elaborates during                tive North America will                              Argentine Navy: On December 2nd, the last
the SSM Anniversary mission                        be taken over by Mrs.                                flight of an Argentine Naval Aviation
and goals of the organisation.                     Sally Cole, who has                                  Command Aerospatiale ALOUETTE III took
                                                   been working for our                                 place, and the last aircraft with serial no 0642
                                                   sister journal MILI-                                 was retired from service. This aircraft was
                                                   TARY TECHNOLO-                                       received on November 5th, 1969 and clocked
                                                   GY in the US and Cana-                               up more than 45,000 flight hours in 41 years.
                                                   da. Sally, who already                               A total of 14 ALOUETTE III was purchased
                                                   met a great number of her POC in naval indus-        between 1969 and 1978 and until now, there is
                                                   try at the recent Surface Navy Association           no replacement for them.
                                                   show in Washington D.C., has learnt naval par-                (Courtesy of Juan Carlos Cicalesi –
                                                   lance fast and is on her way to become a spe-                                       Santiago Rivas)
                                                   cialist in naval technology. We are certain that        The Argentine Navy is completing project
                                                   she will continue and foster NAVAL FORCES            SEON (Sistema Estabilizado de Observación
                                                   excellent relationship with our US and Cana-         Naval) which refers to the development and con-
                                                   dian naval industry partners.                        struction of a gyro-stabilised platform with a

110                                                                                                                                 NAVAL FORCES I/2011

payload of 80kg, comprising a colour TV cam-        frigates carrying one helicopter, and sometimes    posite components for Eurocopter’s global sup-
era with zoom for vision angles of 22º to 1º, an    two, Goennemann points out that an NH90’s          ply chain, and providing sonar, radar and
IR camera working in the 3 and 5µm bands with       combat equipment can be removed within two         acoustics technologies for the NH90. Other roles
the same zoom as the TV camera, and a Laser         hours to allow it to transport up to 16 passen-    could cover maintenance and support activities,
range finder with a 20km range. SEON will also      gers. There would also be some commonality         the development of ground training equipment
have a target tracking capability. The first pro-   between the NH90 and the 46 MRH90 military         and the final assembly of the Eurotorp MU90
totype will be ready by March 2011 for instal-      transports ordered by Australia, including six     torpedo and MBDA’s MARTE Mk2/S anti-ship
lation on the TNC-45 type fast attack craft ARA     for its Navy. The first four MRH90s were built     missile.
“Indómita” (P-86) which the Argentine Navy is       in Europe, but the remainder are being assem-
modernising at the Segundo Storni shipyard.         bled at Australian Aerospace, along with most      Brazilian Navy: In the presence of Eurocopter
The platform will provide a 360º vision with a      of the Australian Army’s TIGER armed recon-        President Lutz Bertling, the first three EC725
range of 12km mainly for maritime traffic con-      naissance helicopters. As part of its sales cam-   COUGAR (called UH-15 by the Brazilian
trol and SAR operations in the South Atlantic.      paign, Eurocopter borrowed a NH90 from the         Armed Forces) were delivered by the company
Also this system will be the heart of the first     Italian Navy and had it shipped to Australia in    to the Brazilian Government. The first aircraft
domestically designed fire control system, inte-    an Antonov An-124. The helicopter is perform-      with serial no N-7101 was taken to Helibrás
grated with the ship’s radars, weapons and fire     ing demonstration flights and on January 26th      facilities in Itajubá, Minas Gerais State, for deliv-
computer.                          (Courtesy of     participated in Australia Day celebrations above   ery to the Brazilian Navy by end-2010.
      Juan Carlos Cicalesi – Santiago Rivas)        Sydney harbour. Detailing the Australian Aero-                 (Courtesy of Juan Carlos Cicalesi –
                                                    space role, Goennemann said the Eurocopter                                          Santiago Rivas)
Australian Navy: Eurocopter has ‘sweetened’         unit would “in partnership with Australian
its Australian naval helicopter offer with a        industry, also undertake in Australia mainte-        The first three EC725 COUGAR called UH-15
                                                                                                              in the Brazilian Armed Forces have been
pledge for in-country manufacture and support       nance support services at operational bases”.               delivered by Eurocopter to the Brazilian
of an NH90 order by its Australian Aerospace        Goennemann said opportunities for Australian           Government. The first aircraft was delivered
subsidiary in Brisbane. The European company        industry would also include producing com-                          to the Brazilian Navy end-2010.
is thought to be the underdog in the competition
against the Lockheed Martin/Sikorsky MH-60R
SEAHAWK for at least 24 naval combat heli-
copters to replace the Royal Australian Navy’s
Sikorsky S-70B-2 SEAHAWKs. But Euro-
copter is stressing the NH90’s multi-role capa-
bility, fly-by-wire control and low-corrosion
full-composite design, which Australian Aero-
space CEO Jens Goennemann said is an advan-
tage for shipborne aircraft. With Australian

The Royal Australian Navy is already acquiring
six MRH90 transports. Now Eurocopter
pledged in-country manufacture and
support of an NH90 order by its Australian
Aerospace subsidiary in Brisbane.
(Photo: Courtesy of Australian Department
of Defence)

                                                                                                       Canadian Navy: The Canadian Government
                                                                                                       has given the go-ahead to the long-awaited Joint
                                                                                                       Support Ship (JSS) project, as the requirement
                                                                                                       is gaining in urgency. The sum of C$2.6Bn
                                                                                                       (US$2.53Bn) is being funded by the Defence,
                                                                                                       Public Works and Industry Ministries and envis-
                                                                                                       ages two ships with an option of a third. The pri-
                                                                                                       mary role of the JSS will be underway replen-
                                                                                                       ishment for Canadian and allied naval vessels
                                                                                                       but it will also provide the home base for main-
                                                                                                       tenance and operation of helicopters, a limited
                                                                                                       sealift capability, and logistics support to forces
                                                                                                       deployed ashore. The JSS will replace the 40-
                                                                                                       year old “Protecteur” class underway replen-
                                                                                                       ishment ships from 2017 onwards. The first
                                                                                                       stage in the JSS project will be to assess designs
                                                                                                       which are being developed by Government and
                                                                                                       industry, but suitable foreign designs will also

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                    111

These were two of the original designs for the Canadian JSS, which failed because they were considered unaffordable ‘juggernauts’.
But a well deck and hangar for helicopters seem certain. (Graphics: Internet)

be studied. The design is expected to be avail-       frigates. As part of this order, the fully owned     which Chinese drones were fully operational,
able in approximately two years, at which time        Saab company Saab Microwave Canada Ltd               although one confirmed that the People’s Lib-
a Canadian shipyard, selected as part of the          based in Halifax, Nova Scotia, will provide addi-    eration Army (PLA) had deployed at least two
National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy,           tional support services for the Canadian Navy.       propeller-powered reconnaissance UAV. But
will be awarded a contract for detailed design                                                             the large number of UAV on display illustrates
and construction. The original programme was          China: Western defence officials and experts         clearly that China is investing considerable time
delayed in mid 2008 because of unrealistic cost-      were surprised to see more than 25 different Chi-    and money to develop drone technology, and is
ing by the Government. The decision came just         nese models of the unmanned aerial aircraft          actively promoting its products on the interna-
before leaked Government documents indicat-           (UAV) on display at the 2010 Zhuhai Air Show         tional market. China’s apparent progress is like-
ed the two single-hulled “Protecteur” AOR             – a record number for a country that unveiled its    ly to spur others, especially India and Japan, to
might be prohibited from using European and           first concept UAV at the same air show only four     accelerate their own UAV development or
American ports due to environmental rules, as         years ago, and put a handful on display at the       acquisition programmes. Military and aviation
regulations increasingly demand double-hulled         last one in 2008. The apparent progress in UAV       experts said China’s drones are still probably
ships to reduce the risk of oil spills after acci-    is a stark sign of China’s ambition to upgrade its   several years behind US and Israeli models, not-
dents.          (wl based on Naval Spy Glass)         massive military as its global political and eco-    ing that many countries have tried and failed to
                                                      nomic clout grows. The US and Israel are cur-        develop their own UAV. But they also said that
Saab has received an additional order of              rently the world leaders in developing such pilot-   China is catching up fast in other areas of civil
SEK108M from Lockheed Martin Canada for               less drones, which have played a major role in       and military aviation technology, thanks in large
further enhancement of the SEA GIRAFFE 150            the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. This year’s        part to technology transferred by foreign aero-
HC 2D radar for the modernisation of the Cana-        models in Zhuhai included several designed to        space companies in Chinese joint ventures. The
dian Navy’s “Halifax” class frigates. Deliver-        fire missiles, and one powered by a jet engine,      Chinese drone of greatest potential concern to
ies are planned for 2011-2016. The original con-      meaning it could be faster than the propeller-       the US is the one with several missiles and a jet
tract was awarded in May 2009. Saab has been          powered PREDATOR and REAPER drones                   engine – called the WJ600 – which was dis-
a radar provider to the Canadian Navy since the       that the US has used in Iraq, Afghanistan and        played by China Aerospace Science & Indus-
early nineties. The received additional order is      Pakistan. Exhibitors did not provide details         try Corp. (CASIC). CASIC officials declined to
a further enhancement and modification of the                                                              comment, but a video and a two-dimensional
existing SEA GIRAFFE 150 HC, and will                 The Chinese jet-powered WJ600 UAV,                   display by the company showed Chinese forces
secure a high level of operational availability as    for reconnaissance and attacks.                      using the WJ600 to help attack what appeared
well as new and improved functions of the radar       (Photo: Courtesy of The Wall Street Journal)         to be a US aircraft carrier steaming towards an
for years to come. The new modified SEA
GIRAFFE 150 HC will increase the perfor-
mance in a high clutter environment, such as the
littorals, as well as align the radar to the latest
generation of SEA GIRAFFE AMBs. It will pro-
vide the Canadian Navy with a state-of-the-art
radar that will complement other radar sensors
onboard with its improved capability to detect
and track low RCS (Radar Cross Section) tar-
gets on or just above the sea surface. New capa-
bilities can easily be added and inserted to the
radar to counter new threats or accommodate
new requirements. The radar upgrade is part of
a larger Combat Systems Integration contract,
awarded to Lockheed Martin Canada in 2008,
that will ultimately provide a new command and
control system, radars, tactical data links, elec-
tronic support measures and other warfare capa-
bilities for the Canadian Navy’s “Halifax” class

112                                                                                                                                  NAVAL FORCES I/2011

island off China’s coast that many visitors           in adverse weather conditions, and deterrent          DPRK Navy: The new “Daedong-B” midget
assumed to be Taiwan. The ASN Technology              presence against offending vessels and aircraft       submarine of the Democratic Peoples’ Repub-
Group’s display included a model of the largest       on both coasts, as well as operations in low inten-   lic of Korea Navy (DPRK Navy) or North Kore-
UAV at the show, the ASN-229A Reconnais-              sity conflict. They are equipped with the means       an Navy features torpedo launch tubes, accord-
sance and Precise Attack UAV, which is                to provide power, relief, bilge (water extraction),   ing to South Korean intelligence sources, sug-
designed to carry air-to-ground missiles, and to      fire fighting, evacuation and care of wounded         gesting that the North is planning more torpedo
use a satellite link to locate and attack targets     and sick in damaged vessels. Powered by pair          strikes. Satellite imagery examined by South
over a radius of 2,000km. Company officials           of Wärtsilä 6L26 engines her cruise speed is 12       Korean and US intelligence officials have shown
said that and the other ASN models were all in        knots and maximum speed 21 knots.                     4m-long (13.1-ft) torpedo launch tubes attached
production, but not yet all on the market; and         (wl unofficial translation from infodifensa)         to North Korea’s new line of mini submarines.
most could be used for military operations as                                                               Intelligence authorities from both countries had
well as civilian ones such as monitoring elec-        Costa Rica Coast Guard, force of a mere 300           suspected that satellite images showed launch
tricity pylons and oil and gas pipelines.             personnel and nine ex-US Coast Guard and com-         tubes attached to the submersibles; an intelli-
            (wl based on a report in The Wall         mercial boats, needs assistance for counter-nar-      gence tip later confirmed that they were for light-
    Street Journal, provided by INTRACON              cotics operations: Costa Rica is allowing up to       weight torpedoes. The “Daedong-B” model is
                    New Technologies GMBH)            46 US warships to operate inside its territorial      said to be 17m long, 4m wide and 2.2m high.
                                                      waters. Following a request from the US, the          One special characteristic of the midget subma-
Colombian Navy: Colombia’s National Ship-             Costa Rican Parliament granted permission for         rine, intelligence sources said, is the rear of the
yard COTECMAR in Cartagena de Indias has              these operations in a move to combat organised        vessel, which is shaped like a ramp to easily
launched its largest naval vessel, the OPV ARC        crime including smuggling as well as providing        enable agents to get on and off. North Korea has
“20 de Julio” (46) based on the Fassmer OPV80         humanitarian aid. Washington has supplied a list      also been holding exercises with the new sub-
design built for Chile. Built with Colombian          of ships which it wishes to deploy, including all     marines last July while South Korean and US
labour and technology, the ship will be operat-       30 “Oliver Hazard Perry” (FFG 7) class frigates,      troops were holding joint exercises. Based on
ed by the Columbian Coast Guard (part of the          two of the new Littoral Combat Ships, three           the evidence, intelligence authorities believe
Navy), to help ensure the sovereignty and mar-        “Wasp” (LHD 1) class amphibious assault ships,        North Korea is now capable of carrying out
itime safety in the jurisdiction of the Navy in the   five mine countermeasures ships or high speed         attacks with its mini submarines, along with its
Caribbean. The name “20 de Julio” was assigned        transports, a “Mars” (T-AFS) class combat stores      “Yono” class submarines, which the South
for the purpose of joining the event for the 200th    ship, two “Lewis and Clark” (T-AKE) class car-        Korean Government believes the North used to
Anniversary of the proclamation of indepen-           go/ammunition ships, a “Pathfinder” (T-AGS            sink the “Cheonan” last March. North Korea has
dence. ARC “20 de Julio” meets all international      60) class survey ship and a “Mercy” (T-AH 19)         not made any direct threats to attack the South
standards such as SOLAS, MARPOL and the               class hospital ship. However, it appears that only    with its torpedoes since March, which it did on
IMO. Colombia’s Navy changed in some                  one or two of these vessels will be deployed at       a regular basis before the sinking of the South
aspects the original Fassmer design, adapting         any one time. In a separate development, Wash-        Korean corvette “Cheonan”. However, North
efficiently to the needs of the Navy and making       ington is promising to provide US$4.2M of naval       Korea’s preference for torpedoes is well-known,
it an excellent platform for interdiction. ARC        equipment under the ‘Merida Plan’ for refitting       they have been the weapons of choice for Kim
“20 de Julio” is the second unit of the Navy of       anti-smuggling craft. In addition the Americans       Il Sung and Kim Jong-il.
that name: the first, a destroyer built in 1958 in    have provided US$3,2M for the construction of                  (wl based on a Korea JoongAng Daily
Malmö/Sweden, remained in active service for          the new naval base at Puerto Caldera, Puntare-                report submitted by Norman Polmar)
nearly 30 years. The primary mission of the OPV       nas, which is scheduled to be fully operational
is to patrol the Territorial Sea and EEZ, surveil-    by end-2011.              (wl based on reports        Egypt: Seven de-commissioned Norwegian
lance and monitoring of maritime traffic, SAR                      in the Tico Times and La Nación)         naval vessels are on their way to North Africa:
                                                                                                            According to Aftenposten Egypt wants to buy
                                                                                                            ex-MTB tender “Horten” and six MTB of the
 The moment of christening the
                                                                                                            “Hauk” class. This ends speculation of a ‘hot
 future ARC “20 de Julio” at the
 COTECMAR national shipyard.                                                                                return’ to the Mediterranean for four of the boats,
 (Photo: Courtesy of COTECMAR)                                                                              which in winter 2006 / 07 took part in the
                                                                                                            UNIFIL patrol of the waters between Cyprus
                                                                                                            and Lebanon, Israel and Gaza. According to
                                                                                                            Aftenposten, the Norwegian Defence Logistics
                                                                                                            Organisation (Forsvarets Logistikkorganisas-
                                                                                                            jon FLO) had finally negotiated the sale of the
                                                                                                            seven decommissioned naval vessels for a pack-
                                                                                                            age price of NKr200-210M. The ex-Horten will
                                                                                                            be stripped of all military equipment while the
                                                                                                            six MTB (ex-Tjeld, ex-Jo, ex-Stegg, ex-Falk,
                                                                                                            ex-Ravn and ex-Geir) will be sold “fully oper-
                                                                                                            ational”. The ex-Horten is by the way the only
                                                                                                            Norwegian warship with an open fire place, a
                                                                                                            bath and a double bed in the so-called Royal cab-
                                                                                                            in because this was requested to be installed by

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                       113

                                                                                                         Mr Kovács said the priorities would be to ensure
                                                                                                         close cooperation with the European Defence
                                                                                                         Agency (EDA) and the conclusion of “defence
                                                                                                         treaties” modelled on those signed recently
                                                                                                         between France and the United Kingdom. Turn-
                                                                                                         ing to multinational initiatives outside the EU
                                                                                                         scope, he described the Strategic Airlift Capa-
                                                                                                         bility involving the deployment of three C-17
                                                                                                         aircraft at the Pápa base in Hungary which was
                                                                                                         owned by 12 NATO allies and two non-NATO
                                                                                                         EU countries (Sweden and Finland). Two of the
                                                                                                         NATO allies, the United States and Norway,
                                                                                                         were not EU members. In reply to a question
                                                                                                         from the floor, Mr Kovács said he would wel-
                                                                                                         come the addition of two or three A400M air-
                                                                                                         craft at Pápa provided that other countries joined
                                                                                                         the cooperation effort. Referring to the closure
Former KNM “Tjeld” is one of the six                mines. It is optimised for littoral and open-ocean   of WEU by next June, he said the ESDA has
de-commissioned “Hauk” class MTB Egypt              waters and is effective against all known mine       done a fantastic job over the years, and that “we
wants to buy from Norway “fully operational”,       types. The system is in service with the RN’s        must tell our children and grandchildren about
together with ex-Horten MTB tender which
will be stripped of all military equipment –
                                                    remaining “Sandown” class MCMV, and exist-           it”.               (wl based on ESDA Report)
she is of civil albeit Royal standard anyway        ing export contracts include Japan, Australia,
as King Olaf had an open fire place, a bath,        Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Italy and the Republic of      EU NAVFOR: In the early hours of last
and a double bed installed, with cabins on the      Korea.                    (wl based on a report      November 26th, the MV “Medi Chennai” was
upper decks made extra fine to accommodate                                        in     attacked 185nm (343km) west of Maldives
the entire Royal Family.
                                                                                                         Islands or more than 1,000nm (1,852km) off the
(Photo: Courtesy of Royal Norwegian Navy)
                                                    EU: The European Security and Defence                African coast – this is the furthest east attack
                                                    Assembly (ESDA), an Assembly of the West-            ever registered by EU NAVFOR since the
King Olaf before he embarked on the ship years      ern European Union (WEU) held its 59th Ple-          beginning of its operation in December 2008.
ago. Several of the cabins on the upper decks       nary Session on December 2nd - 3rd. The politi-      The MV “Medi Chennai” reported it was under
have been made “a little extra fine” so that the    cal deadlock between the EU and NATO was             attack and being fired upon with small arms and
entire Royal Family could be on board, accord-      hindering both organisations, was “a luxury we       Rocket Propelled Grenades (RPG). The Captain
ing to Commander Odd Stein Melsæter of FLO.         cannot afford”, Mr Istvan Kovács, Permanent          of the bulk carrier mustered all non essential per-
                   (wl based on Aftenposten)        Representative of Hungary to the North Atlantic      sonnel in a safe room and immediately started
                                                    Council, said. Addressing the Assembly on            evasive manoeuvres by zigzagging five degrees
Estonian Navy: THALES has signed a contract         behalf of the incoming EU Presidency, he said        at a time. The addition of evasive manoeuvres
with the Estonian Navy to provide an addition-      the situation was “unacceptable, illogical and       and self protection measures (barbed wires
al 12 months of technical support and mainte-       irresponsible”, and meant that the transatlantic     around the upper deck) made it impossible for
nance to two former Royal Navy (RN) mine            community of 850 million people, which was           the pirate action group (PAG) to board the ves-
countermeasures vessels (MCMV) now serving          based on the same values, interests and closely      sel and the MV “Medi Chennai” confirmed it
with the Estonian fleet. The contract was signed    overlapping membership, could not “achieve its       was safe. During the last two weeks of Novem-
by the Chief of the Estonian Navy, Captain Igor     full potential”. Mr Kovács added that Hungary        ber the following vessels escaped being pirated
Schvede, at the Estonian Navy Headquarters at       would take practical measures during its Presi-      thanks to ‘Best Management Practices’ (BMP),
Tallinn. During the meeting, discussions were       dency to ensure that “reciprocal steps and con-      east off Port Victoria/Seychelles: MV “D&K 1”,
also initiated on how THALES could help the         cessions” were taken by the NATO Secretary-          MV “Pistis”, MV “Iver Exact”, MV “Sea Spir-
Estonian Navy achieve their ambition of creat-      General and EU High Representative. Outlin-          it”, MV Front Alfa”, MV “Carmencita”, MV
ing an indigenous sonar support capability in       ing his priorities for Hungary’s “supporting Pres-   “Albedo”, MV Pagona”; and in the Bab-el-Man-
future years. The two ex-RN “Sandown” class         idency” in the field of CFSP and CSDP, he said       deb Strait of the Gulf of Aden: MV “NYK
vessels were decommissioned and sold to Esto-       that the EU’s primary partner in the international   Altair”, MV “Vega Libra”, MV “Graceful
nia in 2006. The vessels were re-named ENS          arena was the United Nations and that the EU-        Madonna”, MV “Northern Promotion”. This
“Admiral Cowan” and ENS “Sakala”. As part           NATO strategic partnership was “indispensable        shows the effectiveness of applying BMP, espe-
of a programme to return the two ships to oper-     to successful meet both the traditional and the      cially zigzagging combined with barbed wires.
ational service, THALES originally signed a         new security challenges in a concerted manner”.      In the same timeframe the Seychelles Coast
contract in 2006 to provide operational support     In CFSP, he said 2011 could be “a decisive year”     Guard apprehended 16 suspected pirates based
to the ships in service and upgrades to THALES’     for the western Balkans provided that the EU         on cueing by two EU NAVFOR aircraft, inter-
highly successful Sonar 2093 system. This new       stuck to its policy of enlargement, and that Hun-    cepting one whaler and one skiff with five sus-
contract now extends the support programme          gary would focus its attention on the European       pected pirates onboard after the EU NAVFOR
until December 2011. Sonar 2093 is a variable-      Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), as well as CSDP,         French E-3F SDCA aircraft was launched to
depth sonar system and is designed for the detec-   the western Balkans and transatlantic relations.     search for a PAG. The Seychelles Coast Guard,
tion and classification of bottom and moored        On the development of European capabilities,         guided to the PAG’s position by the EU

114                                                                                                                                 NAVAL FORCES I/2011

NAVFOR MPRA, intercepted the whaler and                Indian Navy: The Indian Defence Ministry has        class corvettes. The PKR will be a multi-role
one skiff, with a total of five suspected pirates      approved a new programme to build four              ship according to the Ministry of Defence also
onboard. The other skiff fled the scene. Two           destroyers, reported the Times of India. Before     capable of securing the country’s EEZ. Specifi-
days later a second combined operation between         it can move forward, the programme must also        cations: displacement 2,400 tons; propulsion
EU NAVFOR and the Seychelles Coast Guard               be approved by the Finance Ministry, then           systems based upon four diesels rated at 9,240hp
led to the interception of one PAG, made up of         reviewed by the Cabinet Committee on Securi-        with a maximum speed of 30 knots and a cruis-
a whaler, one pirated fishing vessel and two           ty. The US$6.4Bn project involves the con-          ing speed of 14-18 knots. There will be anti-ship,
skiffs, carrying a total of eleven suspected pirates   struction of four Project 15B destroyers at the     air defence and anti-submarine missiles, a 76-
and seven hostages onboard.                            Mazagon Docks shipyard in Mumbai. The new           100mm gun with smaller guns and torpedo
   Despite widespread scepticism about the             warships would begin construction upon com-         launchers.
effectiveness of naval operations against pirates      pletion of the three Project 15A “Kolkata” class       This programme will replace the reported PT
these successes document that close coopera-           destroyers, officials said. The Project 15B ships   PAL offer for a similar frigate to be developed
tion of everybody concerned is beginning to bear       are supposed to have greater stealth and            with Fincantieri assistance as reported in
fruit. (wl based on EU NAVFOR reports)                 advanced sensor and weapon packages com-            NAVAL FORCES V/2010.                         (wl)
                                                       pared to the earlier vessels.
Finnish Navy: On January 5th the Finnish                               (Courtesy of Norman Polmar)         Japan: Japan’s military may form a new unit to
minelayer “Pohjanmaa” sailed her homeport                 The Indian Navy is considering modifying         monitor Chinese naval operations, a move to
Turku for a 5-month deployment to the Indian           submarines (that are already being built) with      counter what many Japanese strategists see as
Ocean. After brief stops in Malaga, Spain and          air-independent propulsion (AIP) systems to         an increasingly aggressive stance by Beijing in
Cyprus the minelayer is to join the EU Opera-          enable them to stay underwater longer, reports      the East China Sea. The unit would consist of
tion ATALANTA early February 2011. The                 the Hindustan Times. Six SCORPENE subs,             about 200 troops based on remote Yonaguni
ship, under the command of Commander Mika              ordered from French shipbuilder DCNS, are           Island, which is on Japan’s western fringe near
Raunu, embarked 90 crewmembers (both active            being built at Mazagon Dock under a US$4.1Bn        Taiwan, and would primarily be tasked with
duty personnel and reservists), a Special Forces       programme. DCNS officials said they have been       radar monitoring of Chinese naval operations in
boarding team, a larger RHIB, and was fitted           negotiating with the Navy to fit the boats with     the area, according to a report in the Yomiuri
with LRAD (long range acoustic devices). The           the systems. According to a DCNS top official,      newspaper. The report quoted unnamed Defence
main tasks of “Pohjanmaa” will be to escort mer-       if a contract were to be finalised next year, the   Ministry officials as saying a budget for the unit
chant vessels carrying humanitarian aid of the         AIP systems could be integrated into the fifth      would be formally submitted soon. Ministry
World Food Programme (WFP), and vessels of             and sixth subs in the class, with the other subs    officials contacted by the Associated Press said
African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).             receiving the systems during a later upgrade pro-   they could not comment on specifics because
She will also protect vulnerable vessels in the        gramme. The first SCORPENE sub is scheduled         the plan was still under discussion. The Ministry
Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, deter and dis-          to be delivered in 2015, the other five by 2018.    has confirmed, however, that it is considering
rupt piracy. To support the unit a small logistic             (wl based on Hindustan Times ePaper          bolstering military monitoring capabilities in the
team of five persons is based in Djibouti. FNS                                                 of India)   country’s south-western islands. Tokyo is deeply
“Pohjanmaa” is expected to return home by end-                                                             concerned over the growth of the Chinese Navy
May 2011.              (By NAVAL FORCES                Indonesian Navy: More success for Damen             and its posture in the East China Sea, where the
             Correspondent Guy Toremans)               Schelde Naval Shipbuilding (DSNS) which will        two countries have conflicting territorial claims.
                                                       assist Indonesia’s state-owned shipbuilder, PT      Relations between Beijing and Tokyo have
FNS “Pohjanmaa” left Turku                             PAL building a new frigate dubbed the Perusak       soured in 2009 because of an incident in which
January 5th to join EU Operation                       Kawal Rudal (PKR). This will be the largest         a Chinese trawler collided with two Japanese
ATALANTA from early                                    warship produced in Indonesia and DSNS has          Coast Guard patrol ships in waters near the dis-
February. The inset shows                              won a contract worth the equivalent of              puted islands Diaoyu or Diaoyutai in Chinese
one of the Long Range
                                                       US$220M to help PT PAL design and build the         and Senkaku in Japanese. The islands are con-
Acoustic Devices (LRAD)
fitted before departure.                               ship by 2014. It will be based upon the DSNS        trolled by Japan but also claimed by China.
(Photos: Courtesy                                      SIGMA 10514 design (105x14m), larger than           Located 103nm (190km) east of Taiwan, the
of Guy Toremans)                                       the SIGMA 9113 design of the “Diponegoro”           islands are surrounded by rich fishing grounds
                                                                                                           and are regularly occupied by nationalists from
                                                                                                           both sides.               (wl based on a report
                                                                                                                                   in The Canadian Press)

                                                                                                           Mexican Navy: Out of the total 2011 defence
                                                                                                           budget request of MXN50Bn, the Ministry of
                                                                                                           the Navy (SEMAR) requested MXN18Bn of
                                                                                                           which MXN966M are earmarked for R&D. But
                                                                                                           an additional MXN2.34Bn was requested to
                                                                                                           fund already ongoing Navy programmes, like
                                                                                                           the acquisition of CN-235MPA PERSUADER,
                                                                                                           C-295M transport aircraft, vehicles and weapons
                                                                                                           for the Marine Corps, plus nine new Naval Sta-
                                                                                                           tions. According to Mexican auditors, present-

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                     115

ly only nine out of 23 Mi-17 HIP helicopters are
operational – so some of the procurement mon-
ey will have to go to rectifying these deficits.               Unlike the two Fokker F-60MPA transferred from
                                             (wl)              the Netherlands to the Peruvian Navy last June,
                                                               the two Fokker F-60UTA-N transferred last
                                                               November will serve the Navy as transport and
The Pakistani Navy is planning to acquire                      medical evacuation aircraft as
JIANGKAI (Type 054) frigates from China,                       they lack a surveillance radar.
according to Chief of Naval Staff Admiral
Noman Bashir. The Navy is very satisfied with
the performance of the Chinese “Sword” class
(F 22P) frigates of which the third, PNS “Saif”
has been commissioned last September. The
JIANGKAI feature radar cross section reduc-
tion through shaping slope and radar absorbent
materials. Although Admiral Bashir referred to
the Type 054 only two of these ships have been
produced; in the PLA Navy they have been
replaced by the JIANGKAI-II (Type 054A and
054B) with a total of six frigates ordered and
four delivered. The 3,450 tons (3,850 tons fl)
ships have 2x4 YJ-83 (CSS-N-8 SACCADE or
C-802) turbo-jet powered anti-ship missiles
(180km range) and 1x48 HQ-9 VLS for GRUM-              metall Waffeb Munition GmbH for a total of             South China Sea, Manila has started to take a
BLE SA-N-6 surface-to-air missiles, as well as         US$4.7M for two ships of the class. Because of         hard look at its defence capabilities and intends
1x100mm 55 cal gun, 2x 30mm Type 730 CIWS              budget restrictions, the Peruvian Navy will only       to start its long-delayed naval modernisation
Gatling guns. On the ASW side they feature             modernise the BAP “Aguirre “(FM-55), BAP               with the purchase of a landing ship dock fund-
4x18 barrel multiple rocket launchers, 2x3 B515        “Coronel Bolognesi” (FM-57) and BAP                    ed through the leasing of naval property: the
324mm torpedoes and one KA-28 HELIX or Z-              “Quiñones” (FM-58), two of them with the               prime parcels of land on which the Navy HQ
9 helicopter. The radars are the TOP PLATE 3D          MASS system and one only with other minor              stands in Manila Bay may be leased in a private
air search and French DRBV-15 SEA TIGER                improvements.          (wl based on a report by        partnership with the Government for an esti-
2D air/surface search radar, the MR-36A sur-                  Juan Carlos Cicalesi – Santiago Rivas)          mated sum of US$100M to help beef up the
face search and two Racal-Decca RM-1290                   Last November 2nd, the Peruvian Navy                Navy, as President Benigno Aquino said in his
navigation radars; fire control is done by the         signed a contract with the Dutch Government            first state-of-the-nation address. The Navy is
BAND STAND (for SSM and main gun) and                  for the transfer of two Fokker F-60 UTA-N (lat-        eying an LPD configured as a multi-role vessel,
two RICE LAMP directors for the CIWS. Four             est model of the Fokker 60 series), for a total of     possibly to be purchased from South Korea for
Pielstick diesels with a total of 21,000hp pro-        US$13.4M. The planes will serve with the               the equivalent of US$113 – 180M, multi-role by
vide for a top speed of 30 knots; the frigates are     Escuadrón Aeronaval 11, dedicated to maritime          transforming the well deck into a makeshift hos-
crewed by 180 personnel.                               surveillance, of the Peruvian Naval Aviation.          pital and transport storage for disaster relief and
      (wl based on Director Public Relations           They can perform transport and medical evac-           sea lift. But the Navy will also need to modernise
                                 Pakistan Navy)        uation missions, as they have no surveillance          its forces for patrol and surveillance functions:
                                                       radar. Last June 8th, two F-60MPA for maritime         one 1943-vintage ex-US corvette and six patrol
Peru: The Peruvian Navy acquired a batch of            surveillance were already delivered to the same        boats of the same vintage; three ex-UK “Pea-
GH-2000TD hovercraft from the British com-             unit, serial nos AE-563 and 564.                       cock” class built during the 1980ies, one ex-US
pany Griffon Hover Works Ltd. for a total of                      (Courtesy of Juan Carlos Cicalesi –         “Cyclone” class built in the early 1990ies, two
US$4.1M dollars. Two were already tested on                                            Santiago Rivas)        overloaded and underpowered “General
Pucallpa, Ucayali region and were deployed as                                                                 Aguinaldo” class built during the 1990ies, and
part of the naval units in the valleys of the rivers   Philippine Navy: While on the one hand claim-          three “Katapangan” class patrol boats built dur-
Apurímac and Ene, where the communists guer-           ing part of the Spratly Islands, and being an arch-    ing the late 1970ies are also part of the ‘larger’
rillas of Sendero Luminoso are operating again.        ipelagic country of over 7,000 islands, Manila         units, while the rest is five small but fast SEA
The hovercraft can carry up to 2 tons of cargo         has no credible Navy. According to Armed               DOLPHINs built during the 1970ies, 22 fast US
or up to 25 soldiers and they could be easily          Forces Chief of Staff General Ricardo David,           78-ft patrol boats built during the 1990ies, and
loaded on a C-130 HERCULES or in a 40-ft               the “Philippine’s defence capabilities are almost      a few surviving “Swift” and “Point” class patrol
standard container.                                    negligible, we have nothing to shoot with”. This       boats also built during the 1970ies – none with
           (Courtesy of Juan Carlos Cicalesi –         is in stark contrast to the realities the country is   missiles. Five ex-US LSTs first commissioned
                                 Santiago Rivas)       facing: China’s intention of making the South          at the end of WW2, two small ex-US Army vehi-
   The Peruvian Navy is undertaking the par-           China Sea territories its ‘core interest’, the         cle landing ships built in the early 1990ies, and
tial modernisation of their “Caravajal” class          region’s longest running insurgency operations,        seven ex-US LCM-8 form the backbone of an
frigates (modified “Lupo” class), part of which        piracy and smuggling, and the absence of an ade-       ‘amphibious’ force. The Coast Guard has eight
is the installation of two MASS (Multi Ammu-           quate naval force. While underscoring the goal         modern but unarmed patrol craft. All in all not
nition Softkill System) launchers from Rhein-          of avoiding any violent activities erupting in the     enough to patrol the vast sea area and the Navy

116                                                                                                                                      NAVAL FORCES I/2011

would be ‘without teeth’ should tension ever             Contradicting an earlier report, Russian              sea states we operate in. It happened when the
evolve into a hot conflict.             (wl)          Defence Minister Anatoly Serdyukov says                  vessel was rolling excessively and therefore the
                                                      Moscow has no plans to build a new aircraft car-         pressure changed as the exhaust went down. And
Polish Navy: According to the Polish Defence          rier in the foreseeable future, RIA Novosti              there was water ingress… to the engine, [which]
Yearbook 2010, the GAWRON corvette pre-               reports. The remarks on December 10th came               damaged the crankshaft of this engine”, he said.
sently being built at Naval Shipyard Gdynia is        after an unnamed Ministry source claimed Rus-            The discovery of the faulty valve had led to an
still a hull – not surprising when one reads that     sia would build four new carriers: “Four aircraft        investigation of the Navy’s three other frigates.
“currently the shipyard has found itself in diffi-    carriers are needed to ensure the Navy’s effec-          “An… engineering change was done in order to
cult financial condition and bankruptcy was           tive operation. The Defence Ministry will not            improve the closing of the valves under extreme
declared”. On the more positive side, the SAR         abandon the idea of building such warships.              conditions”, Teuteberg said. Earlier, he told MPs
version of the BRYZA underwent several                Before 2020, Russia will start the construction          South Africa had got “the best value for money
upgrades involving better radars and different        of a series of aircraft carriers – up to four in all.”   ever” when it bought the frigates from Germany.
propellers, and four last patrol versions of the      Last August, Navy Commander-in-Chief Admi-               “They are brilliant. At sea they are capable, they
BRYZA are underway with a lengthened nose             ral Vladimir Vysotsky said that a technical pro-         have got long legs, they have got speed when
and FLIR turret underneath. And at Mielec fuse-       ject for an advanced aircraft carrier would be           you need it, the sensors work beautifully’ I tell
lages of the S-70 BLACK HAWK helicopter are           ready by the end of the year.                            you, perfect ships for our type of coast.”
being built. Centrum Techniki Morskiej SA                                    (wl based on RIA Novisti,         Teuteberg said the damaged frigate – he did not
(CTM) is an R&D centre engaged in the devel-                           provided by Norman Polmar)              name the ship – would need a new engine. “A
opment of C3I and Combat Management Sys-                 As was to be expected, according to an arti-          new engine will cost us R16M’ We have to
tems, Communications Systems, Underwater              cle from The New York Times, the French sale             remove the [damaged] engine and replace it. We
Weapon Systems including MCM systems,                 of assault ships to Russia was criticized partic-        have the necessary money, and we’re ordering
mine disposal charges and the UKWIAL ROV,             ularly among Russia’s neighbours, including              the new engine.” The operation would involve
but also the SHL-101/T active/passive hull-           Georgia, Estonia and Lithuania, warning that             cutting open the vessel’s hull, in what he
mounted sonar system.           (wl based on the      France may have pioneered the way for other              described as a “major evolution” set for next
                Polish Defence Yearbook 2010)         Western countries to sell Russia whatever they           year. The frigate was currently operational, pro-
                                                      have to offer, from high-technology military             pelled by its port engine and gas turbine-driven
The Royal Netherlands Navy christened                 equipment to rights for oil pipelines.                   water jet, but confined to coastal waters. “We
November 20th the third of four “Holland” class                         (wl based on           would not send her beyond that”, Teuteberg said.
patrol vessels. The “Zeeland” was christened by          The Russian Navy’s newest ballistic missile
Karla Peijs, the Commissioner of the Dutch            submarine has been called back from its sea tri-         Spanish Maritime Service of the Civil Guard
province of the same name during a ceremony           als for inspections and upgrades, the Barents            (Servicio Maritimo de la Guardia Civil):
at the Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding               Observer reported. The “Yury Dolgoruky”, the             There are few countries that do not have the sea
(DSNS) shipyard in Vlissingen. The ship is            first BOREI submarine of new SSBN pr 955,                as part of their territory, making this environ-
being prepared for initial sea trials, which are      was designed to launch BULAVA interconti-                ment a major concern of Governments in secur-
scheduled to begin in mid-2011. “Holland” and         nental ballistic missiles. The boat was previously       ing their borders. The increasingly complex
“Friesland” were officially named 2009; the           scheduled to launch its first BULAVA in the              problems associated with security and maritime
christening of “Groningen” is due in 2011.            White Sea before Christmas, but that mission             border protection lead security officials to con-
“Friesland” and “Groningen” are being built in        was pushed back until 2011 due to difficult ice          sider the incorporation of medium-sized type
Romania. (wl based on a report by defense-            conditions, according to the Russian military.           ships into their fleets. This is the case of the provided by Norman Polmar)              The Navy has since decided to send the subma-            Spanish Guardia Civil, which completes con-
                                                      rine back to the Sevmash Shipyard in Severod-            struction work by Astilleros Gondán of an OPV
The Russian Navy finally goes ahead with mod-         vinsk for final work to eliminate technical prob-        aimed at carrying out border control tasks in the
ernising its naval supply and maintenance site        lems, officials said. The work is scheduled to           open sea. The main objective of this patrol is to
near the Syrian port of Tartus to enable the base     take six months.                                         enhance the operational capability of the
to accommodate again large warships from                    (wl based on a Barents Observer report             Guardia Civil in the Atlantic Ocean and the
2012. Some 50 Russian personnel operate the                            provided by Norman Polmar)              Mediterranean Sea for functions such as con-
facility under a 1971 agreement but maintenance                                                                trolling illegal immigration, drug trafficking and
has been neglected and only one of its three float-   South African Navy (SAN): Minutes after                  enforcement of national and international mar-
ing piers is operational. For the Russian Navy        hearing that the four MEKO® Type-200 frigates            itime law, as well as other missions of a police
the modernisation is crucial to obtaining a per-      operated by the SAN were the “perfect ships for          nature that may arise. The OPV built by
manent Russian naval presence in the Mediter-         our type of coast”, MP were told on November             Astilleros Gondán is the first foray into the Mar-
ranean. According to Russian Navy Comman-             16th the rough seas had broken an engine on one          itime Service of the Guardia Civil in the area of
der-in-Chief Admiral Vladimir Vysotsky Tar-           of the warships. “The starboard propulsion unit          medium sized vessels. The OPV will feature an
tus could serve as a base for cruisers and aircraft   on one of the frigates is broken”, SAN Chief             integrated mast, a bulbous bow and a high free-
carriers even once the first stage of the renova-     Director Maritime Strategy, Rear-Admiral Bern-           board. The stern deck has a platform for a large
tions is completed. This follows an earlier           hard Teuteberg, informed Members of Parlia-              helicopter. Acquisition of this new OPV called
announcement by President Dmitry Medvedev             ment’s defence portfolio committee. An inves-            “Rio Segre” is part of a firm commitment of the
that the Russian Navy will re-establish a per-        tigation had discovered a “shortcoming” on an            police force for the reinforcement of border con-
manent presence in the Mediterranean.                 underwater exhaust valve. “We believe this to            trol and is a shining example for other security
                      (wl based on RIA Novisti)       be a design shortcoming, but particular to the           forces, especially in the Latin American region,

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                         117

                                                                                                         members during the extended maintenance peri-
                                                                                                         od in Bremerton will be afforded the opportu-
                                                                                                         nity to conduct permanent change of station
                                                                                                         moves for eligible family members from San
                                                                                                         Diego to Bremerton and, subsequently, to
                                                                                                         Everett after completion of the DPIA.
                                                                                                            The US Navy has awarded Lockheed Mar-
                                                                                                         tin Corp. and Austal USA each a fixed-price
                                                                                                         incentive contract for the design and construc-
                                                                                                         tion of a 10 ship block-buy, for a total of 20 lit-
                                                                                                         toral combat ships from fiscal 2010 through fis-
                                                                                                         cal 2015. The amount awarded to Lockheed
                                                                                                         Martin Corp. for fiscal 2010 littoral combat ships
                                                                                                         is US$436,852,639. The amount awarded to
                                                                                                         Austal USA for the fiscal 2010 littoral combat
                                                                                                         ships is US$432,069,883. Both contracts also
                                                                                                         include line items for nine additional ships, sub-
                                                                                                         ject to Congressional appropriation of each
This is how the “Rio Segre” will look like           are planned under the current contract, five for    year’s Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Programme
after completion of construction at                  the Navy (JHSV 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10) and five for      requirements. When all 10 ships of each block
Astilleros Gondán for the Maritime Service           the Army (JHSV 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9). The Navy          buy are awarded, the value of the ship con-
of the Spanish Guardia Civil.
(Graphic: Courtesy of Astilleros Gondán)             ships will have crews of 21, while the Army         struction portion of the two contracts would be
                                                     plans to have larger crews composed of soldiers.    US$3,620,625,192 for Lockheed Martin Corp.
                                                     The keel for the first joint high-speed vessel,     and US$3,518,156,851 for Austal USA. The
which are entrusted by their Governments sim-        USAV “Spearhead” (JHSV 1) which will be             average cost of both variants including Gov-
ilar missions. Gondán Shipyards has brought to       used by the US Army, was laid by Austal USA         ernment-furnished equipment and margin for
bear all experience in the development of the-       in Mobile, Alabama last July (we reported). She     potential cost growth across the five year peri-
ses patrol missions, supported by other boats that   is scheduled to be delivered to the Army’s 7th      od is US$440M per ship. The pricing for these
remain operational in similar missions in dif-       Sustainment Brigade in 2012. The vessels are        ships falls well below the escalated average Con-
ferent parts of the world, such as the SAR boats     intended for fast intra-theatre transportation of   gressional cost cap of US$538M. This award is
“Bisma” and “Baladewa” built for the Marine          troops, military vehicles and equipment for mis-    a unique opportunity to maximise the buying
Police of Indonesia, the patrol boats “Shupavu”      sions ranging from contingency operations and       power on the LCS Programme by leveraging the
(P 3129) and “Shujaa” (P 3130) built for the         humanitarian assistance, disaster relief and        highly effective competition between the bid-
Kenyan Navy, or the Patrol Boat “Fulmar” of          emerging seabasing concepts in austere port         ders. Each contractor’s 10-ship bids reflect
the Spanish Customs Service (Aduanas).               environments, said Navy officials.                  mature designs, investments made to improve
                      (wl unofficial translation                      (wl based on       performance, stable production, and continuous
                        from           The US Navy announced that the nuclear air-      labor learning at their respective shipyards. The
                                                     craft carrier USS “Nimitz” (CVN 68) will be         award was based on limited competition
US Navy: The Chief of Naval Operations has           homeported at Naval Station Everett, Wash.,         between teams led by Lockheed Martin and
approved the Navy’s joint high speed vessel          upon completion of the ship’s docking planned       Austal USA. Under these contracts, both ship-
(JHSV) crewing approach developed by Mili-           incremental availability (DPIA) maintenance at      builders will also deliver a technical data pack-
tary Sealift Command (MSC). Because the ships        Bremerton, Wash., in December 2011. After a         age as part of the dual award, allowing the gov-
are new and could conduct a wide variety of mis-     thorough analysis and review of related factors,    ernment a wide range of viable alternatives for
sions, MSC determined that the best course of        Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus decided to          effective future competition. This approach,
action is to institute a pilot programme where       homeport “Nimitz” in Everett following the          which is self-financed within the programme by
the first two vessels (JHSV 2 and JHSV 4) will       departure of USS “Abraham Lincoln” (CVN 72)         adding a year to the procurement and utilising a
be crewed with civil service mariners, and the       in early fiscal 2012 for a four-year refuelling     portion of the greater than US$2Bn total savings
following three will be crewed with civilian con-    complex overhaul (RCOH) in Hampton Roads,           (throughout the Future Years Defense Program),
tract mariners. “Crewing the first two JHSVs         Va. “Abraham Lincoln” is presently deployed         enables the Navy to efficiently produce these
with civil service Mariners will give us the expe-   to in the Central Command area of responsibil-      ships at an increased rate and meet operational
rience that MSC needs to best operate and main-      ity. “Nimitz” was homeported in San Diego           requirements sooner. The Navy remains com-
tain these new platforms”, said Commander            from Nov. 13, 2001, to Dec. 6, 2010, when the       mitted to a 55-ship programme and the LCS is
MSC Rear Adm. Mark H. ‘Buz’ Buzby. MSC               ship administratively shifted homeport to Bre-      needed to fill critical, urgent warfighting require-
presently uses both crewing models for its ships.    merton for the duration of its year-long mainte-    ments gaps that exist today. The LCS Pro-
The first Navy JHSV, USNS “Vigilant”, is             nance period. The Navy’s decision to homeport       gramme is required to establish and maintain US
scheduled to be delivered to MSC in fiscal year      “Nimitz” in Everett ensures long-term strategic     Navy dominance in the littorals and sea lanes of
2013, and the second, USNS “Fall River”, is          dispersal of aircraft carriers on the West Coast    communication choke points around the world.
scheduled to be delivered in fiscal year 2014.       and yields estimated cost savings and avoidance     The LCS Programme operational requirements
The crews will arrive on the ships before they       totalling more than US$100M. “Nimitz”               have been virtually unchanged since the pro-
are turned over to the Navy. A total of 10 JHSVs     crewmembers who opted not to move family            gram’s inception in 2002 and the both hull forms

118                                                                                                                                  NAVAL FORCES I/2011

will meet the Navy’s operational warfighting          on the time line that NLOS would have arrived,      units following one per year – that is if the capac-
requirements.                                         keeping the package intact.” Griffin will enable    ity is there as also construction of a KILO Impr
   The US Navy is considering big changes to          LCS to engage small boats at close range, Pan-      (pr 636.3) submarine for the Russian has start-
the mission modules for its littoral combat ship      dolfe said. The shorter range missile will likely   ed. In any case, the Viëtnamese Navy will
(LCS), including fielding the GRIFFIN missile         be fielded starting in 2015, with an over-the-      become a local player not to be ignored, with
and axing a helicopter mounted anti-mine can-         horizon one arriving in 2017, according to one      two pr 11661 “Gepard” class frigates building
non, the Navy’s Director of Surface Warfare           of the presentation slides Pandolfe used.           at Zelenodolsk Shipyard and the first two of 10
Rear Admiral Pandolfe (N86) announced Janu-                                                               ordered TARANTUL-V corvettes building at
ary 11th. The rapid airborne mine clearance sys-      Venezuelan Navy: Venezuela’s bid to buy             the Vympel Shipyard in Rybinsk.                 (wl)
tem (RAMICS), a Northrop Grumman system               Russian submarines has been renewed after col-
being tested as part of the mine counter-measure      lapsing in the spring of 2009. Caracas had sought
module of LCS, “has slid to the right, and it is      up to four KILO (pr 636) boats under a US$1Bn
not testing well, but it is an expensive pro-         deal but the deal collapsed for unknown reasons
gramme”, Rear Adm. Frank Pandolfe said in a           and the boats are believed to have been sold to
                                                                                                          PART II:
speech at the national symposium of the Surface       Viëtnam. However, President Hugo Chavez has         NAVAL INDUSTRY
Navy Association. The system features a 30mm          recently indicated that negotiations have
gun designed to detonate floating and shallow-        reopened, possibly because Russia wants to
water mines. It fires an armor-piercing tracer        maintain its export submarine business. Cara-
round, outfitted with fins that vaporises the water   cas is also interested in improving its amphibi-       Abeking & Rasmussen Shipyard (A&R):
in front of it and reduces drag, according to a       ous warfare capability and is conducting stud-      The first SWATH@A&R-type Patrol Boat
Northrop Grumman factsheet on the weapon.             ies for a dock landing ship. These began a decade   worldwide was christened January 20th at A&R
But the delay in testing has put the system in the    ago and Caracas has blown hot and cold over         in Lemwerder. Mrs. Nellija Kleinberga, Mayor
crosshairs. Pandolfe said the Navy is now con-        them but now wants a ship which can move up         of the Latvian town Skrunda, dropped the bot-
sidering replacing it with another mine shooter,      to 750 troops with their equipment. Meanwhile,      tle of champagne onto the bow and named the
the Airborne Mine Neutralisation System               the last of four “Guaicapuro” (POVZEE) class        vessel “Skrunda”. “Skrunda” is the first vessel
(AMNS): “What we’re looking at adapting the           offshore patrol vessels, the ARBV “Karin”, was      ordered by the Latvian Navy of a series of five
AMNS, to not only neutralise bottom mines, but        launched by NAVANTIA’s yard in Puerto Real          vessels of the well proven 25m SWATH@A&R
to work up in the water column and also do shal-      last July. These and four “Guaicamacuto” (BVL)      design of A&R. In co-operation with Riga Ship-
low and surface mines”, Pandolfe told the SNA         class patrol vessels were ordered in November       yard, the vessels are being built in Riga and
audience. “If that works, and the prelim testing      2005.            (Courtesy of Naval Spy Glass)      Lemwerder. The new vessels feature a modular
is very promising, then we may not need RAM-                                                              mission bay at the fore ship. By fitting appro-
ICS. That would allow us to streamline the pro-       Viëtnamese Navy: Finally this Navy will             priate mission payloads, such as a diving mod-
gramme, save money and go to a single kill vehi-      become a submarine operator – the acquisition       ule or an MCM module, the capabilities of the
cle.” AMNS is a Raytheon-built mine killer that       in 1997 of two North Korean “Sang-O” or even
features a helicopter-deployed sled. The heli-        smaller “Yugo” class midget submarines has             The first-of-series SWATH@A&R-type patrol
copter crew acquires the mine with a vehicle          never been confirmed – following the keel-lay-      vessels worldwide of five patrol vessels ordered
                                                                                                           by the Latvian Navy was christened “Skrunda”
launched from the sled, and fires a ‘neutraliser’     ing of the first six KILO Impr submarines at                  at Abeking & Rasmussen Shipyard by
to destroy it, according to a Raytheon factsheet.     Admiralty Shipyards in St. Petersburg, with                 the Mayor of the Latvian town Skrunda.
Another anti-mine system is facing the axe. Pan-      delivery scheduled for end-2013 and subsequent                              (Photo: Courtesy of A&R)
dolfe said that the reliability of the remote mine-
hunting vehicle (RMS) – a diesel-powered,
semi-submersible sled that tows the AQS-20
sonar – is at “80 percent of where we need it to
be.” He added, “It’s on the right glide slope. It’s
getting lots of attention. We’re going to get
where we need to be.” On the surface warfare
module, the GRIFFIN missile might replace the
now-cancelled Non-Line of Sight (NLOS) mis-
sile, Pandolfe said. The Navy chose GRIFFIN,
a short-range missile designed for unmanned
aerial vehicles, after a six-month review of all
available and upcoming missiles. “The one that
we think is most promising is called GRIFFIN.
It’s a Raytheon missile”, Pandolfe said. “We
have proposed to our leadership that we replace
NLOS – or fill the hole created by the cancella-
tion of NLOS – with GRIFFIN, at first in a short-
er-range increment and then in a second incre-
ment which is longer range and more capable.
It would allow us to get the weapon in the fleet

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                      119

vessels can be enhanced flexibly. The decision        BAE Systems has secured a two year extended             AN/SQQ-32(V)4 minehunting sonar set with
for the SWATH concept was made in order to            agreement with Chilean ship build and repair            the high frequency wide band upgrade replaces
benefit from the extraordinary seaworthiness.         organisation ASMAR to provide support to the            the existing SQQ-32(V)3 detection sonar cur-
Offering extremely low movements in high              country’s Type 22 and Type 23 frigates in a             rently employed aboard the MCM-1 “Avenger”
seastate, superior to 3 – 4 times larger ships,       move that is set to enhance Chile’s naval capa-         class mine countermeasures vessels. This
“Skrunda” is still a compact vessel with small        bility. The agreement comes on the back of an           upgrade improves detection performance in the
machinery, low fuel consumption and a small           initial three year contract signed in 2007 and          littoral environment and against stealth mines.
crew. This combination offers a high availabil-       guarantees a core level of repair and mainte-           In addition to new detection sonar in the towed
ity at low life-cycle costs. Up to eight crew can     nance support to the frigates, with the scope to        body, the upgrade replaces the operator consoles
stay for one week at sea even under adverse           provide additional platform and combat systems          located in the Combat Information Centre. In
weather conditions to fulfil the main tasks of the    equipment upgrade work to the Armada de                 order to process the extensive data from new
new vessels, Patrol and Surveillance of territo-      Chile as required. Demonstrating the strength           high speed optical channels within the system,
rial waters and in the EEZ as well as participa-      of partnership between the companies, the agree-        these modernised operator consoles implement
tion in international assignments. Since the inno-    ment also seeks to transfer technology and skills,      a multiple computer server layout interfaced via
vative fending feature of the original                enabling ASMAR to progressively increase the            a 10Gbit communications network. With the
SWATH@A&R-type pilot boat design will be              proportion of work it conducts independently in         extensive use of COTs open system components
retained, the 25m SWATH@A&R Patrol Boats              Chile. The contract with ASMAR reflects the             within the consoles, life cycle costs are reduced
will be ideal for all types of boarding operations.   continued growth in BAE Systems’ support and            and incorporate a means for rapid technology
This delivery continues the SWATH@A&R                 services operations. It is the latest agreement in      insertion.
success story, as it is already the 12th vessel of    the defence firm’s long track record of working
the SWATH@A&R construction. Since 1999                in partnership with industry and navies around          Bell Helicopter, a Textron Inc. company and
several vessels with lengths of 25m, 40m, 50m         the world to enhance indigenous maritime capa-          Northrop Grumman Corporation announced
and 60m as Pilot Vessels, as a private-owned          bility. A key feature in the Company’s success          the successful test of FIRE-X, a new vertical
Motoryacht or service vessel for offshore wind-       in this area is its recognition of the need to devel-   unmanned system. Development and demon-
farms are in service worldwide.                       op tailored solutions that best meet the needs of       stration of FIRE-X is funded by Northrop Grum-
                                                      each partner. This is demonstrated in Greece,           man and Bell Helicopter. Both companies began
Airbus Military: On December 3rd, the first           where BAE Systems has invested in modern                work on this programme in early 2010 (we
P-3 ORION aircraft modified by Airbus Mili-           manufacturing facilities at its partner’s yard to       reported) and completed its first fully
tary for the Brazilian Air Force was inspected        deliver fast attack craft to the Hellenic Navy;         autonomous flight at Yuma Proving Ground,
by Brazilian Minister of Defence, Nelson Jobim,       and in the Gulf where it has established a joint        Ariz., less than a year after development began
during his official visit to Spain. The aircraft is   venture with Abu Dhabi Ship Building to pro-            on the project. To get to the first unmanned
the first of a fleet of nine which will undergo a     vide repair, maintenance and integrated logistic        flight, the team followed a strict timeline to
complete systems modernisation programme,             support to navies and commercial organisations          ‘power on’ the vehicle last September at Bell’s
including the installation of Airbus Military s       in the Middle East.                                     Xworx facility in Fort Worth, Texas. Modifica-
Fully Integrated Tactical System (FITS). As well         BAE Systems will deliver an upgraded mine-           tions were then accomplished to convert the Bell
as FITS, the aircraft will benefit from a power-      hunting sonar system to the US Navy for the             407 helicopter into an unmanned vehicle. Addi-
ful new suite of mission sensors, communica-          detection and classification of bottom and              tional flight tests and reliability data gathering
tions systems, and upgraded cockpit avionics.         moored sea mines. BAE Systems will provide              will be conducted along with a series of limited
The engines are being updated and, depending          four systems under a US$14M contract. The               internal cargo demonstrations. Integration and
on the condition of each individual air-
craft, the structures are being renovat-
ed to permit many more years of effec-
tive operation. The Brazilian Air Force
will use the aircraft for maritime
patrol, anti-submarine warfare, and
a range of civic missions including
economic exclusion zone enforce-
ment and search and rescue.

     The first Brazilian Air Forces P-3
ORION modernised by Airbus Military
       was inspected by the Brazilian
   Defence Minister. Depicted on that
 occasion are f.l.t.r.: Carmen Chacón,
  Spanish Minister of Defence; Nelson
 Jobim, Brazilian Minister of Defence;
      Lieutenant-General Juniti Saito,
Commander of the Brazilian Air Force;
           and Domingo Ureña-Raso,
    Managing Director Airbus Military.
   (Photo: Courtesy of Airbus Military)

120                                                                                                                                      NAVAL FORCES I/2011

flight of intelligence, surveillance and recon-
naissance (ISR) sensor payloads and cargo car-
rying capability demonstrations are planned next
year. The FIRE-X system integrates the mature
systems developed from the US Navy’s MQ-8B
FIRE SCOUT programme with the Bell 407
helicopter, a FAA-certified helicopter that’s
been in commercial service since 1996. The sys-
tem is designed to carry ISR sensors and offer
military users with a useful load of more than
3,200 pounds – for fuel, payloads and/or
enhanced cargo hauling capabilities. FIRE-X
will be able to conduct ISR missions up to 16
hours long and various cargo missions in sup-
port of US Marine Corps requirements. The
FIRE-X demonstration aircraft will still retain
the ability to be optionally piloted.               Latest computer rendering of the future F125         + Voss Naval GmbH, in Hamburg, Germany.
                                                    stabilisation frigate of the German Navy,            With its name, the TRS-4D symbolises the step
Carl Zeiss Optronics developed a Video Bore-        which will receive the TRS-4D/NR radar of            from the conventional system design of the TRS-
sight System for 57mm, 76mm and 127mm               (Graphic: Courtesy of ARGE F125)
                                                                                                         3D into a ‘new dimension’. The TRS-4D radar
naval guns. Among the later EO systems                                                                   is based on a new aerial concept and the latest
employed above water include the stabilised                                                              radar technology which, in comparison to con-
day/night MEOS II (M) sensor system (avail-         IETD. The concept was devised in collaboration       ventional radar systems, enables completely new
able as a naval surveillance / MEOS II S or naval   with partner company ESG, which supports             options for location and surveillance. For the
observation and targeting / MEOS II N system;       Germany’s P3-C ORION fleet. The new task             new F125 frigates, each radar is installed with
the ruggedized platform features a Gen III ther-    consists primarily in converting the present hard-   four fixed, i.e. non-rotating, aerial panels. The
mal imager, a high sensitivity daylight CCD         copy technical documentation for the P-3C ORI-       TRS-3D on the other hand works with a rotat-
zoom camera, and an eye-safe laser range find-      ON into SGML-based digital documentation             ing aerial. The radar works using the technolo-
er. Both systems can be operated as standalone      that can be displayed on a standardised brows-       gy of electronic beam scanning (E-Scan), which
units or connected to combat management sys-        er system (IETP-X Bw) and used interactively.        is deployed for both conventional, mechanical-
tems. MEOS II N offers a high-pulse laser range     The system constitutes a significant improve-        ly rotating aerials and immovably mounted radar
finder in addition to the standard sensor. Both     ment in terms of both usability and revision ser-    aerial panels such as those used on the F125.
systems can be fitted with an optional video tar-   vices: the maintenance personnel can access all      Four aerial panels are distributed here between
get tracking sytem. In the underwater domain,       documentation from a computer workplace or a         two ship’s masts, each carrying two panels. Due
the company continues to market the OMS 100         portable computer at any time, benefiting from       to the real-time electronic control of the beam,
Optronic Mast System (non-penetrating) with a       all the advantages of digitisation such as search    this radar can carry out several reconnaissance
rotatable sensor head, remote controlled via a      functions, direct links to follow-up instructions,   tasks at the same time. For example, it can do a
multi-functional combat system console. I com-      and possibility of enlarging image details. Over     long-range scan of the sea and airspace while
bination with the newly-designed SERO 400           30,000 pages of text and image documents are         simultaneously concentrating on tracking indi-
periscope (hull penetrating) the OMS 100 pro-       being revised, digitised and newly created for       vidual targets. In comparison to conventional
vides improved navigation and observation           the IETD at CASSIDIAN Air Systems in                 radars it thus achieves a significantly higher sur-
capability also as upgrade for in-service sub-      Manching. The task is to be completed by 2013.       veillance and detection efficiency and reliabili-
marines. (wl based on a trip report by STN)         Since the introduction of the P-3C ORION CUP         ty. The radar’s performance is essentially based
                                                    maritime patrol aircraft, which was acquired         on numerous transmitter and receiver modules
CASSIDIAN has been commissioned with                from the Dutch Navy in 2006, system support          in the aerial, which are made from materials
compiling Interactive Electronic Technical          has been performed by the P-3C system support        especially suitable for high frequencies. CAS-
Documentation (IETD) for the German Navy’s          consortium comprising CASSIDIAN Air Sys-             SIDIAN is a pioneer of this technology in
P-3C ORION CUP maritime patrol aircraft. The        tems and ESG. Besides technical and logistical       Europe. It supports the production of the most
corresponding contract, worth a total of around     support (which includes compiling and updat-         varied beam shapes – a feature which contributes
€15M, was signed by the German Federal Office       ing the documentation), CASSIDIAN Air Sys-           to its operational performance and flexibility.
of Defence Technology and Procurement               tems is responsible for maintaining the aircraft     This technology also takes account of the
(BWB) and the respective Business Unit              and providing development engineering support.       requirements for intensive use on board the F125
CASSIDIAN Air Systems. The choice of                   CASSIDIAN, the recently renamed defence           frigates. From 2016, the four F125 frigates of
CASSIDIAN for compiling the P-3C IETD fur-          and security division of EADS, is equipping the      the “Baden-Württemberg” class should replace
thermore constitutes a trailblasing prerequisite    German Navy’s new F125 stabilisation frigates        the F122 “Bremen” class frigates.
for updating the P3-C documentation in the years    with their newly developed TRS-4D/NR radar,
to come. CASSIDIAN Air Systems prevailed            which detects movements on the sea and in the        CASSIDIAN and ATLAS Elektronik
over numerous national and international com-       air with previously unattainable precision. CAS-     announced the completion of the merger of their
petitors in a Europe-wide RfP by virtue of its      SIDIAN has received an order for four naval          subsidiaries Sofrelog and ATLAS Maritime
economically attractive concept for creating an     radars and one land-based system from Blohm          Security. The new company named SIGNALIS

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                    121

officially started operating as such in January       Converteam has been awarded a significant
2011. After signing of the shareholders agree-        order from Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuild-
ment in June, and approval from the European          ing (DSNS) to supply an Integrated Vessel Ener-
Commission in October, the final anti-trust           gy Plant (IVEP) solution for the Royal Nether-
clearance has been obtained in December 2010,         lands Navy’s new Joint Support Ship (JSS). The
on time for the scheduled closing date. SIG-          JSS is a multi-functional platform for maritime
NALIS, the world leading provider of maritime         support, strategic sea lift and seabased missions
safety and security solutions will take the form      in open ocean and littoral waters, to be built at
of a strong and flexible Small and Medium             Damen Shipyards for delivery in July 2014.
Enterprises (SME) tailored to meet specific cus-      Converteam will design and supply an optimised
tomer needs in this market. It will be co-owned       electric power and propulsion solution imple-
by CASSIDIAN (60%) and ATLAS Elektron-                menting latest drive technologies and user-
ik (40%). The company will have two Manag-            friendly interfaces. Converteam’s integrated           Crypto Desktop HC-9300:
ing Directors: Rémi Julien, acting as Chief Exec-     electric package includes power generation             safe investment in information security.
utive Officer, and Dr. Arnd Helmetag, acting as       (25,000kW in total) and distribution, main elec-
Chief Operating Officer. SIGNALIS will look           tric propulsion with two slow-speed induction          long-term investment. Of course, HC-9300 is
resolutely into the future whilst capitalising on     motors – 8,900kW each – thruster electric sys-         also based on the unique security architecture of
a total workforce of over 190 highly skilled mar-     tems and an Energy Management System. This             Crypto AG. Among other elements, this archi-
itime surveillance specialists in Germany and         solution offers main advantages such as high           tecture features tamper-proof hardware encryp-
France, as well as on its large customer base with    efficiency, low noise and vibration levels, oper-      tion modules, user-specific algorithms, protec-
more than 210 systems in use in some 50 coun-         ating flexibility, increased availability and cost     tion against compromising emissions, and
tries. It will have the required financial strength   savings. Besides, this electric propulsion solu-       immunity.
to deliver the large-scale security solutions         tion contributes to reducing exhaust emissions,
required by governments and other maritime            therefore minimising ecological footprint. Con-        Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding (DSNS):
users throughout the world. The new company           verteam has equipped significant vessels for           A three-year, 29-vessel contract came to an end
will address markets worldwide with innova-           world’s leading Navies (Royal Navy, US Navy,           as the last tugboat of the huge Serco contract was
tive, reliable and cost effective products rang-      French Navy, Korean Navy, Australian Navy)             named SD “Deborah” at the Damen headquar-
ing from small-scale Vessel Traffic Service           and offers solutions ranging from feasibility          ters in Gorinchem last December 3rd. Due to be
(VTS) systems to high-performance Coastal             studies to full turnkey solutions and long term        deployed at Devenport, one of the main bases
Surveillance Systems (CSS). It will also provide      performance based maintenance contracts.               of the British Royal Navy, the SD “Deborah”
solutions for harbour security, port management                                                              was the smallest ASD tug in the order, which
and information systems, as well as other relat-      CRYPTO AG: Calls and faxes are rarely rout-            has included pilot boats, tugboats, high-speed
ed radar processing applications. Therefore it        ed over analogue point-to-point connections            craft, barges and a worldwide support vessel.
will benefit from its capability to integrate the     anymore. Instead, the provider digitalises them        The 16 Damen vessel types included in the order
latest sensor systems, communications, and data       and switches them through IP-based networks.           ranged between 39.3-ft and 282-ft. They have
processing technologies. In order to set a joint      Only a fraction of phone and fax users probably        been built at Damen-owned shipyards in the
and prominent landmark, the new SIGNALIS              even know that. This method has effects on the         Netherlands, Poland and Romania. In Decem-
brand will regroup all activities of Sofrelog and     security of the transported information because        ber 2007, Serco placed the multi-vessel order
ATLAS Maritime Security. The word Signal,             global digital networking makes risks all-pre-         with Damen Shipyards Gorinchem to enable the
the first part of SIGNALIS, is referencing to sig-    sent. An organisation where sensitive informa-         international services group to support the Roy-
nal processing, one of the core technologies that     tion is part of daily business therefore has to pro-   al Navy at its bases in Portsmouth, Devonport
the company is offering. The ending IS reflects       tect its entire office communication with a uni-       and the Clyde. Serco operates and owns 110 ves-
information systems and signifies that the com-       formly high level of security. Crypto AG devel-        sels at the three naval ports under a 15-year con-
plex maritime traffic information can only be         ops encryption platforms to address this prob-         tract. One of the reasons Serco chose Damen for
made useful to the operator with latest comput-       lem. Its hardware can encrypt different proto-         such a large contract was because everything
er technology. The new name has been inspired         cols homogeneously with several security appli-        can be done from one location. Around 50 peo-
by the fact that systems from SIGNALIS are able       cations and is already designed to meet future         ple (out of a total Damen engineering staff of
to combine and synthesise signals from multi-         needs. Until recently, each application required       150) have worked on the engineering side but
ple sensors on remote locations, analyse and sig-     a specific encryption solution. Now a single unit      Serco only needed to have two to three project
nalise specific event on waterways and create sit-    suffices: the Crypto Desktop HC-9300 encryp-           engineers assigned for the supervision because
uation awareness for the people whose mission         tion platform. HC-9300 is capable of encrypt-          the process is easily controllable. Everything can
is to ensure maritime safety and security. A new      ing current and future office communication            be streamlined through one location. Damen tai-
logo was also introduced: It contains two circles     applications. The security applications Voice          lor-made every vessel to perfectly suit the naval
symbolising protective barriers, and a ship enter-    Encryption Office, Fax Encryption, File Encryp-        contract. SD “Deborah” has two Rolls-Royce
ing this area. It thus represents safety and secu-    tion and E-mail Encryption are simply imple-           US 155CP fully steerable propulsion units and
rity, the ultimate objective of systems from SIG-     mented as software modules as required. If new         it is fitted with a bow thruster. Thrusters of this
NALIS. The technical aspects of the products are      needs arise later, they can be satisfied with no       type, in combination with controllable pitch pro-
depicted by concentric waves and an orange            difficulty thanks to the pre-planned product           pellers, make the SD “Deborah” highly manoeu-
coloured radar segment. The new logo integrates       improvement approach Crypto takes. That is             vrable during all towing and pushing operations.
style elements of the two merging parties.            why the purchase of HC-9300 is decidedly a             The vessel has achieved a Bollard Pull of 23.8

122                                                                                                                                     NAVAL FORCES I/2011

tons and a speed of 11.5 knots during sea trials.                                                                              tème de Lutte Anti-mine
Two Caterpillar 3508B diesel main engines                                                                                      Futur) programme destined
generate 2,000bhp. The tugboat can transport up                                                                                to succeed the present mine-
to 12 passengers, as well as cargo and it can                                                                                  hunters of the Marine
transfer fresh water and provide fire fighting and                                                                             Nationale, so the USV will be
water spraying facilities. Other details include                                                                               put in operation by an anti-
special grey fendering rather than the tradition-                                                                              mine mother vessel.     (wl)
al black, and the tug is fitted with underwater
fendering for when it has to work alongside sub-                                                                               Elettronica: The first pro-
marines. The contract was handled by SD                                                                                        duction contract for the new
Marine Services, the procurement company of                                                                                    self-protection system against
Serco under a Private Finance Initiative (PFI)                                                                                 the IR-guided missiles, joint-
contract with the British Ministry of Defence.                                                                                 ly developed by Elettronica
This is the first PFI ever carried out in the marine                                                                           and Elbit El-Op to meet an
industry.                                                                                                                      Italian Defence requirement,
                                                                                                                               was finally signed. The sys-
DCNS unveiled at Euronaval 2010 its new-gen-                                                                                   tem is the two-turret ELT/572
eration BRAVE (Bâtiment RAVitailleur                   One of two USV prototypes developed for the         DIRCM and, according to the three-year
d’Escadre) underway replenishment tanker and           Future Anti-mine Warfare programme SLANF            €25.4M order, it will be delivered starting in
support vessel under development for both the          under a contract awarded by DGA to DCNS,            2013, initially equipping Italian Air Force’s C-
                                                       ECA and THALES to be deployed by the
French Navy and international customers. The           mother ship is the “Sterenne Du” (black star
                                                                                                           27J and C-130J aircraft and the AW-101 CSAR
BRAVE support vessel is the latest addition to         in Breton) unmanned catamaran built by              helicopters. The system employs a fibre laser
DCNS’s product portfolio. The multi-purpose            Pech’Alu near Hennebont in Bretany/Morbihan         with the exciter placed within a small pod, rather
BRAVE concept caters for missions currently            north-east of Lorient.                              than directly into the turret. The turret itself has
performed by up to three types of French Navy          (Photo: Courtesy of DCNS via Mer et Marine)         a fixed dome, so helping in reduce weight and
ships, including underway replenishment of dry                                                             complexity, and to increase reliability. Accord-
goods, munitions and fuels along with at-sea           “Sterenne Du” (which is Black Star in Breton)       ing to Elettronica, the fibre laser-based DIRCM
maintenance and repairs. According to DCNS             was launched at Pech’Alu near Hennebont in          has a 1,000 hour MTBF, a value so far
studies, four BRAVE vessels would enable the           Bretany/Morbihan north-east of Lorient. The         unmatched by other DIRCM types. This system
French Navy to reduce its support fleet and            unmanned catamaran which is primarily               also could be integrated on other platforms, as
crews by 50 percent while increasing total pay-        designed for anti-mine operations can carry two     the ATR-72 patrol aircraft, maybe the CH-47F
load by 30 percent and cutting operating costs.        large USV capable of automatically deploying        helicopters and even the KC-767 tankers. The
The BRAVE concept has been designed from               several sonars, AUVs to classify and identify the   ELT/572 results from a co-operation programme
the outset with international customers in mind.       mines, and small ROV for mine neutralisation,       started in 2007 and the first prototype was pre-
The basic design can be adapted to yield ver-          as reported by Mer et Marine. However, further      sented at the Le Bourget aerospace exhibition in
sions with a length overall ranging from 165 to        investigation revealed that the “Sterenne Du”       2009. Then followed full flight tests on differ-
195m. Shipboard volumes and areas can also be          drone is 17m long and 7.5m wide and has a dis-      ent platforms. The two companies also will co-
readily tailored to increase tank capacities or        placement of 25 tons and was developed as one       operate in the marketing of the system, which
accommodate a naval force command team,                of two prototypes of the USV under a contract       has the commercial advantage to be ‘ITAR free’
troops and equipment or additional hospital beds       by the Direction Générale de l’Armement             (not containing US technologies) on the inter-
for humanitarian missions.                             (DGA) awarded to DCNS, ECA, and                     national markets.
   During the night of December 8/9 the                THALES. The objective is to validate the con-                    (Courtesy of our sister magazine
Unmanned Vehicles Carrier Prototype                    cept of operation defined in the SLANF (Sys-                       RIVISTA ITALIANA DIFESA)

Artist impression of the
BRAVE underway
replenishment tanker
unveiled by DCNS
during Euronaval
Courtesy of DCNS)

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                       123

Eurocopter’s X3 high-speed hybrid helicopter          sile ran nominally: target designation transmis-
demonstrator, which performed its maiden flight       sion to the SAMP/T firing control system, tar-
last September 6th (we reported), has reached on      get acquisition by the ARABEL radar, engage-
November 29th the programme’s Step 1 speed            ment sequence and firing decision, ASTER mis-
objective: attaining a true airspeed of 180 knots     sile flight sequence and guidance through to tar-
(333km/h) in level flight at a reduced level of       get interception. The target was intercepted at
engine power. This performance was obtained           the intended range. For this firing, the SAMP/T
at the DGA Flight Test base in Istres, France. In     system comprised the Engagement Module, the
the flight testing performed thus far, the flight     ARABEL Radar and Identification Module with
envelope has been opened with and without             its Electrical Generation Unit, a Vertical Launch
autopilot to validate the basic hybrid demon-         Unit and the ASTER 30 Block1 Missile. This
strator aircraft’s stability and handling charac-     successful firing is not only a demonstration of
teristics.                                            the dual capability of SAMP/T to intercept both
   The X3 has reached an altitude of 12,500-ft        conventional and ballistic threats but also of its
(3,810m) and performed manoeuvres with left           ability to provide one of the key elements of the
and right turns at bank angles of up to 60 degrees.   future European defence architecture discussed
Having already surpassed the speed of a tradi-        at the recent NATO conference in Lisbon.               The new Fischer UltiMate™ Original Series of
tional helicopter, the next milestone for the                                                                rugged interconnectors introduced by Swiss
demonstrator is the Step 2 phase at Eurocopter’s      Fincantieri: he second tanker for the Indian           manufacturer Fischer Interconnectors
headquarters in Marignane, France, where the          Navy was launched at Fincantieri’s Sestri              is immune to even the toughest elements
                                                                                                             including fog, salt spray, sand and moisture.
X3 will enter a second set of flight tests during     Ponente Shipyards in Genoa. The ship was               (Photo: Courtesy of Fischer Interconnectors)
which it is expected to reach sustained cruise        named “Shakti” (the Sanskrit word meaning
speeds in excess of 220 knots. The X3 utilises a      power, energy, strength) and will be delivered
Eurocopter DAUPHIN helicopter airframe. It is         in autumn, 2011. As its sister ship “Deepak”,          Series include rugged, miniature and ultra-light
equipped with two turboshaft engines that pow-        launched last February and currently being fit-        design, extremely robust keying, high shock and
er a five-blade main rotor system, along with         ted out, the “Shakti” is 175m long, 25m wide,          vibration resistance, excellent shielding, and ulti-
two propellers installed on shortspan fixed           19m high, has a 27,500 tons full-loaded dis-           mate sealing level IP68/69K even unmated with
wings. This hybrid configuration creates an           placement, and a power plant featuring a single        Fischer’s new facilitated cable assembly solu-
advanced transportation system that offers the        variable pitch propeller driven by two 10,000kW        tions. Fischer UltiMate™ Original Series is per-
speed of a turboprop-powered aircraft and the         diesel engines for a maximum speed of 20 knots.        fectly suited for harsh environment applications
full hover flight capabilities of a helicopter. The   Accommodation for 248 persons is provided on           where ruggedness and extreme reliability are
X3 combines excellent vertical takeoff and land-      board, for the officers, sailors and additional per-   paramount. Its four extremely robust mechani-
ing capabilities with fast cruise speeds of more      sonnel. With an IMO-issued Marpol rules-com-           cal codings, allowing an easy mating even in the
than 220 knots. Eurocopter envisions a wide           pliant double hull construction these AOR ships        dark, are complete with visual coding to prevent
range of applications for this concept, including     can simultaneously refuel up to three ships: two       misconnection. The push-pull connector is avail-
long-distance search and rescue (SAR) missions,       side-by-side for fuel and materials supply, and        able in a wide range of body styles, sizes and
Coast Guard duties, border patrol missions, pas-      the third astern only for fuel resupply. To            configurations including multi-pole contacts
senger transportation and inter-city shuttle ser-     increase the load capacity, the ship also can car-     from 2 to 42 poles. The compact product design
vices. It could also be well-tailored for military    ry eight standard 20’ containers on the deck. The      with short plugs, small and easy to handle and
missions in Special Forces’ operations, troop         “Deepak” and “Shakti” tankers also have a flight       low profile receptacles makes it perfect for con-
transportation, combat SAR and medical evac-          deck for the take-off and landing operations of        nected devices with restricted space require-
uation                                                helicopters weighting up to 10 tons, and are           ments. The housing is available in grey natural
                                                      armed with four CIWS (Close In Weapon Sys-             chrome and black anti-reflective body coating.
EUROSAM: Within the framework of the                  tem) Tulamashzavod AK-630 equipped with 6-             Thanks to its new one-piece plug body design
Famille de systèmes Sol-Air Futur (Family of          barrel rotating 30 mm guns; furthermore, there         associated with cable assembly containing high-
Surface to Air Systems) FSAF development pro-         are provisions for the use of man-portable sur-        ly performing epoxy potting, Fischer UltiMate™
gramme whose goal is to provide the Sol Air           face-to-air missile systems.                           Original Series is IP68/69K sealed even unmat-
Moyenne Portée Terrestre (Ground-to-Air                            (Courtesy of our sister magazine          ed, tested according to IEC norm 60529. The
Medium Range/Land ) SAMP/T system with an                            RIVISTA ITALIANA DIFESA)                Original Series is also complete with EMC 360°
anti-tactical ballistic missile defence capability,                                                          high performance shielding. Made of special
EUROSAM (a joint concern involving MBDA               Fischer Connectors, Swiss specialist for con-          high resistant aluminium, Fischer UltiMate™
and THALES acting as prime contractor and             nectors, announced new interconnect solutions          Original Series is 50 percent lighter than typical
design authority for the SAMP/T surface-to-air        Fischer UltiMate™ Original Series specially            brass connectors. This new line of connectors is
defence system) carried out a system firing at        designed for a broad range of harsh environment        immune to even the toughest elements includ-
the Direction Générale de l’Armement (DGA             applications. The new Original Series offers           ing fog, salt spray (5% 35°C, MIL STD-202
EM) test range located in Biscarrosse (south          rugged, compact, lightweight, sealed connec-           Method101A), sand, and moisture. It is able to
west France) last October 18th. The target used       tors and cable assembly solutions ideally suited       withstand extreme temperature fluctuations
for the firing was representative of a medium-        to withstand a variety of severe environmental,        from -55°C to +135°C. With its high shock and
range ballistic missile. All successive phases of     industrial and chemical conditions. Major fea-         vibration resistance, the Original Series offers
the operational engagement of a ballistic mis-        tures of the new Fischer UltiMate™ Original            an effective solution to any critical harsh envi-

124                                                                                                                                      NAVAL FORCES I/2011

ronment application. Its long lifetime usage is     IMTECH has received orders for new and exist-        state-of-the-art version. The first ship will be
guaranteed for 10,000 mating cycles. Fischer        ing ships from the Royal Netherlands Navy and        ready in 2012 and the second in 2014.
Connectors provides complete, easy to assem-        Belgian Navy worth over US$37.6M. Damen                 IMTECH Marine & Offshore and VSTEP
ble, turnkey solutions – connectors, cable assem-   Schelde Naval Shipbuilding (DSNS) in                 announced their cooperation to deliver innova-
blies and overmolding – all from one supplier.      Vlissingen), builder of the new logistic support     tive maritime training simulators. The partner-
Cable assembly solutions are available in both      ship “Karel Doorman” of the Royal Netherlands        ship combines IMTECH’s worldwide experi-
straight and right angle overmolding. For ulti-     Navy, granted IMTECH the November 23rd con-          ence in maritime systems and VSTEP’s innov-
mate protection of unmated connectors in the        tract for the design, production, delivery and       ative 3D simulation technology to introduce a
field, Fischer also developed molded soft IP68      implementation of various technological solu-        new range of high-end maritime simulators
sealing caps.                                       tions on board this Joint Support Ship (JSS).        which are affordable, maintainable and adapt-
                                                    IMTECH also obtained orders for a technolog-         able for both the profit and non-profit market.
General Atomics on December 20th celebrated         ical upgrade of the Royal Netherlands Navy’s         The cooperation was launched at the NIDV
a milestone with the launch of an F/A-18E air-      supply vessel Hr. Ms. “Amsterdam” dating from        (Netherlands Industries for Defence & Securi-
craft using the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch     1995, and a technological upgrade of two M-          ty) Symposium & Exhibition 2010 using the
System (EMALS), at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-          type frigates owned by the Belgian Navy. Tech-       theme ‘Partners in Technology’. The partner-
Lakehurst, N.J. EMALS is the catapult launch        nology for the Royal Netherlands Navy’s JSS          ship starts off with a cost-effective DNV Class
system that is being designed for CVN-78 class      “Karel Doorman”: She will replace the supply         A-compliant bridge for maritime training
aircraft carriers, replacing the steam catapults    ship Hr. Ms. “Zuiderkruis” which dates from          schools, Naval Academies and ship owners. Fur-
used on the current generation of aircraft carri-   1975. With a water displacement of nearly            ther areas of cooperation include joint solution
ers. As the EMALS prime contractor, GA was          28,000 tons and measuring 672.5-ft in length,        development and marketing, participation in
awarded a contract to produce the new catapult      this is one of the biggest naval ships ever built    military tenders and projects. Customers can be
for CVN 78 in June 2009. The first components       in the Netherlands. The vessel’s primary tasks       served worldwide through the network of 70
of the EMALS equipment are scheduled for            involves supplying Dutch naval ships and/or the      IMTECH Marine offices along the world’s sea
delivery in 2011.                                   fleet with which it is operating, and transporting   lines of communication and VSTEP’s offices in
                                                    heavy and/or special equipment to support land       The Netherlands and North America.
General Dynamics Electric Boat has been             operations from the sea. Furthermore, the ves-
awarded a US$7.4M contract modification by          sel can also be used for humanitarian relief oper-   L-3 Link Simulation & Training (L-3 Link)
the US Navy to develop advanced submarine           ations and civil assignments such as disaster        announced that for the first time ever its recent-
technologies for current and future undersea        relief. In total, the ship can accommodate 300       ly upgraded F/A-18C/D HORNET Tactical
platforms. Under this award Electric Boat will      crew members. The ship has a helicopter deck         Operational Flight Trainers (TOFTs) have the
perform advanced submarine research and             for two helicopters, a loading and unloading         capability of assisting the US Navy in identify-
development studies in support of a wide range      facility for landing craft and various radar, com-   ing and correcting potential aircraft operational
of technology areas including manufacturing,        munications and defence systems. IMTECH is           flight programme software deficiencies. Twen-
maintenance, survivability, hydrodynamics,          responsible for the platform automation (the         ty-five F/A-18C/D TOFTs have been upgraded
acoustics and materials. Electric Boat also will    heart of the ship), the fully automated integrat-    with 21X Operational Flight Program (OFP)
conduct research and development work in areas      ed bridge, the majority of the power supply and      System Configuration Sets, the same software
such as manning, hull integrity, performance,       various electrical and communications solutions.     used on HORNET platforms, and an additional
ship control, logistics, weapons handling and       The ship will be delivered to the Royal Nether-      six trainers will be upgraded by the end of 2010.
safety. The contract also supports near-term        lands Navy in 2014. Technological upgrade of         Software upgrades to the TOFTs and HORNET
“Virginia” class technology insertion, identifi-    Hr. Ms. “Amsterdam” for the Royal Netherlands        aircraft were done in parallel to ensure concur-
cation of “Ohio” class replacement technology       Navy: With a contract from the Defence Mate-         rent deployment to the fleet. The software
options, future submarine concepts and core         rial Organisation, IMTECH is upgrading the           enables F/A-18C/D aircrews to undertake tar-
technologies. If all options are exercised and      hardware and software of the existing platform       get designation, weapons deployment and real-
funded, the contract has a potential value of       automation on board dating from 1995. This           time mission assessment when operating a
US$711.4M over a total of five years. This work     involves the replacement of computers, the           TOFT or flying a HORNET during an actual
will help support the more 3,000 design and         inclusion of new fibre-optic technology and the      mission. US Navy and US Marine Corps
engineering personnel employed at Electric          implementation of new processors as well as          HORNET F/A-18C/D aircrews are able to prac-
Boat.                                               measurement and control solutions, which will        tice essential training and readiness tasks in the
                                                    include appropriate new and faster software.         TOFTs prior to undertaking an actual mission.
Hatteland Display AS has secured a contract         This will significantly improve the ship’s plat-     These high-fidelity trainers are used to reinforce
from the German Navy to equip the F125              form functionality. The project will be com-         a full range of aircrew warfighting skills, includ-
frigates with newly developed computer mod-         pleted in 2012. Technological upgrade of two         ing air-to-air and air-to-ground tactical employ-
ules. Delivery will include 160 MIL-approved        M-type frigates for the Belgian Navy: IMTECH         ment, air refuelling, carrier operations, and nor-
computers for the automation and control sys-       is providing the technological upgrade of an         mal and emergency procedures training.
tem of the stabilisation frigate, fulfilling the    existing integrated control and monitoring sys-         L-3 Link Simulation & Training (L-3 Link)
comprehensive requirements such as compet-          tem on board these multi-purpose frigates. The       announced January 6th that the US Navy has
itive commercial package, MIL specification,        entire system, consisting of numerous linked         unconditionally accepted five P-3C ORION
DC power, space saving installation, and 19’        computer systems distributed throughout the          Tactical Operational Readiness Trainers
rack installation.                                  ship which control and monitor all platform tech-    (TORTs). These training devices enable ORI-
          (wl based on a trip report by STN)        nology on board, is being replaced by a new          ON aircrews to practice acquiring information

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                    125

from the platform’s sensor systems and using           Lockheed Martin: December 4th the Lockheed          cent complete. Now formally christened and
the data and communications with other plat-           Martin-led industry team launched the nation’s      launched, “Fort Worth” will continue to under-
forms to execute intelligence, surveillance and        third Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), “Fort Worth”,     go outfitting and testing at Marinette Marine
reconnaissance; anti-submarine warfare; and            at the Marinette Marine shipyard. Just prior to     before delivery to the Navy in 2012. In addition
anti-surface warfare missions. The P-3C TORT           launching the 389-ft LCS-3 into the Menomi-         to Marinette Marine Corporation, a Fincantieri
is designed to match the aircraft’s physical           nee River, the ship’s sponsor, Congresswoman        company, the Lockheed Martin-led industry
arrangement, which includes tactical coordina-         Kay Granger of Texas, christened “Fort Worth”       team for “Fort Worth” includes naval architect
tor, navigation/communications, non-acoustic           with the traditional smashing of a champagne        Gibbs & Cox as well as best-of-industry domes-
sensor and acoustic sensor crew stations. Pilot        bottle across the ship’s bow. In March 2009, the    tic and international companies.
and co-pilot flight stations are also integrated as    US Navy awarded the Lockheed Martin-led
part of the P-3C TORT’s design. L-3 Link has           industry team a contract to construct “Fort         MARTEK Marine: The UK-based manufac-
completed upgrades to the P-3C TORTs that              Worth”. Only 20 months later, the ship is 80 per-   turer of marine safety and environmental mon-
include providing a higher fidelity environment                                                            itoring systems has signed a breakthrough con-
for the pilot and co-pilot stations and enabling                                                           tract with the Canadian Navy. The deal will see
the devices to participate in fleet synthetic train-            Déjà vu with “Freedom” four years ago:     Martek supply 12 MM2000 marine gas detec-
ing exercises over a long-haul network. In addi-                The Lockheed Martin-led industry team      tion systems, with Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S)
                                                       launched in a spectacular way on December 4th
tion, L-3 Link has added simulation of an                                                                  capability, to the Canadian Navy’s fleet of
                                                          the nation’s third Littoral Combat Ship (LCS),
Improved Extended Echo Ranging system that                “Fort Worth” into the Menominee River at the     “Halifax” class multi-role patrol frigates based
is designed to support large-area deep and shal-                              Marinette Marine shipyard.   in Victoria, British Columbia, and Halifax, Nova
low water search capabilities.                                    (Photo: Courtesy of Lockheed Martin)     Scotia. This is the first contract that Martek has
                                                                                                           secured with the Canadian Navy and the H2S
                                                                                                           monitoring technology will be fitted on the
                                                                                                           “Halifax” class ships while they are in port over
                                                                                                           the next 12 months. The MM2000 H2S gas
                                                                                                           detector systems, incorporating five detector
                                                                                                           heads per ship, will be fitted onboard in several
                                                                                                           shipboard spaces, but in particular close to the
                                                                                                           vessels’ sewage treatment plants. H2S can be
                                                                                                           deadly to mariners in high concentrations and
                                                                                                           the MM2000 will go into a warning condition,
                                                                                                           alerting the ships’ control centre, when levels
                                                                                                           reach 10ppm and will go into a danger condi-
                                                                                                           tion when the concentration reaches 50ppm.
                                                                                                           Both audible and visual, strobe light alarms will
                                                                                                           be activated when the H2S concentrations reach
                                                                                                           warning or danger levels. The system adaptable
                                                                                                           to add up to 32 addressable detectors heads for
                                                                                                           a variety of gases such as: oxygen deficiency;
                                                                                                           flammable gases; refrigerant vapours and other
                                                                                                           toxic gases. The MM2000 is an addressable gas
                                                                                                           detection system that comprises a small compact
                                                                                                           control panel with an LC display and alarm,
                                                                                                           together with fault LEDs mounted in a steel stove
                                                                                                           enamel enclosure. From this control panel gas
                                                                                                           detectors are installed on a single 4-core address-
                                                                                                           able loop cable. To date the system has been
                                                                                                           installed on over 200 tankers, to protect crews
                                                                                                           against H2S from sulphur rich crude oil, and patrol
                                                                                                           vessels for the Sultanate of Oman Navy.

                                                                                                           NAVANTIA: The Canadian Navy has asked
                                                                                                           both NAVANTIA as well as ThyssenKrupp
                                                                                                           Marine Systems for designs for the construc-
                                                                                                           tion of two supply ships (BAC), in the Spanish
                                                                                                           case an adaptation of “Cantabria” to Canadian
                                                                                                           requirements and for the German case an adap-
                                                                                                           tation of the “Berlin” class. The Canadian Gov-
                                                                                                           ernment invited 14 shipyards in the country to
                                                                                                           participate in the tender for the construction of
                                                                                                           vessels, according to the Diario de Ferrol. The

126                                                                                                                                   NAVAL FORCES I/2011

purchase of two supply ships may extend to            Martinez, the new model based on the S-80             tactical and strategic communication intelli-
three, according to the Joint Support Ship pro-       would maintain the same approach of techno-           gence and offers complete solutions ‘from sen-
gramme that has a budget of €2,000M. The ves-         logical innovation but with less equipment. In        sors to knowledge’.
sels must meet all specifications of NATO, have       response to a question he clarified that this would
double hulls and a maximum length of 200m, so         not make a new project, instead the S-80 project      Quantum: A novel system of rotating cylinders
that they can dock at the facilities of the Naval     would continue, but “not so sophisticated, less       developed by this US company will improve
Bases of Halifax and Esquimalt. The double-           equipped and with less capacity.” After the con-      course-keeping and deck stability during RAS
hulled vessels are required in civilian rather than   ference and press conference, the President of        conducted at a forward speed of 14 knots. The
military standards which is one of the salient fea-   NAVANTIA announced that the first S-80 will           rotating cylinders which can be stowed away are
tures of “Cantabria”, as well as environmental        be completed and launched in early 2014, accu-        deployed from the bow of four naval vessels
requirements. Besides Canada, the Royal Nor-          mulating a delay of almost a year due to the high     commissioned this year are more energy effi-
wegian Navy has also expressed interest in the        technological content and innovation of its           cient than bow thrusters at the required speed
kind of supply ship like “Cantabria”, however         design. Following the launching, the boat will        and do not carry the draught penalty of a suit-
without having formally opened a procurement          still have to be at least two more years at the       ably-sized bow rudder, according to Quantum.
process yet. The BAC “Cantabria”, delivered to        Cartagena shipyard to undergo the necessary           The retractable cylinders rotate between 300rpm
the Spanish Armada last July 29th, has a total        tests for verification and validation of all equip-   and 1,500rpm and generate lift perpendicular to
length of 174m and a full load displacement of        ment and systems. The other three submarines          the line of motion. The system is integrated with
19,500 tons. Its maximum speed is greater than        S-80 acquired by the Spanish Navy will be deliv-      the vessel’s autopilot and a range of sensors,
21 knots, maximum sustained speed is 20 knots         ered as planned in the following three years.         which continually measure the distance bow-to-
and autonomy at 13 knots (economic speed) is                                 (wl unofficial translation     bow and stern-to-stern of both RAS ships to
6,000nm. Through its five refuelling stations                                   from       ensure that the wires connecting them are not
(one in the stern) 8,000 cubic meters fuel for                                                              over-tensioned.
ships and 1,500 cubic meters of fuel for aircraft     Northrop Grumman’s Sperry Business Unit
can be delivered, as well as ammunition, sup-         presented at Euronaval 2010 a new coherent
plies and food to a force at sea. The BAC can         Doppler radar system for patrol vessels and
supply underway fuel to three vessels simulta-        small combatants: The SeaGuard XBCR co-
neously. The ship has a full hospital facility with   developed with CEA Technologies Pty Ltd is
a capacity of ten beds, a fully equipped surgical     an X-band coherent radar whose Doppler signal
facility including the capability to conducting a     processing will enable detection of aircraft and
telemedicine videoconference, an X-ray room,          helicopter at ranges up to 40km over sea or land
dental consultation room, laboratory with ster-       at altitudes up to 6,000-ft, as well as detection
ilisation, and a central gas network. This enables    of high- and low-speed surface targets like RHIB
the ship to conduct humanitarian assistance in        and even periscopes.
disasters. The ship’s complement is 122 people,                  (wl based on a trip report by STN)
but the BAC has capacity to accommodate addi-
tional 136 people including personnel for             PLATH GmbH: Conducting communications
embarked helicopters.               (wl unofficial    intelligence, Government institutions so far have
             translation from        to manually deal with huge data volumes, in
   Spanish shipbuilder NAVANTIA is studying           order to relate patterns to relevant events. To
to build and market a cheaper, less equipped and      solve this problem PLATH GmbH is develop-
updated version of the original S-80 model, to        ing a software system for automatic data analy-       The Quantum bow rotating cylinder
better compete in the global economic situation,      sis. The aspired flexibility may also permit          seen here in stowed position.
according to company President Aurelio Mar-           abstracting communications intelligence data.         (Photo: Courtesy of Quantum)
tinez. At a seminar on the challenges of the future   In general it aims at an automatic conduct of
of the company, Martinez said that they would         highly linked data, in order to allow civil appli-
try to appraise the costs of submarine built for      cations as well, as for example financial trans-         Here goes another exam for the CO certifi-
the Spanish Navy at a cost of about €600M in          actions. Relevant correlations will be automat-       cate, and possibly arrives another over-reliance
order to respond to requests they have received       ically identified and visualized through meth-        on automatic systems, as recently shown when
from prospective and potential foreign clients.       ods of pattern recognition and artificial intelli-    HMS “Astute” ran aground at a shoal clearly
“Some countries do not want to pay the cost of        gence, thus finally providing observations that       shown in the traditional (paper) nautical chart.
a state-of-the-art submarine S-80 but are inter-      facilitate an up-to-date status report. Therefore     But in fairness it is conceded that such a system
ested in something more mainstream”, said Mar-        the operator is enabled to concentrate on high        offers a lot of assistance, for instance during low-
tinez, who did not reveal which countries had         quality hypotheses instead of dealing with huge       speed manoeuvring, for RHIB handling, heli-
expressed an interest. The public company aims        masses of raw data. PLATH has already com-            copter operation or zero-speed operation. For
to achieve over the next 30 years contracts for       pleted the feasibility study and can now proceeds     the latter various other solutions are being
the construction of at least 13 submarines, 10        its development with additional financial means       offered, like the Blohm + Voss Industries
percent of the global market share of sub-            from the innovation programme of the Hamburg          (BVI) new Z400 zero speed fin stabilisation sys-
mersibles which is estimated at 130 submarines        Ministry of Economics and Employment                  tem achieving high roll reduction both at zero
until 2029, according to the procurement plans        (BWA), in cooperation with HITeC research             speed and underway.
of the Armed Forces worldwide. According to           institute. PLATH GmbH develops products of                    (wl based on a Quantum press release)

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                        127

Rheinmetall Group is now sole owner of                 Rolls-Royce will supply gas turbines and water-      waterjets are among the largest produced by
Verseidag Ballistic Protection GmbH of                 jets for ten of the US Navy’s Littoral Combat        Rolls-Royce and can pump water at a combined
Krefeld, Germany. Rheinmetall had already              Ship (LCS) variant of the Lockheed Martin-           rate of 25,000 gallons per second – enough to
acquired a 51 percent stake in the company – a         led team – the Group’s largest ever marine naval     fill an Olympic style swimming pool in 25 sec-
leading producer of advanced civilian and mil-         surface ship contract. Designed to operate in        onds. In addition to gas turbines and waterjets,
itary protection equipment – in July 2010. Effec-      combat zones close to the shore (littoral waters),   a significant range of Rolls-Royce equipment is
tive 31 December 2010, Rheinmetall has taken           each LCS will be equipped with two Rolls-            specified in the Lockheed Martin design, includ-
over the remaining 49% interest held by Jagen-         Royce MT30 gas turbines powering four large          ing shaftlines, bearings and propulsion system
berg AG, thus giving the Düsseldorf-based              waterjets, enabling the vessels to reach speeds      software.
defence group 100% control of the company.             in excess of 40 knots. At 36MW, the MT30 is
Thanks to this takeover, Rheinmetall is now able       the world’s most powerful marine gas turbine.        RWO GmbH, part of Veolia Water Solutions
to supply makers of military land vehicles as          Combining this power with Rolls-Royce water-         & Technologies (VWS), subsidiary of Veolia
well as the civilian auto industry with a full range   jets makes the LCS highly manoeuvrable, able         Water – in cooperation with a leading European
of protection technology. In the defence domain,       to operate in shallow waters and to stop and         corrosion institute (SWEREA-KIMAB) and the
the move broadens Rheinmetall’s expertise in           accelerate quickly. Rolls-Royce is already sup-      classification society Germanischer Lloyd – )
the field of ballistic protection which, in addi-      plying propulsion equipment on the first two         conducted thorough corrosion studies in treated
tion to vehicle armour, now extends in particu-        Lockheed Martin vessels and new announce-            full-salinity seawater, simulating an approxi-
lar to solutions for aircraft (especially heli-        ment extends this with one firm order and            mate entire lifetime of a ballast water tank/pip-
copters) and ships. The buyout significantly           options for a further nine ships of the same         ing structure (approx. 40 years). These studies
strengthens Rheinmetall’s sales potential in this      design. The MT30 is derived from Rolls-Royce         were later recommended by the IMO technical
sector, giving the Group greater access to impor-      aero engine technology, building on over 45 mil-     group GESAMP-BWWG, as part of the guidance
tant protection technology markets throughout          lion hours of operating experience and reliabil-     for other vendors developing ballast water treat-
Europe. Verseidag Ballistic Protection GmbH’s          ity. It also has the highest power density of any    ment studies, to be included in their respective
high-tech solutions provide the occupants of           marine gas turbine - a key factor in naval propul-   approval process. CleanBallast operates readi-
civilian and military vehicles with reliable pro-      sion where delivering a high power output in a       ly in waters with low and full salinity. The nat-
tection from ballistic threats and bomb blasts –       compact space is essential. The MT30 is the lat-     ural corrosiveness of those environments differs
on land, in the air and on the water. The com-         est development of Rolls-Royce marine gas tur-       significantly, with, for example, full salinity
pany develops, produces and markets solutions          bines, and has also been selected for the UK Roy-    (>32PSU) being a very corrosive media to com-
based on state-of-the-art ceramic and metallic         al Navy’s new “Queen Elizabeth” class aircraft       mon construction materials. It is also well known
materials as well as fibre composites made of          carriers and the US Navy’s DDG-1000                  that larger quantity of active chlorine has further
high-tech textiles.                                    “Zumwalt” class destroyer programme. The             negative effect on corrosion, increasing the wear

   The total ownership of Verseidag Ballistic Protection GmbH
   by the Rheinmetall Group enables the Group to provide
   advanced armour solutions also to aircraft (especially
   helicopters) and ships.
   (Graphic: Courtesy of Rheinmetall Group)

128                                                                                                                                    NAVAL FORCES I/2011

rate of non-passivated metals, etc. The disin-        third-largest shipbuilder on January 23rd said the   RHIB RODEUR with 500hp propulsion in
fection unit “EctoSys®” utilised by the Clean-        new anti-piracy system detects smaller boats in      2006/2007 (see NAVAL FORCES V/2008
Ballast system is based on electrochemistry,          the vicinity often undetected under existing         EURONAVAL Press Trip report). Sirehna
however operating very differently compared           marine radar systems and issues an automatic         developed all components of a USV kit to be
to, for instance, conventional chlorination or        alert when approached. According to another          integrated onboard marine platforms adapted to
electrolysis systems using salt water (contain-       AFP report, Seoul newspapers on January 22nd         today’s needs (vehicle control, obstacle detec-
ing chloride), where a maximum production of          praised the Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN)            tion and avoidance, embedded systems and actu-
active chlorine is desired. Instead, EctoSys® pro-    commandos who battled pirates off the coast of       ators control, payload integration, HMI devel-
duces short-lived mixed oxidants, which togeth-       Somalia to release a captured crew. In a pre-        opment). The company also has significant
er have a more striking and powerful effect com-      dawn operation about 1,300km (700nm) off             expertise in the development, modelling, and
pared to active chlorine. Thus, the EctoSys® is       northeast Somalia on January 21st, ROKN Spe-         testing of complete ship motion control systems
not dependent on chloride content (salinity), but     cial Forces stormed a South Korean tanker and        based on classic stabilisation concepts (passive
produces oxidants directly from the water. The        freed all hostages, killing eight pirates and cap-   anti-rol tanks, more advanced dynamic control
negative effects of active chlorine on corrosive-     turing five others in compartment-to-compart-        functions such as yaw/roll stabilisation, dynam-
ness can effectively be avoided. In natural brack-    ment battles.       (wl based on AFP reports)        ic anti-pitch, rudder roll stabilisation, zero
ish and full-salinity seawater, besides the short-                                                         speed/low speed anti-roll stabilisation. Key ref-
lived oxidants hydroxyl radicals the disinfection     S.E.I. Società Esplosivi Industfriali SpA is a       erences include heel compensation for the air-
unit EctoSys® will produce only low levels (up        small Italian company based in Ghedi and now         craft carrier “Charles de Gaulle”, anti-roll sta-
to maximum 2mg/l) of more persistent oxidants,        part of Rheinmetall Defence, specialising in         bilisation and auto-heading mode tuning for the
summarised as TRO (Total Residual Oxidants).          depth charge systems: The SLD302 AIRONE              Saudi Arabian Navy’s SAWARI II frigates, and
Being oxidizing agents, such substances in high-      protects the area around surface ships or strate-    an innovative multi-degree of freedom ride con-
er concentrations are relevant for corrosive prop-    gic land locations against underwater intruders;     trol and rudder roll stabilisation systems for the
erties of water. TRO will decay via interactions      the DC103 diver scare charge is used to protect      FREMM programme.
with, for example, dissolved organic matter. The      ships and other objects in harbour against divers               (wl based on a trip report by STN)
tests included accelerated comparative studies        and other underwater intruders with a damage
(treated and untreated seawater) using both           area of >30m; the DC101-MS500 is a heli-                TKMS-HDW delivered on December 22nd
uncoated steel test specimens but more impor-         copter- and MPAQ-carried active sonar anti-          the second Type 209PN submarine for the Por-
tantly test specimens with 2-coat paint systems       submarine depth charge designed against dou-         tuguese Navy. The NRP “Arpão” was commis-
according to NORSOK Coating 3B approved               ble hulled submarines; and the MURENA mul-           sioned on the premises of HDW in Kiel. The
according to DNV Classification Note 33.1 class       ti-influence sea mine with a diameter of 533mm       new submarine is equipped with an air-inde-
B1, common and approved for use in ballast            and a length of 2,096mm (i.e. could be launched      pendent fuel cell propulsion system and com-
water tanks, for instance, the Jotun system ‘Bal-     from submarines) – programmable features             bines the proven design principles of the Type
loxy HB light’. The tests included parallel tests     include fuses against acoustic, magnetic, pres-      209 family with the innovative features of Type
with both continuous exposure to the water and        sure sweeping, with arming delay, anti-tamper-       214. Ultra-modern sensors and an integrated
intermittent cyclic exposure of water and air.        ing and anti-flooding.                               Command and Weapon Control System make
Intermittent exposure resembles better the real                  (wl based on a trip report by STN)        it optimally suited to its future reconnaissance
conditions in ballast water tanks and a worse cor-                                                         and surveillance tasks. The sister boat of NRP
rosive case than continuous exposure. The tests       SELEX Communications signed a €30M con-              “Arpão”, the NRP “Tridente”, was delivered ear-
were accelerated, that is, the exposure of the test   tract (options included) with the NACMA              lier last year, on June 17th. It has been in opera-
panels was set to simulate an approximate entire      (NATO Air Command and Control Manage-                tion by the Portuguese Navy since its arrival in
lifetime of a ballast water tank/piping system,       ment Agency) providing for the supply of a Link      Lisbon.
regarding initial maximum concentration of            16-type data link network to 14 countries with-
TRO and natural decay. Based on the result of         in the Alliance. These systems will allow real-      TKMS: The annual MEKO® User Workshop
these tests, both SWEREA KIMAB and Ger-               time data exchange between air and land-based        took place from last November, 15th – 19th in
manischer Lloyd concluded that there are no           platforms and include MIDS LVT (Multi-func-          Freemantle/Australia. This 13th iteration of the
additional corrosive properties of seawater treat-    tional Interface Distribution System Low Vol-        conference was hosted by the Royal Australian
ed with CleanBallast, compared to untreated sea-      ume Terminal) terminals. The contract provides       Navy (RAN) whose eight MEKO® 200 frigates
water. Thus, the tests proved that the CleanBal-      for three phases: The first phase covers system      of the “Anzac” class contribute substantially to
last equipped with the EctoSys® disinfection unit     deployment in 13 sites in the Czech Republic,        meeting the RAN’s widespread missions. Since
does not increase corrosion in ballast water          Denmark, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the         1997 when the first conference was run it has
tanks. Furthermore, CleanBallast is certified and     Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain,        established itself as an annual forum that pro-
classified by the GL as compatible with epoxy-        and Turkey. The next two optional phases will        vides for the exchange of operational and tech-
based ballast water tank coating systems.             cover the installation in Germany and UK.            nical experiences between the so far eleven
                                                                   (Courtesy of our sister magazine        navies operating MEKO® frigates or corvettes.
Samsung Heavy Industries: According to a                            RIVISTA ITALIANA DIFESA)               This year the main topic were the various
report from AFP, South Korea’s Samsung                                                                     upgrade programmes that enable the ships to
Heavy Industries has rolled out a system to help      Sirehna launched its first remote controlled         adapt in the second half of their life cycle to the
ships detect and fend off pirates, after the recent   USV on a jetski platform in 2000, participated       challenges of the changing security policy
hijacking of a South Korean freighter near            in the US Navy’s SPARTAN project in 2004,            framework conditions. The MEKO® design con-
Somalia alarmed ship owners. The nation’s             and developed a fully autonomous 9.2m USV            cept is the ideal precondition for a cost-effective

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                      129
                                                                                                            that can perform surveys in 1,500m to 2,500m
                                                                                                            depths. As the trends for exploration and route
                                                                                                            surveys are moving into deeper waters, there
                                                                                                            grows a demand for immediate accessibility to
                                                                                                            quality mid-water Multi-beam systems that can
                                                                                                            be deployed on vessels of opportunity around
                                                                                                            the world at a moment’s notice.

                                                                                                            Siemens Industry, Inc. announced that at the
                                                                                                            2010 International Workboat Show in New
                                                                                                            Orleans they focussed on solutions for sustain-
                                                                                                            able shipping, including the company’s SISHIP
                                                                                                            diesel-electric propulsion system. Solutions, ser-
                                                                                                            vices and products include:
                                                                                                            • SISHIP Integrated Solutions for the Marine
                                                                                                              Industry: The SISHIP product family for com-
                                                                                                              mercial vessels integrates all products and ser-
                                                                                                              vices needed for sustained maximization of a
The majority of the participants of the 2010           needed to power the organisation’s “Severn”            ship’s performance with solutions designed
MEKO® User Workshop on the flight deck                 class vessels on rescue missions off the coast         to sustainably increase environmental com-
of HMAS “Arunta” being welcomed by the                 of Great Britain where they are expected not           patibility and commercial efficiency of ship-
Commanding Officer, Commander Stavridis.
In the rear is HMAS “Toowoomba” (156),
                                                       only to contend with wind and weather but also         ping operations.
another “Anzac” class frigate of the RAN.              to right themselves automatically if they cap-       • SISHIP Lifecycle Management: Proven life
(Photo: Courtesy of TKMS)                              size. And whatever the boat has to do – the            cycle management strategies built on real
                                                       engine has to do it. That is why MTU engineers         world successes help increase reliability while
                                                       designed the crankcase ventilation system and          lowering operating costs.
and time-saving mid-life upgrade to meeting            engine oil galleries to ensure that no oil can       • SISHIP Diesel Electric Propulsion: The com-
these requirements. The MEKO® User Work-               enter the intake tank during the 360° roll. They       bination of diesel generators and electric
shop host alternates between the client navies of      achieved this by incorporating a valve in the          engines reduces fuel consumption up to 40
the northern and southern hemisphere. Follow-          crankcase ventilation system. Depending on             percent while increasing energy efficiency
ing Fremantle in 2010 the MEKO® navies will            the vessel’s inclination, the valve closes to pre-     and lowering harmful emissions.
meet in Athens in 2011 to be welcomed by the           vent oil flowing out. When the engine has            • tiastar Motor Control Centres (MCCs): High-
Hellenic Navy as their host.                           returned to an upright position, the valve opens       density MCCs with SmartStart capability that
                                                       again automatically.                                   enable customers to visualize energy con-
TOGNUM: The British Royal National                                                                            sumption at the device level from the first day
Lifeboat Institution is currently testing an           RESON: Seafloor Systems, a leading supplier            of start up.
MTU Model 2000 M94 engine. The unit is                 of solutions for the Hydrographic and Oceano-        • Siemens PLM Software: Product lifecycle
                                                       graphic industries, recently added 2x RESON            management software solutions enable ship-
                                                       SeaBat 7101-SV high resolution shallow water           yards to seamlessly track the ‘DNA’ of a ship,
                                                       Multi-beam echo sounder systems, a RESON               providing unprecedented insight into the cor-
                                                       SeaBat 8160 portable mid-water Multi-beam              rect solution for a ship at any point in its life-
                                                       echo sounder, and an Applanix Wavemaster               cycle, from concept to development through
                                                       inertial navigation system to its global rental        production and the complete operating cycle.
                                                       pool. The SeaBat 7101-SV builds upon the long        • FLENDER Mechanical Drives: Siemens
                                                       stable history of the proven SeaBat 8101 work-         mechanical drives are designed for econom-
                                                       horse, the system which defined high-produc-           ic operation and low lifecycle cost. High effi-
                                                       tivity shallow water Multi-beam. Improvements          ciency, optimum power-to-weight- ratio and
                                                       to beam forming, the bottom detect algorithms,         low vibration and noise are characteristics of
                                                       today’s state-of-the-art technological advance-        our products that are engineered to minimise
                                                       ments in processing power, and the addition of         unnecessary losses for ships to transmit
                                                       many new performance enhancing features,               motive power to the propeller.
 The diesel engines of boats of the British Royal      today’s new “SV” processor allows users to get       • Siemens Financial Services: Offering a wide
     Lifeboat Institution are required to continue     much more use out of their shallow water Mul-          range of equipment and sales financing solu-
      running even if the boat capsizes and then       ti-beam. Focus on data quality, minimising pro-        tions tailored to the individual needs of the
  uprights itself. MTU engineers have designed         cessing time, reducing installation complexity,        customer.
   the crankcase ventilation system and engine         and offering high quality backscatter and water
  oil galleries to ensure that no oil can enter the
                   intake tank during the 360° roll.
                                                       column data to meet the growing demands in the       THALES Nederland: Mid November the first
     The image shows a specially designed test         industry are all philosophies that were employed     real IM-400 housing arrived at the THALES
    setup to perform the 360° roll of the engine.      in the SeaBat 7101-SV design. The SeaBat 8160        plant in Hengelo. Built by the Royal Nether-
                         (Photo: Courtesy of MTU)      is the only portable 50kHz Multi-beam system         lands Navy in Den Helder, this structure was

130                                                                                                                                     NAVAL FORCES I/2011

                                                                                                           fuel consumption and fewer CO2 emissions. The
     The first IM-400 Integrated Mast housing arrived                                                      HERCULES-C Project is planned to run over a
     in Hengelo for the first “Holland” class OPV.                                                         three-year period and has a targeted budget of
     In the following months all equipments will be
     integrated and test procedures executed.                                                              US$25.2M, bringing the total combined budget
     (Photo: Courtesy of THALES Nederland)                                                                 of the HERCULES programmes (2004-2015)
                                                                                                           to US$104.9M. The project is expected to be
                                                                                                           proposed in 2010 for funding within the Frame-
                                                                                                           work Programme 7 (FP7, Theme Transport), of
                                                                                                           the European Commission. The specific objec-
                                                                                                           tives of HERCULES-C are to achieve further
                                                                                                           substantial reductions in fuel consumption,
                                                                                                           while optimising power production and usage.
                                                                                                           This will be achieved through advanced engine
                                                                                                           developments in combustion and fuel injection,
                                                                                                           as well as through the optimisation of ship ener-
                                                                                                           gy management, and engine technologies sup-
                                                                                                           porting transport mission management. Fur-
                                                                                                           thermore, green product lifecycle technologies
                                                                                                           will be introduced to maintain the technical per-
                                                                                                           formance of engines throughout their opera-
transported by barge and hoisted on top of the        Wärtsilä: Two world-leading European marine          tional lifetime. This includes advanced materi-
test tower on the THALES premises. In the next        engine manufacturers, MAN Diesel & Turbo             als and tribology developments to improve safe-
few months all equipment will be installed in the     and Wärtsilä Corporation, have agreed to pur-        ty and reliability, as well as sensors, and moni-
Integrated Mast structure and all test procedures     sue a large joint research project, the HER-         toring and measurement technologies to
will be started. The IM-400 will then be trans-       CULES-C project, as a continuation of the very       improve the controllability and availability of
ported to the Damen Schelde Naval Ship-               successful HERCULES programmes for the               marine power plants. The third specific objec-
building (DSNS) in Flushing where it will be          research and development of marine engine            tive of HERCULES-C is to achieve near-zero
installed on the first “Holland” class Ocean          technology. The overall vision of the HER-           emissions by integrating the various technolo-
Patrol Vessel that is currently being built for the   CULES research programme is for sustainable          gies developed from the previous collaborative
Royal Netherlands Navy. Four IM-400 systems           and safe energy production from marine power         research efforts.
will be built for the four “Holland” class OPVs.      plants. The technological themes of the HER-
A fifth IM-400 Integrated Mast will be built for      CULES initiative have, since its inception in        WASS: Following years of silence, WASS is
the “Karel Doorman” Joint Logistic Support            2002, been higher efficiency, reduced emissions,     back on the scenes, thanks to the new CEO Ren-
Ship which is also under construction for the         and increased reliability for marine engines.        zo Lunardi, the former WASS General Director
Royal Netherlands Navy.                               However, for taking marine engine technology         and an earlier Agusta and Meteor top manag-
                                                      a step further towards improved sustainability       er. The company, with a solid financial status
Tods Defence: Composite materials specialists         in energy production and total energy economy,       (the sales amounted to €145M in 2009, with a
Tods Defence have secured the order for three         an extensive integration of the multitude of iden-   €330M backlog equalling two full production
Bow Sonar Domes (BDS’s) for the new fleet of          tified new technologies is required. The pro-        years), has been dealing with torpedo design,
Royal Australian Navy ‘Air Warfare Destroy-           posed HERCULES-C project, expected to run            development and production in the last 133
ers’ (“Hobart” class) which are due to start com-     for three years from 2012 to 2015, addresses this    years. Today, WASS has 450 employees, work-
ing into service from 2013/14. The class is a         challenge by adopting a combinatory approach         ing mostly in the Livorno facilities, while 80 are
derivative of the Spanish F105 design and is          for engine thermal processes, system integration     in the Naples plant, representing an acoustics
being developed by the Air Warfare Alliance           and optimisation, as well as engine reliability      excellence centre where advanced transducers
comprising the Defence Material Organisation,         and lifetime. In this way, HERCULES-C aims           are designed and produced, and a dozen is work-
Australian Submarine Corporation (ASC)                for marine engines that are able to produce cost-    ing in Genoa. The company is able to offer prod-
and Raytheon Australia. It will be built at a         effectively the required power for the propul-       ucts at the cutting edges of the technology, in
new facility adjacent to the ASC facilities in        sion of ships throughout their lifecycle, with       both the sectors of the heavy weight torpedoes
Adelaide. The design and build BDS contract           responsible use of natural resources, and respect    (HWT) and light weight torpedoes (LWT, devel-
for Tods Defence is part of a continuing part-        for the environment. In HERCULES-A (from             oped in co-operation with the French THALES
nership with the Australian naval industry, with      2004 to 2007) large-scale research platforms         and DCNS, within the Eurotorp consortium),
each of the new units being produced in the UK        were established, with the main objective being      and anti-torpedo countermeasures; plus the tor-
to coincide with the ship build programme. BSD        to screen the potential of a broad range of emis-    pedo launcher and decoy launcher systems. As
enclosures are specifically designed to house         sion reduction technologies. Significant im-         far as the BLACK SHARK HWT is concerned,
underwater warfare detection systems and sen-         provements were achieved as a result of this         this weapon is the world benchmark in its cate-
sors. Variants of Tods products are now installed     work. In HERCULES-B (2008-2011) the quest            gory and already is in service with the navies of
numerous platforms worldwide including F100           for reducing emissions was retained, focusing        Chile, Singapore, Portugal and Malaysia, while
and F310 frigates, on the RN Type 45 destroy-         on several novel technologies. At the same time,     Italy adopted a national variant named Nuovo
ers and US Navy DDG 1000 “Zumwalt” class              however, more importance was placed on               Siluro Pesante (New Heavy Torpedo) due to
ships.                                                improved efficiency, and as a result, reduced        replace – starting in 2014 – the A-184 Mod.3,

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                     131

and France is developing from it its Future          Vessel (USV). The largest structure ever built
Tourpille Lourd (Future HWT). The HWT                with nano-enhanced carbon fibre, the
                                                                                                        PART III: PERSONALIA
marked resulted very difficult for the Italian       PIRANHA USV is a 54-ft vessel that weighs          Major re-shuffle at the top      replacing
company to deal with, because WASS had to            only 8,000lbs. Compared to other vessels           of Finmeccanica’s sub-           Mr Giovanni
compete without any support from a nation-           built from traditionally heavier materials such    sidiaries: Mr Giuseppe           Bertolone who is
ally built submarine (it is clearly not easy to      as aluminum, the PIRANHA USV has ten               Giordo is the new CEO            now Finmeccanica’s
promote a torpedo for use by a foreign sub-          times the range, three times the payload, and      of Alenia Aeronautica            new COO.
marine); yet pleasant surprises are not exclud-      a 75 percent increase in fuel efficiency. Con-
ed. Currently two ‘hot’ markets are emerg-           structed entirely of AROVEX, a nanotube-
ing: Brazil and India. This latter, in particu-      reinforced carbon fibre, the 54-ft boat can car-
lar, seems to have a 100 BLACK SHARK                 ry up to 15,000lbs more than 2,500 miles. To
requirement (India already has in service            stabilise the vessel, Zyvex selected a SEA-
WASS countermeasures, even on board sev-             KEEPER Gyro Stabilisation System. The
eral Russian designed ships), for a potential        current customers for the PIRANHA USV
value of roughly €300M. In the LWT sector            are larger defence contractors who are search-
WASS, in addition to the MU-90 developed             ing for the most capable maritime platform
within the Eurotorp consortium, also is pro-         for their unmanned systems. A fuel efficient
ducing the A-244/S model, featuring good             USV can perform many missions, such as             Mr Giuseppe Cosentino,
performances at reasonable costs: in spite of        anti-submarine warfare or anti-piracy, at a        former W.A.S.S. CEO,             and has been
having been totally designed and developed           fraction of the cost of manned aircraft or ships   has become the new               replaced by Mr.
in Italy, the A-244/S too is marketed by Euro-       and help identify threats that require manned      President of Oto Melara          Renzo Lunardi.
torp. WASS is continuing to develop this             assets. While the PIRANHA USV was ini-
LWT, now produced in the Mod. 3 variant;             tially developed for the unmanned military
to do so, the company is carrying out studies        market, the fuel efficiency advantages hold
to enhance the propulsion system for the             great potential for a manned military or civil-
future Mod. 5 variant (there will be no Mod.         ian variant. The estimated US$2M boat has
4, because the number four has a negative            already demonstrated a fuel consumption rate
meaning in Asia). Another WASS leading               of 12 gallons per hour at a cruising speed of
edge business is the anti-torpedo chaff and          24 knots, compared to a traditional boat’s con-
decoy systems production, in both the 5” (127        sumption of 50 gallons per hour. Columbus,
mm) and the 3” (76 mm) sizes, respectively           OH based Zyvex Technologies built the
intended for surface and submarine launch-           PIRANHA in its Seattle, WA facility. Larg-
ing platforms (the sole exception being the 5”       er and smaller versions of the design are also     Not directly part of NATO’s
devices used by the CIRCE system of the              under consideration. Sea trials will continue      restructuring efforts but cer-
German/Italian U212A submarines), with               in the vicinity of Puget Sound for the next few    tainly a substantial contribution
many systems ordered worldwide. It is                months.        (wl based on Maritime Today         to it: The International Staff of
notably the development by WASS of a new                       and Zyvex Technologies website)          the NATO HQ in Brussels got
8-barrel pivoting decoy launcher for the new                                                            a new operational division
FREMM multi-mission frigates, while the                                                                 with responsibilities for anti-
ORIZZONTE destroyers have the larger                  The PIRANHA USV of Zyvex Technologies             terrorism, security of electron-
SLAT 12-barrel launcher.                                    is the largest structure ever built with    ic infrastructure including
            (Courtesy of our sister magazine         nano-enhanced carbon fibre. The 54-ft USV          cyber security, security of energy supply, and pro-
             RIVISTA ITALIANA DIFESA)                  weighs only 8,000lbs and can carry up to         liferation. This way the alliance organisationally
                                                       15,000lbs to 2,500nm at cruising speeds
                                                         of 24 knots, consuming only 12 gallons
                                                                                                        concentrates those topics which will be central to
Zyvex Technologies announced the start of                  per hour, a 75 percent reduction over        the security of its member nations in the coming
initial sea trials and revealed the first official         comparable boats built of aluminium.         years. The new division will be headed by Gabor
images of the PIRANHA Unmanned Surface                  (Photo: Courtesy of Zyvex Technologies)         Iklody, former Political Director and State Secre-
                                                                                                        tary at the Hungarian Foreign Ministry, as NATO’s
                                                                                                        new Assistant Secretary General for Emerging
                                                                                                        Security Challenges. According to Financial Times
                                                                                                        Deutschland, his Deputy will be former NATO
                                                                                                        Spokesman Jamie Shea.                          (wl)

                                                                                                        L-3 Valmarine announced December 1st that it has
                                                                                                        appointed Finn Inge Langeland as its Managing
                                                                                                        Director. He will report directly to Klaus Lorenz,
                                                                                                        Vice President of European Operations for L-3
                                                                                                        Marine & Power Systems (L-3 M&MS). Mr. Lan-
                                                                                                        geland succeeds Ingvald Løvdal, who will manage
                                                                                                        the Marine Navigation division at L-3 Valmarine.

132                                                                                                                                   NAVAL FORCES I/2011

Mr. Langeland has more                                bilities and a proven track record in delivering        number one college in the northeast by U.S.
than 15 years of operational                          the highest level of technology, service and inte-      News and World Report. The school had five
management experience in                              gration.                                                Fulbright and three Truman scholars during his
the marine automation mar-                                                                                    tenure. Burhoe also improved the school’s diver-
ket. Prior to joining L-3, he                         The US Coast Guard                                      sity record, doubling the percentage of minori-
served as the head of hard-                           (USCG) will have the first                              ty admissions from 12 percent in 2008 to 24 per-
ware and software devel-                              female Superintendent of                                cent in 2010. Burhoe is scheduled to retire July
opment at Bjørge Marine                               any Military Service Acad-                              1st.
Automation. From 2007 to                              emy when USCG Acade-
2010, he served as its Managing Director and          my classes convene next                                 United States Navy Chief
contributed significantly to the development of       summer: The Commandant                                  of Naval Operations
the company’s worldwide activities. Located in        of the USCG, Admiral Bob                                Admiral Gary Roughead
Drammen, Norway, L-3 Valmarine, a division            Papp, has selected Rear                                 has been named “Seamas-
of L-3 Marine & Power Systems, has branch             Admiral Sandra L. Stosz (see NAVAL                      ter of the Year” by Marine
offices in Tampere, Finland, and Bergen, Nor-         FORCES I/2010), Coast Guard Director of                 Technology Reporter, the
way, with representatives in Italy, France, Sin-      Reserve and Leadership, for the position of             world’s largest circulation
gapore, the U.S., China and Korea. With a focus       Superintendent USCG Academy. The USCG                   audited publication serving
on the cruise ship market, L-3 Valmarine is a         has always led by allowing men and women                the subsea technology
major supplier of automation and navigation sys-      equal access to all career fields and assignments.      industry. “Admiral Roughead is driving a trans-
tems for advanced vessels worldwide. Com-             In her current position, Stosz is responsible for       formation of the way in which the U.S. Navy
prised of 20 operating companies, L-3 M&PS is         policy affecting the recruitment and training of        conducts its business, and he has signaled his
a worldwide leader in maritime automation and         more than 8,000 Coast Guard reserve members.            dedication to the rapid advancement of subsea
control, navigation, communications, dynamic          She has also commanded the Coast Guard’s only           vehicle technology”, said Greg Trauthwein,
positioning, and power distribution and condi-        recruit training centre in Cape May, N.J. Under         Editor and Associate Publisher of Marine
tioning for the US Navy, allied foreign navies        the command of the current superintendent, Rear         Technology Reporter. Admiral Roughead will
and commercial customers worldwide. With              Admiral J. Scott Burhoe, the school was ranked          accept the Seamaster Award at a special recep-
over 86 locations in 18 countries, L-3 M&PS is        as a top college by the New England Associa-            tion in his honour at the Fourth Annual Ocean-
a cohesive, global partner with extensive capa-       tion of Schools and Colleges and listed as the          Tech Expo.

Brazil is to build a 2,400 tons OPV for the Equa-     According to a report from RiaNovosti, Russian          NGV Tech Sdn Bhd collaborating with Daewoo
torial Guinea Navy. It will be based upon the         shipbuilding plant Yantar has asked Russia’s            Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co Ltd will
“Barroso” class corvette with CODLAG propul-          state arms exporter, Rosoboronexport, for an            construct two 249-ft training-cum-patrol vessels
sion based upon MTU diesel engines and a              additional US$100M to complete construction             contracted by the Royal Malaysian Navy.
reduced armament.                                     of three frigates for the Indian Navy, Russian busi-                         (wl based on the Malaysian
                   (Courtesy of Naval Spy Glass)      ness daily Kommersant noted December 16th.                                       National News Agency)
                        ★★★                           This was confirmed by The Times of India,                                      ★★★
Indra has signed a contract with Fincantieri to       reporting that according to Russian officials it will   The Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS “Invincible”
supply electronic intelligence (ELINT) equipment.     cost at least US$100M more to complete the              is for sale by tender, being auctioned online as
It will be installed in the Italian Type 212A sub-    construction of three Improved “Talwar” class           part of a multi-million-pound sale of UK military
marines ITS “Salvatore Todaro” and “Scire”.           frigates ordered by India in July 2006. The orig-       hardware. The sale is designed to reduce a
                   (Courtesy of Naval Spy Glass)      inal contract was set at US$1.2Bn; delivery dates       £36Bn hole in the MoD’s finances. Featured on
                        ★★★                           of the ships may also be pushed back.            (wl)   the MoD’s Disposal Services Authority website
MilSOFT of Turkey was contracted by TKMS-                                      ★★★                            - - are full details on
HDW to equip the Turkish Navy’s future six Type       According to a report from Murmansk & Shtok-            the ship. (wl based on Maritime Propulsion)
214 submarines with a Link 11/Link 22 Multi-link      man News, on December 13th Prime Minister                                      ★★★
system.                                        (wl)   Vladimir Putin visited the Sevmash Shipbuild-           Tognum subsidiary MTU Friedrichshafen
                        ★★★                           ing company and took a look at the pr 955 sec-          GmbH will upgrade its Series 1163 marine
The Mexican Navy will establish a new base on         ond BOREJ SSBN “Alexander Nevsky” during                engines for the IMO 2 and IMO 3 emissions reg-
the Pacific Coast at Tupitinas, in Michoacan          her operational deployment to Severodvinsk.             ulations. “The 1163 family will be carrying on its
State. The base is intended to support coun-                             (wl based on Maritime Today)         success story and the future version will be even
ternarcotics and law enforcement operations.                                   ★★★                            cleaner and more fuel-efficient than the present
                   (Courtesy of Naval Spy Glass)      According to a November 30th report from the            engine generation,” said Rainer Breidenbach,
                        ★★★                           Associated Press, the US Coast Guard has                Tognum Executive Board.
The first of four OPV 70 ordered by the Royal         awarded a US$480M contract to Northrop                              (wl based on Maritime Propulsion)
Moroccan Navy in 2008 from Aker in Lorient            Grumman for the construction of a fourth Nation-                               ★★★
(now STX Lorient Shipyard) based on a CMN             al Security Cutter. The ship will be 418-ft long and    Yemen may procure PAUK-I (pr 12412) class
design has been delivered and named “Bir An           be built in Pascagoula.           (wl based on AP)      fast attack craft from Russia. The vessels would
Zahan”. The following three ships will follow at                               ★★★                            be used to fight piracy and are part of a US$1Bn
one year intervals.                            (wl)   According to a December 14th report from the            package Sana’a is negotiating with Moscow.
                        ★★★                           Malaysian National News Agency, shipbuilder                              (Courtesy of Naval Spy Glass)

NAVAL FORCES I/2011                                                                                                                                        133

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