Docstoc

WISECOM Project

Document Sample
WISECOM Project Powered By Docstoc
					How to manage a disaster
Michael Weinlich (László Gorove)
Medical Director (Medical Director)
Steinbeis Scientific Center „Simulation, Training and Consulting Academy“
Frankfurt Main, Germany (Hungarian Ambulance Service Budapest)
                                                              IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM – Slide 1
                                                                                         09.07.2007
Presentation Outline



 Classification of disaster scenarios


 Conventional procedure after a disaster


 Problems and involved players


 Where can satellites help?
       An example: WISECOM

 Conclusions




                                           IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM - Slide 2
                                                                      09.07.2007
Classification of disaster scenarios

           Early disaster phase Response phase           Recovery phase

                            24h              Some days/weeks
 RED: more critical
 YELLOW: medium
 GREEN: not very critical




         Disaster    Small        Medium       Large
  Disaster Size     Disaster      Disaster    Disaster
  Phase
  Early Disaster      SD1          MD1         LD1
      Phase

    Response          SD2          MD2         LD2
     Phase

    Recovery          SD3          MD3         LD3
     Phase



                                                                          IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM - Slide 3
                                                                                                     09.07.2007
 Conventional procedure after a disaster



   Some victims call the alarm center (e.g. 112)
   Alarm center sends appropriate rescue forces
   Objective estimation of the help needed
   The first rescue teams start the TRIAGE procedure
   Minor injured patients can stay in a local camp
   First emergency treatment of patients
   Severely injured are transported to nearby hospitals



Major factor for outcome:          time
Major problem:                     communication




                                                          IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM - Slide 4
                                                                                     09.07.2007
Communication problems




   Need of connection from the disaster site to
   the alarm center
   Data about victims should be tracked
   Communication to alarm center may be
   needed for several reasons
   (monitor hospitals overload, monitor site
   situation, monitor victims)




                                                  IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM - Slide 5
                                                                             09.07.2007
Communication problems


 Each rescue group has communication needs
        Non technical people need to be able to setup the telecom equipments
        Within each group different types of communications are needed
        Many communications may need to be done simultaneously
        Manual operations (e.g. update of victim status) are still used
        Voice communications are usually used
 Different communication needs
        Rescue teams          local camp
        Rescue teams          Rescue teams
        local camp        alarm center (far away from the disaster)
 Many and different players involved
        Different rescue groups (fire brigades, red cross, military group, etc…)
        Each group has its own techniques and equipment: is coordination
        possible?




                                                                      IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM - Slide 6
                                                                                                 09.07.2007
Communication problems


 Enable communications to and from victims ?
       Prevent victims to overload communication channels used by the rescue
       forces…
       …but at the same time allow them to communicate with their loved ones.
       Localize and track victim positions would be very helpful for the rescue
       forces
       Broadcast information to victims may be helpful (e.g. „water is polluted“)

 CONCLUSION: the telecom system needed is complex




                                                                    IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM - Slide 7
                                                                                               09.07.2007
Where can satellites help?


 The WISECOM approach as an example
 Study, develop, and validate by live trials candidate rapidly deployable
 lightweight communication infrastructures for emergency conditions




                             GSM /
                             UMTS
                            Manager          BGAN
                                             Modem &
                                                -
                                             Manager
                             Tetra
                            Manager
                                             DVB-RCS
                                             Modem &          Gateway
                             WiFi/            Manager        Functions
                             WiMax                        (to be detailed)
                            Manager




                               Key Product              Supporting Functions
       Standard Equipment
                               Concept


                                                                 IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM - Slide 8
                                                                                            09.07.2007
                                  On-disaster site segment                                                                                                               disaster safe segment

WISECOM        User-Terminals        Local Access Domains           WISECOM                                Transport                              WISECOM Server /           Public/Private/Home   WISECOM
End-Users         Domain                                           Client Domain                            Domain                                 Operator Domain            Networks Domains     End-Users




                                                                                                      Satellite
                                                                                                                                                                         Private Network/PMR


                                 GPS share/
                                geo-messaging          WISECOM ACCESS TERMINAL

            LBS Smartphone                                        Location-Based                                                              Location-Based
             client with GPS                                      Services Local                                                              Services Global
                                                                  Server                                                                      Server
                                             2G/3G
                                           Access Point



             Normal Cell           Voice
               Phone




                                  Voice and
                 PDA                SMS

                                              WIFi/WiMax                                                                                                                Public Network
                                              Access Point
                           VoIP only                                                                                                Gateway
                                                                                                                                                     WISECOM
                                                                    WISECOM         Satellite
                                                                                                                                                      Server
                                                                      Client        Terminal


               LBS PDA
               with GPS

                                      Web
                                    browsinng                                                                   (Satellite)
                                                                                                                 Network
                                                                                                              Control Center                              WISECOM
                                                                                                                                                          Technicians


                  Laptop                                      WISECOM Access
                                                             Terminal responsible



                                                                                                WISECOM communication chain
                                                                                                                                                                                                         SMS Center /
                                                                                                WISECOM local communication chain
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mobile
                                                                                                WISECOM unallowed communication chain                                            Home                    Positioning
                                                                                                                                                                                Network
                                                                                                                                                                                                         System




                                                                                                                                                                        IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM - Slide 9
                                                                                                                                                                                                     09.07.2007
Conclusions



 communication major problem
 most important for survival: time
 finding patients
 bringing rescue forces to patient
 treating patients
 bringing patients to final treatment




                                        IST Summit 2007 - WISECOM - Slide 10
                                                                    09.07.2007