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Chapter 22 – Quiz Game

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Chapter 22 – Quiz Game Powered By Docstoc
					  Chapter 22 – Quiz Game
Reform movements and Progressives
Chapter 22

• In chapter 19, 20, and 21, we learned about
  how America changed because of the
  Industrial Revolution. We learned that
  working class poor people suffered a lot. We
  learned that the government was corrupt
  and didn’t help people. We learned that
  cities and factories were dangerous places.
• In chapter 22 however, we learned how
  reform movements worked to change the
  government and solve many of America’s
  problems.
QUIZ GAME

• Now we will play a quiz game to see
  how well you learned the content of
  chapter 22.
In the late 19th Century, some people started a new
political organization called the National Grange.


• Who started the National Grange?
  What kind of people?
• Farmers started the National Grange.
  It was like a union for farmers.
In the late 19th Century, the farmers owed the banks
a lot of money because they had borrowed money.


• Why had the farmers borrowed so
  much money? What had they used the
  money for?
• They had used the money to buy new
  equipment that helped them grow
  more crops.
In the late 19th Century, the U.S. government had
something called the gold standard.


• Under the gold standard, the U.S.
  government had to keep some gold for
  every paper dollar they printed.
  Anybody could trade in their paper
  dollars for gold any time they wanted.
  What was the purpose of the gold
  standard?
• The purpose was to fix the value of
  money so it wouldn’t decrease. It
  made people trust the paper money.
In the late 19th Century, America had a problem with
deflation.


• How does deflation affect the value of
  money?
• With deflation, the value of money
  increases.
In the late 19th Century, America had a problem with
deflation.


• How does deflation affect the price of
  goods and services?
• Deflation causes everything to get
  cheaper. The prices all go down.
In the late 19th Century, America had a problem with
deflation.


• What was causing the deflation?
• The deflation was caused by the gold
  standard. The government had to buy
  gold every time it made more paper
  money, so the demand for gold kept
  increasing faster than the supply. This
  caused the value of gold to increase.
  Since the value of the money was
  based on the value of gold, it increased
  too.
In the late 19th Century, the farmers wanted inflation.


• What is inflation? How does it affect
  the price of goods and services?
• Inflation causes the price of goods and
  services to increase.
The farmers wanted more inflation in the late 19 th
Century.


• Why did the farmers want more
  inflation?
• They wanted more inflation because
  inflation would let them sell their crops
  for higher prices and make more
  money. That would make it easier for
  them to pay back their debts.
In the late 19th century, deflation was causing serious
problems for farmers in America, but some people
liked the deflation and wanted it to continue.

• What kind of people liked the
  deflation?
• Rich people and banks liked the
  deflation because with deflation the
  value of their money was always
  growing.
In the late 19th Century, the price of crops was
dropping, so farmers couldn’t make much money.


• Besides deflation, what was causing
  the price of crops to drop?
• The price of crops was dropping
  because the farmers were using new
  technology to grow too much. This
  was causing the supply to be higher
  than the demand. When the supply is
  bigger than the demand, the price
  goes down.
In the late 19th Century, the farmers worked with the
National Grange to fight against the railroad
companies.

• Why were the farmers angry with the
  railroad companies?
• They believed the railroad companies
  were charging them too much to ship
  their crops to the cities. The railroad
  companies were trusts, so they had no
  competition and could charge any price
  they liked.
Around 1890, a terrible depression struck the nation.


• What is a depression?
• A depression is when the economy is
  very bad so many people have no job
  and no money.
In the late 19th Century, there was a terrible economic
depression.


• On what did most people blame the
  depression? What did they believe
  caused the depression?
• Most people believed the depression
  was caused by the gold standard.
Around 1900, some people started a new political
party called the Populist Party.


• What were the other two political
  parties at the time?
• The other two political parties were the
  Democrats and the Republicans.
Around 1900, some people started a new political
party called the Populist Party.


• What kind of people joined the Populist
  Party? Who was this party trying to
  help?
• The Populist Party was formed to help
  farmers and factory workers.
In the election of 1896, the Populist Party united with
the Democratic Party.


• Who was the Populist Party candidate
  in the election of 1896?
• William Jennings Bryan was the
  candidate for the Progressive Party and
  the Democratic Party in 1896.
In the late 19th Century, the Populists convinced the
government to make many new laws.


• Which law tried to force the railroad
  companies to charge farmers a fair
  price to ship their crops to the city?
• The Interstate Commerce Act.
The Populist Party was a very successful third party,
but it ended in 1896.


• Why did the Populist Party end in
  1896?
• The other two Political Parties promised
  to make the same reforms, so the
  Populist Party was no longer
  necessary.
The reform movement was one of the most important
political movements in American history.

• What is reform?
• Reform means changing something or
  fixing problems. The reformers were
  people who wanted to change America
  to make it a better place for all people.
The Reform Movement was a political movement
around 1900.

• What kind of people was the Reform
  Movement trying to help?
• The Reform Movement was trying to
  help everybody, but mostly people who
  needed help the most. They focused
  mostly on helping immigrants, factory
  workers, and African-Americans.
The Reform Movement was a political movement
around 1900.

• What had caused most of the problems
  that the Reform Movement was trying
  to solve?
• The Reform Movement was trying to
  solve the problems caused by the
  Industrial Revolution.
The reform movement convinced the government to
pass many new laws. One of these laws was called
the Civil Service Act or the Pendleton Act.

• What is the Civil Service?
• The Civil Service is all the people who
  work for the government.
The reform movement convinced the government to
pass many new laws. One of these laws was called
the Civil Service Act or the Pendleton Act.

• What was the purpose of the Pendleton
  Act?
• The purpose of the Pendleton Act was
  to stop government corruption by
  reforming the Civil Service. It said
  that people had to pass a test before
  they could get a government job.
One group of women reformers, called the
Suffragettes, fought hard to get suffrage for women.

• What is suffrage?
• Suffrage is the right to vote.
One of the many victories the reformers had was
giving women the right to vote.

• What law gave women the right to
  vote?
• The law that gave women the right to
  vote was the 19th Amendment.
Many artists and writers worked for the reform
movement.

• Which cartoonist used his cartoons to
  criticize the government?
• Thomas Nast made political cartoons
  for newspapers. His cartoons showed
  people who the corrupt government
  officials were. People voted against
  those government officials. Some of
  those government officials even went
  to jail.
In the late 19th Century, the government was very
corrupt. Most cities were controlled by party bosses.
Those bosses stole a lot of money and took bribes.

• Who was the most famous of all the
  corrupt party bosses?
• The most famous of all the corrupt
  party bosses was Boss Tweed. He
  controlled New York city.
During the reform movement, some people started
settlement houses.

• What was a settlement house?
• A settlement house was a large house
  for people who needed help.
  Settlement houses helped immigrants,
  working women, and African-
  Americans get a better life. They could
  get free day care, medical care, and
  English classes.
During the reform movement, some people started
settlement houses.

• Which person is most famous for
  starting settlement houses?
• Many people started settlement
  houses, but the most famous of those
  people is Jane Addams.
During the reform movement, writers, photographers,
and artists helped educate people about America’s
problems.

• What did people call the journalists
  who wrote newspaper articles and
  books about Americas problems?
• People called these journalists
  “muckrakers”.
During the reform movement, writers, photographers,
and artists helped educate people about America’s
problems.

• One famous photographer took
  pictures of poor people living in the
  tenements. His pictures taught other
  Americans how difficult life was for
  poor immigrants. Who was the famous
  photographer who took pictures of
  poor people?
• His name was Jacob Riis.
The Progressive Movement was another movement
like the Reform Movement or Populists.

• Who was Upton Sinclair?
• He was a famous progressive movement
  writer who wrote a book about the Meat
  Packing industry. His book taught people
  how dirty and dangerous the meatpacking
  factories were. Because of this book the
  government passed laws giving the
  government the power to inspect
  meatpacking companies and check the
  safety of their products.
In 1901, Vice President Theodore Roosevelt became
President when President McKinley was
assassinated.

• People called Roosevelt a “trustbuster”.
  Why did they call him that?
• They called him a trustbuster because
  he broke up monopolies and trusts.
Theodore Roosevelt was a Progressive President.
He believed in conservation.

• What is conservation?
• Conservation means protecting trees,
  forests and mountains to keep the
  nation natural, beautiful, and clean.
The Reform Movement and the Progressives made
many changes to the Constitution of the United
States of America.

• What did the 16th Amendment do?
• The 16th Amendment gave congress
  the power to collect an income tax.
  Originally, only rich people paid income
  tax, so poor people thought it was
  great.
The Reform Movement and the Progressives made
many changes to the Constitution of the United
States of America.

• What did the 17th Amendment do?
• The 17th Amendment allowed people to
  directly vote to elect their Senators.
  This made America more democratic.
  Before the 17th Amendment, the
  Senators were chosen by the State
  Legislators, not the people.
Child labor laws made it illegal for children to work.
People who passed child labor laws wanted children
to go to school and get an education instead.

• Who was the first President to pass
  Federal child labor laws?
• The first President to pass federal child
  labor laws was President Wilson.
Progressives made new government agencies to
help solve some of America’s problems.


• One of those agencies was the FTC, or
  Federal Trade Commission. What
  specific problem was the FTC trying to
  address?
• The FTC was a special commission set
  up to identify monopolies and trusts.
  Once they were identified, they would
  fine them or break them into smaller
  companies. We still have the FTC
  today.
One of the biggest changes President Wilson made
was the creation of the Federal Reserve Banking
System.

• The Federal Reserve is like a huge
  bank for the whole country. What is
  the purpose of this bank?
• The Federal Reserve Bank controls the
  money supply by either holding back
  large amounts of money or releasing it.
  By controlling the supply, they can
  control the value of our money.

				
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