Revised version - Forestry Commission GB

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					Summary Table for Improved Pan-European Indicators for SFM - quantitative indicators
                                                                                                                   Pre-filled /Partly pre-filled/Data
No.                   Indicator                   1990 2000 2005 2010            Type of reporting
                                                                                                                                provider
C 1: Forest Resources and Carbon
 1.1 Forest area                                   x    x    x     x    Data for a reporting year - 2010       FRA2010 – partly pre-filled; Pilot Table
                                                                        forecasted                             1.1b (by Forest Types) is not pre-filled
 1.2                                               x    x    x     x    Data for a reporting year - 2010       FRA2010 – partly pre-filled; Pilot Table
     Growing stock                                                      forecasted                             1.2b (by Forest Types) is not pre-filled
 1.3 Age structure and/or diameter distribution    x    x    x     x    Data for a reporting year - 2010       Not pre-filled **/
                                                                        forecasted
 1.4 Carbon stock                                  x    x    x     x    Data for a reporting year - 2010       FRA2010 – pre-filled
                                                                        forecasted
C 2: Maintenance of Forest Ecosys-tem Health and Vitality
 2.1 Deposition of air pollutants             x     x     x             Data for available years               ICP/JRC - information in a separate
                                                                                                               material
 2.2 Soil condition                                x    x    x          Data for available years               ICP/JRC - information in a separate
                                                                                                               material
 2.3 Defoliation                                   x    x    x          Data for available years               ICP/JRC - information in a separate
                                                                                                               material
 2.4 Forest damage                                 x    x    x          Data for 5-year period */ Additional   FRA2010 – partly pre-filled
                                                                        table for most severe events
C 3: Productive Functions of Forests (Wood and Non-Wood)
 3.1 Increment and fellings                   x    x    x          x    Data for 5-year period */              Not pre-filled

 3.2 Roundwood                                     x    x    x     x    Data for 5-year period */              UNECE–JFSQ – partly pre-filled

 3.3 Non-wood goods                                          x          Data for a reporting year -2005        FRA2010 – partly pre-filled

 3.4 Services                                                x          Data for a reporting year-2005         Not pre-filled

 3.5 Forests under management plans                x    x    x     x    Data for a reporting year - 2010       Not pre-filled
                                                                        forecasted
C 4: Biological Diversity in Forest Ecosystems
 4.1 Tree species composition                  x        x    x          Data for a reporting year              Not pre-filled
 4.2 Regeneration                              x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010      FRA2010 – partly pre-filled
                                                                forecasted and for 5-year period */
 4.3 Naturalness                               x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010      FRA2010 – partly pre-filled
                                                                forecasted
 4.4 Introduced tree species                   x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010      Not pre-filled
                                                                forecasted
 4.5 Deadwood                                  x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010      Not pre-filled
                                                                forecasted
 4.6 Genetic resources                         x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010 =    Bioversity International - information in a
                                                                recent year ***/                      separate material
 4.7 Landscape pattern                         x    x   x       Based on satellite data               JRC - information in a separate material

 4.8 Threatened forest species                 x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010 =    Not pre-filled
                                                                recent year ***/
 4.9 Protected forests                         x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year 2010        Not pre-filled
                                                                (forecasted)
C 5: Protective Functions in Forest Management
 5.1 Protective forests – soil, water and other x   x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010      Not pre-filled
      ecosystem functions                                       forecasted
 5.2 Protective forests – infrastructure and    x   x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010      Not pre-filled
      managed natural resources                                 forecasted
C 6: Socio-economic functions and conditions
 6.1 Forest holdings                            x   x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010 =    FRA2010 – partly pre-filled
                                                                recent year ***/
 6.2 Contribution of forest sector to GDP      x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010 =    EUROSTAT/FAO – pre-filled
                                                                recent year ***/
 6.3 Net revenue                               x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010 =    EUROSTAT– partly pre-filled
                                                                recent year ***/
 6.4 Expenditures for services                 x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010 =    Not pre-filled
                                                                recent year ***/
 6.5 Forest sector workforce                   x    x   x   x   Data for a reporting year - 2010 =    EUROSTAT
                                                                recent year ***/
 6.6 Occupational safety and health            x    x   x   x   Data for 5-year period */             Not pre-filled
 6.7 Wood consumption                               x      x      x     x   Annual data for the whole reporting    UNECE–JFSQ - information in a
                                                                            period and data for 5-year period */   separate material
 6.8 Trade in wood                                  x      x      x     x   Annual data for the whole reporting    UNECE–JFSQ - information in a
                                                                            period and data for 5-year period */   separate material
 6.9 Energy from wood resources                                         x   2007                                   UNECE-JWEE – partly pre-filled

 6.1 Accessibility for recreation                   x      x      x         Data for a reporting year              Not pre-filled

6.11 Cultural and spiritual values                                x         Data for a reporting year 2005 or      Not pre-filled
                                                                            recent year


*/ Average data for the indicated period should be reported in the corresponding Reporting Tables, i.e. not the data for the “central year ” noted in the head
of this Summary Table, e.g. average for 2003-2007 instead of 2005;

**/ As data from SoEF 2007 are not “pre-filled ” into this Enquiry, you might wish to cross-check your current reporting with the SoEF-2007 database

***/ For 2010, please provide data or estimates for the most recent year available, and indicate the year and data status in “Country comments ”

Note : For Indicators marked by „x“ for corresponding years the National Reporting is required, also checking, completing and/or up-dating if the data were
pre-filled from FRA 2010
                                                     Enquiry
                       State of Forests and Sustainable Forest Management in Europe 2011

                                   NATIONAL DATA REPORTING FORMS
                                                 on
                        MCPFE INDICATORS FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT

                 Quantitative indicators collected and/or validated through UNECE/FAO, Geneva

COUNTRY:              United Kingdom

Date of submission:                                  19-Aug-10

National Correspondent:
              Name: Simon Gillam
        Organisation: Forestry Commission
            Address: Silvan House, 231 Corstorphine Road, Edinburgh, EH12 7AT, UK
          Phone/Fax: +44 (0) 131 314 6280 / +44 (0) 131 316 4344
              E-mail: simon.gillam@forestry.gsi.gov.uk


Other professionals involved in the reporting process:
              Name: Justin Gilbert
        Organisation: Forestry Commission
              E-mail: justin.gilbert@forestry.gsi.gov.uk
     Reporting forms: 1.1b
              Name: Sheila Ward
        Organisation: Forestry Commission
              E-mail: sheila.ward@forestry.gsi.gov.uk
     Reporting forms: 3.2, 6.2, 6.3, 6.9
              Name: Alice Broome
        Organisation: Forest Research
              E-mail: alice.broome@forestry.gsi.gov.uk
     Reporting forms: 4.8
         Name:     Sandy Greig
  Organisation:    Independent consultant
         E-mail:   sandygreig@eircom.net
Reporting forms:   4.9, 5.1, 5.2
         Name:     David Edwards
  Organisation:    Forest Research
         E-mail:   david.edwards@forestry.gsi.gov.uk
Reporting forms:   6.11
         Name:     Tim Yarnell
  Organisation:    Forestry Commission
         E-mail:   tim.yarnell@forestry.gsi.gov.uk
Reporting forms:   6.11
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 1.1a: Forest area

Pan-European indicator 1.1: Area of forest and other wooded land, classified by forest type and by availability for wood supply, and share of forest and other
wooded land in total land area.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Forest available for wood supply, Other land.

Table 1.1a: Forest area
                                                                           Area
              Category                            Year
                                                                         (1000 ha)
Forest                                            2010                                2881
                                                  2005                                2845
                                                  2000                                2793
                                                  1990                                2611
… of which available for wood supply              2010                                2411
                                                  2005                                2375
                                                  2000                                2323
                                                  1990                                2141
Other wooded land                                 2010                                  20
                                                  2005                                  20
                                                  2000                                  20
                                                  1990                                  20
Total forest and other wooded land                2010                                2901
                                                  2005                                2865
                                                  2000                                2813
                                                  1990                                2631
Other land                                        2010                               21349
                                                  2005                               21385
                                                  2000                               21437
                                                  1990                               21619


Country comments:
                         Comments related to              Comments on
              Category
                         data, definitions, etc.              trend(s)
Forest area              Two differences were        All areas reported here
                         noted between UK            are extrapolated from
                         definition of "woodland"    the 1995-99 National
                         and international           Inventory of Woodland
                         definition of "forest":     and Trees, taking
                         canopy cover threshold      account of new
                         20% rather than 10%,        planting. The forecast
                         and minimum area 0.1 ha     for 2010 was projected
                         rather than 0.5 ha. The     forward by two years
                         area of woodland of 0.1-    from the area at March
                         0.5 ha is about 37,000      2008, assuming a
                         hectares, from the survey   similar annual level of
                         of small woods & trees in   new woodland creation
                         the National Inventory of   to 2000-2005.
                         Woodland & Trees 1995-      Provisional UK
                         99 (NIWT). The area of      woodland area
                         woodland with 10-20%        statistics for 2010
                         canopy cover is unknown     published in June
                         because it is outside the   2010 were lower than
                         scope of NIWT, but was      this projection, but the
                         also estimated to be less   projected figures have
                         than 50,000 hectares.       not been revised. First
                         This means that the two     results from the new
                         differences are expected    National Forest
                         to balance out              Inventory will become
                         approximately, so UK        available in 2010, too
                         national statistics were    late for inclusion in this
                         not adjusted for these      report.
                         differences.
FAWS area                                Difference between total
                                         forest and forest
                                         available for wood supply
                                         is estimated to total
                                         470,000 ha for all years;
                                         this was estimated as
                                         being the difference
                                         between High Forest Cat
                                         1 and total species in
                                         NIWT 95-99, plus half of
                                         woods <2ha.
OWL area                                 The area of wood            In the absence of any
                                         pastures, 20,000 ha, was    new information,
                                         used as estimate of other   assume that this figure
                                         wooded land for TBFRA       can be used for all
                                         2000. At present, no        years: 1990, 2000,
                                         information exists for      2005 and 2010.
                                         other types of other
                                         wooded land. A new
                                         estimate should be
                                         produced from National
                                         Forest Inventory data,
                                         perhaps in 2011.


Complementary information:
                 Item                      Related information
Approach to calculation/ specification
for FAWS
Main national categories included in
“Other wooded land”

Reporting notes:
1. The share of FOWL in total land (see indicator text) will be calculated by UNECE/FAO, using figure for “Total land” as maintained by FAOSTAT. Please check
the total land area (Forest, Other Wooded Land and Other Land) used for calculation of your area figures. If that is not in accordance with FAOSTAT, calibration
of the results may be necessary.
2. The country approach to the calculation / specification of “Forest available for wood supply ” (FAWS), as well as the list of national categories included into the
FAWS calculation, should be noted in “Country comments ”.

Data sources:
     References to sources of
                                              Quality (H/M/L)        Table 1.1. Category             Year(s)            Type of inventory     Additional comments
              information
Forestry statistics databases                        M              Forest                       Annual to 2008       Extrapolation from
                                                                                                                      NIWT as described
                                                                                                                      above
National Inventory of Woodland &                     H              Forest                           1995-99          Map based on aerial
Trees (NIWT)                                                                                                          photos and 1% sample
                                                                                                                      field survey
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 1.1b: Forest area by forest types

Pan-European indicator 1.1: Area of forest and other wooded land, classified by forest type and by availability for wood supply, and share of
forest and other wooded land in total land area.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Forest type, Coniferous forest, Broadleaved forest, Mixed forest.

Pilot table 1.1b: Forest area by forest types
                                                                                                      Forest area (1000 ha)
                                      Category
                                                                                      1990             2000           2005             2010
European Forest Types
1. Boreal forest                                                                              n.a              0              n.a               n.a
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest                  n.a             91              n.a               n.a
3. Alpine forest                                                                              n.a              0              n.a               n.a
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest                                                      n.a            271              n.a               n.a
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest                                                                n.a            310              n.a               n.a
6. Beech forest                                                                               n.a             48              n.a               n.a
7. Mountainous beech forest                                                                   n.a              0              n.a               n.a
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest                                                             n.a              0              n.a               n.a
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest                                                               n.a              0              n.a               n.a
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean, Anatolian and Macaronesian regions               n.a              0              n.a               n.a
11. Mire and swamp forest                                                                     n.a              0              n.a               n.a
12. Floodplain forest                                                                         n.a             56              n.a               n.a
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest                                                 n.a             47              n.a               n.a
14. Introduced tree species forest                                                            n.a           1452              n.a               n.a
Unclassified forest                                                                           n.a            518              n.a               n.a
TOTAL                                                                                         n.a           2793              n.a               n.a
Forest types as applied for SoEF2007
Predominantly coniferous forest                                                              1526           1562            1555              1545
Predominantly broadleaved forest                                                              905           1031            1080              1116
Mixed forest                                                                                  180            200             210               220

Country comments:
                                                                                   Comments
                                                                                    related to    Comments on
                                      Category                                        data,        the reported
                                                                                   definitions,        trend
                                                                                       etc.
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest HAP native
                                                                             pinewoods
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest                                     HAPs Upland
                                                                             oak-birch plus
                                                                             Lowland mixed
                                                                             deciduous in
                                                                             West of GB
                                                                             plus Upland
                                                                             oakwoods
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest                                                    HAPs Upland
                                                                                  ashwoods plus
                                                                                  Lowland mixed
                                                                                  deciduous in
                                                                                  East of GB
6. Beech forest                                                                   HAP Beech
                                                                                  woodland
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean, Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest                       Mire and
                                                swamp forest
                                                (EFT 11) may
                                                be present in
                                                the areas
                                                classified here
                                                as
                                                Acidophylous
                                                oak and oak-
                                                birch forest
                                                (EFT 4) as well
                                                as in
                                                Hemiboreal
                                                forest and
                                                coniferous
                                                (EFT 2) and
                                                floodplain
                                                forest (EFT
                                                12). The
                                                available data
                                                from NIWT
                                                1995-99 do not
                                                enable us to
                                                distinguish the
                                                mire forest or
                                                its extent at
                                                this time.
12. Floodplain forest                           HAP Wet
                                                woodlands
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest   HAP Scottish
                                                upland
                                                birchwoods
14. Introduced tree species forest   Native/           Although this
                                     introduced is     area is similar
                                     determined on     to the
                                     a regional        introduced
                                     basis. As with    species area
                                     other             reported in 4.4,
                                     categories,       this is just a
                                     data are only     coincidence,
                                     available for     because the
                                     1995-99, areas    two use
                                     are based on      different
                                     priority HAPs     approaches.
                                     and dominant
                                     species and
                                     exclude
                                     unstocked
                                     areas, small
                                     woods and
                                     Northern
                                     Ireland. All
                                     these aspects
                                     differ from
                                     introduced
                                     species area in
                                     4.4.
Unclassified forest               For this initial
                                  report, this
                                  contains: (a)
                                  254
                                  unstocked:
                                  open space
                                  and
                                  temporarily
                                  felled, (b) 120
                                  in small woods
                                  <2 ha, (c) 83 in
                                  Northern
                                  Ireland, and
                                  (d) 61 other
                                  differences
                                  between NIWT
                                  1995-99 and
                                  year 2000
                                  total.
Predominantly coniferous forest   Based on           2005 and 2010
                                  NIWT               extrapolated,
                                                     taking account
                                                     of losses from
                                                     broadleaved
                                                     restocking of
                                                     harvested
                                                     conifer areas
                                                     exceeds new
                                                     planting of
                                                     conifers.
Predominantly broadleaved forest                                                  Based on        For 2005 and
                                                                                  NIWT            2010,
                                                                                                  calculated by
                                                                                                  subtraction of
                                                                                                  total - (conifer
                                                                                                  + mixed)
Mixed forest                                                                      Mixed was       Extrapolated to
                                                                                  estimated as    increase over
                                                                                  7% from NIWT    time, from
                                                                                  (as in FRA      6.9% in 1990
                                                                                  2000),          to 7.6% in
                                                                                  subtracted      2010; no data
                                                                                  equally from    available until
                                                                                  conifer and     new NFI.
                                                                                  broadleaved.

Reporting notes:
1. Breakdown by the European Forest Types of total forest area, as reported in Table 1.1a, is required; guidance for the application of European Forest Types is
provided in the Annex.
2. Data sources: please specify sources separately only if sources differ for reported European Forest Types.
3. The total area under Category 14 of European Forest Types should correspond to the forest area dominated by introduced tree species in Table 4.4a.
4. EFTs classification covers only stocked forest areas; it is recommended however, to assign unstocked forest areas to EFTs, based on best available
information (cf. p.5). If country had problems to assign some specific stocked forest areas to EFTs, please report those areas under “Unclassified stocked forest
area” and provide explanation in “Country comments” in order to help introducing refinements/new forest types in the future updates of EFTs: e.g.
biogeographical region, regional location within the country, assemblages of dominant tree species.
5. Please also report the forest area according to the old classification system; predominantly coniferous, predominantly broadleaved and mixed forest. These
groups should sum up to the same total forest area as for the new EFTs.

Data sources: (see reporting note 3)
                                                                                      Quality       Table 1.1b                        Type of        Additional
                    References to sources of information                                                              Year(s)
                                                                                      (H/M/L)         Category                       inventory       comments
National Inventory of Woodland & Trees (NIWT)                                            H        All                 1995-99      From 1%
                                                                                                                                   sample field
                                                                                                                                   survey
Allocation of NIWT to Habitat Action Plan (HAP) types, (J Gilbert, date?)          M   All EFT except   1995-99   Based on
                                                                                       14                         species
                                                                                                                  composition
                                                                                                                  within sections
Allocation of HAP types to EFTs (J Gilbert, revised, June 2010)                    M   All EFT          1995-99
[Further work is in progress to allocate the area currently unclassified, and to
estimate changes over time]
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 1.2a: Growing stock

Pan-European indicator 1.2: Growing stock on forest and other wooded land, classified by forest type and by availability for wood supply.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Forest available for wood supply, Growing stock, Broadleaved, Coniferous.

Table 1.2a: Growing stock
                                                                                              Volume (million m³ o.b.)
                      Category                                Year                 Total           ... of which:
                                                                                                   Coniferous          Broadleaved
Forest                                                        2010                          379                  281               98
                                                              2005                          340                  243               97
                                                              2000                          309                  212               97
                                                              1990                          282                  161              121
… of which: Forest available for wood supply                  2010                          340                  266               74
                                                              2005                          300                  228               72
                                                              2000                          268                  197               71
                                                              1990                          238                  148               90
Other wooded land                                             2010                            1                    0                1
                                                              2005                            1                    0                1
                                                              2000                            1                    0                1
                                                              1990                            1                    0                1
Total forest and other wooded land                            2010                          380                  281               99
                                                              2005                          341                  243               98
                                                              2000                          310                  212               98
                                                              1990                          283                  161              122

Country comments:
                                                      Comments related
                                                                              Comments on
                      Category                             to data,
                                                                                trend(s)
                                                       definitions, etc.
General comments                     There has been no     There are concerns
                                     integrated            about some of the
                                     modelling based on    internal consistency
                                     NIWT 95-99. These     and extrapolations.
                                     are the same          In particular,
                                     estimates given in    extrapolated figures
                                     FRA 2010. Conifer     for broadleaved
                                     and broadleaved       1990 may be too
                                     from workings for     high, but at present
                                     FRA.                  there is no good
                                                           basis to produce
                                                           new estimates.

Growing stock on forest area
Growing stock on FAWS                For FAWS, the
                                     volume not
                                     available for wood
                                     supply and
                                     breakdown
                                     conifer/broadleaved
                                     by type are
                                     estimates based on
                                     the other figures,
                                     consitent with
                                     reporting for SoEF
                                     2007; detailed
                                     calculations have
                                     not been done for
                                     this report.
Growing stock on OWL
Growing stock on FOWL

Specification of threshold values:
                       Item                Value               Comment
Minimum diameter (d.b.h.) used                     7 cm
Minimum top diameter used                                            7 cm
Minimum branch diameter used                                         7 cm
Is volume above ground (AG) or above stump (AS)                        AG

Reporting notes:
   1. The categories “Coniferous” and “Broadleaved” are determined by tree species and do not represent “Forest types”;
   2. If more explanations for the National Reporting consistent with FRA-2010 are needed, please refer to the corresponding FRA guidelines at:
   http://www.fao.org/forestry/51315/en/.

Data sources:
                                                                                Table 1.2a                                                   Additional
       References to sources of information             Quality (H/M/L)                               Year(s)        Type of inventory
                                                                                Category                                                     comments
Spreadsheets for FRA 2010, from which main results             M            Forest                      All
are in UK report for FRA 2010. Underlying sources
included those shown below; more detail is given in
FRA report.
Private sector growing stock model for GB (Forest             M/L           Forest                  2000, 2005
Research, unpublished, 2004, 2005)
EFISCEN (European Forest Information Scenario                  M            Forest                     2000                              Used for Northern
Model) data submitted for European Forest Sector                                                                                         Ireland and checks
Outlook Study (EFSOS) (Forest Research,
international return, 2001)
GB softwood availability forecasts and actual                  M            Forest                      All                              Used to estimate
harvesting, published in Forestry Statistics                                                                                             increase in over-
                                                                                                                                         mature volume
Census of Woodlands & Trees 1979-82 (FC Bulletin               M            Forest                     1980                              Data for 1980, to
63 by GML Locke, 1987)                                                                                                                   estimate 1990 by
                                                                                                                                         interpolation
FC/Forest Enterprise operational data for commercial           M            Forest                     2005                              Used in preference
growing stock                                                                                                                            to FR model for this
                                                                                                                                         component
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 1.2b: Growing stock on forest by forest type

Pan-European indicator 1.2: Growing stock on forest and other wooded land, classified by forest type and by availability for wood supply.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Growing stock, Forest type.

Pilot table 1.2b: Growing stock on forest by forest types
                                   Category                                                          Volume (1000 m³ o.b.)
                          (European Forest Types)                                     1990            2000         2005               2010
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean, Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest
TOTAL

Country comments:
                                                                                  Comments
                                                                                   related to    Comments on
                                      Category                                       data,        the reported
                                                                                  definitions,        trend
                                                                                      etc.
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean, Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest

Reporting notes:
1.Breakdown by the European Forest Types of total growing stock on forest area classified by EFTs, as reported in Table 1.2a, is required; guidance for the
application of European Forest Types is provided in the Annex.
2. Data sources: please specify sources separately only if sources differ for reported European Forest Types.
3. Reporting years: as for Table 1.2a (category: forest area).
4. The country approach to the calculation of growing stock by European Forest Types should be documented in “Country comments”, as well as comments on
the reported trend.

Data sources: (see reporting note 3)
                                                                                   Quality       Table 1.2b                       Type of        Additional
                      References to sources of information                                                         Year(s)
                                                                                   (H/M/L)       Category                        inventory       comments
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 1.3a: Age structure and diameter distribution

Pan-European indicator 1.3: Age structure and/or diameter distribution of forest and other wooded land, classified by forest type and by
availability for wood supply.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Forest available for wood supply, Stand, Even-aged stand.

Table 1.3a: Age class distribution (even-aged stands)
                                                                                            Area by age classes (1 000 ha)




                                                   Total area




                                                                                                                                                            Unspecifie
                                                                ≤10 years




                                                                                                                       101-120


                                                                                                                                 121-140
                                          Year




                                                                                                              81-100
                                                                            11-20


                                                                                    21-40


                                                                                              41-60


                                                                                                      61-80
               Category




                                                                                                                                                >140



                                                                                                                                                                d
Forest: even-aged stands                 2010      2881              251      282     733       546     331      170      102              82          91        293
                                         2005      2845              266      299     778       542     287      140       89              79          71        293
                                         2000      2793              264      334     815       524     235      117       80              79          52        293
                                         1990      2611              333      403     735       414     191       93       79              47          44        272
...of which: Forest available for wood   2010      2411              244      261     645       433     240      117       67              52          59        293
supply                                   2005      2375              253      270     680       424     206       96       58              49          46        293
                                         2000      2323              238      301     706       403     167       82       50              49          34        293
                                         1990      2141              297      345     613       314     136       59       48              29          28        272

Country comments:
                                          Comments related to data,
               Category                                                                 Comments on trend(s)
                                             definitions, etc.
Forest even-aged stands                All forest. Unspecified age class As in SoEF 2007, this was rolled
                                       comprises open space, felled and forward from NIWT 1995-99 to
                                       coppice.                          2000, and estimates added for
                                                                         Northern Ireland. Figures for
                                                                         other years were estimated from
                                                                         this 2000 base, taking account of
                                                                         new planting, restocking and
                                                                         areas harvested, and converting
                                                                         from planting year to age at each
                                                                         reporting date. No infrmation is
                                                                         available since NIWT to update
                                                                         the components of the
                                                                         unspecified age area.
... of which: Forests available for wood All FAWS                        Areas not available for wood
supply                                                                   supply were derived as in
                                                                         indicator 1.1, with NIWT giving a
                                                                         breakdown by planting year. The
                                                                         age breakdown for this
                                                                         unchanged area was derived by
                                                                         converting from planting year to
                                                                         age at each reporting date. This
                                                                         was subtracted from total area to
                                                                         estimate area available for wood
                                                                         supply.
How did you distinguish between even- In NIWT 1995-99, all elements
aged and uneven-aged stands?          were assigned to a single age
                                      class, so uneven aged forest not
                                      easily identifiable.

Complementary information:
                 Item                        Related information
Indicate method to determine age


Reporting notes:
1. Respondents are asked to inter- or extrapolate data for age classes if data derived from inventories is from other than reference dates
requested.
2. If data only available for the class "Forest available for wood supply", please provide data for this class and provide the information under
"Country comments".
3. National Correspondents should decide themselves how to classify two-layer stands, either "even"- or "uneven"-aged, but the sufficient
commenting in Country comments should be included.
4. Countries may wish to provide additional information on the distribution by species of different rotation lengths in a separate note or under
“Country comments”.
5. The set of pilot Tables with the explanatory notes and guidance for voluntary reporting on Indicators 1.3, 4.1, 4.3 and 4.5 according to the
new “European Forest Types” classification is annexed to this Enquiry.

Data sources:
      References to sources of                               Table 1.3a                            Type of         Additional
                                         Quality (H/M/L)                         Year(s)
             information                                      Category                            inventory        comments
National Inventory of Woodland &                H          Forest                1995-99      Map based on
Trees (NIWT)                                                                                  aerial photos
                                                                                              and 1% sample
                                                                                              field survey
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 1.3b: Diameter distribution

Pan-European indicator 1.3: Age structure and/or diameter distribution of forest and other wooded land, classified by forest type and by
availability for wood supply.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Forest available for wood supply, Stand, Uneven-aged stands.

Table 1.3b Diameter distribution and total area (uneven-aged stands)
                                                                                               Volume by diameter classes
                                               Area         Total Volume
           Category                  Year                                                             (1 000 m³ o.b.)
                                            (1 000 ha)     (1 000 m³ o.b.)
                                                                              <20 cm       21-40 cm     41-60 cm      >60 cm    Unspecified
Forest: uneven-aged stands           2010            n.a                n.a         n.a           n.a           n.a         n.a          n.a
                                     2005            n.a                n.a         n.a           n.a           n.a         n.a          n.a
                                     2000            n.a                n.a         n.a           n.a           n.a         n.a          n.a
                                     1990            n.a                n.a         n.a           n.a           n.a         n.a          n.a
... of which: Forest available for   2010            n.a                n.a         n.a           n.a           n.a         n.a          n.a
wood supply                          2005            n.a                n.a         n.a           n.a           n.a         n.a          n.a
                                     2000            n.a                n.a         n.a           n.a           n.a         n.a          n.a
                                     1990            n.a                n.a         n.a           n.a           n.a         n.a          n.a

Country comments:
                                                              Comments related to data, definitions,
                         Category                                                                               Comments on trend(s)
                                                                                etc.
Total area of uneven-aged forests                          In NIWT 1995-99, all elements were
                                                           assigned to a single age class, so uneven
                                                           aged forest not identified in reports.
Total volume of uneven-aged forests
Diameter distribution for uneven-aged forests:
Diameter distribution for uneven-aged forests available
for wood supply:

Complementary information:
          Item                                   Related information
Indicate method to determine
diameter structure

Reporting notes:
1. Diameter classes refer to diameter at breast height (d.b.h.) measured (cm over bark) at a height of 1.3 m above ground.
2. If country has different diameter classes in the national reporting system, please re-group accordingly with a sufficient explanation.
3. If data is only available for the class “Forest available for wood supply ”, please provide data for this class and provide the information under
“Country comments ”.
4. The upper limits of classes are inclusive, i.e. in the diameter class ≤20 - the 20cm diameter is included, in the diameter class 21-40cm – the 40
cm diameter is included in this class, etc.
5. The set of pilot Tables with the explanatory notes and guidance for voluntary reporting on Indicators 1.3, 4.1, 4.3 and 4.5 according to the new
“European Forest Types ” classification is annexed to this Enquiry.

Data sources:
  References to sources of        Quality    Table 1.3b                         Type of      Additional
        information               (H/M/L)    Category          Year(s)         inventory     comments
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 1.4: Carbon stock

Pan-European indicator 1.4: Carbon stock of woody biomass on forest and other wooded land.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Carbon in above ground biomass, Carbon in below-ground biomass,
Carbon in deadwood, Carbon in litter, Soil carbon.

Table 1.4: Carbon stock
                            Carbon in above-ground and below-
                                                                    Carbon in deadwood and litter
                                  ground living biomass                                                  Soil carbon
   Category          Year
                             Above-ground       Below-ground         Deadwood            Litter
                                                               Million metric tonnes
Forest               2010               117                  19                   2                 25                 730
                     2005               111                  17                   2                 25                 718
                     2000               104                  15                   2                 25                 702
                     1990               106                  14                   2                 25                 656
Other wooded         2010                 0                   0                   0                  0                   3
land                 2005                 0                   0                   0                  0                   3
                     2000                 0                   0                   0                  0                   3
                     1990                 0                   0                   0                  0                   3
Total forest and     2010               117                  19                   2                 25                 733
other wooded         2005               111                  17                   2                 25                 721
land                 2000               104                  15                   2                 25                 705
                     1990               106                  14                   2                 25                 659

Country comments:
                                                   Comments related to data,
                   Category                   definitions, conversion factors used,       Comments on trend(s)
                                                               etc.
Total carbon stock
Carbon stock in above-ground living biomass As in FRA 2010, which corrected figures
                                            in FRA 2005 . Better factors should be
                                            available from the models being
                                            developed for the 2011 Production
                                            Forecast, but are not available in time
                                            for this report.
Carbon stock in below-ground living biomass    As in FRA 2010 (expand?)
Carbon stock in deadwood                       As in FRA 2010 (expand?)
Carbon stock in litter                         As in FRA 2010 (expand?)
Carbon stock in soil                           As in FRA 2010. The soil carbon content
                                               is relatively high, because much of the
                                               new woodland creation in the 20th
                                               century area consisted of conifer
                                               plantations on upland peaty soils. Also
                                               note that the carbon estimates are to a
                                               depth of 1 metre.
Biomass / carbon conversion factor used /      0.5
applied

Specification of threshold value:
      Item                                        Value
Soil depth (cm)                                  1 metre

Reporting notes:
1. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ... Quotes of
countries‟ official reporting on forest carbon are welcome.
2. Growing stock / biomass conversion factors: please list all conversion factors such as biomass expansion factors and indicate
related source of conversion factor if more than one are used.
3. Please, report in the “Country comments ” the biomass / carbon conversion factor used, also if the default factor has been
used.
4. Soil and litter conversion factors: please list all conversion factors and indicate related source of conversion factor if more
than one are used.
5. You might wish to provide additional data (in “Country comments ” or a supplementary table) which would show an “annual
average increment of carbon” and explain any inconsistency with the data in table 1.4.
6. When compiling the Reporting Form please follow explanations / recommendations on this parameter, which were given in
the corresponding FRA-2010 background documentation / guidelines http://www.fao.org/forestry/51315/en/ .

Data sources:
References to sources                           Table 1.4                                                    Additional
                            Quality (H/M/L)                           Year(s)        Type of inventory
     of information                             Category                                                     comments
NIWT 1995-99: Analysis            M             Deadwood              1995-99       From 1% field
of Management &                                                                     sample
Biodiversity Data
(Gilbert, 2007)
Growing stock (as in              M            Above ground             All                              See comments in
1.2)                                           growing stock                                             1.2
R. Milne, I, Bradley, C.          M             Soil carbon            1990                              In: UK Emissions
Jordan and T. A.W.                                                                                       by Sources and
Brown (2004)                                                                                             Removals by Sinks
Development of an                                                                                        due to Land Use,
improved version of the                                                                                  Land Use Change
soil carbon inventory for                                                                                and Forestry
the UK LULUCF GHG                                                                                        Activities. Annual
Inventory. & D. Mobbs).                                                                                  report (2004) for
                                                                                                         DEFRA Contract
                                                                                                         CEPG1/GA01054
                                                                                                         (Ed. By R. Milne &
                                                                                                         D. Mobbs).
I. Bradley (2003) UK soil         M             Soil carbon            1990
database for modelling
soil carbon fluxes and
land use for the national
carbon dioxide
inventory. Final project
report to Defra for
Project SP0511
R. Milne, R. W.          M      Soil carbon          Projecting from    Im 2004 publication
Tomlinson, D. Mobbs                                1990 to 2000, 2005   cited above
and T.D. Murray (2004)                                  and 2010
Land Use Change and
Forestry: The 2002 UK
Greenhouse Gas
Inventory and
projections to 2020.
R. Milne, Centre for     M   Soil carbon, carbon          All
Ecology & Hydrology,                in litter
personal
communications, 2004-
2005
Forestry statistics      H      Soil carbon               All           Woodland area, to
databases                                                               extrapolate
                                                                        estimates of soil
                                                                        carbon
                                                                         United Kingdom
                                                           Indicator 2.1: Deposition of air pollutants
                                                                   Indicator 2.2: Soil condition
                                                                    Indicator 2.3: Defoliation

The information for these Indicators will be provided separately by other International Data Providers (IDPs); ICP Forests and EU JRC. Information for Indicators
 2.1 and 2.3 will be presented to National Correspondents. If the National Correspondent wishes to request any changes to the data provided, these changes must
be agreed with the country’s ICP Forests focal point and transmitted to ICP Forests Co-ordinating Centre. Information for Indicator 2.2. will not be presented on a
   country basis; in the publication it will be in the form of maps and/or other graphics. Technical Specifications for reporting by IDPs is available in a separate
                                                                document prepared for your information.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 2.4: Forest damage

Pan-European indicator 2.4: Forest and other wooded land with damage, classified by primary damaging agent (abiotic, biotic and human
induced) and by forest type.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Damage to forest, Primarily damaged by insects and disease, Primarily damaged
by wildlife and grazing, Primarily damaged by storm, wind, snow or other identifiable abiotic factors, Primarily human induced, Primarily
damaged by fire.

Table 2.4a: Forest damage
                                                              Area damaged by different agents
                                                Primarily damaged by             Damage primarily                 Primarily damaged
                                                    biotic agents                 human induced                    by abiotic agents
                                                                                                                                        Primarily damaged by
                                   Total




                                                                                  operations




                                                                                                                       snow, etc.
    Category           Year                     disease                                                                                           fire




                                                                grazing
                                                                Wildlife
                                                Insects


                                   area




                                                                                                                        Storm,
                                                                                    Forest




                                                                                                      Other




                                                                                                                         wind,
                                                  and




                                                                  and
                                                                               1000 ha                                                  1000 ha No. of fires
Forest                 2005                11             1                3                   0              0                     6          1         400
                       2000                11             1                3                   0              0                     6          1         360
                       1990                11             1                3                   0              0                     6          1         660
Other wooded           2005                 0             0                0                   0              0                     0          0            0
land                   2000                 0             0                0                   0              0                     0          0            0
                       1990                 0             0                0                   0              0                     0          0            0
Total forest and       2005                11             1                3                   0              0                     6          1         400
other wooded land      2000                11             1                3                   0              0                     6          1         360
                       1990                11             1                3                   0              0                     6          1         660

Table 2.4b: Major damages affecting forest health and vitality
                                 Tree species or
                                                        Year(s) of latest                                                               If cyclic, approx. cycle
     Description / name          genera affected                                                   Area affected (1000 hectares)
                                                             outbreak                                                                            (years)
                                (scientific name)
Pine beauty moth (Panolis
flammea)                         Pinus contorta                   1987                         <500 ha                       6-7 years
Pine looper moth (Bupalus        Pinus sylvestris, P.
piniarius)                       contorta                         2004                         <500 ha                       6-7 years
                                 Larix kaempferi,
Phytophthora ramorum             Quercus falcata                  2003                         <500 ha
                                 Fagus sylvatica,
Phytophthora kernoviae           Quercus spp                      2004                        <500 ha
Phytophthora disease of alder    Alnus spp                        1993                  15% of affected areas
Oak Processionary Moth
(Thaumetopoea processionea)      Quercus spp                      2006                        <500 ha
                                 Quercus robur,                                     Widespread distribution (>500
Acute Oak Decline                Q.petraea                        2006                 ha) and local mortality
Bleeding Canker of Horse                                                               Widespread distribution
Chestnut (Pseudomonas            Aesculus                                               (around 50% showed
syringae pathovar aesculi)       hippocastanum                    c2001             symptoms) and local mortality
Great spruce bark beetle                                                            Local mortality but widespread
Dendroctonus micans)             Picea spp                        1995                       distribution
Red band needle blight           Pinus nigra var
(Dothistroma septosporum)        maritima, Pinus spp              2007                70% of stands of P. nigra

Country comments:

           Category                                Comments related to data, definitions, etc.                         Comments on trend(s)
Annual average area damaged Given the high threshold adopted for reporting, there is likely to be little overlap
by all agents               between areas damaged from more than one cause, so add the areas to get
                            total area affected in a year.
Primarily damaged by insects     For insect and disease damage, there is a problem of going from area showing
and disease                      damage (the normal basis for monitoring) to area newly affected in a year. Any
                                 figures would be speculative, and probably not comparable with figures reported
                                 for other types of damage. As in UK reporting for Global FRA 2010, it is therefore
                                 preferred to adopt for the UK a much higher threshold “cause mortality or such
                                 severe dieback that the forest ecosystem changes”. Regular monitoring data are
                                 not available on this basis, but expert advice is that on this basis the area newly
                                 affected in a year is less than 1,000 hectares on average.
Primarily damaged by wildlife    For disturbance by wildlife and grazing, NIWT recorded the proportion of forest
and grazing                      area with damage present, not the area damaged in a single year. Where
                                 present, mammal damage is likely to have been persistent for many years, so
                                 the presence of new damage need not imply that the area is newly affected.
                                 There can be overlaps between the areas recorded with mammal bark stripping
                                 and mammal browsing. The highest category recorded (more than 50% of trees
                                 affected) applied to more than 30,000 ha; as even this may not be enough to
                                 exceed the threshold adopted for FRA reporting, a plausible assumption is
                                 around 3 thousand hectares newly affected in each year.
Damage primarily human           There is no evidence of significant areas suffering levels of damage through
induced forest operations        forest operations comparable with the threshold adopted for this indicator.
Human-induced damages            There is no evidence of significant areas suffering levels of other human-induced
reported under “Other ”          damage comparable with the threshold adopted for this indicator.
Primarily damaged by abiotic     For disturbance by abiotic factors (windblow), the relevant area is the average      Estimate similar level
agents e.g. storm, wind, snow,   annual area of growing stock windblown, rather than the much larger area             for 1990, 2000 and
etc.                             affected by windblow. NIWT reports the area of blown woodland that remained          2005 (5 year averages),
                                 uncleared at the survey date. To convert this to an estimate of the area blown in    as there were no
                                 a year, we need an assumption about the average lag before clearance. Some           catastrophic storms with
                                 may be cleared quickly, if it has good quality timber in a sizeable area with good   estimated windthrown
                                 access, but other areas may be left uncleared for years; there will also be          growing stock
                                 variations between species in extent of timber deterioration over time. If we        exceeding 2 million m3
                                 assume that the area blown remains uncleared for 1 year on average, the area         or 2000 ha in any of
                                 blown in a year would be about the same as the area recorded by NIWT.                these periods (the last
                                                                                                                      was in October 1987).

Primarily damaged by fire        Annual data were collected until 2003-04 for the number of fires and area            A new vegetation fire
                                 burned, for state forest only. Assuming a similar number of fires and % of area      monitoring system,
                                 affected in other forests, the annual total could be around 500 hectares for all     including forest fires,
                                 forests - this has been rounded up to 1 thousand hectares. Similarly the number      was introduced in 2009,
                                 of fires in state forest areas has been doubled to estimate totals that include      but no data are yet
                                 private land.                                                                        available from that
                                                                                                                      source.
Major damages affecting forest The list has been updated since the UK report for Global FRA 2010. Acute Oak
health and vitality            Decline has been added and Horse Chestnut Leaf Miner removed to keep the
                               total of ten. Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi) has been added to the species
                               affected by Phytophthora ramorum.

Complementary information:
                         Item                                                     Related information
Minimum size of damaged FOWL reported
(recommended minimum size >0.5 ha)
Criteria and minimum thresholds used to determine
area as “damaged”
Criteria used to determine which agents were
“primarily” damaging
Share of human induced fires

Reporting notes:
1. An important change was introduced to this table compared with the 2007 reporting. Now this table is asking for the average area damaged during the
specific year(s) within the period (as in FRA 2010), not the area with damage present (as in SoEF 2007). If for example damage occurred in 2001, the area
affected should be included only once in the calculation for 1998-2002, and even if the damage is still present in 2003 it should not be included in the
calculation for 2003-2007.
2. Figures for the reporting years refer to the averages of annually affected areas for the 5-year periods 1988-1992, 1998-2002 and 2003-2007 respectively,
not the data for the “central year” (1990, 2000, 2005) noted in the Table.
3. It is up to the countries to define the threshold level for the minimum size of damaged forest and other wood land to be reported. It is recommended that
the minimum size be >0.5 ha (or corresponding level of other characteristics).
4. “Primarily ” is mainly related to the severity of damage. The area damaged by various agents within the same year (no matter which kind of agent and
how many subsequent agents) should be counted just once.
5. Sub-class “Primarily damaged by biotic agents – Wildlife and grazing ”: this category includes a range of damages by different wildlife, including bark
removal by deer and damages caused by rodents. Please use “Country comments ” to specify types of damages included.
6. Sub-class “Primarily damaged by Fire”: Please indicate under “Country comments:” the % of area affected by fire that is human induced. Other available
information on the causes of fires may also be included.
7. Sub-class “Primarily damaged by abiotic agents – Storm, wind, snow, etc .” comprises: Storm, wind, snow, drought, mudflow, avalanche and other
identifiable abiotic factors.
8. Sub-class “Damage primarily human induced – Forest operations ”: these include damages incurred in the process of the road building and landings
setting, or harvesting damage, incl. through skidding tracks, hauling and transport.
9. Sub-class “Damage primarily human induced - Other ”: these include e.g. damage from visitors to forests; vandalism, etc. Note that human induced fire is
not to be reported in this class, but to be specified under “Country comments ”. Please indicate which “other ” damage classes are reported here.
10. Total area damaged is not necessarily the sum of damage by cause, as some areas may be damaged by more than one agent.
11. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ.

Data sources:
   References to sources of       Quality   Table 2.4                  Type of
                                                          Year(s)                     Additional comments
         information              (H/M/L)   Category                  inventory
Forest fire statistics               H      Fire         1988-9 to                Discontinued after 2003-04
                                                          2003-4
Analysis of Management &             M      Wildlife     1995-99      From        Area damaged, not damage in
Biodiversity Data, J Gilbert,               and                       NIWT        year
2007                                        grazing                   sample
                                                                      squares
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 3.1: Increment and fellings

Pan-European indicator 3.1: Balance between net annual increment and annual fellings of wood on forest available for wood
supply.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Forest available for wood supply, Growing stock, Gross annual increment, Net annual
increment, Natural losses, Fellings.

Table 3.1: Increment and fellings
                                                                                                             Fellings
                                                Gross annual       Natural         Net annual
                                                                                                                  ... of which: of
                 Category              Year      increment         losses          increment         Total
                                                                                                                  natural losses
                                                                             Volume (1000 m³ o.b.)
Forest available for wood supply       2010             20820              120         20700             10500                 100
                                       2005             20820              120         20700             10560                 100
                                       2000             20820              120         20700              9680                 100
                                       1990             18120              120         18000              7950                 100

Country comments:
                                      Comments related to data, definitions,
                 Category                                                                     Comments on trend(s)
                                                         etc.
Gross annual increment               Calculated from Net annual increment +
                                     Natural losses
Natural losses                       No information is available on natural       No information on trends; estimate from TBFRA
                                     losses. An estimate of 120 th m3 a year      2000 repeated for all years.
                                     was given in TBFRA 2000, repeated
                                     here.
Net annual increment                 From EFISCEN data submitted 2001. Not        No information on trends since 2000; estimate
                                     considered reliable, but nothing better is   from EFISCEN data repeated for 2005 and 2010.
                                     yet available. Better data should be
                                     available in 2011.
Total fellings                       See below. 2010 uses removals figures
                                     for 2008 and 2009, as in 3.2.
Fellings of natural losses             No information is available on fellings of
                                       natural losses. An estimate of 100 th m3
                                       a year was given in TBFRA 2000,
                                       repeated here.

Complementary information:
               Item                                       Related information
Method used to determine "fellings"    Fellings (standing volume overbark) calculated as
                                       removals (underbark) multiplied by about 1.25 (1.244
                                       SW, 1.27 HW). This factor combines factors from
                                       underbark to overbark (1.12 SW, 1.143 HW) and
                                       overbark to standing volume (1.111).
Characterize method and way(s) that Sustainable yield and annual allowable cut are not
“Sustainable yield”/”Annual allowable defined for UK. For softwood, future availability is
cut” is estimated in your country     forecast every five years, taking account of age structure.

Report the volume of “Sustainable
yield”/”Annual allowable cut” if
estimated for your country

Reporting notes:
1. Growing stock, increment, natural losses and fellings are reported over bark.
2. Figures for the reporting years refer to the averages for the 5-year periods 1988-1992, 1998-2002 and 2003-2007 respectively,
i.e. not the data for the “central year” (1990, 2000, 2005) noted in the Table above, e.g. 2003-2007 instead of 2005. For 2010 -
average values from 2008 and 2009 should be used.
3. If no data on “Natural losses” exists, the country may provide reporting of NAI, with the accompanying comments.

4. Fellings of natural losses include felling of dead trees and cutting of trees already brought down by natural cause, e.g. by storm.

Data sources:
                                                      Quality         Table 3.1                        Type of          Additional
    References to sources of information                                               Year(s)
                                                      (H/M/L)         Category                        inventory         comments
EFISCEN (European Forest Information              L     Net annual      1990, 2000   Loosely based on
Scenario Model) data submitted for European             increment                    NIWT 1995-99
Forest Sector Outlook Study (EFSOS) (Forest
Research, international return, 2001), reported
in UK Indicators of Sustainable Forestry 2002
Indicator D1 and correction on website
Joint Forest Sector Questionnaire: JQ1            M      Fellings          All
removals
UK Report for temperate & Boreal Forest           L   Natural losses,
Resources Assessment (TBFRA) 2000                     fellings of
                                                      natural losses
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 3.2: Roundwood

Pan-European indicator 3.2: Value and quantity of marketed roundwood
Related SoEF definitions: Removals, Roundwood, Industrial roundwood, Woodfuel, Removals for commercial use, Marketed roundwood.

Table 3.2: Removals
                                                               Industrial roundwood                               Woodfuel
                           Total Volume of removals
    Category        Year                                    Volume               Value                   Volume             Value
                                 (1000 m³ u.b.)
                                                          1000 m³ u.b.       1000 Euro/ECU             1000 m³ u.b      1000 Euro/ECU
Total removals      2010                        8432                 7683              248100                      749             20500
                    2005                        8476                 8166              296400                      310              7300
                    2000                        7766                 7537              312100                      229              5800
                    1990                        6374                 6148              272400                      226              4200
… of which          2010                        8382                 7683              248100                      699             19100
marketed            2005                        8426                 8166              296400                      260              6100
                    2000                        7716                 7537              312100                      179              4500
                    1990                        6324                 6148              272400                      176              3300
... of which from   2010                        8432                 7683              248100                      749             20500
forest              2005                        8476                 8166              296400                      310              7300
                    2000                        7766                 7537              312100                      229              5800
                    1990                        6374                 6148              272400                      226              4200

Country comments:
        Category                        Comments related to data, definitions, etc.                          Comments on trend(s)
General comments

Industrial roundwood       Volume based on deliveries to wood processing, reported as underbark    Industrial woodfuel removals increased
removals – Volume          volumes or green tonnes (converted to underbark volumes using factors   steadily as plantations established from the
                           of 0.982 for softwood and 0.875 for hardwood). Non-marketed volumes     1950s to 1980s reached felling age. The
                           (e.g. own use by farm woodland owners) and volumes from outside         years 2008 and 2009 (jointly used for 2010)
                           forest are believed to be negligible.                                   showed a dip as the economic downturn
                                                                                                   affected markets and increasing volumes
                                                                                                   went to wood energy.
Industrial roundwood       Values calculated as in FRA 2010 Table T11. Methodology used JQ1                The unit value of industrial roundwood (logs
removals – Value           volumes as above, and unit values from FC sales as used for                     and pulpwood) has decreased by arouid
                           Economics Accounts for Forestry - for more detailed workings see FRA            14% (in sterling, current prices) over the
                           2010 report. For this report, 1990 unit value calculation revised to be fully   period since 1990, representing a much
                           consistent with later data, and other minor revisions to volume and unit        larger fall in real terms (constant prices).
                           value data before 2008. Volumes and unit values for 2010 derived using
                           similar method, using average of 2008/09 and 2009/10.
Woodfuel removals –        Based on various sources, including an expert estimate that implicitly          Some of the increases in woodfuel reported
Volume                     includes non-marketed volumes. For this report, it is estimated that            in annual data represent improved
                           around 50,000 m3 of this woodfuel in each year is not marketed. In              coverage rather than actual increases in
                           addition to the woodfuel reported in JFSQ, it was estimated for JWEE            that year, but the figures for the reporting
                           that in 2007 at least 100,000 m3 was coming from trees outside forest,          dates in this table give a reasonable
                           mainly arboricultural arisings, but at present the data quality is not          indication of the time trend.
                           adequate to include this in JFSQ statistics for UK, and it is not included
                           in this table.
Woodfuel removals –        Same methodology as for industrial roundwood value. From 2008/09                The unit value of woodfuel increased
Value                      used total of categories woodfuel and firewood; previously just used            relative to pulpwood throughout the period:
                           firewood as reported woodfuel was negligible. Unrounded £ values taken          having been only 50-60% of the unit value
                           from underlying FRA 2010 spreadsheet to calculate Euro values (FRA              of pulpwwod around 1990, it is now a
                           2010 report rounded to £100k). Allocated to marketed and non-marketed           similar unit value to pulpwood.
                           pro-rata to volumes.

Complementary information:
                          Item                                      Related information
Bark conversion factor from "over bark" to "under bark" In UK statistics the factor is 0.893 for
                                                        softwood and 0.875 for hardwood, but not
                                                        needed for compiling these figures.
Approach used to determine “marketed”
Approach used to determine value                        Unit value based on Forestry Commission
                                                        harvesting and marketing data for sales
                                                        (harvested, at roadside)

Reporting notes:
1. Roundwood is to be reported “under bark”. “Total removals” include roundwood removed from all land-use categories, not only from forest or
other wooded land.
2. The assessment of “Total removals” and “Total removals from forest” should also include wood that is removed for subsistence use with the
value calculated on the basis of local roadside prices.
3. “Marketed” roundwood comprises all roundwood sold on markets. It excludes roundwood harvested for self-consumption (subsistence) and
other forms of uses without market transaction.
4. The value reported should be the market value at the site of removal. If possible, felled (roadside) values should be reported. If a different basis
is used (e.g. standing sales value), values should be converted to felled (roadside). In case where values are obtained from a point further down
the production chain, transport costs and possible handling and/or processing costs should be discounted. Values and conversion factors used in
the calculation should be provided in the comments.
5. Figures for the reporting years refer to the averages for the 5-year periods 1988-1992, 1998-2002 and 2003-2007 respectively, i.e. not the data
for the “central year” (1990, 2000, 2005) noted in the Table above, e.g. 2003-2007 instead of 2005. For 2010 - average values from 2008 and
2009 should be used.
6. The pre-filled figures (if any) are drawn from the UNECE/FAO TIMBER database as of February 2010. Kindly note that any data for 2010 are in
fact based on the year 2008 only. These data can be found through the FAOSTAT database at
http://faostat.fao.org/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=630&lang=en and at the UNECE at http://timber.unece.org/index.php?id=207.

Data sources:
References to sources of                                                                                                              Additional
                                   Quality (H/M/L)         Table 3.2 Category            Year(s)           Type of inventory
        information                                                                                                                   comments
JQ1 (and previous TB1)                    H               Volumes                     1988 to 2008    Based on deliveries
international returns                                                                                 to wood processors
                                                                                                      and other users
Forestry Commission unit                  M               Unit values              1988/89 to 2009/10 From sales recording Roadside values for
sales values in working                                                                               system               outputs from direct
sheets for Economic                                                                                                        working.
Accounts for Forestry and
IEEAF
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 3.3: Non-wood goods

Pan-European indicator 3.3: Value and quantity of marketed non-wood goods from forest and other wooded land.
Related SoEF definitions: Non-wood goods, Marketed non-wood goods.

Table 3.3: Non-wood goods (2005)
                                                                   Total         Marketed non-wood goods
                                                                 harvested                                        Non-wood
  Rank        Name of (groups of)                                                                  Value in
                                      Key species      Unit      non-wood                                           goods
 (value)           product                                                        Quantity        Euro/ECU
                                                                  goods -                                          category
                                                                                                    (1000)
                                                                  quantity
                                     Picea abies,                                                      76000
    1st    Christmas trees           Pinus           number          6500000         6500000                         1
                                                                                                        6000
                                     Hypnum,
    2nd    Foliage and moss          Sphagnum, etc    tonnes              n.a.               45                      6
                                     Cervus                                                             5100
                                     elaphus,
                                     Capreolus
    3rd    Venison                   capreolus        tonnes            3500            3500                         8
    4th    Honey                     Bombus spp       tonnes             200             200            1200         11
                                     Boletus,                                                            550
                                     Cantharellus,
    5th    Mushrooms                 etc              tonnes              n.a.               50                      2
                                     Sambucus                                                             380
    6th    Elderflowers              nigra            tonnes              n.a.           100                         7
    7th    Tree seed                                  tonnes              n.a.            13              220        7
    8th    Nettles                   Urtica dioica    tonnes              n.a.            2.5              32        7
                                                                                                            7
    9th    Yew clippings             Taxus baccata    tonnes              n.a.               15                      5
                                     Vaccinium                                                                6
    10th     Bilberries              myrtillus        tonnes              n.a.                4                      3
All other plant products                                                                                      0
All other animal products                                                                                     0
TOTAL                                                                                                     89495

Country comments:
                                   Comments related to data, definitions,
    Product (group of products)                                                           Comments on trend(s)*/
                                                  etc.
                                                                                The BCTGA estimate that UK production of
                                                                                Christmas trees increased from 2.5 million in
1st Christmas trees                                                             1990 to 6.5 million in 2004.
                                  No information is available on non-
2nd Foliage and moss              commercial collection
                                                                                Production of venison is estimated to have
                                                                                increased from around 800 tonnes in 1990, to
                                                                                around 2600 tonnes in 2000 and 3500 tonnes
3rd Venison                                                                     in 2005.
                                                                                The advent of Verroa in 1995 severely
                                                                                affected honey production. Production
                                                                                recovered in the following decade as bee
                                                                                farmers adjusted to Verroa losses and control
4th Honey                                                                       measures.
                                  In addition to the commercial collection of
                                  mushrooms shown here, there is believed
                                  to be substantial non-commercial
5th Mushrooms                     collection of wild mushrooms.
                                  No information is available on non-
6th Elderflowers                  commercial collection.
                                  No information is available on non-
7th Tree seed                     commercial collection.
                                  No information is available on non-
8th Nettles                       commercial collection.
                                  No information is available on non-
9th Yew clippings                 commercial collection.
                                  No information is available on non-
10th Bilberries                   commercial collection.
                                       In addition to the commercial collection of
                                       plant products shown here and in FRA
                                       2010, there is believed to be substantial
                                       non-commercial collection of food
                                       products, particularly blackberries
                                       (Rubus), but no good estimates are
All other plant products               available.
                                       Other wild game from woodlands, such as
                                       woodcock and wood pigeon, are taken in
                                       large numbers, but contribute little to the
                                       overall weight produced and their meat is
                                       low value, so they have been omitted.
                                       Reared woodland game (e.g. pheasant)
                                       have been excluded. No information is
                                       available for any animal products other
All other animal products              than venison and honey.
*/ Table 3.3 demands information for 2005 only, information on observed trends is welcome.

Reporting notes:
1. Non-wood goods categories:
Code*/          Plant products / raw materials         Code*/            Animal products / raw materials
        1 Christmas/New Year trees                             8 Game meat
        2 Mushrooms and truffles                               9 Living animals
        3 Fruits, berries and edible nuts                     10 Pelts, hides, skins and trophies
        4 Cork                                                11 Wild honey and bee-wax
          Resins, raw material- medicine, aromatic
        5                                                     12 Raw material for medicine, colorants
          products, colorants, dyes
          Decorative foliage, incl. ornamental plants,
        6                                                     13 Other animal products
          mosses, etc…
        7 Other plant products
*/ Code (number) can be used for references in the Table (ranking) and “Country comments ”.
2. “Marketed ” non-wood goods comprise all non-wood goods sold on markets. It excludes non-wood goods harvested for self-
consumption (subsistence) and other forms of uses without market transaction.
3. Reference area for reporting is “Total forest and other wooded land ”, not further divided into sub-classes. If data is available for
sub-class “Forest ” only, please report on this sub-class with explicit reference to “Forest ” and provide a note under “Country
comments ”. If data is available for certain forest areas or ownership classes (e.g. state forests), but not for others, data should be
reported with explicit indication of area (ha) and/or reference to the ownership class.
4. The non-wood good categories “Christmas/New Year trees”, “Living animals” as well as “Pelts, hides, skins and trophies” are to
be reported in 1000 pieces, all other categories in tonnes. If goods are reported in different measurement units than those
recommended, please specify under “Country comments”.
5. “Mushrooms and truffles” and “Fruits, berries and nuts” : Products from mushroom farms or fruits from trees outside forests,
such as orchards, are to be excluded.
6. “Resins, raw material for medicine, aromatic products, colorants and dyes ” includes extracts e.g. tannins, raw material for
industrial extracts, essential and cosmetic oils.
7. “Other plant products” includes other products collected from forest and other wooded land, such as fodder, reproductive
material (e.g. seeds, parts of plants) or other plant-based raw material for food and beverages. Note that grazing in the forest
should be excluded. Please specify further categories if necessary.

8. “Game meat” (in tonnes) and “Living animals” (in 1000 pieces) “from forest and other wooded land” is to be understood to
include game whose habitat is forest-related or –dependent. Please use expert judgment in classifications and provide information
on game classes included under “country comments”. Meat and harvest from game farms are to be excluded. Note that marketed
game only is to be included. Licenses for hunting are to be reported as “Marketed Service” under Reporting Form 9 “Services”.
Only those marketed living animals that were caught in their natural habitat, should be reported under category “Living animals”.

Data sources:
      References to sources of               Quality       Table 3.3                       Type of         Additional
                                                                          Year(s)
            information                      (H/M/L)       Category                       inventory        comments

Roger Hay, British Christmas Tree
Growers Association (BCTGA)
(personal communication, 2005)                 M/L        1
                                                                                       Compilation for
                                                                                       FRA 2005,
Jenny Wong, Wild Resources Limited,                                                    included using
Bangor (personal communication,                                                        sources listed
2004)                                          M/L        all others                   below
Dyke A. and Primrose D. (2002) Non-
timber forest product study. Scottish
Forest Industries Cluster.
 Murray M. and Simcox H. (2003) Use
of wild living resources in the United
Kingdom – A review. UK Committee
for IUCN.
Prendergast H.D.V. and Sanderson H.
(2004) Britain‟s wild harvest. Royal
Botanic Gardens, Kew
Sanderson H. and Prendergast H.D.V.
(2002) Commercial uses of wild and
traditionally managed plants in
England and Scotland. Royal Botanic
Gardens, Kew.
Wong J. and Dickinson B. (2003)
Current status and development
potential of woodland and hedgerow,
Wild Resources Limited, Bangor
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 3.4: Services

Pan-European indicator 3.4: Value of marketed services on forest and other wooded land.
Related SoEF definitions: Marketed forest services.

Table 3.4: Marketed Services
                                                        Service provision in 2005
  Rank            Name of                                                                  Forest service
                                         Unit        Amount of         Value in Euro
 (value)       service/product                                                               category*/
                                                   service/product         (1000)
    1st    Recreation                 £ income          £17.9 million             26200         3.2
   2nd     Other FC income            £ income           £8.4 million             12300          4
   3rd     Ecosystem services                                     n.a               n.a.         1
    4th    Carbon storage                                           0                 0         2.2
    5th
    6th
    7th
    8th
    9th
   10th
           Remaining total                                                          n.a.
Total                                                                               n.a.
*/ Please select and insert an appropriate category (code) from Reporting note 2.

Country comments:
           Category                     Comments related to data, definitions, etc.             Comment on trend(s)*/
General comments                     Converted to euros at 2005 exchange rate of 1.4624
                                    Total income classified as "Recreation, Conservation
                                    and Heritage" in Forestry Commission accounts for
                                    England, Scotland and Wales in 2005-06 = £17.9
                                    million. FC is thought to cover most of marketed
1st                                 recreation, but the total in the accounts will not
                                    include all the income of those providing services
                                    through franchises (e.g. bike hire, cafes in forest
                                    centres). Excludes Northern Ireland. No information
                                    is available for private sector and others.
                                    The FC accounts for 2005-06 report £8.4 million           There is considerable potential for the
                                    other income from the estate. This will have been         development of windfarms on the forest
                                    from various sources, including payments from             estate. The extent has increased since
                                    windfarms using forest land. Excludes Northern            2005, with total income (other than
2nd                                 Ireland. No information is available for private sector   RCH) increasing to £25.6 million in
                                    and others.                                               2008-09. There could also be the
                                                                                              potential for small-scale hydro power
                                                                                              developments, particularly in Scotland.
                                    The values of marketed environmental and                  The potential for payments for
                                    protective services in 2005 are thought to be small.      ecosystem services has been explored
3rd                                                                                           in various studies in recent years, but
                                                                                              no systems are yet in place.
                                    There could be potential for large amounts of income
                                    linked to carbon sequestration, but no arrangements
4th
                                    are generally in place for owners to secure such
                                    income.
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
*/ Table 3.4 demands information for 2005 only, information on observed trends is welcome.

Complementary information:
               Item                                  Related information
Reference area if different from
“Total FOWL”: e.g. ownership class

Reporting notes:
1. Marketed services reported should be forest-dependent or mainly forest-related, but are not necessarily to be marketed by
forest owners (e.g. eco-tourism). Forest-related means that forests constitute an essential element of the service marketed. Please
provide information on types of services included in the different classes under “Country comments”, and report in appropriate sub-
classes if possible. Note that only marketed services involving some kind of financial transaction should be included, and not
hypothetical values of services that are currently free of cost to users/consumers.
2. Categories of forest services (source: Study on the Development and Marketing of Non-Market Forest Products and Services) -
more information and the final report of the project is now available at the European Commission Agriculture and Rural
Development web page: http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/analysis/external/forest_products/. For each reported service/product
please assign this to the most detailed category from the list below.
             Category                     Code
Ecological services                               1
Water protection                                1.1
Soil protection                                 1.2
Health protection                               1.3
Biospheric services                               2
Biodiversity protection                         2.1
Climate regulation                              2.2
Social services                                   3
Tourism                                         3.1
Recreation                                      3.2
Sport activities                                3.3
Amenity services                                  3
Spiritual services                              3.1
Cultural services                               3.2
Historical services                             3.3
Other services                                    4
3. Marketed biospheric services include services related to indicator 4.6 (in-situ or ex-situ gene conservation of genetic resources)
as well as indicator 4.9 (protected forest area) e.g. nature protection on a voluntary contractual basis with compensation or other
payments from private or public bodies (this includes Natura 2000). This class also includes carbon-sequestration related
afforestation projects in the context of the Kyoto Protocol – should such projects be included, please specify the amount under
“Country comments”. Note that the reporting under this category is complementary to reporting under indicator 4.9. While in
indicator 4.9 the main objective is to determine the quality of protection, the main focus here is to determine monetary values from
market or quasi-market transaction for environmental services.
4. Marketed ecological services include those related to indicators 5.1 and 5.2 (protection of soil, water and other environmental
functions as well as infrastructure and managed natural resources) on a voluntary contractual basis with compensation or other
payments from private or public bodies.
5. Marketed social services include e.g. hunting or fishing licenses, renting of huts and houses as well as forest-based leisure,
sport and outdoor adventure activities and educational services that are not free of cost to consumers (the public, schools,..).
Please use “Country comments” to report on further criteria used for including different services. Recreational services not
6. Amenity services include those related to spiritual, cultural and historical functions, e.g. sacred, religious, or other forms of
spiritual inspiration, sites of worship, landscape features (mountains and waterfalls), “memories‟‟ in the landscape from past
cultural ties, aesthetic enjoyment and inspiration, historic artifacts.
7. Other marketed services include e.g. payments to woodland owners for licenses for gravel extraction, telecommunication masts,
wind farms and electricity distribution.
8. The reference area for reporting is “Total FOWL”, not further divided into sub-classes “Forest” and “Other wooded land”. If data
is available for some forest areas, e.g. for state forests or sub-class “Forest”, please give an expert judgment on the likely value for
”Total forest and other wooded land”. Please report on actually available data on which expert judgment is based under “Country
comments ”.

Data sources:
    References to sources of             Quality         Table 3.4                                                      Additional
                                                                                Year(s)        Type of inventory
           information                   (H/M/L)         Category                                                       comments
Forestry Commission Annual                  H         Recreation and           2005-06         Accounting
Reports & Accounts                                     other income                            systems
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 3.5: Forests under management plans

Pan-European indicator 3.5: Proportion of forest and other wooded land under a management plan or equivalent.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest management plan, Equivalent of forest management plan.

Table 3.5: Forests under management plans
                                                    Management plans            Equivalents                     Total
              Category                   Year
                                                                                    (%)
Forest                                   2010                          44                       14                      58
                                         2005                          40                       10                      50
                                         2000                          45                       11                      56
                                         1990                           6                       38                      45
Other wooded land                        2010                           0                        0                       0
                                         2005                           0                        0                       0
                                         2000                           0                        0                       0
                                         1990                           0                        0                       0
Total forest and other wooded land       2010                          44                       14                      57
                                         2005                          40                       10                      50
                                         2000                          44                       11                      55
                                         1990                           6                       38                      44

Country comments:
                                          Comments related to data,
              Category                                                                  Comment on trend(s)
                                             definitions, etc.
Management plans                      This report uses updated                 Formal Forest Design Plans for state forests were
                                      information on Forest Design Plans       introduced in the 1990s, so for 1990 all areas are
                                      for state forests, together with a new   just considered to have equivalents. By 2000, most
                                      compilation of grant scheme data for     areas were covered: in 2000 around 15% (130k ha)
                                      England, Wales, Scotland and             were not covered, by 2005 only 4% (20k ha) of
                                      Northern Ireland to estimate areas       state forests in Scotland and 9% (20k ha) of state
                                      with management plans and                forests in England remained uncovered and by
                                      equivalents in grant schemes. Grant      2010 the only remaining area was less than 4% (7k
                                      scheme data shown as 1990 use            ha) in England, where it has been agreed with the
                                      1995 data (the earliest available) for   regulatory authorities that plans are not needed.
                                      England and Wales.                       Total areas (thousand hectares) reported as having
                                                                               management plans in grant schemes were 167 in
                                                                               1990/1995, 492 in 2000, 330 in 2005 and 450 in
                                                                               2010.
Equivalents                           Comments on management plans             In estimating total areas (thousand hectares) for
                                      also apply to equivalents. The latest    management plan and equivalent include (a) total
                                      approach to estimating total area        state forest: 956 in 1990, 886 in 2000, 858 in 2005
                                      under grant schemes differs from         and 829 for 2010; and (b) total area in grant
                                      previous estimates, which included       schemes: 210 in 1990/1995, 669 in 2000, 565 in
                                      areas where woodland creation had        2005 and 838 for 2010.
                                      been grant aided even if not
                                      receiving continuing payment.

Complementary information:
                      Item                       Related information                                     Other comments
Types of documents included in category          For FC/FS state forest, areas with formal Forest
“management plan”                                Design Plans. For other woodland, areas having
                                                 management plans in grant schemes.
Types of documents included in category             For FC/FS state forest, areas without formal Forest
“equivalents”                                       Design Plans, as they should all have some plan
                                                    that can be treated as equivalent. For other
                                                    woodland, areas in grant schemes without
                                                    management plans, as they should have a plan of
                                                    some sort in place in order to obtain grant. Areas
                                                    covered by a felling licence could also be
                                                    considered as "equivalent", but not included for this
                                                    report.

Reporting notes:
   1. Figures are to be reported separately and exclusively for the two categories. The percentages of forest land and of other wooded land covered by
   the following categories should be reported:
      a) forest management plans, defined by the MCPFE as “ Information (in the form of text, maps, tables and graphs) collected during (periodic)
   forest inventories at operational forest units level (stands, compartments), and operations planned for individual stands or compartments to reach
   the management goals (MCPFE, 2002)”.
      b) equivalents, defined by the MCPFE as “Information collected on forest area, at forest management or aggregated forest management unit level
   (forest blocks, farms, enterprises, watersheds, municipalities, or wider units), and strategies/management activities planned to reach the
   management or development goals” (MCPFE, 2002).
   2. The maximum sum of area covered is up to 100% of total FOWL. Areas covered by a management plan and an equivalent should thus be
   counted only once, and reported in category “Management plans ”.
   3. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ.

Data sources:
                                          Quality                                                                                       Additional
References to sources of information                   Table 3.5 Category               Year(s)                Type of inventory
                                          (H/M/L)                                                                                       comments
Forestry Statistics databases                H      all                                    All                                     Area of state forests
FC/FE/FS operational management              H      equivalents                            All              Management             Area without formal
systems.                                                                                                                           design plans
FC grant schemes                            M       management plans                       All              derived from admin     Area with
                                                                                                            databases for grants   management plans in
                                                                                                                                   grant schemes
FC grant schemes                            M       total                                  All              derived from admin     Total area in grant
                                                                                                            databases for grants   schemes.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 4.1: Tree species composition

Pan-European indicator 4.1: Area of forest and other wooded land, classified by number of tree species occurring and by
forest type.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Stand, Tree.

Table 4.1a: Tree species composition
                                                                  Area with number of tree species occurring
            Category                   Year                                      (1000 ha)
                                                       1               2-3           4-5            6-10                >10
Forest                                 2005                1598            1027            187             33                   0
                                       2000                1622             972            171             28                   0
                                       1990                1612             822            151             26                   0
Other wooded land                      2005                   0              20              0              0                   0
                                       2000                   0              20              0              0                   0
                                       1990                   0              20              0              0                   0
Total forest and other wooded land     2005                1598            1047            187             33                   0
                                       2000                1622             992            171             28                   0
                                       1990                1612             842            151             26                   0

Country comments:
                                     Comments related to data, definitions,
            Category                                                                          Comments on trend(s)
                                                    etc.
General comments
Area with number of tree species     For 2000, estimated from number of            For 2005 and 1990, extrapolated from this 2000
occurring on forest:                 elements per section, recorded in NIWT        base, taking account of new planting and
                                     1995-99, for each forest type, in J Gilbert   restocking, which have tended to increase
                                     (2007). These proportions by forest type      diversity.
                                     were then applied to the total area by
                                     forest type.
Area with number of tree species     No information for OWL - assumed to be
occurring on OWL:                    2-3 species.
Area with number of tree species
occurring on forest and OWL:
Complementary information:
                    Item                         Related information
Minimum size of trees to be included
Reference area for the assessment (stand or      Section = area of stand in 1 ha
sample plot)                                     sample square

Reporting notes:
1. Threshold to include a certain tree species: >5% of basal area by this tree species.
2. Whenever possible, the reference area for the assessment should be the forest stand.
3. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ.
4. The set of pilot Tables with the explanatory notes and guidance for voluntary reporting on Indicators 1.3, 4.1, 4.3 and 4.5
according to the new “European Forest Types ” classification is annexed to this Enquiry.

Data sources:
    References to sources of           Quality   Table 4.1a                           Type of        Additional
             information               (H/M/L)   Category            Year(s)         inventory       comments
Analysis of Management &                  H    Forest                1995-99       From NIWT
Biodiversity Data, J Gilbert, 2007                                                 sample
                                                                                   squares
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 4.2: Regeneration

Pan-European indicator 4.2: Area of regeneration within even-aged stands and uneven-aged stands, classified by regeneration type.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Even-aged stand, Uneven-aged stand, Regeneration (natural, by planting and/or seeding, coppice
sprouting), Afforestation, Natural expansion of forest.

Table 4.2: Regeneration
                                                                        Afforestation and regeneration by planting
                                                Natural regeneration
                                                                              and/or seeding and/or coppice
                                                    and natural
            Category                   Year     expansion of forest                            of which: coppice
                                                                                total
                                                                                                   sprouting
                                                        Area of forest land by regeneration type (1000 ha)
Forest                                 2010                       662                   2219                     28
                                       2005                       656                   2189                     24
                                       2000                       648                   2145                     24
                                       1990                       646                   1965                     30
of which:                              2010                       662                   2219                     28
even-aged stands                       2005                       656                   2189                     24
                                       2000                       648                   2145                     24
                                       1990                       646                   1965                     30
of which:                              2010                          0                      0                     0
uneven-aged stands                     2005                          0                      0                     0
                                       2000                          0                      0                     0
                                       1990                          0                      0                     0
                                                        Annual forest regeneration (1000 ha)*/
Afforestation                            2005                                             9.4
Natural expansion of forest              2005                      0.8
Regeneration**/                          2005                      0.9                   16.1                   0.4
*/ Reporting on five year average 2003-2007
**/For the purpose of this table the term “Regeneration” implies the meaning is the same as “Reforestation” in FRA2010, i.e. re-establishment
of forest stand, please see definitions.

Country comments:
                                       Comments related to data,
             Category                                                                Comments on trend(s)
                                          definitions, etc.
Origin of total forest area by
regeneration type
Natural regeneration and            The category “naturally               The annual loss of ASNW and other semi-
expansion of forest                 regenerated”, also in FRA 2010,       natural woodland has not been monitored, but
                                    largely corresponds to what was       relatively small areas are now thought to be
                                    reported in FRA 2005 as “modified     lost for roads and other developments. In
                                    natural”, based on the UK             recent years, this is likely to have been
                                    category semi-natural in Pryor &      balanced by restoration of plantations on
                                    Peterken 2001, for which              ancient woodland sites to ASNW. So estimate
                                    estimates can be taken as relating    no net change since 1990 for this part. Most of
                                    approximately to 1990 (the            the FRA 2005 category “semi-natural” was
                                    Ancient Woodland Inventory            planted; the percentage with (assisted) natural
                                    (AWI) part was late 1980s). This      regeneration was estimated for the Planted
                                    gives a figure of 646,000 ha for      Forests study in FRA 2005, giving the following
                                    1990.                                 areas (thousand hectares): 1990: 0, 2000: 2,
                                                                          2005: 10. This can be extrapolated to estimate
                                                                          16 (th ha) for 2010.
Afforestation and regeneration by   Calculated by subtraction.
planting and/or seeding
Coppice sprouting                   Total coppice area (actively          No data are available after 1995-99. Assume
                                    managed) in NIWT 1995-99 =            no further net change in coppice area to 2005
                                    24,000 ha (declined from 39,000       (there may be some decline in traditional
                                    ha in 1980). Assume all has been      coppice, balanced by new areas of short
                                    actively managed (with some           rotation coppice), and net increase to 2010
                                    sprouting) in previous 10 years.      because of increased SRC.
Annual forest regeneration
Afforestation                       Total "new planting" from annual
                                    statistics, less natural expansion.
Natural expansion of forest         From annual statistics on "new
                                    planting"
Regeneration                          From annual statistics on
                                      "restocking", split into "natural
                                      regeneration" and other. Data on
                                      new planting of short rotation
                                      coppice from NNFCC website.

Complementary information:
                                Item                                                     Related information
Characteristics used to determine natural regeneration and expansion

Characteristics used to determine afforestation and regeneration by
planting and/or seeding
Characteristics used to determine coppice sprouting


Reporting notes:
1. The term “regeneration ” used in this reporting should be understood as a synonym of the term “reforestation ” used in the FAO global
Forest Resources Assessment 2010, which also includes coppice (http://www.fao.org/forestry/51315/en/).
Part I: Origin of total forest area by regeneration type
2. The mixed forms of regeneration (“natural regeneration enhanced by planting” and “regeneration by planting and/or seeding enhanced by
natural regeneration ”) should be reported according to the prevailing form of regeneration. Please describe, how mixed forms of regeneration
were reported for this form in “Country comments ”.
3. The forest area by regeneration categories should sum up to the value of total forest area as this reported in the Table 1.1.
4. The figures for the reporting years refer to the situation in the reporting year, figures for the 2010 should reflect a status forecasted for this
year.
Part II: Annual forest regeneration
5. In the table “Country comments ” countries are requested to provide information on the criteria that were applied to assess annual values of
regeneration.
6. In case of those forms of regeneration, where assessment of regenerated area is unfeasible (some partial or selective final fellings) please
report the area that corresponds to the share (volume, basal area or crown cover) of felled trees in the regenerated stand. Please explain in
comments.
7. The figures for the reporting year refer to the average for the 5-year period 2003-2007.

Data sources:
    References to sources of       Quality
                                              Table 4.2 Category     Year(s)        Type of inventory    Additional comments
            information            (H/M/L)
Protected Forest Areas in the UK      M      Natural               approx 1990    Review
(S Pryor & G Peterken, 2001)
National Inventory of Woodland &     M       Coppice                 1995-99      From 1 ha samples in
Trees                                                                             field survey
National Non-Food Crops Centre       H       Coppice               1998 to 2007   From grant schemes     Annual areas of short
(website accessed April 2010)                                                                            rotation coppice
                                                                                                         planted
Forestry statistics databases        H       Natural                 annual                              Used to extrapolate
                                                                                                         forward from 1990.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 4.3: Naturalness


Pan-European indicator 4.3: Area of forest and other wooded land, classified by “undisturbed by man ”, by “semi-
natura l” or by “plantations ”, each by forest type.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Naturalness, Undisturbed by man, Semi-natural, Plantation.

Table 4.3a: Naturalness
                                                          Area (1000 ha)
         Category             Year     Undisturbed by
                                                           Semi-natural       Plantations
                                            man
Forest                        2010                   0                 662              2219
                              2005                   0                 656              2189
                              2000                   0                 648              2145
                              1990                   0                 646              1965
Other wooded land             2010                   0                  20                 0
                              2005                   0                  20                 0
                              2000                   0                  20                 0
                              1990                   0                  20                 0
Total forest and other        2010                   0                 682              2219
wooded land                   2005                   0                 676              2189
                              2000                   0                 668              2145
                              1990                   0                 666              1965

Country comments:
        Category          Comments related to data, definitions, etc.         Comments on trend(s)
FOWL: undisturbed by man As in previous reports, it is the opinion that no
                         areas in UK meet all the criteria for undisturbed
                         by man.
FOWL: semi-natural       Mostly based on the UK category semi-natural
                         in Pryor & Peterken 2001, extrapolated as in
                         the "natural" category for 4.2.
FOWL: plantations        By subtraction of total - semi-natural
Complementary information:
                           Item                                      Related information
Criteria or thresholds used to delimit “undisturbed by       No area considered to be
man” from “semi-natural”                                     undisturbed by man
Criteria or thresholds used to delimit “semi-natural” from
“plantations”

Reporting notes:
1. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ.
2. The set of pilot Tables with the explanatory notes and guidance for voluntary reporting on Indicators 1.3, 4.1, 4.3 and
4.5 according to the new “European Forest Types” classification is annexed to this Enquiry.
3. For cross-checking with the FRA-2010 reported data, please see the MCPFE definition “Undisturbed by man”, and
FAO FRA-2010 definition “Primary forest” at http://www.fao.org/forestry/51315/en/.
4. Please ensure that the areas of introduced species included in the category “plantations” for this indicator are
consistent with the areas reported as “dominated by introduced tree species” in Reporting Form 4.4 and in Category 14
of European Forest Types.

Data sources:
 References to sources of      Quality   Table 4.3a                                 Type of              Additional
        information            (H/M/L)    Category               Year(s)           inventory             comments
Protected Forest Areas in         M    Semi-natural            approx 1990      Review
the UK (S Pryor & G
Peterken, 2001)
Forestry statistics               H     Semi-natural              annual                           Used to extrapolate
databases                                                                                          forward from 1990.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 4.4: Introduced tree species

Pan-European indicator 4.4: Area of stands of forest and other wooded land dominated by introduced tree species.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Introduced tree species, Invasive introduced tree species.

Table 4.4a: Introduced tree species
                                                       Area of stands dominated by introduced tree species
             Category                   Year                               (1000 ha)
                                                             Total                    …of which: invasive
Forest                                  2010                             1411                                       0
                                        2005                             1435                                       0
                                        2000                             1453                                       0
                                        1990                             1406                                       0
Other wooded land                       2010                                 0                                      0
                                        2005                                 0                                      0
                                        2000                                 0                                      0
                                        1990                                 0                                      0
Total forest and other wooded land      2010                             1411                                       0
                                        2005                             1435                                       0
                                        2000                             1453                                       0
                                        1990                             1406                                       0

Table 4.4b. Introduced tree species
                                                                                  Rank of occupied area (1, 2, 3…
                    Scientific name of introduced tree species
                                                                                              etc.)
Picea sitchensis                                                                                1
Larix spp                                                                                       2
Picea abies                                                                                     3
Pinus contorta                                                                                  4
Pseudotsuga menziesii                                                                           5
Pinus nigra var. maritima                                                                       6
Table 4.4c. Invasive tree species
                                                                                          Rank of occupied area (1, 2, 3…
                    Scientific name of introduced tree species
                                                                                                      etc.)
(None)




Country comments:
              Category                    Comments related to data, definitions,               Comments on trend(s)
General
FOWL: area dominated by                 Reports total area of species, based on
introduced tree species                 NIWT 1995-99 and extrapolation, rather than
                                        area dominated by species, as the latter was
                                        not reported for NIWT.
FOWL: area dominated by invasive        No invasive tree species reported.
tree species

Complementary information:
                                      Item                                           Related information
Reference area (ha) for assessment (size of sample plot/average stand)               Sample squares of 1 ha, but
                                                                                     species areas are for individiual
Reference period (years) used to classify as “introduced” (years since introduction) 400 years
Criteria or thresholds used to classify species as “invasive”

Reporting notes:
1. Threshold for stands dominated by introduced tree species is >50 % of basal area by tree species introduced.
2. Introduced tree species (synonyms: non-indigenous species, exotic species, alien species): A species, subspecies or lower taxon, occurring outside its
natural range (past or present) and dispersal potential (i.e. outside the range it occupies naturally or could occupy without direct or indirect introduction or
care by humans) (FRA 2010).
3. The forest area dominated by introduced tree species, as reported in Table 4.4a, should correspond to the total area under Category 14 of European
Forest Types (Pilot Tables 1.1b, 4.1b and 4.3b).
4. Please specify under “Country comments” whether your concept of “introduced” implies “introduced to your country” (the species does not occur naturally
within the country borders) or “introduced to another region within the country”.
5. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ.
Data sources:
     References to sources of      Quality       Table 4.4a, 4.4b and 4.4c                 Type of        Additional
                                                                             Year(s)
             information           (H/M/L)               Category                         inventory       comments
National Inventory of Woodland &      M      introduced                      1995-99   From 1 ha
Trees (NIWT)                                                                           samples in field
                                                                                       survey
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 4.5: Deadwood

Pan-European indicator 4.5: Volume of standing and of lying deadwood on forest and other wooded land,
classified by forest type.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Deadwood.

Table 4.5a: Deadwood
                                                                  Volume of deadwood
            Category                   Year                             (m³/ha)
                                                      Total            Standing                  Lying
Forest                                 2010                    3.9               0.8                     3.1
                                       2005                    3.9               0.8                     3.1
                                       2000                    3.9               0.8                     3.1
                                       1990                    3.9               0.8                     3.1
Other wooded land                      2010                      0                 0                       0
                                       2005                      0                 0                       0
                                       2000                      0                 0                       0
                                       1990                      0                 0                       0
Total forest and other wooded land     2010                    3.9               0.8                     3.1
                                       2005                    3.9               0.8                     3.1
                                       2000                    3.9               0.8                     3.1
                                       1990                    3.9               0.8                     3.1
Volume of deadwood in FOWL by
species groups:
Coniferous                             2005                    4.2                    0.6                3.6
Broadleaved                            2005                    3.6                    1.0                2.6

Country comments:
                                                                                              Comments on
            Category                    Comments related to data, definitions, etc.
                                                                                                 trend(s)
Standing deadwood                    Pieces of standing deadwood were counted, not          See below.
                                     measured. Volume estimates assumed an average of
                                     0.25 m3 per tree or limb counted.
Lying deadwood                    Pieces of abandoned timber were counted, not          The only
                                  measured; volume estimates assumed an average of      assessment was in
                                  0.035 m3 per piece. Fallen trees were counted and     NIWT 1995-99; in
                                  allocated to three dbh bands but not measured:        the absence of
                                  volume estimates assumed averages of 0.035 m3 per     other information,
                                                                                        the level is assumed
                                  tree 7-20 cm dbh, 0.5 m3 per tree 20-50 cm dbh, 2.0
                                                                                        to be roughly
                                  m3 per tree >50 cm dbh.                               constant. Figures
                                                                                        for all years will be
                                                                                        subject to revision
                                                                                        when results
                                                                                        become available
                                                                                        from the new NFI
                                                                                        starting in 2009,
                                                                                        which includes
                                                                                        mensuration of
                                                                                        deadwood.


Specification of threshold values:
                               Item                                     Value                Comment
Minimum height (m) of standing deadwood reported                                        Includes all dead
                                                                                        trees and limbs, but
                                                                                        not stumps left after
                                                                            0           harvesting.
Minimum diameter (cm) of standing deadwood reported                    7 cm dbh
Is volume above ground (AG) or above stump (AS)                            AS
Minimum length (m) of lying deadwood reported                           2 metres
Minimum diameter (cm) of lying deadwood reported                  7 cm dbh for fallen
                                                                    trees, 15 cm for
                                                                   other deadwood

Reporting notes:
1. Total volume = sum of standing and lying volume.
2. Recommended minimum length of lying dead trees is 1.0 m.
3. Minimum diameter of standing and lying dead trees: It is up to the countries to define the threshold level for the minimum size of
diameter to be reported. It is recommended that the minimum size should be: Standing deadwood: 10 cm of d.b.h.; Lying
deadwood: the threshold 10 cm measured 1.0 m from the thicker end of a piece of lying deadwood.
4. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ.
5. The required breakdown by “Coniferous ” and “Broadleaved ” (non-coniferous) refers to the deadwood volume (i.e. not to “forest
type ”).
6. The set of pilot Tables with the explanatory notes and guidance for voluntary reporting on Indicators 1.3, 4.1, 4.3 and 4.5
according to the new “European Forest Types” classification is annexed to this Enquiry.

Data sources: (see Reporting note 4)
    References to sources of           Quality        Table 4.5a                                                      Additional
                                                                              Year(s)         Type of inventory
             information               (H/M/L)        Category                                                        comments
Analysis of Management &                  M                                   1995-99        From NIWT sample
Biodiversity Data, J Gilbert, 2007                                                           squares
                                                                United Kingdom
                                                     Reporting Form 4.6: Genetic resources
                                                     Reporting Form 4.7: Landscape pattern
    The data/information for these Indicators will be provided separately by International Data Providers (Bioversity International and EC JRC).
Data/information for Indicator 4.6 will be presented to National Correspondents before it is published, and data/information for Indicator 4.7. will be
 presented in the Publication in the form of maps. Technical Specifications for reporting by IDPs is available in a separate document prepared for
                                                                  your information.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 4.8: Threatened forest species

Pan-European indicator 4.8: Number of threatened forest species, classified according to IUCN Red List categories in relation to total number of forest
species.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest species, Vulnerable, Endangered, Critically endangered, Extinct in the wild.

Table 4.8: Threatened forest species
                                                                                           Threatened forest species
                                            Total of taxa                                                     Critically
         Category               Year                               Vulnerable           Endangered                                 Extinct in the wild
                                                                                                            endangered
                                                                                      Absolute number
Trees                          2010                                               4                   5                        4                         0
                               2005
                               2000
                               1990
Birds                          2010                                               0                      0                     0                         0
                               2005
                               2000
                               1990
Mammals                        2010                                               3                      0                     0                         0
                               2005
                               2000
                               1990
Other vertebrates              2010                                               0                      0                     0                         0
                               2005
                               2000
                               1990
Invertebrates                  2010                                              15                    23                      0                         0
                               2005
                               2000
                               1990
Vascular plants                2010                                              12                    11                      6                         0
                               2005
Vascular plants

                                2000
                                1990
Cryptogams and fungi            2010                                                42                      21                    15    0
                                2005
                                2000
                                1990

Country comments:
                                         Comments related to data, definitions,
              Category                                                                             Comments on trend(s)
                                                           etc.
General comments                        Total number of woodland taxa not known.         No information is available on trends. Any
                                                                                         trends that could be inferred from available
                                                                                         data would reflect the process of assessing
                                                                                         designations of species rather than any real
                                                                                         changes in the status of species in the UK.

Endangered trees                        All 13 threatened tree species are Sorbus
                                        species.
Endangered birds
Endangered mammals                      The three vulnerable mammal species are          Reported 4 species last time, now 3:
                                        Wildcat Felis silvestris, Barbastelle bat        perhaps because Otter Lutra lutra
                                        Barbastella barbastellus and Bechstein's         downgraded from VU to NT in 2004. See
                                        bat Myotis bechsteinii .                         http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-5170
Endangered other vertebrates
Endangered invertebrates
Endangered vascular plants
Endangered cryptogams and fungi
The year and data reported for 2010     Various - mostly from 2006 to 2008.

Complementary information:
                            Item                                                         Related information
Please specify which main taxa in the table and reporting
notes are not assessed in your country
Reporting notes:
1. Data sources: please report data sources separately for threat classes in case sources differ.
2. For 2010, please provide data or estimates for the most recent year available, and indicate the year and data status in
“Country comments”.
3. Detailed national Red Lists should be used whenever possible.

Data sources:
 References to sources of Quality                                                                               Additional
                                        Table 4.8 Category           Year(s)          Type of inventory
          information          (H/M/L)                                                                          comments
The Vascular Plant Red            H    Endangered trees
Data List for Great Britain -
2006 Cheffings, C. and
Farrell, L. (Editors) and A
tool for assessing the current
conservation status of
vascular plants on SSSIs in
England: May 2006, ENRR
690 (Leach & Rusbridge)

IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red         H      Endangered birds
List of Threatened Species.
<www.iucnredlist.org>
The IUCN Red List of             H      Endangered
Threatened Species (2008)               mammals
AND "Conservation
Designations for UK Taxa"
http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-
3409 AND UK Biodiversity
Reporting and Information
Group (2007) Report on the
Species and Habitat Review.
Report to the UK Biodiversity
Partnership, JNCC,
Peterborough.
"Conservation Designations       H   Endangered other
for UK Taxa"                         vertebrates
http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-
3409
Various                          H   Endangered            15 reports cited,
                                     invertebrates         based on 2001, 1994
                                                           and pre-1994 IUCN
                                                           guidelines.
                                                           References available
                                                           on request.
The Vascular Plant Red           H   Endangered vascular
Data List for Great Britain -        plants
2006 Cheffings, C. and
Farrell, L. (Editors) and A
tool for assessing the current
conservation status of
vascular plants on SSSIs in
England: May 2006, ENRR
690 (Leach & Rusbridge)
AND UK Biodiversity
Reporting and Information
Group (2007) Report on the
Species and Habitat Review.
Report to the UK Biodiversity
Partnership, JNCC,
Peterborough.
Endangered cryptogams and        H   Endangered
fungi:A conservation                 cryptogams and fungi
evaluation of British lichens,
R.G. Woods & B.J. Coppins.
British Lichen Society,
London, 2003 AND UK
Biodiversity Reporting and
Information Group (2007)
Report on the Species and
Habitat Review. Report to
the UK Biodiversity
Partnership, JNCC,
Peterborough.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 4.9: Protected forests

Pan-European indicator 4.9: Area of forest and other wooded land protected to conserve biodiversity, landscapes and specific natural elements,
according to MCPFE Assessment Guidelines.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, MCPFE Classes 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, and Class 2.

Table 4.9: Protected forests
                                                         MCPFE            MCPFE         MCPFE         MCPFE
                Category                     Year       Class 1.1        Class 1.2     Class 1.3      Class 2
                                                                                (1000 ha)
Forest                                       2010                   0             30           168           225
                                             2005                   0             27           153           220
                                             2000                   0             22           128           185
                                             1990                   0             18           102           180
Other wooded land                            2010                   0              2            14            17
                                             2005                   0              2            11            16
                                             2000                   0              2            10            15
                                             1990                   0              1             8            13
Total forest and other wooded land           2010                   0             32           182           242
                                             2005                   0             29           164           236
                                             2000                   0             24           138           200
                                             1990                   0             19           110           193

Table 4.9b: Natura 2000 forest areas
                                                                        MCPFE Protected Forest Areas overlapping with Natura        Natura 2000
                                                                                            2000 areas                               areas with
                                                      Natura2000 -                                                                   landscape
                Category                     Year      total area         MCPFE           MCPFE       MCPFE          MCPFE          management
                                                                         Class 1.1       Class 1.2   Class 1.3       Class 2       outside MCPFE
                                                                                                                                       Class 2
                                                                                                 (1000 ha)
Forest                                       2010               150                  0           15             84             1                   0
                                             2005               110                  0           13             76             1                   0
Forest

                                            2000                 75                0          11                63          1   0
Other wooded land                           2010                 12                0           1                 7          0   0
                                            2005                  9                0           1                 6          0   0
                                            2000                  6                0           1                 5          0   0
Total forest and other wooded land          2010                162                0          16                91          1   0
                                            2005                119                0          14                82          1   0
                                            2000                 81                0          12                68          1   0

Country comments:
                                         Comments related to data, definitions,
                Category                                                               Comments on trend(s)
                                                            etc.
FOWL: MCPFE Class 1.1                    No areas meet the strict definition
FOWL: MCPFE Class 1.2                    No good data available on this; taken to No change in % assumed,
                                         be 15% of the total MCPFE Class 1          but increase as MCPFE
                                                                                    Class 1 increases.
FOWL: MCPFE Class 1.3                                                               Increase as new areas are
                                                                                    designated, particularly
                                                                                    linked to Natura 2000
                                                                                    designations.
FOWL: MCPFE Class 2                      Forest areas with statutory protection for Increase as new areas are
                                         landscape reasons. Excludes areas          designated as National
                                         which are MCPFE Class 1 to avoid           Parks.
                                         double counting. In principle, should
                                         include Tree Preservation Orders
                                         (TPOs), but relevant local authority data
                                         were not available for this report and the
                                         areas are expected to be small.
Natura 2000 areas with landscape         Natura 2000 designations in UK are
management outside MCPFE Class 2         almost all for biodiversity rather than
                                         landscape, so no areas identified.

Reporting notes:
1. MCPFE classes: see “Terms and Definitions ”, and MCPFE Assessment Guidelines as well as the relevant Explanatory Note.
2. Using the data reported for the “State of Europe’s Forest s 2007 ” (http://www.unece.org/timber/tc-publ.htm) as the basis, please determine status of
protection of the areas reported in the different protection classes in your country for the years 1990, 2000 and 2005 as far as possible. Please
document the process for further reference and use “Country comments” for reporting on major aspects. Please also indicate the reason for changing
the figures, if new data will replace previously reported results.
3. Data for 2010 may require the use of extrapolation, if updated information is not available. Determining state for “Reference year 2010 ”: please
assess status of each sub-class for the most recent year as far as possible.
4. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ.
5. For reporting of Natura 2000 areas by EU countries, pl., see the Explanatory Note.
6. In the first reporting column of Table 4.9b “Natura 2000 - total area” should be reported total areas of forest, OWL and FOWL, respectively, under
Natura 2000 and should not be limited to areas in MCPFE classes 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 and 2 and other Natura 2000 areas with landscape management
shown in the rest of the table.

Data sources:
                                                Quality      Table 4.9                     Type of       Additional
 References to sources of information                                       Year(s)
                                                (H/M/L)      Category                    inventory       comments
Protected and Protective Forest Areas in           H      All                2010      Allocation to   Higher quality
UK, report for Forestry Commission,                                                    MCPFE           statistics for
Sandy Greig, 2010. This report provides a                                              classes         areas will be
new agreed basis for allocation, following                                                             available after
the current international guidance. Based                                                              the new
on this report, new estimates of areas in all                                                          National
years have been prepared, which differ                                                                 Forest
substantially from figures previously                                                                  Inventory map
reported (including in SoEF 2007).                                                                     is available in
                                                                                                       2010 or 2011.
National Inventory of Woodland & Trees            H       Forest land       1995-99    Aerial photos Used as the
                                                          for all classes              and field     basis for GB
                                                                                       survey        forest area in
                                                                                                     all years.
SSSIs/ASSIs, Natura 2000 sites, Local             M       MCPFE Class         All      Estimates
Nature Reserves                                           1
National Parks, AONBs, NSAs                       M       MCPFE Class         All      Estimates
                                                          2
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 5.1: Protective forests – soil, water and other ecosystem functions

Pan-European indicator 5.1: Area of forest and other wooded land designated to prevent soil erosion, to preserve water
resources, or to maintain other forest ecosystem functions, part of MCPFE Class “Protective Functions ”.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, MCPFE Class 3.


Table 5.1: Protective forests – soil, water and other ecosystem functions
                                                        Soil, water and other forest
                                                                                        Natura-2000 areas with protective
                                                     ecosystem functions Subclass of
                Category                     Year                                       functions outside MCPFE Class 3
                                                               MCPFE Class 3
                                                                                   (1000 ha)
Forest                                       2010                                     0                                 0
                                             2005                                     0                                 0
                                             2000                                     0                                 0
                                             1990                                     0
Other wooded land                            2010                                     0                                 0
                                             2005                                     0                                 0
                                             2000                                     0                                 0
                                             1990                                     0
Total forest and other wooded land           2010                                     0                                 0
                                             2005                                     0                                 0
                                             2000                                     0                                 0
                                             1990                                     0

Country comments:
            Category                      Comments related to data, definitions, etc.          Comments on trend(s)
                                         Although some areas of forest have protective
Soil, water and other forest ecosystem
                                         functions, as reported by UK for SoEF 2007, no
functions - Subclass of MCPFE Class 3
                                         areas are designated for these functions.
Natura-2000 areas with protective
functions outside MCPFE Class
Reporting notes:
1. MCPFE classes: see “Terms and Definitions ”, and MCPFE Assessment Guidelines as well as the relevant Explanatory Note.
2. Using the data reported for the “State of Europe’s Forest s 2007” (http://www.unece.org/timber/tc-publ.htm) as the basis, please determine status of protection
of the areas reported in the different protection classes in your country for the years 1990, 2000 and 2005 as far as possible. Please document the process for
further reference and use “Country comments” for reporting on major aspects. Please also indicate the reason for changing the figures, if new data will replace
previously reported results.
3. Data for 2010 may require the use of extrapolation, if updated information is not available. Determining state for “Reference year 2010 ”: please assess status of
each sub-class for the most recent year as far as possible.
4. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ.
5. For reporting of Natura 2000 areas by EU countries, pl., see the Explanatory Note.

Data sources:
                                            Quality                                                                                     Type of        Additional
References to sources of information                           Table 5.1 Category                          Year(s)
                                            (H/M/L)                                                                                    inventory       comments
Protected and Protective Forest Areas in       H      All                                                     All                  Allocation to
UK, report for Forestry Commission,                                                                                                MCPFE classes
Sandy Greig, 2010.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 5.2: Protective forests – infrastructure and managed natural resources

Pan-European indicator 5.2: Area of forest and other wooded land designated to protect infrastructure and managed
natural resources against natural hazards, part of MCPFE Class “Protective Functions ”.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, MCPFE Class 3.


Table 5.2: Protective forests – infrastructure and managed natural resources
                                                    Infrastructure and managed
                                                                                   Natura-2000 areas with protective
                                                   natural resources Subclass of
               Category                   Year                                     functions outside MCPFE Class 3
                                                           MCPFE Class 3
                                                                             (1000 ha)
Forest                                    2010                                   0                                 0
                                          2005                                   0                                 0
                                          2000                                   0                                 0
                                          1990                                   0
Other wooded land                         2010                                   0                                 0
                                          2005                                   0                                 0
                                          2000                                   0                                 0
                                          1990                                   0
Total forest and other wooded land        2010                                   0                                 0
                                          2005                                   0                                 0
                                          2000                                   0                                 0
                                          1990                                   0

Country comments:

              Category                 Comments related to data, definitions, etc.         Comments on trend(s)
Infrastructure and managed natural
resources - Subclass of MCPFE Class
3                                   No areas are designated for these functions.
Natura 2000 areas with protective
functions outside MCPFE Class 3
Reporting notes:
1. The intention of this indicator is to identify those forests where protection of infrastructure and managed natural resources is the primary management
objective. “Infrastructure ” includes roads, railways, settlements, buildings, etc. “Natural resources ” includes e.g. agricultural land, vineyards, orchards. This class
also includes protective forests with the primary management objective being the protection of humans (e.g. from noise or visibility protection).
2. MCPFE classes: see “Terms and Definitions ”, and MCPFE Assessment Guidelines as well as the relevant Explanatory Note.
3. Using the data reported for the “State of Europe’s Forest s 2007” (http://www.unece.org/timber/tc-publ.htm) as the basis, please determine status of protection
of the areas reported in the different protection classes in your country for the years 1990, 2000 and 2005 as far as possible. Please document the process for
further reference and use “Country comments ” for reporting on major aspects. Please also indicate the reason for changing the figures, if new data will replace
previously reported results.
4. Data for 2010 may require the use of extrapolation, if updated information is not available. Determining state for “Reference year 2010 ”: please assess status
of each sub-class for the most recent year as far as possible.
5. Data sources: please specify sources separately for forest, other wooded land and total FOWL if sources differ.
6. For reporting of Natura 2000 areas by EU countries, pl., see the Explanatory Note.

Data sources:
      References to sources of              Quality                                                                                      Type of          Additional
                                                               Table 5.2 Category                           Year(s)
               information                  (H/M/L)                                                                                     inventory         comments
Protected and Protective Forest Areas          H      All                                                      All                  Allocation to
in UK, report for Forestry Commission,                                                                                              MCPFE classes
Sandy Greig, 2010.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 6.1: Forest holdings

Pan-European indicator 6.1: Number of forest holdings, classified by ownership categories and size classes.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Forest holding, Forms of ownership, Forest ownership, Public ownership, Private
ownership, Other ownership.

Table 6.1: Forest holdings
                                          Total    Total            Number of forest holdings in size classes
        Category               Year      forest number of
                                                                                        101 - 500   501 -     >10,000
                                          area                 <10 ha     11 -100 ha
                                                  holdings                                 ha     10,000 ha     ha
                                       (1000 ha)
In public ownership           2010            959       646          0          380          101        128         37
                              2005            983       646          0          380          101        128         37
                              2000           1011       646          0          380          101        128         37
                              1990           1081       646          0          380          101        128         37
In private ownership          2010           1922   105100       80900        20500         3200        500          0
                              2005           1862   106700       82500        20600         3100        500          0
                              2000           1782   102600       79800        19300         3000        500          0
                              1990           1530    99800       79400        17500         2500        400          0
Other ownership               2010              0         0          0            0            0          0          0
                              2005              0         0          0            0            0          0          0
                              2000              0         0          0            0            0          0          0
                              1990              0         0          0            0            0          0          0

Country comments:

        Category             Comments related to data, definitions, etc                Comments on trend(s)
General comments
Number of holdings in      The estimate of 646 public holdings was              The number of holdings is likely to have
public ownership           compiled in 1997. At that time, it was based on      remained around the same level as estimated
                           46 state forest holdings (FC Forest Districts +      in 1997, with some rationalisation into larger
                           Forest Service), 525 local authorities, and 75       holdings (e.g. for state forests) balanced by
                           other holdings (including multiple holdings for      some new holdings.
                           some ownerships. The largest areas other
                           than state forests included Highways Agency,
                           Ministry of Defence and Crown Estate.

Number of holdings in      Number of holdings based on data for farm            Some farm woodland data for 2009 are based
private ownership          woodlands, plus extrapolated estimate for non-       on an administrative source instead of a
                           farm. Extrapolation assumes that half the            statistical survey, resulting in some changes in
                           growth in non-farm area is from new holdings,        coverage.
                           half from increase on existing holdings.
Number of holdings in      Although there are no comprehensive
other ownership            statistics for ownership of forests, in general it
                           is possible to establish the ownership of any
                           specific forest, so no holdings have been
                           identified as other ownership (including not
                           defined, unknown or disputed).
The year and data          Public ownership based on state forest areas
reported for 2010          for 2009. Private area by subtraction from total
                           forest in 2010, as forecast in 1.1. Number of
                           private holdings based on data for 2009.


Complementary information:
                      Item                                    Related information
Minimum size of forest holding reported             No mimnimum

Reporting notes:
1. Report holdings of forest, not holdings of other wooded land.
2. For 2010, please provide data or estimates for the most recent year available, and indicate the year and data status in
“Country comments ”.
3. Countries where OWL is a significant part of FOWL area may supply information on Forest and OWL holdings
structure under “Country comments”.

Data sources:
 References to sources     Quality    Table 6.1              Type of
                                                  Year(s)             Additional comments
     of information        (H/M/L)   Category               inventory
Forestry Statistics and       H      public          all              state forest area
databases                            area
National Inventory of         M      public       1995-99 From          other public area
Woodland & Trees                     area                   sample 1
                                                            ha
                                                            squares
Agricultural census           H      private      annual to Census or   farm woodland
                                     holdings       2009    large       holdings
                                                            sample
                                                            survey
HGTAC survey                  L      private        1977    Survey      other private woodland
                                     holdings                           holdings
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 6.2: Contribution of forest sector to GDP

MCPFE indicator 6.2: Contribution of forestry and manufacturing of wood and paper products to gross domestic
product
Related SoEF definitions: Gross Domestic Product, Gross Value Added, ISIC/NACE

Table 6.2: Gross Value Added
                                                             Gross Value Added
           Category                   Year           Euro/ECU
                                                                          % of total GVA
                                                      (million)
Forestry                              2010                        585                   0.04
(ISIC/NACE 02)                        2005                        472                   0.03
                                      2000                        448                   0.03
                                      1990                        331                   0.05
Manufacture of wood and articles      2010                       3810                   0.23
in wood (ISIC/NACE 20)                2005                       4317                   0.26
                                      2000                       3779                   0.27
                                      1990                       2023                   0.28
Manufacture of paper and paper        2010                       3502                   0.22
products (ISIC/NACE 21)               2005                       4591                   0.28
                                      2000                       6135                   0.43
                                      1990                       4909                   0.68

Country comments:
                                        Comments related to data,        Comments on
           Category
                                             definitions, etc.             trend(s)
General comments                   Data for 2000, 2005 and 2008 from
                                   Annual Business Inquiry - 2008 uses
                                   SIC(2007) categories that best fit
                                   the requested SIC(2003). Data for
                                   1990 from UK input-output table
                                   1990, mapped to SIC 2003
                                   categories.
Forestry                                                                Data for 2008 are as
                                                                        published;
                                                                        comparability with
                                                                        previous years may
                                                                        have been affected by
                                                                        the change to
                                                                        SIC(2007).
Manufacture of wood and articles
in wood
Manufacture of paper and paper
products
The year and data reported for   2008 (final)
2010

Reporting notes:

1. For the estimation of contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP), data on Gross Value Added (GVA) should be
used. GVA measures the contribution to the economy of each individual producer, industry or sector in the country.
The link between GVA and GDP can be defined as: GVA + taxes on products - subsidies on products = GDP.
2. For 2010, please provide data or estimates for the most recent year available, and indicate the year and data status
in “Country comments”.
3. Data on GVA for each economic activity should be available from the National Accounts prepared by the country‟s
national statistical authority. If a different source is used, please explain in comments.
4. Figures for each year should be converted from national currency to Euro (or ECU for 1990) using average
exchange rate for that year (as reported in the table in the introduction).
5. The main sources for value-added are the following:
1)     For EU/EFTA countries
a.      Eurostat - National accounts
( http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/national_accounts/data/database )
b.     Eurostat - Annual detailed enterprise statistics - industry and construction
(http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/european_business/data/database )
2)     For other countries (non-EU):
a.      UNIDO International Yearbook of Industrial Statistics (http://www.unido.org/index.php?id=o3472 )
b.     UNdata - National Accounts Official Country Data (http://data.un.org/Explorer.aspx?d=SNA )
3)     For all countries (in case statistics cannot be found in Eurostat & UNIDO), statistics available from national
Statistics Offices should be checked; main links to the list of sources by country are listed in the publications below:
a.      http://www.fao.org/docrep/011/k4588e/k4588e00.htm (see pages 61 to 65)
b.     SoEF 2007, see page 158

6. Sources of pre-filled data:
Eurostat Database on National Accounts (2010).
*/ Eurostat Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting for Forests (IEEAF).

Data sources:
    References to sources of          Quality           Table 6.2                                       Additional
                                                                                   Year(s)
           information                (H/M/L)           Category                                        comments
Annual Business Inquiry (Office         M/H      All                        2000-2008 (forestry) http://www.statistics.g
for National Statistics, annual)                                            1995-2008 (others) ov.uk/abi/default.asp

UK input-output table for National      M/H      All                                1990            http://www.statistics.g
Accounts, from Input-Output data                                                                    ov.uk/about/methodol
archive                                                                                             ogy_by_theme/inputo
                                                                                                    utput/archive_data.as
                                                                                                    p
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 6.3: Net revenue

Pan-European indicator 6.3: Net revenue of forest enterprises.
Related SoEF definitions: Factor income, Net entrepreneurial income.

Table 6.3: Factor income and entrepreneurial income
                                       Factor income                   Net entrepreneurial income
      Category        Year                Euro/ECU                              Euro/ECU
                                           (million)                             (million)
Forestry              2010                                    278.6                             -19.0
(ISIC/NACE 02)        2005                                    208.7                             -77.2
                      2000                                    144.9                             -40.9
                      1990                                    307.6                              17.5

Country comments:
     Category       Comments related to data, definitions, etc.      Comments on trend(s)
General comments Data for 2008 (shown as 2010) and 2005 use the Mostly varies with timber prices
                  IEEAF economic accounts table submitted to
                  Eurostat in August 2010, together with data for
                  earlier years revised at the same time.
                  Compared with the pre-filled Eurostst data, this
                  updates the latest year from 2006 to 2008 and
                  revises all the earlier years; some 1990 data are
                  estimates based on 1992.
Factor income
Entrepreneurial
income
The year and data 2008
reported for 2010

Reporting notes:
1. For countries that completed EUROSTAT Economic Accounts for Forestry, or the economic accounts table in IEEAF, this table
has been pre-filled to the extent possible using data from EUROSTAT. These should be validated by the national correspondent,
consulting with the person responsible for reporting to EUROSTAT. If information is not available from this source, please consult
a statistician responsible for National Accounts, who may be able to assist.
2. Factor income measures the remuneration of all factors of production (land, capital, labour) and represents all the value
generated by a unit engaged in a production activity. It can be derived from Gross Value Added (GVA) by deducting fixed
capital consumption (depreciation) to get net value added, and then adjusting from basic prices to factor cost by subtracting
any taxes on production and adding any subsidies on production.
3. Net entrepreneurial income measures the return to the forestry business owner, and consists of the compensation of unpaid
labour, remuneration from land belonging to units and the yield arising from the use of capital. It can be derived from factor
income by subtracting compensation of employees to get operating surplus, and then adding any interest received by forestry
units organized as companies and deducting any rent and interest payments.
4. For 2010, please provide data or estimates for the most recent year available, and indicate the year and data status in
“Country comments ”.
5. Figures for each year should be converted from national currency to Euro (or ECU for 1990) using average exchange rate for
that year (as reported in the table in the introduction).
6. Source of definitions: Manual on the economic accounts for Agriculture and Forestry EAA/EAF 97 (Rev. 1.1.)
http://europa.eu.int/estatref/info/sdds/en/cosa/eaa_eaf_rev1_1.pdf
7. Sources of pre-filled data:
1990, 2000: Eurostat Economic Accounts for Agriculture and Forestry.
*/ National figures
2005, 2010: Eurostat Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting for Forests.

Data sources:
  References to
                      Quality                                                                                     Additional
    sources of                           Table 6.3 Category                           Year(s)
                      (H/M/L)                                                                                     comments
   information
Eurostat Integrated   M   All   All   Uses IEEAF
Environmental and                     economic accounts
Economic                              table submitted to
Accounting for                        Eurostat August
Forests                               2010. Updates latest
                                      year from 2006 to
                                      2008, and revises all
                                      earlier years
                                      consistently.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 6.4: Expenditures for services

Pan-European indicator 6.4: Total expenditures for long-term sustainable services from forests.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Government expenditures.

Table 6.4: Government expenditures for forest services
             Category                   Year             Euro/ECU (million)
Ecological services                     2010                                       0
                                        2005                                       0
                                        2000                                       0
                                        1990                                       0
Biospheric services                     2010                                       0
                                        2005                                       0
                                        2000                                       0
                                        1990                                       0
Social and amenity services             2010                                      74
                                        2005                                      74
                                        2000                                      37
                                        1990                                      19
Other services                          2010                                      14
                                        2005                                      21
                                        2000                                      17
                                        1990                                       6

Country comments:
            Category                   Comments related to data, definitions, etc.        Comments on trend(s)
General comments                     The only information readily available is
                                     Forestry Commission (a) gross expenditure on
                                     Recreation, Conservation & Heritage in state
                                     forests and (b) Management Grants to
                                     woodland owners.
Ecological services
Biospheric services
Social and amenity services              All RCH expenditure has been allocated to this RCH gross expenditure was
                                         category. Most is likely to be correctly allocated, £13.6m in 1990-91, £22.5m in
                                         but there is no good basis to split the total.      2000-01, £50.3m in 2005-06 and
                                                                                             £59.3m in latest available year
                                                                                             (see below).
Other services                           All management grant expenditure has been           Management grants were £4.3m
                                         allocated to this category. There is no good        in 1994-95 (the earliest year for
                                         basis to split the total.                           which data was readily
                                                                                             available), £10.3m in 2000-01,
                                                                                             £14.7m in 2005-06 and £10.9m
                                                                                             in 2008-09.
The year and data reported for 2010      Mostly 2008-09 (RCH in Wales is 07/08).

Reporting notes:
1. For more information about forest services classification please look at reporting note 2 in “Reporting form 3.4 ”

2. The reported expenditures should consist of government expenditures to provide or to stimulate others to provide long-
term forest services. They should be limited to expenditures applied directly to forests, to enhance or to maintain the
environmental capital. They should exclude any related expenditures on research or education, and should also exclude
any current expenditures involved in delivering services (e.g. staff to look after visitors). If information is only available on
a different basis, please provide whatever data best matches this description and provide details in “Country comments ”.
3. Reference area for reporting is “Total FOWL ”, not further divided into sub-classes “Forest ” and “Other wooded land ”.
If data are available for sub-class “Forest” only, please report on this sub-class and provide note under “Country
comments ”.
4. If data are available only for certain forest areas or ownership classes (e.g. state forests), but not for others, data
should be reported for these areas or classes, which should be specified in “Country comments ”.
5. The class “Ecological Services ” includes expenditures for maintaining and enhancing the natural habitat and
biological diversity and contracts for conservation.
6. The class “Biospheric Services ” includes expenditures to maintain protective forests against natural hazards, for
preventing soil erosion or for protecting water quality.
7. The class “Social and amenity services ” includes expenditures for developing or managing outdoor recreation areas
or trails for mountain biking, horse riding, skiing and other recreational activities.
8. The class “Other services ” includes expenditures on any aspects not covered above, e.g. to maintain cultural or
spiritual values.
9. For 2010, please provide data or estimates for the most recent year available, and indicate the year and data status in
“Country comments ”.
10. Figures for each year should be converted from national currency to Euro (or ECU for 1990) using average
exchange rate for that year (as reported in the table in the introduction).

Data sources:
     References to sources of           Quality                                                                                  Additional
                                                           Table 6.4 Category                        Year(s)
             information                (H/M/L)                                                                                  comments
Forestry Commission Annual Reports         H      Social and amenity services                  1990-91 to 2008-09            Expenditure on RCH
& Accounts
Forestry Statistics 2009 Table 8.6         H      Other services                              2005-06 and 2008-09            Management grant
and equivalent table in FS 2006
Grant scheme databases                     H      Other services                              1994-95 and 2000-01            Management grant
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 6.5: Forest sector workforce

Pan-European indicator 6.5: Number of persons employed and labour input in the forest sector, classified by gender and age group,
education and job characteristics.
Related SoEF definitions: Labour Force Survey, Education, Job characteristics.

Table 6.5a: Employment (thousand FTE) by gender and age
                                                                          Gender                             Age group
          Category                Year          Total
                                                                  Male             Female            15-49               50+
Forestry                          2010                   16.5             13.8               2.7             11.1               5.4
(ISIC/NACE 02)                    2005                   13.7             12.1               1.6             10.6               3.1
                                  2000                   15.8             14.5               1.2             11.8               3.9
                                  1990                   17.4             15.1               2.3             14.3               3.1
Manufacture of wood and           2010                   84.2             72.8              11.4             62.8              21.4
articles in wood                  2005                   87.4             75.8              11.6             66.2              21.2
(ISIC/NACE 20)                    2000                   83.4             70.6              12.8             63.0              20.4
                                  1990                  120.6            107.0              13.6             94.8              25.7
Manufacture of paper and          2010                   83.3             63.6              19.8             56.6              26.7
paper products                    2005                   92.9             68.4              24.6             66.7              26.3
(ISIC/NACE 21)                    2000                  112.6             81.8              30.7             83.1              29.5
                                  1990                  125.6             89.1              36.4             96.8              28.8

Table 6.5b: Employment (thousand FTE) by education and job characteristics
                                                         Education
                                                                                                      Job characteristics
            Category          Year                (Categories ISCED 1997)
                                            0-2              3-4                    5-6            Employees    Self-employed
Forestry                      2010                 3.8             7.2                       5.3            9.2            7.3
(ISIC/NACE 02)                2005                 3.2             7.3                       3.0            6.7            7.0
                              2000                 4.7             6.9                       2.9            8.4            7.4
                              1990                 9.8             4.6                       2.9            9.7            7.3
Manufacture of wood and       2010               23.7             49.2                      10.6           73.6           10.4
articles in wood              2005               28.9             49.6                       8.4           76.4           10.6
(ISIC/NACE 20)
Manufacture of wood and
articles in wood
(ISIC/NACE 20)                      2000                  29.8               40.6               6.1               69.4               13.4
                                    1990                  56.2               56.9               5.4               86.3               33.7
Manufacture of paper and            2010                  26.6               41.7              14.6               80.2                3.0
paper products                      2005                  30.3               44.0              17.9               89.1                3.6
(ISIC/NACE 21)                      2000                  40.2               44.0              15.2              109.9                2.7
                                    1990                  68.2               45.9              10.0              122.8                2.6

Country comments:
          Category                Comments related to data, definitions, etc            Comments on trend(s)
General comments                 Prefilled data from Eurostat. Not checked - will
                                 require access to underlying data.
Total employment
Employment by gender             Forestry figures by gender for 1990 and 2005
                                 adjusted pro-rata to sum to correct total.
Employment by age group
Employment by education level
Employment by job
characteristics
The year and data reported for
2010

Complementary information:
                          Item                                                           Related information
Scope of employment reported (if not from LFS)
Comments on employment which is not covered by the
sources used

Reporting notes:
1. The recommended source for all data is the Labour Force Survey (LFS), which provides all the breakdowns requested. If LFS data
are not available, please provide the best statistics or estimates from other sources. If using other sources, e.g. survey of businesses,
note that the desired scope includes the self-employed, and that forestry (ISIC/NACE02) is limited to those working primarily in
forestry, so excludes e.g. agricultural workers who undertakes some forestry work, or government employees classified as public
administration.
2. Countries should extrapolate from the available data to provide estimates for all years requested in the table. For countries in which
sample data are based on relatively small numbers in forest sectors, it is recommended to pool data and calculate averages for 3 or 5-
year periods around the reporting dates. EUROSTAT will provide the annual data available, with an indication of sample sizes or other
indicators of reliability, to enable national correspondents to judge how best to present the data.
3. Report numbers as thousands of full-time equivalent (FTE).
4. If estimating the breakdown by education level using other sources, note that categories 0-2 covers those with no more than lower
secondary education, categories 5-6 cover those with tertiary (higher) education, and categories 3-4 cover all others ( other secondary
and post-secondary), for more details see terms and definitions.
5. The category „self-employed‟ should also include unpaid family workers.
6. For 2010, please provide data or estimates for the most recent year available, and indicate the year and data status in “Country
comments ”.
7. In order to obtain more reliable data, average values from three years have been calculated for pre-filling:
1990: 1992-1994
2000: 1999-2001
2005: 2004-2006
2010. 2006-2008
8. Source of pre-filled data: Eurostat Labour Force Survey

Data sources:
                                                   Table 6.5a                        Additional comments on the
  References to sources of        Quality
                                                    and 6.5b         Year(s)             reliability of the data
        information               (H/M/L)
                                                   Category                           (data collection procedure)
Eurostat Labour Force Survey         M       All                   1992-2008      As pre-filled by Eurostat, not yet
                                                                                  validated
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 6.6: Occupational safety and health

Pan-European indicator 6.6: Frequency of occupational accidents and occupational diseases in forestry.
Related SoEF definitions: Occupational accident, Occupational disease.


Table 6.6: Occupational accidents
                                                Fatal occupational accidents                   Non-fatal occupational accidents
          Category               Year                          Annual rate per 1000                            Annual rate per 1000
                                                Number                                          Number
                                                                     workers                                          workers
Forestry                         2010                      0.0                   0.0                       106                   6.4
(ISIC/NACE 02)                   2005                      3.0                   0.2                       111                   7.1
                                 2000                      3.6                   0.2                       177                  11.3
                                 1990                     10.0                   0.6                       242                  13.9

Country comments:
                                  Comments related to data,
          Category                                                          Comments on trend(s)
                                        definitions, etc.
General comments              Accidents reported to Health &     For 1990 used single year figures for 1990/91.
                              Safety Executive for SIC 02. The   For 2000 and for 2005 used average of 5
                              scope is GB (UK excluding N        years. For 2010 used single year 2008/09
                              Ireland).                          (provisional).
Fatal accidents               Fatal accidents recorded by HSE. The use of single year data for 1990/91 and
                                                               2008/09 may may make the magnitude of
                                                               change unreliable, but the available annual
                                                               data confirm the downward trend.
Non-fatal accidents           Accidents recorded by HSE as       The downward trend to 2005 is confirmed by
                              "major" or "over 3 days".          the available annual data, but the further
                                                                 decline to 2010 is not yet clearly established.
Any comments on                  Only limited data for occupational
occupational diseases            diseases in forestry are available
                                 from Health & Safety Executive;
                                 they cannot be converted into the
                                 form required for this indicator.

Complementary information:
                   Item                                               Related information
Threshold for reporting non-fatal             over 3 days
accidents:days of absence

Reporting notes:
1. Note that rates are expressed per 1000 workers. This is a change from SoEF 2007, which gave rates per 100 workers.
2. Occupational accidents are occurrences arising out of or in the course of work which result in fatal or non-fatal occupational injury.
3. Figures to be reported are for forestry (ISIC/NACE 02). Do not include injuries in wood processing or injuries to the public visiting
forests.
4. A possible threshold for reporting a non-fatal accident is whether it results in over 3 days absence from work, but different thresholds
may be used for national reporting. Please indicate the threshold used in country specifications.
5. Figures are not requested for occupational diseases, because of the lack of data. If information is available for occupational diseases,
please include and explain this in country comments.
6. Figures for the reporting years refer to the averages for the 5-year periods 1988-1992, 1998-2002 and 2003-2007 respectively, i.e. not
the data for the “central year ” (1990, 2000, 2005) noted in the Table above, e.g. 2003-2007 instead of 2005. For 2010 - average values
from 2008 and 2009 (if available) should be used.

Data sources:
   References to sources of         Quality
                                               Table 6.6 Category            Year(s)           Additional comments
           information              (H/M/L)
Heath & Safety Executive:              M      All                      1990-91, annual data
Injuries to employees, by 4-                                          from 1996-97 to 2008-
digit SIC code, as reported to                                              09 (prov)
all enforcing authorities
Heath & Safety Executive:             L       All                     annual data from 2000-
Injuries to self-employed by                                           01 to 2008-09 (prov)
industry, as reported to all
enforcing authorities
Labour Force Survey, as     M   Employment, to         Averages for 1990,
reported in indicator 6.5       calculate rates/1000    2000, 2005. 2008
                                                        United Kingdom
                                             Reporting Form 6.7: Wood consumption
                                               Reporting Form 6.8: Trade in wood
The data / information for these Indicators will be provided separately by the International Data Provider (UNECE-JFSQ), and it will be
 presented to National Correspondents before it is published. Technical Specifications for reporting by IDPs is available in a separate
                                                 document prepared for your information.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 6.9: Energy from wood

Pan-European indicator 6.9: Share of wood energy in total energy consumption, classified by origin of wood.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Forest available for wood supply, Trees outside forests, Total Primary (energy) production,
Gross inland (energy) consumption, Direct wood fibre sources, Chips and particles, Wood residues, Black liquor, Energy from processed wood-
based fuels, Wood pellets, Briquettes, Charcoal, Wood-based ethanol, Wood-based biodiesel, Post consumer recovered wood.

Table 6.9: Total energy production from wood
                                                                                   Reference year 2007
                             Category                                                       (million metric tonnes
                                                                             (TJ/yr)
                                                                                                 dry matter/yr)
Total national primary energy consumption:                                        9923800
Total national primary energy production:                                         7788160
Total energy production from wood:                                                   20440                      0.98
Energy from direct wood fibre sources:                                                4900                      0.24
  Forests & other wooded land:                                                        4030                      0.19
  Other land (trees outside forests):                                                  870                      0.04
Energy from co-products and residues of the wood processing
industries:                                                                           3720                      0.18
  Solid residues (chips, particles, wood residues, bark, excluding
  processed wood-based fuels):                                                        3660                      0.18

  Liquid residues from pulp and paper industry (mainly black liquors)                   60                      0.00
Energy from processed wood-based fuels (pellets, briquettes,
charcoal, wood-based ethanol and wood-based biodiesel):                               9660                      0.47
Energy from post consumer recovered wood:                                             2160                      0.10

Country comments:
           References to sources of information                         Comments related to data, definitions, etc     Comments on trend(s)*/
General comments                                                     All energy production from wood is estimated       Reliable trend data not yet
                                                                     from statistical enquiries of forest industries,   available.
                                                                     including expert estimates and advice on
                                                                     assumptions. As shown in the Joint Wood
                                                                     Energy Enquiry (JWEE), these differ in total
                                                                     from UK energy statistics for wood. Further
                                                                     details are available in the UK response to the
                                                                     JWEE.
*/ Table 6.9 demands information for 2007 only, information on observed trends is welcome.

Complementary information:
Item                                                                                         Related information
Approach to calculate or estimate wood directly from forests and      Estimates based on harvesting and deliveries data, not on
outside forests (marketed and self-consumption)                       national forest inventory.
Conversion factors used to convert to energy/from energy units        1 tonne of oil equivalent = 41.868 GJ

Reporting notes:
1. Post consumer recovered wood: Used wood arising from construction of buildings or from civil engineering works. Recovered wood from transport (pallets),
private households, as well as used wood arising from construction or demolition of buildings or from civil engineering works. ( source : UNECE Joint Wood
Energy Enquiry 2007).
2.The categories in the reporting form are fully consistent with the main categories requested by the Joint Wood Energy Enquiry (JWEE). Countries that
responded to the JWEE are requested to provide consistent values for the indicator 6.9 and for the JWEE. Note that the total Energy from direct wood fibre
sources may include energy produced from wood from unspecified source; the total value for this category could be larger than the sum of energy from Forests
& other wooded land and Other land (trees outside forests).
3. Reporting on wood energy is also requested by the European Union - National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP). The Reporting form 6.9 categories
are consistent with NREAP reporting, countries are encouraged to use data reported for the Commission's template for the national renewable energy action
plans (http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/transparency_platform_en.htm), if applicable.

Data sources:

                                                                                                                           Original
                                                                                                                                          Year(s) /   Additional
              References to sources of information                       Quality (H/M/L)       Table 6.9 Categories       reporting
                                                                                                                                           annual     comments
                                                                                                                            unit*/
Digest of UK Energy Statistics 2009: Table 1.2 Aggregate energy   H   Total national primary     thousand
balance 2007 and Annex A conversion factors                           energy consumption and   tonnes of oil
                                                                      production                equivalent     Annual
UK response to Joint Wood Energy Enquiry                          M   All other categories        various       2007

*/TJ, m3, metric tonnes dry matter, etc.
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 6.10: Accessibility for recreation


Pan-European indicator 6.10: Area of forest and other wooded land where public has a right of access for recreational purposes and indication of
intensity of use.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Access for recreation, Main management goal, Visit.

Table 6.10: Accessibility for recreation and intensity of use
                                       Area with access available to the public Area with recreational use as one main
                                                                                                                         Intensity of use
                                              for recreational purposes                    management goal
         Category            Year
                                             Total                                    Total                             Annual number of
                                                                 % of total                              % of total
                                           (1000 ha)                                (1000 ha)                             visits (million)
Total forest and other       2005                     2083                   73                105                  3.7                  350
wooded land                  2000                     1533                   55                  90                 3.2                  350
                             1990                     1433                   55                  60                 2.3                  350

Country comments:
       Category                Comments related to data, definitions, etc.                 Comments on trend(s)
Area with access            The original Woods for People report in 2004 showed       These figures differ from those in more
available to the public for area with access as 1,533,000 ha, equivalent to 54.9%     recent reports on Woods for People -
recreational purposes       of area in 2000. As in FRA 2005 (total area with          Forestry Statistics 2009 Table 6.13. After re-
                            function), apply the same % to area for 1990 (this will   analysis in 2007, the baseline was
                            understate growth, because access has been                decreased to exclude non-woodland areas,
                            increased through grants etc). Under the Countryside      but the time series does not reflect the
                            and Rights of Way Act 2000, most state woodland in        changes described in these comments.
                            England and Wales has been dedicated, but access to
                            private woodland is permissive, not a legal right. In
                            Scotland, the Land Reform Act 2003 gives a statutory
                            right of responsible access, which in principle applies
                            to almost all woodland. These acts extend the area with
                            legal right of access, all of which is included in area
                            accessible to the public for 2005, even if there are
                            considerable access difficulties in practice. The
                            estimate for 2005 includes almost all woodland in
                            Scotland, and most state woodland in England and
                            Wales.
Area with recreational use Area is taken as equivalent to FRA 2010 area with
as one main                primary function. In many forests, visitors may not go
management goal            beyond the car parks, picnic areas, waymarked walks
                           etc, so the area with function recreation could be
                           limited to the immediate surroundings of these
                           facilities, unlikely to average more than 10 ha per site.
                           Assuming 40 hectares per site on average for each of
                           around 500 FC sites and 20 hectares per site on
                           average for around 2500 others identified in “Forests‟
                           Role in Tourism” (2003), this adds up to around 70,000
                           ha for 2000. The number of recreation sites is
                           increasing, but there are no statistics for this, so
                           estimate 60,000 ha for 1990 and 75,000 ha for 2005.
                           To this can be added new planting in community
                           forests and similar initiatives – around 20,000 ha in the
                           1990s, perhaps a further 10,000 ha to 2005, to give the
                           totals shown below. Other possible areas (e.g. all Local
                           Authority-owned woods) have not been included.
Intensity of use           Most household surveys since 1990 have indicated           Changing methodologies of household
                           annual totals of over 300 million day visits to woodland   surveys make it difficult to obtain reliable
                           from home by adults. This excludes visits made while       time trends. Where the Public Opinion of
                           staying away from home, visits by overseas tourists,       Forestry surveys used the same omnibus
                           visits by children (under 16) and visits not considered    surveys over a long period they did not
                           to be leisure (e.g. some routine dog walking). These       show much variation over time in the level
                           household surveys also indicate that around 40% of UK      of visiting, so no change is reported. Most
                           adults have made at least one such visit in the previous   forest recreation is at sites with good
                           year. An alternative source (Public Opinion of Forestry    recreation infrastructure, so the increase in
                           survey) indicates that about two-thirds of UK adults       total area with access arising from the 2000
                           have visited woodland in the last few years, which         and 2003 Acts would not be expected to
                           corroborates the view that the household surveys           have a major impact on the total number of
                           exclude some routine visits.                               visits. The increased number of recreation
                                                                                      sites and community woodlands would have
                                                                                      been expected to make a positive impact,
                                                                                      but there will have been some displacement
                                                                                      (visiting the new sites instead of existing
                                                                                      sites) and countinuing enhancement is
                                                                                      needed to counter other the growing range
                                                                                      of non-forest attractions and home-based
                                                                                      recreation.


Complementary information:
                             Item                                                     Related information
Criteria used to include areas in “Access available to the
public for recreational purposes ”
Criteria used to include areas in “Area with recreation as
one main management goal ”

Reporting notes:

1. The area in category “Access available to the public for recreational purposes ” comprises area with a legal right of access as
well as areas with no formal legal right, but with customary rights or other de-facto forms of access available to the public.
2. For “Area with recreational use as one of main management goal ”, if information is not available for the scope described in
the definition, please provide information for whatever area can be identified that best matches this scope, and describe the
basis in country comments.
3. For intensity of use, if information on national numbers of visits is only available for a wider scope (e.g. all countryside) or a
narrower scope (e.g. forest parks or state forests), please provide numbers for whatever scope best matches the definition and
describe the scope under “Country comments ”. If a different definition of visits is used in national data, please also describe
this. Where information is not available on national numbers of forest visits, please provide other information on participation in
forest recreation under “Country comments”.
4. If the information is available only for forest please report this in the Table 6.10 and explain this in “Country comments ”.

Data sources:
 References to sources       Quality                                                         Additional
                                        Table 6.10 Category            Year(s)
     of information          (H/M/L)                                                         comments
Woods for People                H       Area with access                2000           From original report -
                                        available to the                               differs from FS 2009
                                        public for recreational                        Table 6.13.
                                        purposes

Household recreation            M       Intensity of use                 All           UK/GB Day Visits
surveys                                                                                Surveys from 1994 to
                                                                                       2002/03, separate
                                                                                       country surveys in
                                                                                       later years,
                                                                                       summarised in
                                                                                       Forestry Statistics
                                                                                       2009 Table 6.1
Public Opinion of Forestry      M       Intensity of use                 All
surveys
 Forests‟ Role in Tourism       M       Area with                       2000
(2003)                                  recreational use as
                                        one main
                                        management goal
United Kingdom
Reporting Form 6.11: Cultural and spiritual values



MCPFE indicator 6.11: Number of sites within forest and other wooded land designated as having cultural or spiritual values.

Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Other wooded land, Cultural and spiritual values, Cultural heritage, Forested landscapes
with cultural & spiritual values, Trees with cultural & spiritual values, Other sites with cultural and spiritual values.

Table 6.11: Cultural and spiritual values
                                                Cultural heritage
                                                            of which:         Forested
                                                         associated with                         Trees         Other sites
          Category               Year        Total                          landscapes
                                                          historic forest
                                                          management
                                                                         (Number of sites)
Sites with recognized
cultural & spiritual values in
forest and other wooded          2005             4452                  52              104           42979               95
land

Country comments:
            Category                            Comments related to data, definitions and trends
Number of cultural heritage sites        Data were obtained for Scheduled Monuments (SM) in woodland
                                         areas, for England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland was
                                         excluded. The data are only for statutory sites considered of national
                                         importance. There are thousands of archaeological sites not
                                         designated in this way, including those that are associated with
                                         historic forest management.

                                         Each line entry for the SM was read and the description analysed.
                                         Based on this the monument was categorised as either “in the forest”
                                         or “of the forest” (i.e. associated with historic forest management).
                                         Time constraints prevented any detailed analysis of individual
                                         records.

                                         “Of the forest” categories were based on charcoal kiln/platform,
                                         some furnaces where part of their history is known to have used
                                         wood products as a fuel, woodbanks, woodland boundary and park
                                         pale. Pottery kilns were not included in this category.

                                         The total number of SMs by country were (“of the forest” in brackets):
                                         England 3952 (81), Scotland 319 (0), Wales 181 (1). The high count
                                         for England reflects the type of woodland and the history of
                                         scheduling.
Number of forested landscapes with       Data are provided for the number of sites within MCPFE Protected
cultural & spiritual values              Forest Area Class 2, i.e. National Parks (15 in England, Scotland
                                         and Wales), Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs – 49 in
                                         England, Wales and Northern Ireland), and National Scenic Areas
                                         (NSAs – 40 in Scotland).
Number of trees with cultural & spiritual Data from The Woodland Trust „Ancient Tree Hunt‟. This database is
values                                    expanding each year as more trees are identified and verified across
                                          UK. It includes field and parkland trees. Within the time period
                                          available, it was not possible to identify and omit field and parkland
                                          trees from the total. Northern Ireland was included.
Number of other sites with cultural &     Data are provided for the number of sculptures, sculpture trails and
spiritual values                          other sites of installation art located in FOWL that are known to the
                                          Forestry Commission (FC). The majority of sites are on FC land.
                                          Total number of sites by country were: England 24, Scotland 23,
                                          Wales 48. Northern Ireland was excluded.

Reporting notes:
1. Sites reported here should be sites that are officially and explicitly designated for the protection of cultural and spiritual
values and/or are officially recognized for such values, e.g. through governmental bodies, and/or are formally recorded, e.g. in
a national database of veteran trees. Please provide a note under “Country comments ” to indicate which type of recognition
applies to the data in each category.
2. The reference area for reporting is “Total FOWL ” only, not further divided into sub-classes “Forest” and “Other wooded
land”. If data are available for sub-class “Forest” only, please report on this sub-class and provide note under “Country
comments”.
3. If data are only available for certain forest areas or ownership classes (e.g. state forests), please report these data and
provide a note in “Country comments ” to indicate the area (ha) and/or reference to the ownership class.
4. The reporting year is 2005, although data for other recent years may be used if considered to be more accurate. Please
record the year that the data applies to under “Country comments ”.
5. Please record each site only once under the category that best reflects its recognized value or designation. Sites may
overlap; for example a cultural heritage feature may be located within a larger site recorded under “Forested landscapes.
6. Please provide details under “Country comments ” on which types of sites are included for each category.

Data sources:
References to sources of       Quality      Table 6.11                             Type of         Additional
                                                                 Year(s)
       information             (H/M/L)      Category                              inventory        comments
National heritage data sets   M   Cultural     2010   Data for
provided the number of            heritage            Scheduled
sites.                                                Monuments
                                                      (SMs) was
National Inventory                                    derived from
Woodland and Trees                                    national
(NIWT) provided the data                              heritage data
on woodland area.                                     sets for
                                                      England,
                                                      Scotland and
                                                      Wales.
                                                      Northern
                                                      Ireland was
                                                      excluded.
                                                      Those SMs
                                                      located within
                                                      FOWL were
                                                      recorded.
Websites accessed 30 April    H   Forested     2010   Numbers of
2010:                             landscapes          National Parks,
National Parks:                                       AONBs, and
www.nationalparks.gov.uk                              NSAs were
Areas of Outstanding                                  obtained from
Natural Beauty (AONBs):                               government
www.aonb.org.uk                                       websites.
National Scenic Areas
(NSAs):
www.snh.gov.uk/protecting-
scotlands-nature/protected-
areas/national-
designations/nsa/
The Woodland Trust            L   Trees   2010   The “Ancient
“Ancient Tree Hunt”                              Tree Hunt”
(accessed 30 April 2010):                        website run by
http://www.ancienttreehunt.                      the Woodland
org.uk/                                          Trust records
                                                 42979 Ancient
                                                 Veterans and
                                                 Notable Trees
                                                 in UK, including
                                                 Northern
                                                 Ireland. Field
                                                 and parkland
                                                 trees are
                                                 included.
Pritchard, D. (2008) Artistic   L   Other sites   2010   The annex to
Licence: a review of the                                 Pritchard
Forestry Commission‟s                                    (2008) lists FC
involvement in the arts and                              arts-related
options for the future.                                  initiatives. Not
Report to Forestry                                       all of the
Commission, Edinburgh,                                   entries have
UK, 92pp.                                                been verified.
                                                         Those that
Data from Pritchard                                      could be
supplemented by searches                                 described as
of Forestry Commission                                   „other cultural
webpages, in particular:                                 heritage sites‟
http://www.forestry.gov.uk/w                             were recorded.
ebsite/fchomepages.nsf/hp/                               Additional sites
GBEEE                                                    identified from
                                                         searches of the
                                                         FC web-pages
                                                         were included.
                                                         Northern
                                                         Ireland was
                                                         excluded.
United Kingdom
Set of tables for pilot voluntary reporting by new European Forest Types

Pan-European indicator 1.3: Age structure and/or diameter distribution of forest and other wooded land, classified by forest type and by availability for wood
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Forest type, Stand, Even-aged stand.

Pilot table 1.3c: Age class distribution (even aged stands) by European Forest Types
                                                                                             Area by age classes (1000 ha)




                                                  Total Area
                                                  (1000 ha)




                                                                                                                                                          Unspecifie
                                                               <10 years




                                                                                                                            101-120



                                                                                                                                       121-140
                 Category




                                                                                                                  81-100
                                                                           11-20



                                                                                   21-40



                                                                                            41-60



                                                                                                       61-80




                                                                                                                                                 >140
                (Year 2005)




                                                                                                                                                              d
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and
mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean,
Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forests

Country comments:
                                                Comments related to data, definitions,
                 Category                                                                  Comments on the reported trends
                                                               etc.
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and
mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean,
Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forests

Reporting notes:
1. Breakdown by the European Forest Types of age class distribution of even aged forest stands, as reported in Table 1.3a, is required.
2. Reporting year: 2005.
3. The country approach to the calculation of age class distribution by European Forest Types should be documented in “Country comments”.
United Kingdom
Set of tables for pilot voluntary reporting by new European Forest Types

Pan-European indicator 1.3: Age structure and/or diameter distribution of forest and other wooded land, classified by forest type and by availability
for wood supply.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Stand, Forest type, Uneven-aged stands.

Pilot Table 1.3d: Diameter distribution and total area (uneven-aged stands) by European Forest Types
                                                                                         Volume by diameter classes
                  Category                 Total Area Total Volume
                                                                                                (1 000 m³ o.b.)
                (Year: 2005)                (1000 ha) (1 000 m³ o.b.)
                                                                         <20 cm      21-40 cm      41-60 cm     >60 cm                 Unspecified
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous
and mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the
Mediterranean, Anatolian and
Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen
forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest

Country comments:
                 Category                          Comments related to data, definitions, etc.              Comments on the reported trends
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous
and mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the
Mediterranean, Anatolian and
Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen
forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest

Reporting notes:
1. Breakdown by the European Forest Types of age class distribution of even aged forest stands, as reported in Table 1.3a, is required.
2. Reporting year: 2005.
3. The country approach to the calculation of age class distribution by European Forest Types should be documented in “Country comments”.
United Kingdom
Set of tables for pilot voluntary reporting by new European Forest Types

Pan-European indicator 4.1: Area of forest and other wooded land, classified by number of tree species occurring and
by forest type.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Stand, Tree, Forest type.

Pilot table 4.1b: Tree species composition by European Forest Types
                                                          Area with number of tree species occurring
                     Category
                                                                         (1000 ha)
                   (Year: 2005)
                                                     1           2-3         4-5          6-10                >10
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and mixed
broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean,
Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest

Country comments:
                                                  Comments related to data, definitions,        Comments on the
                   Category
                                                                 etc.                            reported trends
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and mixed
broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean,
Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest

Reporting notes:
1. Breakdown by the European Forest Types of the forest area classified by number of occurring tree species, as reported
in Table 4.1a, is required.
2. Reporting year: 2005.
3. The country approach to the calculation of age class distribution by European Forest Types should be documented in
“Country comments”.
United Kingdom
Set of tables for pilot voluntary reporting by new European Forest Types

Pan-European indicator 4.3: Area of forest and other wooded land, classified by “undisturbed by man ”, by “semi-
natura l” or by “plantations ”, each by forest type.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Naturalness, Undisturbed by man, Semi-natural, Plantation, Forest type.

Pilot table 4.3b: Naturalness of forest by European Forest Types
                                                                         Area (1000 ha)
                     Category
                   (Year: 2005)                 Undisturbed by man        Semi-natural           Plantations
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and
mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean,
Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest

Country comments:
              Category                           Comments related to data, definitions,      Comments on the
                                                                etc.                          reported trends
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and
mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean,
Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
12. Floodplain forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest

Reporting notes:
1. Breakdown by the European Forest Types of the forest area classified by naturalness, as reported in Table 4.3a,
is required.
2. Reporting year: 2005.
3. The country approach to the calculation of age class distribution by European Forest Types should be
documented in “Country comments”.
United Kingdom
Set of tables for pilot voluntary reporting by new European Forest Types

MCPFE indicator 4.5: Volume of standing and of lying deadwood on forest and other wooded land, classified by
forest type.
Related SoEF definitions: Forest, Deadwood, Forest type.

Pilot table 4.5b: Deadwood on forest by European Forest Types
                                                                  Volume of deadwood
                   Category
                                                                        (m³/ha)
                 (Year: 2005)                         Total            Standing                Lying
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and
mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean,
Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest

Country comments:
                                                Comments related to data, definitions,   Comments on the
                   Category
                                                               etc.                       reported trends
1. Boreal forest
2. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and
mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest
3. Alpine forest
4. Acidophilous oak and oak-birch forest
5. Mesophytic deciduous forest
6. Beech forest
7. Mountainous beech forest
8. Thermophilous deciduous forest
9. Broadleaved evergreen forest
10. Coniferous forests of the Mediterranean,
Anatolian and Macaronesian regions
11. Mire and swamp forest
13. Non-riverine alder, birch or aspen forest
14. Introduced tree species forest
Unclassified stocked forest

Reporting notes:
1. Breakdown by the European Forest Types of the deadwood volume on forest, as reported in Table 4.5a, is
2. Reporting year: 2005.
3. The country approach to the calculation of age class distribution by European Forest Types should be
documented in “Country comments”.
Exchange rates Euro/ECU to sterling
                     Eurostat       1/rate                           Period average

      1988              0.664434    1.50504
      1989              0.673302   1.485218
      1990               0.71385   1.400855                 88--92           1.435
      1991               0.70101   1.426513
      1992               0.73765   1.355656
      1993               0.77999   1.282068
      1994               0.77590   1.288826
      1995               0.82879   1.206578
      1996               0.81380   1.228803
      1997               0.69230    1.44446
      1998               0.67643    1.47835
      1999               0.65874    1.51805
      2000               0.60948   1.640743                 98--02           1.567
      2001               0.62187   1.608053
      2002               0.62883   1.590255
      2003               0.69199   1.445108
      2004               0.67866   1.473492
      2005               0.68380   1.462416                 03--07           1.462
      2006               0.68173   1.466856
      2007               0.68434   1.461262
      2008               0.79628    1.25584                 08--09           1.189
      2009               0.89094    1.12241

Sources:
Eurostat     Interactive database: Euro/ECU Annual exchange rates, Annual averages to Sterling
             1988 and 1989 provided by Eurostat on request

				
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posted:3/19/2011
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