Land Consolidation In CEEC An Ov

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Land Consolidation In CEEC An Ov Powered By Docstoc
					O      Land Consolidation In CEEC
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E             An Overview
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    commissioned by:
     commissioned by:
O   FAO – members served by SEUR Budapest
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V            The Purpose of the Study
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V !   Collecting evidence regarding the magnitude and
I     impact of Land fragmentation
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W !   Raising decision makers awareness

 !    Identifying and assessing fundamental issues,
      preconditions and externalities of LC processes

 !    Providing inputs and entry points for implementing
      LC strategies policies and projects
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                       Methodology
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  ! Setting up the logical framework
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     ! Rationale, objectives, activities, work plans
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I    ! Identification of core elements
        ! legal framework,
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        ! economic environment,
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          !   sociological analysis,
          !   land administration issues

   ! Defining the surveyed area and criteria
   ! Contracting local research institutes
   ! Providing technical guidance
   ! Ensuring adequate monitoring and quality control
   ! Motivating follow up activities
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    Czech      Country Study
    Republic
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               Hungary
W                        Romania




                            Bulgaria
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V                           Findings
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R ! Land fragmentation (LF) is acknowledged as a
V   problem by decision makers, however:
I    ! Its impact on economic growth and social stability in rural areas is

E      largely underestimated
     ! LF is regarded as an isolated land administration issue
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        !   The current Land Policy can not address the problems
    ! LF seriously affects rural development in terms of:
        !   Productivity, efficiency, competitiveness for farmers,
        !   LF impedes public and private investment
        !   LF hinders environmental protection / sustainable resource
            management
    ! Rural development policies / strategies based on
      stakeholder participation are not in place as of yet
O                 Summary of Findings
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E              Rural dwellers opinions:
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V Rural dwellers recognize land fragmentation
I   as an obstacle but:
E   a.) don’t have other economic choices
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    b.) fear to lose their property
    c.) are not or insufficiently informed
    d.) don’t trust solutions from the top
    e.) do have workable (informal) local agreements
O             Research team proposals
V        to come over Land Fragmentation
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R     To evaluate the political, socio-economic and ecological
V     impact of Land Consolidation (LC)
I     To direct governments policies towards LC as an integrated
E     part of Rural Development strategies + prepare LC laws
W "   To evaluate the +/-, structure and establish Land Banks,
  " To establish LC as Dep. or as part of Land Offices / Cadastre.
  " To provide resources for specialized staff training
  " To raise public awareness about positive effects of LC
  " To start LC - projects on a pilot level
O              Research team proposals
V
E                     next steps
R   Land fragmentation hampers sustainable rural development
V   The social, economic and ecological impacts of land
I   fragmentation for rural society are not yet assessed
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W   Full implications of LC projects are still very much a black box and
    therefore careful appraisal is required to avoid negative externalities

    LC is an essential requisite for further interventions in the rural
    space

    Complex LC provide an excellent opportunity to integrate land
    administration issues into the framework of regional development
O           Land Consolidation (LC)
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E   A Gate for Sustainable Rural Development
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O              Tools for sustainable
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E               rural development
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                            Good Land
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                            Information
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    Better Land                                        Better Land
        Use                                               Policy



                            Better Land
                          Administration
                          / Management
       Source: The Bathurst-Declaration, FIG Publication No. 22/1999
        Source: The Bathurst-Declaration, FIG Publication No. 22/1999
O              Land Consolidation - Why ?
V            New Rural Development paradigms
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R   ! Changes in agricultural structures
V   ! Disintegration of rural society
       !commercial farming on large estates substitutes family farming

I   ! Economical and social gap among regions
       !agriculture is not demographic patterns
       !Radical shifts in the sole source of income
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         !! Smaller agro-environmental awareness
          Increased investments in rural development
         !Ageing rural population
W   ! Threats on the social and political stability              LC
          !Rural dwellers have less access to capital assets
         !Migration of the young and skilled


    ! Awareness among decision makers and stakeholders
    ! EU accession as a catalyst
    ! The political climate is changing
    ! The technical know how is readily available
O                Land Consolidation (LC)
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E                  Guiding Principles1
R   LC has to be participatory, democratic and community driven
V   The focus is on rural livelihood rather than on primary production of
I         food staples
E   The community defines new usage of its resources and
W         reorganize its spatial components (parcels) accordingly.
    LC is a comprehensive, cross-sector approach, integrating
          elements of village renewal and rural-regional development
    LC has to consider geographical and cultural differences
    Implementation of tailor made LC practices
    Informal LC proceedings can be integrated

      The final outcome is community renewal;
     sustainable development of the rural areas
     1)
      1)   J.Riddell,F.Rembold: Farm Land Rationalisation and Land Consolidation:
            J.Riddell,F.Rembold: Farm Land Rationalisation and Land Consolidation:
                               Strategies for Multifunctional Use of Rural Space
                                Strategies for Multifunctional Use of Rural Space
                              in Eastern and Central Europe, FIG-WW Praha 2001
                               in Eastern and Central Europe, FIG-WW Praha 2001
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V       Common Misconceptions
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I   LC is too costly
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    High demands on institutions

    Rural dwellers‘ attitudes
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V       SWOT: Strengths and opportunities
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R                 Improving the agriculture sector
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I   Improving Land Management        Improving Rural Development
E      Land use planning                Village renewal
W      Environment protection           Improving Infrastructure
       Natural resource management      Attracting investments
       Settlement of land disputes      Creating employment and
       Regional development             income opportunities
       (peri-urban, peri-rural)

                  The final outcome:
        Increasing attractiveness of rural areas
O        Land Consolidation (LC)
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E               Concepts
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      Market          Sustainable Rural
    Mechanisms   or   Development Policy
O            Land Consolidation (LC)
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E               Evolution (Germany)
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V   Goals:
I                                    Simple LC
E   1950s:     Food security
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    1960s-70s: Infrastructure development
    1980s:     Village renewal
    1990s:      “Re-naturation“
                                   Complex LC
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V              Simple LC # Complex LC
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V Optimises conditions in     Adds elements of
I the agriculture sector via       rural development,
E       re-allotment of plots      land use planning
W       exchange of parcels        land management



                  Common feature:
    restructuring of ownership and/or user rights
O   Land Consolidation (LC)
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E       Implementation
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V      !Preconditions
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E      !Institutional setting
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       !Logical framework

       !Pilot projects

       !Investment
O   Land Consolidation (LC)
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E        Preconditions
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       !Adequate legal framework
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I      !Land valuation schemes
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W      !Land Bank

       !Know How

       !Reliable information

       !Trust building (awareness)
O                    Land Consolidation (LC)
V                        Institutional setting 1
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R                         Horizontal and vertical links1
V Administrative Area                 Planning tools
I State: Ministries of Environment,   Policy Framework Plan: State
E Regional Development, Agriculture:  Development (1:1million, 1:200.000)
W Region / Province                   Regional Development Plan
     Regional Planning Authorities               Master Plan (1:50.000)
                                                 Landscape Management
                                                 Agrarian structural Development
     District / County                           Sector Plans
     District Council, Agencies
                                                 Landscape protection,
                                                 Maintenance plan
     Community                                   Communal Development Plan

                        1)
                         1)   K.Kollmer: Land use planning processes in Germany
                               K.Kollmer: Land use planning processes in Germany
O                 Land Consolidation (LC)
V                  Institutional setting 2
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R   Interaction of participating institutions on the local level
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      State & District authorities: Road & Railways, Power Supply, Water Supply,
I                   Agriculture, Forestry, Nature Conservation, etc.
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W                           Land Consolidation Agency



                                                             Body of
         Municipality                                      Participants
         Community                                         Land Owners




     Other NGOs like – Nature Protection Associations – Farmer Association –
     Industry and Commerce Associations – Hunter Associations – etc.



                K.Kollmer: Local Level Land Management / /Land Consolidation
                 K.Kollmer: Local Level Land Management Land Consolidation
O             Land Consolidation (LC)
V               Logical framework
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V                         Integration of complementary
I                                    activities
E                         • Farm structures / management
                          • Land use planning / master plans
W      Participatory      • Off farm employment
     project planning
                                   Course of action
                          •Activity plan
                          •Assignment plan
     Indicators, M&E      •Budget plans

    and quality control
O                Land Consolidation (LC)
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E                     Pilot projects1
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V   Criteria for selection
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    • The extent of land fragmentation
W   • The attitude of rural dwellers
    • Local authorities support            Examples
    • Development potentials
    • Availability of state / municipal land
    • Availability of geo-information

       The countries‘ cultural, social and economic diversities demand pilot projects
        The countries‘ cultural, social and economic diversities demand pilot projects
                          implemented in various geographic zones
                           implemented in various geographic zones
O           Land Consolidation (LC)
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E                   Investment
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I Opportunities
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W • Re-allocating domestic resources
   • EU pre-accession programmes
   • Bilateral financing
   • Multilateral financing
O       Requirements for LAS (Land
V   Administration Systems) in the context of
E       Improved Land Management
R       •   LAS has to be an integrated part of a comprehensive development scheme. The approach is
V           holistic, the focus is on space rather than sectors including the rural-urban nexus, utilizing land
            administration as one instrument to reach a broader goal for instance sustainable rural
I       •
            livelihoods
            Key word: Comprehensiveness
E       •   Requirement for Land administration systems (LAS) are changing over time according to the
            individual performance of each country in economic, social and ecological terms.
W       •   Key word: Flexibility
        •   Customer service will become one overwhelming goal for LAS. Individual information packages,
            product development and marketing will have the same importance as traditional tasks and
            duties
        •   Key word: Client orientation
        •   Changes in curricula for higher academic education in LAS related disciplines is urgently
            needed to cope with the demand for a different kind of service provision
        •   Key word: Training
        •   Cost recovery and even profit-orientation for LAS will be an issue especially in light of
            decreasing public resource allocation in CEEC.
        •   Conditions: Faster and reliable services, Land market development, Economies of scale
        •   Key word: Cost- effectiveness
        •   Competition for providing spatial information will increase, whereas the public sector will come
            under increasing pressure to give up its monopoly as unique information retailer
        •   Key word: Public- private partnership
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V           Recommendations for LAS
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    •   SWOT analysis of current LAS under the premises outlined hereunder:.
I   •   (Who are the stakeholders/target groups/beneficiaries and what are their specific information
        requirements? Local/Regional capacity and capability to develop and maintain appropriate LAS
E       ?)
    •   Key words: Appropriateness, Sustainability
W   •   Assess cross-sector strategic linkages and synergy effects among regional institutions utilizing
        LAS including decentralized agencies and private initiatives.
    •   Key word: Duplicity, Decentralization?
    •   Analyze current M&E systems utilized by governmental institutions and agencies to identify
        strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats for government institutions and agencies in
        view of acting as purely normative bodies in controlling and supervising private sector activities
        in LAS services.
    •   Key words: Privatization, Quality Control
    •   Analyze operational constraints and bottlenecks, which impede private- public partnerships and
        co-operation; design and develop best practices on effective and cost-efficient private- public
        partnerships including innovative organizational and administrative schemes.
    •   Key word: Public-private partnership
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V             FAO Activities in this Area
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V !   Comparative studies: Land fragmentation and its social
I     and economic impacts on rural society
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W!    Inventory of LC strategies, policies and concepts

 !    Technical Co-operation Program concerning LC,
      village melioration and rural development

 !    Knowledge management (Networking, training programs,
      syllabus development, workshops, seminars)

				
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posted:3/19/2011
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