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					                                                  VOICE
                                   The                                                                                                                                                            1
 Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                          The




 Vol.7 / No.15                                                                       Weekly                                                                        Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011

                                      POLITICS




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  VOICE
The
                                                                                                                                       Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




                                              VOICE
                                       The



           Vol.7 / No.15                                     Weekly                                  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011

          NEW MAKER




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Vol.7 / No.15 - March 21 - 27 , 2011                                                                                                                                       THE VOICE WEEKLY 33
Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The




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      4
  VOICE                  LOCAL                                                                                       BANK
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011



                                                   EDITORIAL




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     (A Sister Publication of Living Color Magazine)                                                                     Grant Aid rsm;ukdyg wm0ef,lulnDaeonfhtzGJUtpnf;jzpfonf/
 Chief Editor        - Kyaw Min Swe                                                                                            JICA onf *syefjynfolrsm;\ tcGefaiG? vSL'gef;aiGwdkYjzifh EdkifiHwumwGif zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;rsm;vkyf
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 MandalayCorrespondent- Tin Linn ,                                                                                       xm;onfh tiftm; 8.9 &pfcsfwmpau;&Sdaom ivsifonf *syefEdkifiH ta&SUajrmufurf;ajcESifh 19 rdkif tuGm
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Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
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                               Vol.7 / No.15                                  Weekly                                  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011

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      6
  VOICE
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          Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011


 NEWS MAKER
                                                                                                                                                          LOCAL                                                         The

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  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011


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   Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011


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    12
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Source : Bloomberg
  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                     EDUCATION                                                                                         The

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   14
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                   EDUCATION                                                                                                                                             Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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Vol.7 / No.15 - March 21 - 27 , 2011                                                                                                                                                                  THE VOICE WEEKLY 15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       15
  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                The




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jynfhESpfwGif wefcsdef 2 'or 107 oef;&SdcJh&mrS 1935 ckESpfwGif pkaygif; ig;odef; &Spfaomif;cefY (v,form;rdom;pk pkpkaygif;
wefcsdef 3 'or 3 oef;txd wkd;jrifhcJhaomfvnf; 1958-59 13 'or 3 &mckdifEIef;) cefYom&SdaMumif;awGU&ygonf/
ckESpfwGif 1 'or 8 oef;? 1961 rS 1965 umvtydkif;tjcm;                                                                        h                                             h
                                                                                                            xkYd aMumiftxufygtcsufrsm;udMk unfvQifyif jrefrmhv,f Cost Minimization (p&dwftenf;qHk;&Sdapjcif;) ESifh Profit Maxi-
wGifrl wefcsdef 1 'or 2 oef;cefY? 1965-66 wGifrl wefcsdef ,majrpduysKd;xkwvyronf wpfEiwpfyipuysKd;rItqifwif mization (tusKd;tjrwftjrifhqHk;&Sdapjcif;) oabmw&m;
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1 'or 015 oef;pojzifh edrfhqif;vmNyD; 1966-67 ckESpfwGif om&Sdaeao;aMumif;awGU&onfhtjyif pdkufysKd;olv,form;wdkY ESpf&yfvHk;udk aygif;NcHKpOf;pm;&efvdktyfonf/ qdkvdkonfrSm qef
wefcsdef 0 'or 479 oef;? 1967-68 ckESpfwGif wefcsdef \ 0ifaiGrSmvnf; 10 {uatmufpdkufysKd;olu trsm;pkjzpfae pyg;trsKd;trnfrsm;pGmxkwfvkyfjcif;xuf jrefrmEkdifiHom;wdkY\
0 'or 341 oef;txd usqif;oGm;cJhum 1973 ckESpfwGif jcif;aMumifh cefYrSef;0ifaiGodkY&&Sdap&eftwGuf p&dwfpuudk avQmh 0ifaiGtqifh (Income Level Groups)udk tMurf;zsif; oHk;ydkif;cGJ
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wefcsef 0 'or 144 oef;odYk xyfrusqif;cJonf/ 2007 ckEpü csEkdif&efvdktyfNyD; t"duoGif;tm;pkrsm;jzpfaom "mwfajrMoZm? jcm;vkuonf/ ,if;0ifaiGtvkupm;oH;Ekirnfh qeftrsKd;tpm;                                           d f                          d f         k d f
qefwefcsdef ESpfaomif;cefYomwifydkYa&mif;csEkdifcJhNyD; 2008 ckESpf ydk;owfaq;wdkYudk oufomaomEIef;xm;rsm;jzifh tcsdefra&G; ok;? av;rsK;cefYukd t"dupduysK;xkwvyNf yD; jynfwi;pm;oHk;rIESifh                 H           d              k f d        f k              Gf
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atmufwbm vuketxd qefwefcsewpfoe;ckepfaomif;ausmf 0,f,lEkdifpGrf;&Sdatmif aqmifMuOf;ay;&efvdktyfygonf/                                                                                                     jynfywifyYkda&mif;csrtwGuvnf; ,if;qeftrsK;tpm; oH;? av;
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wifydkYa&mif;cscJhonf/ (wpfcsdefwnf;wGif xkdif;EkdifiHonf t&nf                                                                 d f H        D          d             I I f                  f
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taoG;aumif;rGefonfh qefwefcsdef ckepfoef;? AD,uferfEkdifiH 2 'or 02 &mckdifEIef;cefY(2007-2008ckESpfwGif 1'or75? onf/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf jrefrmEdkifiH\ qefpyg; pdkufysKd;
onf qefwefcsdef 4 'or 5 oef;cefYukd jynfyodkYwifydkYa&mif;cs 2008-2009ckEpwi1'or52)&Sae&m ,if;\wd;wufrtvduf xkwfvkyfpm;oHk;rIESifh wifydkYrIudktjcm;aom qefpyg;pdkufysKd;
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Ekdifaeygonf/ þ xkdif;EkdifiHESifh AD,uferfEkdifiHwdkYonf jynfwi;pm;oH;rIukd vkavmufatmifjznfqnf;ay;&efEihf pduysK; xkwfvkyfpm;oHk;wifydkYaomEkdifiHrsm;ESifh EIdif;,SOfvQif jrefrmEkdifiH
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ajr{&d,mtus,ft0ef;t& jrefrmEkdifiHxufrsm;pGmao;i,fNyD; xkwvyrEihf &if;ES;jr§KyErwYkdwif Marginal Benefits (tpGe;xGuf rSm enf;ynmt&nftaoG;ESifh&&Sdaom tusKd;tjrwfwdkY rwlnD
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vlOD;a&rsm;jym;aomEkdifiH rsm;jzpfMuygonf/)                                                        tusKd;tjrwf) u Marginal Costs (tpGef;xGufp&dwfrsm;) xuf Muonfudk awGU&ygonf/
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udk pdkufysKd;ajr{&d,mESifh pdkufysKd;xkwfvkyfrIyrmP? vlOD;a&wkd; wk;wki; ,if;tay:wGif Marginal Economic Benefits (pD;yGm;a&; tm;pkrsm;yHy;rIwnfNidr&efvtyfouJoYdk ,if;wdYk \aps; EIe;rsm;
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1920 ckESpfwGif txufjrefrmjynfESifh atmufjrefrmjynfaygif; tusKd;tjrwf) rsm;udk pOf;pm;&efvdktyfonf/                                                                                                       onf/ t"duvdktyfaomoGif;tm;pkrsm; (Oyrm-"mwfajrMoZm)
pkpkaygif; pdkuf{u 10 'or 3 oef;cefYESifh pkpkaygif;qefpyg;                                                 (2) jrefrmEkdifiH\ qefpyg;tygt0if v,f,mu@\ udk jynfwi;wGif ukeMf urf;tvG,wul ESpumv&Sn&&SEiaom             G f                         f           f         f d dk f
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xkwvyrwefcsdef 6 'or 008 oef;? 1935 ckEpwif pkpaygif; pD;yGm;a&;udw;jr§iay;&efEihf NydKifbufEiirsm;ESihf ,SONf ydKifEipr; ae&ma'orsm;wGif puf½rsm;wnfaqmufjcif;ESihf jrefrmhajrqDEihf
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pdkuf{u 11 'or 9 oef;ESifh xkwfvkyfrIwefcsdef 7 'or 6 (Competitive Potential)udk wk;jr§iay;&eftwGuf v,fajr{&d,m vkuavsmnDaxG&apNyD; ajrqDvmrjyKe;wD;apaom "mwfajrMoZm                                        d f             dS                  T        f
oef;? 1958 ckESpfwGif pkpkaygif;pdkuf{u 10 'or 1 oef;ESifh tus,ft0ef;ESifh vkyfom;tiftm;&Sd½Hkjzifh rvHkavmufbJ Tech- rsm;xkwfvkyfEkdif&ef vdktyfygonf/
xkwfvkyfrIwefcsdef 6 'or 9 oef;? 1965 ckESpfwGif pkpkaygif; nical Innovation (enf;ynmwDxGifajymif;vJrI) udk tifwkduf                                                                                               (6) qefpyg;tygt0if v,f,mu@xGufukefrsm;\
pdkuf{u 12 'or 4 oef;ESifh xkwfvkyfrIwefcsdef 7 'or 9 tm;wdkufyHhydk;jznfhqnf;ay;&efvdktyfygonf/                                                                                                          urÇmhaps;uGuftaetxm;ESifh ,if;wdkY\ajymif;vJrIrsm;udkyg
oef;? 1967 ckESpfwGif pkpkaygif; pdkuf{u 12 'or 2 oef;ESifh                                                 (3) v,form;wdkY\ BudK;pm;tm;xkwfrI0g,r jrifhrm; tpOf a vh v m&ef v d k t yf N yD ; rd r d E k d i f i H u taeawmf p d k u f y sKd ;
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xkwvyrwefcsef 7 'or 6 oef;? 1973 ckEpwif pkpaygif;pduf vmap&eftwGufESifh xda&mufaomajr,mjyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm; xkwfvkyfrItaetxm; (ydkrxkwfrdatmif? avQmhrxkwfrdatmif)
{u 12 'or 6 oef;ESifh qefpyg;xkwfvkyfrIwefcsdef 8 'or (Effective Land Reforms)jyKvkyf&ef v,form;rsm;twGuf ukd twwfEkdifqHk;tpdk;&u BuD;MuyfuGyfuJay;&efvdktyfygonf/
5 oef;pD &SdcJhonf/ (1988 ckESpfwGif pkpkaygif;pdkuf{u 11 pD;yGm;a&;wGufajcudkufaprnfh qGJaqmifrIrsm; (Economic (ydrxwvyrvQif jynfwi;aps;uGuwivnf; aps;usNyD; avQmh                                         k kd k f k f d               G f           f G f
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               jynfwGif;pm;oHk;rI (Domestic Consumption)udk ouf oHk;ud&d,mrsm;udkwdkuf½kdufjzefYjzL;a&mif;csjcif;? usef;rma&;ESifh                                                                                 (7) qefpyg;xkwfvkyfjcif;vkyfief;udk wkd;csJUvkyfudkifjcif;
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rIEIef; (Population growth rate)udk MunfhvQif jrefrmEkdifiH\ tuRrf;w0if&Sdap&efavhusifhay;jcif;? jynfyaps;uGufrsm;\ ay;&efvnf; vdktyfygrnf/
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EIef; 0 'or 87 &mckdifEIef;cefY)? 1973 ckESpfwGif 28 oef;cefY wpfqifhtoday;jcif;? ydk;zsufjcif;? rkd;zsufjcif;? rkd;acgifjcif; wkd;wufaumif;rGefatmifaqmif&Gufay;&efvdktyfonf/ EkdifiH\
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ckESpfwGif 35 oef;cefY ( 2 'or 32 &mckdifEIef;cefY) ESifh 1993 pGrf;&Sdap&ef pDrHxm;&Sdjcif;wdkY ydkrdkvkdtyfygonf/                                                                                       tqifh jrifhenf;ynmrsm;vdktyfygonf/
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     16
   The
      VOICE                    PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                       PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                            The

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       17



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   18
 The
    VOICE           PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                             PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                    The

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     19



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( Global Media Monitoring Project)                                                             &SdcJhMuNyD;jzpfonf/ Oyrm-q&mrBuD; a':cifrsdK;cspfonf jrefrm                                                                                                        pmrsufESm 35 od k Y
     20
   The
      VOICE                    PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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   BUYING GUIDE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            21
 Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The




Vol.7 / No.15
                                                                                                                 The
                                                                                                                    VOICE                                                                                              March 21 - 27 , 2011

BOOK



MYANMAR CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DIRECTORY
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    22
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     VOICE             BUYING GUIDE                                                                                                                                                     Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                            POLITICS                                                                                        The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       23




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onfh ueOD; Transition udk trsm;pku Transition [k ud,pm;jyK                               k f             avh&Sdonfudkvnf; awGU&onf/ rsm;pGmaocsmonfrSm y#dyu©
ac:a0:oHk;EIef;avh&Sdonf/ ueOD;jzpfay:aom Transition ac:                                                 rjzpfapa&;ESifh wef;wl&nfwl ,SOfNydKifrIudk uefYowfa&;
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xm;onfhpepfrS ,cifucGifhrjyKaom EdkifiHa&;vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;udk                                              qdkaomtcsufjzpfonf/ xdkYaMumifh tqdkyg Negotiation Pact                Power Elites rsm;twGif;ü jyKvkyf&jcif;jzpfí EdkifiHa&;vkyfief;
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&eftvdkYiSm jyifqifonfhvkyfief;pOfrsm; ay:xGufvmjcif;jzpfNyD;                                            Edkifa&;udkvnf;aumif;? EdkifiHom;rsm; us,fus,fjyefYjyefY               the Game topfwpfckESifh pwifonfh yxrqHk;tqifhjzpfaom
twdtusvdkufemaqmif&Guf&rnfh Rule of the Game jywfjywf                                                    yg0ifcGifh udkuefYowfxm;a&;udkvnf;aumif; vkyfaqmifavh                  þumvwGif EdkifiHawmftmPmudk csKyfudkifxm;aom EdkifiHa&;
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  k f H                                    d Id f
Ediia&;tiftm;pkrsm; n§Ei;jy|mef;jcif;jzpfwwfouJoYkd wpfzuf                          h                    Liberalization pwifcsdefwGif tqifhvdkuf jzwfoef;&rnfhumv               rnfjzpf&m tuefYtowfjzifhvnf;aumif;? a&G;cs,fívnf;
owfajzavQmhjy|mef;jcif;rsKd;vnf;jzpfwwfonf/ toGiful;                                                                                           G f
                                                                                                         BuD;okH;yg;wGif Objective ac: &nf&,csu?f OD;wnfcsu?f vkyief;       f   aumif; ae&may;rIrsm;udk jrifawGUEdkifygonf/ txl;ojzifh
                        k f        k f H            k f
ajymif;a&;qdi&m? Ediia&;qdi&moabmwlncsutoGijf zifh ay:                       D f                         pOfrsm; rwlaomaMumifh Negotiation Pact udvnf; umvoH;yg;
                                                                                                                                                             k            k                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                þumvwGif wnfNidrat;csr;a&;udk ysujf ym;aprnf?h y#dyu©ukd   f
                              h
aygufwwfouJoYkd ,m,DzUJG pnf;yHtajccHOya'? zGUJ pnf;yHtajccH  k                             k            ESifh tvdkufoifhajymif;vJay;&ef vdktyfonf[k qdkonfhwdkif               jzpfay:aprnfh? ra&&mrIrsm;udk zefwD;rnfh ([k ,lqonfh)
Oya' ponfhyHkoP²mefjzifhvnf; ay:aygufwwfonfudkawGU&                                                               f l                        k f H kd f
                                                                                                         toGiu;ajymif;a&;jzpfay:onfh Ediiwi;wGif Negotiation Pact                                                            k f
                                                                                                                                                                                tiftm;pkrsm;udk z,fxwxm;onfuvnf; awGUjrifEiayonf/                 kd                  kd f
                            kfH
onf/ jrefrmEdii\ 2008 tajccHOya'opfonf tem*wftoGif                                                           k d                    f                    kfH
                                                                                                         oH;rsK;jrifawGU&onfr[kway/ tcsKUd aomEdiirsm;wGif Negotiation          EdkifiHa&;wGif Stakeholder tm;vHk;ESifh qufqHa&;aumif;olrsm;
ul;ajymif;a&;twGuf Rule of the Game jzpfaomaMumifh                                                       Pact wpfrsKd;wnf;udk wpforwfwnf;jy|mef;xm;NyD; umv                     udk tm;udk;í n§dEdIif;vkyfudkif&onfh vkyfenf;vkyf[efrsm;vnf;
Negotiation Pact [k ac:rnfqdkvQif ac:qdkEdkifygonf/                                                            k f                            G f G hf
                                                                                                         tvdutiftm;pkrsm; yg0ifaqmif&uciukd pGuzufxm;onfukd      f              ay:aygufvmwwfayonf/
               xdkodkY Negotiation Pact ac: Rule of the Game topf                                                k f           k kd   S
                                                                                                         awGUEdiayonf/ qdvonfrm Rule of the Game udk wpfrsK;wnf;       d                       þodYkaom Military Moment wGif twdtvif;jzpfap? twd
wpfckudk wpfenf;enf;aom oabmwlnDcsuf&EdkifcJhvQif toGif                                                                  k f H                     G f G
                                                                                                         xm;&SNd yD; Ediiom;rsm;\ yg0ifaqmif&ucihf wjznf;jznf; us,f             tvif;r[kwfaom yHkoP²mefESifhjzpfap &Sdaewwfaomoabm
ul;ajymif;a&;onf Liberalization ac: ajzavQmrrsm;jyKvkyonfh                    h I                f       us,fjyefYjyefYjzpfvmonf[k qdkvdkjcif;jzpfayonf (Players)/                          D f                  d                Sf
                                                                                                                                                                                wlncsuwpfrsK;rSm awmfvea&;enf;vrf;rsm;qDoYkd jyefroGm;a&;?
             h                                 dS G
tqifoYkd ul;ajymif;a&muf&om;onf/ &nf&,xm;aom ajzavQmrI                 G f                           h                                                                          tkycsKyfa&;tmPmud&,l&ef wpfenf;wpfzztm;ay;Ncdr;ajcmuf
                                                                                                                                                                                      f                                k                                       kH d          f
                                                                                                         (u) Military Moment (wyfrawmfESifh t&yfbuftkyfcsKyf
trsKd;rsKd;udk ay;xm;csufjzpfonfh Negotiation Pact ac: Rule                                                                                                                                                kf
                                                                                                                                                                                rIrsm; rjyKvya&;? wyfrawmfrsm;\ ,cifu vkyaqmifccsursm;                              f      hJ f
                                                                                                         a&;ud k c G J j cm;jcif ; )
of the Game topfjzifh taumiftxnfazmf&ef BudK;pm;jcif;                                                                                                                                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                tay: ar;cGe;rxkwfa&; ponfrsm;jzpfNyD; tjyeftvSeftm;jzifh
jzpfonf/                                                                                                          þtqifhonf toGiful;ajymif;a&;wGif ta&;tBuD;qHk;                  k f H                k f                         G f G hf S
                                                                                                                                                                                Ediia&;qdi&m yg0ifaqmif&uciEihf vIy&m;cGirsm;? rl0g'qdi&m                 f S hf               k f
                 k f H
               EdiitoD;oD;\ Liberalization ac: vGwvyfrrsm; pwif                 f     I                                 I
                                                                                                         jzpfonf/ vlrqufqa&;ESihf vlrtqiftwef;rsm;onf ESpaygif;
                                                                                                                                 H          I      h                 f                  ö                                           G f G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                udp&yfrsm;wGif yg0ifaqmif&uciwYkd ay;tyfvmonfukd jrifawGU
cGifhjyKonfh vkyfief;pOfrsm;udkMunfhvQif umvBuD; oHk;yg;&Sdonf                                           rsm;pGm jzpfwnfaecJhonfjzpf&m tajctaeopf? pepfopfwpfck                 &Edkifayonf/ t"duusaomtcsufrSm þumvwGif txufyg
[k ynm&Sifrsm;u zGifhqdkonf/ ¤if;umvBuD;oHk;yg;rSm –                                                     udk ul;ajymif;jcif;onf xdkvlrIqufqHa&;yHkoP²mefrsm;udk                                                 D f
                                                                                                                                                                                oabm wlncsursm;udk auseyfvufcEiavmufatmif oabm                       H kd f
               (u) Military Moment (wyfrawmfESifh t&yfbuftkyfcsKyf                                       ysufjym;apaomaMumifh? rwnfNidrfrIrsm;udk jzpfay:apwwfaom               xm;MuD;onfh Moderates ac: oabmxm;aysmhaysmif;ol
a&;udkcGJjcm;jcif;)                                                                                      aMumifhjzpfonf/ wyfrawmfonf EdkifiH\ EdkifiHa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;?           k f H                                          k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                Ediia&;tiftm;pkrsm;om Ediia&;vkyief;pOfrsm;wGif yg0ifaqmif      f
               (c) Political Moment (EdkifiHa&;t& yg0ifaqmif&GufcGifh                                    pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;e,fy,frsm;wGif euf½dIif;pGm ywfoufaeNyD;                      f G hf dS                 kd
                                                                                                                                                                                &Guci&vmonfqaomtcsujf zpfonf/ (Military Reassurance
yDjyifvmjcif;)                                                                                                         k f H                     S             k f
                                                                                                         jzpfaeonfh Ediirsm;wGif wyfrawmfEihf t&yfbuftycsKyfa&;udk              and Political Decompression)
               (*) Economic Moment (acwfrDzGHUNzdK;jcif;udk tm½Hkpdkuf                                                     f                           J
                                                                                                         cGjJ cm;&onfh vkyief;pOfrsm;rSm rsm;pGmeufeonf[qEiayonf/
                                                                                                                                                           k kd kd f                            Gf               kfH               f kd
                                                                                                                                                                                         wpfzufwivnf; þumvwGif EdiiawmftmPmudk csKyuif
vmEdkifjcif;) ponfwdkYjzpfonf/                                                                                               f l              f      k   S
                                                                                                         odYkaomf þtoGiu;ajymif;a&;vkyief;qdonfrm tmPm&S&if;pGJ        d                                             pmrsufESm 24 od k Y
                      POLITICS
    24
    VOICE
  The
                                                                                                                                                                                     Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




jynfolhppfrIxrf;Oya' EkdifiHawmfor®wtrdefhaMunmpmxkwfjyefcsdef tmPmwnfrnf
&efukef? rwf 12

jynf axmifpkjrefaMunmpmyg owfwSw;fonffxeYkwfufwGim;NyD;jzpfamPmwnfonfpfjzpfIxMumif; rwfmv di12Ha&ufaor®wuEkEkidifiHkadiwmfwifwGrDuD,vkdtyfoinfzmfcsdefrSom trda&SfUYaaecsKyf OD;at;armifNu;
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        I
 olYppfrxrf;tufOya'ukd acwfumv EkdifiHawmfat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifh zHGU                           xm;aMumif;? xkdjy|mef;csufyg ]EkdifiH        Oya't& ]EkdifiHawmfor®w}qkdonfh
                                                    D
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                                                                                              awmfat;csr;om,ma&;ESihf zHUG NzdK;a&;        pum;&yfjzifh tpm;xkd;NyD;jzpfaMumif;

pmrsufESm 23 rS t quf
xm;onftiftm;pkrsm;twGi;xJrS oabmxm;wif;rmolrsm;udk
         h                 f
Rule of the Game ESifh rudkufnDonfhtm;avsmfpGm csefxm;cJh
                                                                                     2011 ESpfukef Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyJGusif;y&ef cefhrSef;
onfudkvnf; awGUjrif&wwfygonf/                                                        &efukef? rwf 15
                                                                                                   f                  f    f      dk f      f
                                                                                               tkycsKyfa&;tmPmtwGi; vTwawmfu,pm;vS,rsm;a&muf&om;í jynfoYlvwawmfEihf trsK;om; vTwawmfwYdkwif
                                                                                                                                                         dS G            T f      S     d       f     G
(c) Political Moment or Moments (Ed k i f i H a &;t& yg0if                           vpfvyfoGm;aom rJqE´e,frsm;twGuf Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyJGrsm;ukd 2011 ESpfukefykdif; yGifhvif;umvjzpfaom
aqmif&GufcGifhus,fjyefYvmjcif;)                                                                                                             df         S
                                                                                     atmufwkdbmESifh Ekd0ifbmvcefYwkdYwGif usif;yoGm;Eki&ef cefYre;f xm;aMumif; jynfaxmifpk a&G;aumufyJGaumfr&SifOuú|
             Libralization ac: vGwfvyfrIrsm; pwifcGifhjyKonfh toGif
                                                                                     OD;odef;pkd;u ajymMum;onf/
ul;ajymif;a&;vkyief;pOf yxrumvjzpfonfh Military Moment
                           f                                                                   rwfv 14 &ufaeYu usif;yaom jynfolYvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;wGif ausmufrJqE´e,frS jynfolYvTwfawmf
onf tmPmvuf&Sd Power Elites rsm;twGif;ü jzpfay:onfh                                  ukd,fpm;vS,fOD;e,fvfqif(c) pkdif;aqmifqD\ ar;jref;csufukd ,if;okdY jyefvnfajzMum;jcif;jzpfonf/
toGiful;ajymif;a&;jzpf&m EdkifiHa&;t& yg0ifaqmif&GufcGifhrsm;                                              k            GJ      f      f h k f dk f hJ
                                                                                               ]]jynfaxmifpa&G;aumufyaumfr&Siu vkyoifvyxuwtvkyudk vkyoifvyxuwtcserm vkyay;r,f qkdawmh
                                                                                                                                                              f      f h k f dk f hJ d f S f
us,fus,fjyefYjyefY rjzpfay:Edkifay/                                                  'DtwGuf aus;Zl;wifygw,f/ vGwfvyfNyD; w&m;rQwwJh a&G;aumufyJGjzpfap&r,fqkdawmh ykdNyD;0rf;om rdw,f/
             yxrumv Military Moment onf ,ciftmPmcGJa0yHk                               d f H
                                                                                     Ekiia&;ygwDawGuvnf; tm;vkH;0ifa&mufta&G;cs,fcHr,f/ 2010 a&G;aumufyJGukd erlem,lNyD; rJqE´e,frxyfatmif?
pepfukd pepfopfwpfctwGi;odYk ul;ajymif;xnfoi;&jcif;jzpfí
                                    k      f              h G f                      rvyfatmif BudKwifjyifqifom;r,fq&ifawmh taumif;qk;ygyJ}} [k trsKd;om;vTwf awmftrwf a'gufwmjrwfÓPpk;u
                                                                                                                    G        dk                  H                                                d
wnfNidrfat;csrf;rItvdkYiSm t&yfbufEdkifiHa&;tiftm;pkrsm;\                            (trsKd;om;'Drkdua&pDtiftm;pkygwD-NDF) uqkdonf/
yg0ifaqmif&GufcGifh tuefYtowf&SdNyD; rsm;aomtm;jzifh vufcH                                     ,if;okdYMum;jzwfa&G;aumufyJGrsm; usif;yEkdif&ef jynfolYvTwfawmf okdYr[kwf trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|u
Edkifolrsm;udkom a&G;cs,fxnfhoGif;ae&may;onfh yHkoP²mefjzpf                          jynfolYvTwfawmfqkdif&m enf;Oya'rsm;? trsKd;om;vTwfawmfqkdif&m enf;Oya'rsm; yk'fr 86 ESifhtnD vpfvyfaom
onf/ yxrumv\ oabmw&m;ud,üuyif tvdtavsmuf          k f              k                         f        dk f      f                    d                          dk f
                                                                                     vTwawmfu,pm;vS,ae&mrsm;wGif tpm;xk;a&G;aumufwifajr§mufEi&eftwGuf jynfaxmifpk a&G;aumufyaumfr&SioYdk     GJ     f
t&SdefukefoGm;aom Self-exhausting oabm&Sd&m tcsdefwefvQif                            taMumif;Mum;rnfjzpfaMumif; rwfv 15 &ufaeYxkwfEkdifiHykdifowif;rD'D,mrsm;wGif azmfjyxm;csuft&od&onf/
‘'k w d , umvod k Y qd k u f a &muf o G m ;onf [ k qd k y gonf /
'k w d , umvjzpf o nf h Political Moment onf Ed k i f i H a &;
t&yg0ifaqmif&GufcGifhudk us,fus,fjyefYjyefY cGifhjyKcsdefjzpfí                                        I        hf      l kd f H
                                                                                       (2) ajyvnfrtoD;tyGiukd yg0ifoEiia&;tiftm;pkrsm;                   udk trsK;om;&nfre;csutjzpf wpfrsK;om;vH; oabmwlncsuf
                                                                                                                                                                    d          S f f               d      k           D
vGwfvyfí rQwaom a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufyGJ&v'frsm;rSwpfqifh                          jynfolrsm;tcsKd;us pwifcHpm;&jcif;/                                                          D kd f H
                                                                                                                                                         rsm;&&SNd yD; acwfrEiiwnfaqmufa&;udk pwifonfh tqifjh zpf
               S f              f
awmfvea&;r[kwaom enf;vrf;udk ,HMk unfvufcol Ediia&;               H k f H              (3) rl0g'qdkif&mudpörsm; tqHk;tjzwfjyK&mwGif jyifyrS              onf/
tiftm;pktm;vHk; EdkifiHa&;wGif yg0ifaqmif&GufcGifh&SdaMumif;                                            kd f H                  G hf dS
                                                                                0ifa&mufvmol vlopfEiia&;tiftm;pk rsm;yg0ifci&vmonfh                              Liberalization \yxrumvwGif yg0ifaqmif&GufcGifh
trsm;pk v uf c H o abmayguf v monf h tqif h j zpfonf[k                          wdkif tuefYtowf&Sdaeao;jcif; ponfwdkYudk jrifawGU&avh&Sdyg               &onfh EdkifiHa&;tiftm;pkrsm;onf y#dyu©xJrS arG;zGm;vmaom
qdkEdkifayonf/ odkYwdkifatmif xdkodkYaom EdkifiHa&;t& yg0if                     onf/                                                                                                  f       kd f
                                                                                                                                                         tiftm;pkrsm;jzpfí pGr;aqmif&nfyi;wGif tuefYtowf&onfukd  dS
aqmif&GufcGifhwGif awmfvSefa&;enf;vrf;udkom ,HkMunf                                    þ'kwd,umvonf t&yfbufvlYtzGJUtpnf;twGif;ü                            k f H kd f
                                                                                                                                                         Ediiwi;wGifjrifawGUEdkifygonf/ xdkEdkifiHa&;tiftm;pkrsm;onf
olrsm;udkuGufí z,fxkwfxm;onfudk jrifawGU&OD;rnfjzpfay                           vnf; ta&miftaoG;pHkvifonfh EdkifiHa&;r[kwfonfh toif;                     EdkifiHa&;oufoufudk tm½Hkpdkufolrsm;jzpfavh&SdNyD; vlwef;pm;
onf/ þtqifhudk EdkifiHa&;odyÜHynm&Sifrsm;u Liberalized                          tzGJUrsm;? tiftm;pkrsm;pwifay:xGufvmNyD; rl0g'qdkif&m                      k             d
                                                                                                                                                         yHoP²mefrsK;pHk a&maxG;yg0ifaewwfayonf/ 'kw,umvonf d
Authoritarianism (vGwfvyfaomtmPmydkifpepf) [k ac:a0:Mu                          tqHk;tjzwfjyKonfh vkyfief;pOfrsm;tay:wGif vTrf;rdk;vmEdkif               y#dyu©rS arG;zGm;vmaomEdkifiHa&;tiftm;pkrsm;xHrS EdkifiHa&;
ygonf/                                                                                             dS             d                     f kd f G
                                                                                onfukd awGU&avh&ygonf/ rdrwYkd oef&moef&m pkzUJG vkyuicihf               tiftm;pktopfrsm;qDoYkd ul;ajymif;aomumvjzpfwwfonfukd
             rnfodkYyifjzpfap EdkifiHa&;tiftm;pkrsm;xJrSm oabmxm;               xif&Sm;vmonfh oabmvnf;jzpfayonf/                                         awGU&onf/
       h                                        f
aysmaysmif;ol tiftm;pkrsm; vGwvyfí w&m;rQwaom a&G;aumuf                                                                                                                                          kfH
                                                                                                                                                                 wwd,umvBuD;onfum; Edii\e,fy,ftoD;oD;? ynm
                                                                                (*) Economic Moment (pD ; yG m ;a&;zG H U Nzd K ;wd k ; wuf r I u d k
   J                     k f H           f            f
yGrsm;rSwpfqifh Ediia&;vkyief;pOfrsm;twGi;odYk us,fus,fjyefY                                                                                             &yfe,fy,ftoD;oD;? pD;yGm;e,fy,ftoD;oD;? vlwef;pm;tvTm
                                                                                a&S ; ½I o nf h t qif h )
jyefYa&muf&SdoGm;NyD; tpktzGJUBuD;jzifh qHk;jzwfonfh EdkifiHa&;pepf                                                                                      toD;oD;wGif ta&;ygaomacgif;aqmifrsm;? t&nftcsif;jynfh0
wpfck (Grand Coaliation) udk 'kwd,umvwGif jrifawGU&zG,f                                                     S            k f                    k f H
                                                                                             wyfrawmfEihf t&ufbuftycsKyfa&;udk cGjJ cm;jcif;? Ediia&;    olrsm;? &nfrSef;csufBuD;olrsm; wpfpwpfp ay:aygufvmaom
  d                               h G k f H
&Sygonf/ þtqifwif Ediia&;ygwDrsm;pkzUJG yg0ifvmMujcif;udk                       tiftm;pkrsm; EdkifiHa&;vkyfief;pOfrsm;wGif us,fus,fjyefYjyefY            tcsdeftcgjzpfygonf/ xdktajymif;tvJrsm;ESifhtwl EdkifiHwGif
]Cartel of Party Elites} [k EdkifiHa&;odyÜHwGif oHk;EIef;NyD; Cartel            cG i f h j yKvmjcif ; rsm;ud k Liberalization \ yxrumvES i f h           pD;yGm;a&;toif;tzGJUrsKd;pHk? ynm&yfqdkif&mtoif;tzGJUrsKd;pHk?
          kd
[kqaomaMumifh oabmxm;wif;rmolrsm;udk csexm;cJonf[k            f        h        'kwd,umvrsm;wGif jrifawGU&NyD;aemuf wwd,qdkufa&muf&                      Tradeunion uJhodkY vlwef;pm;toif;tzGJUrsKd;pHk? ynm&Siftoif;
     k kd                      kd
qdvayonf/ rnfoYyifjzpfap þtqifh 'kw,umvonf t&yfbuf  d                           rnfhumvBuD;rSm Economic Moment jzpfygonf/                                tzGJUrsKd;pHk? 0goemtoif;tzGJUrsKd;pHkvnf; ay:aygufNyD; EdkifiHa&;
EdkifiHa&;tiftm;pkrsm; EdkifiHa&;pepfodkY yDyDjyifjyifa&muf&Sdrnfh                             k f H                                         f
                                                                                             Edii\pD;yGm;a&;udk tiftm;pkwpf&yfwnf;u xde;ausmif;          e,fy,ftwGif;odkY EdkifiHwnfaqmufa&; uRrf;usifESHYpyfonfh
tqifhjzpf&m EdkifiHa&;tay;t,ltrsKd;rsKd;udkvnf; jrifawGU&Edkif                             h            k f                             k
                                                                                vmcJonfh a&SUydi;umvrsm;wGif pD;yGm;a&;yHoP²mefrm A[dO;pD; S       k D   rsKd;qufopfrsm; pwifa&muf&SdNyD; rsKd;qufajymif;oGm;csdef[k
ayonf/ EdkifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;? vlrsKd;pkrsm;ta&;                       jzpfaewwfNyD; Liberalization \ yxrESifh 'kwd,umvonf                      qdkEdkifayonf/
(wkdif;&if;om;ta&;) ponfh y#dyu©rsm;udkvnf; EdkifiHa&;t&                        topfyg0ifvmonfh tiftm;pkrsm;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;wGif ]wGef;jcif;?                    jrefrmEdkifiHonf 2020 a&G;aumufyGJtNyD;wGif atmuf
                          k f                h
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                                                                                                                              MANDALAY                                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The
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    26
    VOICE
  The

                        REGIONAL                                                                                                                                                        Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011



        FISHERY




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    28

                                                                                                                        '
  The
     VOICE



 Vol.7 / No.15
                                NET N TECH                                                                      VOICE
                                                                                                              The
                                                                                                                                                                                            Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




                                                                                                                                                                                                         March 21 - 27 , 2011




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                                                                                                                      PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                     VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The
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   30
       30 THE VOICE WEEKLY                                                                                                                                                                 Vol.7 / No.15 - March 21 - 27 , 2011

   VOICE
 The
                                                                                                                                                                                               Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




               INTERVIEW
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                                                                                                                                                           CARTOON OF THE WEEK
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 Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                        INTERVIEW                                                                                                               VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       31



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   32
 The
    VOICE               INTERVIEW                                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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Voice               : 'Dvkyfief;vkyfzdkY                  vlwdkif;BudKufMuygw,f/ t"duu                                aewmuae e,fy,ftpHk? Customer
b,f v d k Idea &cJ h w mvJ / b,f                                                 f
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DSMN : tpfrtrsKd;om;a'guf                                 awmif qdkifay:rSm&SdwJhypönf;udkyJ&                         av;awGyg vkyfay;zdkYjyifqifae&yg
wmaZmfEdkifeJY oli,fcsif;tar&du                           r,f/ pdwfBudKufa&G;vdkYr&EdkifwmwdkY                        NyD/ NyD;cJhwJh vawGwkef;u ypönf;rSm
rSmaewJh a'gufwmrsKd;0if;wdkYESpf                         &Sdw,fav/ Online uae a&G;&if                                xm;wma&muf&if tar&duuae
a,mufu tcsif;csif;vdkcsifwJhypönf;                        awmh ypönf;eJYoufqdkifwJh tao;                              ypönf;a&mufvmwJhtwdkif;yJ Cus-
awGrSmjzpfae&if;uae tvkyfwpfck                            pdwfudkMunfhvdkY&wJhtjyif xkwfvkyf                          tomer awGu vm,loGm;w,f/ qdkif
taeeJYvkyfzdkY Idea &cJhwmyg/ qdkifu                      xm;wJh ta&miftaoG;? t&G,ftpm;                               rSm Logo eJYtdwfawG bmawGawmif
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awmh vG e f c J h w J h a v;ES p f a vmuf                 &Edkifw,f/ NyD;awmh Yangon Online                           tomer wpfa,mufuajymvdYk (Yangon
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oHk;ESpfcGJavmuf EdkifiHjcm;rSm ausmif;                   wmu Customer awGrSmwJhypönf;u                               Online Store Logo eJY tdwfav;awG
oGm;wufvdkufwma&m tvkyf0ifae                              'DZdkif;topfrdkYvdkY aps;BuD;wJhtcsdefrSm                   yg vkyfxm;ygw,f/ 'grS Customer
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urSpNyD; qdkifrSm jyefvmxdkifjzpfwm                       r[kwfbl;/ aps;EIef;usoGm;&ifvnf;                            tar&duuae wul;wurSmxm;
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udkd,fudk,fwdkifvnf; t&ifuwnf;                            ta&muf0efaqmifrIwefzdk;wGufay;                              DSMN : Online eJYywfoufvdkY                             wpfcgxufwpfcg ydkaumif;atmif                       tvm;tvm&Sdaeygw,f/ 'gayrJh
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vifhxm;wmrsKd;r&Sdygbl;/ twdkif;                          vice ay;aewmrsKd;av/ tck ig;v                               ygbl;/ Online Business awGtwGuf                         ypönf;u &? r& odyfraocsm&if                        wu,f vdkY EdkifiHjcm;aiG oHk;vdkY&wJh
twmwpfcktxdawmh atmifjrifr,f                              0ef;usifavmufa&mufvmwJhtcgrSm                               tvm;tvmaumif;ygw,f/                                     Yangon Online Store taeeJY prSmu                   Online Bank Account awG trsm;BuD;
vdkYajymvdkY&ygw,f/ Customer awG                          xifwmxufydkygw,f/ tEkynm                                    Voice          : vk y f i ef ; wl a wG a y:             wnf;u BudKajymxm;ygw,f/ r&                         jzpfvm&ifawmifrS [dbufrm ypön; k         S         f
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  tvkyftudkif                    - Director (Yangon Online Store)                                                     0,fwJh tawGUtBuHKrsm;rsm; r&Sd&if                       Voice         : vwf w avm tajc                     aqmif&Gufay;aeoa&GUawmh a&&Snf
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                                   bGUJ vGe'yvdrm (Informatics Global, Singapore)                                     Yangon Online Store taeeJY olrsm;                       aMumifh tarZkefuae wdkuf½dkuf                                                   ausmf a usmf r if ;
  Vol.7 / No.15 - March 21 - 27 , 2011                                                                                                                                          THE VOICE WEEKLY 33
                                                                                                                                                                                                  33




                                                                                 TIPS
 Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The




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   34
 The
    VOICE               TIPS                                                                                                                                                                                 Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                   TIPS                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                            The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   35



     SELF- HELP



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     The Rules of Life                                                                                                                                      of Life
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     Don't Live in the future
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     Richard Templar
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          We can't project all our future happiness into the future -'Oh, if only I were richer/younger / healthier/ more in love/less in this relationship / had a better job/ had nicer children/ had
    a better car / were slimmer / taller / fitter / had more hair/ better teeth / more clothes' the list is endless. If only this or that was changed, everything would be perfect, wouldn't it?
    Unfortunately not - it just doesn't work like that. When this and that gets changed, there will always be something else, waiting its turn and putting off that happiness until some later date.
    If you were to suddently find that you were slimmer/ fitter or whatever, then you'd probably find yourself wanting to be richer or that your partner was more loving . You'd find other
    things to wish for to make you happy.
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vnf; tpkd;&bwf*suftajctaeay:rlwnfum wkd;csJUwnf                                                     hS               hS     h
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wpfenf;tm;jzifh Disguised Unemployment Labours rsm;ukd                          dk
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 36 THE VOICE WEEKLY                                                                                                                                                                  Vol.7 / No.15 - March 21 - 27 , 2011
   36




                                        HEALTH
   VOICE
 The
                                                                                                                                                                                              Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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  Vol.7 / No.15 - March 21 - 27 , 2011                                                                                                                                            THE VOICE WEEKLY 37
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            37




FOREIGN AFFAIRS
  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The




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     VOICE            FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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                   FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                              Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                    FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         The

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     42
      VOICE                 FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                               FOREIGN AFFAIRS         43
                                                   VOICE
                                                 The
  44
  VOICE
The
          Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
 Vol.7 / No.15 - March 21 - 27 , 2011                                                                                                                            THE VOICE WEEKLY 45
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                45




                                                      SPORT
 Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The




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zdaygufucNhJ y;D aygufurEihf "mwfa&mif Dr.TH : ESpfrsKd;&Sdw,f/ Radioactive
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xkd aygufuGJrIaMumifh vlOD;a&q,f xGufoGm;wmeJU Radioactive Atom                          Gamma "mwfa&mifjcnfuawmh "mwf                     S
                                                                                                                                     awGrm ta&jym;temBuD;awG? uifqm                     yJ½kduf&r,fqkdwm&Sd w,f/ a&m*gu
*Pef;ausmf csufcsif;aoqkH;cJhNyD; awGuaexGufwJh"mwfa&mifjcnfawG                          rSef&kdufwJh X-Ray eJUoabmwlwlyJ/                                              f
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&mcsD "mwfa&mifjcnfoifhcJhum tcsKdU jyefUoGm;wm/ xGuNf yD;om;"mwfa&mif                   oluawmh wm;zkUd cufw,f/ wm;r,f              ADZ ysufpD;ajymif;vJapEkdifw,f/                    qkdNyD&ifawmh rvTGJomawmhbl;av/
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                                                                                         umtuÐsudk 0wfxm;&rvkrsKd;yJ/ tJ'D           ayguf u G J r I u ouf a &muf r I & S d E k d i f          Mass Peafowl News? MHA
     46
     VOICE
   The

                          SPORT                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011



English Premier League Prediction Match(30)                                                                                                                                                            Soccer Weekly Fixtures
                                      lS                .
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                        12.3.2011 (paeaeY)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      y&D;rD;,m;vd*fyJGpOf (30)
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                                       k l                                                  k f                       kd f G f                                                              Ek&ifbwfESifh 0g'gb&Drif  I                     n 9;00 em&D                                                 TV
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oGm;avh&Sdaom bvufyl;twGuf &v'faumif;r&SdEdkif/ tdrf&SifEdkifrnf/                                                                                                                                                      pydefvmvD*gyGJpOf (29)
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                                                                               0D * ef E S i f h bmrif * rf (y-ausmh bmrif * rf 0;0 0D * ef ) -                                             [musL;vufpfESifh tkdqmqlem                      n 10;30 em&D
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                                                                               qdk;&Gm;qJbmrif*rftwGuf r½IH;a&;OD;pm;ay;upm; &zG,f&Sdae                                                     'DykdYwDAkdESifh vDAefaw;                       n 10;30 em&D                                                TV
                                                                               onf/ 0D*efupm;orm;rsm; EkdifvdkaZmBuD;aeEkdifí bmrif*rftae                                                                             21.3.2011 (wevFmaeY)
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                                     47
Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                 VOICE
                               The
  48
  VOICE
The
          Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011
                                                                                                                              BUSINESS                                                                                 VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The
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   The
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       VOICE                   SOCIETY                                                                                                                                                                                 Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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 MARKET
                      SUPPLEMENT                                                                                                                                                                          Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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  Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011


EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW
                                                                                                                            SUPPLEMENT                                                                                                                                                  The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               III
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               55
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    56
    IV
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  The


                      ENVIRONMENT                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, March 21 - 27 , 2011




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rvdk vli,f NGO tzGJUrsm;pGm wuf<upGmyg0ifvmonfudk awGUvm&onf/ ,if;uJhodkY jrefrmEdkifiH\ ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif wpfwyfwpftm; yg0ifaqmif&Gufaeaom
]wmuayg} obm0ywf0ef;usif xdef;odrf;a&;tzGJUrS tzGJUacgif;aqmifxm;0,fa'ocH a':tJvdpbwfESifh jynfaxmifpkwdkif;&if;om;aus;&Gm&Sd vrkawmO,smOfwGif ,ckv 8 &ufESifh 9
&ufaeYu jyKvkyfonfh'Da&awmo,HZmwrsm; xdef;odrf;a&;qdkif&m ynmay;tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJü awGUqHkpOfar;jref;xm;onfrsm;udk aumufEkwfazmfjyvdkufygonf/
Voice               : 'D Workshop udk wuf                                                                                        k f                        f
                                                      tusKd;qufu udk,feJYb,favmuf vlawGuvnf; vduemNyD;odr?S xde; tqifajyrSmr[kwfbl;qdkNyD;ajymvm ity av;wufzdkYtwGuf 'D Workshop
jzpfwtaMumif;av; t&ifajymay;yg/ txd ywfoufrI qufET,frIawG&SdvJ odrf;ay;rS tqifajyr,f/ tpuae w,f/ 'gayrJh uRefruawmh rvkyf ud k vmwuf j zpf w myg/ bmawG
          hJ
ALZB                : 'D Workshop vk y f w J h        qdkwmawGudk pdwf0ifpm;w,f? avh tck x uf x d yvwf p wpf t rd I u f wmxufpm&ifvyr,f? ajymjyr,fqkd &rvJq&&if 'D Managrove ayghaemf/k f                                     kd
Spectrum Confirm eJYwufjzpfwmyg/                      vmjzpfw,fqdkygawmh/                       aumufNyD;ypfzdkY&m wu,fwrf;awmh &ifawmh aumif;wmayghvdkYqdkNyD; jyef b,favmuftxd oufa&mufr&v/                                                            I dS J
uRefrtaeeJY obm0ywf0ef;usif Voice                                    : armif ; ruef u rf ; ajc  ypfr,fhae&mr&Sdbl;/ tJ'Dawmh armif; acsyjzpfcJhw,f/ uRefrwdkY trdIuf olU&JUtaMumif;awGayghaemf/ tusKd;
         f f             k k f
xde;odr;a&;udvyaeayr,fh tJ'geJY rS m trd I u f & S i f ; vif ; MuwJ h t cg ruef&JU[dkta0;BuD;? tpGef;em;av; aumufwmajymcJhovdk t&G,fpHkyJ/ aus;Zl;awG b,fvdk&SdrvJqdkwmudk
                                                                                                                 d f
oufqdkifwJhoifwef;awGrwufzl;yg a'ocHawG ua&m pdwfygvufygeJY rSm rD;½IUd vku&w,f/ rD;½dUI w,fqwm ausmif;om;t&G,f ukd;ESpf 10 ESpfu arQmfvifhw,faygh/kd
bl;/ 'gaMumifh obm0ywf0ef;usif wu,fyg0if Mu&JUvm;/                                              awmh wu,fwrf;usraumif;bl; ae ukd;wef;txdtqifajyw,f/ 10 Voice                                                                       : 'Du&wJhtodukd b,f
oif w ef ; &S d r ,f q d k & if wuf E d k i f z d k Y ALZB : ygMuygw,f/ yxrqH; av/ 'gayrJh 'DvdkyJvkyfvdkuf&w,f/ wef;atmifawGvnf;ygw,f/ t&rf; vdkjyeftoHk;csrvJ/
                                                                                              k
taMumif;Mum;ay;ygvdkYqdkvdkY tJ'Du uRef r &J U Dream ud k a jymjyw,f / 'D 2011 upNyD; ajrBuD;wl;NyD; ypfEdkif udk olwdkYudk,folwdkY xdef;odrf;wwf ALZB : trsm;BuD ; vk y f z d k Y &S d
oli,fcsi;wpfa,muf&UJ today;rIeYJ vlBuD;awGu ajym&tNrJcufw,f/ zk d Y pnf y if e J Y wk d i f y if x m;w,f / w,f/ uRefrwdkYavhvmMunfhwmaygh w,f/ uRefrwdkYa'orSm ykpGefawG?
                f
wufjzpfwmyg/                                          tJ'Dawmh uRefraewJhabmf'gausmif; uRefrwdkYwpfzGJUxJeJY uruxvkyfzdkY aemf/ 'gayrJh wuúodkvfwufwJh uPef;awGawmfawmfjyKef;ukeNf yD/ NyD;
Voice               : tzG J U taeeJ Y b,f v d k       u uav;awGeJYuRefr Group av; tqifrajybl;/ aemufNyD; uRefrwdkY uav;awGayghaemf/ b,fvajym&rvJ awmh rD;aoG;vnf;zkwMf uw,f/ tJ'D                    kd
ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;vIyf&Sm;rI awGvkyfNyD; aqG;aEG;w,f/ NyD;awmh u xm;0,fNrKd UrSmaew,f/ armif;ruef armfarmf<um;<um;vdkjzpfaew,f/ awmh 'Da&awmeJY ywfoufNyD; uRefr
awG aqmif&GufygovJ/                                   Feed Back jyefvkyfay;w,f/ tJvdk                       f kd f
                                                                                                eJYqkd &Spriavmufa0;w,f/ tNrJwrf; olwYkdtwGuuav 'g[mta&;rBuD; wdkYb,fvdkxdef;odrf;rvJ/ pOf;pm;rI
                                                                                                                                                                                 f
ALZB                : uRefrtaeeJY avhvm                                                                  d f kH d kd f                     f l            D
                                                      rsKd;vkyfwJhtcgusawmh olwdkYt&rf; wpfcsev;&SEiwmr[kwb;/ tJ'u bl;/ ajym&ifvnf; rqef;bl;aygh awG? tJ'gawGudkjyefNyD; ajymjycsif
wm oif , l w mawG v d k t yf y gao; pdwf0ifpm;Muw,f/ trsm;tm;jzifh vlawGuvnf; t&ifO;qH;odzYdk? xde; aemf/ tJvdkrsKd;awmh&Sdw,f/        D k                   f                                                       w,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkYyg/
w,f/ tJ'Du@[m tus,fBuD;yg/ xm;0,frSmusawmh yvwfpwpf[m odr;ay;zdYkvygw,f/ tJ'D urf;ajcrSm Voice      f                  kd                                                      : xm;0,frSmvkyfwJh                    Voice         : tzGJUemrnfav;udk &Sif;
'geJYywfoufNyD; uRefrtaeeJY wwf raumif;bl;/ raumif;wmawmhod tqdk;qHk;u uGrf;,mxkyfwJh yvwf tvk y f u trd I u f a umuf w maygh jyay;yg/ vli,fwpfa,muftaeeJY
Ed k i f w J h b uf u &S d w J h tod a v;eJ Y w,f/ 'gayrJh olwdkYawGu yvwf pwpfawGu tqdk;qHk;yJ/                                                                  aemf/ tck 'D Workshop eJ Y b,f tckvdkrsKd;obm0ywf0ef;usif xdef;
armif ; ruef u rf ; ajcrS m trd I u f p pwpf&JUqdk;usKd;b,favmuf&Sdw,f Voice                                          : yvwfpwpfeJYywf                            vd k y wf o wf w ,f v d k Y x if v J / bm odrf;wJhtvkyfawGrSm vkyfw,fqdk
aumufjzpfwmyg/ 2005 ckESpfxJu qdkwmrodMubl;/ 'gawG[m uRefr oufNyD; a'ocHawGudk todynm aMumifhvmwuf&wmvJ/ 'Duae awmh bmrsm;ajymcsifygao;vJ/
pvkyfjzpfw,f/ ara';aeYrSmaygh/ wdkY vkyfcsifwJhobm0ywf0ef;usif ay;wJhtcg BuHKawGU&wJhtcuftcJ bmawG&r,fvdkYxifvJ/                                                                                                     ALZB          : ]wmuayg} qd k w m
wpfESpfwpfBudrfyg/                                    oefY&Sif;zkdYqdkwJh tcGifhta&;wpfckyJ av;awGajymjyay;yg/ vli,fawG ALZB : yxrajymcJhovdkyJ vkyf uRerwdYk tzGUJ &JUtrnfyg/ u&ifvrsK;                                   f                                 l d
Voice               : obm0ywf 0 ef ; usif                                             k
                                                      qdNk yD; olwYkd av;awGukd pnf;½H;pkpnf; taeeJ Y yvwf p wpf q d k ; usKd ; ud k aewmu yvwfpwpftrdIufaumuf BuD;yJr[kwfbl;/ wdkif;&if;om;aygif;
xd e f ; od r f ; a&;vk y f i ef ; awG x J u rS cJhw,f/ wu,fudk pdwfygvufygyJ/ em;vnfw,fvdkY xifNyDvm;/                                                                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                                  wmayghaemf/ obm0ywf0ef;usifeJY pHygw,f/ obm0ywf0ef;usifeYJ ywf
bmaMumif h t rd I u f & S i f ; vif ; wmud k Voice                   : tzGJU0iftiftm;eJY        ALZB                  : tcuf t cJ u awmh & S d                    ywfoufwJhtaMumif;t&mawGudk oufvYkdajym&&if xde;odr;yg/ jyKjyif               f f
OD;pm;ay;vkyfjzpfwmvJ/                                wpfcg&Sif;&if trdIufb,favmuf w,f / uRef r wd k Y u xm;0,f r S m pdw0ifpm;w,fvYkdq&r,f/ aemufNyD; yg? cspfyg tJ'gav;ygyJ/ bmvdkYvJ
                                                                                                                                                                         f                  kd
ALZB                : trdIufaumufw,fqdk               &ygovJ/                                   Mellinnium Centre Libery qdkNyD;&Sd                               uRefrwdYk ae&mrSmvnf; 'Da&awmawG qdkawmh tJ'Dobm0ywf0ef;usif
wmu yvwfpwpftrdIufav/ tJ'D ALZB : t&G,fpHk vlpHkygw,f/ w,f/ tJ'DrSm&SdwJh tBuD;tuJudk,f &Sdw,f/ 'ghaMumifh 'D Mangrove aumif ; &S d r S uRef r wd k Y vl o m;awG
yvwfpwpfu t&rf;qdk;w,f/ tJ'D atmufxpf 10 wef;atmifawGaygh/ wdkifu eifb,favmufyJvkyfvkyf taMumif;udk ydkodvmzdkY? uRefrwdkY touf&SifEdkifw,fav/
trdIufawGeJY Beach u MunfhvdkYrvS wpfcgaumuf&if tzGJU0if 70 ausmf vlawGu zsufqD;ypfwmrsm;w,f/ a'orSm jyefajymvdkY&atmif Capac-                                                                                                rif;rsKd;? atmifatmifxGef;
bl;/ Munfhawmh ajymufaomufBuD;? ygw,f/ a>ra&cGHtdwftBuD;eJY 18
taetxm;u t&rf;udkraumif; tdwf 17 tdwf&w,f/
bl;/ uRefrwdkYpdwfxJrSm vkyfvdkuf&if Voice
aumif;r,fayghaemf/ wpfOD;xJ wpf wm&Sdw,fav/ olwdkYeJYa&m b,f
                                                                     : urf ; ajcaumf r wD q d k
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a,mufxawmhrjzpfEib;/ 'gaMumifh vdk&SdvJ/ tJ'DtrdIufawGudk b,fvdk
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yvwfpwpftaMumif; b,fvjkd yKvkyf rsKd;&Sif;vJ/
xm;w,f/ b,favmuftxdq;usKd; ALZB : uRefrwdkY trdIufoGm;
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awGay;w,fqdkwmawGudk ajymjy aumufwJhtcgrSm pnfyifwdkY? opf
w,f/ aemufyvwfpwpfukd oH;vduf awmwdkYygw,f/ 'gayrJh uRefrwdkY
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jcif;tm;jzifh a&owå0gawG? ukef xm;0,f[m tJ'avmuftxd tcuf                  D                                                        d f                                       G                   d
                                                                                                                   rEÅav;wki;a'oBuD; rEÅav;NrKUd e,fwif "mwkaq;ESifh yk;owfaq;uif;pifonfh Simplycity Organic Shop
owå0gawG wpf&ufwpf&uf b,f tcJr&Sb;vdYk ,HMk unfxm;w,f/ bm      d l                                    pm;aomufqiudk pD;yGm;a&;vkyief;&SiwpfO;ESifh obm0enf;pepftwki; atmf*epfo;ESH pkuysK;a&; NcHvyuiorsm;
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avmufjyKef;ukevqwmawGukd tod vdkYvJqdkawmh tckwufvmwJholawG
                          f J kd                                                                      yl;aygif;um rwfvaemufqkH;ywftwGif; zGifhvSpfrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;odkYyl;aygif;rnfh HM Bakery rkefYrsKd;pkH
ay;w,f/ txl;ojzifh vli,fawGyg u uRefrwdkYeJY ausmif;aezufawGyJ/                                       vkyfief;&Sif OD;pkdif;ausmfu azazmf0g&DvtwGif;ajymMum;onf/
vmw,f/                                                eD;pyf&mud,a'oud,f arG;zGm;&mqdk
                                                                   k hf        k                                   azmfazmf0g&Dv 15&ufrS 19 &ufaeYtxd usif;yaom jyifOD;vGifNrKdUe,f nHawma&Tjrifwifbk&m;yGJü
Voice               : nD r taeeJ Y yvwf               awmh tcuftcJr&Sdbl;/ xm;0,fNrdKU                obm0ywf0ef;usifESihf tpm;tpmqkdif&m todynmay;ESihf ta&mif;jycef;wGif ajymMum;jcif;onf/
pwpf&JUqdk;usKd;taMumif; b,fvdk ay:rSmaeNyD;awmh taumif;qHk;arQmf                                                  "mwfajrMoZmESihf ykd;owfaq;rsm; tokH;jyKrIaMumifh jzpfay:vmEkdifonfh usef;rma&;qkd;usKd;rsm;ukd od&Sd
                                                      vifxm;wJh t&mwpfcqawmh ajymjy
                                                            h                    k kd                 vmNyD;aemuf tqkdyg"mwkaq;rsm;uif;pifonfhtoD;tESHrsm;ukd pm;okH;Eki&ef &nf&,í tjrwftpGe;twGuf            d f            G f                  f
avhvmjzpfovJ/                                                                                         OD;wnfrxm;bJ zGifhvSpf&ef pDpOfjcif;jzpfaMumif;? ukefMurf;rsm;jzpfaom atmf*JepfoD;ESHrsm;ukd jyifOD;vGifNrKdUe,f
ALZB                : yvwfpwpf&JUqdk;usKd;            w,f? wdkifyifw,f? ESD;aESmw,f/                                f                                                f
                                                                                                      twGi; atmf*Jepf"mwfajrMoZmjyKvkyenf;? tokH;jyKenf;rsm; jzefYa0ay;NyD; ¤if;ESihf yl;aygif;aompkdufysKd;NcHrsm;
udk odwmxufavhvmjzpfw,fvdkY 'gayrJh olwdkYuvufrcHbl;qdk&if                                                                l              dk f dk f
                                                                                                      wGif vDq"r®wuúovpucif;xHrS t"duxm;um tok;jyKrnfjzpfonftjyif tjcm;aom "mwkaq;rok;onfhH                 h                                         H
ajym&rSmyJ/ uRefrtaeeJY obm0 enf;enf;awmh aemufqkwf&rSmaygh/                                                       J dk f                        S                      l H
                                                                                                      atmf*epfpuysKd;olrsm;xHrvnf; 0,f,tok;jyKrnfjzpfaMumif;? tqkygqkiudk rEÅav;NrKdUe,f 35vrf;? 90ESifh   d df
ywf0ef;usifeYJ ywfoufwhJ taMumif; &Sif;NyD;wJhtrdIufawGeJY ywfoufvdkY                                 91 vrf;axmihf csrf;at;ompHNrKdUe,fwGif zGifhvSpfrnfjzpfNyD; xrif;? [if;tygt0if atmf*Jepf tpm;tpm
t&mawGudk pdwf0ifpm;w,f/ tJ'DrSm uawmh 'DESpfupNyD; pnfyifeJY Ad-                                                                                     h        J                   d H dk
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                             d
vnf; trsm;BuD;&Sw,fayghaemf/ 'Dvkd vocate vkyfw,f/ uRefrwdkYwpfzGJU                                                                                                                                d
                                                                                                                   tqkdyg"mwkaq;uif;pifonfh atmf*JepfqkdiftwGuf vktyfaom oD;ESrsm;ukd xkwvyay;Eki&eftwGuf          H                f k f d f
rsKd;vkyf&if b,fvdkjzpfw,f? tJ'Du wnf;eJY vkyvYkd tqifrajybl;/ b,f     f                              atmf*JepfpkdufysKd;ol okH;OD;u wm0ef,lxm;NyD; wpfOD;ESihfwpfOD; rwlnDaom oD;ESHrsm;ukd pkdufysKd;rnfjzpfaMumif;?
ae b,ftxdjzpfw,f/ tJ'DvdkrsKd; avmuf y J v k y f v k y f a'orS m &S d w J h                             d f d
                                                                                                      pkuysK;olrsm;taejzihf "mwkaq;uif;pif&eftwGuf wm0ef,?l tmrcH&ef vktyfonfjzpf&m ,if;uJoYdk "mwkaq;         d                            h
                                                                                                      uif;pif&eftwGuf xkwfvkyfolrsm;\ cHpm;csuf? vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;ay:wGif rlwnfonfjzpfNyD; aiGaMu;
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  trnf                               - tJvdpbwf                                                       tkyfcsKyfolwpfOD;jzpfol OD;yDwmu ajymMum;onf/
  arG;ouú&mZf                        - 3-3-1988                                                                    ]]atmf*Jepf &mEIef;jynfhawmhrjzpfEkdifbl;/ wu,fvkyfaewJh tar&du? NAdwdefwkdYrSmawmif 97 &mckdifEIef;
  rdbtrnf                            - OD;vSrdk;pH - a':aemfcsKdcsKd                                  &Sdw,f/ jyifOD;vGifrSm atmf*JepfqkdifvkdY emrnfwyfxm;NyD; aps;uae0,f? NyD;awmh EkdifiHjcm;om;awGudk a&mif;ae
  tvkyftudkif                        - xm;0,f N rd K U Mellinnium Centre Libery                       wmawGvnf; awGUae&w,f}}[k jyifOD;vGifNrKdUe,f &yfuGufBuD; 1 wGif aexkdifaom atmf*Jepfenf;pepfjzihf
                                        apwemh0efxrf;? ]wmuayg} tzGJUacgif;aqmif                      pkdufysKd;a&;vkyfukdifol touf 40 ausmft&G,f trsKd;om;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/

				
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posted:3/19/2011
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