reduced, or the young trees can be protected, there will beagreatervariety and quantity of plantshere inthefuture. Lookatthehuge WhitePineandHemlocktrees- Do Forest Visitors may encounter a variety of dangerous conditions. It is your responsibility to inform yourself about these inherent risks and Hearts Content White-tailed Deer you see any young pine trees more than a few feet tall? Why not? It's because new pine trees need lots of precautions. VOLUNTEERS-if you, afriend, or your club are interested in Scenic Area sunlight to get started. Since this is a very shady forest, volunteeringto helpmaintainthis Interpretive Trail most of the young trees are trail area, please contact the Hemlock and Beech-the Bradford Ranger District. kind that can get started in CUSTOMER SERVICE -for more information on this the shadow of the big trees. and other forest opportunities, please contact: But Hemlock seedlings are also scarce because Hem- Allegheny National Forest Bradford Ranger District lock buds and leaves are 222 Liberty Street 29 US Forest Service Dr. important food for deer. Warren, PA 16365 Bradford, PA 16701 814-723-5150 814-362-4613 If you want to find a little pine tree, look for places where 814-726-2710 TTY 814-368-8116 TTY sunlight reaches the forest floor. Some of these seed- 814-726-1465 Fax 814-362-2761 Fax lings may survive and grow into huge pine trees. www.fs.fed.us/r9/allegheny AUDIOTAPE-You may checkout an audio tapeabout Northern Alleghenies Vacation Region the Hearts Content Scenic Area 315 2nd Avenue P.O. Box 804 Warren, PA 16365 from the Hearts Content Camp- 814-726-1222 800-624-7802 ground host, or at any Allegheny www.northernalleghenies.com National Forest office. REGULATIONS - All dogs must This brochure can be obtained in be on leashes when using the trail. Forest trails policy prohibits large print at the Allegheny the use of saddle, pack, or draft National Forest, PO. Box 847, animals on hiking trails. Please practice the Leave NoTrace! land Warren, PA 16365,814-723-51 50. ethic. If you pack it in, pack it out. ENJOY THE TRAIL! SAFETY - Please be aware of falling trees and limbs and dead and down trees along Please recycle or reuse your brochure. Enjoy your visit! the trail. Please report any unsafe trail conditions to the bradford Ranger District or the campground host during PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER Allegheny the summer. The U. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits S. discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, National LEAVE NO TRACE! - 7 Outdoor Ethics Principles 1. Plan ahead and prepare. disability, politicalbeliefs, sexual orientation, andmarital or family status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all Forest 2. Travel and camp on durable surfaces programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alter- 3. Dispose of waste properly. nativemeans forcommunicationofprogram information (Braille, largeprint, audiotape, etc.) shouldcontactUSDA s U.S. Department of Agriculture 4. Leave what you find. Forest Service TARGET Center at 202-720-2600 (voice and TDD). 5. Minimize campfire impacts. 6. Respect wildlife. To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W Whitten Building, , 7. Be considerate of other visitors. 14th and lndependence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC Landstewardship ethics courtesyof Leave No Trace (www.LNT.org) 20250-9410 or call (202) 720-5964 (voice or TDD). IUSDA is a n equal opportunity providor and employer the U S . Forest Service. Later, additional land was Pennsylvania Game Commission to control deer popu- HEARTS CONTENT acquired, making upthe 120-acreHeartsContentScenic lationsthrough huntingand habitat management. In this SCENIC AREA Area. way, a balance can be found for deer and other things we value in the forest. INTERPRETIVE TRAIL Here you can follow a path into an old growth forest of LOCATION- Hearts Content Scenic Area is located 15 towering hemlock and white pine. Look for gnarly, old WHO LIVES IN THIS FOREST?There are many differ- miles southwest of Warren, PA. From the Mohawk exit beech snags amidst a carpet of ferns. Feel the cool dark ent kinds of animals that live in the Hearts Content of U.S. Route 6, take Pleasant Drive south for 11 miles. forest. It is a rare place and a reminder of how many Scenic Area. If you At the hard curve, proceed straight onto a gravel road; forests used to look. As you hike this easy trail, read the look closely you go south for four miles to Hearts Content. interpretive signs to learn how the forest is changing, may finds clues like due to a unique relationship between people, deer, and these tracks shown COME TO THE OLD GROWTH FOREST - Although the old trees. below. Look also for forests have covered this area for thousands of years, trails, feathers, nests, most have changed during the last two centuries. In Thisisyourforestandthetreesin itare special.Youcan scrapings, and drop- most eastern forests the huge old trees are missing, help care for them b y not damaging the bark, which pings. You can also listen having been cut down to provide building materials for protects the living portion of the tree just beneath it. for birds and chipmunks an expanding nation. Now there are just a few old THE EVOLVING FOREST - In a healthy calling to each other. growth forests, sometimes called virgin forests, where forest, plants grow in layers - from low grow- timber has never been cut. The Hearts Content Scenic ing mosses and herbs, to medium height Area is one such place. In the mid-1800's a 20-acre shrubs, uptotall trees. This wayplants getthe parcel was protected from logging by the Wheeler and proper amount of sun and shade to make DusenburyLumberCompany. In 1922itwasdonated to them grow. In this old growth forest you can see that the middle layer of shrubs and young trees is missing. This is the work of the white-tailed deer! Fox Wild Turkey Raccoon During the 1920's this forest looked Tracks are 1/4 actual size. Hearts Content Scenic Area different than it does today. Then, LOOK FOR THE SECRETS OF THE FOREST - there were fewer deer, and many tree Interpretive Trail seedlings grew among the pines. To- Although this is a very old forest, it is constantly chang- day, however, the deer population is ing. You can understand the changes if you know what Legend high and overbrowsing has prevented new trees and to look for. shrubs from growing in many places. Since deer do not Look at the big Beech trees -They are the ones with like toeatferns, theselow, denseplantsgrowinprofusion, the smooth bark. There are lots of big ones. But they are blocking out much of the light that other plants need to \ dying from Beech bark dis- Interpretive getstarted. If there isa high deer population, ease. Look closely at the when the old pines and hemlocks die, most trunk of a big Beech tree Stream will not be replaced with new trees. Can you and you may see lots of tiny imagine this forest without the big trees? whitespots. That'sthe beech ( Bridge bark scale. Within twenty The fences you see in the forest are one way to managethe deer so that shrubs and new tree seedlings years there probably won't can grow. On the Allegheny National Forest, over 100 be many large, living beech miles of fencing have been installed to keep deer out trees here. and let new trees get started, creating Look at the ferns -Why are there habitat for many kindsof wildlife. Inside so manyferns? In some placesthey the fenced area along the trail, can cover the forest floor like a thick you see some types of plants that are carpet. This is because there are not found growing outside the fence? so many deer in this forest that eat The U.S. Forest Service is studying the relationship almost all of the young plants, ex- between deer and their habitat to find better ways of cept the ferns, which they don't regenerating forests. They are also working with the like. If the deer population can be Continued on otherside..
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