Invertebrates - London Biodiversity Partnership by nyut545e2

VIEWS: 116 PAGES: 28

									LONDON BIODIVERSITY ACTION PLAN - PRIORITY SPECIES & SPECIES OF CONSERVATION CONCERN (3 of 4)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Specially Protected
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Culturally valued




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Relevant HAP(s)
                                                                         UK BAP Priority




                                                                                                                                                                  London Decline
                                                                                           SPI (CRoW Act)




                                                                                                                                                                                   Characteristic
                                                                                                                      UK Rare/RDB




                                                                                                                                                    London Rare
                                                                                                                                      UK Scarce




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Indicative
           INVERTEBRATES




                                                                                                            UK SCC




                                                                                                                                                                                   London




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Notes
BUTTERFLIES
Brown hairstreak                          Thecla betulae                  l                                                         Nb                                                                                  S5(s)                                Woodland, Hedgerows                   awaiting verification
Chalkhill blue                            Lysandra coridon                                                  l                       Local            l            È                                  l                  S5(s)                    l           Chalk Grassland
Dark green fritillary                     Argynnis aglaja                                                                           Local            l            UK                                                                                         Chalk Grassland
Dingy skipper                             Erynnis tages                   l                                                         Local            l            UK                                                                                         Chalk Grassland
Grayling                                  Hipparchia semele               l                                                         Local            l            UK                                                                             l           Heathland                             extinct?
Grizzled skipper                          Pyrgus malvae                   l                                                         Local            l            UK                                                                                         Chalk Grassland
*Heath fritillary                         Melitaea athalia                l                 l                        RDB2                                                                                               S5                                   Woodland                              introduced
Small blue                                Cupido minimus                  l                                                         Local            l            È                                  l                  S5(s)                    l           Chalk Grassland                       flagship
Small heath                               Coenonympha pamphilus           l                                                                                       UK                                                                                         Heathland, Acid Grassland
Wall                                      Lasiommata megera               l                                                                          l            UK                                 l                                                       Wasteland, Meadows & Pastures
White admiral                             Ladoga camilla                  l                                                         Local            l            Ç                                  l                                                       Woodland
White-letter hairstreak                   Strymonidia w-album             l                                                         Nb                            Ç                                                     S5(s)                                Woodland
Brown argus                               Aricia agestis                                                                                             l            È                                                                                          Chalk Grassland, Meadows & Pastures
Green hairstreak                          Callophrys rubi                                                                                            l                                                                                                       Chalk Grassland, Heathland
Marbled white                             Melanargia galathea                                                                       Local                                                                                                        l           Chalk Grassland, Meadows & Pastures   Flagship
Purple emperor                            Apatura iris                                                      l                       Nb               l                                               l                  S5(s)                                Woodland
Silver-washed fritillary                  Argynnis paphia                                                   l                       Local            l                                                                                                       Woodland

MACRO-MOTHS
August thorn                              Ennomos quercinaria             l                                                                       Cat.3           UK                                                                                         Woodland                              extinct?
Autumnal rustic                           Eugnorisma glareosa             l                                                                       Cat.3           UK                                                                                                                               extinct?
Balsam carpet                             Xanthorhoe biriviata                                                       RDB3                          Cat.4                                             l                                                       Woodland, Rivers & Streams
Beaded chestnut                           Agrochola lychnidis             l                                                                       Cat.1B          UK
Blood-vein                                Timandra comae                  l                                                                       Cat.1A          UK
Brindled beauty                           Lycia hirtaria                  l                                                                       Cat.1B          UK
Broom moth                                Melanchra pisi                  l                                                                       Cat.2A          UK                                                                                                                               extinct?
Broom-tip                                 Chesius rufata                  l                                                         Local         Cat.4           È                                                                                          Heathland                             extinct?
Brown-spot pinion                         Agrochola litura                l                                                                       Cat.1B          UK
Buff ermine                               Spilosoma luteum                l                                                                       Cat.1A          UK
Centre-barred sallow                      Atethmia centrago               l                                                                       Cat.2B          UK                                                                                                                               under-recorded?
Cinnabar                                  Tyria jacobaeae                 l                                                                       Cat.1A          UK                   l             l                                                       Wasteland
Crescent                                  Celaena leucostigma             l                                                                        Cat.3          UK                                                                                         Rivers & Streams                      extinct?
Dark spinach                              Pelurga comitata                l                                                                       Cat.2C          UK                   l                                                                     Wasteland
Dark-barred twin-spot carpet              Xanthorhoe ferrugata            l                                                                       Cat.1C          UK
Deep-brown dart                           Aporophyla lutulenta            l                                                                       Cat.2B          UK                                                                                         Heathland
Dot moth                                  Melanchra persicariae           l                                                                       Cat.1A          UK
Double dart                               Graphiphora augur               l                                                                       Cat.2B          UK
Double line                               Mythimna turca                                    l                                       Nb             Cat.4          È                                                                                          Woodland, Acid grassland
Dusky brocade                             Apamea remissa                  l                                                                       Cat.1A          UK
Dusky thorn                               Ennomos fuscantaria             l                                                                       Cat.1A          UK
Dusky-lemon sallow                        Xanthia gilvago                 l                                                                       Cat.3           UK                                                                                         Rivers & Streams                      extinct? On Populus nig




   London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                                                                                                                                                      1
Ear moth                                 Amphipoea oculea                l                            Cat.2B   UK
Feathered gothic                         Tholera decimalis               l                            Cat.2B   UK                                                      local
Figure of eight                          Diloba caerleocephala           l                            Cat.3    UK              Woodland, Hedgerows                     extinct?
Flounced chestnut                        Agrochola helvola               l                            Cat.3    UK              Woodland                                extinct?
Forester                                 Adscita statices                l                     Nb     Cat.7B   UK                                                      awaiting verification
Galium carpet                            Epirrhoe galiata                l                             Cat.4   UK              Chalk grassland                         awaiting verification
Garden dart                              Euxoa nigricans                 l                            Cat.1A   UK
Garden tiger                             Arctia caja                     l                            Cat.1A   UK              Private gardens
Ghost moth                               Hepialus humuli                 l                            Cat.1B   UK
Goat moth                                Cossus cossus                   l                     Nb     Cat.4    UK              Woodland, Parks etc.                    extinct?
Grass rivulet                            Perizoma albulata               l                            Cat.3    UK          l   Chalk grassland                         extinct?
Green-brindled crescent                  Allophyes oxyacanthae           l                            Cat.1C   UK                                                      extinct?
Grey dagger                              Acronicta psi                   l                            Cat.1B   UK              Hedgerows, Woodland
Heath rustic                             Xestia agathina                 l                            Cat.4    UK              Heathland                               extinct?
Hedge rustic                             Tholera cespitis                l                            Cat.3    UK          l   Acid grassland
Knot grass                               Acronicta rumicis               l                            Cat.1A   UK              Wasteland
Lackey                                   Malacosoma neustria             l                            Cat.1A   UK
Large nutmeg                             Apamea anceps                   l                            Cat.2B   UK                                                     local
Latticed heath                           Chiasmia clathrata              l                            Cat.2A   UK              Meadows & Pastures, Open landscapes w ancient trees
Minor shoulder-knot                      Brachylomia viminalis           l                            Cat.2B   UK              Woodland (wet)
Mottled rustic                           Caradrina morpheus              l                            Cat.1A   UK
Mouse moth                               Amphipyra tragopoginis          l                            Cat.1A   UK
Mullein wave                             Scopula marginepunctata         l                            Cat.2C   UK      l       Wasteland, Built environment
Oak hook-tip                             Drepana binaria                 l                            Cat.1B   UK
Oak lutestring                           Cymatophorima diluta            l                            Cat.3    UK              Woodland                                extinct?
Powdered quaker                          Orthosia gracilis               l                            Cat.1C   UK
Pretty chalk carpet                      Melanthia procellata            l                            Cat.2    UK          l   Chalk grassland
Rosy minor                               Mesoligia literosa              l                            Cat.2B   UK      l
Rosy rustic                              Hydraecia micacea               l                            Cat.2A   UK
Rustic                                   Hoplodrina blanda               l                            Cat.2A   UK
Sallow                                   Xanthia icteritia               l                            Cat.1B   UK
September thorn                          Ennomos erosaria                l                            Cat.2B   UK                                                      extinct?
Shaded broad-bar                         Scotopteryx chenopodiata        l                            Cat.1B   UK
Shoulder-striped wainscot                Mythimna comma                  l                            Cat.1B   UK
Small emerald                            Hemistola chrysoprasaria        l                            Cat.2B   UK              Chalk grassland, Woodland
Small phoenix                            Ecliptopera silaceata           l                            Cat.1B   UK
Small square-spot                        Diarsia rubi                    l                            Cat.1A   UK
Spinach                                  Eulithis mellinata              l                            Cat.1C   UK
Sprawler                                 Asteroscopus sphinx             l                            Cat.3    UK              Woodland                                extinct?
Star-wort                                Cucullia asteris                          l           Nb     Cat.3            l   l   Woodland, Tidal Thames
Streak                                   Chesias legatella               l                            Cat.3    UK              Heathland
V-moth                                   Macaria wauaria                 l                            Cat.3    UK                                                      extinct?
White ermine                             Spilosoma lubricipeda           l                            Cat.1A   UK
Waiting list..
Dark brocade                             Blepharita adusta               l                            Cat.7B   UK                                                      under-recorded?
Rest Harrow                              Aplasta ononaria                l                              l                                                              migrant?
*Festoon                                 Apoda limacodes                           l           Nb              È               Woodland                                extinct
Alder kitten                             Furcula bicuspis                                             Cat.4                    Woodland
Ash pug                                  Eupithecia fraxinata                                         Cat.4
Barred hook-tip                          Drepana cultraria                                     Nb     Cat.2                    Woodland
Barred umber                             Plagodis pulveraria                                          Cat.4                    Heathland?




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                         2
Beautiful brocade                        Lacanobia contigua                                            Cat.4  È                    Woodland
Beautiful snout                          Hypena crassalis                                      Nb      Cat.4                       Woodland, Heathland
Beautiful yellow underwing               Anarta myrtilli                                               Cat.4  È            l   l   Heathland
Bleached pug                             Eupithecia expallidata                                        Cat.4                       Woodland
Blossum underwing                        Orthosia miniosa                                              Cat.4  È                    Woodland
Brindled white-spot                      Paradarisa extensaria                                 Nb      Cat.3                       Woodland
Brown-veined wainscot                    Archanara dissoluta                                   Nb         ?                        Reedbed
Buff footman                             Eilema deplana                                                Cat.4  Ç?
Buttoned snout                           Hypena rostralis                     l                Nb      Cat.2E Ç        l           Wasteland                                  Former LBAP Priority S
Campanula pug                            Eupithecia denotata                                           Cat.4                       Woodland
Chimney sweeper                          Odezia atrata                                                 Cat.4  È                l   Acid grassland, Meadows & Pastures
Cloaked carpet                           Euphyia biangulata                                            Cat.4                       Woodland
Clouded buff                             Diacrisia sannio                                              Cat.4
Common heath                             Ematurga atomaria                                             Cat.4  È                    Heathland
Cream-bordered green pea                 Earias clorana                                        Nb       Cat.3                      Woodland, Reedbed
Currant clearwing                        Synanthedon tipuliformis                              Nb        l                 l
Dingy footman                            Eilema griseola                                               Cat.4                       Woodland
Dog's tooth                              Lacanobia suasa                                               Cat.2    È      l       l   Floodplain grassland, Wasteland
Fen wainscot                             Arenostola phragmitidis                                       Cat.3                   l   Reedbed
*Four-spotted                            Tyta luctuosa                   l    l        RDB3             Cat.4   È                  Acid grassland, Chalk grassland            extinct
Fox moth                                 Macrothylacia rubi                                            Cat.4    È
Golden-rog pug                           Eupithecia virgaureata                                         Cat.4
Grass wave                               Perconia strigillaria                                         Cat.4
Great oak beauty                         Hypomecis roboraria                                   Nb      Cat.3                       Woodland
Great prominent                          Peridea anceps                                                Cat.4    È?                 Woodland
Green arches                             Anaplectoides prasina                                         Cat.4
Hornet clearwing                         Sesia apiformis                                       Na      Cat.4
Horse chestnut                           Pachycnemia hippocastanaria                                   Cat.4    È                  Heathland
July belle                               Scotopteryx luridata                                          Cat.4                       Heathland
Juniper carpet                           Thera juniperata                                              Cat.4    Ç
Lappet                                   Gastropacha quercifolia                                       Cat.4    È
Large red-belted clearwing               Sesia culiciformis                                            Cat.4                       Woodland
Lead-coloured drab                       Orthosia populeti                                     Nb      Cat.3                       Woodland
Lead-coloured pug                        Eupithecia plumbeolata                                        Cat.4                       Woodland
Lesser cream wave                        Scopula immutata                                              Cat.4                       Meadows & pastures, Floodplain grassland
Light orange underwing                   Archieris notha                                               Cat.4                       Woodland
Lunar hornet clearwing                   Sesia bembeciformis                                   Na      Cat.4                       Woodland
Map-winged swift                         Hepialus fusconebulosa                                        Cat.4                       Woodland
Marsh pug                                Eupithecia pygmaeata                                          Cat.4                       Meadows & pastures, Floodplain grassland
Merveille du jour                        Dichonia aprilina                                              Cat.2                  l   Woodland
Mocha                                    Cyclophora annulata                                           Cat.4                       Woodland
Mother shipton                           Callistege mi                                                 Cat.3    È?
Northern drab                            Orthosia opima                                                Cat.4    È
Obscure wainscot                         Mythimna obsoleta                                             Cat.4                       Tidal Thames, Reedbeds
Ochreous pug                             Eupithecia indigata                                           Cat.4    Ç?
Pale-lemon sallow                        Xanthia ocellaris                                     Na      Cat.4                   l   Open landscapes w ancient trees, Parks etc.
*Pale shining brown                      Polia bombycina                 l    l                Local    Cat.4   È                  Chalk grassland                           extinct
Pine carpet                              Thera firmata                                                 Cat.4
Pinion-streaked snout                    Schrankia costaestrigalis                                     Cat.4                       Woodland, Rivers & Streams
Poplar lutestring                        Tethea or                                             Nb       Cat.3                      Woodland
Privet hawk-moth                         Sphinx ligustri                                                Cat.3   È          l   l   Built envt.




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                                3
Red-belted clearwing                     Synanthedon myopaeformis                              Na       Cat.3              l       Woodland, Private Gardens
Reddish light arches                     Apamea sublustris                                     Nb      Cat.3    È?                 Woodland, Chalk grassland
Red-tipped clearwing                     Sesia formicaeformis                                          Cat.4
Rosy marbled                             Elaphria venustala                                    Na      Cat.4                       Woodland
Round-winged muslin                      Thumatha senex                                                Cat.3                       Rivers & Streams
Royal mantle                             Catarhoe cuculata                                             Cat.4
Rufous minor                             Oligia versicolor                                             Cat.4
Satin beauty                             Deileptenia ribeata                                           Cat.4
Satin lutestring                         Tetheela fluctuosa                                    Nb       Cat.3                      Woodland
Satyr pug                                Eupithecia satyrata                                           Cat.4                       Meadows & pastures, Acid grassland
Scallop shell                            Rheumaptera undulata                                          Cat.4    È
Shaded pug                               Eupithecia subumbrata                                 Nb      Cat.3
Sharp-angulated carpet                   Euphyia unangulata                                            Cat.4                       Woodland
Silky wainscot                           Chilodes maritimus                                    Nb      Cat.4                       Reedbed
Small purple-barred                      Phytometra viridaria                                          Cat.4    È?                 Heathland
Small rufous                             Coenobia rufa                                                 Cat.4
Southern wainscot                        Mythimna straminea                                            Cat.3                       Tidal Thames, Reedbeds
Square spot                              Paradarisa consonaria                                         Cat.4
Striped wainscot                         Mythimna pudorina                                             Cat.4                       Woodland, Acid grassland
Tissue                                   Triphosa dubitata                                             Cat.4
Toadflax brocade                         Calophasia lunula                             RDB3              l                         Acid grassland                           Former LBAP Priority S
Triple-spotted clay                      Xestia ditrapezium                                            Cat.4                       Woodland
Twin-spotted wainscot                    Archanara geminipuncta                                Nb      Cat.3                       Reedbed                                  flagship
Water carpet                             Lampropteryx suffumata                                        Cat.4                       Woodland
Waved black                              Parascotia fuliginaria                                Nb       Cat.3          l   l       Woodland
Webb's wainscot                          Archana sparganii                                     Nb      Cat.4                       Reedbed                                  (Typha)
Wormwood                                 Cucullia absinthii                                    Nb       Cat.3          l           Meadows & pastures, Wasteland            flagship
Yarrow pug                               Eupithecia millefoliata                               Na       Cat.3   Ç      l       l   Tidal Thames
Yellow-winged clearwing                  Sesia vespiformis                                             Cat.4

ODONATA (Dragonflies & Damselflies)
Scarce emerald damselfly                 Lestes dryas                              l   RDB2              l             l       l   Rivers & Streams, Floodplain Grassland
Black darter                             Sympetrum danae                                                 l                     l   Heathland
Common hawker                            Aeshna juncea                                                   l                         Heathland
*Downy emerald                           Cordulia aenea                                        Nb               È                  Heathland                                extinct?
Emerald damselfly                        Lestes sponsa                                                   l                         Rivers & Streams, Heathland
Hairy dragonfly                          Brachytron pratense                                   Nb        l      Ç                  Rivers & Streams, Lakes & Reservoirs
Keeled skimmer                           Orthetrum coerulescens                                Local     l                         Heathland
Red-eyed damselfly                       Erythromma najas                                                l      È                  Rivers & Streams, Lakes & Reservoirs
Ruddy darter                             Sympetrum sanguineum                                  Nb                      l       l   Rivers & Streams, Lakes & Reservoirs
Small red-eyed damselfly                 Erythromma viridulum                                  N         l      Ç                  Lakes & Reservoirs
White-legged damselfly                   Platycnemis pennipes                                  Nb        l                         Rivers & Streams, Lakes & Reservoirs

COLEOPTERA (Beetles)
a cardinal click beetle                  Ampedus cardinalis                        l   RDB2              l                     l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false click beetle                     Eucnemis capucina                             RDB1              l                     l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a wood-boring weevil                     Dryophthorus corticalis                       RDB1              l                     l                                           a
                                                                                                                                   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees ssoc. w Lasius brunne
Lesser searcher (a ground beetle)        Calosoma inquisitor             l                     Na        l      UK                 Woodland
Poplar leaf-rolling weevil               Byctiscus populi                l    l        RDB3              l      UK                 Woodland                                on Populus spp
Rusty click beetle                       Elater ferrugineus                            RDB1              l                     l   Open landscapes w ancient trees         assoc. w Dorcus paralle
Saltmarsh shortspur                      Anisodactylus poeciloides       l    l        RDB3              ?      UK             l   Tidal Thames (Upper saltmarshes)        under-recorded?




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                              4
Stag beetle                              Lucanus cervus                  l    l                Nb             UK       l   l   S5(s)/A2                                               S
                                                                                                                                              Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees AP extant; flagship
Streaked bombardier beetle               Brachinus sclopeta              l             RDB1             l                                     Wasteland                               Only known UK locality
Violet oil-beetle                        Meloe violaceus                 l                     Nb       l     UK                              Lakes & Reservoirs, Meadows & Pastures
a beetle                                 Abraeus granulum                                      Na       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Aderus oculatus                                       Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Aderus populneus                                      Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Anaspis thoracica                                     Na       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Aplocnemus impressus                                  Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Aulonothroscus brevicollis                    RDB3             l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Bruchella rufipes                               ?              l     Ç                               Meadows & Pastures, Railsides           on Reseda
a beetle                                 Cis jacquemarti                                       Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Corticaria alleni                                     N        l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Ctesius serra                                         Nb       l                                     Woodland                                "Cobweb beetle"
a beetle                                 Diplocoelus fagi                                      Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Enicmus brevicornis                                   N        l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Enicmus rugosus                                       N        l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Ischnomera caerulea                            RDB3            l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Ischnomera cyanea                                     Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Ischnomera sanguinicollis                             Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Lissodema quadripustulata                             Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Megatoma undata                                       Nb       l                                     Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Mycetophagus piceus                                   Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Mycetophagus quadriguttatus                           Na       l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Notolaemus unifasciatus                               Na       l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Orthocis festivus                                     Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Orthoperus nigrescens                                 Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Phloiophilus edwardsii                                Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Platystomos albinus                                   Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Plegaderus dissectus                                  Nb       l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Prionocyphon serricornis                              Nb       l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Rabocerus gabrieli                                    Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Rhizophagus nitidulus                                 Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Rhizophagus oblongicollis                      RDB1            l                                 l   Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Rhizophagus parvulus                           RDB3            l                                 l   Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Simbiotes latus                                       Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Scraptia dubia                                 RDBI            l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees xtinct?
                                                                                                                                                                                      e
a beetle                                 Scraptia fuscula                               RDB1            l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Scraptia testacea                              RDB3            l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Sphindus dubius                                       Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Sulcacis bicornis                                     Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Tetratoma desmaresti                                  Na       l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Trinodes hirtus                               RDB3             l                                     Open landscapes w ancient trees
a beetle                                 Uleiota planata                                       Na       l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a cardinal beetle                        Pyrochroa coccinea                                    Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees U survey
                                                                                                                                                                                      L
a chequered beetle                       Korynetes caeruleus                                   Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a chequered beetle                       Opilo mollis                                          Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a chequered beetle                       Tillus elongatus                                      Nb       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a click beetle                           Athous campyloides                                    Nb       l                                     Meadows & Pastures
a click beetle                           Ischnodes sanguinicollis                              Na       l                                     Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a click beetle                           Procraerus tibialis                           RDB3             l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a darkling beetle                        Diaperis boleti                               RDB2             l                                 l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                                        5
a darkling beetle                        Eledona agricola                                      Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a darkling beetle                        Mycetochara humeralis                                 Na       l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a darkling beetle                        Prionychus ater                                       Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a darkling beetle                        Pseudocistela ceramboides                             Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a darkling beetle                        Scaphidema metallicum                                 Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false click beetle                     Hylis olexai                                  RDB3             l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false click beetle                     Melasis buprestoides                                  Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false darkling beetle                  Abdera biflexuosa                                     Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false darkling beetle                  Anisoxya fuscula                                      Na       l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false darkling beetle                  Conopalpus testaceus                                  Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false darkling beetle                  Hallomenus binotatus                                  Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false darkling beetle                  Phloiotrya vaudoueri                                  Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false darkling beetle                  Orchesia micans                                       Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false darkling beetle                  Orchesia minor                                        Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a false powder-post beetle               Lyctus linearis                                       Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a featherwing beetle                     Micridium halidaii                            RDBK             l              l   Open landscapes w ancient trees
a featherwing beetle                     Nossidium pilosellum                                  N        l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a featherwing beetle                     Ptenidium gressneri                                   N        l                  Open landscapes w ancient trees
a featherwing beetle                     Ptenidium turgidum                            RDBK             l              l   Open landscapes w ancient trees
a featherwing beetle                     Ptinella denticollis                                  N        l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a flea beetle                            Longitarsus parvulus                                  Na       l     Ç            Parks etc.                              Regent's Park
a fungus beetle                          Cicones undatus                               RDB1             l     Ç                                                    o
                                                                                                                           Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees n Acer pseudoplatanus
a fungus beetle                          Colydium elongatum                            RDB3             l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a fungus beetle                          Conopalpus testaceus                                  Nb       l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a fungus beetle                          Cryptophagus confusus                         RDBK             l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a fungus beetle                          Cryptophagus falcozi                          RDBI             l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a fungus beetle                          Cryptophagus labilis                                  Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a fungus beetle                          Cryptophagus micaceus                         RDBK             l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a fungus beetle                          Cryptophagus ruficornis                               N        l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a fungus beetle                          Microscydmus minimus                          RDB3             l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a fungus beetle                          Scydmaenus rufus                              RDB2             l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees ncient woodland indica
                                                                                                                                                                   a
a fungus beetle                          Synchita humeralis                                    Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a fungus beetle                          Synchita separanda                            RDB3             l              l   Woodland                                on Acer pseudoplatanus
a ground beetle                          Acupalpus exiguus                                     Nb       l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a ground beetle                          Stenolophus teutonus                                  N        l                  Rivers & streams
a jewel beetle                           Agrilus angustulus                                    Nb       l     È            Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a jewel beetle                           Agrilus laticornis                                    Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a jewel beetle ("Two-spot wood-borer")   Agrilus pannonicus                                    Na       l     È            Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a jewel beetle ('Hawthorn')              Agrilus sinuatus                                      Na       l     Ç            Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees, Hedgerows
                                                                                                                                                                   LU survey
a ladybird                               Hippodamia variegata                                  Nb       l                  Tidal Thames, Wasteland
a ladybird                               Nephus quadrimaculatus                        RDB2             l     Ç                                                    o
                                                                                                                           Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees n Hedera helix
a leaf beetle                            Chrysolina marginata                                  Na       l                  Wasteland                               1st modern record from
a leaf beetle                            Chrysolina oricalcia                                  Nb       l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a longhorn beetle                        Anaglyptus mysticus                                   Nb       l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a longhorn beetle                        Phytoecia cylindrica                                  Nb       l                  Woodland
a longhorn beetle                        Poecilium alni                                        Nb       l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a longhorn beetle                        Prionus coriarius                                     Na       l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a net-winged beetle                      Platycis minutus                                      Nb       l                  Woodland
a rove beetle                            Aleochara fumata                              RDBK             l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                            Amauronyx maerkelii                           RDB3             l              l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                            Atheta basicornis                                     N        l                  Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                      6
a rove beetle                             Batrisodes delaporti                          RDB1             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Biploporus minutus                                    Nb       l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Dexiogyia corticina                                   N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Euplectus bonvouloiri                                 N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Euplectus punctatus                           RDB3             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Euplectus kirbii                                      N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Euryusa optabilis                             RDBI             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Euryusa sinuata                               RDBI             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Gyrophaena angustata                                  N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Gyrophaena hanseni                                    N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Gyrophaena joyioides                                  N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Haploglossa marginalis                                N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Hypnogyra angularis                                   Na       l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Hypopycna rufula                              RDBK             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Oxypoda recondita                                     N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Placusa tachyporoides                                 N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Quedius aetolicus                                     Na       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Quedius scitus                                        Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Quedius truncicola                                    Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Sepedophilus bipunctatus                              Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Sepedophilus testaceus                                N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Silusa rubiginosa                                     N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Tachinus bipustulatus                         RDB1             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a rove beetle                             Velleius dilatatus                            RDB1             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a sap-beetle                              Cryptarcha strigata                                   Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a sap-beetle                              Cryptarcha undata                                     Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a smut beetle                             Olibrus flavicornis                           RDBK             l              l       Tidal Thames, Wasteland
a soldier beetle                          Malthinus frontalis                                   Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a soldier beetle                          Mathodes guttifer                                     Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a tumbling flower-beetle                  Mordellistena humeralis                       RDBK             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a tumbling flower-beetle                  Mordellistena neuwaldeggiana                  RDBK             l     Ç        l   l   Wasteland, Open landscapes w ancient trees, Parks etc.
a tumbling flower-beetle                  Mordellistena parvula                         RDBK             l                      Wasteland, Floodplain grassland
a water beetle                            Anacaena bipustulata                                  Nb       l                      Woodland, Lakes & reservoirs
a water beetle                            Cercyon convexiusculus                                Nb       l                      Woodland, Lakes & reservoirs
a weevil                                  Acalles ptinoides                                     Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a weevil                                  Cossonus linearis                                     Na       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a weevil                                  Cossonus parallelepipedus                             Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a weevil                                  Dorytomus ictor                                       Nb       l                      Open landscapes w ancient trees, Hedgerows
a weevil                                  Ernoporus fagi                                        Na       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a weevil                                  Kalcapion semivittatum                                N        l                      Wasteland, Railsides                     on Mercurialis annua
a weevil                                  Notaris scirpi                                        Nb       l                      Tidal Thames, wetlands                   on Typha
a weevil                                  Platypus cylindrus                                    Nb       l                      Woodland                                 "Oak pinhole borer"
a weevil                                  Rhinincus albicinctus                         RDB1              ?                     wetlands..                               on Polygonum amphibiu
a weevil                                  Stereocorynes truncorum                               Na       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a weevil                                  Taphrorychus bicolor                                  Na       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a weevil                                  Xyleborus dispar                                      Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a weevil                                  Xyleborus dryographus                                 Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a wood-borer beetle                       Anitys rubens                                         Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a wood-borer beetle                       Dorcatoma flavicornis                                 Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a wood-borer beetle                       Dorcatoma serra                                       Na       l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a wood-borer beetle                       Hadrobregmus denticollis                              Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees




   London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                        7
a wood-borer beetle                      Hemicoelus nitidus                            RDBI             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a wood-borer beetle                      Lymexylon navale                              RDB2             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a wood-borer beetle                      Ptinus palliatus                                      Na       l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a wood-borer beetle                      Ptinus sexpunctatus                                   Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
Bloody-nosed beetle                      Timarcha tenebricosa                                           l     È            l   Acid grassland, Chalk grassland, Heathland
Bombardier beetle                        Brachinus crepitans                                   Nb       l     È                Wasteland
Glow-worm                                Lampyris noctiluca                                             l     È        l       Chalk Grassland, Meadows & Pastures
Green tiger beetle                       Cicindela campestris                                           l     È            l   Acid grassland, Heathland               flagship

HYMENOPTERA (Bees, Ants & Wasps)
Brown-banded carder bee                  Bombus humilis                  l    l                Local    l     UK                                                       flagship
                                                                                                                               Floodplain grassland, Acid grassland, Wasteland
Five-banded tailed digger wasp           Cerceris quinquefasciata        l    l        RDB3             l     UK               Acid grassland, Wasteland
Long-horned mining bee                   Eucera longicornis              l                     Na       l     UK               Acid grassland                          awaiting verification
Sea-aster Colletes bee                   Colletes halophilus             l                     Na       l     UK               Floodplain grassland, Wasteland         Rainham
Shrill carder bee                        Bombus sylvarum                 l    l                Nb       l     UK               Acid grassland, Wasteland
Black-backed meadow ant                  Formica pratensis               l    l        RDB1             l                      Meadows & Pastures                      awaiting verification
Southern wood-ant                        Formica rufa                                          Local    l     UK       l       Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a digger wasp                            Diodontus insidiosus                          RDB3             l     È            l   Acid grassland
a digger wasp                            Crabro scutellatus                                    Na       l                      Heathland, Acid grassland
a digger wasp                            Crabro peltarius                                      Local    l                      Heathland, Acid grassland               Royal Wimbledon GC
a digger wasp                            Alysson lunicornis                                    Na       l                      Floodplain grassland, Wasteland         Rainham
a digger wasp                            Astata boops                                          Local    l                      Heathland, Acid grassland               Royal Wimbledon GC
a digger wasp                            Cerceris rybyensis                                    Local    l                      Heathland, Acid grassland               Royal Wimbledon GC
a digger wasp                            Nysson dimidiatus                                     Nb       l                      Acid grassland
a digger wasp                            Didineis lunicornis                                   Na       l                      Meadows & Pastures
a digger wasp                            Stigmus pendulus                              RDBK             l                      Woodland
a digger wasp                            Crossocerus distinguendus                     RDB3             l     Ç                Acid grassland
a digger wasp                            Crossocerus walkeri                                   Nb       l                      Meadows & Pastures
a digger wasp                            Passaloecus clypealis                         RDB3             l                      Reedbeds, Floodplain grassland          Rainham Marsh, Barkin
a digger wasp                            Passaloecus insignis                                  Local    l                      Acid grassland                          Richmond Park?
a digger wasp                            Psen unicolor                                         Na       l                      Floodplain grassland, Reedbeds          Rainham Marsh, Barkin
a Eumenid (potter) wasp                  Microdynerus exilis                                   Nb       l                      Acid grassland, Open landscapes w ancient trees, Meadows & Pas
a Colletid bee                           Hylaeus annularis                                     Local    l                                                              Royal
                                                                                                                               Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees Wimbledon GC
a Colletid (Large yellow-faced) bee      Hylaeus signatus                                      Nb       l                      Wasteland                               TT Invert, Wood Wharf
a leaf cutter bee                        Heriades truncorum                            RDB3             l                      Acid grassland
a leaf cutter bee                        Stelis breviuscula                            pRDB1            l                      Acid grassland                          recent
a mining bee                             Andrena flavipes                                      Local    l                      Acid grassland                          Royal Wimbledon GC
a mining bee                             Andrena florea                                RDB3             l                      Acid grassland
a mining bee                             Andrena bimaculata                                    Nb       l                      Acid grassland
a mining bee                             Andrena humilis                                       Nb       l                      Meadows & Pastures
a mining bee                             Andrena labiata                                       Na       l                      Acid grassland, Meadows & Pastures
a mining bee                             Andrena tibialis                                      Na       l                      Acid grassland
a mining bee                             Macropis europaea                                     Na       l                      Meadows & Pastures
a mining bee                             Panurgus banksianus                                   Local    l                      Acid grassland, Meadows & Pastures      Royal Wimbledon GC
a nomad bee                              Nomada ferruginata                            RDB1             l                      Acid grassland                          Richmond Park?
a nomad bee                              Nomada flavopicta                                     Nb       l                      Acid grassland
a nomad bee                              Nomada fulvicornis                            RDB3             l                      Heathland, Acid grassland
a nomad bee                              Nomada guttulata                              RDB1             l                      Acid grassland
a nomad bee                              Nomada lathburiana                            RDB3             l     Ç                Acid grassland
a ruby-tailed wasp                       Cleptes nitidulus                                     Na       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a ruby-tailed wasp                       Cleptes semiauratus                                   Nb       l     È




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                         8
a ruby-tailed wasp                       Hedychrum niemelai                            RDB3             l                      Acid grassland
a ruby-tailed wasp                       Hedychridium coriaceum                        RDB3             l                      Acid grassland
a ruby-tailed wasp                       Hedychridium roseum                                   Local    l                      Acid grassland                          Royal Wimbledon GC
a ruby-tailed wasp                       Pseudomalus violaceus                                 Nb       l                      Open landscapes w ancient trees, Meadows & Pastures
a Sapygid wasp                           Monosapyga clavicornis                                Nb       l                      Woodland
a social wasp                            Dolichovespula media                                  Na       l                      Open landscapes w ancient trees, Meadows & Pastures
a social wasp                            Dolichovespula saxonica                               Na       l                      Open landscapes w ancient trees, Meadows & Pastures
a solitary bee                           Lasioglossum pauperatum                   l   RDB3             l                      Acid grassland, Wasteland               Rainham
a solitary bee                           Lasioglossum pauxillum                                Na       l     Ç                Meadows & Pastures
a solitary bee                           Lasioglossum puncticolle                              Nb       l                      Floodplain grassland                    Rainham
a solitary bee                           Lasioglossum malachurum                               Na       l                      Meadows & Pastures
a solitary bee                           Sphecodes crassus                                     Nb       l                      Acid grassland
a solitary bee                           Sphecodes longulus                                    Na       l                      Acid grassland, Wasteland               Rainham
a solitary bee                           Sphecodes niger                               RDB3             l                      Meadows & Pastures
a solitary bee                           Sphecodes reticulatus                                 Na       l                      Acid grassland
a spider-hunting wasp                    Auplopus carbonarius                                  Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a spider-hunting wasp                    Arachnospila minutula                                 Nb       l                                                              Rainham
                                                                                                                               Floodplain grassland, Wasteland, Acid grassland
a spider-hunting wasp                    Priocnemis gracilis                                   Nb       l                      Meadows & Pastures
a spider-hunting wasp                    Priocnemis hyalinata                                  Nb       l                      Meadows & Pastures
a spider-hunting wasp                    Priocnemis schioedtei                                 Nb       l                      Open landscapes w ancient trees, Meadows & Pastures
a Tiphiid wasp                           Tiphia minuta                                         Nb       l                      Acid grassland, Meadows & Pastures
an ant                                   Myrmica specioides                            RDB2             l                                                              Crayford M
an ant                                   Ponera coarctata                                      Nb       l                                                              coastal thermophile
an ant                                   Stenamma westwoodi                                         ?   l                      Meadows & Pastures                      national status unknown
Bee-wolf                                 Philanthus triangulum                         RDB2             l     Ç            l   Acid grassland, Wasteland
Brown tree ant                           Lasius brunneus                                       Na       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
Hill cuckoo bee                          Psithyrus rupestris                       l           Nb       l     UK               Meadows & Pastures
Red-banded sand wasp                     Ammophila sabulosa                                    Local    l     È                Acid grassland, Wasteland               flagship
Small heath bumblebee                    Bombus jonellus                                       Local    l     È            l   Heathland                               flagship; poss. misident

DIPTERA (True flies)
Hornet robber-fly                        Asilus crabroniformis           l    l                N        l     UK               Acid grassland, Wasteland
Phoenix fly (a picture-winged fly)       Dorycera graminum               l    l        RDB3             l     UK               Acid grassland, Floodplain grassland    Rainham, Hornchurch C
Southern yellow splinter (a cranefly)    Lipsothrix nervosa              l    l                Local    l     UK           l   Woodland, Rivers & Streams              endemic
a cranefly                               Ctenophora pectinicornis                              Nb       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a cranefly                               Dictenidia bimaculata                                 Local    l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a cranefly                               Gnophomyia viridipennis                               Nb       l                      Woodland
a cranefly                               Nigrotipula nigra                                     Local    l                      Floodplain grassland, Reedbeds
a cranefly                               Tipula pierrei                                        Local    l                      Woodland
a dance fly                              Drapetis ephippiata                                   Local    l                      Woodland
a flat-footed fly                        Agathomyia falleni                            RDB              l     Ç                Woodland
a fruit fly                              Stegana nigrithorax                                   N        l                      Woodland
a hoverfly                               Anasimyia interpuncta                         RDB3             l                      Floodplain grassland, Reedbeds          core range
a hoverfly                               Brachyopa insensilis                                  N        l                      Woodland
a hoverfly                               Brachypalpoides lenta                                          l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a hoverfly                               Chrysotoxum elegans                           RDB3             l                      Meadows & Pastures, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a hoverfly                               Didea fasciata                                        N        l                      Woodland                                ancient
a hoverfly                               Ferdinandea ruficomis                                 N        l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a hoverfly                               Melangyna triangulifera                       RDB              l                  l   Woodland                                ancient
a hoverfly                               Meligramma triangulifera                              Nb       l              l       Parks etc., Private Gardens
a hoverfly                               Neoascia geniculata                                   N        l                      Woodland, Floodplain grassland




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                          9
a hoverfly                                Parhelophilus versicolor                                       l                  l   Reedbed, Lakes/Reservoirs
a hoverfly                                Platycheirus scambus                                  Local    l                      Floodplain grassland                    edge of range
a hoverfly                                Portevenia maculata                                   Local    l                      Woodland                                assoc. w Allium ursinum
a hoverfly                                Psilota anthracina                            RDB2             l                  l   Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees ore range
                                                                                                                                                                        c
a hoverfly                                Triglyphus primus                                     N        l                      Wasteland                               LU survey
a hoverfly                                Volucella inanis                                      N              Ç        l   l   Meadows & Pastures
a hoverfly                                Volucella zonaria                                     N                       l       Gardens                                 core range
a hoverfly                                Epistophella euchroma                                 ?        l
a hoverfly                                Xylota xanthocnema                                    N        l                      Woodland
a horse-fly                               Hybomitra bimaculata                                  Local    l                      Open landscapes w ancient trees
a hunchback fly                           Acrocera orbicula                                     Local    l                      Open landscapes w ancient trees
a picture-winged fly                      Acanthiophilus helianthi                              N        l                      Chalk grassland, Meadows & pastures     on Centaurea spp.
a picture-winged fly                      Acinia corniculata                            RDB1             l                      Meadows & Pastures                      on Centaurea
a picture-winged fly                      Dioxyna bidentis                                      N        l                      Meadows & Pastures                      on Asteraceae
a picture-winged fly                      Icterica westermanni                                  Nb       l                      Meadows & Pastures                      on Senecio spp .
a robber-fly                              Choerades marginata                                   N?       l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees
a snail-killing fly                       Pherbellia pallidiventris                             Local    l                      Churchyards
a snail-killing fly                       Tetanocera arrogans                                   Local    l                      Open landscapes w ancient trees
a soldier fly                             Odontomyia tigrina                                    N        l     È                wetlands..
a soldier fly                             Oxycera rara                                          Local    l                      Floodplain grassland
a Xylomyiid fly                           Solva marginata                                       Nb       l                  l   Woodland                                (ancient)

ORTHOPTERA (Grasshoppers & Crickets)
Long-winged conehead                      Conocephalus discolor                                 Na             Ç                Meadows & Pastures, Floodplain grassland
Roesel's bush-cricket                     Metrioptera roeseli                                   Nb             Ç        l       Meadows & Pastures, Floodplain grassland
Stripe-winged grasshopper                 Stenobothrus lineatus                                          l                      Wasteland
Tawny cockroach                           Ectobius pallidus                                     Nb       l                      Chalk grassland

ARACHNIDA (Spiders)
Duffey's bell-head spider                 Baryphyma duffeyi               l             RDB3             l     UK           l   Tidal Thames, Reedbeds, Floodplain grassland
                                                                                                                                                                         Crayford M, Rainham M
Serrated tongue-spider                    Centromerus serratus            l                     Na       l     UK               Acid grassland, Woodland                 High Elms, Claybury Wo
a spider                                  Ero aphana                                l   RDB2             l      ?           l   Heathland, Acid grassland                Hounslow Heath, Horse
a spider                                  Anelosimus aulicus                                    Nb       l                      Acid grassland                           Hounslow Heath
a spider                                  Enoplognatha oelandica                                         l                  l   Acid Grassland, Meadows & Pastures
a spider                                  Tapinocyboides pygmaeus                                        l                  l   Acid Grassland, Meadows & Pastures
a spider                                  Bianor aurocinctus                                    Na       l                      Acid grassland, Wasteland                Rainham, Hounslow He
a spider                                  Entelecara congenera                                  Nb       l                      Heathland, Acid grassland                Sandy Heath
a spider                                  Hypomma fulvum                                        Na       l                                                               Crayford M
a spider                                  Lepthyphantes insignis                                Nb       l                      Acid grassland                           Hounslow Heath
a spider                                  Meioneta simplicitarsis                               Na       l                                                               Crayford M
a spider                                  Neon reticulatus                                               l                      Heathland, Acid grassland
a spider                                  Nigma walckenaeri                                     Na       l              l       Parks etc.                               Regent's Park
a spider                                  Syedra gracilis                                       Nb       l                      Heathland, Acid grassland                Hounslow Heath, Mile E
a spider                                  Scotina celans                                        Local    l                      Acid grassland
a spider                                  Theridion pinastri                        l   RDBK             l                      Woodland, Open landscapes w ancient trees ainham
                                                                                                                                                                         R
a spider                                  Trachyzelotes pedestris                               Nb       l                      Acid grassland, Woodland                 Claybury Wood
a spider                                  Wiehlea calcarifera                                   Nb       l                      Heathland, Acid grassland                Oxleas Wood
a spider                                  Xerolycosa nemoralis                                  Nb       l                      Woodland, Chalk grassland                High Elms
a spider                                  Zelotes petrensis                                     Na       l                      Heathland, Acid grassland                Hounslow Heath, Addin
a spider                                  Zodarion italicum                                     [Na]     l                      Heathland, Acid grassland, Wasteland     TTI?
a spider                                  Zodarion rubidum                                 l             l                      Wasteland                                new to UK 1997




   London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                        10
Purse-web spider                             Atypus affinis                                       Local     l           l     l              l   Meadows & Pastures, Acid grassland
Wasp spider                                  Argiope bruennichi                                   Na        l      Ç                             Acid grassland, Floodplain grassland

MOLLUSCS
Depressed river mussel                       Pseudanodonta complanata       l    l                Nb        l     UK                             Tidal Thames
Desmoulin's whorl snail                      Vertigo moulinsiana            l    l                Na        l     UK              A2             Rivers & Streams
German hairy snail                           Perforatella rubiginosa                       RDB2             l           l                        Tidal Thames, Rivers & Streams
Little whirlpool ram's-horn snail            Anisus vorticulus              l    l         RDB2             l     UK                             Rivers & Streams                         awaiting verification
Swollen spire snail                          Pseudamnicola confusa          l              RDB1             l     UK    l                        Tidal Thames
Two-lipped/Thames door snail                 Laciniaria biplicata                          RDB3             l      l    l                        Tidal Thames                             Flagship
Roman snail                                  Helix pomatia                             l          Nb        l                                    Chalk Grassland
Slender amber snail                          Oxyloma sarsi                             l   RDB2             l     UK                             Floodplain grassland, Rivers & Streams

OTHER INVERTEBRATES
Horehound long-horn moth                     Nemophora fasciella            l                     Nb        l     UK                             Private gardens..
a leafhopper                                 Asiraca clavicornis                                  Nb        l           l                        Wasteland
a leafhopper                                 Oliarus panzeri                                      Nb        l                                    Railsides
a plant bug                                  Deraeocoris flavilinea                        RDBK             l           l                        Tidal Thames, Rivers & Streams
a squash bug                                 Bathysolen nubilus                                   Nb        l                                    Wasteland                                assoc. with Medicago s
a ground bug                                 Megalonotus praetextatus                             Nb        l                                    Wasteland, Heathland, Acid grassland
Tentacled lagoon-worm                        Alkmaria romijni                          l          Na        l                     S5             Tidal Thames
*White-clawed crayfish                       Austropotamobius pallipes      l    l                Local           UK              S5(s),A2       Rivers & Streams                         extinct
an amphipod crustacean                       Corophium lacustre                                   N         l           l                    l   Tidal Thames


Key:
Bold species = London BAP Priority Species
Bold habitats = Habitat Action Plan extant
Stippled = Additional LBAP Priority Species post UK BAP revision 2007
* = possible recovery species
SPI = Species of Principal Importance for the conservation of biological diversity in England (CRoW Act 2000)
RDB = Red Data Book (1=Endangered, 2=Vulnerable, 3=Rare, K=Insufficent data, I=Indeterminate); N = Notable a/b, or Local; Cat.1-4 = Macro-moth atlas (Plant C , 1993) status categories:
Cross-hatched = denotes a former status which has been revised (either by the UK BAP revision or relevant new atlas work)                       Category 1A: widespread & common throughout
Decline: UK = nationally declining and/or SE = regionally declining                         ÈÇ = direction of known trend in London populations Category 1B: widespread & common exc. built environment
Protection: S# = Wildlife & Countryside Act Schedule (s = sale only); A# = Annex (Habitats Directive)                                           Category 1C: widespread & common in green-belt only
                                                                                                                                                Category 2A: widespread but local exc. built environment
Boroughs key: BD=Barking&Dagenham Ba=Barnet Br=Brent Bo=Bromley Bx=Bexley                                                                       Category 2B: widespread but local in green belt only
Ca=Camden Cr=Croydon CL=City of London Ea=Ealing En=Enfield Gr=Greenwich                                                                        Category 2C: widespread but local in inner London
Ha=Hackney Hr=Haringey Ho=Hounslow Hv=Havering Hi=Hillingdon Hw=Harrow                                                                          Category 3: recorded in 11-30 tetrads in LNHS area
HF=Hammersmith&Fulham Is=Islington KC=Kensington&Chelsea Ki=Kingston                                                                            Category 4: recorded in 1-10 tetrads in LNHS area
La=Lambeth Le=Lewisham Me=Merton Ne=Newham Re=Redbridge Ri=Richmond                                                                             Category 7B: no recent records but probably overlooked
So=Southwark Su=Sutton TH=TowerHamlets WF=Waltham Forest Wa=Wandsworth
We=Westminster




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES                                                                           11
Boroughs




Su?
Bo Cr Su
Bo Cr
Bo Cr Hi?
[formerly Bx]
Bo Cr
Hi
Bo Cr Su
Ba BD Bo? Br Cr Ea Gr Hi Me Re
Bx Gr Hi? Hv
Bo Hi Ki
Bo Cr Ea En Hr Hw Ki La Le Wa
Ba Bo Cr En Me Ri Su
Bo Cr Me Re
Ba Bo Cr Ea Hw Hi Ho Me
Cr? Ki Hi
Cr Ki


[formerly Bo Ca Cr Hi Hw Me Su]
[formerly Ba Cr Ho Ki Me]
Hi Bo
many.. Hi Ho Ne We
many.. Bo We
many.. Ne We
[formerly many..]
[formerly Ca Bx Bo]
many.. Hi Ne
many.. BD Ba Hi Ho Le Ne
most outer..
many..
[formerly Bx BD Ca Cr En Hi Hv Hc Ne Re Su]
many.. Ne
many.. Hi Le Ne
most outer.. Hi Ne
many.. Ba Hi Le Ne
most outer.. Le
Ri Me Ki
many.. Hi Ne We
many.. Bo Cr Hi Wa
[formerly Ba Br Bo Bx Cr HF Me Su]




           London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   12
most outer.. Hi Ri
most outer.. Bo Hi
[formerly Bo Cr En Me Re Hv]
[formerly Bo Cr Hi Hw Me Su]
Hi
Bo
many.. Le Ne
many.. BD Ne So
many.. Hi
[formerly Gr? Re Ho]
[formerly Bo Cr]
[formerly most outer..]
many.. Ba Le Ne
[formerly Bo]
Ho [fomerly Ba Bo Ca Cr Hi Me Su]
many.. Hi Le Ne We
many.. Hi
Hi Le [formerly Ba Bo Cr En Me Su]
many.. Ba We
Ba Le [formerly Bo Cr Ho Hw Me Su]
many..
many.. Le Ne
many (esp. east) BD Hi Ne Wa
many..
[formerly Cr Hi Me Su]
most outer.. Le Wa
Bo [formerly Bx Cr Hi Su]
Hi Ne [formerly Ba Br Bo Cr Ca En Ho Me Su]
many..
Ba Bo Bx Hi [formerly Cr Ho Le Me Su]
many.. Hi Ho Le
[formerly most outer..]
many..
many.. Hi Le Ne
Bo Hi [formerly Ba Bx Cr Me Su]
many.. Cr Hi Le Ne
many.. BD Hi Le Ne We
many.. Le Ne Wa
[formerly Ba Bo Cr Hi]
Bx BD Bo Hv
Ho [formerly Ba Bo Ki Me Su]
[formerly Ba Bo Cr Hc Me Su]
many.. BD Hi Le Ne

[formerly Bo Bx Ho Hv]
Cr

Bo Cr Su
Bo Bx Hi En
many..
Me




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   13
Cr Su
Me Cr Bo
Me Wa Cr Bx?
Bo Bx
Me
Bo Hi Me Cr
Hv? Bo? Su?
Bo
many..
Ba Hr Hi
En Ba Br Ca Wa
Hv
Su
Me Wa Cr
Me Bo Ea En Ne Hv
BA Ca Hr Hv Bo Cr So
Hi Hv Su
many..
Ba BD Bx Ca Cr En Hi Hv Ne Su
[formerly Me]
Cr Su?
Bo Hi
Ri
Ho Hi Ri Bo
En Ki
Bo
Ca Bx Cr Me
Bo
Ca Bx? Hi
Ba Bo Ca Cr Ki
Cr Su?
Ba
Hi Cr Ba En Bo
Hi
Ca Bx Hw En
Hi
Ha Hi Ri Cr
Cr Hi
Hi
Bo Ba En Cr Re Su
Bo
Hi Ri Ca Hr Ne BD Su Bo Cr Hw
Cr Me Su
Bx BD Hv Ne
Ba Bo Cr Su
Ca Cr HF Me
[formerly Cr]
En
Cr? Hi?
Hi Ca Bo Hv Bx
many..




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   14
KC
Su Cr Bo
BD
Bo Bx?
Bx Me Hv
Bo Bx
Ba Cr En Hv Me Ne
Bo
Bx Su
Bo
Bx?
Cr Bo Bx Ne BD Hv
Ba En Su
Hv
Bo
Re Hv En
Bx BD Gr Hv Ne WF
Ki Bo
Ri Me
Cr
Gr Br
Me Bx
Hv Bx Ne En Hi Ca Ri
Hv?
Hi Me Ki Cr
Ea Hv Su
many..
Bo Bx Hv BD Ne Re WF
Ri


BD Hv Bx?
Me
Me
Hw WF
Ba Bx Hw Ho Hi Hv Me Ri WF
Hi
Me
En Ri
many..
Hv Ri
En Ki Re Ri WF


Ri WF
Ri
Ri
?Re WF
Hi
Ri
Bx? Hv?




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   15
many..
Ne
Br
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Le
Ri
Ri
Le Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Le
Ri
Ri
Ri




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   16
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Le Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
We
Le Cr Ri
Ri
Le WF?
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Le So WF?
Le
Ba
Hw Ri
Le Ri
Hw Le Ca Ri
 Gr Le Ri
Ba Le Wa
Ri+..
Gr
Le Hi Wa
Ri
Ba Br
Ri
Ri
Hw
Ri
Ri
Ri




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   17
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ba Le WF
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri We & many..
Ne Hv WF
Le
Le
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ba Le
Ri
Le
Le
Le Ri
Le?
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   18
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Bx Cr
?Gr WF
Ba Bo Cr Hi
?Cr Me Ri WF


BD Bx Hv Ne
Hv
Wa
Hv
Ne
Ba
Bx Hw
Me Re Ri
Ri
Me
Hv
Me
Me
Ri
Ri
Bo
Ri
Hw
Hv BD?
Ri?
Hv
Me Ri
Me
BD Hv TH
Ri
Ri
Me
Hv Me Ri
Me Ri
Me
Me Ri
Ri
Hv
Me
Ri?
Ri
Me Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   19
Bo Me Ri
Me Ri
Me
Ri
Ri
Me
Me
Hv
Me Ri Hv
Hv
Me Ri Hv We
Ri
Hv
Me
Me Hv
Ri
Hv
Ri
Ri
Ri
Ri
Bx
Ba
Le
many..
Hw Hv Le Ri Me We Wa WF
Hw
Bo Gr Hv Ri Me
[Hw?]


BD Hv
Bx Hv Le Me
Br Gr Hi Hv
Hw
Re?
Le
Hv (Rainham)
Hv
Le
Le
Le
Bx BD Ne Hv
Hv
Hw
Hv? (Dagnam)
Le Ne
Hv? (Dagnam)
Cr (Croham Hurst)
We & many..
Hv (Rainham)




  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   20
        Ba Br Ho Hr
        Hv (Rainham)
        Re
        Hv (Dagnam)
LU survey
        many..
        many..
        Hw
        Hw
        Hv (Dagnam Park)
        Hv (Dagnam Park)
        Ba
        Le (Honour Oak Reservoir)
        Ba
        Ba
        Me (Royal Wimbledon GC)
        Ne
        Hv (Dagnam Park) Re (Roding Valley Meadows)
        Ba Br Re WF
        BD? WF
        Le (Beckenham Place)


        many..
        many..
        Ca Hr
        Bo


        Bx Hv
        Bo Re
        Ho Ea
        Ho
        Hr
        Ca
        Gr En Hi Ho Hv TH WF
        Ca Hi
        Bx
        Ho
        Bx
        Bo Re
        We
        Bo Ho Re TH
        Re
        Hv
        Re
        Gr
        Bo
        Bo Ho Cr
        Bx KC Hr Ho
        WF (Temple Mills)




           London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   21
             Ca Gr Bo
             many..


             Ri
             Hi
             BD? Ho Ne
             Ho
             BD Ne
             Ri Ho Ki
             Cr Bo Su
             Lee Valley (En?)


             Cr Ne
             Gr
             Le
             R. Lea, Le
             Gr
             Gr
             Gr BD Hv

             BD N




. built environment
reen-belt only
uilt environment




ably overlooked




                  London Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority Species and Species of Conservation Concern - January 2008 INVERTEBRATES   22
GREATER LONDON BIODIVERSITY ACTION PLAN - SPECIES OF CONSERVATION CONCERN




                                                       UK BAP Priority


                                                                         SPI (CRoW Act)




                                                                                                                                  London Rare
                                                                                                    UK Rare/RDB


                                                                                                                    UK Scarce
     INVERTEBRATES




                                                                                          UK SCC
MACRO-MOTHS
August thorn                   Ennomos quercinaria      l                                                                       Cat.3
Autumnal rustic                Eugnorisma glareosa      l                                                                       Cat.3
Balsam carpet                  Xanthorhoe biriviata                                                RDB3                          Cat.4
Bearded chestnut               Agrochola lychnidis      l                                                                       Cat.1B
Blood-vein                     Timandra comae           l                                                                       Cat.1A
Brindled beauty                Lycia hirtaria           l                                                                       Cat.1B
Broom moth                     Melanchra pisi           l                                                                       Cat.2A
Broom-tip                      Chesius rufata           l                                 l                       Local         Cat.4
Brown-spot pinion              Agrochola litura         l                                                                       Cat.1B
Buff ermine                    Spilosoma luteum         l                                                                       Cat.1A
Centre-barred sallow           Atethmia centrago        l                                                                       Cat.2B
Cinnabar                       Tyria jacobaeae          l                                                                       Cat.1A
Crescent                       Celaena leucostigma      l                                                                        Cat.3
Dark brocade                   Blepharita adusta        l                                                                       Cat.7B
Dark spinach                   Pelurga comitata         l                                                                       Cat.2C
Dark-barred twin-spot carpet   Xanthorhoe ferrugata     l                                                                       Cat.1C
Deep-brown dart                Aporophyla lutulenta     l                                                                       Cat.2B
Dot moth                       Melanchra persicariae    l                                                                       Cat.1A
Double dart                    Graphiphora augur        l                                                                       Cat.2B
Double line                    Mythimna turca                             l                                       Nb             Cat.4
Dusky brocade                  Apamea remissa           l                                                                       Cat.1A
Dusky thorn                    Ennomos fuscantaria      l                                                                       Cat.1A
Dusky-lemon sallow             Xanthia gilvago          l                                                                       Cat.3
Ear moth                       Amphipoea oculea         l                                                                       Cat.2B
Feathered gothic               Tholera decimalis        l                                                                       Cat.2B
Figure of eight                Diloba caerleocephala    l                                                                       Cat.3
Flounced chestnut              Agrochola helvola        l                                                                       Cat.3
Four-spotted                   Tyta luctuosa            l                 l                        RDB3                          Cat.4
Garden dart                    Euxoa nigricans          l                                                                       Cat.1A
Garden tiger                   Arctia caja              l                                                                       Cat.1A
Ghost moth                     Hepialus humuli          l                                                                       Cat.1B
Goat moth                      Cossus cossus            l                                 l                       Nb             Cat.4
Grass rivulet                  Perizoma albulata        l                                                                       Cat.3
Green-brindled crescent        Allophyes oxyacanthae    l                                                                       Cat.1C
Grey dagger                    Acronicta psi            l                                                                       Cat.1B
Heath rustic                   Xestia agathina          l                                                                       Cat.4
Hedge rustic                   Tholera cespitis         l                                                                       Cat.3
Knot grass                     Acronicta rumicis        l                                                                       Cat.1A
Lackey                         Malacosoma neustria      l                                                                       Cat.1A
Large nutmeg                   Apamea anceps            l                                                                       Cat.2B
Latticed heath                 Chiasmia clathrata       l                                                                       Cat.2A
Minor shoulder-knot         Brachylomia viminalis      l                 Cat.2B
Mottled rustic              Caradrina morpheus         l                 Cat.1A
Mouse moth                  Amphipoea tragopoginis     l                 Cat.1A
Mullein wave                Scopula marginepunctata    l                 Cat.2C
Oak hook-tip                Watsonella binaria         l                 Cat.1B
Oak lutestring              Cymatophorima diluta       l                 Cat.3
Pale shining brown          Polia bombycina            l   l       Local  Cat.4
Powered quaker              Orthosia gracilis          l                 Cat.1C
Pretty chalk carpet         Melanthia procellata       l                 Cat.2
Rosy minor                  Mesoligia literosa         l                 Cat.2B
Rosy rustic                 Hoplodrina micacea         l                 Cat.2A
Rustic                      Hoplodrina blanda          l                 Cat.2A
Sallow                      Xanthia icteritia          l                 Cat.1B
September thorn             Ennomos erosaria           l                 Cat.2B
Shaded broad-bar            Scotopteryx chenopodiata   l                 Cat.1B
Shoulder-striped wainscot   Mythimna comma             l                 Cat.1B
Small emerald               Hemistola chrysoprasaria   l                 Cat.2B
Small phoenix               Ecliptopera silaceata      l                 Cat.1B
Small square-spot           Diarsia rubi               l                 Cat.1A
Spinach                     Eulithis mellinata         l                 Cat.1C
Sprawler                    Asteroscopus sphinx        l                 Cat.3
Star-wort                   Cucullia asteris                   l   Nb     Cat.3
Streak                      Chesias legatella          l                 Cat.3
V-moth                      Macaria wauaria            l                 Cat.3
White ermine                Spilosoma lubricipeda      l                 Cat.1A
ATION CONCERN




                                                               Specially Protected
                                           Culturally valued




                                                                                                  Relevant HAP(s)
         London Decline


                          Characteristic




                                                                                                                                                  Boroughs
                                                                                     Indicative
                          London




                                                                                                                                        Notes
        UK                                                                                        Woodland                                         Bo Ca Cr Hi Hw Me Su
        UK                                                                                                                                         Ba Cr Ho Ki Me
                                            l                                                     Woodland, Rivers & Streams                       Hi Bo
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
         È                                                                                        Heathland                                        Ca Bx Bo
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         most
                                                                                                                                       under-recorded?outer..
        UK                                                                                        Wasteland                                        many..
        UK                                                                                        Rivers & Streams                                 Bx BD Ca Cr En Hi Hv Hc Ne Re Su
        UK                                                                                                                             under-recorded?
        UK                                                                                        Wasteland                                        many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                        Heathland                                        most outer..
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         most outer..
         È                                                                                        Woodland, Acid grassland                         Ri Me Ki
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                        Rivers & Streams                     On Populus nigraBo Bx Cr HF Me Su
                                                                                                                                                   Ba Br
        UK                                                                                                                                         most outer..
        UK                                                                                                                             local       most outer..
        UK                                                                                        Woodland, Hedgerows                              Bo Cr En Me Re Hv
        UK                                                                                        Woodland                                         Bo Cr Hi Hw Me Su
        È                                                                                         Acid grassland, Chalk grassland      extinct     Me?
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                        Private gardens                                  many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                        Woodland, Parks etc.                             Gr? Re Ho
        UK                                                                           l            Chalk grassland                                  Bo Cr
        UK                                                                                                                                         most outer..
        UK                                                                                        Hedgerows, Woodland                              many..
        UK                                                                                        Heathland                                        Bo
        UK                                                                           l            Acid grassland                                   Ba Bo Ca Cr Ho Hi Me Su
        UK                                                                                        Wasteland                                        many..
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
        UK                                                                                                                             local       Ba Bo Cr En Me Su
        UK                                                                                                                                         many..
                                                                                                  Meadows & Pastures, Open landscapes w ancient trees
UK       Woodland (wet)                           Bo Cr Ho Hw Me Su
UK                                                many..
UK                                                many..
UK       Wasteland, Built environment             many (esp. east)
UK                                                many..
UK       Woodland                                 Cr Hi Me Su
È        Chalk grassland                extinct   Cr?
UK                                                most outer..
Ç    l   Chalk grassland                          Bo Bx Cr Hi Su?
UK                                                Ba Br Bo Cr Ca En Ho Me Su
UK                                                many..
UK                                                Ba Bo Cr Ho Le Me Su
UK                                                many..
UK                                                most outer..
UK                                                many..
UK                                                many..
UK       Chalk grassland, Woodland                Ba Bo Bx Cr Hi Me Su
UK                                                many..
UK                                                many..
UK                                                many..
UK       Woodland                                 Ba Bo Cr Hi
     l   Woodland, Tidal Thames                   Bx BD Bo Hv
UK       Heathland                                Ba Bo Ho Ki Me Su
UK                                                Ba Bo Cr Hc Me Su
UK                                                many..
r Hi Hw Me Su




a Cr En Hi Hv Hc Ne Re Su




 Bx Cr HF Me Su




a Cr Ho Hi Me Su
 Cr Ca En Ho Me Su

r Ho Le Me Su




x Cr Hi Me Su

								
To top