Tragedy PPT Tragedy

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					  Tragedy
For Romeo and Juliet
      English 1
     Mr. Hewitt
Tragedy Menu

   Tragedy: An Introduction

   Tragedy: Tragic Hero

   Tragedy as Universal
Tragedy: An Introduction
   Tragedy is a form, or genre, of Drama. “Drama”
    is synonymous with “play.”

   Tragedy is defined in our Elements of Literature
    textbook as:
       A play that depicts serious and important events in which
        the main character comes to an unhappy end.


   What else can the word “tragedy” mean?

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Examples of Tragedy

   Oedipus Rex by Sophocles

   Romeo and Juliet by
    Shakespeare

   Death of a Salesman by
    Arthur Miller

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Characteristics of Tragedy
   The main character is usually dignified and
    courageous.
   His or her downfall may be caused by a
    character flaw, or it may result from forces
    beyond human control.
   The main character usually gains
    self-knowledge and wisdom.

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Characteristics of Tragedy Question
   Which of these is not a characteristic of
    Tragedy?

    Tragic hero undergoes a downfall.         The play usually ends unhappily.




     The tragic hero overcomes fate.           The tragic hero gains wisdom.




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Let’s try again …
   That is a characteristic of Tragedy!

   Let’s return to the “Characteristics of
    Tragedy” page so we can review!

                   Let’s read again…




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Excellent!!
   You are correct!
   Unfortunately, the tragic hero does not
    overcome their fate, they are doomed to a
    tragic end!

               Let’s continue to the next slide!




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Tragic Hero
   Tragic hero – the central
    character of a tragedy.
    Usually, a noble figure of high
    importance who has a “tragic
    flaw” which leads him or her to
    a downfall.
   They have virtues and gifts
    that lift them above normal
    men and women.

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Tragic Flaw: “Hamartia”

   Tragic flaw – hamartia (“to miss the mark”)
    in Greek – the defect, character flaw,
    mistake, or imperfection that dooms the
    tragic hero to a tragic end.
   Sometimes it seems that the tragic hero
    cannot escape his or her fate.


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“Hope, that foul, deceitful thing”
   The following quote is from Antigone by
    Anouilh:
       “Tragedy is restful; and the reason is that hope,
        that foul, deceitful thing, has no part in it”
   There is no hope in a tragedy because the
    tragic hero is doomed, his or her fate is
    predetermined, already set.
   Question: Why do we watch Tragedies?

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Pause for Writing
   Answer the following questions in complete
    sentences using the TAG3x format:
       Have you ever felt a lack of hope?
       Have you ever felt that you were part of a real-life
        “Tragedy”?


                      Answer in Microsoft Word




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Tragedy as Universal
   Universal – adj. – present or occurring
    everywhere
   Put simply, bad things happen to all of us
    and Tragedies to some, if not most, of us.
   To answer the question, “Why do we watch
    Tragedies?” Aristotle answered that it is
    cathartic – it helps us purge our anger at a
    world where Tragedies occur.

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Tragedy as Universal, cont.
   What do you think?
   Is Tragedy universal?
   Discuss.

                            FIN

                      THE END



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Citations
   Definition of Tragedy
       Cuddon, J.A. Dictionary of Literary Terms &
         Literary Theory. London: Penguin, 1999.
       Wikipedia Entry: Tragedy. 26 April 2008.
         Wikipedia. 21 April 2008.
        <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Traged
        y&action=history>




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