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Thailand

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Thailand Powered By Docstoc
					Pre-conference workshop:
    The Social Protection Floor Initiative
               Thailand

        Worawan Chandoevwit
         Research Director (Social Security)
      Thailand Development Research Institute


Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre
                    June 10, 2010
    Social Protection in Thailand
• Coverage and financing
• Learning from Thailand’s experience




                                    THAILAND
  Coverage of Social Protection Schemes
                                                                                           Other workers
                                         State-
                      Government                     Private employee     Private school       (self-
   Work Status                         enterprise
                       employee                         in non-agr           teacher       employed, agr
                                       employee
                                                                                            employee)
Sickness and
maternity                                                                   PSTWF +              UC
                                          State       WCF and SSF +
                      General tax                                          contribution          No
Death and survivor                     enterprise       contribution
                       revenue                                                from
Disability                              revenue      from government                             No
                                                                           government
Child allowance
Unemployment          not relevant    not relevant          SSF                No                No
Pension: Defined      General tax
                                          No                SSF                No                No
benefit                 revenue
                         GPF +
Pension: Defined      contribution     Provident
                                                       Provident fund        PSTWF               No
contribution              from           fund
                      government

 Notes: GPF = Government Pension Fund, WCF = Workmen’s Compensation Fund, SSF = Social Security Fund,
 PSTWF = Private School Teacher Welfare Fund UC = Universal Health-care Coverage
             Contributory scheme           Non-contributory scheme
     Non-Contributory Social Protection
                 Schemes
• Financed by general tax revenues.
• Government officials or civil servants receive medical
  care, pension, child allowance, death and disability
  benefits.
• State-enterprise employee receives the same types
  of benefits as private employee, except they do not
  receive pension.
• The non-contributory social protection scheme for
  non-employees is the universal healthcare coverage,
  started in 2001.
• Social Assistance for the needy.
                            Social Assistance
• Social assistance programs in Thailand were initiated in 1941.
• Target groups for social assistance are children, disadvantaged women,
  seniors, disabled individuals, homeless and beggars, low-income persons,
  ethnic minority, family in need, and people suffered from natural disaster.
• Social assistance programs focus on counseling, training, in-kind assistance,
  and emergency accommodation.
• Cash benefits are provided to disabled individuals, poor elderly and children
  whose parents are HIV infected receive cash assistance.
• The cash assistance programs are not universal. The decision for providing
  benefits is decentralized to local government, which means that recipients
  are based on selection by provincial administrator and Tambon
  Administration Organization (TAO).
• Monetary assistance has been low since the Ministry of Social Development
  and Human Security received a small budget compared to other ministries.
  POOR MINISTRY TAKES CARE OF THE POOR AND UNDER PRIVILEDGE.
  Contributory Social Protection Schemes

• Financed by stakeholders
• Social Security Fund and Workmen’s Compensation
  Fund for private employee in non-agricultural sector.
• Private School Teacher Welfare Fund – for private
  school teacher.
• Provident Fund – for state enterprise employee and
  private employee.
• Government Pension Fund – defined contribution
      Equity Issue: Healthcare coverage

                                                            2006    2007    2008

Civil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme (CSMBS): bil of Baht   37.00   46.48   54.90

No. of register persons under CSMBS: million                4.06    4.24    4.28

Social Security Scheme (SSS): bil of Baht                   16.81   17.88   19.29

No. of employee under SSS: million                          8.54    8.87    8.82

Universal Healthcare Coverage (UC): bil. of Baht            48.25   75.13   76.60

No. of people under UC: million                             47.54   46.67   47.39
Efficiency Issue: CSMBS expenditure
  mil. of Baht
50,000
45,000
40,000
35,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
 5,000
     -

         1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009

                     outpatient         inpatient
Incentive to Work Issue: UI
Long Term Fund Stability Issue: SSF pension

				
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posted:3/18/2011
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