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Acid mine drainage in the Colorado River, U.S.A A recent survey in Canada identified ~ 10,000 abandoned mine sites that are threatening drinking water supplies in nearby communities 7000 lakes have been polluted with Cu and Ni by just one smelting operation in Sudbury, Canada Oldest coal mine, Jharia-India Exploitation of workers Marinduque Mining Disaster -Phillipines: - a Canadian Mining Company developed and then abandoned it 30 years later United Nations Report on the Marinduque Mining Disaster: "ecological catastrophe' " loss of life" "destruction of a way of life for 20,000 people" " devastating health impacts" "human rights abuses", "lack of recourse", "weak governance" "corruption" The Canadian Mining Company was bought out by another one, which denies responsibility The Philippine Province of Marinduque has recently filed suit against the take-over company in the U.S. State of Nevada, where this company has its flagship assets. The suit is being filed in the U.S. because any settlement would be unenforceable in Phillipines, and Canadian law is too weak. A private member's bill in Canada if passed, could impose sanctions on Canadian resource companies that violate good governance and environmental standards in foreign jurisdictions. Alberta Tar Sands in Northern Canada Alberta Tar Sands in Northern Canada 5% of Canada's CO2 emissions from this one site Massive Tailings Ponds - 50 km2 at present Recently 500 ducks died on the tailings pond Environmental Stewardship and the "Tragedy of the Commons" • Mining • Pollution discharge • Consumption of limited resources • Acquisition of personal wealth at the expense of societal health • Emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases • Population growth Technological Solutions alone will not work Sociological solutions are needed • Garrett Hardin (1968) Science 162: 1243- 1248: The Tragedy of the Commons • "The only kind of coercion I recommend is mutual coercion, mutually agreed upon by the majority of people affected" • "Freedom is the recognition of necessity: When men mutually agreed to pass laws against robbing, mankind became more free, not less free."
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