Erosion Control for Forest Trails and Landings

Document Sample
Erosion Control for Forest Trails and Landings Powered By Docstoc
					                                                    NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                          SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION
                                                           (INORGANIC SOURCES ONLY)
                                                           N.C. Practice Job Sheet: NC-590-INORG
                                                                                    (February 2009)

                                    Prepared for:________________________________________


                                    Farm:_________ Tract:___________       Date:____/____/____

                                                  2. Location of designated sensitive areas or
WHAT IS NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT?                         resources (streams, wells, sinkholes, etc.)
                                                     and any associated nutrient application
The conservation practice, Nutrient                  setbacks, etc.
Management, is managing the amount,
                                                  3. Your planned crop rotation.
source, placement, and timing of the
application of nutrients and soil amendments      4. Results of soil, plant, water tests.
to achieve realistic production goals, while
                                                  5. Results from Phosphorus Loss
minimizing nutrient movement to surface or
                                                     Assessment Tool (PLAT) or Leaching
ground waters. This practice is accomplished
                                                     Index (LI) if applicable.
through a Nutrient Management Plan, which is
normally part of a broader Conservation Plan      6. Realistic yield expectations for the crops in
that addresses multiple resource concerns.           the rotation, and their source if other than
                                                     default values approved for N.C.
                                                  7. Recommended nutrient application rates
                                                     for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium,
Your nutrient management plan is intended to
                                                     as well as timing, form, and method of
accomplish one or more of the following
                                                     application and incorporation, if applicable.
                                                     Information may be included on
                                                     determining allowable nutrient application
 To budget and supply nutrients for plant
                                                     rates based on annual changes to crop
 To minimize the delivery of agricultural
  nutrients to surface and ground water           8. This Job Sheet (or comparable
  resources.                                         information), that provides the following:
CONTENTS OF THE NUTRIENT                                General requirements of this practice,
MANAGEMENT PLAN                                          as well as additional requirements to
                                                         meet the natural resource protection
The information provided in this Job Sheet               purposes listed above.
and the attachments meets the minimum
                                                        Additional considerations specific to
requirements for a Nutrient Management Plan
                                                         this plan.
for USDA-NRCS purposes. This Nutrient
Management Plan includes:                               Operation and maintenance
                                                         information for this practice.
1. A plan map and soils map for the area
   planned (these may be part of the overall      This plan was developed based on the current
   Conservation Plan).                            NRCS 590 standard and Federal, state, or
                                                  local regulations or policies. Changes in laws
                                                  or regulations may require a plan revision.
NC-590-INORGANIC February 2009                                                        page 1
BASIC REQUIREMENTS                                 Soil test analyses can be performed by any
                                                   laboratory or program that is certified by the
General                                            North Carolina Department of Environment
                                                   and Natural Resources (NCDENR), Division of
Application of nutrients must comply with all      Water Quality, Laboratory Section.
applicable Federal, state, and local laws and
regulations.                                       NCDA&CS Agronomic Division uses the
                                                   Mehlich-3 extractant process for soil testing.
The realistic yield expectations (RYEs) in this    Growers who utilize other laboratories must
plan are based on one or more of the               request the use of the Mehlich-3 methodology
following:                                         to ensure the test results are compatible with
 Default values approved by the N.C.              North Carolina’s nutrient management
     Interagency Nutrient Management               planning and assessment tools. For statewide
     Committee that incorporate soil               consistency, all laboratories used must
     productivity information, yield data, and     provide fertilization recommendations using
     research with North Carolina soils, and       guidelines and methodologies as referenced
     cropping systems. Additional information      at the NCDACS website:
     on the default values may be found at:
                                                   Growers are encouraged to use a laboratory
   Documented actual yield data from the          that is supported by field research within the
    site, determined by the average of the         state.
    highest three yields of the last five
    consecutive specific crop harvests. (For       Soil testing shall include analysis for all
    forage crops, determine the average of the     nutrients for which specific information is
    highest three years of the last five years.)   needed to develop the nutrient plan.
   A fertilization rate recommended by North
    Carolina State University may be used in       Plant Tissue Testing
    cases where no yield data or approved
    RYE values exist for a crop.                   Tissue sampling and testing, when used, shall
   An RYE inferred from a similar crop on a       be done in accordance with North Carolina
    soil with similar physical and chemical        State University or NCDA&CS standards or
    features may be used for new crops or in       recommendations.
    the absence of other RYE data. This
    inferred RYE may ONLY be specified by a        Nutrient Application Rates
    certified Nutrient Management planner.
                                                   Recommended nutrient application rates are
Erosion, runoff, and water management              based on North Carolina State University or
controls have been planned, as needed, on          NCDA&CS recommendations that consider
fields that receive nutrients.                     current soil test results, RYEs, and
Soil Testing
                                                   Liming material shall be applied as needed to
This nutrient management plan has been             adjust soil pH to the specific range required by
developed based on current soil test results       the crop or crops in the rotation for optimum
(no older than three years).                       availability and utilization of nutrients.

Soil samples must be collected and prepared        The planned rates of nutrient application are
in accordance with North Carolina State            shown on the attached sheets. These rates
University or the North Carolina Department of     have been computed as follows:
Agriculture and Consumer Services
(NCDA&CS) Agronomic Division standards or             Nitrogen Application - Planned nitrogen
recommendations.                                       application rates match, as closely as
NC-590-INORGANIC February 2009                                                         page 2
    possible, the recommended rates using            Nutrient Application Timing
    the RYE for the site.
   Phosphorus Application - Planned                 Timing of nutrient application shall
    phosphorus application rates match the           correspond as closely as possible with
    soil test recommended rates as closely as        plant nutrient uptake characteristics, while
    possible.                                        considering cropping system limitations,
   Potassium Application – Planned                  weather and climatic conditions, and field
    potassium application rates match the soil       accessibility. Nutrients shall not be applied to
    test recommended rates as closely as             frozen, snow-covered, or saturated soil.
    possible. (This is particularly critical in      Plan Review and Revision Period
    situations where a potentially harmful
    nutrient imbalance in crops or forages may       A thorough review and revision (if needed) of
    occur, such as grass tetany).                    the nutrient management plan shall be
   Other Plant Nutrients - The planned              conducted on a regular cycle, not to exceed
    rates of application of other nutrients if       five years.
    applicable are consistent with North
    Carolina State University or the                 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR
    NCDA&CS guidelines or                            MINIMIZING DELIVERY OF NUTRIENTS TO
    recommendations.                                 SURFACE AND GROUND WATER
   Starter Fertilizers - Starter fertilizers
    containing nitrogen, phosphorus and              In areas that have been identified as impaired
    potassium must be applied in accordance          with agricultural nutrients being a likely
    with North Carolina State University or the      source, an assessment shall be completed of
    NCDA&CS guidelines or                            the potential for nitrogen or phosphorus
    recommendations. When starter fertilizers        transport from the site, even when no manure
    are planned, they shall be included in the       or organic by-products are being applied.
    nutrient budget. Recent NCSU research            (The streams/water bodies in this category are
    indicates that nitrogen-based starter            listed in the USDA-NRCS Field Office
    fertilizers give an equal crop response to       Technical Guide, Section I and are also
    starter fertilizers containing both N and P      available in the NCANAT software.) NCANAT
    on soils with Very High agronomic                is available for download from the NC Nutrient
    (according to NCDA soil tests) and/or            Management website:
    PLAT ratings. Thus, current NCSU       
    recommendations are that no starter P is
    to be applied to soils or sites that rate Very
    High through NCDA Soil Tests or PLAT.            NO
                                                         This nutrient management plan IS NOT in
Nitrogen, phosphorus, or potassium                       an area where surface waters are
application may exceed recommended rates                 impaired, with agricultural nutrients
only when custom blended commercial                      identified as a likely source. No additional
fertilizers are not available. Several sources           assessments are required.
of varying analysis fixed-ratio fertilizers should

be used whenever possible to match the
specified application rate as closely as
possible. Exceeding the recommended                      This nutrient management plan IS in an
nutrient rates (from soil test/RYE) using                area where surface waters are impaired,
inorganic fertilizer on a long-term or                   with agricultural nutrients identified as a
continuous basis is not considered                       likely source. The following assessments
acceptable.                                              are required and have been included in this
Based on the planned application rates, no
environmentally harmful increase in soil                 ____ Phosphorus Loss Assessment Tool
phosphorus is expected.                                       (PLAT). (Only required if soil test P-I
                                                              > 50.)
NC-590-INORGANIC February 2009                                                            page 3
                                                   are included in your nutrient management
    ____ Leaching Index (LI). (Only required       plan, if applicable.
         if soil site conditions indicate a
         potential for leaching)                   Phosphorus: Research in recent decades
                                                   indicates that, with high soil phosphorus
While the results of these assessments do not      levels, phosphorus has more potential to be
affect your planned nutrient application rates,    transported off-site than recognized in the
some additional conservation practices may         past. Phosphorus can be transported in
be specified in the plan to reduce the risk of     several ways: (1) attached to soil particles
nutrient movement from the field, if applicable.   leaving the field through erosion, (2) in soluble
                                                   form leaving the field in surface runoff, and (3)
IMPORTANCE OF MANAGING NUTRIENTS                   in soluble form leaching downward through
                                                   the soil profile, and eventually into surface
Nitrogen and phosphorus are water soluble          water. Unlike nitrogen, the most likely
elements and either or both may be                 transport pathway for phosphorus varies by
components of inorganic fertilizers. In soluble    site, and depends upon such factors as soil
forms, both can move with water as leachate        erosion rate, soil phosphorus levels, texture of
down through the soil, or over the soil surface    soils, existence of buffers, and other factors.
as runoff after rainfall. While nitrogen and       In N.C., PLAT (an application within NCANAT)
phosphorus exist in different forms and may        is the tool used to assess potential excessive
move through different transport processes on      phosphorus losses. The results of the PLAT
the same site, they both can have detrimental      analysis and recommended actions are
effects on both surface and shallow ground         included in your nutrient management plan, if
water quality. As an example, excess               applicable.
nutrients can result in accelerated
eutrophication with severe algal blooms and        OPERATION & MAINTENANCE
fish kills.
                                                   You are responsible for safe operation and
Because of the topography, hydrology, and          maintenance of this practice, including all
other factors in the state, the environmental      equipment. The following Operation &
problems from excess nutrients reaching            Maintenance should be conducted:
surface water may not be exhibited near the
contributing source, but rather create water       1. Review the plan annually to determine if
quality problems far downstream.                      adjustments or modifications to the plan
Consequently, the Neuse River Basin, Tar-             are needed. Information may be provided
Pamlico Basin, the Chowan River, the                  in the plan to determine nutrient
watershed of the B. Everett Jordan Reservoir,         application rates based on annual
and the watershed of the New River in Onslow          adjustments to crop rotations. This
County are listed as Nutrient Sensitive Waters        nutrient management plan will be
in North Carolina.                                    thoroughly reviewed every five years and
                                                      revised if necessary. The next review will
Nitrogen: Nitrogen applied as fertilizer is           be performed in ___________.
transformed into nitrate and can move with the
water moving downward into the shallow             2. Protect fertilizer storage facilities from
ground water and eventually to surface                weather and accidental leakage or
waters. (Relatively small amounts of nitrogen         spillage. Surface water should be diverted
reach our surface waters through rainfall             from the structure and walls and roof
runoff.) The Leaching Index (LI) is a required        should be waterproof.
part of the nutrient management plan in some
areas of the state with surface water              3. Ensure proper calibration of application
impairments. The LI uses soils information            equipment to ensure uniform distribution of
and local climate data to assess the potential        material at planned rates.
hazard from leaching of nutrients. The results
of the LI analysis and recommended actions

NC-590-INORGANIC February 2009                                                         page 4
4. Records should be maintained for five                                                       NOTE: State laws or regulations may
   years, or for a period as required by other                                                 define record-keeping requirements for
   Federal, state, or local ordinances, or                                                     some operations.
   program or contract requirements. To
   ensure adequate information exists to                                            5. Ensure that workers are protected from
   support sound nutrient management,                                                  and avoid unnecessary contact with
   NRCS recommends the following records                                               inorganic fertilizers. Protection should
   be included:                                                                        include the use of protective clothing when
    Soil test results and recommendations                                             working with plant nutrients. Extra caution
       for nutrient application,                                                       must be taken when handling ammonia
    Quantities, analyses and sources of                                               sources of nutrients.
       nutrients applied (When the actual                                           6. The disposal of material generated by the
       rates used exceed the recommended                                               cleaning of nutrient application equipment
       and planned rates on inorganic                                                  should be accomplished properly and in
       fertilizer plans, records should indicate                                       accordance with applicable state and local
       the reasons for the differences, e.g.                                           guidelines. Excess material should be
       inability to acquire custom blended                                             collected and stored or field applied in an
       fertilizer.)                                                                    appropriate manner. Excess material
    Dates and method of nutrient                                                      should not be applied on areas of high
       applications,                                                                   potential risk for runoff or leaching.
    Crops planted, planting and harvest
       dates, yields, and crop residues
    Results of water, plant, and organic by-
       product analyses, and
    Dates of review and person performing
       the review, and recommendations that
       resulted from the review.


The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in its programs on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion,
age, disability, political beliefs, and marital or familial status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require
alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202)
720-2600 (voice and TDD).

To file a complaint, write the Secretary of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250, or call
1-800-245-6340 (voice) or (202) 720-1127 (TDD). USDA is an equal employment opportunity employer.

NC-590-INORGANIC February 2009                                                                                                            page 5

Shared By:
Jun Wang Jun Wang Dr
About Some of Those documents come from internet for research purpose,if you have the copyrights of one of them,tell me by mail you!