2009 | English The Broadcasting System _ Constitutional Mandate Since the mid-eighties there are The constitution of the Federal Repub- private broadcasting companies in the lic of Germany guarantees everyone Federal Republic coexisting alongside the right to inform themselves “freely the public broadcasting corporations from generally accessible sources”. It with their mandate to provide com- is the constitutionally based function prehensive broadcasting services. of the broadcasting media and of the other media to give the people free _ Under Public Control and ample opportunity to form their Adherence to the public program- own opinions. The “freedom of report- ming mandate is monitored in the ing by means of broadcasts” is a basic public broadcasting corporations by freedom written into the constitution. broadcasting councils. They consist of _ States Have representatives of the major organ- ized groups in society (e. g. labour, Parliamentary Jurisdiction industrial management, churches). Legislation is needed to implement They represent the interests of the this constitutional mandate. In the general public, i. e. of all the listeners Federal Republic the parliaments of and viewers. An administrative council the various states have general legis- monitors the conduct of business. lative jurisdiction with regard to the The day-to-day implementation media. Federal responsibility is limited of the programming mandate is the to the technical side of broadcast- responsibility of the public broad- ing (i. e. provision and management casting corporation employees. Each of the telecommunication systems). corporation is headed by a director National legislation (Bundestag) also (Intendant). regulates some areas of international broadcasting. _ Financed from License Fees _ Aim: Freedom The public broadcasting system is ﬁnanced by everyone (well, almost of the Broadcasting Media everyone) on the basis of monthly lis- Experience with media abuse in the tener/viewer license fees. The amount years prior to 1945, particularly during of the fees is determined by the state the Nazi period, motivated the deci- parliaments. The public broadcasting sion to make radio and television in organizations also take in some rev- West Germany independent of gov- enue from advertising and sponsoring, ernment and interest group inﬂuence. but this is a limited source of income. _ Founding of Independent _ The Core Element of the System: Broadcasting Corporations Public Broadcasting Corporations The states in West Germany, either The public broadcasting corporations individually or in groups, founded form the core element of the overall public-law institutions for the purpose broadcasting system in the Federal of producing and disseminating radio Republic. and television programmes. All of the The following are the public broad- broadcasting corporations established casting organizations under state law: by states or groups of states have the Bayerischer Rundfunk (BR), Hessischer same mission, i. e. to serve the public Rundfunk (HR), Mitteldeutscher Rund- as a whole with programmes provid- funk (MDR), Norddeutscher Rundfunk ing information, education and enter- (NDR), Radio Bremen, Rundfunk Berlin- tainment. Brandenburg (RBB), Saarländischer This model was applied to the new, Rundfunk (SR), Südwestrundfunk eastern states in 1991. (SWR), and Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln (WDR). ARD and its Members Deutsche Welle (DW) is a public Office of ARD Secretary General broadcasting corporation under Schiffbauerdamm 40 federal law. 10 117 Berlin Finally, there is a country-wide Telephone: +49-30-8 90 43 13 11 public television corporation: Zweites Telefax: +49-30-8 90 43 13 19 Deutsches Fernsehen (ZDF), jointly ARD Secretary General: founded by all of the states together. Verena Wiedemann Deutschlandradio as a corporation Press ofﬁce: Julia Niesert under the joint auspices of ARD and ZDF provides two nation-wide radio _ Internal Coordination, programmes. Joint Representation on the Outside _ Association of Ten Cooperation inside ARD is coordinated by commissions. The ZDF is represen- Public Broadcasting Corporations ted on some of them. Individual direc- With the exception of the ZDF, the tors or corporations have assumed public broadcasting corporations responsibility for some longer-term joined together to form the ARD for functions. the purpose of promoting their joint ARD is represented by appointed interests. individuals in dealings with insti- tutions such as the European Broad- casting Union (EBU). _ Separate Institutions for Joint Tasks ARD has created independent institu- tions for the purpose of carrying out SWR/Rafael Krötz certain joint tasks. ZDF is involved in some cases. The major instances are Degeto Film GmbH, responsible for the Peter Boudgoust, ARD chairman production and purchase of ﬁlms, the German National Broadcasting The ARD general meeting elects Archives (DRA), the Institut für Rund- a member organization for a term of funktechnik GmbH (IRT), responsible one year to assume responsibility for for research and development work, conducting the business of ARD. the Radio and Television Operations The director of the corporation re- Technology Company (RBT), responsi- sponsible for the conduct of business ble for testing and measurements, the in a given year is also ARD chairman. Training Centre ARD.ZDF medienaka- The ARD Secretary General in Berlin demie, and the Fee Collection Centre both supports the chairman and (GEZ). management, and ensures continuity in media policy during the rotation of ARD.ZDF medienakademie the chairmanship. gemeinnützige GmbH The public broadcasting corpora- Wallensteinstraße 121 tion currently responsible for the con- 90 431 Nürnberg duct of ARD business: Telephone: +49-9 11-9 61 90 Telefax +49-9 11-9 61 91 99 Südwestrundfunk (SWR) www.ard-zdf-medienakademie.de ARD chairman: Peter Boudgoust Neckarstraße 230 70 190 Stuttgart Telephone: +49-7 11-92 90 Telefax: +49-7 11-9 29 2600 Press ofﬁce: Harald Dietz Broadcasting Areas German National Institut für Rundfunktechnik Broadcasting Archives – DRA GmbH – IRT Bertramstraße 8 Floriansmühlstraße 60 60 320 Frankfurt 80 939 München Telephone: +49-69-15 68 70 Telephone: +49-89-32 39 90 Telefax: +49-69-15 68 71 00 Telefax: +49-89-32 39 93 51 Internet: www.dra.de Internet: www.irt.de Rundfunk-Betriebstechnik Degeto Film GmbH – RBT GmbH Wallensteinstraße 119 Am Steinernen Stock 1 90 431 Nürnberg 60 320 Frankfurt Telefon: +49-9 11-6 57 30 Telephone: +49-69-1 50 93 49 Telefax: +49-9 11 6 57 31 11 Telefax: +49-69-1 50 93 39 Internet: www.rbt-nbg.de ARD Members Bayerischer Telephone: +49-30-97 99 30 Rundfunk – BR Telefax: +49-30-9 79 93 19 Rundfunkplatz 1 Marlene-Dietrich-Allee 20 80 335 München 14 482 Potsdam Telephone: +49-89-59 00 01 Telephone: +49-3 31-97 99 30 Telefax: +49-89-59 00 23 75 Telefax: +49-3 31-9 79 93 19 Internet: www.br-online.de Internet: www.rbb-online.de Director: Thomas Gruber Director: Dagmar Reim Press ofﬁce: Rudi Küffner Press ofﬁce: Ralph Kotsch Hessischer Saarländischer Rundfunk – HR Rundfunk – SR 60 320 Frankfurt Funkhaus Halberg Telephone: +49-69-15 51 66 100 Saarbrücken Telefax: +49-69-1 55 29 00 Telephone: +49-6 81-60 20 Internet: www.hr-online.de Telefax: +49-6 81-6 02 38 74 Director: Helmut Reitze Internet: www.sr-online.de Press ofﬁce: Tobias Häuser Director: Fritz Raff Press ofﬁce: Peter Meyer Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk – MDR Südwestrundfunk Kantstraße 71 – 73 SWR 04 275 Leipzig Neckarstraße 230 Telephone: +49-3 41-30 00 70 190 Stuttgart Telefax: +49-3 41-3 00 67 89 Telephone: +49-7 11-92 90 Internet: www.mdr.de Telefax: +49-7 11-9 29 2600 Director: Udo Reiter Internet: www.SWR.de Head of Communications: Director: Peter Boudgoust Stefan Anton Mugrauer Press ofﬁce: Ariane Pﬁsterer Norddeutscher Westdeutscher Rundfunk – NDR Rundfunk Köln Rothenbaumchaussee 132 WDR 20 149 Hamburg Appellhofplatz 1 Telephone: +49-40-4 15 60 50 667 Köln Telefax: +49-40-44 76 02 Telephone: +49-2 21-22 00 Internet: www.ndr.de Telefax: +49-2 21-2 20 48 00 Director: Lutz Marmor Internet: www.WDR.de Press ofﬁce: Martin Gartzke Director: Monika Piel Press ofﬁce: Gudrun Hindersin Radio Bremen Deutsche Diepenau 10 Welle – DW 28 195 Bremen Kurt-Schumacher-Straße 3 Telephone: +49-4 21-24 60 53 113 Bonn Telefax: +49-4 21-24 64 12 00 Telephone: +49-2 28-42 90 Internet: www.radiobremen.de Telefax: +49-2 28-4 29 30 00 Director: Heinz Glässgen Internet: www.DW-WORLD.DE Press ofﬁce: Michael Glöckner Director-General: Erik Bettermann Press ofﬁce: Johannes Hoffmann Rundfunk Berlin- Brandenburg – RBB Masurenallee 8 – 14 14 057 Berlin Technology | Finances _ Transmitters, Satellites from news broadcasts to TV shows. and Cable Networks To record and produce outside the stu- In order to provide the entire popula- dio, mobile broadcasting units or vans tion of Germany with radio and tele- outﬁtted with audio/visual equipment vision, ARD and its members utilize all are necessary. the currently available broadcasting technology: closely connected net- works of “terrestrial” – that is, earth- _ Programmes Cost Money bound – transmitters, satellites and To produce radio and television pro- cable plus, on an ever increasing scale, grammes, and to transmit them ef- the Internet. ﬁciently, costs a great deal of money. Terrestrial transmission of radio Transmitters and studios have to be broadcasts is still largely analog (FM), built and maintained, transmission whereas for television and other lines have to be hired, and ﬁlm and modes of transmission, digital pro- recording tapes must be bought. Fea- cedures are used increasingly, such ture ﬁlms and transmission rights to as ASTRA Digital Radio (ADR), Digital such things as sporting events have Radio Mondiale (DRM), Digital Audio to be acquired, and copyrights must Broadcasting (DAB), and Digital Video be purchased. Last but not least, the Broadcasting (DVB). employees and freelancers have to be All radio channels and all TV chan- paid for their services. nels are transmitted additionally or mainly by satellite. The radio channels _ Programmes for Everyone, are primarily digital, the television Fees from Everyone channels are usually both analog or The public broadcasting corporations digital. Furthermore, ARD channels are receive most of the funding they re- fed into cable networks within and quire from their listeners and viewers: WDR/Herby Sachs WDR opened a new TV Broadcasting sometimes outside of their terres- Centre in Cologne. trial broadcasting areas. On Internet, mainly all those ARD radio channels that are broadcast in Real-Audio- with their license fees, members of Format or other special formats, can the public ﬁnance more than 80 per be heard. cent of the programming produced by _ Studios and ARD broadcasting organizations under state law (in 2008). Revenues from ad- Mobile Broadcasting Units vertising, co-productions, co-ﬁnancing, Broadcasting organizations require marketing of programmes etc. bring extensive studio facilities in order to in the rest. produce and transmit such a broad variety and scope of programmes – TV In the current year a total of € 17.98 _ TV Coordination Centre: per month in license fees must be Programme Directorate of paid: this consists of a basic fee of Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen € 5.76 and a TV fee of € 12.22 for every The individual broadcasting corpora- set subject to such fees. Of the total tions under state law contribute to the amount, the ARD broadcasting corpo- cooperative programme of ARD, Erstes rations under state law receive € 12.51. Deutsches Fernsehen, according to _ Cooperation and their ﬁnancial capacity. Programming is coordinated by a Revenue Equalization standing committee whose chairman Revenues from fees are lower of course is the programme director of Erstes in the smaller broadcasting areas than Deutsches Fernsehen. He is assisted in the larger ones. In order to be able by controllers for the various program- to provide the same standard and ming areas. variety of programming everywhere in All enquiries from abroad are Germany, the ARD member organiza- handled by the department of Inter- tions cooperate in a number of ways. national Relations. By means of a revenue equalization The standing committee is advised system, the ﬁnancially stronger ARD- by the Programmbeirat, the television members support the less-well-off advisory board, whose members are corporations. representatives of the monitoring DW receives subsidies from the councils of the individual broadcasting federal government. outlets. _ Administering Advertising Programme Directorate of Varying volumes of advertising are Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen broadcast on 33 ARD radio pro- Arnulfstraße 42 grammes and on the regional TV 80 335 München programmes. The total air time for Telephone: +49-89-59 00 01 TV commercials cannot be more than Telefax: +49-89-59 00 32 49 20 minutes per workday, averaged Internet: www.DasErste.de annually. Director: Volker Herres The ARD public broadcasting cor- Press Ofﬁce: Silvia Maric porations have established their own Director Department of Inter- independent companies to acquire national Relations: Andreas Weiss and carry out advertising contracts. These companies are all members of _ Common Infrastructure: the “ARD-Werbung”, an association ARD-aktuell, Capital Studio and of nine companies for public broad- Foreign Correspondent Network cast advertising. Their marketing and ARD has established a common news- service ﬁrm is the “ARD-Werbung centre operation, “ARD-aktuell”, at NDR SALES & SERVICES GmbH” (AS&S). in Hamburg. Its staff produces the three news broadcasts, “Tagesschau”, ARD-Werbung “Tagesthemen” and “Nachtmagazin”. SALES & SERVICES GmbH Other cooperative broadcasts are (AS&S) produced by individual outlets for all Bertramstraße 8 members. 60 320 Frankfurt The studio facilities in Germany’s Telefon +49-69-15 42 40 capital city Berlin are utilized by both Telefax +49-69-15 42 41 99 television and radio. They also share Internet: www.ard-werbung.de a network of foreign correspondents: this network of more than 100 corre- spondents in 30 places makes it one of the largest world wide. TV _ The Flagship: _ KI.KA and PHOENIX: Das Erste Two Special Channels Das Erste (First programme) offers a The ARD/ZDF children’s channel, KI.KA, wide variety of TV for all viewers. The broadcasts a programme without range extends from regular news and commercials for the youngest viewers. sport broadcasts to entertainment As a joint project, ARD and ZDF shows, various series, political maga- also operate PHOENIX, the current af- zine-type programmes, cultural broad- fairs and documentary channel. casts, TV plays, feature ﬁlms, family programmes, religious and musical KI.KA broadcasts. 99 081 Erfurt On workdays ARD and ZDF broad- Telephone +49-361-2 18 18 90 cast a “Morgenmagazin” and a “Mit- Telefax +49-361-2 18 18 48 tagsmagazin”. Internet: www.kika.de PHOENIX Langer Grabenweg 45 – 47 53 175 Bonn Telephone +49-2 28-9 58 40 NDR/Wolfgang Borrs Telefax +49-2 28-9 58 42 14 Internet: www.phoenix.de _ Cultural Programming: 3sat and ARTE “Anne Will”, talkshow in Das Erste The satellite cultural channel 3sat is on sunday nights. Anne Will (r.) in con- produced by ARD together with ZDF, versation with a guest. Austrian and Swiss television. The European cultural channel In the early evening hours on ARTE is another joint venture involv- workdays ARD offers a news pro- ing the ARD, along with ZDF and the gramme followed by two daily soaps French company ARTE France. and other series and shows of ARD’s own production. ARD-Koordination All told, ARD broadcasts 24 hours 3sat of television programming and a na- SWR Funkhaus Baden-Baden tion wide videotext programme daily Hans-Bredow-Straße on its main transmitter chain. 76 530 Baden-Baden Technically, ARD can reach almost Telephone +49-72 21-9 29 29 14 everyone in Germany. In fact, Das Erste Telefax +49-72 21-9 29 32 50 is watched by 38.4 per cent of all view- Internet: www.3sat.de ers every day. Average viewing time is 28 minutes a day, which represents ARTE G.E.I.E 13.4 per cent of each viewer’s total 4, Quai du Cha- television “consumption”. noine Winterer _ ARD Digital F 67 080 Strasbourg Cedex Telephone +33-3 88-14 22 22 ARD presents its own Telefax +33-3 88-14 22 00 programme package of Internet: www.arte-tv.com digital television. Included are all tv channels and radio programmes from ARD, as well as many interactive ser- vices. The joint TV channels EinsExtra, EinsFestival and EinsPlus can only be received digitally. TV | Radio _ Third Programmes: _ ARD-Radio: Information and Entertainment Cooperation and Common Programmes with a Regional Accent The ARD radio stations are involved in With seven Third programmes besides a lively exchange of programmes, they the nation-wide First programme, the cooperate on various coproductions ARD broadcasting corporations dem- and they produce three common night onstrate their regional competence. time programmes, which they take These programmes – Bayerisches turns in producing. Fernsehen, hr-fernsehen, MDR FERNSE- HEN, NDR Fernsehen (from NDR and Radio Bremen), rbb Fernsehen, SWR-/ SR-Fernsehen and WDR Fernsehen – total 24 hours a day. A signiﬁcant element in some of these programmes is the fact that Radio Bremen they have their own news broadcasts. Regional information and entertain- ment programmes are broadcast, An episode of “ARD Radio Tatort”, along with educational programmes produced by Radio Bremen and music, cultural and science pro- grammes, documentaries, feature ﬁlms, series, game shows and talk In addition, some of the ARD radio shows. stations produce programmes in dif- _ Important Cooperation ferent languages and in German for foreigners living in Germany which are Cooperation also plays a major role carried by other regional stations. WDR in the Third programmes: all of the Funkhaus Europa (WDR/Radio Bremen) outlets are able to expand their pro- provides special broadcasts for foreign- grammes selection through access to ers living in the broadcast areas from a common “programme pool”. WDR, Radio Bremen and RBB. Technically, the Third programmes Apart from that each organization reach virtually all of the population offers its listeners its own program- within their broadcast areas. Almost ming: four or more programmes per all of them are broadcast by satellite broadcast area. and can be seen in other regions, too. There are additional channels via They account for 13.2 per cent of DAB like Bayern Mobil (BR), MDR KLAS- the average viewing. At least 37.6 per SIK, SWR cont.ra, WDR 2 Klassik, and cent of all viewers tune into them the WDR trafﬁc channel VERA. The chil- once a day. dren’s channel Kiraka.de or 1LIVE Kunst BR broadcasts not only its Third on WDR are solely web channels. programme but also BR-alpha, an edu- All told, ARD’s radio programmes cational channel. reach 50.2 per cent of all persons every day, and account for 57.1 per cent of all radio use – 101 minutes a day. _ Music and Information The popular stations Bayern 1, hr1, Antenne Brandenburg and radioBER- LIN 88,8 (RBB), Bremen Eins, and SWR1 all broadcast information, entertain- MDR\Berger ment and music. Advice and request programmes are part of the package, as are political reports, commentaries “MDR aktuell”, a regional news magazine in MDR FERNSEHEN Radio | DW and magazine-style broadcasts, all _ For Young People aimed at the broadest possible range YOU FM (HR), MDR SPUTNIK, N-JOY of listeners. (NDR), Bremen Vier, Fritz (RBB), 103.7 _ Cultural Programmes UnserDing (SR), DASDING (SWR), and 1LIVE (WDR) broadcast the latest The cultural programmes hr2-kultur, rock, hiphop, new beat and electronic MDR FIGARO, NDR Kultur, Nordwestra- sounds, catering particulary for young dio (Radio Bremen/NDR), Kulturradio listeners. In addition they offer inter- (RBB), SR 2 KulturRadio, SWR2, and active radio with listening audience WDR 3 broadcast programmes de- phone-ins and discussions, short re- signed for listener groups with special ports and “radio comics”. interests. These outlets provide radio plays, features and readings, and Rob Green presenting the “YOU broadcast on literature, science and FM Roadshow” (HR), a programme for politics. The musical spectrum reaches young people from symphonies to jazz. The all-music station Bayern 4 Klassik offers only “serious” music. _ Spoken Word Stations Bayern 2, antenne saar (SR), SWR HR/ Sascha Rheker cont.ra, and WDR 5 mainly broadcast the spoken word. The spectrum ranges from radio plays and readings to infor- mation and also includes school and children’s radio. _ Easy Listening B5 aktuell, hr-info, MDR INFO, Info- Popular “rockfree” music, from easy radio (RBB), and NDR Info – during the listening hits to dance music and day – offer news and wire service in- operettas, as well as entertaining and formation, short reports, commentar- informative short reports and com- ies and interviews, updating it every 15 mentaries are featured on hr4 and or 20 minutes. WDR 4. “SWR1 Hitparade”: Thomas Schmidt (l.) _ Regional Programmes and Patrick Neelmeier The broadcasting facilities of each state offer regional entertainment and information programmes particularly on Bayern 1, hr4, MDR 1, NDR 1, Bremen Eins, radioBerlin 88,8 (RBB), Antenne Brandenburg (RBB), SR 3 Saarlandwelle, SWR4, and WDR 2. _ DW: SWR/Kluge Radio and TV for the World _ Pop, Service & Information As Germany’s international broad- caster, DW produces programmes for Bayern 3, hr 3, JUMP (MDR), NDR 2, all ﬁve continents. DW-RADIO broad- Radioeins (RBB), SR 1 Europawelle, casts via short wave, satellite and SWR3, and WDR 2 all aim at a younger Internet in 30 languages. DW-RADIO’s – or young-at-heart – audience, with English and German programme is of- short reports and commentaries, tips fered 24 hours a day. and information, as well as pop music. DW-TV has a global reach and There are also newscasts on the hour, offers daily news, magazines and along with trafﬁc reports. Deutschlandradio | Online features in German, English, Spanish sponsors on the homepages, contrary to and Arabic via satellite in a 24-hour the usual commercialised environment coverage. of the web. With its serious, quality con- tents, ARD leads the way. All subjects and offers provided by ARD on the Internet can be accessed at www.ARD.de. This also includes the ARD media library with the recall data of radio and TV. For licence fee payers, this is DLR/Jonas Maron a deﬁnite plus. ARD’s Internet pages also serve as platforms for communications offers to users. ARD.de combines in a single location the wide variety of offers from member channels and stations, “Radio Tobi”, a radio play for kids in and provides information on current pro- Deutschlandradio Kultur grammes as well as on events and issues _ Deutschlandradio _ from all over the world. In the category “Fernsehen” (TV), Culture and Information DasErste.de provides information on Deutschlandradio broadcasts country- programme listings and featured per- wide 24 hours a day from two stations, one in Berlin and one in Cologne. Both _ sonalities of the First Programme. Under “Nachrichten” (news), stations concentrate on news and cul- tagesschau.de – which draws upon in- tural programming. formation from ARD radio and TV and from ARD’s international network of Deutschlandradio correspondents – reports on national, Raderberggürtel 40 international and regional events even 50 968 Köln more quickly than the “Tagesschau” Telephone: +49-2 21-34 50 Internet: www.dradio.de _ news programme. In the category “Börse” (stock ex- Director: Willi Steul change), boerse.ARD.de brings you the Press ofﬁce: latest and most important develop- Dietmar Boettcher ments in the ﬁnancial world, based on _ Online: radio and television reports from the Orientation in the Net _ stock exchange. Under “Sport”, sport.ARD.de provides On Internet, ARD presents programme- news, background information and re- related features that inform, educate, ports, as well as pictures and multime- advise and entertain visitors. In provid- dia features from the world of sports. ing these pages, freely accessible and ARD-Online-Koordination is open to everyone, ARD helps all citizens located at the SWR ofﬁces in Mainz. become part of the “knowledge society”. And there are no advertisements or ARD.de 2009 | English ARD is the abbreviation for “Arbeits- channel broadcast via satellite, in gemeinschaft der öffentlich-recht- which the ARD is involved, the Euro- lichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundes- pean cultural channel ARTE, and the republik Deutschland”. This translates programme package of digital televi- as the “Association of Public Broad- sion, ARD Digital. casting Corporations in the Federal Radio programming consists pri- Republic of Germany”. marily of the stations operated by the ARD consists of nine independent individual broadcasting corporations broadcasting corporations under state under state law. These stations serve law. Their joint task, by law, is to pro- a given state or broadcast region and vide radio and television to the public cater for the needs of speciﬁc target in the Federal Republic of Germany. and age groups. Some broadcasting The tenth member of ARD is the corporations also have “regional win- international broadcasting service dow stations”. Deutsche Welle. Deutschlandradio (German Radio) _ Radio and TV: Broad Selection for offers two nation-wide radio pro- grammes. Listeners, Viewers and Users Radio and TV programmes as well The programming provided by ARD as a multimedia Internet portal are and its member corporations covers produced for the entire world by Deut- a wide range of listener and viewer sche Welle. interests. In keeping with its mandate 2008, around 43.1 million radios under law, this includes news, educa- and 36.9 million TV sets were regist- tion, culture and entertainment, tak- ered in Germany. Listeners and view- ing into account majority and minor- ers anywhere in this area can choose ity interests. The stations in question from among at least four ARD radio broadcast regionally, nationally and outlets and at least eight TV channels internationally, as the case may be. by ARD or joint projects. Via cable or Television programming includes satellite the choice is much greater. regional focusses on the Third Pro- As a complement to their radio grammes, and general programming and television broadcasts, ARD, its on Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen. member stations and Deutschland- In addition to this, there is the radio present their own Internet pages children’s channel, KI.KA, and the cur- on news, education and entertain- rent affairs and documentary channel, ment, which refer back to the contents PHOENIX, (broadcasting responsibil- of programmes. Services are also a ity shared with ZDF), 3sat, a cultural major component of these pages. IMPRINT _ publishers _ date of publishing The press ofﬁces of the ARD member broad- casting corporations and the programme _ 12. 3. 2009 detailed information on the ard _ directorate of Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen. editors Consult the ARD Yearbook 08 or ARD-online (www.ARD.de). Gudrun Augustin, Jutta Weismüller, DRA, In addition, the ARD guidelines 2009/2010 _ Frankfurt. cover and the ARD report concerning the fulﬁll- ment of its assignment 2007/2008 are Julia Eichhorn and Ludmilla Schmidt, available for recall at ARD.de/intern. _ Saarbrücken. composition, lithography, graphics The Yearbook is available in bookstores for the price of € 9.00 (isbn 978-3-8329-4022-5). _ Dinges & Frick GmbH, Wiesbaden. production Dinges & Frick, Wiesbaden.