Crafting Supplier Quality Agreements That Work

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					    AAAE2 International Conference:

Agricultural Growth, Poverty Reduction and
MDGs in Africa- Regional and International
            Initiatives in Africa:
                 FANRPAN

        21 August 2007, Accra Ghana

          Lindiwe Majele Sibanda
          lmsibanda@fanrpan.org
Outline of Presentation

   Africa sets Development Targets
   Challenges Facing Southern Africa
   The Need for Networks
   FANRPAN 1997-2007
   FANRPAN 2007-2015
   The Missing Link
   Take Home Message
FANRPAN created in 1997, registered in 2002

   To promote appropriate agricultural and natural resources policy in order to
    reduce poverty, increase food security and enhance sustainable agricultural
    development in the SADC region.

   Focus:
     Improving policy research, analysis and formulation on key SADC
      priority themes
     Developing human and institutional capacity for coordinated policy
      dialogue among all stakeholders
     Improving policy decision making by enhancing the generation,
      exchange and use of policy-related information

   Members: Farmers, Government, Researchers, Private sector in 12
    southern African countries
Living in Interesting Times(1): 70s-80-90s




  SCRABBLE 70s-90s– war of words in the
  colonies- Political Liberation
Living in Interesting Times(2): 90s-2000




SNAKES AND LADDERS 90s-early 2000s- yo-yo games,
ESAPs
Living in Interesting Times (3): 2000-2015




SUDOKU- towards 2015, Business of numbers
Africans driving an African agenda- NEPAD CAADP
Donors -Paris Declaration support African led initiatives
    AFRICA sets TARGETS-OVIs (Objective Verifiable
    Indictors)

Continental Commitments
      MDGs –vision 2015

      NEPAD CAADP- 6% annual growth and 10% national budget for
       agriculture

      Regional Economic Communities Activated

      SADC timetable -Free Trade Area-2008, Customs Union- 2010
       Common Market by 2015

      COMESA’s Agricultural Plan

      2006, Abuja Declaration from 8 to 50kg fertilizer/ha
The Business of Policy Analysis


   SUPPLIER- ECONOMISTS / SOCIO-ECONOMISTS?????

   CLIENT-Policy Maker, Connector, Farmer????

   WHO USES YOUR PRODUCTS?

   WHAT ARE YOU DOING ABOUT CUSTOMER CARE?
Stakeholders in Policy-Making

    Stakeholders are “those who must be satisfied with
    the policies or those who gain or lose something from
    a given policy”.

   Policy makers
   Legal professionals and politicians, farmer
    organizations
   Researchers, technicians, policy analysts and media
    professionals, agri-business
   Activist groups , Ordinary citizens
   People with experience, influence and expertise
A Practical Framework

External Influences                           political context
                               Politics and
   Campaigning,                Policymaking
                                                                        Policy analysis, &
   Lobbying
                                                                        research



                  Media,
                  Advocacy,
 Scientific       Networking                           Research,
 information                                           learning &
 exchange &                                            thinking
 validation
               links                                            evidence

                   Source: The Rapid Framework. Research and Policy in Development Programme Briefing Paper
                   No1, October 2004
Policy Processes

                                                  Cabinet
   Donors                         Policy
                               Formulation

                   Agenda                                        Parliament
                   Setting
                                                 Decision
                                                 Making
Civil Society


                   Monitoring and                             Ministries
                    Evaluation              Policy
                                        Implementation
         Private
         Sector
                                                 Source: John Young, Networking for impact.
                                                 Experience from CTA supported regional
                                                 agricultural policy networks, 2007
Factors influencing policy making

                       Experience &
                         Expertise
             Pragmatics &
             Contingencies          Judgement


           Lobbyists &
            Pressure
                           Evidence
             Groups                                   Resources


               Habits &          Values and
               Tradition           Policy
                                  Context


                            Source: Phil Davies Impact to Insight Meeting, ODI, 2005
    Southern Africa- a challenging environment
   The dual mandate-poverty reduction and economic growth

   Dual economy- smallholder and large scale farmers

   Weak Private sector (farmers and agribusiness)

   Suspicion and antagonism between the state and non state
    actors

   Disparity in economic status between countries

   Trade liberalization and social protection

   Unsustainable use and inequitable access to natural resources
    Southern African Research and Networking
    Environment
    Renewed opportunities for strengthening agricultural policy
    formation

   African Economic Research Consortium (AERC)
   Southern Africa Trade Policy Research Network (SATPRN)
   Southern Africa Regional Poverty Network (SARPN)
   Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET)
   The Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support Systems (Re-
    SAKSS)
   Regional networks on natural resources conservation and commodities:
    Southern Africa Root Crops Research Network (SARRNET) and the
    Soil Fertility Network, WATERNET
   FANRPAN-2002
   African Association of Agricultural Economists-2004
   SADC-MAPP (2007)
Challenges/Gaps in policy processes

   The translation of academic research into policy
    analysis, recommendations leading to adoption is a
    critical weakness

   Various stakeholders want to contribute to this
    process- the HOW is a challenge

  The need for capacity building is mandatory and
   not an option:
Strengthening the DEMAND SIDE & SUPPLY SIDE
The niche for FANRPAN

   Linking the Policy SUPPLY to the DEMAND side
    (business unusual-as backgrounds are diverse)

   Partnerships for stakeholders on a journey-avoid
    extractive engagements

   FANRPAN- an all inclusive dialogue platform that
    brings government, policy analysts, farmers and
    private sector to work together in policy development

   Regional Approach allows learning between countries
FANRPAN 2007-2015 Strategic Plan

   VISION
       A food secure southern Africa free from hunger and poverty

   MISSION
       WHAT-To promote evidence based policy development in the
        Food Agriculture and Natural Resources sector

   HOW
       facilitating linkages and partnerships between government and
        civil society
       building the capacity for policy analysis and policy dialogue in
        southern Africa
Institutionalizing FANRPAN as a Recognized Source of
Research-Based Policy Analysis for Agriculture and
Natural Resources in Southern Africa
   Strengths
       Access to policy makers (Ministers, Permanent Secretaries in key
        policy-making ministries, and parliamentarians)

       Network of researchers (universities, government and private sector
        analysts)--can mobilize research teams for regional projects

       Strong links to advocacy NGOs at national and regional levels

       Links to regional and sub-regional institutions--SADC, COMESA,
        FARA, NEPAD

       International linkages--CGIAR centers, Universities USA and Europe
        and Networks in other Regions, donors
FANRPAN's Policy Research
   Position the Network to be a recognized and pre-
    eminent supplier of evidence to support to agricultural
    policy change processes in southern Africa

   The success of FANRPAN depends on the quality of
    its technical analysis

   The quality depends on the strength of the national
    nodes, capacity building programmes, and
    partnerships

   Partnership agreements 17 partnership agreement
    with some 17 regional and international organisations
    comprising of CGIARs, Universities Regional
    economic communities and private sector
FANRPAN Strategic Thrust 2007-2015



   Capacity Building

   Policy Research

   Voice
Policy Dialogues-Voice strategy

   POLICY DIALOGUES dissemination of relevant policy
    information and soliciting inputs from stakeholders

   Policy Dialogues incorporate new actors an innovative
    systems approach that promotes interactions between
    research, knowledge use and policy development; civil
    society playing a pivotal role as a connector

   Regional Dialogues attract senior policy makers

   National Dialogues hosted by CSOs
Strategic OBJECTIVES

   Promoting regional economic integration
    - CAADP Pillars 1, 2, 3, 4

   Positioning southern Africa for a competitive
    international trade environment - CAADP Pillar 2

   Creating a conducive agricultural policy environment
    for reducing poverty and vulnerability - CAADP Pillar 3

   Promoting Technology adoption, innovation and
    adaptation - CAADP Pillar 4
Programming Areas & Level of Engagement



        Programming Areas
    1.     Food Systems
    2.     Agricultural Systems
    3.     Natural Resources and Environment


        Engagement in Full Policy Cycle
         from collection and generation of data and
         information, analysis, dialogue, implementation,
         monitoring and evaluation of outcomes.
                                                        12 FANRPAN Country Nodes

      Angola; Botswana; Lesotho; Malawi; Mauritius; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe


                                                         FANRPAN Board of Governors

                             SADC; COMESA; Government; Farmer Organization; Private Sector; Policy Analyst


                                                                                                       Secretariat
                                CEO



     Voice Director                           Policy Advocacy Director


                         Administrator

                        Finance Officer

                  Programme Administrator

                      Programme Assistant




   Director                 Director                        Director                                 Programme Staff

Food Systems           Agricultural Systems           Natural Resources

 Programme                 Programme                       Programme
  Assistant                 Assistant                       Assistant


 GECAFS                HIV & AIDS                         Water                                      Project Staff
 Biosafety                                                 Land
     What does it take to achieve Development Targets
1.    RETOOLING- for RELEVANCE Capacitating specific
      stakeholder groups to influence policies (economic analysis,
      policy analysis, policy advisors and policy advocates)

2.    SMART PARTNERSHIPS – for Capacity building and linking
      the message to the messengers – understanding role existing
      institutions, crafting new ones

3.    Strengthening Voice platforms- ride on African oral culture

4.    Africans setting national and regional targets linked to MGDs
      and CAADP

5.    Monitoring and communicating the Impact of what we do
TAKE HOME MESSAGE

   Research is a learning process

   Define the business relationship (supplier vs.
    customer)

   Cultivate and promote interactions between research,
    knowledge use and policy development - Innovation
    Systems Approach

   Civil society plays a pivotal role as a connector

   Measuring and communicating our achievements and
    failures to stakeholders brings credibility
THANK YOU

FANRPAN is most grateful to:

     AAAE for the invitation to share our vision
     Funding provided by DFID and USAID to
      Participate at this meeting

     FANRPAN Website: www.fanrpan.org



DFID       Department for
           International
           Development

				
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