Market Research Report on Water Treatment Plant - PowerPoint by qcr12541

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									Clatrhrate Desalination Technology




      Inventor’s name: Tretyakov K.
      Telephone: +38 050 4525530
     E-mail: tretyakov_k@rambler.ru
      Yuzhnoye State Design Office
          City: Dnepropetrovsk



                Confidential          1
           Proprietary information statement



• The slides contain confidential and proprietary
  information for use in patenting the technology.

• The technology material presented is available for
  licensing or joint product development.




                         Confidential                  2
Problem Description & Market Need

 World needs for fresh water grow.
 In the market energy saving, universal
  and inexpensive desalination
  technologies are necessary.
 Throughout the world 26 countries feel
  deficiency of fresh water, in 13 countries
  it is sharp.1



                Confidential                   3
                                                             U
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                                                                                          200
                                                                                          400
                                                                                          600
                                                                                          800
                                                                                         1000
                                                                                         1200
                                                                                         1400
                                                                                         1600
                                                                                         1800
                                                                                         2000




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                                                                          D Eg o
                                                                           e y
                                                                        Zi nm pt
                                                                      So mb ar
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                                                                           h w
                                                                                                                 m3/(yearperson)




                                                                          Le Afri e
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               Necessary minimum - 1700 m3/(yearperson)

                                                                             p p
                                                                           Be ubl
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                                                                            Po ium
                                                                     Bu         la
                                                                        rk Ma nd
                                                                          in la
                                                                            a w
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                                                                             hi o
                                                                                                Distribution of renewable fresh water resources,




                                                                                op
4




                                                                                    ia
      Existing water-desalinating capacities
                m3/(yearperson)

350

300

250

200

150

100

50

 0
      United Arab   Kuwait     Saudi Arabia   Libyan Arab   Oman
       Emirates                               Jamahiriya


                             Confidential                          5
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                                               1000
                                               1200
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                                               1600
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                                   E co
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                                                               m3/(yearperson)




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                             rk al d
                                                      Demanded water-desalinating capacities




                               in aw
                                  a
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                                          so
6
       Technical Merits
• Expenses of the electric power less than 100 J/kg
  per a product.
• Tolerance to the dissolved substance level in
  initial sea water or wastewater.
• Cost of the freshened water at level 1.5-3 $/m3.
• High quality of the freshened water.




                      Confidential              7
               Technology Description
• Initial sea water moves to a bottom part of the apparatus where it is
  agitated with the special agent under action of ultrasound. Thus the
  hot ice (clathrate) is formed.

• The formed suspension is moved by a pump in the evaporator of a
  freezing machine which is located inside of the apparatus and in
  which heat leaves, evolved in reaction.

• Hot ice crystals are separated from suspension on the filter located
  above the evaporator, and move upwards for washing.

• Cooled water moves in a crystallizing tank.

• Hot ice crystals are melted in a melter-condenser and fresh water
  is separated from special agent and it is transported to consumer.

                              Confidential                         8
               Advantages


• Conditions for carrying out this process
  are approximated to normal ones
  (pressure not above 3 atm. and
  temperature in the range from 0 to 30С).
• Simple hardware equipment.
• Water with the small contents of heavy
  isotopes Н2,H3 and O18.


                  Confidential           9
                    Advantages
• Low energy consumption on desalting of high salty
  water without its preliminary treatment.




                       Confidential                   10
                 Experimental Results
• Energy consumption on producing of 1 kg of
  desalinated water depending on the degree of
  extraction of fresh water from an initial brine and its
  salinity




                          Confidential                      11
               Stage of Development
 The pilot unit is developed.
 Properties of the clathrate are investigated.




                          Confidential            12
       Next Steps for Development



 Development of the commercial plant concept
  and patenting in the USA by the results of
  works performed (STCU project 3515).
 Search of the partner in the USA together
  with the collaborator.
 Development of the commercial plant (for
  example, IPP project).

                    Confidential            13
                   Development Costs 2
•   Demonstration plant at any
    location to produce 36,000
    gallons/day [136 m3/day] or 40
    acre-feet/year [49300 m3/year] if
                                                $60,000
    operated continuously

•   Commercial plant at unspecified
    location to produce 3.6 million
    gallons/day [13600 m3/day] or
    4,000 acre-feet/year [4.93 million          $1,432,000
    m3/year]

•   Commercial .plant at unspecified
    location to produce 7.2 million
    gallons/day [27300 m3/day] or
    8,000 acre-feet/year [9.87 million
    m3 /year]                                   $2,303,000


                                 Confidential                14
           Commercial Potential


  The general world market of
       fresh water makes
  500 billion $ per year.

Nearby 1 billion persons in the world require
                 potable water.

                    Confidential                15
                                                0,2
                                                      0,4
                                                            0,6
                                                                  0,8
                                                                            1,2




                                            0
                                                                        1
                                  Kuwait
                 United Arab Emirates
                          Saudi Arabia
                                 Jordan
               Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
                                 Yemen
                                  Oman
                                Tunisia
                                   Israel
                                Algeria
                                                                                     Tunisia, Algeria, Jordan.




                                Burundi
                                Rwanda
                                 Kenya




Confidential
                               Morocco
                                  Egypt
                              Denmark
                             Zimbabwe
                           South Africa
                                                                                                                                                  Commercial Potential




                               Lebanon
                                   Haiti
                            Korea, Rep
                       Czech Republic
                               Belgium
                                                                                     Denmark, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,




                                 Poland
16




                                 Malawi
                                                                                  10 countries: UAE (Commercial Potential = 1), Kuwait, Israel,




                          Burkina Faso
        Targeted Market Segment


  Commercial product is a potable water.



 Potable water now in the countries without
  deficiency of fresh water is on sale at the
  price of from 50 up to 200 $ per 1m3.
 The commercial price of the water produced
  by our technology is no more 5 $ per 1m3.


                    Confidential                17
                         Competitors
    Company                                  Headquarters
•   American Engineering Services            USA
•   Anglian Water PLC                        United Kingdom
•   Ansaldo SPA                              Italy
•   Aqua Chem, Inc.                          USA
•   Aqua Design (Ionics)                     USA
•   ASI                                      USA
•   Cayman Water Company, Ltd.               British West Indies
•   Culligan Water Technologies, Inc.        USA
•   Degremont SA (now Suez)                  France
•   Dow Chemical Company (FilmTec)           USA
•   E.I. Dupont De Nemours and Company       USA
•   Fluid Systems                            USA
•   Ham RO Systems, Inc.                     USA
•   Hydranautics, Inc.                       USA
•   Hydropure, Inc.                          USA
•   Ionics, Inc.                             USA
•   Israel Desalination Engineers            USA
                              Confidential                         18
                     Competitors
Company                                   Headquarters
•   Lyonnaise Des Eaux-Dumez (now Suez)   France
•   Mechanical Equipment Co.              USA
•   Memtec America                        USA
•   Osmonics                              USA
•   Polymetrics Seawater Systems          USA
•   Source, Inc.                          USA
•   Suez (Ondeo)                          France
•   Trisep Corp.                          USA
•   United Water Resources (Suez)         USA (France)
•   US Filter (now owned by Vivendi)      USA (France)
•   US Water (Suez)                       USA (France)
•   Vivendi Environnement                 France
•   Water Equipment Technology            USA
•   The Weir Group PLC                    Scotland

                          Confidential                   19
  The technological competitor

• Richard A. McCormack. (Ramco, Inc., San
  Diego, Calif.).
• Michael D. Max. (Marine Desalination
  Systems, L.L.C., Washington, DC). 3




                  Confidential              20
                          Competitive Matrix
  Important product or technology            Clathrate     Reverse    Distillation
          characteristics
                                                           Osmosis

  Energy consumption, kJ/kg fresh                <100       <100         >300
                 water
     (initial water – 2 % NaCl)
Energy consumption on producing of            depends      depends     depends
desalinated water depending on initial
                                              weakly       strongly    weakly
            brine salinity
     Preliminary water treatment            not required   required   not required
Salt content in water produced, g/liter         1—3          <1            0

Content of heavy isotopes Н2, H3 and           reduced     without      reduced
                O18
                                                           changes



                                          Confidential                          21
                      References
1.   James E. Miller. Review of Water Resources and Desalination
     Technologies. SAND REPORT 2003-0800. Unlimited Release.
     Printed March 2003
2.   Richard A. McCormack. Clathrate desalination plant preliminary
     research study. Water Treatment Technology Program Report No. 5
     June 1995
3.   Patent 6,158,239 USA. Desalination through gas hydrate/ Michael
     D. Max, Dec. 12, 2000




                             Confidential                          22

								
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