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Coping evacuation

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 15

									Coping with the Stress
of Emergency Evacuation
Introduction

This presentation is intended:

• For individuals and families evacuated from
  a disaster, armed conflict and political
  unrest.
• To provide information about emotional
  reactions and ways of coping.

  Recognizing and handling stress properly
  can help you meet the challenges of
  evacuation and repatriation and regain your
  sense of control and security
Emotional
Impact

 • No one who lives through a disaster or
   violent event is untouched by the
   experience.

 • Most reactions are normal reactions that
   most people experience after emergency
   evacuation and rapid repatriation.
Common
Emotional Reactions
   There are many different ways that people
   react. Some of the more emergency
   repatriation include:

  •   Recurring dreams or nightmares about the
      situation;
  •   Trouble concentrating or remembering things;
  •   Feeling numb, withdrawn or disconnected;
  •   Having bursts of anger or intense irritability;
  •   Persistent physical symptoms (headaches,
      digestive problems, muscle tension, etc.);
  •   Being overprotective of your family’s safety;
  •   Avoiding reminders of the conflict;
  •   Being tearful or crying for no apparent
      reason.
Typical Repatriation
Reactions

 • May have a strong need to discuss or
   not discuss what you did and saw;

 • May be uncomfortable with others
   asking you to share details of your
   experience;

 • May change outlook on priorities in
   life.
Managing
Stress & Anxiety
  Here are some useful suggestions for coping
  with the stress and anxiety:

• Limit your exposure to graphic news stories
  and photos of the event;
• Get accurate, timely information from
  credible sources;
• Seek out and follow the experts’ advice;
• Try to maintain your normal daily routine,
  especially with regard to eating and sleeping
  schedules;
• Stay busy- physically and mentally.
Stress Management


   Get enough sleep;
   Exercise;
   Eat a balanced diet;
   Balance work, play, and rest;
   Allow yourself to receive as well as
    give;
   Connect with others;
   Use spiritual resources.
Stress Management


  If you are having difficulty with:
    • Residual emotional distress related to the
      conflict or repatriation;
    • Reintegration into the home and family;
    • Reintegration into the workplace;
    • Substance abuse;
    • Health problems;
        …please reach out for assistance.


                                                   8
What Helps

 • Talking to others;
 • Engaging in positive distracting activities
   (sports, hobbies, reading);
 • Getting adequate rest and eating healthy
   meals;
 • Using relaxation methods (breathing
   exercises, meditation, calming self-talk);
 • Exercising in moderation;
 • Keeping a journal;
 • Seeking counseling.
What Doesn’t Help


 •   Using drugs or alcohol to cope;
 •   Withdrawing from friends or family;
 •   Overeating or failing to eat;
 •   Withdrawing from pleasant activities;
 •   Working too much;
 •   Anger or violence;
                            (continued)
What Doesn’t Help
(continued)



     • Doing risky things;
     • Blaming others;
     • Extreme avoidance of thinking or talking
       about the conflict;
     • Not taking care of yourself;
     • Excessive TV or computer games.
Conclusion


 If you or someone that you know is
 having an acute emotional reaction that
 does not subside over the period of a
 few days, it may be best to seek the
 assistance of a medical or mental health
 professional.
Conclusion     (continued)




 • Crisis counseling services are available in
   many regions to help you and your loved
   ones cope with the emotional challenges of
   emergency evacuation and repatriation. To
   learn more about these services please
   visit:
   http://www.disastermentalhelathnj.com
 • You can learn more about psychological
   support services by phone, toll free at
             (877) 294-HELP [4357]
              TTY: (877) 294-4356
          For More Information

            New Jersey Division of Mental Health Services
            Disaster & Terrorism Branch

            Disaster Mental Health
            Help Line    877-294-HELP
            Office Tel   609-984-2767


            Web                  www.disastermentalhealthnj.com
            E-mail               mhsttag@dhs.state.nj.us




division of mental health services
disaster & terrorism branch                                       14
Coping with the Stress
of Emergency Evacuation
                          Thank You!

								
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