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CPP Review Emergency Planning

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					CPP Exam Preparation
Emergency Management
Exam Overview:
 6% of exam is based on the “emergency
  management” subject area.
 Tests knowledge of implementation, plan
  development, and types of emergencies.
 Exam reference publications:
   –   Emergency Planning Handbook
   –   Handbook of Loss Prevention & Crime Prevention
   –   Protection of Assets Manual ( Chap. 10, 13, 18, 22, 26)
   –   Introduction to Security
Plan Development
Primary Considerations
Why Emergency Planning ?
 3 Primary Goals :
   – Protection Of Lives
   – Protection Of Property
   – Restoration Of Operations
 “Be Prepared” -- Consider probabilities of
  each type of disaster occurring.
 Government & industry must share burden
  of protecting public.
Threat Scenarios
 Most serious industrial hazards :
  – Fire
  – Explosion
 Most common emergencies :
  – Fire
  – Bomb threat
  – Labor dispute
Stages of Emergency Planning

 Anticipate Emergency
 Provide for Responsive Action
 Return to Normal Operations
Planning Basics
 Emergency plans should be in writing
 Follow KISS principle -- provide specific &
  precise actions
 No new organizations created!
 Identify who can declare emergency
 Identify the Emergency Coordinator
 Ensure continuity of leadership
Planning Basics
 Basic plan has 3 essential elements:
  – Authority
  – Types of emergencies
  – Execution
 Outline plant shutdown procedures
 Evacuation routes must remain consistent
  for all threats
 Test plan annually -- brief every employee!
Advanced Planning
 Mutual Aid Association
  – Cooperative organization of industrial, business
    and local government emergency services,
    united by a voluntary agreement to assist each
    other during an emergency.
  – Identifies pooled community resources
  – Provides for standardized equipment & training
  – Requires substantial funding
Advanced Planning
 Create an Emergency Command Center :
  – Maps/Procedure charts/Call-up lists/MAA’s
  – Back-up power and communications gear
  – Disaster response and medical gear
 Identify PR person to coordinate media
 EDP backup sites-- hot, warm, cold
 Preserve vital records (2%) -- bylaws, board
  minutes, stock transactions, financial data
Types of Emergencies

 Natural and Man-Made
Natural Disasters
 Tornadoes
  – 5 classifications based on wind speeds (F1-F5)
    of 200-400 mph. Ground speeds of 30-70 mph.
  – Width up to a mile. Travel up to 30 miles.
  – “ Tornado Watch” : tornado expected
  – “ Tornado Warning” : tornado sighted in area
 Thunderstorms
  – “Severe” : heavy rain, hail, & winds > 50 mph
  – “Severe watch” : projected winds > 75 mph
Natural Disasters
 Floods
   – “Flash flood watch” : flooding is possible
   – “Flash flood warning” : flooding is about to
     occur
 Hurricanes (heavy rains w/ winds >74 mph)
  – 5 categories based on wind speeds
  – “Watch” : expected within 36 hours
  – “Warning” expected within 24 hours
 Natural Disasters
 Snow storm
   – “Heavy snow warning” : 4”/12 hrs or 6”/24 hrs
   – “Severe blizzard warning” : >45mph winds &
     <10 F temperature (blizzard is >35 mph winds)
 Earthquakes
  – Unpredictable. Can last as long as 5 minutes.
  – If inside -- stay there. Seek cover under heavy
    furniture in the center of the building .
  – “TSUNAMI” are tidal waves caused by
    underwater earthquakes.
Man-Made Disasters
 Plant fires
 Bomb threats
 Labor unrest
 Terrorism
 Sabotage
 Chemical/radiological accidents
 Transportation accidents
 Public demonstrations & civil disturbances
Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire
 Causes are preventable:
  – Carelessness
  – Ignorance
 Most are electrical in origin
 Most fatalities are a result of toxic gas
  inhalation, followed by death from smoke
  inhalation and high temperatures.
Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire
 The Fire Triangle :
  – heat, fuel, oxygen, & a chemical reaction
 Fire Classifications:
   – Class A: ash-producing fire (paper, rags, wood)
   – Class B : volatile fluid fire (gas, oil, grease)
   – Class C : electrical fire
   – Class D :combustible metals (magnesium)
Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire
 Extinguishing agents :
  – Class A : Water or water fog
  – Class B : Foam agents in water or “range
    guard”
  – Class C : CO2 extinguisher
  – Class D : Sand or PKP
 Sprinkler systems
   – Type : Wet pipe & Dry pipe
   – Operate at temperatures between 130-160 F
Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire
 Fire sensor systems : 4 basic fire stages
   – Ionization detector : no-smoke incipient stage
   – Photoelectric smoke detector : smoldering stage
   – Infrared flame detector : visible flame stage
   – Thermal detector : significant heat stage
 Develop MAA’s to cope with major fires
 Key to effective fire fighting is quick
  response and rapid containment
Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats
 Security nightmare vs. a 98% hoax
 Create a “Bomb Threat Checklist” (ATF)
  – Who? What? Where? When ? Why?
  – Get description of voice & background noises
 Security options (Who decides ?):
   – Ignore
   – Search, then decide on evacuation
   – Partial search and evacuation
   – Complete evacuation and then search
Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats
 A search must be made after every call !
 Evacuation decision based on :
  – Whether bomb actually found.
  – Other compelling evidence bomb threat is real.
 Bomb threat notification :
  – Search and evacuation parties
  – Local authorities
  – FBI and other federal agencies
  – Medical facilities, neighbors, utilities
Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats
 Access control over the entry of personnel
  and material is the key countermeasure
 C3 very important during a search
 If suspicious object found :
  – Only EOD personnel touch or use bomb
    blanket to isolate IED.
  – Establish 300’ clear zone including the floors
    above and below.
  – Leave doors and windows open to vent blast
 Man-Made Disasters :Strike
 NLRA/Wagner Act governs strikes :
  – Strike: concerted refusal by employees to work
    in an attempt to force an employer to meet
    certain demands.
  – “Economic strike” requires 60 day notice.
  – “Unfair labor practice” : Allegations employer
    violated fair labor practices. Striking employees
    must be allowed to return to work (often occurs
    suddenly).
Man-Made Disasters : Strike
 Key management decision : Shut down or
  continue business operations ?
 Strike preparation (TIPS approach)
  – Know direct/indirect costs
  – Know NRLB rulings requirements
  – Early preparation/intervention is best
 Security’s role must be carefully defined.
 Work with local police to avoid violence.
Man-Made Disasters : Terrorism
 Letter bombing & kidnapping are common
  forms.
 Create mail room procedure for handling
  suspicious objects.
 If kidnapping occurs :
  –   Use pre-established duress code to signal.
  –   Victims should cooperate & remember all.
  –   Contact local law enforcement agency.
  –   Ransom payment needs corporate approval.
FEMA: Federal Planners
 Federal Emergency Management Agency
   – Ensures continuity of government actions and
     directs the mobilizing of resources in response
     to national emergencies
 National Warning System (NAWAS)
  – 3 Command Centers (24X7) in located
    Colorado Springs; Denton, TX; Olney, MD.
  – Loudspeaker/radio signals :
      • Alert/Attention signal--steady sound
      • Attack warning--short wavering blasts.
Why We Prepare for Disaster

 “… a day that will live infamy.”
Terrorism in the 21st Century

 September 11, 2001 --
         8:45 a.m. EDT
     American Airlines
     Flight 11, hijacked
   from Boston, slams
  into the World Trade
 Center's north tower in
             Manhattan.
Terrorism in the 21st Century
 September 11, 2001 --
         9:03 a.m. EDT
        A second plane,
        United Airlines
    Flight 175, crashes
  into the World Trade
  Center's south tower,
        causing another
    massive explosion.
Terrorism in the 21st Century




                                                 .

  September 11, 2001 -- 9:40 a.m. EDT
  A third plane, American Airlines Flight 77,
  crashes into the “E” Ring of the Pentagon,
  destroying the new Naval Operations Center.
Terrorism in the 21st Century
                   President Bush : "We
                        will do whatever
                     necessary to protect
                            America and
                       Americans ... The
                       United States will
                          hunt down and
                             punish those
                    responsible for these
                         cowardly acts."
Any Questions ?
Turn over notes for closed book exam