Sam Shore US History February 11, 2008 Montgomery’s The Montgomery’s were unlucky, the lucky, and then unlucky again. Reconstruction was the attempted process to give former slave equal rights as every other person in the United States. Sadly it failed for one reason and one reason only. The over powerful racism of the Americans, not only in the south were they had just lost the civil war, but also in New York were they were afraid about the blacks taking their jobs. Benjamin Montgomery and his sons were slaves before the war. Once war hit, they fled north, and then when the war diminished they went back south to work on the plantations, coincidently those plantations were owned by Joseph Davis, the younger brother of former C.S.A. president Jefferson Davis. Upon coming back Joseph was increasing in age and unable to run the plantations, and sold them to Benjamin Montgomery. At this time in America, blacks were not allowed to own land. The thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments were no in place abolishing slavery, and allowing blacks to vote. But no one really listened to these. They made a a considerable amount of money for their stature. But this was all foiled by him being sued by Jefferson Davis in 1875, attacking the ground that the selling of the property should never have been validated because he was black. This was very disappointing, to all. The trial went through two courts, a small local which they went in favor of Ben, and the state’s Supreme Court which went in favor of Jefferson. People in America still had it nailed in their heads that black were inferior, in every sort of the word.
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