Declaration of Common Private Drive Easement including Rights and Responsibilities
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					                       Declaration of Common Private Drive Easement
                            including Rights and Responsibilities

        This Declaration is made (date), by (Name of Association), a Homeowners Association
organized and existing under the laws of the state of ______________, with its principal office
located at (street address, city, state, zip code), referred to herein as the Association, and
consisting of the record title owners of (number) parcels of property abutting a certain right-of-
way described on the attached Exhibit A.

       Whereas, the Association consists of the record title owners of (number) of parcels
abutting the private drive within the right-of-way described in Exhibit A (the Easement
Premises), which is described on Exhibit B attached hereto and made a part hereof. Parcels 1
through (Number of Parcel) are collectively referred to as the Parcels; and

     Whereas, the owners of the Parcels have easement rights over, across, and through the
Easement Premises for utility connections and adequate access to their individual Parcels; and

       Whereas, it is essential to the value of the Parcels that the private drive located within
the Easement Premises, known as (name of drive), be properly maintained, in good condition;

        Whereas, the owners of the Parcels (the Parcel Owners) have agreed to share in the
cost of maintaining the drive serving the Parcels according to a formula set forth in Section 3
below; and

        Whereas, as of the date of this Agreement, the Parcel Owners and their addresses are
set forth in Exhibit C attached hereto and made a part hereof;

       Now, therefore, the Parcel Owners agree as follows:

1.     Easement
       A.     A perpetual easement (the easement) has been established across, over,
       and through the Easement Premises for the purpose of ingress to and egress from
       Parcels 1 through (Number of Parcel), inclusive, and for the construction, maintenance
       and repair (including reconstruction) of utilities.

       B.     The easement burdens the Easement Premises, and benefits and runs with
       Parcels 1 through (Number of Parcel), inclusive.

       C.     The easement also benefits any utility company or municipality providing utility
       services to one or more of the Parcels.

2.     Repair and Maintenance of Easement; Capital Improvements
       A.     The Easement Premises are used as a drive for vehicular traffic and shall be
       properly maintained in good condition for this purpose.

       B.       When repairs or maintenance appear to be necessary, the Association may
       undertake such repairs or maintenance anywhere along the Easement Premises upon
       the affirmative vote of at least (two-thirds or a majority) of the Parcel Owners. The total
       cost of the particular maintenance or repair items being undertaken and the Parcel
       Owner or other person assigned or contracted with to perform them must also be
approved by a (two-thirds or a majority) vote. The Parcel Owners shall share in the costs
of any approved maintenance, repair, or capital improvement according to the
formula set forth in Section 3 below.

C.     Capital improvements (such as asphalting) to the Easement Premises
may be undertaken by the Association on the affirmative vote of all the Parcel
Owners. Capital improvements may also be undertaken on the affirmative vote of
fewer than all, but not less than (two-thirds or a majority), of the Parcel Owners, but no
Parcel Owner shall be responsible for the cost of any capital improvements to the
Easement Premises not approved by that Parcel Owner. The Parcel Owners electing to
carry out the improvements may apportion the cost in the same proportions as their
respective percentages set forth below bear to the percentages of the other participating
Parcel Owners. The exact nature of the capital improvements, their cost, and any
contractor employed to carry them out must be approved by all the Parcel Owners
undertaking the improvements.

D.     The Parcel Owners grant to one another reasonable rights of access and
passage over their respective Parcels for the purpose of conducting maintenance
and repair of the Easement Premises or installing capital improvements.

E.      The Association, or any Parcel Owner designated to act on behalf of the
Association, in undertaking the approved maintenance, repair, or capital improvement,
will contract for and initially pay on behalf of the Association all reasonable costs
associated with them, but will be entitled to reimbursement by each of the other Parcel
Owners in their respective percentages set forth below. The Parcel Owner actually
incurring such costs will promptly bill the others for their share. The others will pay the
statement rendered within (number) days of receipt. No Parcel Owner will be entitled to
reimbursement for the cost of any repair or maintenance undertaken without the prior
approval of the Association.

F.        Provided a Parcel Owner is current in his or her obligations to the Association
and other Parcel Owner, a Parcel Owner will be immediately released from all personal
liability for costs associated with the repair and maintenance of or capital improvements
to the Easement Premises upon the sale or other conveyance of all of his or her
interests in the Parcel owned by him or her.

G.       If a Parcel Owner fails to pay his or her respective share of costs incurred
within (number) days after receipt of a statement, the amount of the statement, together
with interest at _____% per annum from the date the costs were incurred, plus any
attorney's fees necessary to collection, shall automatically become a continuing lien
against the Parcel of the defaulting Parcel Owner. This lien will be superior to all other
liens or claims against the Parcel except an institutional or purchase money first
mortgage. Each Parcel Owner's obligation to pay his or her share of the costs will be an
enforceable personal obligation of the Parcel Owner. On the affirmative vote of all
Parcel Owners except a defaulting Parcel Owner who has not paid his or her share of
costs, the Association or Parcel Owner who have not been reimbursed may record
notice of a claim of lien against the Parcel owned by the defaulting Parcel Owner and
then pursue a judicial action to foreclose on the lien, subject only to any institutional or
purchase money first mortgage, in any manner now or in the future permitted by law or
equity with respect to mortgages. Proceeds received at such a sale shall be distributed
first to pay the lien being foreclosed upon, plus all costs and expenses, interest, and
       attorney's fees, and any surplus shall be distributed in accordance with the priorities
       established by applicable law. The reimbursed Association or Parcel Owner may, in
       addition to or instead of foreclosure, obtain a personal judgment against the defaulting
       Parcel Owner.

       H.      The Parcel Owners shall work together to coordinate their repair and
       maintenance activities so as to make the repairs and maintenance of the easement as
       economical as possible and to minimize interference with the Parcel Owners' use of the
       Easement Premises. To the extent reasonably possible or on the request of the
       Association, a Parcel Owner performing any repairs, maintenance or capital
       improvements will obtain competitive bids for the purpose of cost comparison. The
       Parcel Owners will be provided with reasonable notice before the undertaking of any
Shared By:
Description: An easement is a right in the land of another. An oral promise to create an easement is not binding because of the statute of frauds since this involves a contract regarding the sale or transfer of land. An easement may be created in several ways. The clearest and simplest way to create an easement is by deed. An easement may also be created by implication when part of land is conveyed. For example, if water or drain pipes run from the property conveyed through the property that is retained, there is an implied right to have the use continued. In other words, it is implied that the person selling the land did not mean for the new owner to have the right to dam up the water. This form is a generic example that may be referred to when preparing such a form for your particular state. It is for illustrative purposes only. Local laws should be consulted to determine any specific requirements for such a form in a particular jurisdiction.
PARTNER William Glover
I received my B.B.A. from the University of Mississippi in 1973 and my J.D. from the University of Mississippi School of Law in 1976. I joined the firm of Wells Marble & Hurst in May 1976 as an Associate and became a Partner in 1979. While at Wells, I supervised all major real estate commercial loan transactions as well as major employment law cases. My practice also involved estate administration and general commercial law. I joined the faculty of Belhaven College, in Jackson, MS, in 1996 as Assistant Professor of Business Administration and College Attorney. While at Belhaven I taught Business Law and Business Ethics in the BBA and MBA programs; Judicial Process and Constitutional Law History for Political Science Department); and Sports Law for the Department of Sports Administration. I am now on the staff of US Legal Forms, Inc., and drafts forms, legal digests, and legal summaries. I am a LTC and was Staff Judge Advocate for the Mississippi State Guard from 2004-2008. I now serve as the Commanding Officer of the 220th MP BN at Camp McCain near Grenada, MS. I served on active duty during Hurricanes Dennis (July, 2005), Katrina (August, 2005) and Gustav in 2008. I played football at the University of Mississippi in 1969-1971 under Coach John Vaught. I am the author of the Sports Law Book (For Coaches and Administrators) and the Sports Law Handbook for Coaches and Administrators (with Legal Forms),