Medical Technology Preparation at UC Davis -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Licensed medical technologists work with pathologists, other physicians or scientists who specialize in clinical chemistry, microbiology, or other biological sciences. Together, they detect, diagnose, and treat many patient diseases. As part of this health care team, medical technologists are responsible for performing tests and developing data on the patient's blood tissues and body fluids. They have the knowledge of the principles behind these tests. Medical technologists have the ability to recognize physiological conditions affecting test results and the ability to develop data that may be used by a physician in determining the presence, extent, and the cause of disease. In addition to working in a clinical laboratory, jobs for medical technologists are available in departments of public health, industrial labs, pharmaceutical companies, the armed forces, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the World Health Organization (WHO). Medical technologists also have the option to educate students in this field. Medical technology licenses may be general (for all areas of the clinical lab), or limited to performing procedures in one particular area (clinical chemistry, clinical microbiology, immunohematology, toxicology, cytogenetics and molecular genetics). I. Requirements Requirements for becoming a nationally certified and California licensed medical technologist include a bachelor's degree with courses pertinent to the clinical laboratory. Although no particular undergraduate major is required, some schools prefer students majoring in one of the biological sciences or chemistry. As long as all prerequisites are met, any major may be chosen. A. Chemistry - 24 quarter units Required: General Chemistry (2ABC) Biochemistry (BIS 101 or 102) Organic Chemistry (118A, B, C) B. Biological Sciences - 27 quarter units Required: Biological Sciences 1A,B,C Hematology (Vet - Clinical Pathology 101(check availability)(Sac State: Bio Sci 124) Immunology (Vet - PMI 126 or Med - Micro 188) Medical Microbiology (Vet - Micro 127) Recommended: Hematology Lab (Vet - Clinical Path 101L (check availability) Medical Microbiology Lab (Vet - PMI 126L) General Physiology (NPB 101) General Physiology Lab (NPB 101L) Virology (Vet - PMI 128) Genetics (BIS 101) Human Anatomy (Med - CHA 101) Advanced Immunology (Vet - PMI 270) C. Physics Required: Physics (1AB or 7ABC) D. Math Required: Precalculus (MAT 12) Recommended: Statistics (STA 13) Introduction to Computers (Engineering: ECS 15) II. Training And Licensure A. Completion of a bachelor's degree is followed by a 12-month training program in a clinical laboratory approved by the State of California Department of Health Services. There are currently 12 approved generalist programs and 14 limited license programs in California. The most recent list can be found on the laboratory field services website (http://www.dhs.ca.gov/ps/ls/lfsb/pdf/CLS%20Training%20Schools%202007-FB3.htm) All candidates accepted into a clinical training program must have a trainee license from the California Department of Public Health, Laboratory Field Services. B. After completing the 12-month training program, candidates are eligible to take a national exam, a short test on California State Law and apply for California Licensure. C. Completion of a nationally accredited (NAACLS accredited) trainee program allows students to participate in the National Certification Examinations, recognized throughout the nation. III. Application Process A. Deadlines Training programs usually start in the summer (July-September) and/or winter (January-March). Deadlines for applications vary but generally summer programs have deadlines between February 1 and March 1 and winter programs between September 1 and October 1. Check with individual programs for exact dates. D. Trainee License Before starting a training program, you must have a trainee license. Write to the State of California Department of Public Health, Laboratory Field Services for an application and instructions during your last two quarters before graduation or when you have finished all required coursework (address on page 5). A renewable training license will be issued after you have received your bachelor's degree and your final transcript has been confirmed. You are then legally qualified to participate in a training program. No examination is required. Most programs will interview and accept students before they have received their trainee license as long as they will have their license prior to actually starting training programs. Be sure to indicate on your application when you will be applying for the trainee license. E. Interviews Most schools require personal interviews prior to acceptance into clinical training. Some programs will arrange for interviews and contact you directly, while others require that you request an interview. F. Supplemental Documentation Some programs require additional information such as a statement of interest in the field of medical technology. This should be submitted directly to the school unless otherwise indicated. IV. Helpful Hints Start the application process early, usually about 3-4 months before the deadline. Order transcripts and letters of recommendation as soon as possible because it takes time for them to reach the SRC and for the SRC to process your application and send it to the different programs. It is always an asset to document your interest in medical technology and suitability for this type of work through actual experience. This experience can be acquired through a paid job, volunteer work, or an internship. At the very least, visit one or more labs and talk to the medical technologists working there. V. Limited Licences Minimum requirements for obtaining a limited license to perform diagnostic procedures limited to a specific area of the lab are: A. Clinical Chemistry: A B.S. in chemistry plus one year of full-time training or experience in chemistry in an approved lab. B. Clinical Microbiology: A B.S. in microbiology plus one year full-time training or experience in microbiology in an approved clinical lab. C. Immunohematology: A B.S. in medical technology, microbiology, or a closely related major, and one year full-time training or experience in immunohematology in an approved clinical lab (for training in the blood banking field). D. Toxicology: a B.S. in chemistry plus one year full-time training or experience in toxicology in an approved clinical lab. All training for limited licenses must be post-baccalaureate. E. Clinical Cytogenetic Scientist F. Clinical Genetic Molecular Biologist VI. Advanced Licences And Degrees In Medical Technology A. A Clinical Chemist is licensed to engage in the direction and supervision of clinical lab activities limited to chemistry, or to engage in the work and direction of a lab providing service only within the area of clinical chemistry. Requirements include: (1) an M.S. or Ph.D. in chemistry, (2) one year of training in chemistry in a clinical lab (3) three years experience in a clinical lab, two of which are at the supervisory level. Graduate education must include 30 semester or equivalent quarter hours in chemistry. Applicants with only an M.S. need the equivalent of one year full-time training in procedures and principles involved in the development, modification and evaluation of lab methods. B. A Clinical Microbiologist is licensed to engage in the work and supervision of clinical lab activities limited to clinical microbiology, or to engage in the work and direction of a lab service only pertaining to this area. Requirements are the same as for clinical chemistry except that training and experience should be in microbiology. C. A Bioanalyst is licensed to engage in the work and direction of a clinical laboratory. Requirements include an M.A., M.S. or Ph.D. in one of the biological sciences, and a minimum of four years experience as a licensed medical technologist in California. D. For medical technologists wanting to advance to supervisory positions, or fulfill requirements for a bioanalyst license, there are M.S. programs specifically in medical technology with an emphasis in a particular area such as clinical chemistry, clinical immunology, clinical microbiology, hematology, lab management, and immunohematology. VII. Addresses Laboratory Field Services Northern California Office Bldg P, 1st Floor 850 Marina Bay Parkway, Richmond, CA 94804-6403 PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES WHICH CAN PROVIDE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION American Society for Clinical Pathology 1225 New York Avenue NW, Suite 250 Washington, D.C. 20005 Phone: 202-347-4450 Fax: 202-347-4453 www.ascp.org American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science 6701 Democracy Blvd. Suite 300 Bethesda, Maryland 20817 (301) 657-2768 California Association of Medical Laboratory Technology (CAMLT) Executive Office 1895 Mowry Ave, Suite 112 Fremont, California 94538 California Society for Medical Technology P.O. Box 20037 Riverside, CA 92516 National Certification Agency for Medical Laboratory Personnel (NCAMLP) 7910 Woodmont Ave., Suite 1301 Bethesda, MD 20814 (301)654-1622 IX. Useful Websites http://www.medtech1.com http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos096.htm Timelines for Applying to CLS Training Programs One year before training begins: Decide on which programs you plan to apply. Visit the CAMLT (www.camlt.org) or Laboratory Field Services (http://www.dhs.ca.gov/ps/ls/lfsb/pdf/CLS%20Training%20Schools%202007- FB3.htm) website for a complete list of programs and visit individual program websites for the specific instructions for application to each program. Download a copy of the application for a CLS trainee license (form 156) from the Laboratory Field Services web site on the forms page (http://www.dhs.ca.gov/publications/forms/labs.htm) and submit it. Request transcripts from all colleges where you received credit towards your degree. Determine the earliest application deadline of the programs to which you will be applying. Plan on completing all application procedures well in advance of this date. Request letters of recommendation to be sent no later than 1 month before the application deadline. Many programs will not accept late letters. Use the UC Davis letter service if possible. Six Months Before Training Begins Successful applicants will participate in an interview which will determine their placement in a hospital. Official offers of admission will be sent after interviews. Three Months Before Training Begins Follow up with Laboratory Field Services to see if your transcripts and all required documents have been received. Make sure the transcript listing your degree has been received.
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