Medium Sized Project Proposal by flw11971


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									    Project Preparation Grant (PPG) for Introduction of Renewable Wave Energy Technologies for the
                 Generation of Electric Power in Small Coastal Communities of Jamaica
                                         TERMS OF REFERENCE
                           Wave Energy and Sustainable Development Expert

The Government of Jamaica has received support through the Global Environment Facility (GEF) for
developing a Medium Sized Project (MSP) titled “Introduction of Renewable Wave Energy Technologies for
the Generation of Electric Power in Small Coastal Communities in Jamaica”. This was achieved through the
submission of a proposal from the Government of Jamaica and the UNDP to the GEF’s Technology
Transfer Pilot Projects Call for Proposal in 2009. A Project Preparation Grant (PPG) was approved by GEF
in September 2009.

1.0         BACKGROUND

      i.    The need for reduction of emissions of green house gases (GHG) and the relevance and
            importance of the introduction and use of renewable energy technologies, to support the reduction
            of emission is essential. Within the new technologies that are being developed in the last few
            years for clean power generation, those based on marine renewable resources (especially wave,
            tidal, current) have great potential, due to their concentrated power and high predictability.1 It is
            expected that the average growth in electricity generation based on marine renewable resources
            (wave and tidal) will be approximately 12% in the period 2007 – 2015.2 Realizing this, countries
            like Ireland 3 and Portugal 4 have developed national strategies for the introduction of marine
            renewable power and others, like New Zealand5 and the UK,6 created funds and other incentives
            to support this. The US, a late comer in this sector, has gone further and passed the ‘‘Energy
            Independence and Security Act of 2007’’ in December 2007 with a specific section (Subtitle C) on
            Marine and Hydrokinetic research and development. 7 Other countries in tropical regions are
            starting to take note of the progress of wave energy and are including marine-based renewable
            energy in their development policies8 and regulatory frameworks to promote the introduction and
            use of this resource potential.9,10

      ii.   Until recently, all wave energy conversion (WEC) technologies were being developed in
            industrialized countries 11 with high energy intensity seas (average wave height 2 meters and
            above) and were conceived to ultimately work in central grid-connected generation wave farms or
            parks. Developing marine renewable energy technologies in these temperate weather countries
            has led to conceptualization of technologies with high capital costs per installed kW capacities due
            to survival features in the designs (Pelamis, for example, one of the most well known offshore
            wave energy technologies, is designed to survive waves of up to 28 meters high). This has led
   See Table 2 in “Green Light for Renewable Energy” (
   Ibid. Figure 9
   Dominican Republic Law 57-07 on Incentives for Renewable Energy
   Republic of the Philippines. Renewable Energy Act” Nº 9513 of 2008
   Especially the UK, US, Canada, Ireland, and Australia
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           European groups such as WaveNet,12 to infer that most of the shoreline/nearshore wave power
           devices start to become economically competitive at wave power levels of 40 kW/m and above
           (i.e., waves of aprox. 3 meters high @ periods of 10 second)13, and that some of the offshore wave
           power devices also start to become economically competitive at offshore wave power levels of 30
           kW/m and above (i.e., waves of aprox. 2.7 meters @ periods of 10 seconds).14

      iii. Since most developing countries, especially those in the tropical regions, have low energy intensity
           seas with average wave power levels of 3 to 15 kW/m15, the above mentioned issue results in an
           erroneous tendency within the renewable wave energy technology developers in industrialized
           countries to believe that the majority of tropical countries are not or will not be beneficiaries of this
           type of technology because of their low energy intensity seas.

      iv. If the technological development of marine renewable energy technologies continues to be
          concentrated in countries with temperate weather and oriented to work in high energy intensity
          seas, most countries, especially those in tropical regions which are home to the majority of poor
          populations, would not benefit at the short and medium term from this immense renewable energy

      v.   If marine renewable technology for power generation were to be conceptualized to work in a
           distributed generation manner (not centralized), oriented to benefit small communities (50 to 400
           people) and, in the case of wave energy conversion, survive waves of up to 5-7 meters high16 (not
           28 meters high as the Pelamis), capital and operation and maintenance costs would be much lower
           than those projected by actual technology developers. This would allow developing countries,
           especially small island states, to be beneficiaries of marine renewable technologies. Since the
           size, capacity and costs of these tropical-environment conceptualized technologies would be lower
           than its temperate-environment counterparts, the deployment and testing could be expedited.
           Already there are companies developing wave energy conversion technologies for Tropical seas
           and projects being pursued to introduce renewable wave energy in the Caribbean. 17, 18

      vi. The proposed project will contribute to the reversal of the erroneous tendency in the development
          of marine renewable energy technology, and to accelerate the introduction, conceptualization,
          development and use of marine technologies adapted to tropical environments. The proposed
          project would demonstrate, through pilot projects, that renewable wave energy technology is
          applicable in Small Island Developing States, not only for distributed electric power generation but
          also for beach erosion control and reduction of vulnerability due to storm waves.

      vii. During the implementation of the proposed project, one or two small coastal communities will
           benefit from renewable wave energy in Jamaica. It is estimated that in the mid-term (2 to 5 years),

     The WaveNet was set up as a European Commission Thematic Network to share understanding and information on the
     development of ocean energy systems. Several organizations from nine countries took part in the network.
     The formula to determine the power (P) of a wave in kW/m is roughly P = 0,42 x H2 x T, where H is the significant wave height
     and T the wave period.
     WaveNet, Results from the work of the European Thematic Network on Wave Energy, Section D - Financing and economics,
     pages 290 -292, March 2003, See
     Waves of 1 to 2 meters high @ periods of 8 seconds
     In tropical seas, especially the Caribbean Sea, wave heights above 7 meters are not very common even during storms and
     Nova Oceanic Energy Systems is one company specializing in development of wave energy technology for Tropical seas.
     Institutions of Dominican Republic have been pursuing projects for the introduction of wave energy in the country (see
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          due to replication of similar projects in Jamaica and other Small Island Developing States in the
          Caribbean Region, a large number of small coastal communities, especially those isolated
          communities that either do not have electric power or depend on diesel electric power generation
          distributed through mini-grids, will benefit from wave energy conversion technologies. A very
          preliminary estimation of the number of final beneficiaries in the mid-term could be up to 50 small
          coastal communities connected to distributed electric power generation based on marine
          renewable resources. Taking an average number of 200 people per community, this means that
          around 10.000 people could potentially benefit from the action within 5 years.

      viii. The use of clean marine energies in Caribbean countries will not only contribute to stabilize the
            greenhouse effect and avoid serious interruptions of the climate, but also to reduce the costs
            related to the generation and use of energy especially in island countries where the cost of
            electricity at residential level is above US$ 0.25/kWh

2.0       OBJECTIVES
          The main objective of the project is to assess the issues related to the potential use of renewable
          wave energy in Jamaica, train key personnel on the subject, and prepare the Medium Sized Project
          proposal document for the introduction of renewable wave energy in a Small Island Developing
          State like Jamaica for the electrification of coastal rural communities (both on and off-grid) and to
          contribute to lowering the risk of these communities exposure to high energy storm waves.


      Type of Consultancy: Individual Consultant
      Duration: Five (5) Months
      Level of Effort: Twenty-five (25) Person Days


The International Wave Energy and Sustainable Development Expert will be the Team Leader on this
PPG project will be required to review existing plans and policies, consult with stakeholders, collaborate with
the other team members (the Local Environmental Engineer and the Local Social Specialist) and lead the
development of a MSP proposal to be presented in August 2010 to the Global Environment Facility.

Specifically, the Wave Energy and Sustainable Development Expert will carry out the following tasks:

      1. Review the background information related to renewable energy, distributed electric power
         generation, transmission and distribution, and materials prepared by the national consultants

      2. Prepare and deliver a short training course about renewable wave energy to key government
         personnel and stakeholders involved in the development of the GEF medium-sized wave energy
         project development

      3. Identify and propose potential beneficiary small coastal pilot communities

Prepared by the Projects Planning & Monitoring Branch – NEPA, EMD-OPM and the UNDP
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    4. Assist and guide the local consultants in completing gaps in the background information and

    5. Participate in the national consultations and workshops to agree the MSP proposal

    6. Develop with the support of national consultants detailed scope, activities and budget of each of
       the following MSP component:

          Component 1: Wave Energy Conversion Technology Assessment
          Component 2: Capacity Building and Training
          Component 3: Policy and Regulatory Support
          Component 4: Demonstration Wave Energy Pilot Projects
          Component 5: Project management

    7. Identify possible sources of financing and define of financing strategy for the project.

    8. Draft the final proposal to GEF, including the preparation of a full MSP Project Brief and
       accompanying standard UNDP Project Document (i.e. an additional cover page, legal agreement,
       line item budget, work plan, and key Terms of Reference).

    9. Liaise with the GEF to address any comments they may on the Draft MSP documentation


    i.   Baseline Information Report
    ii.  A short training course on renewable wave energy delivered to key government personnel and
         stakeholders involved in project preparation
    iii. A preliminary assessment of the renewable wave energy potential in Jamaica and identification
         and recommendation of potential beneficiary coastal pilot communities
    iv. A final MSP project Brief and PRODOC for the GEF in the appropriate required formats

             Output                                Week                              Payment
                                                                           (on acceptance of deliverable
                                                                                    by NEPA)
Workplan and Stakeholder list                        1                                 15%
Baseline Information Report                          4                                 15%
Short training course for key                        6                                 15%
government personnel and
Selection of potential beneficiary                   8                                   10%
coastal pilot communities
Draft MSP prepared and                              10                                   20%
Final MSP prepared and                              12                                   20%
Incorporation of comments from                      16                                   5%

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    a. Minimum of a Masters Degree in an area related to Environmental Engineering, Environmental
       Sciences, Renewable Energy or a related field;

    b. At least 4 years of demonstrated experience in renewable wave energy, especially for low energy
       intensive seas such as the Caribbean Sea.

    c.   Successful training experience in renewable wave energy in developing countries;

    d. Strong project management background;

    e. Demonstrated experience in preparing projects for GEF funding;

    f.   Demonstrated experience the identification of possible sources of financing and definition of
         financing strategies;

    g.   Excellent writing, editing, and oral communication skills in English; and

    h. Ability to meet deadlines and prioritize multiple tasks.

    i.   Demonstrated ability to work within a multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural group

The candidate should be highly motivated and capable of working independently. Ability to work with a wide
variety of people from governments, agencies, NGOs, and research institutions is essential.

Sustainable development project experience with the UNDP and other multilateral development agencies
present in the Caribbean Region would be an asset; as well as proven capacity to work under limited
supervision and to be a self-starter.


The Wave Energy and Sustainable Development Expert will report to the Director – Strategic Planning,
Policies & Projects Branch of NEPA. The Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica’s Centre of Excellence for
Renewable Energy and the Senior Director of the Environment Management Division of the Office of the
Prime Minister will provide technical oversight for the development of the ProDoc. A Wave Energy
Technical Working Group will also be established to provide technical guidance. Members of this committee
will include, but not necessarily be limited to, representatives from the Planning Institute of Jamaica, the
Office of the Prime Minister, the Ministry of Energy & Mining, the University of the West Indies, The Ministry
of Energy & Mining, the National Environment and Planning Agency and the United Nations Development

Prepared by the Projects Planning & Monitoring Branch – NEPA, EMD-OPM and the UNDP
18 March 2010

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