Running head: QUOTING, SUMMARIZING, AND PARAPHRASING SOURCES 1 Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing Sources Amy Brewer COM/220 January 30, 2011 Paula Stanton QUOTING, SUMMARIZING, AND PARAPHRASING SOURCES 2 Axia College Material Appendix E Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing Sources Summarize: The author of this article claims that racial profiling and affirmative action are almost Be brief. identical in nature (Somin, 2010). Reflect key facts or ideas. Help readers understand context. Do not insert personal views. Write in your own words, except for quotations. Somin, I. (2009). How Affirmative Action Is Like Racial Profiling. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Paraphrase: In this article, Melber (2010) argues that affirmative action laws are becoming Use details. disregarded, because Americans have to come Reflect the structure of the source. to feel that ethnic favoritism is beginning to Reflect the ideas of the original author. have adverse reactions. The author claims Do not insert personal views. that Barack Obama‟s election can be greatly Write in your own words, except for attributed to affirmative action laws that helped quotations. minorities achieve the same educational and professional opportunities as the majority groups (para.1). Melber, A. (2010). Affirmative Action Programs Promote Equal Opportunity. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Quote: According to Connerly (2008, para. 2), “the practice of applying different standards in Choose a well-stated key idea. college admissions and setting aside contracts Use a verb of attribution to introduce the for „minorities‟ and women is never called quotation; for example, He claimed, She discrimination, when it is to the benefit of such reported, they assert). individual. Instead, such practices are called Punctuate correctly. „affirmative action‟ or the promotion of Cite in APA format. „diversity‟.” Connerly, W. (2008). Affirmative-Action Programs Are Unnecessary and Discriminatory. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. QUOTING, SUMMARIZING, AND PARAPHRASING SOURCES 3 How do you decide which information is noteworthy and which is not? When deciding which information to use, first I make sure that the sources I have are trustworthy and qualified to provide the information I am looking for. I like to use index cards, and write down anything I feel may be beneficial to my essay. After my research is complete I use material that my sources were able to back up and support. How do you determine whether to quote, paraphrase, or summarize a source? I rarely use direct quotes, and would only feel comfortable quoting from a well-known, reputable and dependable source. When I do quote a source word-for-word, it would be because I am using that source (and the source‟s reputation) to back my opinion. In my opinion, summarizing and paraphrasing are the easiest techniques for me to use, because the majority of the time I am using a source to base my whole opinion on; and in these instances I feel that paraphrasing and summarizing are the best methods.
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