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					Grade 5
Language Arts
Writing Strategies
  Standard 1.2c
  Create multiple-paragraph expository compositions:
  Offer a concluding paragraph that summarizes important ideas
  and details.

Name_____________________________                            Date______________

                                         Assessment
Directions: Read the following essays then choose the best concluding paragraph for
each.




                               The Endangered Panda

The Panda Bear is a probably the most famous endangered animal. It is estimated that there are
only about 700 and 1,000 Giant Pandas still alive in the wild. Because they rely on bamboo as
their main food they will remain in danger unless their habitat is expanded and humans stop
encroaching on their space.

The differing varieties of bamboo that Pandas live on go through periodic die-offs as part of their
renewal cycle. Without the ability to move into new areas that have not been affected, many
Pandas will starve to death. When bamboo die-offs occur, the Pandas that try to find a new place
to feed often run into farmers and poachers.

In general, a home range will vary from 1.5 to 2.5 square miles. The range of an individual Giant
Panda is shared with other bears. Female Pandas have been found to stay in very small areas,
only 75 to 100 acres in size. Males have larger home ranges which overlap the home ranges of
several females.




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Merced County Office of Education 2004
1. Which of these paragraphs would make the best conclusion to “The
Endangered Panda”?
A. The Panda is a large mammal which is about the same size as a Black Bear. Adult Pandas
grow to be about 5-6 feet in height. They can weigh up to 276 pounds with males weighing 10%
to 20% more than females. With few enemies other than humans, the lifespan of a wild Panda is
about 25 years or more.

B. The basic fur color of the Giant Panda is white with black eye patches, ears, legs, feet, chest,
and shoulders. Within its natural environment (the deep forest and, at upper elevations, snow and
rock) its mottled coloring provides camouflage. There is also speculation that its striking color
pattern may be a clear message to other pandas to stay away.

C. Giant pandas are one of the four bear species who do not hibernate. The reasons for this are
twofold. First, the natural food source of these bears is not sufficiently high in calories and
protein to allow them to put on sufficient fat resources to last a lengthy period of hibernation.
Second, they live in a habitat zone where food is usually available on a year round basis.

D. The Panda is such a majestic creature. It is sad to think that Pandas may soon become extinct.
More should be done to protect the habitats of the Giant Pandas and prevent them from
becoming extinct. Wouldn’t it be wonderful if 20 years from now the Giant Panda could be
removed from the endangered species list due to efforts by people like you and me to preserve
this precious animal?




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Merced County Office of Education 2004
                                   How Do Planes Fly?

Did you ever wonder how a big airplane stays in the air? Four things happen to planes when
they fly. These four things are called the four forces of flight. The four forces of flight are lift,
weight, thrust and drag.

Lift pushes the plane upward. The wings give planes lift. Air moves under the wings. But, air
moves faster on top of the wings. The slower air pushes on the wing more than the faster air.
This makes the plane rise.

Weight is Earth's gravity pulling down on a plane. Planes must be built so that there is equal
weight in the front and back of the plane. Then the plane will be balanced. Thrust is the force
that moves the plane forward. A propeller pulls a plane forward. A jet engine also pushes a
plane.

Drag slows the plane. You can feel drag when you stick your hand out the window of a moving
car. Planes are built so that there is less drag.

2. Which of these paragraphs would make the best conclusion to “How Do
Planes Fly”?

A. All of these forces have to be just right to make a plane fly. Of course, airplanes need one
other thing: You need a pilot to fly the plane to interesting places.

 B. One hundred years ago, two brothers flew the first engine-powered plane. The names of the
brothers were Orville and Wilbur Wright.

C. There are many types of airplanes. Some types include jets, biplanes, crop dusters, passenger
planes, fighter planes and bombers. Each type of airplane has a specific design and a specific
purpose.

D. An airplane is a heavier-than-air machine that is kept aloft by the forces on its wings. It is
thrust forward by a propeller or other means of propulsion, such as a jet or rocket. Common
types of airplanes are airliners, large planes usually used to transport passengers; military planes;
and general-aviation aircraft, which cover all airplanes that are not airliners or military aircraft.
They generally are smaller than airliners and can transport people or cargo or perform a wide
variety of specialized functions such as crop-dusting, flight training, and recreational flying.

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Merced County Office of Education 2004
                          The 13 American Colonies

The first colonies in North America were along the eastern coast. Settlers from Spain, France,
Sweden, Holland, and England claimed land beginning in the 17th century. The struggle for
control of this land would continue for more than a hundred years.

The first permanent settlement in North America was the English colony at Jamestown, in 1607,
in what is now Virginia. John Smith and company had come to stay. The Pilgrims followed, in
1620, and set up a colony at Plymouth, in what is now Massachusetts.

As more and more people arrived in the New World, more and more disputes arose over
territory. Many wars were fought in the 1600s and 1700s. Soon, the two countries with the
largest presence were England and France. The two nations fought for control of North America
in what Americans call the French and Indian War (1754-1763). England won the war and got
control of Canada, as well as keeping control of all the English colonies.

3. Which of these paragraphs would make the best conclusion to “The 13
American Colonies”?
A. By and large, the people who settled in the New England Colonies wanted to keep their
family unit together and practice their own religion. They were used to doing many things
themselves and not depending on other people for much. Some of these people came to New
England to make money, but they were not the majority.

B. By this time, the English colonies numbered 13. They were Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware,
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The 13 colonies reflected the many
different languages and nationalities of those who founded them.

C. The Southern Colonies were almost entirely agricultural. Southern plantations grew tobacco,
rice, and indigo, which they sold to buyers in England and elsewhere in America.

D. The New England Colonies were largely farming and fishing communities. The people made
their own clothes and shoes. They grew much of their own food. Crops like corn and wheat grew
in large numbers, and much was shipped to England. Foods that didn't grow in America were
shipped from England. Boston was the major New England port.




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Merced County Office of Education 2004
                              Kodiak Island

One hundred miles long and sixty miles wide, Kodiak Island is the second largest island in the
United States (after the island of Hawaii). Kodiak Island is a part of Alaska. You might expect
the weather to be cold there, but Kodiak Island’s climate is mild enough for farming. An
abundance of fish provides food for the human and animal populations. One of the busiest
season’s on Kodiak Island is summer, when the salmon return to the island’s streams to lay their
eggs.

Salmon are important to life on Kodiak Island. The native people, called Aleuts, have lived on
Kodiak Island for hundreds of years. Aleuts today still fish for salmon as their ancestors did
before them, using nests and lures. Animals such as the Kodiak bear, the eagle, and the fox also
eat the salmon.

4. Which of these paragraphs would make the best conclusion to “Kodiak
Island”?
A. The Kodiak bear, also known as the Alaskan Brown bear, can grow to be 10.5 feet long and
can weigh up to 900 lbs. The Kodiak bear lives only in Alaska because it's cold there. The bear
has a brown fluffy coat to keep it warm. The bear can eat just about anything in Alaska, but
especially loves salmon. It has large claws so it can catch fish and rip them apart. The bear also
has large teeth for eating its food.

 B. Salmon are a family of fishes that breed in rivers but live most of their adult lives at sea.
Salmon have orange or pink flesh. For centuries, salmon have been important food fish to people
of many nations. When they're ready to breed, most salmon find their way from the ocean back
to the same stream where they were born.

C. Life on Kodiak Island is very dependent upon the yearly salmon run. Without this important
food source, both the people and animals of the island would not have enough to eat.

D. The people known as the Aleuts are the native inhabitants of the islands stretching for about
1,100 mi southwestward from the Alaskan mainland and now called the Aleutian Islands.




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Merced County Office of Education 2004
Grade 5
Language Arts
Writing Strategies
  Standard 1.2c
  Create multiple-paragraph expository compositions:
  Offer a concluding paragraph that summarizes important ideas
  and details.



                                  Assessment KEY

   1.   D
   2.   A
   3.   B
   4.   C




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Merced County Office of Education 2004

				
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