FLOWERS_GRASSES - Potomac Valley Audubon Society

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					Original Sort        Family             Genus          Species              Subspecies

                 2   LIATUS             Graninafolia
                 3   ARISTOLOCHIACEAE   Aristolochia   macrophylla lam.
                 4   ANEMONE            Virginiana
                 5   A Cylindriaca
                 6   A Refarea
                 7   EMPETRACEAE        Ecupetrum      nigrum
                 9   LABIATAE           Lamium         amplexicaule L.
                10   LABIATAE                                               stockys
                11   ROSACEAE           Prunus         alleghaniensus       porter
                12   ROSACEAE           Spiraea        spirea
                13   RANUNCULACCAE      Delphinium     ajacis
                14   RANUNCULACCAE      Delphinium     exaltatum
                15   ROSACEAE           Agrimonia      parviflora Ait.
                16   ZIZIA              Umbelliferae   aurea
                17   LEGUMINOSAE        Medicago       sativa L.
                18   SAXIFRAGACEAE      Heuchera       americana L.
                19   CRUCIFERAE         Berteroa       incana

                20 ERICACEAE            Pieris         japonica
                21 RANUNCULACCAE        Anemonella     thalictroides
                22 RANUNCULACCAE        Anemonella     thalictroides

                23   RANUNCULACCAE      Anemonella     thalictroides
                24   RANUNCULACCAE      Anemone        quequefolia
                25   RANUNCULACCAE      Anemone        quequefolia
                26   RANUNCULACCAE      Anemone        quequefolia
                28   ERICACEAE          Epigaea        repens L.
                29   ERICACEAE          Epigaea        repens L.
                30   COMPOSITAE         Aster          macrophyllus

                31 COMPOSITAE           Aster          astercordifolius L

                32 COMPOSITAE           Aster          dumosus L.
                33 COMPOSITAE           Aster          lateriflorus L.      (Britton)

                34   COMPOSITAE         Aster          prenanthoides
                35   COMPOSITAE         Aster          patens               spreading
                36   SERICOCARPUS       Aster          linifoleus
                37   COMPOSITAE         Aster          simplex

                38 COMPOSITAE           Aster          schreberi            nees.
                39 COMPOSITAE           Aster          laevis L.


                40   COMPOSITAE         Sericocarpus   asteriodes L.
                41   COMPOSITAE         Sericocarpus   asteriodes L.
                42   COMPOSITAE         Sericocarpus   asteriodes L.
                43   COMPOSITAE         Sericocarpus   asteriodes L.
                44   COMPOSITAE         Aster          undulatus
45   COMPOSITAE        Aster               pilosus
46   COMPOSITAE        Aster               pilosus
47   COMPOSITAE        Aster               pilosus
48   COMPOSITAE        Aster               pilosus

49 COMPOSITAE          Aster               divaricatus
50 COMPOSITAE          Aster               divaricatus


51 COMPOSITAE          Aster               praealtus

52 COMPOSITAE          Aster               praealtus


53 COMPOSITAE         Aster                praealtus
   ELAEAGNUS/THYMELAE
   ACE AE (MESEERIUM
54 family)            Umbellata

55 ROSACEAE            Geum                virginianum L.

56 ROSACEAE            Geum                virginianum L.

57   ROSACEAE          Geum                virginianum L.
58   ROSACEAE          Geum                virginianum L.
59   ROSACEAE          Geum                virginianum L.
60   ROSACEAE          Geum                canadense Jacq.

61 RHODODENDRON        Ericaceae           roseum

62 BERBERI DACEAE      Berberis


63 SATUREJA            Vulagaris L.        fritsch
64 LABIATEAE           Pychlanthemum       clinopodioides


65 PENSTEMON           Scrophularicaceae

66 PENSTEMON           Scrophularicaceae

67 PENSTEMON           Scrophularicaceae

68   PENSTEMON         Conesceus           britton
69   PENSTEMON         Conesceus           britton
70   PENSTEMON         Conesceus           britton
71   PENSTEMON         Conesceus           britton
72   PENSTEMON         Conesceus           britton
73   PENSTEMON         Conesceus           britton
74 SCROPHUYLARIACEAE     Penstemon hirsutus   willa



75 SCROPHUYLARIACEAE     Penstemon hirsutus   willa



76   RUBIACEAE…GALEUM*   Pilosum
77   RUBIACEAE           Galium               latifolium Michx
78   RUBIACEAE           Galium               latifolium Michx
79   RUBIACEAE           Galium               asprellum Michx
80   RUBIACEAE           Galium               triflorium
81   RUBIACEAE           Galium               triflorium

82 RUBIACEAE             Galium               triflorium

                                              triflorium var. as
83 RUBIACEAE             Galium               prelliforme farnald
84 RUBIACEAE             Galium               mullugo l.


85 RUBIACEAE             Galium               mullugo l.


86 CAMPANULA             Campanulaceae        americana L.


87 CAMPANULA             Campanulaceae        americana L.

88   LILIACEAE           Uvularia             grandiflora
89   LILIACEAE           Uvularia             grandiflora
90   LILIACEAE           Uvularia L.          perfoliate
91   LILIACEAE           Uvularia L.          perfoliate



92 LILIACEAE             Uvularia L.          perfoliate

93 LILIACEAE             Uvularia L.          perfoliate

94 LILIACEAE             Uvularia L.          perfoliate
95 LILIACEAE             Uvularia L.          perfoliate

96 LILIACEAE             Uvularia             pudica


97 MONARDA               Fisturosa            tulnila
98 CONVOLVULACEAE        Convolvulus          arvensis L.
99 CONVOLVULACEAE        Convolvulus          arvensis L.
100 CRUCIFERAE (mustard)   Brassica            rapa L

                                               pennsylvanica
101 CRUCIFERAE             Cardamine           muhl

102 CELASTRUS              Scandeus            scandens

103 CELASTRUS              Scandeus            scandens

104 CELASTRUS              Scandeus            scandens
105 CELASTRUS              Scandeus            scandens

106 CELASTRUS              Scandeus            scandens
107 RUBUS                  Allegheniensis      porter

108 ROSACEAE               Rubus rosa bailey
109 ROSACEAE               Rubus rosa bailey


110 ROSACEAE               Rubus               cauadesie L


111 COMPOSITAE             Liatris             scariosa L


112 COMPOSITAE             Liatris             scariosa L


113 LILIACEAE              Chamaelinum         luteum L.


114 SANGUINARIA            Papaveraceae        canadensis L


115 SANGUINARIA            Papaveraceae        canadensis L
116 SANGUINARIA            Papaveraceae        canadensis L

117   SANGUINARIA          Papaveraceae        canadensis L
118   SANGUINARIA          Papaveraceae        canadensis L
119   SANGUINARIA          Papaveraceae        canadensis L
120   SANGUINARIA          Papaveraceae        canadensis L

121 SANGUINARIA            Papaveraceae        canadensis L

122 SANGUINARIA            Papaveraceae        canadensis L

123 SANGUINARIA            Papaveraceae        canadensis L
124 SANGUINARIA            Papaveraceae        canadensis L
125 IRIDACEAE              Sisyrinchium        mucronotum      michx
126 IRIDACEAE      Sisyrinchium      angustifolium      mill


127   IRIDACEAE    Sisyrinchium      montanum
128   IRIDACEAE    Sisyrinchium      montanum
129   IRIDACEAE    Sisyrinchium      montanum
130   IRIDACEAE    Sisyrinchium      montanum
131   RUBIACEAE    Houstonia         longifolia         gaertn
132   RUBIACEAE    Houstonia         longifolia         gaertn
133   RUBIACEAE    Houstonia         longifolia         gaertn
134   RUBIACEAE    Houstonia         longifolia         gaertn
135   RUBIACEAE    Houstonia         longifolia         gaertn
136   RUBIACEAE    Houstonia         longifolia         gaertn

137 RUBIACEAE      Houstonia         caerulea L.
138 RUBIACEAE      Houstonia         purfurea L.
139 ERICACEAE      Vaccinium         angustifolium

140 ERICACEAE      Vaccinium         vacillans Torr

141 ERICACEAE      Vaccinium         vacillans Torr
142 ERICACEAE      Vaccinium         vacillans Torr

143   ERICACEAE    Vaccinium         vacillans Torr
144   ERICACEAE    Vaccinium         vacillans Torr
145   ERICACEAE    Vaccinium         vacillans Torr
146   COMPOSITAE   Eupatorium        perfoliatum L.
147   COMPOSITAE   Kuhnia            eupatoriaides L.
148   COMPOSITAE   Kuhnia            eupatoriaides L.
149   COMPOSITAE   Kuhnia            eupatoriaides L.
150   COMPOSITAE   Kuhnia            eupatoriaides L.
151   COMPOSITAE   Kuhnia            eupatoriaides L.




152 COMPOSITAE     Eupatorium        sessilifolium

153 SAPONARIA      Caryophyllaceae   officinalis
154 SAPONARIA      Caryophyllaceae   officinalis
155 ROSACEAE              Gillenia    trifoliata

156 ROSACEAE              Gillenia    trifoliata

157   ROSACEAE            Gillenia    trifoliata
158   ROSACEAE            Rubus       angustifoliatus
159   SCROPPHULARIACEAE   Veronica    americeia
160   SCROPPHULARIACEAE   Veronica    americeia




161 POLYGONACEAE          Polygonum   scandens L.
162 POLYGONACEAE          Polygonum   scandens L.

163 POLYGONACEAE          Polygonum   scandens L.
164 POLYGONACEAE          Polygonum   cristatum
165 POLYGONACEAE          Polygonum   cristatum

166 POLYGONACEAE          Polygonum   cristatum
167 LABIATAE              Lycopus     virginicus L.
168 LABIATAE              Lycopus     virginicus L.

169 LABIATAE              Lycopus     uniflorus michx.




170 COMPOSITAE            Aretium     minus
171 COMPOSITAE            Aretium     minus
172 COMPOSITAE            Aretium     minus


173   COMPOSITAE          Aretium     minus
174   COMPOSITAE          Aretium     minus
175   COMPOSITAE          Aretium     minus
176   COMPOSITAE          Xanthium    strumarium L.




                                      procumbens
177   LEGUMINOSAE         Lespedeza   michx.
178   LEGUMINOSAE         Lespedeza   vigninica L.
179   LEGUMINOSAE         Lespedeza   hirta L.
180   LEGUMINOSAE         Lespedeza   hirta L.
181 SCROPHULARIACEAE     Linaris        vulgaris

182   SCROPHULARIACEAE   Linaris        vulgaris
183   SCROPHULARIACEAE   Linaris        vulgaris
184   SCROPHULARIACEAE   Linaris        vulgaris
185   SCROPHULARIACEAE   Linaris        vulgaris
186   SCROPHULARIACEAE   Linaris        vulgaris




187 ASCLEPIADADEAE       Asclephias     tuberosa L.
188 RANUNCULOCEAE        Ranunculus     acris




189 RANUNCULOCEAE        Ranunculus     acris
190 CARYOPHYLLACEAE      Silene         stellata L.

191 CARYOPHYLLACEAE      Silene         stellata L.

192 CARYOPHYLLACEAE      Silene         stellata L.

193 CARYOPHYLLACEAE      Silene         stellata L.
194 MENISPERMACEAE       Menispermum    canadense L.

195 SCROPHYLARIACEAE     Scrophylaria   lanceolota

196 SCROPHYLARIACEAE     Scrophylaria   lanceolota


197 LILIACEAE            Smilax         Herbacea L.

198 CARYOPHYLLACEAE      Silene         antirrhina L.
199 LABIATAE             Nepata         cataria L.

200 LABIATAE             Nepata         cataria L.
201 LABIATAE             Nepata         cataria L.




202 LABIATAE             Nepata         cataria L.
203 CARYOPHYLLACEAE      Cerastium      vulgatum L.
204 CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Cerastium       vulgatum L.

205 CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Cerastium       vulgatum L.
206 CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Cerastium       vulgatum L.


208 CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Paronychia      fastigiate
210 CRUCIFEREAE       Paronychia      canadensis

211 CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Cerastium       nutans




212 COMPOSITAE        Cichorium       intybus


213 COMPOSITAE        Cichorium       intybus


214 COMPOSITAE        Cichorium       intybus




215 COMPOSITAE        Chrysanthemum


216 ROSACEAE          Potentilla      canadensis L.
217 ROSACEAE          Potentilla      simplex L.




218 ROSACEAE          Potentilla      simplex L.

219   ROSACEAE        Potentilla      norvagica L.
220   ROSACEAE        Potentilla      norvagica L.
221   ROSACEAE        Potentilla      norvagica L.
222   ROSACEAE        Potentilla      norvagica L.
223   ROSACEAE        Potentilla      norvagica L.
224   ROSACEAE        Potentilla      norvagica L.
225   ROSACEAE        Potentilla      recta L.
226   ROSACEAE        Potentilla      recta L.
227   ROSACEAE        Potentilla      recta L.
228 ROSACEAE         Potentilla     recta L.
229 ROSACEAE         Potentilla     recta L.

230 ROSACEAE         Potentilla     recta L.


231 URTICACEAE       Pilea          pumila L.
232 URTICACEAE       Pilea          pumila L.
233 URTICACEAE       Pilea          pumila L.

234 RUBIACEAE        Galium*        aparine L.

235   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      hybridum L.
236   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      hybridum L.
237   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      dubium sibth
238   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      dubium sibth
239   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      dubium sibth
240   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      dubium sibth
                                    campestre
241 LEGUMINOSEAE     Trifolium      schreber
                                    campestre
242 LEGUMINOSEAE     Trifolium      schreber
                                    campestre
243 LEGUMINOSEAE     Trifolium      schreber



244 LEGUMINOSEAE     Trifolium      arvense L.
245 LEGUMINOSEAE     Trifolium      protense L.
246 LEGUMINOSEAE     Trifolium      protense L.


247   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      protense L.
248   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      protense L.
249   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      protense L.
250   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      procumbens L.
251   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      aguarium L.
252   LEGUMINOSEAE   Trifolium      aguarium L.

253 LEGUMINOSEAE     Trifolium      repens L
254 LEGUMINOSEAE     Trifolium      repens L

255 LEGUMINOSEAE     Trifolium      repens L


256 BERBERIDACEAE    Caulophylium   thalictroides L.

257 COMPOSITEAE      Tussilago*     farfara L



258 COMPOSITEAE      Tussilago*     farfara L
259 COMPOSITEAE      Tussilago*   farfara L
260 COMPOSITEAE      Tussilago*   farfara L
261 COMPOSITEAE      Tussilago*   farfara L

262 COMPOSITEAE      Tussilago*   farfara L
263 COMPOSITEAE      Tussilago*   farfara L

264 COMPOSITEAE      Tussilago*   farfara L
265 COMPOSITEAE      Tussilago*   farfara L




266 RANUNCULACEAE    Aquilegra    canadensis

267 FUMARIACEAE      Coryfalis    flavula

268 FUMARIACEAE      Coryfalis    flavula


269 FUMARIACEAE      Coryfalis    flavula



270 BORAGINACEAE     Mertensia    virginica L.

271 BORAGINACEAE     Mertensia    virginica L.

272 BORAGINACEAE     Mertensia    virginica L.

273   BORAGINACEAE   Mertensia    virginica L.
274   GERANIACEAE    Geranium     carolinianum L.
275   GERANIACEAE    Geranium     carolinianum L.
276   GERANIACEAE    Geranium     carolinianum L.
277   GERANIACEAE    Geranium     carolinianum L.

278 GERANIACEAE      Geranium     columbinum L

279 GERANIACEAE      Geranium     pusillum L.
280 GERANIACEAE      Geranium     pusillum L.

281 CRUCIFERAE       Lepidium     campestre L.

282 CRUCIFERAE       Lepidium     campestre L.

283 CRUCIFERAE       Lepidium     campestre L.
284 CRUCIFERAE       Barbara      verna
285   CRUCIFERAE      Barbara         vulgaris
286   CRUCIFERAE      Barbara         vulgaris
287   CRUCIFERAE      Barbara         vulgaris
288   CRUCIFERAE      Barbara         vulgaris
289   CRUCIFERAE      Barbara         vulgaris
290   RANUNCULACEAE   Ranunculos      allegheninsis
291   RANUNCULACEAE   Ranunculos      recuvatus poir
292   RANUNCULACEAE   Ranunculos      recuvatus poir

293 RANUNCULACEAE     Ranunculos      abortivus L.
294 RANUNCULACEAE     Ranunculos      abortivus L.

295 COMPOSITAE        Gnaphalium      obtusifolium L.

296 COMPOSITAE        Gnaphalium      obtusifolium L.

297 COMPOSITAE        Gnaphalium      obtusifolium L.

298 COMPOSITAE        Gnaphalium      obtusifolium L.

299 COMPOSITAE        Gnaphalium      obtusifolium L.

300   COMPOSITAE      Gnaphalium      purpureum L.
301   COMPOSITAE      Gnaphalium      purpureum L.
302   COMPOSITAE      Gnaphalium      purpureum L.
303   COMPOSITAE      Krigia          biflora




304   COMPOSITAE      Chrysanthemum   leveanthemum
305   COMPOSITAE      Chrysanthemum   leveanthemum
306   COMPOSITAE      Chrysanthemum   leveanthemum
307   COMPOSITAE      Chrysanthemum   leveanthemum

308 AMARYLIDACEAE     Narcissus       pseudo narcisus


309 COMPOSITAE        Taraxacum       officionale
310 COMMELINACEAE     Commelina       zabrina



311 LILIACEAE         Hemerocallis    fulva L.

312 LILIACEAE         Hemerocallis    fulva L.
313   LILIACEAE      Hemerocallis   flava L.
314   LILIACEAE      Hemerocallis   flava L.
315   LILIACEAE      Hemerocallis   flava L.
316   LILIACEAE      Hemerocallis   flava L.


317 ERICACEAE        Vaccinium      stamineum L.


318 ERICACEAE        Vaccinium      stamineum L.


319 ERICACEAE        Vaccinium      stamineum L.


320 ERICACEAE        Vaccinium      stamineum L.


321 ERICACEAE        Vaccinium      stamineum L.


322 ERICACEAE        Vaccinium      stamineum L.


323 ERICACEAE        Vaccinium      stamineum L.
324 COMPOSITAE       Galinsoga      ciliata


325 ROSACEAE         Rubus          enslenii          trattinik

326 ROSACEAE         Rubus          enslenii          trattinik
327 ROSACEAE         Rubus          enslenii          trattinik

328 ROSACEAE         Rubus          felix bailey
329 ROSACEAE         Rubus          flagellaris

330 ROSACEAE         Rubus          flagellaris
331 ROSACEAE         Rubus          flagellaris
332 ROSACEAE         Rubus          flagellaris

333 LABIATAE         Cunila         origanoides
334 LABIATAE         Cunila         origanoides

335   LABIATAE       Cunila         origanoides
336   LABIATAE       Cunila         origanoides
337   LABIATAE       Cunila         origanoides
338   POLYGONACEAE   Rumex          obtusifolius L.
339 CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Viburnum    acerifolium L.


340 CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Viburnum    acerifolium L.


341 APOCYNACEAE      Apocynom    androsaetrifolium
342 APOCYNACEAE      Apocynom    androsaetrifolium
343 APOCYNACEAE      Apocynom    androsaetrifolium

344   APOCYNACEAE    Apocynom    androsaetrifolium
345   APOCYNACEAE    Apocynom    androsaetrifolium
346   APOCYNACEAE    Apocynom    androsaetrifolium
347   APOCYNACEAE    Apocynom    androsaetrifolium
348   APOCYNACEAE    Apocynom    androsaetrifolium

349 FUMARICEAE       Dicentra    cucallaria
350 FUMARICEAE       Dicentra    cucallaria

351 CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Sambucus    canadensis L.

352 CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Sambucus    canadensis L.

353 CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Sambucus    canadensis L.

354 CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Sambucus    canadensis L.


355 ONAGRACEAE       Oenothera   biennis L.

356 ONAGRACEAE       Oenothera   biennis L.

357 ONAGRACEAE       Oenothera   biennis L.

358 ONAGRACEAE       Oenothera   biennis L.

359 ONAGRACEAE       Oenothera   biennis L.
360 ONAGRACEAE       Oenothera   lacinata Hill

361 ONAGRACEAE       Oenothera   perennis L.

362 ONAGRACEAE       Oenothera   perennis L.

363 COMPOSITAE       Anapholis   maragaritacea L.

364 COMPOSITAE       Anapholis   maragaritacea L.
365 COMPOSITAE       Anapholis   maragaritacea L.
366 COMPOSITAE       Anapholis   maragaritacea L.

367 COMPOSITAE       Anapholis   maragaritacea L.
368 CRUCIFERAE         Camelina    sativa L.
369 LINACEAE           Linium      virginianum L.

370 COMPOSITAE         Erigeron    phildelphiaus L.

371 COMPOSITAE         Erigeron    phildelphiaus L.

372 COMPOSITAE         Erigeron    phildelphiaus L.

373 COMPOSITAE         Erigeron    phildelphiaus L.

374   COMPOSITAE       Erigeron    annus L
375   COMPOSITAE       Erigeron    annus L
376   COMPOSITAE       Erigeron    annus L
377   COMPOSITAE       Erigeron    annus L
378   COMPOSITAE       Erigeron    annus L

379 BORAGINACEAE       Myosotis    scorpoides L.



380 BORAGINACEAE       Myosotis    scorpoides L.

381   OLEACEAE         Forsythia   suspensa or
382   OLEACEAE         Forsythia   suspensa or
383   OLEACEAE         Forsythia   suspensa or
384   OLEACEAE         Forsythia   suspensa or

385 OLEACEAE           Forsythia   suspensa or

386 OLEACEAE           Forsythia   suspensa or

387 OLEACEAE           Forsythia   suspensa or

388   OLEACEAE         Forsythia   suspensa or
389   OLEACEAE         Forsythia   suspensa or
391   OLEACEAE         Forsythia   suspensa or
392   OLEACEAE         Forsythia   suspensa or

393 OLEACEAE           Forsythia   suspensa or


394 OLEACEAE           Forsythia   hybrid intermedia

395 SCROPHULARIACEAE   Gerardia    virginica L


396 SCROPHULARIACEAE   Gerardia    laevigata


397 SCROPHULARIACEAE   Gerardia    laevigata
398 SCROPHULARIACEAE   Gerardia              laevigata

                                             pedicularia/pedicu
399 SCROPHULARIACEAE   Gerardia/Aureolaria   laria


400 SCROPHULARIACEAE   Gerardia              flava L.
401 COMPOSITAE         Galinsoga             pariflora

402 COMPOSITAE         Galinsoga             pariflora
403 COMPOSITAE         Galinsoga             pariflora

404 LILIACEAE          Allium                canadense L.
405 LILIACEAE          Allium                canadense L.
406 LILIACEAE          Allium                canadense L.

407 LILIACEAE          Allium                canadense L.
408 LILIACEAE          Allium                canadense L.

409 LILIACEAE          Allium                canadense L.
410 LILIACEAE          Allium                canadense L.




411 GERANIACEAE        Geranium              moculatum L.



412 GERANIACEAE        Geranium              moculatum L.



413 GERANIACEAE        Geranium              moculatum L.



414 GERANIACEAE        Geranium              moculatum L.



415 GERANIACEAE        Geranium              moculatum L.




416 ARALIACEAE         Panax                 quinquefolius L
417 ARALIACEAE         Panax                 quinquefolius L
418 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

419 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L




420 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

421 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L
422 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L




423 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L




424 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

425 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

426 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

427 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L



428 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L
429 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L
430 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

431 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L


432 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

433 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L
434 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

435 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L
436 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

437 ARALIACEAE   Panax      quinquefolius L

438 LABIATAE     Tencrium   canadense L.
439 LABIATAE         Glechoma      lederacea L.
440 LABIATAE         Glechoma      lederacea L.


441 COMPOSITAE       Tragopogon    pratensis L

442 LEGUMINOSAE      Tephrosia     virginiana L.
443 LEGUMINOSAE      Tephrosia     virginiana L.


444   LEGUMINOSAE    Tephrosia     virginiana L.
445   LEGUMINOSAE    Tephrosia     virginiana L.
446   LEGUMINOSAE    Tephrosia     virginiana L.
447   LEGUMINOSAE    Tephrosia     virginiana L.
448   LEGUMINOSAE    Tephrosia     virginiana L.
449   LEGUMINOSAE    Tephrosia     virginiana L.
450   UMBELLIFERAE   Zizia         aurea
451   UMBELLIFERAE   Zizia         trifoliata
452   UMBELLIFERAE   Zizia         trifoliata

453 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.


454 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.

455 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.

456 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.

457 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.

458 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.
459 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.

460 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.


461 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.


462 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.
463 COMPOSITAE       Chrysogonum   virginianum L.
464 COMPOSITAE       Solidago      curtisii

465 COMPOSITAE       Solidago      curtisii




466 COMPOSITAE       Solidago      puberula
467 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      juncea
468 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      ulmifolia
469 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      ulmifolia

470 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      graminifolia L.

471 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      graminifolia L.

472   COMPOSITAE    Solidago      graminifolia L.
473   COMPOSITAE    Solidago      gigantea
474   COMPOSITAE    Solidago      roanensis
475   COMPOSITAE    Solidago      memoralia Ait.
476   COMPOSITAE    Solidago      memoralia Ait.



477 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      patula

478 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      patula
479 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      patula
480 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      erect pursh.

481 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      squarrosa Muhl.


482 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      squarrosa Muhl.

483   COMPOSITAE    Solidago      odona
484   COMPOSITAE    Solidago      odona
485   COMPOSITAE    Solidago      altissima L.
486   COMPOSITAE    Solidago      altissima L.

487 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      caesia L.

488 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      caesia L.

489 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      caesia L.

490 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      rugosa

491 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      flexicaulis L.

492 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      flexicaulis L.

493 COMPOSITAE      Solidago      flexicaulis L.
494 SAXIFRAGACEAE   Ribes         rotundifolium
495 CHENOPODACEAE   Chenopodium   stanabyannum      aellev
496 VITACEAE     Vitis               cinerae



497 VITACEAE     Vitis               labrusca L.

498 VITACEAE     Vitis               rupestis
499 VITACEAE     Vitis               bicolor Leconte
500 VITACEAE     Vitis               bicolor Leconte


501 VITACEAE     Vitis               aestivalis
502 VITACEAE     Vitis               aestivalis

503   VITACEAE   Vitis               aestivalis
504   VITACEAE   Vitis               aestivalis
505   VITACEAE   Vitis               aestivalis
506   VITACEAE   Vitis               aestivalis

507 VITACEAE     Vitis               niepena L.
508 VITACEAE     Vitis               niepena L.
509 VITACEAE     Vitis               niepena L.

510 LILIACEAE    Smilax              rotundifolio L.

511 LILIACEAE    Smilax              rotundifolio L.

512 LILIACEAE    Smilax              rotundifolio L.

513 LILIACEAE    Smilax              rotundifolio L.

514 LILIACEAE    Smilax              rotundifolio L.


515 LILIACEAE    Smilax              rotundifolio L.

516 LILIACEAE    Smilax              rotundifolio L.

517 LILIACEAE    Smilax              rotundifolio L.




                 Physallis-Greek-
518 SOLANACEAE   physallis-bladder   heterophylla
                 Physallis-Greek-
519 SOLANACEAE   physallis-bladder   heterophylla
                 Physallis-Greek-
520 SOLANACEAE   physallis-bladder   heterophylla
                     Physallis-Greek-
521 SOLANACEAE       physallis-bladder   heterophylla
                     Physallis-Greek-
522 SOLANACEAE       physallis-bladder   heterophylla
                     Physallis-Greek-
523 SOLANACEAE       physallis-bladder   heterophylla

524 CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Virburnum           prunifolium L
525 CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Virburnum           prunifolium L

526 COMPOSITAE       Crepis              pulchra L.

527 COMPOSITAE       Crepis              pulchra L.
528 COMPOSITAE       Crepis              cafillaris L


529   COMPOSITAE     Hieracium           pratense
530   COMPOSITAE     Hieracium           pratense
531   COMPOSITAE     Hieracium           pratense
532   COMPOSITAE     Hieracium           pratense
533   COMPOSITAE     Hieracium           pratense
534   COMPOSITAE     Hieracium           pratense
535   COMPOSITAE     Hieracium           traillii
536   COMPOSITAE     Hieracium           gronovii
537   COMPOSITAE     Hieracium           gronovii

538 COMPOSITAE       Hieracium           aurantiacum L.

539 COMPOSITAE       Hieracium           aurantiacum L.
540 COMPOSITAE       Hieracium           scabium
541 COMPOSITAE       Hieracium           scabium


542 CORYLACEAE       Corylus             americana

543 CORYLACEAE       Corylus             cornuta
544 RANUNCULACEAE    Hepatica            americana

545 RANUNCULACEAE    Hepatica            americana
546 RANUNCULACEAE    Hepatica            americana

547 RANUNCULACEAE    Hepatica            americana
548 RANUNCULACEAE    Hepatica            americana

549 RANUNCULACEAE    Hepatica            americana

550 RANUNCULACEAE    Hepatica            americana

551 RANUNCULACEAE    Hepatica            americana

552 GERANIACEAE      Geranium            robertianum L.
553 SAXIFRAGACEAE      Heuchera       pubescens
554 LEGUMONISAE        Amphicarpa     bracteata L.

555 LEGUMONISAE        Amphicarpa     bracteata L.
556 LEGUMONISAE        Amphicarpa     bracteata L.


557 UMBELLIFERAE       Cryptotaenia   ronodensis L.
558 UMBELLIFERAE       Cryptotaenia   ronodensis L.



559 CAPRIFOLIACEAE     Lonicera       japonica

560 CAPRIFOLIACEAE     Lonicera       morrowi
561 CAPRIFOLIACEAE     Lonicera       morrowi

562 CAPRIFOLIACEAE     Lonicera       morrowi

563   CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Lonicera       morrowi
564   CAPRIFOLIACEAE   Lonicera       morrowi
565   CANNABINACEAE    Humulus        lupulus L.
566   LABIATAE         Lycopus        americanus



567 LABIATAE           Monarm         punctata

568 LABIATAE           Monarm         punctata

569 EQUISETACEAE       Equisetum      arvense L.




570 COMPOSITAE         Erigeron       canadensis L.

571 ERICACEAE          Gaylussacia    baccata

572 ERICACEAE          Gaylussacia    baccata

573 ERICACEAE          Gaylussacia    baccata

574 ERICACEAE          Gaylussacia    baccata

575 ERICACEAE          Gaylussacia    baccata



576 LEGUMINOSAE        Dolichos       Lablab L.
577 LILIACEAE     Muscari     botryoides
578 LILIACEAE     Muscari     botryoides


579 LILIACEAE     Muscari     botryoides

580 LILIACEAE     Muscari     botryoides
581 LILIACEAE     Muscari     botryoides



582 LILIACEAE     Camassia    Scillordos

583 LILIACEAE     Camassia    Scillordos

584 LILIACEAE     Camassia    Scillordos

585 LILIACEAE     Camassia    Scillordos


586 LILIACEAE     Camassia    Scillordos

587 LILIACEAE     Camassia    Scillordos

588 LILIACEAE     Camassia    Scillordos

589 LILIACEAE     Medeola     virginiana L


590 APOCYNACEAE   Apocynum    cannabinum L.


591 APOCYNACEAE   Apocynum    cannabinum L.


592 PYROLACCAE    Monotropa   uniflora L.

593 PYROLACCAE    Monotropa   uniflora L.

594 PYROLACCAE    Monotropa   uniflora L.

595 PYROLACCAE    Monotropa   uniflora L.

596 PYROLACCAE    Monotropa   uniflora L.

597 PYROLACCAE    Monotropa   uniflora L.

598 PYROLACCAE    Monotropa   uniflora L.

599 PYROLACCAE    Monotropa   uniflora L.
600   LOBELIACEAE    Lobelia              inflata L.
601   LOBELIACEAE    Lobelia              inflata L.
602   LOBELIACEAE    Lobelia              inflata L.
603   LOBELIACEAE    Lobelia              inflata L.
604   LOBELIACEAE    Lobelia              inflata L.




605 LEGUMINOSAE      Baptisia             tinctoria L
606 LEGUMINOSAE      Baptisia             tinctoria L
607 LEGUMINOSAE      Baptisia             tinctoria L

608 LEGUMINOSAE      Baptisia             tinctoria L




609 IRIDACEAE        Iris barbata         germanica

610 IRIDACEAE        Iris barbata         germanica

611 IRIDACEAE        Iris barbata         germanica

612 IRIDACEAE        Iris barbata         germanica

613 IRIDACEAE        Iris barbata         germanica

614 IRIDACEAE        Iris barbata         germanica




615 ANACARDIACEAE    Rhus                 radicans L.
616 ANACARDIACEAE    Rhus                 radicans L.

617 ANACARDIACEAE    Rhus                 radicans L.
618 ANACARDIACEAE    Rhus                 radicans L.
619 COMPOSITAE       Eupatorium Barratt   fistulosum

620 COMPOSITAE       Eupatorium           maculatum L.

621 COMPOSITAE       Eupatorium           purpureum L.

622 COMPOSITAE       Eupatorium           purpureum L.

623 AMARYLLIDACEAE   Narcissus            jonquilla
624 AMARYLLIDACEAE   Narcissus            jonquilla
625 AMARYLLIDACEAE   Narcissus            jonquilla
626 LEGUMINOSAE    Phaseolus     polystachios L.

627 COMPOSITAE     Centaurea     nigra L.

628 COMPOSITAE     Centaurea     nigra L.

629 COMPOSITAE     Centaurea     nigra L.

630 COMPOSITAE     Centaurea     nigra L.



631 COMPOSITAE     Centaurea     maculosa

632 COMPOSITAE     Centaurea     maculosa



633 POLYGONACEAE   Polygonuym    aviculara L.

634 ORCHIDACEAE    Spiranthes    cernua L.
635 ORCHIDACEAE    Spiranthes    cernua L.




636 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   acavie Ait.
637 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   acavie Ait.



638 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens

639 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens
640 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens


641 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens

642 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens
643 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens

644 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens
645 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens
646 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens


647 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens

648 ORCHIDACEAE    Cypripedium   pubescens
649 ORCHIDACEAE      Cypripedium    pubescens



650 CHENOPODIACEAE   Chenopodium    album
651 CHENOPODIACEAE   Chenopodium    album

652 RANUNCULACEAE    Delphinium     spp




653   ERICACEAE      Rhododendron   maximum L.
654   ERICACEAE      Rhododendron   maximum L.
655   ERICACEAE      Rhododendron   maximum L.
656   ERICACEAE      Rhododendron   maximum L.

657 ERICACEAE        Rhododendron   maximum L.


658 ERICACEAE        Rhododendron   maximum L.
659 ERICACEAE        Rhododendron   maximum L.


660 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.

661 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.

662 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.

663 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.

664 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.

665 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.



666 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.

667 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.


668 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.


669 ERICACEAE        Kalmia         latifolia L.

                                    catawbiense
670 ERICACEAE        Rhododendron   Michx.
                                       catawbiense
671 ERICACEAE     Rhododendron         Michx.
                                       catawbiense
672 ERICACEAE     Rhododendron         Michx.
                                       catawbiense
673 ERICACEAE     Rhododendron         Michx.


674 LEGUMINOSAE   Lespedeza            bicolor

675 LEGUMINOSAE   Lespedeza            bicolor

676 LEGUMINOSAE   Lespedeza            bicolor

677 LEGUMINOSAE   Lespedeza            bicolor

678 LEGUMINOSAE   Lespedeza            bicolor


679 LEGUMINOSAE   Lespedeza            bicolor

680 LEGUMINOSAE   Lespedeza            bicolor

681 COMPOSITAE    Lactuca (lac-milk)   hirsuta Muhl.

682 COMPOSITAE    Lactuca              scariola L


683 COMPOSITAE    Prenanthes           alba

684 COMPOSITAE    Lactuca              canadensis L.

685 OLEACEAE      Syringa              vulgaris
686 OLEACEAE      Syringa              vulgaris


687 OLEACEAE      Syringa              vulgaris



688 OLEACEAE      Syringa              vulgaris

689 RUBIACEAE     galium               circaezans Michx.

690 RUBIACEAE     galium               circaezans Michx.


691 RUBIACEAE     galium               circaezans Michx.

                                       circaezans Michx.
                                       Var hypomalacum
692 RUBIACEAE     Galium               Fernald
                                circaezans Michx.
                                Var hypomalacum
693 RUBIACEAE     Galium        Fernald

694 LILIACEAE     Convallaria   majalis
695 LILIACEAE     Convallaria   majalis
696 LILIACEAE     Convallaria   majalis



697 LILIACEAE     Lilium        tigrinum
698 LILIACEAE     Lilium        tigrinum


699 LILIACEAE     Lilium        tigrinum


700 LILIACEAE     Lilium        tigrinum


701 LILIACEAE     Lilium        tigrinum
702 LILIACEAE     Lilium        tigrinum
                                trifoliata (cass)
703 COMPOSITAE    Prenanthes    Fernald
                                trifoliata (cass)
704 COMPOSITAE    Prenanthes    Fernald

705 LOBELACEAE    Lobelia       spicata Lam.


706 LOBELACEAE    Lobelia       spicata Lam.
707 LOBELACEAE    Lobelia       spicata Lam.
                                spicata var.
708 LOBELACEAE    Lebelia       scaposa
                                spicata var.
709 LOBELACEAE    Lebelia       scaposa
                                spicata var.
710 LOBELACEAE    Lebelia       scaposa
                                spicata var.
711 LOBELACEAE    Lebelia       scaposa
                                spicata var.
712 LOBELACEAE    Lebelia       scaposa


                                spicata var.
713 LOBELACEAE    Lebelia       scaposa

714 PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia    punctata
715 PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia    lanceolata
716   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
717   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
718   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
719   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
720   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
721   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
722   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
723   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
724   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.

725 PRIMULACEAE     Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
726 PRIMULACEAE     Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.

727 PRIMULACEAE     Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.

728   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
729   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
730   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.
731   PRIMULACEAE   Lysimachia*   quadrifolia L.


732   PHYRMACEAE    Phryma        leptostachya L.
733   PHYRMACEAE    Phryma        leptostachya L.
734   PHYRMACEAE    Phryma        leptostachya L.
735   PHYRMACEAE    Phryma        leptostachya L.
736   SOLANACEAE    Lycium        lalimifolium Mill.




737 BERBERIDACEAE   Podophylium   peltatum L.

738 BERBERIDACEAE   Podophylium   peltatum L.
739 RANUNCULACEAE   Thalictrum    revolutuon




740 RANUNCULACEAE   Thalictrum    polygamum

741 RANUNCULACEAE   Thalictrum    polygamum

742 RANUNCULACEAE   Thalictrum    polygamum
743   RANUNCULACEAE   Thalictrum     polygamum
744   EUPHORBACEAE    Acalypha       rhomboidea
745   EUPHORBACEAE    Acalypha       rhomboidea
746   EUPHORBACEAE    Acalypha       gracilens



747 ASCLEPIADACEAE    Asclepias      quadrifolia




748 ASCLEPIADACEAE    Asclepias      quadrifolia

749 ASCLEPIADACEAE    Asclepias      quadrifolia

750 ASCLEPIADACEAE    Asclepias      quadrifolia

751 ASCLEPIADACEAE    Asclepias      quadrifolia

752 ASCLEPIADACEAE    Asclepias      quadrifolia

753 ASCLEPIADACEAE    Asclepias      quadrifolia

754 ASCLEPIADACEAE    Asclepias      variagata L.
755 ASCLEPIADACEAE    Asclepias      variagata L.
756 POLYGALACEAE      Polygala       sanquinea

757   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       polygama
758   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       polygama
759   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       polygama
760   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       polygama
761   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       polygama
762   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       polygama
763   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       polygama
764   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       polygama
765   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       verticillata L.
766   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       verticillata L.
767   POLYGALACEAE    Polygala       verticillata L.




768 LABIATEAE         Pycnanthemum   vividifolium
769 LABIATEAE         Pycnanthemum   vividifolium




770 LABIATEAE         Pycnanthemum   incenum
771 LABIATEAE          Pycnanthemum   incenum

772 LABIATEAE          Pycnanthemum   incenum
773 LABIATEAE          Pycnanthemum   incenum

774 LABIATEAE          Pycnanthemum   incenum
775 LABIATEAE          Pycnanthemum   incenum
776 LABIATAE           Pycnanthemum   verticillatum
                                      pycnanthemoides
777 LABIATAE           Pycnanthemum   Fernald
                                      pycnanthemoides
778 LABIATAE           Pycnanthemum   Fernald
                                      pycnanthemoides
779 LABIATAE           Pycnanthemum   Fernald




780 LABIATAE           Mentha         arvensis
781 LABIATAE           Mentha         arvensis
782 LABIATAE           Mentha         arvensis




783 SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Mimulus        ringens L.

784 CONVOLVULACEAE     Iponea         hederacea


785   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.
786   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.
787   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.
788   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.
789   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.
790   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.

791   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.
792   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.
793   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.
794   LABIATAE         leonurus       cardiaca L.

                                      montona var.
795 AQUIFOLEACEAE      Ilex           mollis (gray)

796 COMPOSITAE         Artemisia      vulgaris L.
797 COMPOSITAE         Artemisia      vulgaris L.
798 COMPOSITAE         Artemisia      vulgaris L.
799 SCROPLIARIACEAE   Verbascum    thapsus L.



800 SCROPLIARIACEAE   Verbascum    thapsus L.



801 SCROPLIARIACEAE   Verbascum    thapsus L.



802 SCROPLIARIACEAE   Verbascum    thapsus L.




803 SCROPLIARIACEAE   Verbascum    thapsus L.



804 SCROPLIARIACEAE   Verbascum    thapsus L.



805 SCROPLIARIACEAE   Verbascum    thapsus L.




806 CRUCIFERAE        Brassica     nigra L.


807   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
808   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
809   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
810   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
811   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
812   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
813   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis

814   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
815   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
816   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
817   CRUCIFERAE      Alliaria     offiainalis
818   CRUCIFERAE      Sisymbrium   altissimum L.

819 CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Paronychia   montana (pink)
820   AMARYLLIDACEAE   Narcissum             tazeta
821   AMARYLLIDACEAE   Narcissum             tazeta
822   URTICACEAE       Boehmeria             cylindrica L.
823   URTICACEAE       Laportea              canadensis L.

824 RHAMNACEAE         Ceanothus             americanus L.
825 SOLANACEAE         Solanum               americanum mill.
                       Circaea* comes from
                       Circe, the
826 ONAGRACEAE         Enchantress           alpine L.
                       Circaea* comes from
                       Circe, the
827   ONAGRACEAE       Enchantress           alpine L.
828   ONAGRACEAE       Circaea               quadrisuslcata
829   ONAGRACEAE       Circaea               quadrisuslcata
830   COMPOSITAE       Heliopsis             scabra Dunal
831   COMPOSITAE       Heliopsis             scabra Dunal
832   COMPOSITAE       Heliopsis             scabra Dunal
833   COMPOSITAE       Heliopsis             scabra Dunal
834   COMPOSITAE       Heliopsis             scabra Dunal


835 VIOLACEAE          Viola                 kitaibeliana

836 VIOLACEAE          Viola                 kitaibeliana
837 VIOLACEAE          Viola                 kitaibeliana




                                             pensylvanica
838 URTICACEAE         Pariateria            Muhl




839 LABIATAE           Hedeoma               pulegioides
840 LABIATAE           Hedeoma               pulegioides
841 LABIATAE           Hedeoma               pulegioides


842 LABIATAE           Hedeoma               pulegioides

843 LABIATAE           Hedeoma               pulegioides
844 LABIATAE           Hedeoma               pulegioides
845 LABIATAE           Hedeoma               pulegioides
846 LABIATAE          Hedeoma   pulegioides
847 LABIATAE          Hedeoma   pulegioides
848 LABIATAE          Hedeoma   pulegioides

849   RANUNCULACEAE   Paeonia   officinales
850   RANUNCULACEAE   Paeonia   officinales
851   RANUNCULACEAE   Paeonia   officinales
852   RANUNCULACEAE   Paeonia   officinales
853   RANUNCULACEAE   Paeonia   officinales




854 APOCYNACEAE       Vinca     minor L


855 APOCYNACEAE       Vinca     minor L


856 APOCYNACEAE       Vinca     minor L


857 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     paniculata

858 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     paniculata

859 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     paniculata

860 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     paniculata

861 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     paniculata



862 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     subulata L.

863 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     subulata L.


864 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     subulata L.

865 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     subulata L.

866 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     subulata L.

867 POLEMONIACEAE     Phlox     subulata L.
868 POLEMONIACEAE      Phlox                subulata L.

869 POLEMONIACEAE      Phlox                subulata L.

870 POLEMONIACEAE      Phlox                subulata L.


871 POLEMONIACEAE      Phlox                subulata L.

872 POLEMONIACEAE      Phlox                subulata L.

873 POLEMONIACEAE      Phlox                subulata L.

874 POLEMONIACEAE      Phlox                subulata L.

875   POLEMONIACEAE    Phlox                subulata L.
876   COMPOSITAE       Erechtites           hieracifolia L.
877   COMPOSITAE       Erechtites           hieracifolia L.
878   COMPOSITAE       Erechtites           hieracifolia L.

879 COMPOSITAE         Erechtites           hieracifolia L.
880 COMPOSITAE         Erechtites           hieracifolia L.


                       Anagallis* compiled
                       from a word meaning
881 PRIMULACEAE        "featherlike"       arvensis

                       Anagallis* compiled
                       from a word meaning
882 PRIMULACEAE        "featherlike"       arvensis

                       Anagallis* compiled
                       from a word meaning
883 PRIMULACEAE        "featherlike"       arvensis

                       Anagallis* compiled
                       from a word meaning
884 PRIMULACEAE        "featherlike"       arvensis

                       Anagallis* compiled
                       from a word meaning
885 PRIMULACEAE        "featherlike"       arvensis

                       Anagallis* compiled
                       from a word meaning
886 PRIMULACEAE        "featherlike"       arvensis
887 UMBELLIFERAE       Taenida             integerrima L.
888 UMBELLIFERAE       Taenida             integerrima L.

889 SCROPHULAREACEAE   Lindernia            dubia L.
890   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.
891   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.
892   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.
893   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.
894   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.
895   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.
896   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.
897   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.
898   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.
899   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Dianthus       armeria L.


900 CISTACEAE           Lechea         villosa Michx.

901 CISTACEAE           Lechea         Lechea*
902 CISTACEAE           Lechea         Lechea*
903 CISTACEAE           Lechea         Lechea*

904 CISTACEAE           Lechea         Lechea*
905 CISTACEAE           Lechea         Lechea*
906 CISTACEAE           Lechea         Lechea*




907 PYROLACEAE          Chimaphalia    maculata

908 PYROLACEAE          Chimaphalia    maculata

909 PYROLACEAE          Chimaphalia    maculata

910 ERICACEAE           Rhododendron   nudiflorum

911 ERICACEAE           Rhododendron   nudiflorum

912 ERICACEAE           Rhododendron   nudiflorum

913 ERICACEAE           Rhododendron   nudiflorum

914 ERICACEAE           Rhododendron   nudiflorum

915 ERICACEAE           Rhododendron   nudiflorum

916 ERICACEAE           Rhododendron   nudiflorum

917 ERICACEAE           Rhododendron   nudiflorum

918 ERICACEAE           Rhododendron   nudiflorum
919 ERICACEAE          Rhododendron   nudiflorum

920 ERICACEAE          Rhododendron   nudiflorum

921 ERICACEAE          Rhododendron   nudiflorum
922 PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago       rugelii Dene.
                                      pubescens
923 ORCHIDACEAE        Goodyera       (Willd.)
924 PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago       virginica L.

925 PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago       lanceolata L.

926 PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago       lanceolata L.

927 PLANTAGINACEAE     Plantago       lanceolata L.

928   PLANTAGINACEAE   Plantago       lanceolata L.
929   PLANTAGINACEAE   Plantago       major L.
930   PLANTAGINACEAE   Plantago       major L.
931   PLANTAGINACEAE   Plantago       major L.
932   PLANTAGINACEAE   Plantago       major L.

933 COMPOSITAE         Cacalia        atriplicifolia

934 COMPOSITAE         Cacalia        atriplicifolia

935 COMPOSITAE         Cacalia        atriplicifolia

936 COMPOSITAE         Cacalia        atriplicifolia

937 COMPOSITAE         Cacalia        atriplicifolia

938 EUPHORBIACEAE      Euphorbia      heterophylla




939 CONVOLOULACEAE     Ipomea         pandurata L.
940 PHYTOLACCACEAE   Phytolacca   americana L.
941 PHYTOLACCACEAE   Phytolacca   americana L.
942 PHYTOLACCACEAE   Phytolacca   americana L.

943 PHYTOLACCACEAE   Phytolacca   americana L.

944 PHYTOLACCACEAE   Phytolacca   americana L.


945   COMPOSITAE     Antennaria   neglecta
946   COMPOSITAE     Antennaria   neglecta
947   COMPOSITAE     Antennaria   neglecta
948   COMPOSITAE     Antennaria   neglecta

949 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   plantoginifolia L.

950 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   plantoginifolia L.

951 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   plantoginifolia L.

952 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   plantoginifolia L.

953 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   virginica Stebbins

954 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   virginica Stebbins

955 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   virginica Stebbins

956 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   virginica Stebbins


957 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   solitaria Ryod.

958 COMPOSITAE       Antennaria   solitaria Ryod.
959 UMBELLITERAE   Daucus     carota L.

960 UMBELLITERAE   Daucus     carota L.

961 UMBELLITERAE   Daucus     carota L.

962 UMBELLITERAE   Daucus     carota L.

963 UMBELLITERAE   Daucus     carota L.

964   COMPOSITAE   Ambrosia   artemisfolia L.
965   COMPOSITAE   Ambrosia   artemisfolia L.
966   COMPOSITAE   Ambrosia   artemisfolia L.
967   COMPOSITAE   Ambrosia   artemisfolia L.

968 COMPOSITAE     Ambrosia   artemisfolia L.


969 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    plattensis Nutt.




970 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    aureus L.

971 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    aureus L.

972 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    aureus L.

973 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    aureus L.

974 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    aureus L.

975 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    aureus L.

                              antennariifolius
976 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    Britton
                              antennariifolius
977 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    Britton




                              antennariifolius
978 COMPOSITAE     Senecio    Britton
                                antennariifolius
979 COMPOSITAE     Senecio      Britton

980 ROSEACEA       Rubus        occidentalis L.
981 ROSEACEA       Rubus        occidentalis L.
982 ROSEACEA       Rubus        occidentalis L.

983 ROSEACEA       Rubus        occidentalis L.

984 ROSEACEA       Rubus        occidentalis L.
985 ROSEACEA       Rubus        occidentalis L.
986 ROSEACEA       Rubus        occidentalis L.

987 ROSACEAE       Rubus        odoratus L.

988 ROSACEAE       Rubus        odoratus L.

989 ROSACEAE       Rubus        odoratus L.

990 ROSACEAE       Rubus        odoratus L.

991 LEGUMINOSEAE   Crotalaria   sagittalis L.
                                serpenaria
992 COMPOSITAE     Prenanthes   Pursh.*
                                serpenaria
993 COMPOSITAE     Prenanthes   Pursh.*
                                serpenaria
994 COMPOSITAE     Prenanthes   Pursh.*



995 COMPOSITAE     Hieracium    venosum L.


996 COMPOSITAE     Hieracium    venosum L.


997 COMPOSITAE     Hieracium    venosum L.


998 COMPOSITAE     Hieracium    venosum L.


999 COMPOSITAE     Hieracium    venosum L.


1000 COMPOSITAE    Hieracium    venosum L.


1001 COMPOSITAE    Hieracium    venosum L.
1002 COMPOSITAE   Hieracium   venosum L.


1003 COMPOSITAE   Hieracium   venosum L.


1004 COMPOSITAE   Hieracium   venosum L.


1005 COMPOSITAE   Hieracium   venosum L.


1006 COMPOSITAE   Hieracium   venosum L.


1007 COMPOSITAE   Hieracium   venosum L.


1008 ERICACEAE



1009 ERICACEAE



1010 ERICACEAE

1011 ERICACEAE

1012 ERICACEAE

1013 ERICACEAE
1014 ERICACEAE
1015 ERICACEAE

1016 CRUCIFERAE   Arabis      pycnocarpa


1017 CRUCIFERAE   Arabis      laevigata (Muhl)
1018 CRUCIFERAE   Arabis      laevigata (Muhl)

1019 CRUCIFERAE   Arabis      laevigata (Muhl)



1020 ROSACEAE     Rosa        carolina

1021 ROSACEAE     Rosa        carolina
1022 ROSACEAE     Rosa   carolina

1023 ROSACEAE     Rosa   carolina

1024 ROSACEAE     Rosa   carolina

1025 ROSACEAE     Rosa   carolina

1026 ROSACEAE     Rosa   carolina

1027 ROSACEAE     Rosa   carolina

1028 ROSACEAE     Rosa   carolina

1029 ROSACEAE     Rosa   carolina

1030 ROSACEAE     Rosa   carolina

1031   ROSACEAE   Rosa   multiflora
1032   ROSACEAE   Rosa   multiflora
1033   ROSACEAE   Rosa   multiflora
1034   ROSACEAE   Rosa   multiflora


1035 ROSACEAE     Rosa   multiflora

1036 ROSACEAE     Rosa   multiflora


1037 ROSACEAE     Rosa   multiflora


1038 ROSACEAE     Rosa   multiflora




1039 ROSACEAE     Rosa   multiflora



1040 ROSACEAE     Rosa   multiflora
1041 LABIATEAE           Salvia        lyrata L




1042   GUTTIFERAE        Hypericum     perforatum L.
1043   GUTTIFERAE        Hypericum     perforatum L.
1044   GUTTIFERAE        Hypericum     punctatum Lam
1045   CARYOPHYLLACEAE   Arenaria      serphyllifolia
1046   UMBELLIFEREA      Sanicula      marylandica L.
                                       vulgaris (var.
1047 LABIATAE            Prunella      lanceolata)
                                       vulgaris (var.
1048 LABIATAE            Prunella      lanceolata)

1049 LABIATAE            Prunella      vulgaris L.

1050 LABIATAE            Prunella      vulgaris L.

1051 LABIATAE            Prunella      vulgaris L.

1052 LABIATAE            Prunella      vulgaris L.

1053 LABIATAE            Prunella      vulgaris L.


1054 LEGUMINOSAE         Cassia        nictitans L.


1055 LEGUMINOSAE         Cassia        nictitans L.


1056 CRUCIFERAE          Capsella      bursa

1057 CRUCIFERAE          Capsella      bursa

1058 PRIMULACEAE         Dodecatheon   meadia L.
1059 PRIMULACEAE         Dodecatheon   meadia L.

1060 PRIMULACEAE         Dodecatheon   meadia L.
1061 CRUCIFERAE          Arabis        canadensis L.
1062 CRUCIFERAE          Arabis        canadensis L.

1063 CRUCIFERAE          Arabis        canadensis L.

1064 COMPOSITAE          Solidago      bicolor L.
1065 COMPOSITAE         Solidago       bicolor L.
1066 COMPOSITAE         Chondrilla     juncea L.

1067 LABIATEAE          Scutellaria    elliptica (Muhl)
1068 LABIATEAE          Scutellaria    elliptica (Muhl)
1069 LABIATEAE          Scutellaria    elliptica (Muhl)
                                       pennsylvanicum
1070 POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum      L.




                                       punctatum
1071 POLYGONACEAE       Polygonum      Ell.(dotted)




1072 RANUNCULACEAE      Cimicifuga     racemosa L.

1073 RANUNCULACEAE      Cimicifuga     racemosa L.

1074 RANUNCULACEAE      Cimicifuga     racemosa L.

1075 RANUNCULACEAE      Cimicifuga     racemosa L.

1076   RANUNCULACEAE    Cimicifuga     racemosa L.
1077   UMBELLIFERAE     Sanicula       canadensis L.
1078   UMBELLIFERAE     Sanicula       canadensis L.
1079   UMBELLIFERAE     Sanicula       canadensis L.
1080   UMBELLIFERAE     Sanicula       canadensis L.


1081 ARISTOLOCHIACEAE   Aristolochia   serpentaria L.


1082 COMPOSITAE         Eupatorium     rugosum Houtt.


1083 COMPOSITAE         Eupatorium     rugosum Houtt.


1084 COMPOSITAE         Eupatorium     rugosum Houtt.
1085 COMPOSITAE         Eupatorium       rugosum Houtt.


1086 COMPOSITAE         Eupatorium       rugosum Houtt.


1087 COMPOSITAE         Eupatorium       rugosum Houtt.


1088 COMPOSITAE         Eupatorium       rugosum Houtt.
1089 SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Chaenorrhinum    minus L.

1090 CAPRIFOLIACEAE     Symphoricarpus   albus L.
1091 CAPRIFOLIACEAE     Symphoricarpus   albus L.
1092 CAPRIFOLIACEAE     Symphoricarpus   albus L.




1093 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora
1094 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora


1095 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora
1096 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora
1097 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora

1098 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora

1099 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora
1100 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora

1101 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora
1102 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora

1103 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora

1104 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora
1105 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora

1106 LILIACEAE          Polygonatum      biflora


1107 LILIACEAE          Smilagina        racaemosa L.

1108 LILIACEAE          Smilagina        racaemosa L.

1109 LILIACEAE          Smilagina        racaemosa L.

1110 LILIACEAE          Smilagina        racaemosa L.
1111 LILIACEAE            Smilagina   racaemosa L.

1112 LILIACEAE            Smilagina   racaemosa L.


1113 LILIACEAE            Smilagina   racaemosa L.

1114 LILIACEAE            Smilagina   racaemosa L.

1115 LILIACEAE            Smilagina   racaemosa L.




1116   POLYGONACEAE       Rumax       acitosalle L.
1117   POLYGONACEAE       Rumax       acitosalle L.
1118   POLYGONACEAE       Rumax       acitosalle L.
1119   POLYGONACEAE       Rumax       acitosalle L.
1120   POLYGONACEAE       Rumax       acitosalle L.

1121 COMPOSITAE           Sonchus     asper L.

1122 COMPOSITAE           Sonchus     asper L.

1123 COMPOSITAE           Sonchus     asper L.

1124 COMPOSITAE           Bidens      bipinnata L.




1125 SCROPHULARIACEAE     Veronica    offinalia

1126 SCROPHULARIACEAE     Veronica    offinalia

1127 SCROPHULARIACEAE     Veronica    offinalia

1128 SCROPHYLARIACEAE     Veronica    aroensis L.
1129 SCROPHYLARIACEAE     Veronica    aroensis L.

1130 SCROPHYLARIACEAE     Veronica    aroensis L.

1131   SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Veronica    serphyllifolia L.
1132   SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Veronica    serphyllifolia L.
1133   SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Veronica    serphyllifolia L.
1134   SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Veronica    serphyllifolia L.
1135   SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Veronica    serphyllifolia L.
1136   SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Veronica    serphyllifolia L.
1137   SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Veronica    serphyllifolia L.
1138 SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Veronica         serphyllifolia L.



1139 LAURACEAE          Lindera          benzoin L.
1140 LAURACEAE          Lindera          benzoin L.

1141 LAURACEAE          Lindera          benzoin L.


1142 LAURACEAE          Lindera          benzoin L.

1143 LAURACEAE          Lindera          benzoin L.

1144 LAURACEAE          Lindera          benzoin L.


1145 COMMELINACEAE      Tradescantia*    virginiana L.
1146 COMMELINACEAE      Tradescantia*    virginiana L.

1147 COMMELINACEAE      Tradescantia*    virginiana L.



1148   COMMELINACEAE    Tradescantia*    virginiana L.
1149   COMMELINACEAE    Tradescantia*    virginiana L.
1150   COMMELINACEAE    Tradescantia*    virginiana L.
1151   COMMELINACEAE    Tradescantia*    virginiana L.
1152   COMMELINACEAE    Tradescantia*    virginiana L.
1153   COMMELINACEAE    Tradescantia*    virginiana L.




1154 ROSACEAE           Spiraeaspiraea   corymbosa Rat.

1155 ROSACEAE           Spiraeaspiraea   corymbosa Rat.
1156 ROSACEAE           Spiraeaspiraea   corymbosa Rat.
1157 ROSACEAE           Spiraeaspiraea   corymbosa Rat.

1158 ROSACEAE           Spiraeaspiraea   corymbosa Rat.


1159 ROSACEAE           Spiraeaspiraea   corymbosa Rat.
1160 ROSACEAE           Spiraeaspiraea   corymbosa Rat.


1161 ROSACEAE           Spiraeaspiraea   corymbosa Rat.
1162   PORTULACACEAE   clantonia    Virginica L
1163   PORTULACACEAE   clantonia    Virginica L
1164   PORTULACACEAE   clantonia    Virginica L
1165   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    supina Ref.
1166   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    supina Ref.
1167   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    maculata L.


1168   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    corollata L.
1169   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    corollata L.
1170   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    corollata L.
1171   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    corollata L.
1172   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    corollata L.
1173   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    corollata L.
1174   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    dentata Michx
1175   EUPHORBIACEAE   Euphorbia    dentata Michx

1176 EUPHORBIACEAE     Euphorbia    commutata

1177 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1178 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1179 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1180 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1181 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1182 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1183 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1184 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1185 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1186 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1187 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1188 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1189 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.

1190 ONOBANCHACEAE     Conopholia   americana L.
1191 ONOBANCHACEAE    Conopholia   americana L.

1192 ONOBANCHACEAE    Conopholia   americana L.




1193 COMPOSITAE       Senecio      obovatis

1194 AMARYLLIDACEAE   Hypoxis      hirsuta

1195 AMARYLLIDACEAE   Hypoxis      hirsuta




1196 CRESSULACEAE     Sedum        ternatum


1197 ROSACEAE         Fragaria     virginiana
1198 ROSACEAE         Fragaria     virginiana

1199 ROSACEAE         Fragaria     virginiana

1200 ROSACEAE         Fragaria     virginiana
1201 ROSACEAE         Fragaria     virginiana


1202 ANSCARDIACEAE    Rhus         vernix


1203 ANSCARDIACEAE    Rhus         typhina L.

1204 ANSCARDIACEAE    Rhus         typhina L.



1205 ANSCARDIACEAE    Rhus         typhina L.


1206 COMPOSITAE       Helianthus   hirsutus

1207 COMPOSITAE       Helianthus   decapetalus L.

1208 COMPOSITAE       Helianthus   decapetalus L.

1209 COMPOSITAE       Helianthus   divaricatus L.
1210 COMPOSITAE       Helianthus   divaricatus L.
1211 COMPOSITAE       Helianthus   divaricatus L.
1212 UMBELLIFARAE     OsmorhiZa   longinsrylis

1213 UMBELLIFARAE     OsmorhiZa   longinsrylis



1214 UMBELLIFARAE     OsmorhiZa   longinsrylis



1215 LEGUMINOSEAE     Melilotus   alba
1216 LEGUMINOSEAE     Melilotus   alba
1217 LEGUMINOSEAE     Melilotus   alba

1218 LEGUMINOSEAE     Melilotus   officinalis
1219 LEGUMINOSEAE     Melilotus   officinalis
1220 LEGUMINOSEAE     Melilotus   officinalis

1221 LEGUMINOSEAE     Melilotus   officinalis

1222   LEGUMINOSEAE   Melilotus   officinalis
1223   LEGUMINOSEAE   Melilotus   officinalis
1224   LEGUMINOSEAE   Melilotus   officinalis
1225   LEGUMINOSEAE   Melilotus   officinalis
1226   LEGUMINOSEAE   Melilotus   officinalis
1227   LEGUMINOSEAE   Melilotus   officinalis


1228 LYTHRACEAE       Cuphea      petiolata


1229 LYTHRACEAE       Cuphea      petiolata



                                  virginiana L.
1230 RANUNCULACEAE    Anemone     (Crowfoot family)
                                  virginiana L.
1231 RANUNCULACEAE    Anemone     (Crowfoot family)
                                  virginiana L.
1232 RANUNCULACEAE    Anemone     (Crowfoot family)
                                  virginiana L.
1233 RANUNCULACEAE    Anemone     (Crowfoot family)
                                  virginiana L.
1234 RANUNCULACEAE    Anemone     (Crowfoot family)




1235 COMPOSITAE       Cirsium     vulgare (savi.)
1236 COMPOSITAE      Cirsium     vulgare (savi.)
1237 COMPOSITAE      Cirsium     vulgare (savi.)
1238 COMPOSITAE      Cirsium     pumulum

1239 COMPOSITAE      Carduus     altissimum L.

1240 LEGUMINOSAE     Desmodium   nudiflorum L.

1241 LEGUMINOSAE     Desmodium   nudiflorum L.
                                 paniculatum L.
1242 LEGUMINOSAE     Desmodium   DC.
                                 paniculatum L.
1243 LEGUMINOSAE     Desmodium   DC.
                                 paniculatum L.
1244 LEGUMINOSAE     Desmodium   DC.

1245 LEGUMINOSAE     Desmodium   rotundifolium DC
1246 LEGUMINOSAE     Desmodium   marilandicum L.

1247 SANTALACEAE     Comandra    umbellata L.
1248 SANTALACEAE     Comandra    umbellata L.


1249 SANTALACEAE     Comandra    umbellata L.
1250 SANTALACEAE     Comandra    umbellata L.



1251 CRUCIFERAE      Dentaria    laciniata

1252 CRUCIFERAE      Dentaria    laciniata

1253 CRUCIFERAE      Dentaria    laciniata

1254 CRUCIFERAE      Dentaria    laciniata

1255 CRUCIFERAE      Dentaria    laciniata




1256 BALSAMINACEAE   Impatiens   capensis
1257 BALSAMINACEAE   Impatiens   capensis


1258 BALSAMINACEAE   Impatiens   capensis

1259 BALSAMINACEAE   Impatiens   capensis
1260 BALSAMINACEAE   Impatiens   capensis
1261 BALSAMINACEAE   Impatiens   capensis
1262 BALSAMINACEAE   Impatiens   capensis



1263 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1264 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.



1265 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.



1266 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1267 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.


1268 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1269 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1270 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1271 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1272 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1273 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.


1274 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.



1275 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1276 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1277 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1278 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1279 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1280 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.

1281 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis     lilifolia L.
1282 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis      lilifolia L.


1283 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis      lilifolia L.

1284 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis      lilifolia L.


1285 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis      lilifolia L.

1286 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis      lilifolia L.


1287 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis      lilifolia L.

1288 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis      lilifolia L.

1289 ORCHIDACEAE     Liparis      lilifolia L.




1290 BERBERIDACEAE   Jefferson    diphylla


1291 LILIACEAE       Streptopus   roseua Mich x


1292 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1293 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1294 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1295 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1296 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1297 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1298 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1299 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata
1300 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1301 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1302 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1303 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1304 CAMPANULACEAE   Specularia   perfoliata

1305 VERBENACEAE     Verbena      urticifolia

1306 VERBENACEAE     Verbena      urticifolia

1307 VERBENACEAE     Verbena      urticifolia

1308 VERBENACEAE     Verbena      urticifolia


1309 LEGUMINOSAE     Vicia        angustifolia
1310 LEGUMINOSAE     Vicia        angustifolia

1311   LEGUMINOSAE   Coronilla    varia L
1312   LEGUMINOSAE   Coronilla    varia L
1313   LEGUMINOSAE   Coronilla    varia L
1314   LEGUMINOSAE   Coronilla    varia L
1315   LEGUMINOSAE   Coronilla    varia L

1316 LEGUMINOSAE     Coronilla    varia L




1317 LEGUMINOSAE     Vicia        villosa Roth

1318 LEGUMINOSAE     Vicia        villosa Roth

1319 LEGUMINOSAE     Vicia        villosa Roth

1320 LEGUMINOSAE     Vicia        dasycarpa
1321 LEGUMINOSAE     Vicia        dasycarpa


1322 VIOLACEAE       Viola        sagittata
1323 VIOLACEAE       Viola        sagittata
1324 VIOLACEAE       Viola        sagittata

1325 VIOLACEAE       Viola        sagittata


1326 VIOLACEAE       Viola        pedata L.
1327 VIOLACEAE     Viola       pedata L.


1328 VIOLACEAE     Viola       pedata L.

1329 VIOLACEAE     Viola       pedata L.

1330 VIOLACEAE     Viola       pedata L.

1331 VIOLACEAE     Viola       pedata L.




1332 VIOLACEAE     Viola       pedata L.

1333 VIOLACEAE     Viola       pedata L.


1334 VIOLACEAE     Viola       pedata L.

1335 VIOLACEAE     Viola       pedata L.

1336 VIOLACEAE     Viola       canadensis L.
1337 VIOLACEAE     Viola       canadensis L.
1338 VIOLACEAE     Viola       canadensis L.


1339   VIOLACEAE   Viola       papiloanacea
1340   VIOLACEAE   Viola       papiloanacea
1341   VIOLACEAE   Viola       papiloanacea
1342   VIOLACEAE   Viola       papiloanacea




1343 VIOLACEAE     Viola       papiloanacea

1344 VIOLACEAE     Viola       sororia


1345 VIOLACEAE     Viola       paluata L.
1346 VIOLACEAE     Viola       paluata L.
1347 VIOLACEAE     Viola       paluata L.

1348 VIOLACEAE     Viola       paluata L.
1349 VIOLACEAE     Viola       paluata L.

1350 VIOLACEAE     Hybanthus   concolor
1351 VIOLACEAE      Viola             hastata Michx.

1352 VIOLACEAE      Viola             cucullata dit.
1353 VIOLACEAE      Viola             cucullata dit.
1354 VIOLACEAE      Viola             cucullata dit.

1355 VIOLACEAE      Viola             septentrionalis

1356 VIOLACEAE      Viola             septentrionalis



1357 VIOLACEAE      Viola             fimbreala sm.

1358 VIOLACEAE      Viola             fimbreala sm.

1359 VIOLACEAE      Viola             fimbreala sm.

1360 VIOLACEAE      Viola             fimbreala sm.
                                      pennsylvanica
1361 VIOLACEAE      Viola             Michx.
                                      pennsylvanica
1362 VIOLACEAE      Viola             Michx.

1363   VIOLACEAE    Viola             triloba
1364   VIOLACEAE    Viola             triloba
1365   VIOLACEAE    Viola             triloba
1366   VIOLACEAE    Viola             triloba
1367   VIOLACEAE    Viola             triloba
1368   VIOLACEAE    Viola             triloba
1369   VIOLACEAE    Viola             triloba

1370 VIOLACEAE      Viola             triloba

1371 VIOLACEAE      Viola             triloba



1372 BORAGINACEAE   Echium            vulgare L.


1373 BORAGINACEAE   Echium            vulgare L.

1374 VITACEAE       Parathenocissus   guinquefolia

1375 VITACEAE       Parathenocissus   guinquefolia

1376 VITACEAE       Parathenocissus   guinquefolia
1377 VITACEAE       Parathenocissus   guinquefolia
1378 VITACEAE           Parathenocissus   guinquefolia
1379 VITACEAE           Parathenocissus   guinquefolia




1380 RANUNCILACEAE      Clematis          virginiana L.

1381 RANUNCILACEAE      Clematis          virginiana L.

1382 RANUNCILACEAE      Clematis          virginiana L.



1383 RANUNCILACEAE      Clematis          virginiana L.

1384 RANUNCILACEAE      Clematis          virginiana L.
1385 COMPOSITAE         Prenanthes        altissima L.


1386 CRUCIFERAE         Draba             verna L
1387 CRUCIFERAE         Draba             verna L

1388 VIOLACEAE          Viola             rasinesquii

1389 VIOLACEAE          Viola             rasinesquii



1390 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.

1391 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.

1392 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.

1393 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.
1394 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.

1395 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.
1396 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.

1397 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.

1398 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.
1399 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.
1400 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.

1401 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.
1402 PYROLACEAE         Chimaphila        maculata L.

1403 SCROPHYLARIACEAE   Pedicularia       canadensis L.
1404 LABIATAE        Blephilia   hirsute
1405 LABIATAE        Blephilia   hirsute
1406 LABIATAE        Blephilia   hirsute


1407 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      conviculata L.


1408 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      conviculata L.


1409 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      conviculata L.


1410 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      conviculata L.


1411 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      conviculata L.

1412 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      grandis - small
1413 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      grandis - small
1414 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      grandis - small


1415 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      europaea

1416 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      europaea

1417 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      europaea

1418 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      europaea

1419 OXALIDACEAE     Oxalis      europaea

1420   OXALIDACEAE   Oxalis      stricta L.
1421   OXALIDACEAE   Oxalis      stricta L.
1422   OXALIDACEAE   Oxalis      stricta L.
1423   OXALIDACEAE   Oxalis      stricta L.
1424   OXALIDACEAE   Oxalis      stricta L.
1425   OXALIDACEAE   Oxalis      stricta L.
1426   OXALIDACEAE   Oxalis      stricta L.
1427   OXALIDACEAE   Oxalis      violacea L.

1428 COMPOSITAE      Artemesia   annua L.

1429 COMPOSITAE      Artemesia   annua L.
1430 DIOSCOREACEAE     Dioscorea   quaternata

1431 DIOSCOREACEAE     Dioscorea   quaternata

1432 DIOSCOREACEAE     Dioscorea   quaternata

1433   DIOSCOREACEAE   Dioscorea   quaternata
1434   DIOSCOREACEAE   Dioscorea   quaternata
1435   DIOSCOREACEAE   Dioscorea   quaternata
1436   DIOSCOREACEAE   Dioscorea   quaternata

1437 DIOSCOREACEAE     Discorea    villosa L.
1438 DIOSCOREACEAE     Discorea    villosa L.

1439 DIOSCOREACEAE     Discorea    villosa L.
1440 DIOSCOREACEAE     Discorea    villosa L.
1441 DIOSCOREACEAE     Discorea    villosa L.




1442   COMPOSITAE      Achillea    millefolium L.
1443   COMPOSITAE      Achillea    millefolium L.
1444   COMPOSITAE      Achillea    millefolium L.
1445   COMPOSITAE      Achillea    millefolium L.
1446   COMPOSITAE      Achillea    millefolium L.
1447   COMPOSITAE      Achillea    millefolium L.


1448 COMPOSITAE        Artemesia   annua L.

1449 COMPOSITAE        Artemesia   annua L.

1450 LILIACEAE         Yucca       filamentosa L.

1451 LILIACEAE         Yucca       filamentosa L.

1452 LILIACEAE         Yucca       filamentosa L.

1453 LILIACEAE         Yucca       filamentosa L.

1454 LILIACEAE         Yucca       filamentosa L.
1455 LILIACEAE   Yucca   filamentosa L.

1456 LILIACEAE   Yucca   filamentosa L.


1457 LILIACEAE   Yucca   filamentosa L.

1458 LILIACEAE   Yucca   filamentosa L.
Common Name                      Source/ Reference

Blazing Star
Pipevine/Dutchman's Pipe
Thimbleweed
Thimbleweed
Thimbleweed
Crowberry                        Peterson's Field Guide to Wildflowers, pg. 236-237
Henbit                           Flora of Wv p 806-7; Peterson's Field Guide to Wildflowers, pg. 280-1
Nettle, a Hedger
Allegheny Sloe                   Flora of WV - pg. 534/5

Larkspur Rocket
Tall Larkspur
Agrimoney;small flowers          Flora of WV - pg. 528-9
Golden Alexanders                Flora of WV - Vol. 3, pg. 682-3
Alfalfa
Alumroot                         Flora of WV pg. 451-452
Hoary Alyssum                    Flora of WV, Vol. II, pg. 422-3; Peterson's Guide pg. 82-83
Japanese Andromeda/Lily of the
Valley shrub                     Flora of WV
Rue Anemone
Rue Anemone

Rue Anemone                      Flora of WV, Vol II, pg 388; Peterson's Field Guide, pg 23; Rickett - p 389
Wood Anemone                     Flora of WV, pg 392-3; Peterson's Field Guide, pg. 30, Pic p 31
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Trailing arbutus                 Flora of WV pp 716-7; Peterson's Field Guide, pp 236-7-8-9
Trailing arbutus                 Flora of WV pp 716-7; Peterson's Field Guide, pp 236-7-8-9
Aster, Bigleaf                   Flora of WV pp 994-5; Nature Plants of PA -Aug blooming list
                                 Flora of WV pp 944, pic 947 (bright blue); Peterson's p 354-355 (pale blue
Aster, Blue Wood                 or white)

Aster, Bushy                     Flora of WV p 952, pic 953; Peterson's p 360, pic p. 361 - 19-26 rays
Aster, Calico or Starch          Flora of WV pp 952-3; Peterson's Guide to Wildflowers pp 96-97

Aster, Crooked-stem              Flora of WV pp 948-9; Peterson's Guide to Wildflowers p 356
Aster, Purple                    Flora of WV p 929
Narrow-leaved, white topped      Flora of WV pp 958-9; Peterson's p 96-97
Aster, Panicled (?)              Flora of WV pp 952-3; Peterson's p 94-5

Aster, Schreber's                Flora of WV p 944, pic p 945; Peterson's Field guide pg. 94, pic p 95
Aster, Smooth                    Flora of WV pp 948, pic 951; Field Guide to Wildflowers (revision)


Aster, toothed, white-topped     Flora of WV pp 958-9; Peterson's p 94-95
Aster, toothed, white-topped
Aster, toothed, white-topped
Aster, toothed, white-topped
Aster, wavy-leaved               Flora of WV pp 946-7; Peterson's pp 354-5
                                   Flora of WV Vol II, p 950, pic p 951; Peterson's p 96, pic p 97; Rickett, p
Aster, white heath                 476, color p 481
Aster, white heath
Aster, white heath
Aster, white heath

Aster, white wood                  Flora of WV Vol IV p. 944, pic 945, Peterson's p. 94, pic 95
Aster, white wood


Aster, willow                      Rickett p 478

Aster, willow                      Peterson p 358, sketch p 359


Aster, willow                      Flora of WV, Vol V, p 952, sketch p 953


Autumn Olive                       Flora of WV, p 660-663

Avens, Virgnia                     Rickett p 136

Avens, Virgnia                     Flora of WV, p 496, pic 497

Avens, Virgnia                     Peterson p 136, pic 137
Avens, Virgnia
Avens, Virgnia
Avens, White                       Flora of WV, p 496-7,
Azalea, Honeysuckle or Rose        Flora of WV p 712, pic p 713; Peterson p 228, sketch 229; Wildflowers in
Azalea or Flame Azalea             Color, p78, pinxter p79; Native Plants of PA, pp 10-11

Barberry, Japanese                 Flora of WV, p 404, pic p 405

Basil, field/wild/dog mint, mint
family                             Flora of WV, Vol. III, pg 816, pic p. 815,
Basil, mountain - mint             Flora of WV, p 818-9

Beardtongue/foxglove;snapdragon Flora of WV, p 845, sketch 831; Peterson's p 58, sketch 59; rickett p 404-
family                          color 405
Beardtongue/foxglove;snapdragon
family
Beardtongue/foxglove;snapdragon
family
                                Flora of WV p 486, skecth p 831; Rickett, p 406, color , 409; Wildflowers in
Beardtongue/gray or hoary       Color, p 104, listed as a Beard's Tongue
Beardtongue/gray or hoary
Beardtongue/gray or hoary
Beardtongue/gray or hoary
Beardtongue/gray or hoary
Beardtongue/gray or hoary
Beardtongue, hairy                  Flora of WV, p 486 - 7



Beardtongue, hairy
                                    Flora of WV p 882, sketch p 881; Peterson, Wildflowers in Color; Rickett p
                                    356 - Elliptical leaves in fours, each 1" long and with only on conspicuous
                                    vein. Plants generally hairy. The greenish or purplish flowers streaked on
Bedstraw, Hairy                     forking branches from axils.
Bedstraw, Purple                    Flora of WV, pp 882-3 dry woods, mostly in mts. Morgan County
Bedstraw, Purple
Bedstraw, rough                     Flora of WV, p 884, pic 885; Peterson p 40, p41; Wildflowers in Color
Bedstraw, sweet-scented             Flora of WV, p 880, pic 882; Peterson's p. 40 - pic 41
Bedstraw, sweet-scented

Bedstraw, sweet-scented

Bedstraw, sweet-scented-var.
asprelliformae                      Flora of WV, p 882
Bedstraw, white                     Flora of WV, p 882-3; not in Peterson's


Bedstraw, white


Bellflower, tall; bluebell family   Rickett, p 348, color, 347;

                                    Flora of WV p 908, sketch p 909, Petersons p 340; Wildflowers in Color, p
Bellflower, tall; bluebell family   115

Bellwort, Large-flowered            Flora of WV, p 228-9; Peterson's p 102-3
Bellwort, Large-flowered
Bellwort, mealy…lily family         Rickett p 28, color p 27
Bellwort, mealy…lily family         Flora of WV, p 228, sketch p 229;



Bellwort, mealy…lily family         Peterson's p 102, color pic p 103

Bellwort, mealy…lily family

Bellwort, mealy…lily family
Bellwort, mealy…lily family

Bellwort, mountain or Merry Bells   Flora of WV, pp 228-9

                                    Flora of WV I p 812, pic p 831; Wildflowers in Color, p 100; Peterson, p 216,
Bergamot, wild or Bee Balm          color, p 217; Rickett p 368, color 369
Bindweed, field                     Flora of WV, pp 762-3; Peterson's pp 12-13
Bindweed, field
Bird's Rape or turnip             Flora of WV I, p 426, pic p 429;


Bittercress, Pennsylvania         Flora of WV, p 437 - 8

Bittersweet, Climbing             Flora of WV, Vol III, p 608, pic p 605; Poisonous plants 6/73

Bittersweet, Climbing

Bittersweet, Climbing
Bittersweet, Climbing

Bittersweet, Climbing
Blackberry, Allegheny (rosacea)   Flora of WV, pp 520-21

Blackberry, Rosa Bailey           Flora of WV, pp 522-3
Blackberry, Rosa Bailey


Blackberry, thornless             Flora of WV, p 522, pic 523
                                  Flora of WV, p 924, pic 929; NOT IN Peterson's-other species of Liatris p
                                  282-3; Judy noted Bleasosn & Cronquest mention shale barrens as a
Blazing star, Large               favored habitat


Blazing star, Large


Blazing star or Devil's bit       Flora of WV, p 224-5

                                  Flora of WV, Vol II, pp 412-3;Peterson's p 22, sketch p 23; Native Plants of
Bloodroot or Puccoon              PA, p 47


Bloodroot or Puccoon              Rickett, p126, color p 127
Bloodroot or Puccoon              Flowers of the World, 1972, p 224, Perry Frances

Bloodroot or Puccoon
Bloodroot or Puccoon
Bloodroot or Puccoon
Bloodroot or Puccoon

Bloodroot or Puccoon

Bloodroot or Puccoon

Bloodroot or Puccoon
Bloodroot or Puccoon
Blue-eyed grass                   Flora of WV pp 252-253
                                  Flora of WV I p 252-3; Peterson's p 326, sketch 327; Rickett, p 52, color p
Blue-eyed grass                   51; Wildflowers in Color;


Blue-eyed grass                   Flora of WV p 252; Petersons' p 326-7, wider leaves
Blue-eyed grass
Blue-eyed grass
Blue-eyed grass
Bluets, long-leaved summer        Flora of WV, pp 889 (pic) 890
Bluets, long-leaved summer
Bluets, long-leaved summer
Bluets, long-leaved summer
Bluets, long-leaved summer
Bluets, long-leaved summer

Bluets,Quaker Ladies or Innocence Flora of WV, pp 887-8, Peterson's pp 40-41
Bluets, Larger                    Flora of WV, pp 888-9;
Blueberry, Early low or lowbush   Flora of WV, pp 724-5
                                  Flora of WV, pp 723-5 pic; Wildflowers in Color p 84; Common Shrubs of
Blueberry, Heath family           WV

Blueberry, Heath family
Blueberry, Heath family

Blueberry, Heath family
Blueberry, Heath family
Blueberry, Heath family
Boneset                           Flora of WV, p 920, pic p 923; Peterson's pp 46-7
Boneset, false                    Flora of WV, pp 922-927; Peterson's pp 88-89
Boneset, false
Boneset, false
Boneset, false
Boneset, false




Boneset, upland; daisy or         Flora of WV, p 920, sketch p 903; Peterson's p 46, sketch p 47; Native
composite family                  Plants of PA lists as August bloomer, p 55; Rickett p 498
                                  Flora of WV II, p 372-3; Peterson's p 34, sketch p 35-also p 226; Rickett, p
Bouncing Bet-"Soapwort"           190, color p193;
Bouncing Bet-"Soapwort"
Bowman's Root or Indian physic or   Flora of WV, Part II, p 466-7; Peterson's p 28, sketch p 29; Native Plants of
false ipecac                        PA lists as June bloomer, p 53; Rickett p 143, color p 141.
Bowman's Root or Indian physic or
false ipecac
Bowman's Root or Indian physic or
false ipecac
Bristleberry                        Flora of WV pp 501, 510,-11-12;
Brooklime, American                 Flora of WV p 855, p 857; Peterson's pp 336-7;
Brooklime, American


                                    Flora of WV p 338, pic p 339; Rickett, p 96, color p 97; Peterson's p 380, pic
                                    p 381; Nature Plants of PA - August bloomer p.56; Forest Wildlife Plants of
Buckwheat, Climbing False           the Monongehela Forest, p. 138
Buckwheat, Climbing False

Buckwheat, Climbing False
Buckwheat, Hedge                    Flora of WV, pp 338-9;
Buckwheat, Hedge

Buckwheat, Hedge
Bugleweed                           Flora of WV, pp 822-3;
Bugleweed

Bugleweed, Northern                 Flora of Wv, pp 822-3;




                                    Flora of WV p 1006-7, Petersons' p 300, pic 301; Rickett p 494; WVDA
Burdock, Common (alien)             Weeds of Field & Meadow in WV.
Burdock, Common (alien)
Burdock, Common (alien)


Burdock, Common (alien)
Burdock, Common (alien)
Burdock, Common (alien)
Burdock, Hairy or Cockleburr        Flora of WV, p 966




Bushclover, Trailing                Flora of WV p 564, pic p 565; Peterson, p 246; Rickett p 274, color p 273
Bushclover, Virginia                Flora of WV, pp 566-7; Petersons' p 246-7
Bushclover, Hairy                   Flora of WV, pp 566-7; Peterson's pp 80-81 (as white)
Bushclover, Hairy
                                    Flora of WV, Vol III, p 826, sketch p 827; Rickett, p 394, color p 395;
Butter and Eggs/Toadflax            Wildflowers in Color, p 102*

Butter and Eggs/Toadflax
Butter and Eggs/Toadflax
Butter and Eggs/Toadflax
Butter and Eggs/Toadflax
Butter and Eggs/Toadflax




                                    Flora of WV, pp 754-755; Native Plants of PA, p 26' Petersons' p 208, color
Butterfly Weed or chigger weed      p 209, Wildflowers in Color, p 90; Rickett, p 317, color p 319;
Buttercup, Meadow                   WV Plant Conservation List 1973




                                    Flora of WV, Vol II, pp 384, sketch 385; Peterson's p 132, sketch p 133;
Buttercup, Meadow                   Rickett*, p 114;
Campion, Starry                     Peterson's, p. 34, sketch, p35;

Campion, Starry                     Flora of WV, p 370-1;

Campion, Starry                     Wildflowers in Color, p 26; Native Plants of PA - July blooming

Campion, Starry
Canada Moonseed                     Flora of WV, pp 406-7
Carpenter's Square or Hare
Figwort                             Flora of WV, pp 843-44
Carpenter's Square or Hare
Figwort
Carrion Flowers (odor when
flowering attracts flies-decaying
flesh odor)                         Flora of WV, p 248-9

Catchfly, Sleepy                    Flora of WV, p 370-1;
Catnip/Catmint                      Rickett, p 376, color p 397

Catnip/Catmint                      Peterson's, p. 34, sketch, p35;
Catnip/Catmint                      Flora of WV, p 802, sketch p 803




Catnip/Catmint
Chickweed, Common                   Wildflowers in Color, p 25 shows Great Chickweed as Stellaria pulera
Chickweed, Common                 Flora of WV, p366, sketch p367

Chickweed, Common                 Peterson's p 36, sketch p37
Chickweed, Common                 Rickett p 192, color p 193


Chickweed, Hairy/Forked           Flora of WV, p 358, pic p 359 (not in Peterson's)
Chickweed, Smooth & Forked        Flora of WV, p 358-9

Chickweed, Nodding                Flora of WV, p 366-7



Chicory (Blue Sailors) *In England -
Succory Composit or Daisy Family Flora of WV, p 1012-3; Native Plants of PA, p 33

Chicory (Blue Sailors) *In England -
Succory Composit or Daisy Family Peterson's p 362, pic p 363

Chicory (Blue Sailors) *In England -
Succory Composit or Daisy Family Wildflowers in Color, p 131



                                  Flora of WV gives only ox-eye daisy C. lencentheum & C. perthenium fever-
Cultivated Variety                few

                                  Flora of WV p 494-7; Native Plants of PA, p 52; Rickett p. 130, color p 131;
Cinquefoil, Dwarf                 Wildflowers in Color, p 53; Peterson's p 134, sketch p 135;
Cinquefoil, Common                Wildflowers in Color, p 53;




                                  Flora of WV II, p 494, pick p 495; Peterson's p 134, sketch p 135; Rickett p
Cinquefoil, Common                132, color 131
                                  Flora of WV, p 494-5; Peterson's p 148, sketch p 149; Rickett p 134, color
Cinquefoil, Rough                 133
Cinquefoil, Rough
Cinquefoil, Rough
Cinquefoil, Rough
Cinquefoil, Rough
Cinquefoil, Rough
Cinquefoil, Upright               Flora of WV p 494-5;Petersons' p 134-5;
Cinquefoil, Upright
Cinquefoil, Upright
Cinquefoil, Upright
Cinquefoil, Upright

Cinquefoil, Upright
                                 Rickett does not list, but calls horseweed/richweed colleusoni Lanelous;
                                 Peterson p 382, pic 383; Flora of WV p 318, sketch p 319; Common thru'
Clearweed or Richweed            state.
Clearweed or Richweed
Clearweed or Richweed

Cleavers of Goose Grass          Flora of WV, pp 880-1; Peterson's pp 40 -41
                                 Flora of WV p 550, sketch p 551; Rickett, p 264, color p 265; Peterson's p
Clover, Alsike* (pea family)     246, sketch p 247;
Clover, Alsike* (pea family)
Clover, Least Hop or small hop   Flora of WV, p 550, sketch p 551, Peterson's p 150, sketch, p 151
Clover, Least Hop or small hop
Clover, Least Hop or small hop
Clover, Least Hop or small hop

Clover, low hop                  Flora of WV, p 550-551; not in Peterson's

Clover, low hop

Clover, low hop



Clover, Rabbitfoot               Flora of WV, Vol II, p 548, pic p 549; Peterson's
Clover, Red                      Rickett, p 264, color p 265;
Clover, Red                      Peterson's p 246, pic p 247
                                 Flora of WV p 548-9; WV Dept of AG-Midsummer Wildflowers (6/73) -One of
                                 most valuable soil improvement legumes-valuable forgae for farm animals-
Clover, Red                      10 clover species, wild in WV
Clover, Red
Clover, Red
Clover, Smaller Hope             Flora of WV p 55; Peterson's p 850, sketch p 151 (least hop);
Clover, Yellow Hop               Flora of WV p 550, pic p. 551; Peterson's p 150, pic p 151;
Clover, Yellow Hop

Clover, white                    Flora of WV p 548-9; Peterson's pp 80-81;
Clover, white

Clover, white


Cohosh, Blue/Papoose Root        Flora of WV p 402-3;

Coltsfoot                        Flora of WV p 980, sketch p 981;



Coltsfoot                        Rickett p 446, color photo p 447; Peterson's p 110, color p111;
Coltsfoot
Coltsfoot
Coltsfoot

Coltsfoot
Coltsfoot

Coltsfoot
Coltsfoot



Columbine, Wild (crowfoot fam) or Rickett p 118, color p 117; Peterson's p 216, color p 217; Flora of WV II, p
Rock Bells or Honeysuckle         396-7; Native Plants of PA lists as April bloomer, p 52.

Corydalis, Yellow or Pale           Flora of WV XV p 416, pic p 417; Peterson's p 126-7; Not in Wildflowers

Corydalis, Yellow or Pale


Corydalis, Yellow or Pale


Cowslip, Virginia or Mertensia or
Bluebells or Roanoke bells           Flora of WV p 784, pic p 785; Peterson's p 322-3;
Cowslip, Virginia or Mertensia or
Bluebells or Roanoke bells
Cowslip, Virginia or Mertensia or
Bluebells or Roanoke bells
Cowslip, Virginia or Mertensia or
Bluebells or Roanoke bells
Crane's Bill, Carolina               Flora of WV, pp 585, pic 586; Peterson's p 260
Crane's Bill, Carolina
Crane's Bill, Carolina
Crane's Bill, Carolina
Crane's Bill, long-stalked or Dove's
Foot                                 Flora of WV, pp 584-5

Crane's Bill, small flowered       Flora of WV p 586-7; Peterson's p 260-261;
Crane's Bill, small flowered
Cress, Field or Cow-cress or Field
Peppergrass                        Flora of WV II, p 422, sketch; Peterson's p 82, sketch p 83
Cress, Field or Cow-cress or Field
Peppergrass
Cress, Field or Cow-cress or Field
Peppergrass
Cress, Spring, Early               Flora of WV p 434-5; Peterson's p 158-9;
                                  Flora of WV II, p 434, sketch p 435; Rickett p 165, color p 161 (excellent);
Cress, butter or Yellow Rocket    Peterson's p 158, sketch p 159.
Cress, butter or Yellow Rocket
Cress, butter or Yellow Rocket
Cress, butter or Yellow Rocket
Cress, butter or Yellow Rocket
Crowfoot or Allegheny Buttercup   Flora of WV p 382;
Crowfoot, Hooked                  Flora of WV p 382-3;
Crowfoot, Hooked

Crowfoot, Kidney Leaf             Flora of WV p 382-3;
Crowfoot, Kidney Leaf
Cudweed/Old Field Balsam or
rabbit Tobacco                    Flora of WV p 962-3;
Cudweed/Old Field Balsam or
rabbit Tobacco
Cudweed/Old Field Balsam or
rabbit Tobacco
Cudweed/Old Field Balsam or
rabbit Tobacco
Cudweed/Old Field Balsam or
rabbit Tobacco

Cudweed, purplish                 Flora of WV p 962-3;
Cudweed, purplish
Cudweed, purplish
Cynthia, Two-floweres             Flora of WV, p 1014, pic p 1013




                                  Rickett p 480, color p 484; Flora of WV, p 1000, sketch p 999; Peterson's p
Daisy, Ox-eye                     92, sketch p 93; Wildflowers in Color, p 129; Native Plants of PA, p 33;
Daisy, Ox-eye
Daisy, Ox-eye
Daisy, Ox-eye

Daffodil

                                  Flora of WV p 1016, pic p 1017; Peterson's p 170, pic p 171; Rickett p 524,
Dandelion, common                 color p 511.
Dayflower, called wandering Jew   Peterson's p 314-5; Flora of WV p 210-211 (alien)


Daylily, Common or Tawny or       Flora of WV I, pp 232-3; Peterson's p 206, pic p 207; Rickett, p 44, color p
Orange                            45; Wildflowers in Color, p 6
Daylily, Common or Tawny or
Orange
Daylily, Yellow (or Lemon)       Flora of WV pp 232-3; Rickett p 44, color p 45; Peterson's p 102;
Daylily, Yellow (or Lemon)
Daylily, Yellow (or Lemon)
Daylily, Yellow (or Lemon)
Deer berry or huckleberry or
squawberry or buckberry or squaw
huckleberry or gooseberry        Flora of WV III p 722-3; Wildflowers in Color p 84;
Deer berry or huckleberry or
squawberry or buckberry or squaw
huckleberry or gooseberry
Deer berry or huckleberry or
squawberry or buckberry or squaw
huckleberry or gooseberry
Deer berry or huckleberry or
squawberry or buckberry or squaw
huckleberry or gooseberry
Deer berry or huckleberry or
squawberry or buckberry or squaw
huckleberry or gooseberry
Deer berry or huckleberry or
squawberry or buckberry or squaw
huckleberry or gooseberry
Deer berry or huckleberry or
squawberry or buckberry or squaw
huckleberry or gooseberry
Devil's Delight or Racewood      Flora of WV pp 994-5;


Dewberry                           Flora of WV pp 516, pic p 517;

Dewberry
Dewberry

Dewberry                           Flora of WV pp 514-5;
Dewberry                           Flora of WV pp 512-3;

Dewberry
Dewberry
Dewberry

Dittany                            Flora of WV pp 822, sketch p 823; Peterson's p 280, pic p 281;
Dittany

Dittany
Dittany
Dittany
Dock, Broadleaf or Bitter          Flora of WV pp 328-9;
Dockmackie or Maple-Leaf
Arrowwood or Maple-leaved          Flora of WV pp 900, pic p 901; Wildflowers in Color, p 114. Excellent pic.
viburnum                           Not in Peterson's.
Dockmackie or Maple-Leaf
Arrowwood or Maple-leaved
viburnum


Dogbane, spreading                 Flora of WV p 750-1; Peterson's p 292, pic p 293; Wildflowers in Color p 89
Dogbane, spreading
Dogbane, spreading

Dogbane, spreading
Dogbane, spreading
Dogbane, spreading
Dogbane, spreading
Dogbane, spreading

Dutchman's Breeches                Flora of WV pp 416-7; Peterson's p 72; Wildflowers in Color p 40;
Dutchman's Breeches
Elderberry, Black or Common
Elder                              Flora of WV, p 900-1; Native Plants of PA p 6;
Elderberry, Black or Common
Elder
Elderberry, Black or Common
Elder
Elderberry, Black or Common
Elder
                                   Flora of WV p 672, pic p 673; Peterson's p 106, pick p 107 & p 156; Rickett
Evening Primrose, Common or        p 242, color p 241; Wildflowers in Color, p 71; Native Plants of PA lists as
"Wild Beet"                        July bloomer, p 54
Evening Primrose, Common or
"Wild Beet"
Evening Primrose, Common or
"Wild Beet"
Evening Primrose, Common or
"Wild Beet"
Evening Primrose, Common or
"Wild Beet"
Evening Primrose, cut-leaved       Flora of WV pp 672-673
Evening Primrose, Large or
sundrops                           Flora of WV pp 670-3
Evening Primrose, Large or
sundrops
                                   Flora of WV pp 962, pick 963; Rickett p 488, pick p 487; Peterson's p 90,
Everlasting, Pearly or Pussytoes   sketch p 91; Native Plants of PA lists as Aug bloomer

Everlasting, Pearly or Pussytoes
Everlasting, Pearly or Pussytoes
Everlasting, Pearly or Pussytoes

Everlasting, Pearly or Pussytoes
Flax, False                       Flora of WV p 424-5
Flax, Virginia yellow             Flora of WV p 578, pick p 579; Peterson's p 164, pic p 165;

Fleabane, Common or Phildelphia Flora of WV, p 956, sketch p 957; Peterson's p 308, sketch p 309

Fleabane, Common or Phildelphia

Fleabane, Common or Phildelphia

Fleabane, Common or Phildelphia
                                  Flora of WV p 956, sketch p 957; Peterson's p 94, pic p 95; Rickett p 479,
Fleabane, Daisy or White Top      pic 481; Native Plant of PA p 53;
Fleabane, Daisy or White Top
Fleabane, Daisy or White Top
Fleabane, Daisy or White Top
Fleabane, Daisy or White Top

Forget-me-not                     Flora of WV p782-3; Peterson's



Forget-me-not

Forsythia                         Not in Flora
Forsythia
Forsythia
Forsythia

Forsythia

Forsythia

Forsythia

Forsythia
Forsythia
Forsythia
Forsythia

Forsythia


Forsythia (Beatrice Farraud)      Not in Flora or Peterson's

Foxglove, Downy Yellow            Flora of WV pp 860-863;


Foxglove, Eutive-Leaved           Flora of WV pp 864, pic 863;


Foxglove, Eutive-Leaved           Wildflowers in Color, p 105.
Foxglove, Eutive-Leaved             Rickett p 410, color p 410;

Foxglove, fern-leaved (false yellow Flora of WV p 860, sketch p 847; Rickett p 408 calls it only Aurelaria
foxglove)                           pedicularia; Peterson's p 104, pic p 105; *Wildflowers in Color, p 105.


Foxglove, Smooth Yellow             Flora of WV pp 860, pic p 863; Peterson's-no pic*
Galinsoga, Smooth                   Flora of WV pp 995-6, "rare"; Peterson's p 92-3;

Galinsoga, Smooth
Galinsoga, Smooth
                                    Flora of WV p 232, sketch p 233; Peterson's p 296, sketch p 197; Native
Gerlic, Meadow or Wild              Plants of PA, p 52-June bloomer; rickett p 32, color p 33;
Gerlic, Meadow or Wild
Gerlic, Meadow or Wild

Gerlic, Meadow or Wild
Gerlic, Meadow or Wild

Gerlic, Meadow or Wild
Gerlic, Meadow or Wild
                                  Flora of WV pp 584-5; Peterson's p 218, pic p 219; *Wildflowers in Color p
                                  61; Native Plants of PA lists as April bloomer, p 52; Rickett p 234-236, color
                                  p 235; WV Dept of Ag's Spring Wildflowers- One of most common woodland
Geranium, wild or Wild Cranesbill plants-every count-often calles cranesbill because of beak-like shape of
(for long-beaked fruit) gerano =  fruit. Maculatum or spotted refers to blotched appearance of leaves, 5
greek for crane or wood geranium petals, light pink purple

Geranium, wild or Wild Cranesbill
(for long-beaked fruit) gerano =
greek for crane or wood geranium

Geranium, wild or Wild Cranesbill
(for long-beaked fruit) gerano =
greek for crane or wood geranium

Geranium, wild or Wild Cranesbill
(for long-beaked fruit) gerano =
greek for crane or wood geranium

Geranium, wild or Wild Cranesbill
(for long-beaked fruit) gerano =
greek for crane or wood geranium




Ginseng or "sang"                   Flora of WV p 680-1; Wildflowers in Color p 72; Peterson's p 366-7;
Ginseng or "sang"
Ginseng or "sang"

Ginseng or "sang"




Ginseng or "sang"

Ginseng or "sang"
Ginseng or "sang"




Ginseng or "sang"




Ginseng or "sang"

Ginseng or "sang"

Ginseng or "sang"

Ginseng or "sang"



Ginseng or "sang"
Ginseng or "sang"
Ginseng or "sang"

Ginseng or "sang"


Ginseng or "sang"

Ginseng or "sang"
Ginseng or "sang"

Ginseng or "sang"
Ginseng or "sang"

Ginseng or "sang"

Germander, American (mint family) Flora of WV III p 782, sketch p 785; Peterson's p 278, sketch p 279;
Gill-over-the-ground or ground ivy   Flora of WV pp 802-3; Peterson's p 348-9;
Gill-over-the-ground or ground ivy


Goat's Beard, Yellow                 Flora of WV IV p 1016; Peterson's p 110-pic p 111;

Goat's Rue, Catgut, Hoary pea        Flora of WV II, p554, sketch p 555; Peterson's p 152;
Goat's Rue, Catgut, Hoary pea


Goat's Rue, Catgut, Hoary pea
Goat's Rue, Catgut, Hoary pea
Goat's Rue, Catgut, Hoary pea
Goat's Rue, Catgut, Hoary pea
Goat's Rue, Catgut, Hoary pea
Goat's Rue, Catgut, Hoary pea
Golden Alexanders                    Flora of WV, pp 688 & 691;
Golden Alexanders                    Flora of WV, pp 688 & 691;
Golden Alexanders

Golden-Knees                         Flora of WV, pp 970-1; Peterson/s pp 142-3;


Golden-Knees

Golden-Knees

Golden-Knees

Golden-Knees

Golden-Knees
Golden-Knees

Golden-Knees


Golden-Knees


Golden-Knees
Golden-Knees
Goldenrod, Curtis'                   Flora of WV p 932, pic 931;

Goldenrod, Curtis'



                                     Flora of WV, p 934, pic p 933; Peterson's p 200, pic p 201; Rickett p 438,
Goldenrod, Downy                     color p 437; Native Plants of PA - 55 - Sept bloomer
                                    Flora of WV, p 936, sketch p 935; Rickett p 432, color, p435; Peterson's p
                                    192, sketch p 193; Wildflowers in Color-not this species, only gaul solidago.
                                    Native Plants of PA - p 54, July bloomer. WV Midsummer Wildflowers has
                                    sketch of this & reports 29 goldenrod species in the state, does not cause
Goldenrod, Early or Golden Top      hayfever as does assoc. ragweed.
Goldenrod, Elm-leaved               Flora of WV pp 940, pic p 939; Peterson's p 196-7;
Goldenrod, Elm-leaved
Goldenrod, grass-leaved or lance-
leaved                              Flora of WV p 942, pic p 941; Peterson's p 202, 203
Goldenrod, grass-leaved or lance-
leaved
Goldenrod, grass-leaved or lance-
leaved
Goldenrod, Late                     Flora of WV IV p 942, pic p 941; Peterson's p 190-1
Goldenrod, Mountain                 Flora of WV p 933, pic p 934; not in Peterson's
Goldenrod, Oldfield or gray         Flora of WV p 938-9; Peterson's p 194-5;
Goldenrod, Oldfield or gray


                                    Flora of WV Vol IV p 938, sketch p 937; Rickett p 433, color p 435;
Goldenrod, rough-leaf               Peterson's p 196, sketch p 197;

Goldenrod, rough-leaf
Goldenrod, rough-leaf
Goldenrod, Slender                  Flora of WV Vol IV p 934, pic p 935; Peterson's p 200, pic p 201;
Goldenrod, Squarroge or Stout
Goldenrod                           Flora of WV, p 932, pic p 931; Peterson's p 198

Goldenrod, Squarroge or Stout
Goldenrod
                                    Flora of WV p 938, sketch p 939; Rickett p 433, pic p 525; Peterson's p 190,
Goldenrod, Sweet                    sketch p 191.
Goldenrod, Sweet
Goldenrod, Tall "very tall"         Flora of WV p 940-1; Peterson's p 190-191;
Goldenrod, Tall "very tall"
Goldenrod, Wreath or Blue-          Flora of WV p 930-931; Peterson's p 200, pic p 201; Native Plants of PA -
Stemmed                             Sept. blooming
Goldenrod, Wreath or Blue-
Stemmed
Goldenrod, Wreath or Blue-
Stemmed
Goldenrod, Wrinkled or Rough-
stemmed                             Flora of WV p 940, pic p 939; Peterson's p 192, pic p 193;

Goldenrod, Zigzag or Broad-leaved Flora of WV p 932; pic p 931; Peterson's p 196-197

Goldenrod, Zigzag or Broad-leaved

Goldenrod, Zigzag or Broad-leaved
Gooseberry, Smooth                Flora of WV p 457-458;
Goosefoot, Standley's             Flora of WV p 344;
Grape, Graybark of Pigeon Grape   Not in Flora



Grape, Fox                        Flora of WV pp 628, pic p 726;

Grape, Sand                       Flora of WV pp 630, sketch p 629;
Grape, Silverleaf or Silverbush   Flora of WV pp 628;
Grape, Silverleaf or Silverbush


Grape, Summer                     Flora of WV p 628, pic p 627;
Grape, Summer

Grape, Summer
Grape, Summer
Grape, Summer
Grape, Summer

Grape, Winter                     Flora of WV p 628, pic p 629;
Grape, Winter
Grape, Winter
Greenbrier or Catbrier or         Flora of WV p 248, sketch 249; Peterson's p 370, sketch p 271; Native
Horsebrier                        Plants of PA gives May for blooming p 58;
Greenbrier or Catbrier or
Horsebrier
Greenbrier or Catbrier or
Horsebrier
Greenbrier or Catbrier or
Horsebrier
Greenbrier or Catbrier or
Horsebrier

Greenbrier or Catbrier or
Horsebrier
Greenbrier or Catbrier or
Horsebrier
Greenbrier or Catbrier or
Horsebrier




                                  Flora of WV p 834, sketch p 833; Peterson's p 144, sketch p 145;
Ground cherry (nightshade fam)    Wildflowers in Color, p 101; Rickett p 340, color p 517.

Ground cherry (nightshade fam)

Ground cherry (nightshade fam)
Ground cherry (nightshade fam)

Ground cherry (nightshade fam)

Ground cherry (nightshade fam)

Haw, Black                       Flora of WV, pp p898, pic p 897;
Haw, Black
Hawksbeard, small flowered or
narrow leaved                    Flora of WV, p 1022, pic p 1021, Peterson's pic p 173;
Hawksbeard, small flowered or
narrow leaved
Hawksbeard, Smooth               Flora of WV, pp 1021-1021;
                                 Flora of WV, Vol IV p 1036, pic p 1025; Wildflowers in Color p 133 - Flowers
                                 close at night. Not listed in Native Plants of PA. Peterson's p 174, sketch p
Hawkweed, Field or King Devil    175; Rickett p 52, color p 513;
Hawkweed, Field or King Devil
Hawkweed, Field or King Devil
Hawkweed, Field or King Devil
Hawkweed, Field or King Devil
Hawkweed, Field or King Devil
Hawkweed, Green's                Flora of WV p 1026-27-28;
Hawkweed, Hairy                  Flora of WV p 1028, pic p 1027; Peterson's pp 174-175;
Hawkweed, Hairy
Hawkweed, Orange or Devil's
pintbrush                        Flora of WV p 1024, pic p 1025. Peterson's P 208, pic p 209;
Hawkweed, Orange or Devil's
pintbrush
Hawkweed, Rough                  Flora of WV p 1026-1027; Peterson's p 174-5;
Hawkweed, Rough


Hazelnut, American               Flora of WV p 292-3;

Hazelnut, Beaked                 Flora of WV p 292-3-4;
Hepatica, Roundlobed             Flora of WV p 390-391; Peterson's p 238-239;

Hepatica, Roundlobed
Hepatica, Roundlobed

Hepatica, Roundlobed
Hepatica, Roundlobed

Hepatica, Roundlobed

Hepatica, Roundlobed

Hepatica, Roundlobed

Herb-Robert                      Flora of WV pp 586-7;
Heuchera, Downy             Flora of Wv pp 452-4;
Hog-peanut                  Flora of WV pp 573-4; Petersons' p 250-1;

Hog-peanut
Hog-peanut


Honeywort*                  Flora of WV p 690, pic p 691; Peterson's p 50, pic p 51;
Honeywort*


                            Flora ofWV p 892, pic p 893; Peterson's p 128, pic p 129; Wildflowers in
Honeysuckle, Japanese       Color p 111. Intro from Asia

Honeysuckle, Morrow's       Flora of WV II p 892, sketch p 893; Peterson's doesn't list this variety
Honeysuckle, Morrow's

Honeysuckle, Morrow's

Honeysuckle, Morrow's
Honeysuckle, Morrow's
Hop, common                 Flora of WV p 314-5;
Horehound, water            Flora of WV pp 882-24; not in Peterson's


                            Flora of WV p 826; Rickett p 368, pic p 369; Wildflowers in color p100;
Horsemint, Mint family      Peterson's p 126, sketch p 127;

Horsemint, Mint family

Horsetail, common           Flora of WV p 2 & 3;



Horseweed or Coltstail or   Flora of WV p 956, sketch p 957; Rickett p 479, color p 483; Peterson's p
Butterweed or Mule Weed     88, pic p 89.
Huckleberry, Black/also
Whortleberry                Flora of WV pp 720-1;
Huckleberry, Black/also
Whortleberry
Huckleberry, Black/also
Whortleberry
Huckleberry, Black/also
Whortleberry
Huckleberry, Black/also
Whortleberry



Hyacinth Bean               Flora of WV, pp 573-4;
                                  Flora of WV Vol I, p 238, pic p 1239; Peterson's p 316, pic p 317; Rickett p
Hyacinth, Grape                   42, color p 45;
Hyacinth, Grape


Hyacinth, Grape

Hyacinth, Grape
Hyacinth, Grape



Hyacinth, Wild or Wood Hyacinth   Flora of WV pp 236-7; pale blue; Peterson's pp 316, pic p 317;

Hyacinth, Wild or Wood Hyacinth

Hyacinth, Wild or Wood Hyacinth

Hyacinth, Wild or Wood Hyacinth


Hyacinth, Wild or Wood Hyacinth

Hyacinth, Wild or Wood Hyacinth

Hyacinth, Wild or Wood Hyacinth

Indian cucumber-root              Flora of WV pp 244, pic p 243;
Indian hemp or "Dogbane"
(according to Judy) (dogbane
family)                           Flora of WV, p 752, pic p 751; Peterson's p 70, pic p71;
Indian hemp or "Dogbane"
(according to Judy) (dogbane
family)
                                  Flora of WV p 707, pic p 708; Wildflowers in Color p 77; Peterson's p 232,
Indian Pipe or Corpse Plant or    sketch p 233, also p 20-21; Rickett p 252, color p 253; Native Plants of PA,
Ghost Flower                      p 39 - July bloomer-very white
Indian Pipe or Corpse Plant or
Ghost Flower
Indian Pipe or Corpse Plant or
Ghost Flower
Indian Pipe or Corpse Plant or
Ghost Flower
Indian Pipe or Corpse Plant or
Ghost Flower
Indian Pipe or Corpse Plant or
Ghost Flower
Indian Pipe or Corpse Plant or
Ghost Flower
Indian Pipe or Corpse Plant or
Ghost Flower
Indian Tobacco                           Flora of WV pp 910-11; Peterson's p 342-43;
Indian Tobacco
Indian Tobacco
Indian Tobacco
Indian Tobacco




Indigo, Wild                             Flora of WV p 544, pic p 545; Peterson's p 150, pic p 151;
Indigo, Wild
Indigo, Wild

Indigo, Wild

                                       Introduced in 1954-planted bulbs brought from 4729 MacArthur, NW,
                                       Washington, from home which were derived from original iris brought from
                                       Wykoff home at 19W Nixon, Cincinnati, summer of 1939. Also Dysons
Iris, Purple or "Flag" or Bearded iris brought hybrid iris plants in pine tree area at cabin; Flora of WV p 254

Iris, Purple or "Flag" or Bearded iris

Iris, Purple or "Flag" or Bearded iris

Iris, Purple or "Flag" or Bearded iris

Iris, Purple or "Flag" or Bearded iris

Iris, Purple or "Flag" or Bearded iris




Ivy, Poison                              Flora of WV p 608, pic p 609;
Ivy, Poison

Ivy, Poison
Ivy, Poison
Joe-Pye-Weed, Common                     Flora of WV p 919-921;

Joe-Pye-Weed, Spotted or Mottled Flora of WV p 919, sketch p 921; Peterson's p 298-299;
Joe-Pye-Weed, Sweet or wide-
leaved                           Flora of WV p 919-921; Peterson's p 298-299;
Joe-Pye-Weed, Sweet or wide-
leaved

Jonquil                                  Perry, Frances-Flowers of the World, p 23
Jonquil
Jonquil
Kidney Bean, Wild                  Flora of WV, pp572-3; Peterson's p 250-1;
Knapweed, Black or Spanish
Buttons or Hardheads               Flora of WV p 1012- pic p 1011; Peterson's p 306;
Knapweed, Black or Spanish
Buttons or Hardheads
Knapweed, Black or Spanish
Buttons or Hardheads
Knapweed, Black or Spanish
Buttons or Hardheads


Knapweed, Spotted or Star-thistle, Flora of WV, p 1012; Peterson's p 306, sketch p 307; Wildflowers in Color,
spotted                            p131; Rickett p 510, color p 506;
Knapweed, Spotted or Star-thistle,
spotted
                                   Flora of WV p 332-3; Peterson's p 386; Teale: A Ramble Through th Year -
                                   Nov 23: Many branched stems interlacing-mats-yellow smudges between
Knotweed or Knotgrass or           wheel tracks-attract sparrows-tree sparrows & juncos work over mats
Birdweed                           picking tiny seeds from leaf axils of stems.
                                   Flora of WV p 266, ppic p 267; Peterson's p 18, pic p 19; Native Plants of
Ladies Tresses                     PA-Sept blooming list; Wildflfowers in Color p 21;
Ladies Tresses



                                   Flora of WV p 258-9; Wildflowers in Color p 17; Native Plants of PA p 49;
LadySlipper, Pink                  Peterson's p 212, pic p 213; Rickett p 66, pic p 65;
LadySlipper, Pink



LadySlipper, Yellow                Flora of WV p 258-9; Peterson's p 104, pic p 105; Native Plants of PA p 17;

LadySlipper, Yellow
LadySlipper, Yellow


LadySlipper, Yellow

LadySlipper, Yellow
LadySlipper, Yellow

LadySlipper, Yellow
LadySlipper, Yellow
LadySlipper, Yellow


LadySlipper, Yellow

LadySlipper, Yellow
LadySlipper, Yellow



Lamb's Quarters or Pigweed         Flora of WV p 344, pic p 345; not in Rickett; Peterson's p 378, pic p 379;
Lamb's Quarters or Pigweed

Larkspur, spp                      Flora of WV p 396-7;




Laurel, Great or Deer Laurel       Flora of WV p 710-1; Forest trees of WV '68 Ed, p 101
Laurel, Great or Deer Laurel
Laurel, Great or Deer Laurel
Laurel, Great or Deer Laurel

Laurel, Great or Deer Laurel


Laurel, Great or Deer Laurel
Laurel, Great or Deer Laurel

Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico   Flora of WV p 714, pic p 715; Rickett p 297 shows only swamp laurel;
Bush                               Wildflowers in Color p 80; Peterson's p 228, sketch p 229;
Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico
Bush
Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico
Bush
Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico
Bush
Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico
Bush
Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico
Bush

                                   Perry, Frances - Flowers of the World, 1972. Roots sometimes made into
Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico   tobacco pipes & the wood into spoons & other aarticales, hence the Indidan
Bush                               name of "spoonwood". P 108
Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico
Bush

Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico
Bush

Laurel, Mountain or Ivy & Calico
Bush

Laurel, Purple or Mountain Rose
Boy                                Flora of WV, pp 710-711;
Laurel, Purple or Mountain Rose
Boy
Laurel, Purple or Mountain Rose
Boy
Laurel, Purple or Mountain Rose
Boy

Lespedeza, Bicolor or Japanese
Bushclover                          Flora of WV p 564, pick p 565; Rickett p 274;
Lespedeza, Bicolor or Japanese
Bushclover
Lespedeza, Bicolor or Japanese
Bushclover
Lespedeza, Bicolor or Japanese
Bushclover
Lespedeza, Bicolor or Japanese
Bushclover

Lespedeza, Bicolor or Japanese
Bushclover
Lespedeza, Bicolor or Japanese
Bushclover

Lettuce, Hairy                      Flora of WV pp 1020, pic p 1019; Peterson's p 172, pic p 173
Lettuce, Prickly or Compass Plant
(possibly a hybrid)                 Flora of WV pp 1018, pic p 1019;


Lettuce, White                      Flora of WV one vol.ed p 1022, pic p 1023; Peterson's p 74;
Lettuce, Wild or Horse-weed or
Devil-weed                          Flora of WV, p 1020, pic p 1019; Peterson's p 172-3;

Lilac, Purple or Common             Not in Flora
Lilac, Purple or Common


Lilac, Purple or Common



Lilac, Purple or Common

Licorice, Wild (White)              Flora of WV pp 882-3;

Licorice, Wild (White)


Licorice, Wild (White)



Licorice, Wild var. Hypomalacum     Flora of WV p 882
Licorice, Wild var. Hypomalacum

Lily of the Valley, European      Flora of WV pp 244, pic p 243; Wildflowers in Color-1965-p 12;
Lily of the Valley, European
Lily of the Valley, European



Lily, Tiger                       Flora of WV p 234; Peterson's p 206-7;
Lily, Tiger


Lily, Tiger


Lily, Tiger


Lily, Tiger
Lily, Tiger

Lion's Foot or Lion's Paw         Flora of WV, pp 1002-23;

Lion's Foot or Lion's Paw

Lobelia, Pale-Spike or Spiked     Flora of WV p 910, pic p 911; Peterson's p 342, pic p 343;


Lobelia, Pale-Spike or Spiked
Lobelia, Pale-Spike or Spiked
                                  Flora of WV p 910-11; (doesn't mention colore-imp! This one is WHITE-
Lobelia, White                    others are lavender

Lobelia, White

Lobelia, White

Lobelia, White

Lobelia, White



Lobelia, White
                                  Peterson's p 140-141; not in Flora; Peterson's calls it L. vulgaris-this is also
Loosestrife, Garden Escape        not in Flora
Loosestrife, Lance-Leaved         Flora of WV p 732-33;
                             Flora of WV p 729-30; Rickett p 302, color p 303; Wildflowers in Color p 85;
Loosestrife, Whorled         Peterson's p 140, sketch p 141; Native Plants of PA - June bloomer p 53;
Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled

Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled

Loosestrife, Whorled

Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled
Loosestrife, Whorled

                             Flora of WV, p 874; pic p 875; Peterson's p 286, pic p 287; Native Plants of
Lopseed                      PA lists July blooming;
Lopseed
Lopseed
Lopseed
Matrimony Vine               Flora of WV pp 834-5;




                             Flora of WV Vol II p 402, sketch p 403; Peterson's p 4, sketch p 5;
                             Wildflowers in color p 35; Rickett p 160, color p 161; Native Plants of PA p
May Apple                    52 - May bloomer

May Apple
Meadowrue, Revolute          Flora of WV p 338-9; Not in Peterson's


                             Flora of WV p 388, pic p 389; Peterson's p 72; pic p 73; Wildflowers in Color
                             p 29; Rickett p 120, color p 121; WV Dept of Ag Midsummer Wildflowers
                             (about 6/73) Foliage resemble that of tru rue tho' not in color. Numerous
                             flowers without petals-but white sepals-dense clusters. Showy
Meadowrue, Tall or Late or   polygamons(some perfect, some imperfect flowers). Wet meadows and
Muskrat/Musquash weed        along steams thru state. Native Plants of PA - June bloomer
Meadowrue, Tall or Late or
Muskrat/Musquash weed
Meadowrue, Tall or Late or
Muskrat/Musquash weed
Meadowrue, Tall or Late or
Muskrat/Musquash weed
Mercury, Common Three-Seeded       Flora of WV pp 594-5-6-; this specie not in Peterson's;
Mercury, Common Three-Seeded
Mercury, 3-seeded, Slender         Flora of WV p 596
                                   Flora of WV p 754 & 757; Native Plants of PA - p 53, June bloomer;
                                   Wildflowers in Color, p 90; peterson's p 294, sketch p 296; Rickett p 317,
Milkweed, Four-leaved or           color p 319. Foxfire Book, 19972, p 246: Juice of milkweed every day for 2
Woodland                           weeks for warts.



Milkweed, Four-leaved or           Perry, Frances: Flowers of the World reports North American Indians used
Woodland                           an Asclepias species. Also used latex as rubber substitute in emergencies.
Milkweed, Four-leaved or
Woodland
Milkweed, Four-leaved or
Woodland
Milkweed, Four-leaved or
Woodland
Milkweed, Four-leaved or
Woodland
Milkweed, Four-leaved or
Woodland

Milkweed, White                    Flora of WV p 756-7; Peterson's p 54-55;
Milkweed, White
Milkwort, Field or Rose Polygala   Flora of WV p 592, sketch p 593; Peterson's p 244-5;

Milkwort, Racemed                  Flora of WV p 591-2; Peterson's p 244-5;
Milkwort, Racemed
Milkwort, Racemed
Milkwort, Racemed
Milkwort, Racemed
Milkwort, Racemed
Milkwort, Racemed
Milkwort, Racemed
Milkwort, Whorled                  Flora of WV, p 592, 594, pic p 593; Peterson's pf 62, 244, 366;
Milkwort, Whorled
Milkwort, Whorled




Mint, Green-leaved Mountain        Flora of WV p 820, pic p 819; Rickett - 0
Mint, Green-leaved Mountain




                                   Flora of WV Vol III, p 820, pic p 821; Rickett p 374, color p 373; Peterson's p
Mint, Hoary, Mountin               820, pic p 821; Native Plants of PA lists July bloomer;
Mint, Hoary, Mountin

Mint, Hoary, Mountin
Mint, Hoary, Mountin

Mint, Hoary, Mountin
Mint, Hoary, Mountin
Mint, Whorled or Verticillate    Flora of WV p 818-9;

Mint, Southern Mountain          Flora of WV p 818-821;

Mint, Southern Mountain

Mint, Southern Mountain




                                 Flora of WV p 826, pic p 827; Rickett p 372, color p 371; Peterson's p 78,
Mint, Wild or Field              pic p 79.
Mint, Wild or Field
Mint, Wild or Field



Monkey-flower, Square-stemmed
or common or Allegheny           Flora of WV Vol III, p 834-833; Peterson's p 344, pic p 345;

Morning Glory, Ivy-Leaved        Flora of WV pp 760-1; Peterson's p 12


Motherwort                       Flora of WV p 806; Peterson's p 280, pic p 281;
Motherwort
Motherwort
Motherwort
Motherwort
Motherwort

Motherwort
Motherwort
Motherwort
Motherwort


Mountain Holly, variety Mollis   Flora of WV p 610-611;

Mugwort                          Flora of WV p 1000, pic p 999; Peterson's p 374;
Mugwort
Mugwort
Mullen, Great or Common-figwort
family or flannel leaf or velvet plant, Flora of WV , p 838, sketch p 839; Peterson's p 106, pic p 107; Weeds in
Aaron's rod (England) feltwort          Fields & Meadows of WV, p 31; Rickett p 389; color p 391-In Europe-"had
because densely woolly                  power to ward off evil" Plant had medicinal uses in olden times.
Mullen, Great or Common-figwort
family or flannel leaf or velvet plant,
Aaron's rod (England) feltwort
because densely woolly
Mullen, Great or Common-figwort
family or flannel leaf or velvet plant,
Aaron's rod (England) feltwort
because densely woolly
Mullen, Great or Common-figwort
family or flannel leaf or velvet plant,
Aaron's rod (England) feltwort
because densely woolly

Mullen, Great or Common-figwort
family or flannel leaf or velvet plant,
Aaron's rod (England) feltwort
because densely woolly
Mullen, Great or Common-figwort
family or flannel leaf or velvet plant,
Aaron's rod (England) feltwort
because densely woolly
Mullen, Great or Common-figwort
family or flannel leaf or velvet plant,
Aaron's rod (England) feltwort
because densely woolly



                                          Flora of WV, Part II, pp 426-7; Rickett p 164, color p 163; Wildflowers in
Mustard, Black                            Color p 41; Peterson's p 160, sketch p 161;

                                          Flora of WV Vol II, p 428, sketch p 429; Peterson's p 86, sketch p 87;
Mustard, Garlic                           Rickett p 176, color p 177; Not in Native Plants of PA or Wildflowers in Color
Mustard, Garlic
Mustard, Garlic
Mustard, Garlic
Mustard, Garlic
Mustard, Garlic
Mustard, Garlic

Mustard, Garlic
Mustard, Garlic
Mustard, Garlic
Mustard, Garlic
Mustard, Tumble                           Flora of WV p 430, pic p 431; Peterson's p 158-159;
Nailroot, Mountain or Whitlowart,
Shale                                     Flora of WV p 358-9;
Narcissus                          Hortus II, p 492;
Narcissus
Nettle, False                      Flora of WV p 318-319;
Nettle, Wood                       Flora of WV p 318-319;

New Jersey Tea or Red-Root         Flora of WV p 624;
Nightshade, Black                  Flora of WV pp 830, 1 & 2;


Nighshade, Enchanter's or Alpine   Flora of WV pp 676-7; Peterson's p 68, pic p 69; Wildflowers in Color p 72;


Nighshade, Enchanter's or Alpine
Nightshade, Enchanter's            Flora of WV pp 676-7; Peterson's p 68-69;
Nightshade, Enchanter's
Ox-eye, Rough                      Flora of WV pp 972, pic p 971; Peterson's p 182
Ox-eye, Rough
Ox-eye, Rough
Ox-eye, Rough
Ox-eye, Rough
                                   Flora of WV p 658, pic p 657, sketch p 651; Peterson's p 24, sketch p 25;
                                   var: rafinesqui; Rickett p 288, color p 293 (shows it yellow); not in
Pansy, Wild or Field               Wildflowers; Native Plants of PA lists it as April bloomer

Pansy, Wild or Field
Pansy, Wild or Field




Pellitory, Pennsylvania            Flora of WV p 318;




                                   Flora of WV p 814, pic p 813; Peterson p 348, sketch p 349; Rickett p 372,
Pennyroyal, American               color p 367; Native Plants of PA p 55 - August bloomer.
Pennyroyal, American
Pennyroyal, American


Pennyroyal, American

Pennyroyal, American
Pennyroyal, American
Pennyroyal, American
Pennyroyal, American
Pennyroyal, American
Pennyroyal, American

Peony                                Hortus;
Peony
Peony
Peony
Peony




Periwinkle, Common or running        Flora of WV, p 750, pic p 749; Peterson's p 322, pic p 323; Rickett p 316,
myrtle or blue myrtle or graveyard   color p 315; Wildflowers in Color p 89; Kinfield-myrtle runs over surface of
grass                                ground rooting along node, p 24.
Periwinkle, Common or running
myrtle or blue myrtle or graveyard
grass
Periwinkle, Common or running
myrtle or blue myrtle or graveyard
grass
                                     Flora of WV p 772, pic p 771; Peterson's p 266, pic p 227; Wildflowers in
Phlox, Fall or Panicled or Garden    Color p ; Native Plants of PA list July bloomer and call it Summer Phlox;
phlox or Perennial                   Rickett p 324;
Phlox, Fall or Panicled or Garden
phlox or Perennial
Phlox, Fall or Panicled or Garden
phlox or Perennial
Phlox, Fall or Panicled or Garden
phlox or Perennial
Phlox, Fall or Panicled or Garden
phlox or Perennial

                                     Flora of WV III p 770, pic p 769; Rickett p 322, pic p 325; Wildflowers in
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or          Color p 93; Native Plants of PA lists April bloomer - p 52; Peterson's p 222,
Flowering Moss                       pic p 223;
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss

Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss

Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Phlox, Moss or Moss-Pink or
Flowering Moss
Pilewort or Fireweed           Flora of WV p 1002, pic p 1001; Peterson's p 88-89;
Pilewort or Fireweed
Pilewort or Fireweed

Pilewort or Fireweed
Pilewort or Fireweed
                               Flora of WV p 734, sketch p 735; Peterson's p 264, sketch p 265; Rickett p
                               304, color p 305; Perry Frances, Flowers of the World p 243; - It is extremely
                               sensitive to atmospheric changes. Flowers close when rain threatens. In
                               Nile Valley a weed used a medicine for mania, gall stones, hydrophobia. Not
Pimpernel, Common or Scarlet   in Wildflowers in Color or Native Plants of PA.



Pimpernel, Common or Scarlet



Pimpernel, Common or Scarlet



Pimpernel, Common or Scarlet



Pimpernel, Common or Scarlet



Pimpernel, Common or Scarlet
Pimpernel, Yellow              Flora of WV pp 692-693;
Pimpernel, Yellow

Pimpernal, False               Flora of WV pp 850-851;
                                  Flora of WV pp 374-5; Peterson's p 222, pic p 223; Rickett p 190, color p
Pink, Deptford                    193; Wildflowers in Color p 27;
Pink, Deptford
Pink, Deptford
Pink, Deptford
Pink, Deptford
Pink, Deptford
Pink, Deptford
Pink, Deptford
Pink, Deptford
Pink, Deptford


Pinweed                           Flora of WV p 1046 (says L. villosa Ell); Lecheas p 642-645

Pinweed                           Flora of WV p 64, Peterson's p 310;
Pinweed
Pinweed

Pinweed
Pinweed
Pinweed



Pipsissewa, Striped or Spotted,
see Wintergreen, Spotted          Flora of WV p 705-706; Rickett (spotted) p 249, color p 251;
Pipsissewa, Striped or Spotted,
see Wintergreen, Spotted
Pipsissewa, Striped or Spotted,
see Wintergreen, Spotted
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*                             Flora of WV p 712-713;
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Pinxter Flower or Honeysuckle,
Pink*
Plantain, Common                   Flora of WV pp xxii, 876-877;

Plantain, Downy Rattlesnake        Flora of WV pp 268-269;
Plantain, Dwarf                    Flora of WV p876-877
Plantain, English or Buckhorn or
Narrow Leaf                        Flora of WV p 876, pic p 877; peterson's p 62, pic p 63;
Plantain, English or Buckhorn or
Narrow Leaf
Plantain, English or Buckhorn or
Narrow Leaf
Plantain, English or Buckhorn or
Narrow Leaf
Plantain, Great or Broad-leafed    Flora of WV p 876-877; Peterson's p 62, sketch p 32
Plantain, Great or Broad-leafed
Plantain, Great or Broad-leafed
Plantain, Great or Broad-leafed
Plantain, Pale Indian; sometimes   Flora of WV p 1002-3; Peterson's p 88, sketch p 89; Wildflowers in Color p
called Wild Caraway                129, often 5-7' high; Rickett p 506, color p 503;
Plantain, Pale Indian; sometimes
called Wild Caraway
Plantain, Pale Indian; sometimes
called Wild Caraway
Plantain, Pale Indian; sometimes
called Wild Caraway
Plantain, Pale Indian; sometimes
called Wild Caraway
Poinsettia, Wild or Fire-on-the-   Rickett p 99, color p 103; not in Flora or Peterson's or Wildflowers, but
Mountain; or Mexican Fireplant     Hortus state Illinois to Fl as range.

                                   Flora of WV III p 760-1; Peterson's p 12, sketch p 13; Rickett p 344;
                                   Wildflowers in Color p 91; WV Dept of Ag Midsummer Wildflowers (about
                                   6/73) Morning glory often called wild potato vine one of our worst weeds, tho
                                   beautiful white flower with purple center. Flowers open at night & close in
                                   brigh sunlight. WV Dept of Ag Weeds of Field & Meadow -close relative of
                                   cultivated morning glory not easily eradicated. Perennial root, leaves heart-
Potato-Vine, Wild or Wild Sweet    shaped 2-6" long with larger white trumpet flowers. closely related the
Potato or "Man-of-the-Earth"       "smaller flowers & leaves" usually are the bindweeds.
                                Flora of WV II p 352-3; Peterson's p 60, sketch p 61; Wildflowers in Color p
                                24; Rickett p 99, color, p 101; Native Plants of PA p 6; 4-8 foot herb. WV
                                Dept of Ag Weeds of Field & Meadow: (6/73) Stout reddish stems & dark
                                green leaves attractive; young shoots crimson-palatable as greens; WV
                                Dept of AG Poisonous Plants: Root poisonous-but mature stems & leaves
                                slightly so, too. Burning sensation in mouth & throat, nausea, vomiting,
                                diarrhea; First Aid: Vomit up, see MD for circulatory & respiratory
                                depression. Foxfire Book, 1972: Eat 1 or 2 pokeberries a day for a couple of
                                days for kidney trouble, p 243. Roasted poke root in ashes as you would a
                                potato. White hot, apply it to inflamed joint for rheumatism. Pulp of fruit not
                                poisonous nor are young shoots up to 6" high. Rickett-Crimson juice of fruits
                                & berries used by Missouri pewter-bingham as pigment. Reputed to be
                                poisonous but have been used to color foods & vines-Name Pigeonberry
Pokeweed                        suggests eaten by birds-Very large roots are poisonous.
Pokeweed
Pokeweed

Pokeweed

Pokeweed
                                Flora of WV IV p 940, sketch p 941; Peterson's p 90, sketch p 91;
                                Wildflowers in Color does not show this variety; Rickett p 486, color p 487;
Pussytoes, Field                Native Plants of PA lists as Apri bloomer.
Pussytoes, Field
Pussytoes, Field
Pussytoes, Field
Pussytoes, Plantain-Leaved or
Plantain-leaved Everlasting     Flora of WV p 960-1; Peterson's
Pussytoes, Plantain-Leaved or
Plantain-leaved Everlasting
Pussytoes, Plantain-Leaved or
Plantain-leaved Everlasting
Pussytoes, Plantain-Leaved or
Plantain-leaved Everlasting

Pussytoes, Shale-barren         Flora of WV p 960-959; Not on WV list (5/91)

Pussytoes, Shale-barren

Pussytoes, Shale-barren

Pussytoes, Shale-barren

Pussytoes, Single-Headed or
Solitary                        Flora of WV p 961; Peterson's p 90;
Pussytoes, Single-Headed or
Solitary
                                 Flora of WV p698, sketch p 699; Peterson's p 48, sketch p 49; Rickett p
                                 225, color p 226; Wildflowers in Color p 74. WV Dept of Ag Misdummer
                                 Wildflowers: (6/73) the original of vegetable carrot & intro from Europe by
                                 early settlers. White umbrels with central flower usually dark purple. WV
                                 Dept of Ag: Weeds of Fields & Meadow in WV: common weed, biennual or
Queen Anne's Lace or Wild Carrot annual & hard to eliminate.

Queen Anne's Lace or Wild Carrot

Queen Anne's Lace or Wild Carrot

Queen Anne's Lace or Wild Carrot

Queen Anne's Lace or Wild Carrot

Ragweed, Common                    Flora of WV pp 965-6; Peterson's p 374;
Ragweed, Common
Ragweed, Common
Ragweed, Common

Ragweed, Common


Ragwort                        Not in Flora; Peterson's p 176;
                               Flora of WV p 1006, pic p 1065; Peterson p 108, pic p 109; Rickett p 442,
                               color p 445; *WV Flora give this name to Roundleaf Ragwort; Native Plants
                               of PA lists as May bloomer p 52 & calls it Golden Groundsel; Wildflowers in
Ragwort, Golden or Squaw-wee*d Color p 130, shows another specie but mentions aureus as common in E
or Golden Groundsel            mts-heart-shaped leaves
Ragwort, Golden or Squaw-wee*d
or Golden Groundsel
Ragwort, Golden or Squaw-wee*d
or Golden Groundsel
Ragwort, Golden or Squaw-wee*d
or Golden Groundsel
Ragwort, Golden or Squaw-wee*d
or Golden Groundsel
Ragwort, Golden or Squaw-wee*d
or Golden Groundsel


Ragwort, Pussytoes                 Flora of WV p 1004, pic p 1005;

Ragwort, Pussytoes




Ragwort, Pussytoes
Ragwort, Pussytoes

Raspberry, Black                   Flora of WV p 508-509;
Raspberry, Black
Raspberry, Black

Raspberry, Black

Raspberry, Black
Raspberry, Black
Raspberry, Black
Raspberry, Mountain or Purple
Flowering                          Flora of WV p 508, pic p 507; Peterson's Edible Wild Plants, p 106, 212
Raspberry, Mountain or Purple
Flowering
Raspberry, Mountain or Purple
Flowering
Raspberry, Mountain or Purple
Flowering

Rattelbox                          Flora of WV pp 545-6;
Rattlesnake Root or Gall-of-the-
Earth                              Flora of WV p 1022, pic p 1023;
Rattlesnake Root or Gall-of-the-
Earth
Rattlesnake Root or Gall-of-the-
Earth

                                 Flora of WV p 1026, pic p 1025; Rickett p 522, color p 513; Peterson's p
Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's 174, sketch p 175; Native Plants of PA p 53 - lists as June bloomer & calls it
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed      Veined Hawkweed; Wildflowers in Color does not show this specie

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed
Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed

Rattlesnake-weed or Poor Robin's
Plantain or Veined Hawkweed


Rhododendron



Rhododendron



Rhododendron

Rhododendron

Rhododendron

Rhododendron
Rhododendron
Rhododendron
                                   Flora of WV p 439, pic p 441; Peterson's p 86-87: gives A hirsuita only-
Rockcress, Hairy                   May/June;

                                   Flora of WV p 439, pic p 441; Peterson's p 86-87; Rickett p 174, color p 177;
Rockcress, Smooth                  native Plants of PA lists as April blooming; not in Wildflowers in Color
Rockcress, Smooth

Rockcress, Smooth


Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or     Flora of WV p 532-533; Peterson p 218, pic p 219; Wildflowers in Color p
Pasture Rose                       55; Native Plants of PA p 57 - June blooming native shrub;
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose
Rose, Carolina or Wild Rose or
Pasture Rose

Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose   Flora of WV p 532, pic p 533; Not in Peterson's or Native Plants of PA
Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose
Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose
Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose


Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose

Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose


Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose


Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose




Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose



Rose, Multiflora or Rambler Rose
                                    Flora of WV p 810, pic p 799. Peterson's p 350, pic p 351; Wildflowers in
Sage, Wild or Cancer Weed           Color p 99, Native Plants of PA lists as June bloomer;




                                    Flora of WV III, p 639, pic p 640; Peterson's p 106-7, p 138-9; Wildflowers in
St.John's-wort, Common              Color p 67;
St.John's-wort, Common
St. John's-wort, Dotted             Flora of WV p 639-641; Peterson's p 138-9;
Sandwort, Thyme-leaved              Flora of WV p 362; Peterson's p 36, pic p 37 (lateriflora);
Sanicle                             Flora of WV p 684-685;

Selfheal, American                  Flora of WV p 804;

Selfheal, American
Selfheal, European or Heal-all or   Flora of WV p 805-5; Peterson's p 350, sketch p 351; Wildflowers in Colors
Bumblebee Weed                      p 97; rRickett p 376, color p 375;
Selfheal, European or Heal-all or
Bumblebee Weed
Selfheal, European or Heal-all or
Bumblebee Weed
Selfheal, European or Heal-all or
Bumblebee Weed
Selfheal, European or Heal-all or
Bumblebee Weed

                                    Flora of WV p 544, sketch p 545; Peterson's p 152, sketch p 152; Rickett p
Sensitive-Plant, Wild               233; Native Plants of PA list as June bloomer; not in Wildflowers in color


Sensitive-Plant, Wild

Shepherd's Purse or Shepherd's      Flora of WV p 424, pic p 425; Rickett p 180, color p 181; Peterson's p 82,
Pouch or Pickpocket                 sketch p 83. Not in Native Plants of PA or Wildflowers in Color
Shepherd's Purse or Shepherd's
Pouch or Pickpocket

Shooting Star                       Flora of WV pp 728-9; Peterson's p 220-1;
Shooting Star

Shooting Star
Sicklepod                           Flora of WV IV p 440, pic p 441; Peterson's p
Sicklepod

Sicklepod

Silverrod or Silver-rod             Flora of WV p 932-3; Peterson's p 58-59;
Silverrod or Silver-rod
Skeletonwood or Naked-weed         Flora of WV p 1016, pic p 1015;

Skullcap, Hairy                    Flora of WV p 795, pic p 796; Peterson's p 346-7;
Skullcap, Hairy
Skullcap, Hairy

Smartweed, Pennsylvania            Flora of WV p 332-335




                                   Flora of WV p 334, pic p 335; Peterson's doesn't show this specie-but
Smartweed, Water                   amppebicum; Rickett doesn't show this specie but other p 94;




                                 Flora of WV p 440, pic p 399; Rickett p 119; Wildflowers in Color p 34;
Snakeroot, Black or Black Cohosh Native Plants of PA lists July bloom, p 54; Peterson's p 60-61;

Snakeroot, Black or Black Cohosh

Snakeroot, Black or Black Cohosh

Snakeroot, Black or Black Cohosh

Snakeroot, Black or Black Cohosh
Snakeroot, Black                 Flora of WV p 684 & 687; Peterson's shows another sp. Marilandiea;
Snakeroot, Black
Snakeroot, Black
Snakeroot, Black


Snakeroot, Virginia                Flora of WV p 324, pic p 325; Peterson's p 388, pic p 389;
Snakeroot, White, Daisy or         Flora of WV IV p 920, sketch p 925; Peterson's p 46, sketch p 47-calls
Composite or Snow snakeroot or     Eupatona; Native Plants of PA lists as August bloomer p 55; Wildflowers in
Nettle-leaved Thoroughwort         Color p 119; Rickett p 496, color p 493;
Snakeroot, White, Daisy or
Composite or Snow snakeroot or
Nettle-leaved Thoroughwort
Snakeroot, White, Daisy or
Composite or Snow snakeroot or
Nettle-leaved Thoroughwort
Snakeroot, White, Daisy or
Composite or Snow snakeroot or
Nettle-leaved Thoroughwort
Snakeroot, White, Daisy or
Composite or Snow snakeroot or
Nettle-leaved Thoroughwort
Snakeroot, White, Daisy or
Composite or Snow snakeroot or
Nettle-leaved Thoroughwort
Snakeroot, White, Daisy or
Composite or Snow snakeroot or
Nettle-leaved Thoroughwort
Snapdragon, Small                Flora of WV p 842, pic p 841;
                                 Flora of WV III p 894, sketch p 893; Peterson shows only creeping
Snowberry                        snowberry; not in Native Plants of PA or Wildflowers in Color
Snowberry
Snowberry



                                 Flora of WV I p 244, p 245; Rickett p 34, color p 35; Wildflowers in Color p
Solomon's Seal, Common           12; Native Plants of PA lists as May bloomer; Peterson p 102, color p 103.
Solomon's Seal, Common


Solomon's Seal, Common
Solomon's Seal, Common
Solomon's Seal, Common

Solomon's Seal, Common

Solomon's Seal, Common
Solomon's Seal, Common

Solomon's Seal, Common
Solomon's Seal, Common

Solomon's Seal, Common

Solomon's Seal, Common
Solomon's Seal, Common

Solomon's Seal, Common
                                 Flora of WV p 240-241; Peterson's p 66, sketch p 67; Rickett p 36, color p
Solomon's Seal, False or Plume   35; WV Conservation list - 1973-"pick flowers sparringly-let plants live";
Lily or False Spikenard          Native Plants of PA p 35;
Solomon's Seal, False or Plume
Lily or False Spikenard
Solomon's Seal, False or Plume
Lily or False Spikenard
Solomon's Seal, False or Plume
Lily or False Spikenard
Solomon's Seal, False or Plume
Lily or False Spikenard
Solomon's Seal, False or Plume
Lily or False Spikenard

Solomon's Seal, False or Plume
Lily or False Spikenard
Solomon's Seal, False or Plume
Lily or False Spikenard
Solomon's Seal, False or Plume
Lily or False Spikenard



                                     Flora of WV p 328, pic p 329; Peterson's p 310, pic p 381, p 380; Rickett p
Sorrel, Sheep or Field Sorrel        98; not in Wildflowers in Color or Native Plants of PA
Sorrel, Sheep or Field Sorrel
Sorrel, Sheep or Field Sorrel
Sorrel, Sheep or Field Sorrel
Sorrel, Sheep or Field Sorrel

Sow Thistle, Spiny or Spiny-leaved Flora of WV p 1018, sketch p 1017; Peterson's p 110 & p 178;

Sow Thistle, Spiny or Spiny-leaved

Sow Thistle, Spiny or Spiny-leaved
Spanish Needles or Cutleaf Bur
Marigold                           Flora of WV p 993-4; Peterson's p 168;




Speedwell, Common or Gypsy           Flora of WV III p 839, sketch p 837*; Petersons' p 336, sketch p 337; Rickett
Weed                                 p 390, color p 391; Wildflowers in Color p 105;
Speedwell, Common or Gypsy
Weed
Speedwell, Common or Gypsy
Weed
                                     Flora of WV III p 854, sketch p 853; Peterson's p 336, sketch p 337; Rickett
Speedwell, Corn                      p 392; not in Native Plants of PA
Speedwell, Corn

Speedwell, Corn
                                     Flora of WV p 854, pic p 853; Peterson's p 336-7; (but states flowers single
Speedwell, Thyme-Leaved              in leav axis-not true-in racemes as Flora states)
Speedwell, Thyme-Leaved
Speedwell, Thyme-Leaved
Speedwell, Thyme-Leaved
Speedwell, Thyme-Leaved
Speedwell, Thyme-Leaved
Speedwell, Thyme-Leaved
Speedwell, Thyme-Leaved



Spice Bush                Flora of WV II, p 410-411; Wildflowers in Color p 39;
Spice Bush

Spice Bush


Spice Bush

Spice Bush

Spice Bush

                          Flora of WV p 210-211; Wildflowers in Color p 2, Petersons' p 314, pic p
Spiderwort, Virginia **   315; Rickett p 60, color p 61.
Spiderwort, Virginia **
                          Perry Frances, Flowers of the World, 1972. Originally brought from N Am to
Spiderwort, Virginia **   England 1629 & named for King Charles's gardner.
                          John Tradescant-the latter's son, JT 2nd, visited VA in 1637 & brought to
                          Eng a collection inc VA creeper, cardinal flower, etc & his collection became
                          foundation for Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, having willed it to Elias
Spiderwort, Virginia **   Ashmole
Spiderwort, Virginia **
Spiderwort, Virginia **
Spiderwort, Virginia **
Spiderwort, Virginia **
Spiderwort, Virginia **




Spiraea, Dwarf            Flora of WV p 464-5; Wildflowers in Color p 48; Peterson's doesn't list;

Spiraea, Dwarf
Spiraea, Dwarf
Spiraea, Dwarf

Spiraea, Dwarf


Spiraea, Dwarf
Spiraea, Dwarf


Spiraea, Dwarf
                                   Flora of WV p 354, sketch p 365; Peterson's p 32, sketch p 33; Wildflowers
                                   in Color p 24; Native Plants of PA p 34 - bloom early April for 6 weeks.
Spring Beauty * Purslane Family    Rickett p 233, color p 237;
Spring Beauty * Purslane Family
Spring Beauty * Purslane Family
Spurge, Prostrate                  Flora of WV p 602-3;
Spurge, Prostrate
Spurge, Spotted                    Flora of WV p 602-3;

                                   Flora of WV p 596, pic p 597; Peterson's p 44, pic p 45; Wildflowers in Color
Spurge, Flowering                  p 62; Native Plants of PA lists as July bloomer.
Spurge, Flowering
Spurge, Flowering
Spurge, Flowering
Spurge, Flowering
Spurge, Flowering
Spurge, Toothed                    Flora of WV pp 598-9;
Spurge, Toothed

Spurge, Wood                     Flora of WV p 600-601;
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear- Flora of WV p 852, sketch p 853; Rickett p 414, color p 315; Peterson's p
corn or Cancer-root              122, sketch p 123; Wildflowers in Color p 108;
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root
Squawroot or Cancerroot or Dear-
corn or Cancer-root


                                     Flora of WV IV p 984, pic 1005; Peterson's p 176, pic p 177; Rickett-No;
Squaw-weed or Roundleaf              Wildflowers in Color p 130 shows other specie & mentions this as having
Ragwort or Spoonleaf Groundsel       rounded, broader basal leaves.
Stargrass, Hairy or Yellow
Stargrass                            Flora of WV p 250-251; Wildflowers in Color p 15;
Stargrass, Hairy or Yellow
Stargrass
                                     Flora of WV p 444, sketch p 445. Peterson's p 56, sketch p 56; Rickett, p
                                     200 & 202, color p 201; Native Plants of PA p 14, - May bloomer;
                                     Wildflowers in Color p 42, Southern mts up to 3,000 ft. WV Dept of Ag
                                     Spring Wildflowers-(6/73): Moist rocky woods all parts of WV-often on large
Stonecrop, Wild or Threeleaf         boulders or against wet cliffs. Sc name from Sedere (Latin)-tosit-white
Stonecrop                            flowers in 3-part clusters, 4 or 5 petals, April to May.
                                     Flora of WV II, p 490-493; Wildflowers in Color p 52; Rickett p 142;
                                     Peterson's p 28, sketch p 29; Native Plants of PA lists as April bloomer;
Strawberry, Wild (Rose family)       Kenfield-strawberries run over surface, rooting at every node.
Strawberry, Wild (Rose family)

Strawberry, Wild (Rose family)

Strawberry, Wild (Rose family)
Strawberry, Wild (Rose family)


Sumac, Poison (Cashew family)        Flora of WV p 602, pic p 603;

                                     Flora of WV p 607-7; Wildflowers in Color p 63; Forest Trees of WV '68, p
Sumac, Staghorn (Cashew fam)         82.

Sumac, Staghorn (Cashew fam)
                                     Perry Frances, Flowers of the World, 1972: Staghorn berries when soaked
                                     in water make a pleasant "Indian Lemonade" most sumac leaves contain
                                     tannin. A Eur. Variety valuable for tanning most leathers. Other species for
Sumac, Staghorn (Cashew fam)         laquer & vegetable wax.

Sunflower, Hirsute or Stiff-haired   Flora of WV p 980, pic p 981; Peterson's p 182; Wildflowers in Color p 130;
Sunflower                            not in Native Plants of PA;
Sunflower, Thinleaved or 10-
Petaled                              Flora of WV p 982-3;
Sunflower, Thinleaved or 10-
Petaled
                                     Flora of WV p 980, sketch p 981; Peterson's p 182, sketch p 183; Native
Sunflower, Woodland                  Plants of PA lists as Aug bloomer
Sunflower, Woodland
Sunflower, Woodland
                                  Flora of WV p 686-7; Peterson p 52, sketch p 53; Rickett p 225, color p 223;
                                  Not in Wildflowers in Color; Native Plants of PA lists May bloomer -called
Sweet Cicely, Smooth or Aniseroot "anise root"

Sweet Cicely, Smooth or Aniseroot



Sweet Cicely, Smooth or Aniseroot


                                    Flora of WV II p 552, sketch p 553; Peterson' p 80, sketch p 81; Rickett p
Sweetclover, White (Pea family)     267, color p 268; not in Native Plants of PA or Wildflowers in Color
Sweetclover, White (Pea family)
Sweetclover, White (Pea family)

Sweetclover, Yellow                 Flora of WV p 552, pic p 553; Peterson's p 150;
Sweetclover, Yellow
Sweetclover, Yellow

Sweetclover, Yellow

Sweetclover, Yellow
Sweetclover, Yellow
Sweetclover, Yellow
Sweetclover, Yellow
Sweetclover, Yellow
Sweetclover, Yellow


Tarweed or Clammy Cuphea            Flora of WV p 662, pic p 665; Peterson's p 288, pic p 289;


Tarweed or Clammy Cuphea



Thimblewood or Summer
Anemone or Virginia Anemone         Flora of WV p 390-1; Petersons p 30;
Thimblewood or Summer
Anemone or Virginia Anemone
Thimblewood or Summer
Anemone or Virginia Anemone
Thimblewood or Summer
Anemone or Virginia Anemone
Thimblewood or Summer
Anemone or Virginia Anemone



                                    Flora of WV p 1008, pic p 1009; Petersons p 302-3; Wildflowers in Color p
Thistle, Ball or Common             130; not in Native Plants of PA
Thistle, Ball or Common
Thistle, Ball or Common
Thistle, Pasture or Bull              Flora of WV p 1010

Thistle, Tall                         Flora of WV p 1008-9; Peterson's p 304;
Tick-Trefoil, Naked or Sticktight,
Naked                                 Flora of WV p 560, pic p 599; Peterson's p 248-9; Wildflowers in Color p 59.
Tick-Trefoil, Naked or Sticktight,
Naked

Tick-Trefoil, Panicled                Flora of WV p 562, sketch p 563; Peterson's p 248-9;

Tick-Trefoil, Panicled

Tick-Trefoil, Panicled

Tick-Trefoil, Prostrate               Flora of WV p 560, pic p 559; Peterson's p 248, pic p 249;
Tick-Trefoil or Sticktight, MD        Flora of WV p 560 & 561 report in Morgan County

Toadflax, Bastard                     Flora of WV p 320-1;
Toadflax, Bastard


Toadflax, Bastard
Toadflax, Bastard


                                    Flora of WV p 436, skeetch p 435; Rickett p 170, color p 167; Wildflowers in
Toothwort, Cutleaf or 'pepper-root" Color p 42; Peterson's p 84, sketch p 85, also p 272 & sketch p 273;

Toothwort, Cutleaf or 'pepper-root"

Toothwort, Cutleaf or 'pepper-root"

Toothwort, Cutleaf or 'pepper-root"

Toothwort, Cutleaf or 'pepper-root"


                                      Flora of WV p 622, pic p 623; Wildflowers in Color p 65; Native Plants of PA,
                                      p 25-called jewelweed because lower surface leaf like silver & white & drops
Touch-Me-Not, Spotted                 like pearls. Peterson's p 208, pic p 209;
Touch-Me-Not, Spotted


Touch-Me-Not, Spotted

Touch-Me-Not, Spotted
Touch-Me-Not, Spotted
Touch-Me-Not, Spotted
Touch-Me-Not, Spotted
                                  Flora of WV I, p 272-3; Petersons' p 242, sketch p 243; Wildflowers in color
                                  p 21 "plant rarity"; Native Plants of PA p 49; Rickett p 85, color p 87; USDA
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved   Forest Service-Southern Region lists as 'uncommon-usually in moist mt.
(Orchid Family)                   woods'
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)


Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)


Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)

Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)

Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)


Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)

Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)

Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)

Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)
Twayblade, Large or Lily-leaved
(Orchid Family)




Twinleaf (Barberry Family) or      Flora of WV p 402-3; Native Plants of PA p 15*; Peterson's p 22, pic p 23;
Rheumatism Root                    Rickett, p 159, color p 157.

Twisted Stock or Hairy Disporum-   Flora of WV p 242-3; Says this usually in cold moist woods in mt counties,
Disporum lanugninosium             mostly above 2500 ft.
                                   Flora of WV p 908, sketch p 909; Peterson's p 340, sketch p 241;
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell      Wildflowers in Color p 115; Native Plants of PA p 53-lists as June bloomer;
Family)                            Rickett p 348, color p 347
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Venus Looking Glass (Bluebell
Family)
Vervain, White or Nettle Leaf
Vervain                             Flora of WV p 786-7;
Vervain, White or Nettle Leaf
Vervain
Vervain, White or Nettle Leaf
Vervain
Vervain, White or Nettle Leaf
Vervain

                                    Flora of WV p 568, sketch p 569; Peterson p 352, sketch p 353; Rickett p
Vetch, Common (Pulse Family)        256, color p 257; not in Wildflowers in Color or Native Plants of PA
Vetch, Common (Pulse Family)

Vetch, Crown                        Flora of WV p 556-7; Peterson's p 252
Vetch, Crown
Vetch, Crown
Vetch, Crown
Vetch, Crown

Vetch, Crown



Vetch, Hairy or Winter Vetch (Pea Flora of WV p 568, sketch p 569; Peterson's p 352; Rickett p 256, color p
Family)                           257; not in Native Plants of PA or Wildflowers in Color
Vetch, Hairy or Winter Vetch (Pea
Family)
Vetch, Hairy or Winter Vetch (Pea
Family)
                                  Flora of WV II p 570, pic p 569; Rickett p 256; not in Native Plants of PA or
Vetch                             Wildflowers in Color
Vetch

                                    Flora of WV p 652-3; Peterson's p 332-3; Wildflowers in Color p 68; Rickett
Violet, Arrow-leaf                  p 287, color p 284;
Violet, Arrow-leaf
Violet, Arrow-leaf

Violet, Arrow-leaf

Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or       Flora of WV III p 648-9; Peterson's p 319; Wildflowers in Color p 67; Native
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups         Plants of PA p 48
Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups

Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups
Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups
Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups
Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups



Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups
Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups

Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups
Violet, Bird-foot or Pansy or
Crowfoot or Johnny-jump-ups

Violet, Canada                  Flora of WV p 656-7; Peterson's p 24, sketch p 25;
Violet, Canada
Violet, Canada

                                Flora of WV p 648, sketch p 649; Peterson's p 330, sketch p 331; Rickett p
Violet, Common Blue             281-2-3; Native Plants of PA - April blooming list; not in Wildflowers in Color
Violet, Common Blue
Violet, Common Blue
Violet, Common Blue




Violet, Common Blue

Violet, Downy Wood              Flora of WV p 650-1;

                                Flora of WV p 652, sketch p 653; Peterson's p 332, sketch p 333; Rickett p
Violet, Early Blue or Wood      286; Native Plants of PA lists as May bloomer; not in Wildflowers in Color
Violet, Early Blue or Wood
Violet, Early Blue or Wood

Violet, Early Blue or Wood
Violet, Early Blue or Wood

Violet, Green                   Flora of WV p 644
                                     Flora of WV p 654, pic p 655; Peterson p 146, pic of leaf p 147 (note long
                                     'diamond' leaf; Native Plants of PA p 48 - named derived from leaf shped
                                     like a halberd or spear. Yellow flowers in late April; Rickett p 290, color p
Violet, Halberdleaf Yellow           293;

Violet, Marsh Blue                   Flora of WV p 648-9;
Violet, Marsh Blue
Violet, Marsh Blue

Violet, Northern Blue                Flora of WV p 650-651; Peterson's p 330-1; Rickett p 284;

Violet, Northern Blue


Violet, Ovate-leaved or Northern     Flora of WV p 650, pic p 651; Peterson's - no page given; Rickett p 284, pic
Downy Violet                         p 283; not in Native Plants of PA or Wildflowers in Color
Violet, Ovate-leaved or Northern
Downy Violet
Violet, Ovate-leaved or Northern
Downy Violet
Violet, Ovate-leaved or Northern
Downy Violet

Violet, Smooth Yellow                Flora of WV p 656, pic p 655; Peterson's p 146-7;

Violet, Smooth Yellow
                                     Flora of WV p 652-3; Peterson's p 332-3; Rickett p 286, color p 285; Native
Violet, Three-lobed                  Plants of PA lists as April bloomer.
Violet, Three-lobed
Violet, Three-lobed
Violet, Three-lobed
Violet, Three-lobed
Violet, Three-lobed
Violet, Three-lobed

Violet, Three-lobed

Violet, Three-lobed

Viper's BuGloss or Blue Thistle or
Bluedevil or Blueweed (Borage        Flora of WV III p 778-9; Peterson's p 316, color p 317; Rickett p 333, color p
Family)                              332; Wildflowers in Color p 95;
Viper's BuGloss or Blue Thistle or
Bluedevil or Blueweed (Borage
Family)
                                     Flora of WV p 620, sketch p 621; Native Plants of PA gives July as bloom
Virginia Creeper (Vine Family)       month; not in Peterson's

Virginia Creeper (Vine Family)

Virginia Creeper (Vine Family)
Virginia Creeper (Vine Family)
Virginia Creeper (Vine Family)
Virginia Creeper (Vine Family)




Virgins Bower or Clematis or Old   Flora of WV II p 392, pic p 393; Peterson's p 76, pic p 77; Rickett p 118,
Man's Beard (white)                color p 117; Wildflowers in Color p 31;
Virgins Bower or Clematis or Old
Man's Beard (white)
Virgins Bower or Clematis or Old
Man's Beard (white)


Virgins Bower or Clematis or Old
Man's Beard (white)
Virgins Bower or Clematis or Old
Man's Beard (white)
White Lettuce, Tall                Flora of WV p 1023-24p; Peterson's p 74075;


Whitlow grass, Carolina            Flora of WV p 421, no pic; Peterson's p 82
Whitlow grass, Carolina
                                   Flora of WV p 658, pic p 756; Peterson's p 224-25; not in Wildflowers in
Wild Field Pansy                   Color

Wild Field Pansy


                                   Flora of WV p 706, pic p 707; Peterson's p 26, pic p 27; Wildflowers in Color
Wintergreen, Spotted               p 76; Native Plants of PA p 38-June bloomer.

Wintergreen, Spotted

Wintergreen, Spotted

Wintergreen, Spotted
Wintergreen, Spotted

Wintergreen, Spotted
Wintergreen, Spotted

Wintergreen, Spotted

Wintergreen, Spotted
Wintergreen, Spotted
Wintergreen, Spotted

Wintergreen, Spotted
Wintergreen, Spotted
Wood-Betony, Lonsewort, or
Common                             Flora of WV p 864-5; Peterson's p 124-5; Wildflowers in Color p 106;
Woodmint, Hairy (Mint Family)       Flora of WV p 814, pic p 813, Peterson's p 350, no pic; Rickett p 370;
Woodmint, Hairy (Mint Family)
Woodmint, Hairy (Mint Family)
Wood Sorrel, Creeping or
Creeping Lady's Sorrel (wood
sorrel family)                      Flora of WV p 580, pic p 581; Peterson's p 148, pic p 149;
Wood Sorrel, Creeping or
Creeping Lady's Sorrel (wood
sorrel family)
Wood Sorrel, Creeping or
Creeping Lady's Sorrel (wood
sorrel family)
Wood Sorrel, Creeping or
Creeping Lady's Sorrel (wood
sorrel family)
Wood Sorrel, Creeping or
Creeping Lady's Sorrel (wood
sorrel family)

Wood Sorrel, Great Yellow           Flora of WV p 582-3; Peterson's p 148;
Wood Sorrel, Great Yellow
Wood Sorrel, Great Yellow

Wood Sorrel, European Yellow        Flora of WV p 582-3; Peterson's p 148, sketch p 149; Native Plants of PA
(often sorrels called sour grass)   lists as June bloomer; not in Wildflowers in Color or Rickett.
Wood Sorrel, European Yellow
(often sorrels called sour grass)
Wood Sorrel, European Yellow
(often sorrels called sour grass)
Wood Sorrel, European Yellow
(often sorrels called sour grass)
Wood Sorrel, European Yellow
(often sorrels called sour grass)

Wood Sorrel, Upright Yellow    Flora of WV p 582, pic p 581; Peterson's p 148-9;
Wood Sorrel, Upright Yellow
Wood Sorrel, Upright Yellow
Wood Sorrel, Upright Yellow
Wood Sorrel, Upright Yellow
Wood Sorrel, Upright Yellow
Wood Sorrel, Upright Yellow
Wood Sorrel, Violet            Flora of WV p 580-1;
Wormwood, Sweet Annie or Young
Man's Love                     Flora of WV p 999-1000; Peterson's p 374-5;
Wormwood, Sweet Annie or Young
Man's Love
Yam, Four-leaved Wild              Flora of WV p 250, sketch p 251; Not in Wildflowers in Color/Rickett

Yam, Four-leaved Wild

Yam, Four-leaved Wild

Yam, Four-leaved Wild
Yam, Four-leaved Wild
Yam, Four-leaved Wild
Yam, Four-leaved Wild

Yam Wild                           Flora of WV p 250-1; not in Peterson's
Yam Wild

Yam Wild
Yam Wild
Yam Wild




                                   Flora of WVp 998, sketch p 995; Peterson's p 44, sketch p 45; Rickett p 482
Yarrow or Milfoil                  & 484, color p 485; Wildflowers in Color p 128;
Yarrow or Milfoil
Yarrow or Milfoil
Yarrow or Milfoil
Yarrow or Milfoil
Yarrow or Milfoil

Young Man's Love or Sweet Annie
(Sweet Wormwood)
Young Man's Love or Sweet Annie
(Sweet Wormwood)
Yucca or Adam's Needle or Sik   Flora of WV p 238; Peterson's p 4, pic p 5; Rickett p 39; Wildflowers in Color
Grass or Spanish Bayonet        p 239.
Yucca or Adam's Needle or Sik
Grass or Spanish Bayonet
Yucca or Adam's Needle or Sik
Grass or Spanish Bayonet
Yucca or Adam's Needle or Sik
Grass or Spanish Bayonet
Yucca or Adam's Needle or Sik
Grass or Spanish Bayonet
Yucca or Adam's Needle or Sik
Grass or Spanish Bayonet
Yucca or Adam's Needle or Sik
Grass or Spanish Bayonet

Yucca or Adam's Needle or Sik
Grass or Spanish Bayonet
Yucca or Adam's Needle or Sik
Grass or Spanish Bayonet
Comments                                                                                        Month   Day

Hairy or sawtoothed stem, 3-9 on slender leafy leaves on elongated & linear, elongated stems


May be 3 ft; stem & lower surface covered with grey down, leaf segments are deeply cleft
Stem may have scattered hairs but is often smooth
Mat forming minute pinkish flowers at base of short needlelike leaves, berry purple

                                                                                                   9      21
Aug-Sep fruit dark purple - flower white

4 petals, 5 sepals, upper one spurred, blue, rarely white
Purple blue downy -
Common in sandy & alluvial soil
Yellow florets, rich lands and meadows, uncommon in WV                                             5       8
                                                                                                   6      23



Introduced 5/19/1970; not a laurel; member of the heath family; reached 7 or 8' by 1977            5      30
Common in the state; crowfoot family and buttercup                                                 5       6
                                                                                                   4      30

                                                                                                   5      30
Low woods throughout state; esp. slopes of Alleghenies                                             6       3
                                                                                                   6      22
                                                                                                   5      30
                                                                                                   5      31
                                                                                                   9      19
Violet or blue rays, rarely white                                                                  9      29

                                                                                                   9      21
Lists Morgan Cnty, tho' "uncommon" in WV; flower pale lavender or blue, rarely white, 9-17
rays, delicate looking - lilac shade, very yellow disc                                             9      29
Lovely tiny white blossoms - some with deep violet centers, otherwise yellow ones                  9      28
Rays violet, common, low places along streams; smooth, zigzag stems, clasping leaves,
narrowed & toothless - pale violet                                                                 9      21
Stem rough/hairy/leaves oblong/lancetate/flowers showy, deep purple- frequent-Morgan               9      15
5 or so white rays - seem to turn backward, smooth, untoothed oval leaf                            9      17
White - rarely blue or violet tinged                                                               6       7
White - tea rays, between DIVARICATUS or MACAROPHYLLUS - some leaves almost closing,
others petiold, woods and thickets thru site (inc. Morgan County)                                 10       1
Blue-violet rays, rarely white, green tipped (?)                                                   9      29

No teeth or hair on leaves, no basal leaves, aka Aster Paternus ?long; sparse rays 4-7 or so
but toothed, heart shaped leaves unlike the rare narrow leaved Paffus brown (not white aster)      9      19
Several blooming off old Grime's golden apple area above Big Bend                                  9       8
Blooming along O Road and near gate & upper Entrance Road                                          9      10
A number of these on steep slope of Blue Trail                                                     9      29
Rays light blue, flora - pale blue-violet (P)                                                     10       1
Stem usually vellous hirsute, 3-9 dm high, weird like spreading brambles lower leaves oblong,
sometimes toothed; other linear, heads 6 mm or < high; involucre hemispheric or campanulate;          9       15
phyllaries with green tips, rays white, common thru state. Many variables. Rickett: 8"-5'             9       16
misnamed bec. several forms have smooth stem and leaves whereas "pilse" means "with long              9
hairs". stem many short,narrow leaves, often almost awl-shaped, Those on flowering branches           9       12
Dry open woods, very common, zig zag stems, hairy saw toothed leaves, 6-9 rays, brown
central disk                                                                                          10       1
                                                                                                       9      16

1-6' leafy branches, long flower heads, blue violet, rarely white. Distinct pattern of conspicuous
veins on undersurface of leaves forming metwork enclosing areas no longer > broad.
Specimen has the veins as described under glass. Flowers small, violet, slightly toothed leaves
2-5' inc WV in range.
Says this variety is reported for WV (Gray's Manual) by Fernald, doubtless on records of
Millspaugh (1913, p. 377) Prob these reports should be referred to A. simplex BUT A. simplex
has white flowers, rarely tinged with blue or lavender.                                               7       16

Does not mention spurs - found on older plants, leaves silvery underneath, silvery red berries,
lovely but a pest unless controlled
Both geums orginally have pinnate leaves in layered small segments, Hairy stems and leaves,
leaf segments shallowly toothed, mose areas large leaf segment at center.
Solitary yellow flowers, stem hirsute. Dry woods, esp. in mts. Morgan cnty listed, leaves
pinnately divided.                                                                                    5        8
Most leaves have 3 layer terminal leafelts. The center one larger than 2 others, coarsely
toothed - stem hairy, petals shorts than stepals.                                                     6       15
                                                                                                      6       23
                                                                                                      9       21
Common in every county, borders of woods                                                              9       12
Desc. Flame, roseum (downy pinxter bloom, swamp (uscosum) & smooth (arborscence) Pick
flowers sparringly, let plants live,                                                                  5       23
Lovely small yellow blossoms - Tiny sp(?) leaves emerald graan - conspicuous green in early
spring                                                                                                4       20
Perenial, hairy, erect, leaves ovate, petiled, nearly entire flowers in globular clusters, brackets
conspicuous, exceeding cymes - colyn pubescent, corolla lavender tp ink - 11-13 mm long,
common in every county                                                                                9       11
dry soil, local                                                                                       9       24

Up to 5' - shining smooth stems and leaves, white corolla; often with purple lines inside, an inch         15 and
or more long. Stem glandular in flowering part.                                                       5        30

                                                                                                      6       12

                                                                                                      5       30
1 to 3' tall, grey down on stem, violet or purple flowers, darker lines inside, lower lobe points;
Drry woods & woodland borders inc Morgan Cnty                                                         6        2
                                                                                                      6        2
                                                                                                      5       27
                                                                                                      5       24
                                                                                                      6       12
                                                                                                      6        1
This is on steep bank - near a shale bank - end of our line (take ….?) - and marked by one
great flat rock embedded in bank - below many big rock outcrops above - Paw Paws have
spread from above on both sides of road nearby.                                                         6   3 & 12



                                                                                                        6         8


* Greek-gala-milk, because some species are said to make milk curdle, (p 861); whorls of 4
oval or ovalovate - flowers yellowish purple; leaves very hairy at ends - stems not as hairy            9         21
Purple flowers - cymed lovely                                                                           5    25
                                                                                                        5    25
Rough rasping prickles-leaves mostly whorls of 6                                                        5    24
Purple leaves in 5-8's; sl greenish white                                                               9    19
                                                                                                        9    15

                                                                                                        9    6


                                                                                                        8     8
                                                                                                        9    21


                                                                                                        6    12
This species will form bell like flowers, stout plant up to 6' with lancolate or oval toothed leaves;
light blue corolla - 5 spreading lobes style downward with tip upward; lower flowers in axils q.
leaves, upper area in axils of bracts forming roceme.
Every county - moist woods; flowers 1" across - moist woods willow like leaves, pointed 3-6"
long prominent curving style. Flat, spear-shaped deep blue flower (5 clefts) very prominent
style - curves upwards & out from flowers - long pointed leaves lovely                                  9

                                                                                                        4    27
                                                                                                        6    12
Smooth leaves, yellow flowers
Rich woods, probably in every county
A single yellowish fragrant flower droops at tip of forking leaflet which appears to pierce leaves.
Inside flower is rough with orange grains distinguishing it from large flowered bellwort, whose
leaves clasp stem. Flowers may be picked sparingly, let plants live. (Plant Conservation List for
WV, p. 73)                                                                                              6    8

                                                                                                        6    12

                                                                                                        6    25
                                                                                                        6    13

May-June in Mt. woods, flowers slighty yellow, rounded leaf base                                        6    12
Handsome 1-5' leaves stalked totthed, lanceolate stem & leaves smooth or softly hairy; Plant
brewed into tea, serving as a nerve & stomach tonic; same plant with purple flowers is purple
bergamot                                                                                                7    14
Lovely tiny pink trumpet on old orchard side of Big Bend                                                9    21
                                                                                                        6    25
A tall mustard plant-leaves lyrately lobed clasp stems auriculate stem 3-9 dm high glalous
seleques 3-8 cm long, the beak 0.8 - 2 cm seeds visible in pods                                      7   16


Wet places, common                                                                                   6   12
Berries cause burning sensation in throat, nausea, pupil dilation, dizziness and perhaps
convulsions; get victim to vomit; MD for alkaloid poisoning                                          5

                                                                                                     9   30

                                                                                                     9   25
                                                                                                     5   15

                                                                                                     6
                                                                                                     5   13

Fragrant white flowers                                                                               5   11
                                                                                                     5   30
Rubus is Latin for bramble. White spineless weakly armed lays upright glandles essentially
glelmous bus - leaves thin & bright green, prim case leaves mostly few - narrow & long pointed,
common - cool woods - chiefly at high elevations                                                     5   26


Severe drought since July 1 - most plants stressed at Eidolon                                        8   15


                                                                                                     6   8
Staminate plants 4.5-7.5 dm tall pestillate plants taller, up to 12 dm, basal leaves 5-20 cm long,
2.5-7 cm under stem leaves lanceolate upper are linear stanunate roceme nodding or finally
erect, fruiting redisce 1-5 mm long capsule 7-10 mm long

Indians used juice to color baskets & other products; Puccoon or Puccoon root - Indian name
from dark blood red juice of root which they used to paint bodies, clothes, implements               6   6
4 narrow petals alternating with 4 wider ones - variable - 2 sepals rarely seen except on bud;
Red sap of rhysome has been used as a dye. Puccoon name given by Indians to several plants
that yield a dye. Sanguinaria is red puccoon - yellow is lithospermium.                              6   20
Also believed to cure rattlesnake bites & coughs                                                     6   20

                                                                                                     4   28
                                                                                                     6    5
                                                                                                     6    6
                                                                                                     4    9

                                                                                                     4   16

                                                                                                     6

                                                                                                     5   27
                                                                                                     6    1
                                                                                                     6    2
                                                                                                     6    1

A flat stemmed species with no STEMS BRANCHED; Note also that S. mucronatum which is in
Flora of WV has wiry stems & very slender leaves 1/2" and mush shorter than stems                    6     7
                                                                                                     9    19
                                                                                                     6     1
                                                                                                     9    25
Pale purple, commenest summer bluet in WV, dry, open places-every county - 4 petals                  9    19
                                                                                                     9    12
                                                                                                     6    26
                                                                                                     6    12
                                                                                                     6    13
                                                                                                     6     1

These were white with slight bluish color toward yellow center of 4 petals                           5    30
                                                                                                     6    12
White or pink, bright blueberry, green leaves - globuous sharply serrate
One of most important wildlife food plants; leading blueberry in WV-often called huckleberry but
tree huckleberry is black - 10 seeds                                                                 7    6

                                                                                                     9    15
                                                                                                     9    19

                                                                                                     4    27
                                                                                                     4    30
                                                                                                     6
H. Harvery remembers use of boneset tea for arthritus                                                9    21
Leaves alt & resin-dotted; a rayless composite suggesting a boneset                                  6    23
                                                                                                     9    21
                                                                                                     9    12
                                                                                                     9    30
                                                                                                     6    26
2'-5' tall, narrow toothed leaves, round base. Leaves & stem smooth or nearly so, broadest at
white flowers, 5-6 in a head. Earl Cove (Monangalia Story ch 65-says drink made from bonset
used to treat malaria in 1841.Then called intermittent fever-boneset prob got its name from
setting the bones still after shivery from malaria chills, p 393; Foxfire Book 1972, p234 says tea
from bonset leaves good for colds. Also tea made from pine top neeldes & boneset in boiling
water, sweetened w honey good for colds. P240 - 1 tbsp of tea from bonset leaves(freshor
dried) good for insomnia P 238-9 Dry boneset leaves soak in sun, then leaves in some water,
strain, drink for "flu"                                                                              10   2
Fragrant flowers in congested cymes in leaf axle & at tip of stem; 5-toothed calyz often
arranged in 2 lobes; along Orleans Road - midsummer                                                  5    23
                                                                                                     6     4
Few narrow white or pale pink petals projecting untidily ribbon-fashion. Many stamens - 5
pistels from tiny stipules & finely toothed leaf margins. Petals from 1/2 to 1" long. Woods -
(other gillenia - "IndianPhysic or Am Ipecac" has layer stiu[pules - very sharply totthed leaf
margins & petals at most 1/2 long.                                                                     5    31

                                                                                                       6    4

                                                                                                       5    25
Flats of Snowy Creek, unknown elsewhere                                                                4    30
Interesting empty seed pods - & green plds                                                             8     4
                                                                                                       5    29
Climbing vine, arrowhead-shaped leaves, reddish stems & racemes of whitish-pink flowers or
winged fruits in leaf axils. Low woods, thickets, most of our area. Perennial, smooth, leaves
heart or halberd shaped, poteets 5-13 cm long, racemes leafy, flowers greenish yellow, calyx 5
parted, 3 outer locks sharply keeled & broadly winged in fruit 8-10 mm long wings often crissed,
achene smooth & (?) 3-5/6 mm long; Most thickets.                                                      9
                                                                                                       9    12

                                                                                                       9    23
Greenish-white, rich open woods and rocky places; achene shiny black                                   9    19
                                                                                                       9    21

                                                                                                       9    29
White, leaves dark green or purple tipped ovals, coarsely toothed,axillary clusters                    9    19
                                                                                                       9    10

Blooms clustered at stem, white corolla; exillary uppermost cluster, sometimes on flowered only        6    23
Purple or pink flowers project from bristley bracts; young shoots have personel calix; Coarse,
heart-shaped leaves often 1" > wide. Small flowers in heads covered with rigid hooks spines
attaching to clothing for seed dispersal. A "football with hooks". Beware of Herbal Teas by
Elaine Bower, Ext Agent w Morgan Messenger-2/9/1983 warns that as little as 1/2 c of Burdock
Root can cause blurred visions, enlarged pupils, dry mouth, inability to urinate & bizarre
behavior & speech.                                                                                     5    18
                                                                                                       6    16
                                                                                                       9    21


                                                                                                     Fall
                                                                                                       6    19
                                                                                                       6     1
                                                                                                       9    14

Trailing but more or less erect flowering branches rising from leaf axils. Downy flowers purplish;
Stem trailing, soft downy with short spreading hairs, leaflets downy, ovate or obuvate elliptical
(in 3's like clover) - peduncles slender few flowers -legume small rounded - dry shaly soil,
common thru state. Softly hairy flowers clusters on very long stalks. Leaf segments only 1" long
or < +1/2 as wide.Rickett says L. repens same except smooth or almost so-leaf segments more
round, often sikly underneath. A narrow-leafed form of L. procumbeus is also existing.                 9    20
                                                                                                       9    24
                                                                                                       9    16
                                                                                                       9    21
Figmont/Snapdragon family. Common - every county, intro from Europe, also native of Asia; *In
Germany, flowers were usedfor making yellow dyes.                                                   9

                                                                                                    9   15
                                                                                                    6   23
                                                                                                    6   12
                                                                                                    6   26
                                                                                                    6   12

Fritillary & Monarch butterflies attracted to it. Milkweeds ensure pollination by clipping pollen
bracelet around insect's leg. Stems hairy, not milky when broken. Bright orange flowers. Leaves
roughly hairy - long narrow pointed - sometimes indented base in sun - dry roads - orange -
yellow hourglass flowers. For Pneumonia - Tea from butterfly weed w a little whiskey - p. 243
Foxfire Book, 1972. Rickett: Deep, tough rhizome ("root") was reported to furnish a cure for
pleurisy. Perry, Frances - Flowers of the World. A tuberosa boiled by N American Indians &
eaten with buffalo meat. Roots boiled, also tender young shoots.
Flowers may be picked sparringly, let plants live




Common , esp, in mt. counties. Leaves 3-div, div all seasicle & 3 cleft, petals longer than
sepals; Hairy, erect, branching, unstalked segments, * Most frequent cause of poisoning of
cattle & poison makes milk unpalatable                                                              5    8
White fringed; fringed petals. Leaves often in whorls of 4, 2-3 ft. high;                           7   14

Perennial, erect, leaves w whorls of 4 flowers in open pyramidial panicles-calyx bell-shaped        5   28

Petals white, cut into a fringe, wooded banks abundant thru state                                   7   18

                                                                                                    9   11
                                                                                                    6   26
Flowers fancied to resemble a hare! At throat small greenish-purple flowers in loose cymes
strong scented herb                                                                                 6   12

                                                                                                    6   12

No thorns, a green briar-stem is annual & dies back to ground, blue black berries, sharp tip on
round leaves                                                                                        6   23
Pink flowers close in evening. Portion of each internode clusters & small insects become
attached, probably every county                                                                     9   19
Formerly cultivated for supposed medicinal value
Stalked, jagged snoe-shaped leaves (toothed) whitishe beneath. Flowers crowded, white with
pink spots
                                                                                                    9   13
Earl Cove: Monangalia Story - Ch. 6, cough syrup made from catnip in 1853 (p 393); Foxfire
Book, 1972, Boil 10 catnip leaves in 1 1/2 to 3 cu water, take tsp of this tea 3-4Xday for hives;
especially good for babies. Helovoria, WV Cookbook-catnip tea for stomach trouble, boil with
water, add sugar; Perry Frances-Flower of the World, 1972 - catnip inebriates cats! Bowers,
Elaine -Home Ec Ext Agent in Morgan Messenger 2/9/1983 warns catnip tea is a strong
stimulant and can cause hallucinations.                                                             7   14
Deftly notched petals gives impression of 10 instead of 5!                                          5   17
Troublesome weed - common - naturalized from Europe                                                  8    5
Hairy stalkless oval leaves & hairy stems. Deeply cleft 5 white petals looks like 10 about as long
as green sepals, waste places, edges                                                                 8    5
Spreading, branchy forms mats. Hairy & usually sticky, leaves an inch or >


                                                                                                     9 14 & 19
                                                                                                     9   12
White flowers with 5 petals, capanles nodding in cymus, curved upward like a powder horn -
almost 3x as long as the calyx                                                                       5    25
Intro from Europe, showy - they close in bright sunshine - common along highways; Horace
described leaves of our wild chicory as part of his frugal fare. Pliny remarked on imp of this
plant to the Egyptians whose diet it still is a staple. In parts of US & Europe, roots as roasted,
ground and added to coffee & the leaves as eaten in salad. Has milky juice as lettuce and
dandelion                                                                                            9

Clear blue stalkless flowers, rays square-tipped & fringed - closed by noon on nearly naked,
rigid stem. Basil leaves dandelion-like - to 4 ft.                                                   10   2

12-20 square tipped petals, usually closed on cloudy or rainy days; long top root dried, ground &
added to coffee for flavor in France and other places                                                9    15
Planted in mid-50's when road bulldozed around cabin site. Brought by dysons from their
Lebanon, PA home - bronze in color & 2 white. Perry, Frances-Flowers of the World, 1972.
chinese cultivated it in 500 BC. Mikado adopted it as his personal emblem in 797. the Japanese
held C shows in 900AD. The flag of Japan shows a rising sun which represents a C with disc
and 16 petals. introduced into Europe in 18th century.                                               10   20
Leaves toothed & more rounded than simplex or common C. & without teeth below the middle
of leaf stems densely silver-hairy. NOTE: MD TNC newsletter Fall 1992 reported Dwarf
Cinquefoil the only food of the soutnern grizzled skipper (Pyrus Centaurene)                         6    1
Resemble 3-leaved, white flowers strawberry



Sub erect or procumbent 2-7 dm long- stem hairy- leaves mostly 5-foliate - leaflets oblanceolate
coarsely toothed. Yellow flowers, 2-25 stamen. Indicates acid soil. Less frequent in limstone
regions of E WV. Native Plants of PA calls it a 5-finger and lists as canadensia blooming            6    12

Every county; a 3-leaved cinquefoil, taller 1-3 ft - leaves at intervals from stalk                  9    11
                                                                                                     6    12
                                                                                                     7     6
                                                                                                     9    16
                                                                                                     6    23
                                                                                                     6    26
Very tall large flowers, hairy; broad showy yellow; prob every county                                9    19
                                                                                                     6     1
                                                                                                     6    23
                                                                                                    6    8
                                                                                                    6   12

                                                                                                    6   16
Nettle-like appearance but shorter & no slinging hairs, stem translucent. Moist shady places.
Toothed (coarsely) hear-shaped leaves. (Flower clusters & center where leaf stems start &
several story's of them-MZ)                                                                         9   21
                                                                                                    9   12
                                                                                                    9   30

(very rough - single or 2-flowered cyme                                                             6   12
Smooth stems up to almost 3'; flowers pink or pink & white, soon turning to brown. Commonly
planted for forage; common in state, intro from Europe                                              6   13
                                                                                                    6    6
Yellow; dry fields and waste places                                                                 6   22
                                                                                                    6    2
                                                                                                    6   16
                                                                                                    6    2

Yellow                                                                                              5   16

                                                                                                    6   23

                                                                                                    9   21

Soft silky heads becoming grayish, ovord cylindrical resemling a rabbit's foot- Dry sandy soil-
principally in Eastern Counties, common on shale barrens. Intro from Europe; fuzzy pinkish-
gray heads and soft silky foliage unmistakeable. Leaflets narrow, waste fields/roadsides            6   22
Flowers in large head, rose pink - fragrant - folium leaf hairy - forage
Familiar round headed purple red color of field & wayside 6-16 inches
Biannual or perennial, stems somewhat hairy-leaves oftennotched at end and marked in upper
side with a pale spot-corolla magenta to whitish. Intro from Europe &cultivated-escaped in fields
throughout WV.                                                                                      9   17
                                                                                                    5   25
                                                                                                    6    4
Smaller than the smaller hop clover and flowers head tinier- only 5-15 florets                      5   30
Comon, intro from Europe, recumbent                                                                 6   13
                                                                                                    6   17
Note pale triangular mark on each leaflet; this mark our sample has tho' WV Flora illustration &
description does not indicate it. White pink tinge below white                                      6   16
                                                                                                    6    2

                                                                                                    6   16

Flowers yellowish green-6 petals, large leaf, spherical seeds, greek caulos -stem, phyllos-long-
alluding to stem which seems to form a stalk for the larger leaf                                    6   12
Becoming common-1st known in WV-1933; intro from Europe now in every county. The few
records from E Panhandle                                                                            6   26
Note reddish scales on stalk & bristly flower wh appread before leaves; waste places. *Coltsfoot
tea & coltsfoot "rock" candy & coltsfoot syrup still used for coughs & colds & the leaves with
other herbs are used to form herbal tobacco which is helpful in treating cases of asthma &
"does not entail any of the injurious effects of ordinary .                                         5   6
                                                                                                   9   26
                                                                                                   5    1
                                                                                                   9   19

                                                                                                   4 9&10
                                                                                                   5   1

                                                                                                   5   25
                                                                                                   9   30
Rocky, wooded places; "Flowers may be picked sparringly-let plants live-Wv Conserv Misc Pub.
100, 1973. WV Dept of Ag's Spring Wildflower leaflet (no date-obtained 6/73) states "lovely,
daring columbine securs foothold against precipitous rocky cliffs-common every county.
Aguiligia-Latin for eagle-alludes to spurred flowers. Columbine refers to a dove perhaps fancied
resemblance to bird's head.
Lovely yellow tipped tubular tiny flower - lacy leaves growing near butter & eggs plants near
Tower                                                                                              4   20

                                                                                                   6   4


                                                                                                   6   12


Lovely blue bells - some pink-tinged, some entirely pink- common in every county along
streams and rich woods. Pinkish in bud-rarely white-low rich woods-along streams                   4   19

                                                                                                   5   28

                                                                                                   5   31

                                                                                                   5   30
                                                                                                   6    9
                                                                                                   6
                                                                                                   6   12
                                                                                                   6   16

                                                                                                   6   26
Small purplish flowers; weed intro from Europe-mostly in E counties; peduncles short-2
flowered                                                                                           6   6
                                                                                                   6   2

Intro from Europe-becoming a bad weed, waste places; basal lobes of leaves brace stem              5   26

                                                                                                   5   29

                                                                                                   5   29
Bright yellow; occasional thru state, intro from Europe                                            4   30
Wet meadows, common over state; Recognized by upper leaves, deeply cleft & somewhat fan
shaped. Suggests Brassica mustard, but with shorter beak on seed pod. Rounded ears on
lower leaves. *Used for greens in Early Spring & Winter-glossy green rosettes                        5     6
                                                                                                     5    29
                                                                                                     5     1
                                                                                                     5    16
                                                                                                     6    17
Rich moist woods, pale yellow petals, curved beak achenls                                            6     4
Common, every county in WV, rich woods                                                               6    12
                                                                                                     6    12

Yellow flowers tinged                                                                                4    26
                                                                                                     5    25

Erect, wooly, fragrant; leaves white wooly underneath-gtalmate & green above, common                 10

                                                                                                     9    19

                                                                                                     6    23

                                                                                                     9    12

                                                                                                     9    21
Frequent in sand or gravelly soil. Note: an inflorescence-like portion at center is a gall, George
Avery thinks                                                                                         10
                                                                                                     11
                                                                                                      9   12
                                                                                                      9   21

Stem glabious or almost, leaves oblong, flowers showy-rays 20-30 white. Tubular flowers
yellow. Pernicious weed. All counties. Yellow dark depressed in center, leaves dark, narrow,
much lobed, 1-3 ft. Rickett-from Greek - "pearl". Daisy from "day's-eye-common English daisy
(Bellis) opens in the am. Chrysanthemum means golden flower. WV Dept of AG Midsummer
Wildflowers: Pernicious weed tho showy, intro from Europe. WV Dept of Ag Weeds of Fields &
Meadows in WV : Underground rhizomes when cut produce more plants. Hard to eradicate.                6    12
                                                                                                     9    21
                                                                                                     6     4
                                                                                                     6

Introduced in 1930s, both single & double varities                                                   4    9
Name comes from French "dent de lion", very common, intro from Europe. Jagged, lobed
leaves, hollow milky stem, outer bracts reflexed. Early greens before flowers used in salads
(strong flavor);                                                                                     9    21
2 blue - 1 white peone
Red, yellow or orange; opens 1-day only - unpsotted leaves, long, swordlike, alien-escaped
from gardens, 3 petals-wavy maragins, orange deeper-center; WV Dept of Ag - Mid summer
Wildflowers - best known summer wildflowers, intro from Europe, flower open for one day only.
No seeds 7 plants spread by fleshy filous roots.                                                     6

                                                                                                     7    19
Introduced 1952 in front of cabin - spread (from Dyson garden in Lebanon, PA. Perry Frances.
Flowers of the World, 1972: Chinese used these flowers dried for soups, meat dishes & with
noodles. They are packaged as "gum-gum" (golden needle). Gum f soy (golden vegetable).
When chewed they are somewhat gelatinous & supposed to cure toothache, p 170.                        10    5
                                                                                                      7    1
                                                                                                      7    5
                                                                                                      6   30

High quality (?) from juice of sour berries; yellow or green berries, Used by mt people to make
excellent pies                                                                                       6    1


                                                                                                     6    6


                                                                                                     5    4


                                                                                                     5    22


                                                                                                     5    28


                                                                                                     5    31


                                                                                                     6    12
                                                                                                     6    25

Small slender thin-leaved erect & curving - leaves pubescent beelow - flower mostly solitay &
opening flat - conspicuosly white corolla - 3-5 cm or< across, Dry woods, fruit short, oblong        5    3

Foxfire Book 1972, p 238: for dysentery, boil roots of 2 deberry vines in quart of water & strain.   4    26
                                                                                                     9    21
Esp. lovely single large white 5-petal blossom - 3 foliate - trailing along upper bank of Ent. Rd
below White Trail - ?? Axil delicate                                                                 6     4
                                                                                                     7    19

                                                                                                     7    19
                                                                                                     4
                                                                                                     4    30
Lovely purple tiny flowers bearing white tipped bracts - minty fragrance, symmetrical branches,
dry woods & open parts - very common - all sections of state                                         9    29
                                                                                                     9    19

Note: Peatty's Almanac says Dittany & frost never exude water from stems!                            9    21
                                                                                                     9    20
                                                                                                     5    25
                                                                                                     6    26
Dry rocky woods - common thru WV; In tall leaf colors-lilac, violet, magenta or pale rose make it
one of the loveliest of all woody plants.                                                            9   29


                                                                                                     9   19
Common - dry thickets & woody edges thru state-Morgan Cnty listed; shrub with ruddy stems
(red on one side) & parred, ovate leaves, milky stems; fragrant pink or rose bell-shaped flowers -
loose clusters. Roots once used as laxative or tonic.                                                7    1
                                                                                                     9   19
                                                                                                     9    7

                                                                                                     6    7
                                                                                                     6   23
                                                                                                     9   21
                                                                                                     6   12
                                                                                                     6   13

                                                                                                     4   13
                                                                                                     4   25
Flowers creamy white, drupe deep purple or black, Common Shrubs of WV; Foxfire book,
1972, for bedwetting, feed child a couple of elderberries before bed time.                           7   1

                                                                                                     9
Near old wall-rich, moist soil-common all parts-wet meadows; pie, jelly, wine - also eatene by
120 species of wild birds, esp robins, catbirds and squirrels                                        6   29

                                                                                                     6   17
WV Dept of Ag Mid-Summer Wildflowers (6/73) Everywhere in WV-a native plant prob moved
in from western places & prairies as forests cleared.Flowers open in evening & are pollinated by
night flying insects. 9 or 10 sp diff to distinguish.Flowers until late autumn                       9
WV Dept of Ag Weeds of Field & Meadow in WV: Roadside flowers id by 4-partedness &
elongated inferior ovary which results in a 4-cell capsule containing many seeds. The tall           7   1

(to 5') flower stalk with many capsules in distinctive biennial--producing rosette of leaves         9   19

1st summer which produces flowers stalk 2nd summer                                                   6   25

                                                                                                     9   21
                                                                                                     6   27

                                                                                                     9   21

                                                                                                     6   12
White globular (in cluster) around yellow center-wooly looking-stem cottony (grey-white), leaves
long linear-green agove, gray below (mts to NC)                                                      9   10

                                                                                                     9    2
                                                                                                     9   24
                                                                                                     9    8

                                                                                                     9   9
Stem glabious - Yellow                                                                         6    12
Yellow, every county                                                                           9    12

Light rose, purplish to pink                                                                   5    29

                                                                                               5    18

                                                                                               5    25

                                                                                               5    30
VERY TALL, leaves strongly toothed, white, commonly purple tinged; no evidence on
resistance to fleas!                                                                           6    13
                                                                                               6    12
                                                                                               7    14
                                                                                               6    12
                                                                                               9    21

Blue-yellow center                                                                             5    10



                                                                                               5    22
Introduced in 1954 on bank behind cabin-from forsythia at home at 4729 MacArthur Blvd. DC
after road bull-dozed to cabin site-Have spread along bank behind cabin to the West             4   4
                                                                                               10
                                                                                               10   2
                                                                                                5   1

                                                                                               5

                                                                                               6    2

                                                                                               4

                                                                                               6     1
                                                                                               4     9
                                                                                               4    18
                                                                                               4     9

                                                                                               4    18


                                                                                               5

                                                                                               6    23
Stem tall, glabuous, green. Leaves entire lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate except lower ones
somewhat pinnately lobed, glabuous or mearly so. Yellow. Rocky woods on mt slopes thru state
- doesn't list Morgan
Esp where oaks predominate in dry woods -funnel or bell-shaped yellow flowers-buds
numerous-opp leaves narrow. Sharp-pointed variable on smooth green stem 1-3 ft high.
Partially parasitiac on roots of oaks & other plants                                           9    16
Gives it as Aureolaria Laeryeth - 3' tall smooth leaves & stem-leaves generally unlobed &
without stalks
Upper leaf of stem glandular-a variety typica-glandless dense-found only in Pocohantas Co.;
*smooth gerardia g. laevitigata-sometimes called "false yellow foxglove" partially parasitic but
leaf disc is for smooth.                                                                              9   10
Flora-our plants mostly var. MACRANTAH (Pennell) Fernald (large flowers); *Peterson's calls it
yellow false foxglove "intermediate with smooth, often purplish stembut deeply lobed, smoothis
leaves prob between laevegate & pedicularia which it pictures-flava                                   9   21
Wasteplaces, Berkeley/Grant/H counties                                                                6

                                                                                                      9    7
                                                                                                      9   21
Leaves not hollow; onion like leaves-bulb solitary-flowers pink or white-capsule valves not
creste?
                                                                                                      4   27
                                                                                                      6   23

                                                                                                      9   29
                                                                                                      5   25

                                                                                                      6   4
                                                                                                      6   1



Note deeply 5 parted hairy leaves 7 long beak or "cransebill" in flower center; all parts of state;
flowers may be picked sparingly; let plants alone according to WV Conservation Pamphlet #100-
1973.                                                                                                 6   1



                                                                                                      5   20



                                                                                                      4   11



                                                                                                      5   12



                                                                                                      6   2




Planted 50 in 9 locations at Eidolon; pale yellow-green flowers in cluster-often lily-of-the-valley
odor; fruit-bright crimson berry, horse chestnut shaped leaves; cool, rich woods                      9   14
                                                                                                      4   27
                                                                                               5    8

                                                                                               5   29




                                                                                               6    1

                                                                                               9    6
                                                                                               9    7




                                                                                               9   1&3




                                                                                               9   12

                                                                                               5   25

                                                                                               5   30

                                                                                               6    5



                                                                                               6   10
                                                                                               5   23
                                                                                               6    3

                                                                                               6    4


                                                                                               5   27

                                                                                               6   30
                                                                                               5   29

                                                                                               5   30
                                                                                               6    2

                                                                                               6    4
Distinctive 4 stamens prayechling (?) over lip; opp leaves remsical cluster; 6 flower whorls
corwded in long simple racemes                                                                 7   14
Common weed intro from Europe; lovely tiny square-stemmed ground voer; roundish leaves-
sometime purplish, beautiful ?or ?-like rose purple flowers-can dry the leaves and make mint
tea                                                                                               4    19
                                                                                                  4    26
Pale yellow (dandelion like) flower deep within long bracts-long pointed grass-like (to MZ
carnation-like) leaves embracing smooth stem. Seeds in a lovely circular whirl-stem milky;
flowers close at mid-day                                                                          6    20
Pea family; yellowish white marked with purple; dray shaly or sandy soil throughout state, esp
common on shale barrens; yellow flower-pink wings.                                                9    19
                                                                                                  6    13

Osbra l. eye in Gauley River Canyon-a Botanists's Delight- WW WV p. 9 (1974) says goat's rue
is often called devil's shoestring (long stringy tough roots) which contain rotenone, an          6    10
insecticide.                                                                                      6    25
                                                                                                  6    16
                                                                                                  6    12
                                                                                                  6     1
                                                                                                  6     5
Common in WV, leaves cordate undivided                                                            6     1
A variety larger than the aurea - golden                                                          6    23
                                                                                                  9     1
Very hairy-bright orange-5 petals & sepals, anthers protrude from top of stamen; rodney Bartgis
pressed specimen.                                                                                 5    6


                                                                                                  6    8

                                                                                                  5    30

                                                                                                  6    10

                                                                                                  5    30

                                                                                                  5    39
                                                                                                  6     3

                                                                                                  5    28


                                                                                                  5    29


                                                                                                   6   4
                                                                                                   6   4
Morgan Cnty; A southern appalachian species, rich woods mostly in mts.                            10   1

                                                                                                  9    15

Small, beautiful-large rays-deep color-often12-60 leaves crowded on stem; hairy stem-median
& upper caulise leaves similar & becoming ellipticat &reduced in size upward-inflorescence
pubescent-tiny disk yellow flowers, green achemes, long, glabulous-dry rocky or sandy soil.
Note: minute, spreading hairs on stem & leaves, stem often purplish. Rays 9-16, plant 1-3'.       9    16
Finely toothed or scalloped lower leaves-basal ones very lonog-stalkes & blades broader;
common-one of earliest-most abundant species in state;                                         7     9
                                                                                               9    21
                                                                                               9    12

                                                                                               9    21

                                                                                               9    21

                                                                                                9   20
                                                                                               10    1
                                                                                               10    8
                                                                                                8    5
                                                                                                9   16
Very rough leaves-upper surface teeth often sharp-lower leaves smooth & veiny- predominant,
glabulous; square or ridged, lower leaves lay elliptical. Wet meadows or woods (rare) Sunset
Beach, Monangalie Co. Inflorescence pubescent 4-5 rows-rays 3-10 desc achenes 1.8-2.5 mm
long glabulous 10-ribbed with 5 add'l obscure rows.                                            9    9

                                                                                                8    5
                                                                                                9   12
Dry open woodlands. Abundant esp E counties inc. Morgan                                        10    1




                                                                                               6    8
No teeth on leaves, upper very small-very narrow, odor of anise when crushed. Woodlands, dry
sandy soil, uncommon (not listed for E Panhandle counties)                                     9     9
                                                                                               9    24
                                                                                               9    21
                                                                                               9    30

Stem green to purplish, sessile, serrate leaves                                                9    19

                                                                                               10   1

                                                                                               9    12

Plume like but flowers on direction. Leaves not wrinkled but hairy towards stem                10   2

                                                                                               9    21

                                                                                               9    29

                                                                                               9    12
Rocky woods - Hampshire county, mostly MD                                                      6    12
WV List of Special Concern (7/17/1987) white-darker spikes "uncommon in WV"                    6    12
Summer Grape (Duncon's)                                                                                9    21
High climbing vine, well-developed tendrils, leaves layer, abudant 12.7-23 cm long, thickish,
slightly to prominently 3-lobed or only shouldered, lower surface matted with hiar, often downy,
upper surface dull green. Flower & fruit clusters small, not ripe. Morgan Cnty listed. this native
plant source of Concord & other cultivated grapes.                                                     9
Tendrils forked, few & small-young shoots leafy to end-leaves thick, broad >long, margin
coarsley toothed-small fruit clusters-berries black, somewhat flattened                                5    25
                                                                                                       7    30
                                                                                                       5    20
High climbing, layer leaves 3-5 lobed, dull green above-tendrils on young shoots red &
conspicuous, berries 0.6-1 cm, acid dark purple to black with a blue gray bloom. Common in
woods & thicket-commonest WV                                                                           5    15
                                                                                                       5    17

                                                                                                       6    23
                                                                                                       9    21
                                                                                                       6    26
                                                                                                       9    12
Vigorous, high climbing-fruit clusters loose, often berries small black; fruit ripe Oct-Nov. Most
thichets along streams thru state                                                                     10     7
                                                                                                       5    17
                                                                                                       6     4
Green-stemmed, mostly thorny. Berries blue black. Pest thru WV. Berries covered with a bloom
(lovely-MZ). Fruit important for ruffed grouse-also eaten by black bears.                              9

                                                                                                     Fall

                                                                                                       6

                                                                                                     5&9

                                                                                                       9    21


                                                                                                       6    12

                                                                                                       6

                                                                                                       6    4
Peterson's calls it Clammy Ground Cherry as does Native Plant of PA-June bloomer. Note
rounded leaf base-few teeth-sticky hairy stems. Stem short, terate glandular hairs-leaves varied
(ovate, round, truncate, subcondol flat base, corolla 5 angled-greenish yellow w brown or
purplish center. Closely related to horse-nettle (Solanum corolinense) but lacks spines, has
lobeless leaves & smaller bell-shped flowers are yellow with dark puplish anthers at center. A
yellow pulpy berry enclosed in a bladder-like pointed green case that looks like a Japanese
lantern. Fruit edible but tasteless                                                                    9    15

                                                                                                       9 8&11

                                                                                                       9    21
                                                                                                   9   4

                                                                                                   9   39

                                                                                                   6   20
Dry soil-common-drupes oval-bluish black. Leaves opposite entrie dental or lobed white flowers-
rarely pink                                                                                        9   19
                                                                                                   9   12

                                                                                                   9   7

                                                                                                   4   30
                                                                                                   4   30
Common obnoxious weed- Intro from Europe. Same as devil's paint brush or H Auranticum-
only in yellow (red-orange). Pliny said hawks use hawkeye to improve vision. Hairy yellow
hawkweed stems, bracts & Leaves (both sides) hairy, basal rosette leaves                           5   24
                                                                                                   6   10
                                                                                                   6   12
                                                                                                   9   10
                                                                                                   9   21
                                                                                                   5   25
                                                                                                   6    2
                                                                                                   9    7
                                                                                                   9   21

Rootstock slender, flowers orange-red; at high elevation. Deep orange color                        6   12

                                                                                                   8   15
Stout red-tinge stem- coarse, rough, hairy elliptical leaves smaller as they ascend stem           9   21
                                                                                                   9   12

Common thru state. Trale says purple in Oct-lovely Nov catkins feed deer & grouse. LBZ
planted 2 near old grape arbor (W of it) about 1946- only one survived-nned another to pollinate
Nut ovoid, high, sweet 1-1.4 cm, striate, involucral bracts bristle-hairy, united to segmented,
prolonged unto tubular beak.                                                                       9   19
Common in woods, blue-lavender, deep-purple, or white, leaves kidney or lever shaped               9   19

                                                                                                   4   16
                                                                                                   6    1

                                                                                                   6   10
                                                                                                   5   25

                                                                                                   5   30

                                                                                                   6   4

                                                                                                   5   29
Flora says native only S Branch Valley, flowers red purple; Peterson's stems often reddish-
flowers pink 1/2 "                                                                                 5   21
In rich mt woods - Hamp & Jeff Cnty listed                                                             6   13
Pale lilac to white, common-rich damp woodlands, stem-brownish hairs                                   9   19

                                                                                                       9    7
                                                                                                       9   28

*Refers to its early use in treating "hones" or swellings; white flower; common every conty -
thickets & sahdy places                                                                                7    1
                                                                                                       6   23
Creeping or climbing vine-leaves ovate, oblong - evergreen or nearly so, corolla white or pink
becoming yellow, pubescent-very fragrant-black berries (look like wild cherries); opp leaves
glossy evergreen eaten by cattle & deer. Scattered blossoms appear after season May-early
Summer;
For discoverer James Morrow; downy spreading, high shrub white or creamy (to yellow) paired
flowers, berries bright red. Escaped cultivation. Intro from Japan                                     5   25
                                                                                                     6&9

                                                                                                       8

                                                                                                       6    2
                                                                                                       9   12
Very rough vine, twining & prostrate, waste places                                                     9   19
Wet soit, flowers dense ax. Hairy whorls                                                               9   21
European mentha longifolia-tassel flowers-horsemint; Similar to spearmint with sessile or near-
sessile leaves but coaarser, hiary-hiars long & white-woolly below-odor less pungent; stem
comes thru leaves & rosettes of flowers-widejawed, yellowish, purple spotted-showy white
bracts or lilca bracts at base more like bergamot & mt mint.                                           9

                                                                                                       9   25
Looks like a little pine seedling!; rushlike-non-flowering; spore ?? Cone or spike-like cluster;
common weed, waste places esp along railroads                                                          5   14
Bristly hairy much branches, stem wand-like leafy, 0.1-3 m high-leaves usually pubescent or
celiate-on stem mainly entire & linear, basal & lower spatulate, (??), petioled, deviaate or
eutere. Heads usually numerous & small-rays white, shorter than poppies & mostly shorterh
than their tubes. Common weed-every county; tiny greenish flowers (1/4") hae short white rays
compressed. Bristly stem 1-7 ft.                                                                       5   25

Pink or red fl-one-sided racemes, black fruit & seeds                                                  7   6

True huckleberry black bruit - 10 seeds, leaves opposite, common shrub of WV                           9   29

                                                                                                       9

                                                                                                       7   18

                                                                                                       4   26


Flowers larger, purple to white-ours creamy white, a few of tiny darker spots inside, lovely close
clusters (racemes)                                                                                     9   4
Intro from Europe-escaped from gardens & estates locally Berkeley, etc-6 stamens; flat leaves-
has leaves almost round in cross section; Delmont Harvey calls it "wood hyacinth". Note:
Planted some "grape hyacinth" in 1950s.                                                           5   17
                                                                                                  4


                                                                                                  9   29

                                                                                                  5   39
                                                                                                  5   30

Both call for stalked flowers on raceme-but ones below cabin are not stalked-but there are 6
petals curling back & 2 longer narrow same color bracts, 4 stamens & 1 pistel; white ones in
LBZ area, later most appeared stalked. Pink & all shaes of violet on bank every 4 appear now.     6   2

                                                                                                  6   4

                                                                                                  4   25

                                                                                                  5   10


                                                                                                  5   23

                                                                                                  5   30

                                                                                                  5   30
Greenish yellow recurved fl-2 whorls of leaves & umbrel of fl only 1 whorl when flowering; Root
has tase & odor resembling cucumber, berry dark purple                                            6   12


Tough bark used by Inidans for baskets (like hemp!) Note: long seed pods milky juice inside       9   12


                                                                                                  9   12

Soon after blooming turns black; Catoctin Mt. Park notes (1976) indicates monetropa uniflora -
Indian pipe was used by Indians for food & medicine - no chlorophyll grow or organic (??)

                                                                                                  6   25

                                                                                                  7   18

                                                                                                  7   29

                                                                                                  9   2

                                                                                                  6   12

                                                                                                  9   13

                                                                                                  7   4
Light blue - very common esp in grain fields, dry soil - open thickets & fields;                   9   19
                                                                                                   9   15
                                                                                                   9   21
                                                                                                   9   15
                                                                                                   9   12
Baptizien- Greek-to dye; yellow flowers; Prob in every county, dry woods & banks; Pea-like
yellow flowers, showy leaves (3 clover-like) stalkless or almost so & turn black when dried.
Note: MC TNC Fall '92 Newsletter says MD state endangered frosted elfin butterfly buds only
on wild indigo & wild lupine. Perry, Frances: Flowers of the World, 1972: Once used for blue
dye                                                                                                6   22
                                                                                                   7   12
                                                                                                   9   19

                                                                                                   6   4




                                                                                                   5

                                                                                                   6   1

                                                                                                   6   2

                                                                                                   5   30

                                                                                                   6   4
Shrub erect & bushy, scrambling over rocks or high-climbing by aerial roots, 3-leaved, gladuate-
leaflets sparingly dentate or sinuate-fruit similar to poison sumac. Every county-poisonous to
skin, causing severe dermatitis to most people. WV Dept of Ag Poisonous Plants: Skin rash
may come from touching broken parts of plant or contacting shoes, clothing, tools or animals
that have touched broken plants. Unbroken stems & leaves are not covered with the poisonous
substance & it is not given off in the air; burning ivy is dangerous because small droplets of
poison are carried on soot particles. Bad cases start from inhaling or contact with smoke from
burning vines.                                                                                     6
                                                                                                   6   12

                                                                                                   6   4
                                                                                                   6
Common in every county; also called Queen-of-the-Meadow                                            9   12

                                                                                                   9   5

Stem green, rarely purple                                                                          9   21

                                                                                                   9   12
"An essential oil obtained from flowers in used in heavy types of perfumery such as oriental &
floral bouquets."
Beautiful deep rose to purple, infrequent-garden beans same genus                                     9   8
2 forms - with or without rays above bract; dark, heavy fringed bracts give blackish look on
globular base of flower head (Flora)                                                                  9   21

                                                                                                      9   12

                                                                                                      9   30

                                                                                                      6   2
Intro from Europe - abundant in Eastern counties inc Morgan; relative of blue cornflower-much
branched stem is 1-4 ft tall, slender, wiry-leaves narrow & covered with small white hairs. In
Shenandoah Nat'l Park; Bracts pale, ribbed with a short, dark appendage fringed from 5-7 hairs
on leafy side.                                                                                        9   10

                                                                                                      9   16



                                                                                                      9   21
Every county - wet meadows & sways; Lovely white small flowers - doz or so fragrant, double
spiral about 6" high on small leaf observate at base.                                                 9   28
                                                                                                      9   25
2 leaves usually (yellow 4) acc to botanist on field trip; fragrant, called stemless because stem
arises from ground. Blooms late april. Should be protected acc to WV Cons List Pub #100-1973
on endangered list. US Dept of Ag lists as "uncommon". WV Dept of Ag's Spring Wildflowers-
no date- "this plant perhaps most widely prized wild orchid & it has been almost exterminted in
State thru thoughtless picking.                                                                       5   25
                                                                                                      5   30


4 leaves usually (pink has 2) acc to botanist on field trip; var pubescense larger & less twisted
petals than var parorflonum; like sour soil                                                         4&9   16

                                                                                                      5   14
                                                                                                      5   25


                                                                                                      5   13

                                                                                                      5   29
                                                                                                      5   31

                                                                                                      4   19
                                                                                                      5   10
                                                                                                      6    8


                                                                                                      6   5

                                                                                                      6
                                                                                                   6    4
Annual, striate, grooved, erect stem usually branched varied leaves, all or only lower one
angulate-toothed, spikes, seed shining black; common weed-intro from Europe; stems often
mealy, red-streaked, leaves diamond shaped broadly toothed, often mealy white belowe small
greenish flurs may turn reddish. Excellent spring greens.                                          10    4
                                                                                                    6   26
Interesting ranunculaceae - prob a delphinium "too coming up" - & this may be a year it does
not bloom                                                                                          5    25
WV state flower. Raches 20-30 ft, trunk short, usually twisted with convoluted branches-flat top
bar-thin flaky dark brown scales. Leave alt. simple evergreen clustered at end of branches.
Smooth entire, dark leathery green above, light green below. Flowers pale rose to white in
u\mnbril head 4-5" diam. reddish brown capsule 1/2 inch long-many seed persists thru winter.
Wood used for rustiac furniture, tool handles, small articles-common
                                                                                                   10   2
                                                                                                    7   5
                                                                                                    9 17&18

                                                                                                   6    21


                                                                                                   6    20
                                                                                                   6    30
Kalmia for Pehr Kalm who found the plant in PA-says leaves of Kalmia are poisonous. Pink to
white. Forest Trees of WV '68 Ed p 103: sometimes 25' trunk short, usually forked, stiff irreg
branches. Fruit many-seeded capsule covered with hairs-common                                      6    6

                                                                                                   6    2

                                                                                                   6    2

                                                                                                   6    12

                                                                                                   9    29

                                                                                                   9    30



                                                                                                   5    25

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                                                                                                   6    28


                                                                                                   5    30


                                                                                                   5
                                                                                                      5     30

                                                                                                      5     30

                                                                                                      6
Rickett does not list bicolor but calls Japanese-clover L. Striata - pinkish flowers - cult as (??)
in south?; shrub 1-3 m tall, leaves eliptic or ovate, panicles loose, elongate, showy flowers rosy-
purple 10-12 mm long. Intro from Japan.

                                                                                                      9     15

                                                                                                      10    2

                                                                                                      5

                                                                                                      4     9


                                                                                                           late

                                                                                                      7     4

                                                                                                      9     21

Golden yellow, in ours midrib not bristly but leaves otherwise fit desc-edge up-shiny edges, etc.     9     3


Whitish flowers                                                                                       9     19

Yellow                                                                                                9     26

Introduced by LBZ & MZ from a friend's garden-a true lovely lilac lavender shade! Very fragrant            early
                                                                                                      4     18


                                                                                                      5



                                                                                                      5     28
Greenish flowers, leaves in 4s w a whorl; dry woods, abundant, every county- resembles
asparagus fern (MZ)                                                                                   9     19

                                                                                                      6     23


                                                                                                      6     12


Hairy underneath with leaf veins conspicuously long-hirsute underneath seems to more or less
intergrade with typical form-throughout WV but less abundant                                          6     25
                                                                                               6    12

                                                                                               5    30
                                                                                               5    25
                                                                                               5    31
(Spotted like a tiger) bulbs in axis, handsome orange red, purple-spotted, nodding flowers
escaped from cultivation-reported to Mineral Cnty, etc-not common-intro from Asia; alternate
leaves with dark bulblets in axils-escaped from gardens-native of E Asia- open wood-meadows,
low spots!                                                                                     6    22
                                                                                               7    18


                                                                                               6    4


                                                                                               6    4


                                                                                               6    16
                                                                                               7     1

                                                                                               6    23

                                                                                               6    9
Elaine Bowie, Home Ec Ext Agent on herbal teas in Morgan Messenger 2/9/1985 warns Lobelia
tea is a strong stimulant and can cause hallucinations.                                        6    15


                                                                                               7    22
                                                                                               6    30
Named by Roger McVaugh, S Piedmont area fartherest N - South PA; dry banks (others at
Hanging Rocks & Sleepy Creek)                                                                  6    22

                                                                                               9    24

                                                                                               6    11

                                                                                               10

                                                                                               6



                                                                                               6    8

                                                                                               9    21
Yellow flowers                                                                                 5    25
* For King Lysimachus of Thrace, chased by a bull and pacified him by waving a loosestrife
plant before him; yellow flowers dotted around center with red in whorls of 4 (3-6)                   6 7&12
                                                                                                      6  12
Perry, Frances-Flowers of the World - Romans believed branches put under oxen yokes                   6  21
prevented oxen from quarreling (prob kept flies off since they are allergic to this herb)             6   7
Named after King Lysimachus, son of Agathocles, first finder of the herb acc to Pliny.                9  19
Its virtues are that it drives away serpents & dyes hair yellow, smoke of burned herb kills           6  12
gnats & flies.                                                                                        6   3
                                                                                                      6  23
                                                                                                      9  21

                                                                                                      9   30
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                                                                                                      6   16

                                                                                                      6    7
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                                                                                                      6   13
Perennial, red-stemmed herb, tall, erect in bud, then drop back in pairs against stem showing
green with red tip like long tiny bills against red stem. Rich woods & thickets, common thru
state.                                                                                                7   16
                                                                                                      6   23
                                                                                                      9   12
                                                                                                      6    1
                                                                                                      6   26
Yellow fruit ripens in July-unpleasant flavor; unbrella leaves; Leaves and roots poisonous if
eaten. Root stock are in reasonably constant demand for medical purposes. Leaves often
infested by rust. Earl Cove-Monangelia Story, ch 65 reports dysentery in 1841 treated by a
'decoction' made from root of May apple (podophyllium peltatum), walnut bark & slippery elm
tea to treat fomentations of the abdomen. Foxfire Book, 1972, p236. cut out joints of May apple
roots & dry middle of root. Place in cloth & beat into powder, add a few drops of castor oil & roll
into pills for constipation. Helvetia, WV Ckbk p59. Grate dried root, use 3 grains 2X a day for
jaundice, bowel troubles, sick headache.                                                              5

                                                                                                      4   13
Stem often purplish filaments white anthers pale brown                                                6   10
Petals lacking but stamens so numerous & in such attractive tassels that larger loosely
branched green-white clusters are quite showy, oval leaves, light green above, pale beneath,
have 3 blunt lobes. Tallest of several meadow rues in S Appalachians. Intricate plant, plumes of
flowers lack petals. Note starry bursts of white threadlike stamens. Leaves divided & subdivided
into many (??) leaflets fern, roundish to oblong, often with mucronate lobes; panicles
compound, a fott or more long; flowers polygamons, white or purplish, the pidittate sometimes
with a few stamens-filaments reaches upwards achews 2 1/2-5 mm long, subsensite or short-
stalked-common thu state.                                                                             6   1

                                                                                                      6   12

                                                                                                      6   29
                                                                                                    6   12
Holes in leaves characteristic of 3-seeded acc to Dr. C                                             9   21
                                                                                                    9   12
                                                                                                    9   12

Upper leaves paired, lower in whorls of 4; Note: common milkweed is syraca- seed pods warty.
Top leaves paired opp-thn in whorls of 4 leaves-lovely 5 pilated white flowers with on set above
& one turned downward below top. Used to be prevelant in old meadow S of Spring                     6   12

WV Dept of Ag's Midsummer Wildflowers shows A. syriaca-common milkweed-states
milkweeds have milky juice yielding a low-grade rubber. Hairy seeds have been used to fill life
preservers. 11 different species in State. Pollen masses of adjacent stamens connected to look
like old fashiones saddle bags & are transported hanging across insects' legs.                      5   30

                                                                                                    6   12

                                                                                                    5   25

                                                                                                    6   13

                                                                                                    6   2

                                                                                                    6   4
White or purple near base on pinkish lavender stripe in flower; lovely blossom, thru state but
infrequent                                                                                          6   10
                                                                                                    6   26
Open acid fields & meadows - every WV county                                                        9    7
Greek-much milk-dioscorides names because supposed to increase lactation; hidden flowers at
base, deep purple                                                                                   6   12
                                                                                                    6   23
                                                                                                    6   12
                                                                                                    6   25
                                                                                                    6   26
                                                                                                    6    1
                                                                                                    6   13
                                                                                                    6    2
Flowers white pink green or mixed                                                                   9   21
                                                                                                    5   25
                                                                                                    6   12

Stems pubescent leaves broadly lanceolate or ovate lanceolate, serrate green & not conescent
exc upper one-corolla (??); dry soil, so counties; Teale: Nwith the spring: In July w Conn.
Greenish-whwite flowers, tiny lower petals red tinged only slight perfume but bees, wasps, flies
from flower to flower and butterflied more active there than any other site for insect activity.    9   30
                                                                                                    7   22
Broad, toothed leaves, rounded at base, stalked & covered with white down beneath; Stems
stout, pubescent 4-5-9 dm hi, both surfaces of upper leaves hoary. Dry thickets thru state tho
Morgan not listed (Berkeley is). Wildflowers in Color, p 100 shows P spp - various species 1-3 ft
tall, square stem opp leaves and lipped flowers, trade marks of mints. This species char by
whitish coloration of upper leaves & bracts as tho powdered small purple dotted whitish flowers
in dense rounded heads.                                                                             9
                                                                                                      7   12

                                                                                                      7   22
                                                                                                      9    2

                                                                                                      9   29
                                                                                                      9   12
                                                                                                      9   12
Leaves pubescent underneath & sharply serrate, stout stems, pubescent, "frosted tips" dry
wood; "may be variety of incanum - hoary mt. mint but it's white!                                     9   19

                                                                                                      9   21

                                                                                                      9   24
Minthe of Theobroslus from a mythical nymph of that name changed by Prosperine into a mint
because of jealousy. Flowers all in clusters in axils of round leaves. Stems erect, ascending 1.5-
6 dm high, slender; leaves ovate, elliptical rounded at base-pubescent or villous; petiole short,
base of blade concealed by flowers-whorls of flowers usually all axillary, corolla pink, white or
violet; only native species & extremely variable. Strong mint odor. Downy or hairy, tiny white,
violet or lavender flowers in leaf axils are bell-shaped.                                             9   18
                                                                                                      9   21
                                                                                                      9   12
Perennial by rootstock-stem square-erect 1m or <, corolla blue violet-throat narrow exceeding
high base of lower lip pubescent within- opp leaves; upper lip 2-lobed spreading, lower 3-lobed
spreading 4 stamens. Lobed violet lips suggest a face, mouth partly closed by a 2ridged yellow
palate (note MZ white); flowers in pairs on long stalks in leaf axils. Leaves sensile, stem square-
ridged.                                                                                               6   17

Lovely reddish purple with white bars (resembling English ivy hedge)                                  9   30
Corolla slightly concave, densely wooly-flower clusters numerous-common-intro fm Europe-
used as tea for mother's child birth. Wedge shaped leaves at base- 3 long points & several
lesser teeth, flowers pink 1.1 cc, upper lip furry-in rosettes in axils 2-4 feet.                     6   12
                                                                                                      6    6
                                                                                                      9   19
                                                                                                      7   22
                                                                                                      6   23
                                                                                                      5   30

                                                                                                      6   12
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                                                                                                      6   10
                                                                                                      6   16


Leaves underneath soft hairy distinct from I. Montan T & C                                            9   14

"Aromatic" "ground cover" chrysanthemum like leaves                                                   9   18
                                                                                                      9   21
                                                                                                      6    4
Teale in N with the Spring says: called candlewick blanket leaf, Adam's flannel, tare's beard,
old men's flannel, glowa's (?) lungwort- dried leaves sell for 10c in N. CA. Foxfire Book, 1972 p
236-237: for cough, boil handful of mullen roots & leaves in pint of water to make a light tea,
add syrup or sugar. Take only 1 tsp at a time. Helvetia WV Alpine rose Garden Club ckbk, p 57-
Mullen poultice for drawing boils. Place hot over boil.                                              10



                                                                                                     7    6



                                                                                                     6    29



                                                                                                     4    20
Agnes Smith Crawford, mother of Delmont Crawford Harvey, took Delmont to Dr. Watson after
her leg swelled to the knee after she stepped on a bee in onion patch & was stung under a toe.
He told her to take mullein leaves and wilt or soak them in vinegar and salt and apply directly to
the area. It worked & both Delmont & other daughter Irina Twigg, remember mother using this
as a standard remedy for insect stings or bites.                                                     6    23



                                                                                                     9    21



                                                                                                     6    26
Note how seed pods hug stem. Lower leaves coarsely lobed, bristly. Upper lanceolate &
hairless. Yellow 4 petaled 4 clusters flowers. Herb becomes troublesome weed, cultivated in
Europe for its seed, source of table mustard. Helvetia, WV ckbk p 59: Mustard, lumbago, croup,
liver & stomach. A handful of green mustard in a bath will help induce sleep. Leaves are good
poultice-apply anywhere when warranted for pain.                                                     6

Used as condiment on salad-also reputed medicinal powers. Crush stem & leaves-garlic odor &
leaf bladed triangular shpaed & 3-lobed, white flowers-4 petals-tiny in clusters                     5    6
                                                                                                     6   15
                                                                                                     5 2 & 13
                                                                                                     5   15
                                                                                                     9   19
                                                                                                     5   30
                                                                                                     4   22

                                                                                                     6    23
                                                                                                     9    12
                                                                                                     6    25
                                                                                                     6     4
Tallest pale yellow                                                                                  4    22

                                                                                                     9    12
Introduced in 1950s; variety Polynthus                                                             4   25
                                                                                                   6   17
Moist soil, common                                                                                 9   30
Probably every county-common-painfully stinging; 5 sepals-5 stamens- color ?                       9
Flowers small & white - 5 petals, nearly black fruit-3 lobed capsule splitting into carpels when
dry                                                                                                6   12
                                                                                                   9   12

White-Leaves of single specimen MZ found were three coarsely toothed, shiny, etc. but Flora
reports this variety in cold moist woods at higher elev & doesn't mention Morgan cnty in list      7   1


                                                                                                   9   12
                                                                                                   9   19
                                                                                                   6    2
A rough leaved variety of ox-eye                                                                   7   12
                                                                                                   7   22
                                                                                                   9   15
                                                                                                   6   23
                                                                                                   6   10
Called Johnny Jump Up-blue lavender, common every county, dry pastures, open woods,
banks-often w patches and tho' sown. Color range-creamy white to pale bluish lavender. Laarge
blunt st. piles about stem. White-yellow center-lower peetals streaked with purple                 5   6

                                                                                                   4   20
                                                                                                   4   26




Shaded, rocky banks, leaves laceolate, dotted-flowers glomerate in most of axils-shorter than
involurate leafy bracts.                                                                           9   12




Like Mentha puleguin-the European pennyroyal from Latin puleguim-flea-an insect it repels.
Tiny purple flowers at centers of opposite ovate, petioled leaves-sparringly serral, corolla
pubescent; very armoatic, soft-hairy. Used in medicine as stimulant & remedy for indigestion.
Will keep off mosquitoes, etc, in woods. Pour hot water over plant to make a green tea. Foxfire
Book, 1972, p 238-9: cup of penyroyal leaves boiled in pint of water good for fever.               9   16
                                                                                                   9    1
                                                                                                   7    1


                                                                                                   7   18

                                                                                                   9
                                                                                                   9
                                                                                                   6   23
                                                                                                   9
                                                                                                   9   29

Perry Frances-Flowers of the World, p 217, Peonies mentioned by Theophrastus, pupil of Plato
& Aristotle in "Enquiry into Plants" 370 BC. Roots reputed to cure wounds.
                                                                                                   4   18
                                                                                                   6
                                                                                                   9    8
                                                                                                   5   30
Note assymetric petals give pinwheel effect-in center a star is outlined, glossy, evergreen
leaves, creeping ground cover. Acc to Rickett (NY Bot Garden)-often called myrtle but not a
true myrtle (myrtus). Roman naturalist Pliny named this or a similar plant Vincapervinca-"bonds
thru bonds"-a tnagle where Italian pervinca & Eng periwinkle. In Southern England-one name is
"old-woman's exp. Plants are said to induce love between husband & wife leaves being
eaten(but one recipe calls for powdered earthworms to be added!) They are also supposed to
have had many medicinal uses. WVDA Weeds of Field & Meados in WV of 6/73: Good for
grassless cover. Acc to Eng herbalest Culpepper. Perry Frances-Flowers of the World - stays
bleeding at mouth and nose if chewed. Lord Baton cured limb cramp by tying bands of green
periwinkle around it. Has also been used for nightmares, hysteria, scurvy, sore throat &
hemmorhages, inflamed tonsils, diahhrea.


                                                                                                   6


                                                                                                   6   10


Familiar cultivated phlox veiny leaves & lateral veins branch from central                         7   6

                                                                                                   9   25

                                                                                                   9

                                                                                                   9

                                                                                                   7   4

"Pick flowers sparringly, let plants live" category WV Conservation lists-misc pub 100-1973; not
a true pink. Flowers pink, violet or white; Note deeply notched petals & needle like leaves.
Uncommon to rare in Southern Mountians except where it has escaped cultivation.

                                                                                                   5   25


                                                                                                   6   2

                                                                                                   4   19

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                                                                                           9   29
                                                                                           9   12



Poor Man's Weather Glass-scarlet or white (dark center) close quickly at approach of bad
weather; Intro from Europe; flowers usually scarlet, but may be blue or white.             6   8



                                                                                           6   21



                                                                                           6   23



                                                                                           6   26



                                                                                           7   4



                                                                                           6    8
Yellow flower, common                                                                      5   25
                                                                                           6   25

                                                                                           6   26
Needle-like leaves, stiff stem, petals more oval than maiden, pink & not toothed. Flowers white,
spotted & long bristly bracts. WV Dept of Ag Mid-Summer Wildflowers, circ 6/73, Pink family
named not for color but for "pinked" (not check) petals. Intro from Europe. A close relative is the
Carnation. One of the most ancient of cultivated ornamentals.                                          6&9 13&10
                                                                                                        10    7
                                                                                                         9   25
                                                                                                         7    1
                                                                                                         6   29
                                                                                                         6   14
                                                                                                         6   23
                                                                                                         6   26
                                                                                                         7    4
                                                                                                         6   12


(Villous differing from Tenuifolia in having ovate leaves) has been found in Greenbrier Co.               9    29
* After Johan Leche, 1704-1764 Swedish botanist; greenich or purplish flowers-calyx covering
capsule completely-tenuifola capsule =or> calyx-racemulosa                                                 9   21
                                                                                                           9   12
                                                                                                      late 9

                                                                                                          9 19&20
                                                                                                          9   25
                                                                                                          6

Rickett (spotted) tho' says it has striped leaves-flower nearly 1" across, white, fragrant, several
hang face down. Also brown as spotted wintergreen but plants with wintergreen odor & taste
are Gaultheria procumbeus in heath family. Reg Pipsissewa acc to Cove (p 694) & Peterson
have 4-6 shiny dark green leaves in whorls-no stripes, acc to Rodney Bartgis                              6    8

                                                                                                          9

                                                                                                          6    10

* Harvey's call it Wild Azalea                                                                            9    19

                                                                                                          5    3

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                                                                                                       6   13

                                                                                                       5   30

                                                                                                       6    4
Weed                                                                                                   9   12

                                                                                                       6   12
Common, dry sandy soil; Flowering spike                                                                5   16
Slender 3-ribbed leaves, short bushy flower head; troublesome week-esp in lawns; intro from
europe                                                                                                 6   15

                                                                                                       6   23

                                                                                                       9   21

                                                                                                       6
Broad leaves-long tight flower head 6-18 in.                                                           6    2
                                                                                                       6   23
                                                                                                       9   21
                                                                                                       6
Leaves green above, whitish below; Fan-shaped leaf-lower kidney shape-uppper (??)-green
clusters with tiny white tips & lower leaves resembel sycamore's.                                      7   14

                                                                                                       9

                                                                                                       9   25

                                                                                                       6   23

                                                                                                       9   12
Annual to 3 ft. lv variole (ovate to linear, entive, toothed or fiddle shaped, upper leaves blotched
with red & whtie flowers in Fernand clusters.                                                          9




White-pink stripes; white flowers like morning glories with pink strips radiating from center. Dry
soil. Root may be several feet long & weigh 20# & is edible-dry areas-white 3" flower & have
have purple center. Enormous root (up to sev #s) fleshy & contains milky juice-Indian roasted
roots in times of famine.
Poke-from Indian word pak for blood-used berries for red dye. Note coarse reddish stems-
berries purple black with red stalks; Root & berries poisonous but young shoots or leaves in
spring without the roots used for greens or "poke salad" after boiling in 2 waters & emptying the
first. Roots deadly poison & berries make children ill-young shoots are cooked like asparagus
as a delicious vegetable. Birds love the berries-sun turns stems reddish purple. Perry Frances,
Flowers of the World, p 230: Pokeweed berries used to color foods & wine used as red ink.
Root sap once used as an emetic. Elaine Bowers, Home Ed Ext Agent in "Morgan Messenger"
warns in Bewar of Herbal Teas: entire plant, particularly the root is toxic. Raw plant can cause
diarrhea, digestive problems, decreased breathing, even death (Children eating berries have
died).                                                                                              6    1
                                                                                                    6   17
                                                                                                    9    3

                                                                                                    9   29

                                                                                                    6   26
Heads at first crowded, later scattered-(remind one of pearly everlasting but basal matted
leaves & only tiny wrap-around ones on stem-very long woolly hairs-whole plant grey velvety-
MZ) Basal leaves only 1 main vein-other v 3-5                                                       5    8
                                                                                                    4   30
                                                                                                    6   23
                                                                                                    6    3
Very common all parts of State-dry soil-open woods & fields; blue gray basal leaves silvery
below, woolly, otherwise almost naked stem                                                          6   12

                                                                                                    5   10

                                                                                                    5   25

                                                                                                    6   3

                                                                                                    5   24

                                                                                                    6   8

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Single, woolly whitish gray flower head-3 veined-matted light gray green wooly leaves               6   16

                                                                                                    6   1
Carrot family acc to Cove; parsley acc to Petersons; 1 dark flower in center of embrel; intro
from Europe; biennial or annual; central flower usually is purple, when blossoms fade, head
concave like nest. Note stiff 3-forked bracts below main flowers cluster. Our carrot orginated
from fleshy root of an Asisatic form distinguished from yarrow by forked bracts beneath the
flower of this specie.                                                                             7   14

                                                                                                   6   23

                                                                                                   9   21

                                                                                                   9   30

                                                                                                   6   12

Pernicious weed                                                                                    9   21
                                                                                                   6   12
                                                                                                   6
                                                                                                   6   26

                                                                                                   9   12

Judy added to 1994 TNC list; Prairie Ragwort - Saskatchewan South but Judy says not used
elsewhere                                                                                          1   3

Prennial, galbuous or nearly so throughout-basal leaves cordate-ovate-crenate, dentate often
purplish-stem leaves small lacinate. Rays 8-12 showy heads-achemes glabuous. Flat topped
clusters 8-12 rayed flowers-bloom much earlie than golden asters they resemble. Finely cut
leaves except basal ones heart-shaped & long-stemmed. 1-3 ft. Wet ground-meadows                   5   15

                                                                                                   6   4

                                                                                                   6   23

                                                                                                   6   3

                                                                                                   6   2

                                                                                                   6   2
Very woolly, yellow aster-like flowers but fewer rays; possibly a X with Soberatast for 5 aureus
but too woolly for them. Leaves in illus on p 1005-this plant has some pinnate, (??) & also
purplish                                                                                           4   30

                                                                                                   6   2




                                                                                                   6   8
                                                                                                   6    2

White flowers;                                                                                     10    2
                                                                                                    6   25
                                                                                                    5   29

                                                                                                   6    29

                                                                                                   6
                                                                                                   6    23
                                                                                                   5    29
Fragrant, reddish stems-lavender flower-dark red but stocky & hairy, bright green maple shaped
leaves                                                                                             5    31

                                                                                                   9

                                                                                                   6    12

                                                                                                   6    26

Yellow flowers, legume nearly black at maturity                                                    6    2
Greek-prenes-drooping anthe flowers; purplish greenish white or cream flowers, stem purplish
usually. *Old name for plants used to cure snake-bite (used as poultice)                           6    22

                                                                                                   6    26

                                                                                                   9    12



Identified by generally red or purplish veins standing out in green blade. They bear long hairs.   6    6


                                                                                                   5    31


                                                                                                   5    29


                                                                                                   6    6


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                                                                                                      5   30


                                                                                                      6   10

Spray- WV planted 3 rhododendron (pink & purple/lavender) on road above Big Bend and one
behind some wall at gate after 7 planted outside gate in April were stolen.                           5



                                                                                                      9   15



                                                                                                      5   31

                                                                                                      6   21

                                                                                                      5   30

                                                                                                      5   30
                                                                                                      6
                                                                                                      6   2

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Lobed base of pointed leaves clasp stem, gray-ish green plant; woods, rocky ledges. White bell-
like 4-petaled flowers; petals white 1/5" long-pods upp to 4" long, 1/2" wide                         5   15
Fall 1992 Newsletter of MD TNC reports smooth & Shale Barren Rockcress are the food                   6   12
Olympia Marble butterflies rely on since their caterpillars emerge on these plants only & depend
on these for food!                                                                                    5   25
Low, 1-3 ft, open dry rocky or sandy plcaes-5 petaled pink flower 1 1/4- 2" solitary mostly 5-9
leaflets are 1-3" long, finely toothed margins. Sharp prickles scattered along stems. Fruits bright
red. Thorns thins & straight. Our most common wild rose-every county-leaflets mostly 7 dark
green, thick, smooth, shiny above, flower pink solitary                                               9

                                                                                                      7   1
                                                                                                    6    25

                                                                                                    6    16

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                                                                                                    6    12

                                                                                                    6    26

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                                                                                                    6    12

                                                                                                    6    13

                                                                                                    6    2
Leaflets usually 7-9 serrate, pubescent. Flowers white or red, fruit small, globular-much planted
for wildlife border-may become a pst. Native of Japan & China
                                                                                                     5
                                                                                                    10   9
                                                                                                     7   1


                                                                                                    7

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                                                                                                    6




                                                                                                    6    12



                                                                                                    5    29
Basal rosette, square stem, 1-2 ft high whorls of blue-purple 1 in clusters-rarely white; Perennial
hairy, nearly simple & naked, root leaves lyre-shaped or repend dealate, some nearly entire.
Those of stem usually only 1 pair smaller-whorls of flowers loose & distant. upper lip of calyx 3-
toothed, lower 2-toothed- corolla blue-purple, pubescent-Dry sandy woods-common thru state
(Sabios-clustered showy flowers-stamens 2 ovary deeply 4 parted- niethets smooth.)                    5    7
Bright yellow black dotted at margin; transparent spots on leaves as well as black ones;
Hypericum-the red spots on its leaves are said to have appeared when Herod sentenced John
the Baptist to death. June 24 is Midsummers Day and also St. John the Baptist Day. On this
day in olden times, it was the custom to hung flowers around cottages on this day to protect
occupants from danger & St. John;s wort was the favorite for the purpose. from Francis Gay's
1990 Friendship Book, June 25.                                                                        7     6
                                                                                                      6    16
Pale yellow conspicuous dark dots & lines; thickets damp places thru state                            9    21
Leopold in Sand County Almanac says sandworts refuse to leave on a good farm!                         5     2
                                                                                                      6    26

Leaves lanceolate to oblong instead of ovate or ovate-oblong (Eeir var)                               7    12

                                                                                                      6    22

Low-growing where mowed. Leave ovate., violet-purple-sometimes white                                  10   2

                                                                                                      6    23

                                                                                                      9    21

                                                                                                      6    26

                                                                                                      6    4
Smaller ed is Patridge Pea; 10-20 pairs of leaf seg scarcely 1/2' long, petals 1/4: long only 5
stamens. Leaves fold together when brushed virgorously. Low to ground, fern-like leveas. Tiny
yellow flowers at stem-small pea pods                                                                 9    9


                                                                                                      9    21
Capsella=little box; White, common thru WV, intro from Europe, Leaves dandelion-like, pod
heart shaped. A rubella form similar, but pod more triangular. White flower-triangular fruit like
purse/leaf. When eaten in quantity-mustard family plants may be irritating.

                                                                                                      6    4

                                                                                                      5    3
                                                                                                      5    8

                                                                                                      5    31
Long drooping pods, deeply curved-4 petals-tiny white flowers in clusters                             6    20
                                                                                                      6    13

                                                                                                      5    25

White or cream color, only white species in S. pubescent leaves                                       9
                                                                                                    9   11
                                                                                                    9   21
blue violet lips, tube purple; Lovely single lipped flowers in branching one-sided racemes at top
scalolped leaves-opp                                                                                6   16
                                                                                                    6   17
                                                                                                    9   12

Highly variable;                                                                                    9   12

Annual or perennial, nearly smooth, stems rooting at base-leaves lanceolate, attenuate, taper-
pointed spikes erect, loosely flowered-sepals white or greenish, dotted with dark glands
(punctuate) 8 stamens-acheme oblong smooth & lustrous-wet places-common thru state-
sheath margins ciliate. WV Dept of Ag's Midsummer Wildflowers (6/73) lists smaartweed, 20
species in WV, sev common weeds into fromEurope (shows P persicaria - also called Lady's
Thumb). Plants have biting, acrid juices which stings on fresh skin cuts. WV dept of Ag's
Weeds of Field & Meadows in WV states 19 members of smartweeds (Polygonium hydropuper)
nodes have enclosing leaf sheath which distinguishes the genus. tiny flowers, but showy
clusters. Pungent juice makes eyes smart.                                                           9

Cimex=bugs, fuga=drive away; Disagreeable odor of flowers. Indians regarded it helpful for
snakebite. Cohosh is an Indian name for plants thought to have medicinal properties. WV Dept
of Ag: Midsummer Wildflowers (leaflet) tall white spires of black cohosh all parts of WV.
Flowers supposed to drive away insects. Snake-like roots thought to cure snake bites. Rickett p
119 - Enormous leaves div into 3 parts & these pinnately into toothed blades or again divide into
3 + those div pinnately. Narrow raceme. Up to 8" tall. Sepals fall as flowers opens. Only 1
pistel, many stamens. Pds make a rattling sound when dry-so plant sometimes called rattletop.
Unpleasent odor of flowers supposed to drive bugs away.                                             9

                                                                                                    6   22

                                                                                                    6   23

                                                                                                    5   25

                                                                                                    6   26
Horsechestnut (buckeye) type leaf - commnest sp of Sanicula L (Black Snakeroot)                     9   19
                                                                                                    6   23
                                                                                                    6   13
                                                                                                    6    4
Widely used by pioneers as bitter tonic-also thought to be of value in curing snakebites. Earl
Core p 65, Monongalia Story "lung fever" which in 1841 meant most chest ailments, was
treated by steaming whiskey vapors & all coughs treated with VA snakeroot.                          9   19

(former name since leaves like nettles Eurticae folium); bright white flowers-margins of rich
woods throughout state. Flower like white ageratum; poisonous species.                              9


                                                                                                    9   25


                                                                                                    9   19
                                                                                                   9    15


                                                                                                   9    21


                                                                                                   9    12


                                                                                                   9     3
Bluish flowers                                                                                     6    23
Probably escaped from cultivation tho Fernald (Gray's Manual), 8th ed, p 1336 implies it's
native of WV. Honeysuckle family, white-pink

                                                                                                   6    10

Root stocks are creeping * knotted & bear scars or "seals" where stems of previous years died
away. Berry blue-flowers greenish-yellow, 1-3 flowers & hang on curved stalks. Polygonatum
(greek) for "many joints" of stem. Flowers tubular, petals & sepals koined. Dark blue berry.
Flowers may be picked sparringly, let plants live (WV Conservation List '73)                        9
                                                                                                   10   2

Rickett gives usual scar (left on rhizome by dying flowering stem) exp for navel, says Gerard in
his herbal, following Discondes, "the roots are excellent good for to seale or close up…           5     1
wounds, broken bones & such like;" Solomon to the herbalist was magician who could                 4    19
perform such healing acts.                                                                         6     3

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White or greenish white flowers; compound racaeme of white flowers-berried yellow green then
RED;                                                                                               9

                                                                                                   5    24

                                                                                                   10   3

                                                                                                   9    19
                                                                                                         6   12

                                                                                                         9   10

WV Dept of Ag's "Spring Wildflowers" leaflet (6/73) : stems 1-3', leaves 4-6" long. Flowers
greeneish-white in a terminal panicle.Peranth-6 uniform dursious, 6 stamens, pistil 1                    8   5

                                                                                                         5   16

                                                                                                         9   21
Note small arrow-shaped leaves with spreading lobes. Leaves (??) to taste. Flower heads
minute. Stems 1-3 diam high, erect, leaves narrow-lanceolate or linear, hastate, very acid,
oereae selovy (??); flowers small in terminal panacle; calyx green 1 mm long, scarcely enlarge
in fruit. Naturalized from Europe-common weed except in livestock regions. Indicates poor or
sour soils.                                                                                              9   26
Helvetica WV Ckbk-Wrap leaves in cloth & roast in oven. Apply hot to                                     6   23
ulcers, tumors, inflammations, sore parts.                                                               9   21
WV Dept of Ag: Weeds of Field & Meadows (6/73) A dock which grows                                        6   12
in wet areas; meadows. This one has small "earlobes" & often is in dry places                            6   10

Pale yellow, abundant thru state                                                                         9   9

                                                                                                         9   5

                                                                                                         9   15
Note: fern-like much dissected leaves-'rayless' with barbed achenes that adhere to clothing. MZ
note: they appear to have daisy like & green petals.                                                     9   21
Weeds of Fields & Meadows of WV -10 species in WV-blue to white flowers only 2 stamens-
small heart-shaped fruit 1/8"; hairy, leaves oval, totthed, creeping. "little blue speedwell prettiest
of all roadside flowers. *reports named for St. Veronica from Latin vera-true & Greek Excon-
image . An early christian legend related how St. Veronica , seeing Christ on way to calvary,
wiped His face with handerchief, upon which was imprinted a miraculous true image of His
features.                                                                                                5

                                                                                                         6   3

                                                                                                         8   2

Our blossoms pale violet striped; common, waste places, intro from Europe                                5   15
                                                                                                         5   25

                                                                                                         6   3

White or pale blue with darkes stripes.                                                                  5   27
                                                                                                         6   23
                                                                                                         6   12
                                                                                                         5   25
                                                                                                         6    3
                                                                                                         6   25
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                                                                                                  6    4
Red berries in fall, along streams, pale yellow flowers; twigs & bark make a pleasant tea. H
Harvey said mother made it from bark "good". M. Fleming says not good when he brewed it
from leaves & bark, also dirt in it. Thurshes like berries - Common Native Shrubs of WV - Cove:
the Monongahalia Story I - p 73.
                                                                                                  10   2

                                                                                                  9


                                                                                                  9

                                                                                                  9    29

                                                                                                  6
* John Tradescant was King Charles I gardner. Blue-purple variety; leaves iris like; flowers 3
rounded violet petals bisected by golden stamens, hairy stalks. Stems & leaves smooth or
nearly so, sepals & stalks hairy, a white petal form, too.                                        6
                                                                                                  5    31

                                                                                                  5    25



** - because exude viscid juice that spins into threads-Flora p 210                               5    28
                                                                                                  6     6
                                                                                                  6     4
                                                                                                  6    12
                                                                                                  6    12
                                                                                                  6     2
Formerly known as Birchleaf Spiraea (s. betuleflora) because leaves unevenly tooth like birch
leaves. Rocky banks E sides of Alleghenies but Morgan Count not mentioned on list. Common
on Shenandoah Trail part- <1m high, simple stem or little-branched twigs bright red-brown
glabuous cylindrical, leaves unequally serrate, white flowers 4 mm, 5-petals stamens 10-50,
calyx 5 cleft-short. Flowers very hairy & appear off-white almost pinkish-tan. rocky banks
Eastern slopes.                                                                                   6    24

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                                                                                                  5    15
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Flowers may be picked sparringly, let plants live (Plant Conservation List for WV '73). WV Dept
of Ag "Spring Wildflowers" leaflet (6/73) says name of plant nonors Dr. John Clayton who lived
on James River near Richmond, early 18th century, sometimes termed pioneer of Am
botanists. Common-most open woods. stem more or less recling arising from a deep tuber, 5
petals, white with pink veins or rose color with deep veins. Perry Frances, Flowers of the World .
Roots are edible & leaves may be eaten as greens p 238.                                              5    20
                                                                                                     4    28
                                                                                                     4    20
Leaves usually with a brown-red spot in center (spotted has red spots on margins)                    9    19
                                                                                                     9    21
Leaves usually a red spot or red margins                                                             9    19

Common-dry open wood & fields, every county. Alt & scattered leaves but higher up whorled or
opposite, 5 white bracts look like petals but true flowers are minute, encircled by 5 bracts.        7     1
                                                                                                     9     5
                                                                                                     7    21
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                                                                                                     9    21
                                                                                                     6    12
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                                                                                                     6    23
Pale yellow, throughout state in woods, resembles pine cone-name Greek conos=cone, pholia-
scale, grows in clusters, tan                                                                        6    15

                                                                                                     10

                                                                                                     10   25

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                                                                                                     5    29

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                                                                                                     6    3

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                                                                                                     6

                                                                                                     6    26
                                                                                                   6   13

                                                                                                   6   4
Perennial, stems glabuous-or a little woolly at base-lower leaves obovate, gradually narrowed to
winged petiole-upper leaves pinnatifid, achemes glabuous-very common-most soils, banks &
woods, all part of WV. Peterson calls it ragwort roundleaf. Has a Tansy variety in N Eng. that
more nearly matches specimen. Rickett uses squaw-weed for Golden Ragwort. Native Plants of
PA lists as May bloomer & calls it spoonleaf groundsel.                                            5   11
Lovely blossom-larger than the blue-eyed grass one. Common thru state. Dry sandy soils.
Yellow within, greenish outside.                                                                   5   14

                                                                                                   6   12


Lower leaves cyme 2-4 forked-branches spreading or recurved-damp rocky places, petals 2X
long as sepals. Common every county. Usually 3 curved elongated branches on flower spray,
toothless, fleshy leaves, usually whorls of 3 stems along ground. Damp rocks & banks. Star-like
4 petaled flower, white stamens black tipped. Lovely.                                              5   20
Similar to cinqfoil but has leaflets in 3s & white blossoms, (other has 5 & yellow blossoms).
Hairy, 3 coaresly totthed leaves, small seed, embedded in pits in ovoid red fruit. Flowers not
higher than leaves (wood strawberry they are) seeds on surface.                                    9
                                                                                                   5   20

Foxfire Book, 1972, p 238. Drink tea made from strawberry leaves for dysentery.                    6   3

                                                                                                   5    3
                                                                                                   9   15
Shrub with smooth gray bark, leaves pinnate, glabuous or puberulent leaflets 7-13, rachis
terete; flowers green in loose axillary pnaicles; drupe glabose-oblong 4 mm in diam, gray,
glabous. Mountian bogs & swamps. Poisonous to skin.                                                6
Shrub or tree, 20' ft in diam of 10" max. Leaves alt, compound 16-24" 11-31 leaflets oblong 2-5
pointed serrate. Yellow green flowers in pinnacles. Fruits presists thru winter. Forest aide
Fleming says hiary on new stem growth.                                                             7   18
Compact pyramid-fruit thickly studded with hair-Eaten by many birds-twigs covered with a
dense velvety hair like deer horns in the velvet-Leaves rich in tannin-Common thru state

Reaches higher elevation than other sumacs. Foxfire Book, 1972, 0 248: For bedwetting, give
child a couple of red sumac berries before bedtime. Catoctin Mt Park Notes 1976? -used for
drink                                                                                              6   20

Leaves very rough above, hairy beneath, rays usually 12 (ours 8) not reported for Morgan Cnty,
Cove hasn't seen?). Peterson: no pic Like woodland s (H divaricatum) but hairys tem (bristly).     9   20

"After divaricatus, prob our commonest sunflower                                                   9   21

                                                                                                   9
Commonest & earliest flowering sunflowers in WV. Leave opp -rough both sides,stems smooth,
rays 8-12, stalkless or very short stalks                                                          7   14
                                                                                                   9   19
                                                                                                   9   16
In old Greek=sweet-scented plant; styles longer than petals (white); common thru WV, but
Morgan Cnty not listed with Berkeley, Hampshire. Tiny white delicate flowers fernlike leaves         6

                                                                                                     5    28
Perry Frances-Flowers of the World, 1972, p 302, Leaves once used in salads tho' has anise or
paragoric taste. Only the seeds have a pleasant taste. Roots once boiled as a vegetable or
candied. Crushed seeds were once used to polish wood. Odor attract bees & beemen used to
rub inside of hives with cicely to attract bees.                                                     5    31
Small flowers, leaf sgements, on 1" long-plant up to 10'. Erect, high branching, smooth. Leaves
rather distant, oblong, serrate, truncate, racemes numerous 5-10 cm long, flowers white,
legume ovoid 3-4 mm long. Rich soil of roadside & fields, common thru state. Naturalized from
Europe. Slender, tapering cluster of flowers, leaves fragrant, too.                                  9    17
                                                                                                     6    23
                                                                                                     6
Common, naturalized from Europe; narrow tripartite leaves-long tapering spikes yellow pealike
flowers (similar to white sweetclover). Swwet odor when crushed, 2-5 ft.                              6   12
                                                                                                     10    3
                                                                                                      6    6

                                                                                                     5    17

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Dry soil-common every county- very viscid-pubescent purple flowers-capsule debuscent before
seeds ripe & they project thru orifice-round & black but flat                                        10   4


                                                                                                     9    21
The "thimble" (also fruit) is a receptaacle in flower center open which pistels are seated. It
becomes taller when petals are achemes (sealike fruits). Sepals only appear as stamens - 3
parted leaves variously cleft-leaves whorled forming an involucre <3' high-hairy. Tall, not showy,
leaves heavily veined,fruit suggests a thimble (curved, almost ovate outline) (note-cneter of
flowers does) 2-3 ft                                                                                 6    19

                                                                                                     7    1

                                                                                                     6    23

                                                                                                     6    26

                                                                                                     7    4

WV Dept of Ag (6/73) Weeds of Field & Meadow in WV : Purple flowers in prickly cup-leaves
white-hairy below. European biennial. All bracts tipped with prickles-leaves white-(??) beneath-
common-intro from Europe. Prickly rays on stem - rigid, yellow-tipped spurs on flower bract-
flower heads large (??) on 2 or 3 -reddish. Leaves pale & purple whooley below.                      9
                                                                                                  10     2
                                                                                                   9    25
Purple, fragrant                                                                                   9
Stem downy, leaves roughly hairy above, white by close wool beneath; 1-3.8 meters high,
branching                                                                                          9    16

(With naked flowering scape)                                                                       8    5

                                                                                                   9    12

thickets & dry woods- doubtless in every county                                                    9    7

                                                                                                   9    21

                                                                                                   9    12

Rotund                                                                                             9    21
                                                                                                   9    21
Greenish-white or purplish flowers; lots of leaves pale beneath, dry fields & thickets in E
Panhandle                                                                                          9    19
                                                                                                   5    14


                                                                                                   6    22
                                                                                                   5    25
Dentarai from dens (tooth) referring to toothed rhizomes; Perennial fleshy pleasantly pungent
root stocks, palmately compound leaves & raceme or corymbose flowers. Flowers white or
pink. Rich moist woods. Stems/leaves usually in whorls of 3, deeply toothed or lobed. Plant
Conservation List of WV '73: pick flowers sparingly, let plants live.                              5    7

WV Dept of Ag (6/73) Spring Wildflowers : One of commonest spring flowers of the state.            4    12

Like crinkelroot, it has an edible, peppery rootstock. Rich woods, every county, stem 8-15"        4    26

bearing 3 leaves turning into 3 deeply cut toothed leaflets. Flowers in terminal cluster, 4        6    1

sepals, 4 petals white or pinkish, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.                                            6    4

Capensis means "of the cape"-because wrongly thought to have been brought to Europe from
Cape of Good Hope. Annual, glabuous, 6-15 dm high, branched, leaves glaucous underneath 4-
9 cm; peduncles axillary 2-4 flowers brown (spots more noticeable after picking), moist shaded
places. Trumpet shaped flower, lovely. Blossom hangs like pendant/ripe seedpod pops at touch     Fall
                                                                                                   9    26

Perry, Frances-Flowers of the World '1972: Called "touch-me-not" because seeds when ripe
are propelled out when capsule is handled. Several species yield a red or yellow dye p 39.         7    6

                                                                                                   9    21
                                                                                                   9    30
                                                                                                   6
                                                                                            9   18


Rickett says Liparis-Greek-"fat" for succulent leaves; Purplish brown petals & lip sepals
greenish white.                                                                             6   2

                                                                                            9   8



                                                                                            9   25



                                                                                            9   25

                                                                                            6   20


                                                                                            9   17

                                                                                            9   29

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                                                                                            9   7



                                                                                            6   23

                                                                                            9

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*Named for Thomas Jefferson in Phila in 1787 at a mtg of the Am. Philosophical Society. Mid-
April blooms like bloodroots but last only a day or two. Leaf resembles butterfly's 2 wings, loong-
lived perennial. A large native colony near the Preserve needs protection!! Easily grown from
seed, unique capsule has hinged cover which pops open when seeds are ripe, then the
trembling of the capsule slowly forces seeds thru the opening. WV Dept of Ag "Spring
Wildflowers -6/73" says: blooms in deciduous woods early spring every county. Lonog-stalked
leaves, 4 sepals fall off when flower (8 white petals- 8" when in flower-twice as tall later) open.


                                                                                                      6   14
Nearly round leaves clasp stem. Lower axils have flowers that do not open. Violet blue flowers-
5 lobes roundish clasping leaves-wandlike (spikes-mz) Hairy stem, angled-stemless violet blue
flowers                                                                                               6   15

                                                                                                      6   12

                                                                                                      6   20

                                                                                                      6   6

                                                                                                      6   29

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                                                                                                          6

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Nutlets corrigate on back - 4 sided stems-numerous spikes, waste lands, common every county               9   19

                                                                                                          9   21

                                                                                                          9   12

                                                                                                          9   12

Smooth, 2-5 pairs leaf segments, flowers scarcely 1/2" long; Intro from Europe- Peterson
shows vicia crocca - cow or tufted, also has tendrils? Does not show angustifolia                         9   10
                                                                                                          6   23
Introduced by road crews who seeded it along edge of roads; rose-lavenderish compared with
deep purple hairy vetch                                                                                   6   25
                                                                                                          9   21
                                                                                                          6
                                                                                                          6   25
                                                                                                          6   12

                                                                                                          6   2
Violet white, annual or perennial, stems pedancles & leaves villeous- flowers violet & white in
long, one-sided clusters. Cult as forage crop-often escaping, intro from Europe. Alien-hairier
than cow or tufted vetch-flowers usually bicolored (blue& white) 6-8 pras leaflets (Note: Flora
says 11-17?), clothed w softs hairs, leaves often 5-10 pairs. Flowers violet & white in dense
racemes larger than v. crocca                                                                             5   9

                                                                                                          5   13

                                                                                                          5   1

Rickett notes this species resembled V. villosa (hairy vetch) but has few hairs which lie flet.           5   14
                                                                                                          9   10
Early leaves may be heart-shaped, late ones long arrow-like with larger base, often purplish
beneath, blue violets may be picked freely. Flowers purple with white centers & darker veins in
lower petals. Long flower stalks & flowers as higher than leaves.                                         5    6
                                                                                                          5   13
                                                                                                          4   30

                                                                                                          6   2
Leaves divided 3, like bird's foot; 2 petals dark - 3 petals light; also called "velvets"; blue violets
may be picked freely acc to WV Cons list #100 - 1973; Lower petals light lilac, 2 upper ones
dark blue or violet- late april bloomer                                                                   5   2
                                                                                                     5    13


                                                                                                     5    3

                                                                                                     4    30

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                                                                                                     5    3

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                                                                                                     5    30

                                                                                                     6    2
Probably our tallest violet; white w yellow eye - spurred petal with fine dark lines, spur very
short, backs of upper part also flushed with purple, lateral petals bearded                          5     2
                                                                                                     4    20
                                                                                                     6    26

Usually glabuous flowers deep violet, rarely white-commonest blue violet in WV, heart shaped
leaves. Side petals only have "beards" - bottom & lateral petals all heavily veined                   5    6
                                                                                                     10    2
                                                                                                      4   16
                                                                                                      4   26
WV Dept of Ag "Spring Wildflowers - 6/73" -Commonest of our violets-extremely variable in size
& color of flowers & shape of leaves-children often call them Johnny Jump-ups. Scape usually
glabuous. Leaves heart shaped, petioles glabuous or sparsely pubescent, flowers single 5
sepals, petals 5-deep violet white or yellowish at base. 5 stames-1 pistil. One of 26 violet
species in WV.                                                                                            no
Violet to lavender flowers; very hairy stem & leaves, Note: specimens also slightly purplish
underneath like arros-leaf tho' paler & no arrow shaped leaves - very round                          5    1

Rickett says so similar to sororia & trilobia sp nearly same! Hairy leaves similar to three lobed
but more deeply cut, 2 sided petals bearded.                                                              no
                                                                                                     5     2
                                                                                                     5     3

                                                                                                     6     1
                                                                                                     6    26
Leaves high, oblong, alternate, pointed at both ends- leaf is like a long erect weed leaf - o like
heart shaped low violets                                                                             6    4
Smooth stem, 2-4 leaves at summit apt to be marked with silvery blotches stipules may be
toothed; dry woods, mostly in mts.

Distinctive overlapping uncurling young leaves & the heavy bearded side petals                        5     1
                                                                                                      6    13
                                                                                                      5    23
Similar to common blue but downy & all 3 lower petals bearded at base. Leaves often purplish
beneath & often in conifer woods, deep violet to pale lilac;                                          5    6

                                                                                                      5    30
Entire plants usually pubescent. Dry, sandy soil- usually open places. Common E half of state.
Peterson's: narrowly arrow-shaped leaves, more ovate, less Triangular than serregate. Leaves
also hairy & (??) center. Small low lanceolate leafe blades indented at base- i.e., somewhat
heart-shaped- dry woods                                                                               5    6

                                                                                                      5    12

                                                                                                      6    23

                                                                                                      6    11
Purple-veined yellow flowers; common oepn moist woods in WV; 1-5 basal leaves untoothed st.
pules. Stems smooth or nearly so. Leaves broad, smooth 4-12"                                          9    21

                                                                                                      6    4
Rickett says so similar to V palmata & V sororia that they are really all one species. Blue violets
may be picked freely-WV Dept of Ag Cons List #100 1974;                                               6     5
                                                                                                      6    12
                                                                                                      5    11
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                                                                                                      6    2

                                                                                                      6    7
Abundant limestone soils. Acc to ancient doctrine of signatures: the bite of a venolous snake
can be cured by use of this plant. Rickett says various other virtues inc curing melancholy were
ascribed to this weed. Perry Frances, Flowers of the World, 1972: Dried & powdered once
thought specific against bites of vipers & mad dogs, p 51.                                            9


                                                                                                      7    6

berries blue- leaves brilliant red in fall - common thru state                                        9

                                                                                                      10   2

                                                                                                      9
                                                                                                       6    12
                                                                                                       6     4
Thickets, wood edges, autumn plumes gray silky. A long vine climbing over bushes & fences;
leaves normally 3-foliate, leaflets ovate, thin, toothed or lobed. Sepals white; petal-like, anthers
oval, short. Low woodlands, fence rows & along streams. Common every county. Mass of
creamy-whte blossoms in Aug-lowlands up to 2500 ft. climbs over fences & shrubs in open -
leaves opposite, thin, prominent veins. Seeds aadorned by billows of persistent silver-grey
plumes.                                                                                                9    22

                                                                                                       10   2

                                                                                                       9    12



                                                                                                       9    21

                                                                                                       6    10
                                                                                                       9    24
Many variations, common, intro from Europe; pair or 2 of small leaves on lower stem distinguish
Carolina from Draba verna (whitlowgrass which has only basal rosette of hairy leaves) Blooms
March-June; tiny white deeply notched 4-petaled flowers                                                6    12
                                                                                                       4    20
But Flora prefers V. rafinesquii explains that Fernal that it was intro from Europe & used v kitai
but indigenous                                                                                         4    20

                                                                                                       5    28

*Chimaphila derived from Greek: Chima=water, phileen=to love. (mottled or spotted) (actually -
whitish center strip more descriptive. The stripe distinguishes it from Pipsissewa. Native Plants
calls it striped pipsessewa, too when mature, stalk straightens holding dry fruit stiffly erect!       10

                                                                                                       6    21

                                                                                                       10   5

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Fern-like hiary leaves-flowers in globes in a whirl at top - yellow &/or red                           4    16
From Greek, blepharis=eyelash, alluding to hairy fringe of bracts & calyx. Stem hiary
throughout, leaves long-peioled, ovate, pointed, sharply serrate, rounded or cordate at base, 5-
10 cm long-corolla pubescent, pale purple with darker purple spots. Flowers blue-purple-in
whorls sep by a row of frayed, colored bracts. Leaves almost sensile, narrow at base, whitish
down beneath, 1-3 ft. Dry woods. Hairy, long stalked leaves with blades round or even indented
at the base. Bracts taller than downy.                                                             9   18
                                                                                                   9   29
                                                                                                   9   12


Leaflets oftn purplish, stem hairier than yellow w. s                                              6   12


                                                                                                   9   27


                                                                                                   5   31


                                                                                                   6   2


                                                                                                   6   2

Delmont clled it Oxalis; 3 several flowered broad leaflets-often brownish-purple margin            9   24
                                                                                                   6    2
                                                                                                   5   30
Bright yellow flowers & dark graan 3 parted leaves which often droop - pernnial, pubescent.
Two forms-cymosa (small) stem nearly quite glabuous; Villicaulis wiegard (Hiary-stemmed) with
stems (??)                                                                                         6

                                                                                                   5   10

                                                                                                   6   2

                                                                                                   6   23

                                                                                                   6   2
Seed pods erect but on stalks bent down at an angle-as distince from Europaea sp. 2-3 ft
umbels                                                                                             5   16
                                                                                                   5   30
                                                                                                   5   30
                                                                                                   9   22
                                                                                                   9   21
                                                                                                   6    1
                                                                                                   6   13
Rose purple or white flowers, 3-12 ft umbels                                                       6   13
Greenish-yellowish tiny flowers "said to have been intro at Point Pleasant by an early French
physician (Intro from Eurosia) waste places but not a weed                                         6   3

                                                                                                   9
Leavaes green & glabuous beneath in whorls of 4-6 (sample-4) Twining Stein                               9

                                                                                                       Fall

                                                                                                         5    16

                                                                                                         6    12
                                                                                                         5    25
                                                                                                         6    12
                                                                                                         6     4
Common, moist woods, stems ure (??), aerial tubers, rhizomes have medicinal value, capsules
triangular                                                                                               9    19
                                                                                                         9    21

                                                                                                         9    11
                                                                                                         6    25
                                                                                                         6     4

Perennial acc to Weeds of Fields & Meadows in WV; very common in state a Rosea (pink form
occasionally found esp in mts! European origin, becoming obnoxious weed. Formerly used as a
tonic & cure for various ailments. Flower not as lace-like as wild carrot & a duller white & root is
horizontal-not turnip like. Can be distinguished from Queen Anne's lace by its lack of forked
bracts beneath flower spray-leaves come up in rosette in spring look like a fern. Perry Frances
Flowers of the World Broth made from yarrow leaves clasp stem-very perfolate. Rickett says
Am. Spec usually A. lanulosa but it can only be distinguished from A millefolium (Eur sp by
microscopic look at chromosomes) A millefoium does gow in Am. It has been clled nosebleed
because irritating to delicate membranes-tho' partic effect lacks confirmation. It has for some
medicinal uses in control of visceral hemmorrhages.                                                      6    13
                                                                                                         6    16
                                                                                                         6    23
                                                                                                         9    21
                                                                                                         6    12
                                                                                                         6     8
A lacy carrot 4 leaved plant Agnes Crawford told her daughter, Delmont, was so named
because young men used to put a piece of leaf or flower of it in his shirt pocket when calling on
his sweetheart because its fragran like perfume when pressed                                             6    3

                                                                                                         6    11

Rosette of spiky, rigid leaves- Eastern species has loose threads on leaf margins.

                                                                                                         5
Perry Frances - Flowers of the World. Buds eaten by Indians,fruits & roots may be used to
wash clothes as a saxonifier.                                                                           10

                                                                                                        10    2

                                                                                                         7    5
Yucca leaves used for string, mats, matting covers & baskets by "Indians of the Four Corners"
(Alice Marriott - NY, thomas & Crowell, 1972) Col.Utah/Ariz/NM-The roots cleaned & pounded
throughly then swished thru a bowl of water 2 or 3 times thereby used as a fine lather for
shampooing hair (p 141). Tied together yucca leaves made brooms, p 158.                         9   29

                                                                                                6   29


                                                                                                4   9

                                                                                                6   20
        Site

        Mass at Inn south side of big bend on Rt. 9/Aug-Sep

        Rocky woodlands




 1988
        East slopes of Alleghenies
        On White Trail between Entrance Road and caves



1975
1958 Outside gate on W bank

        Grows in waste places in Eastern counties of WV

1995 Planted by Margaret & Jim Begersdorfer at Louis's gravesite
1975 Along Entrance Road; also along spring
1982 In woods beyond town among spring beauties

1987    In woods along ribbon Harvey Trail blossomery
1984    Many blooming along quarry trail tower
1987    Entrance Road near PE line, west side
1988    Blossoming on Blue Trail
1982    West bank of Old Coach Road between Rocky Hollow & Piney Point
1982    Five Hour Trail
1978    Upper Entrance wood near Am Chestnut & drain

1988 On bank along O Rd just beyond trans lines-gate- Blooming near tomato field

1978 Entrance Road above butternut drain after sink
1987 On Westvaco Road opposite SINK area

1988    Entrance Road
1974    Tower Road
1974    Near Grimes golden are on Entrance Road, blooming
1982    Along Entrance Road near chestnut

1978 Above gate
1978 Entrance Road, midway up slope, near Am. Chestnut;


1982 5 hour trail on trail to tower
1988
1988
1990
1987 Along Entrance Road - very spreading, lovely near Big Bend
1974   Blooming
1886   Blossoming above Big Bend, (pinkish var) along Entrance Road above gate
1988   on Entrance Road
1992   Near cabin

1978 Near gate
1987 On spring path




1977 Entrance Road near electric line




1975 Near cabin - woods - leaves only

1976   Under PE electric line w quarry road
1988   Inbred behind white pines and along Entrance Road below Big Bend
1988   A geum's basal rosette on Entrance Road between gate & White Trail
 92    On Yellow Trail between spring and Big Bend on Entrance Road

 1975 Azalea trail - old lumber road N of spring in 1946, also Entrance Road (upper)

 1986 near old Am chestnut skeleton; to S of Blue Trail; lovely green in still stark forest


 1989 Woods - old fields - ID by George Avery; cabin near top of clearing
 1989 Great Cacapon/Morgan cnty
      Commonly W of Alleghenies - a prairie species introduced in Eastern
      Panhandle, blooming white, lovely, E side of Entrance Road just before main
 1982 ascent bay & middle near native chestnut; foot of path to grave site

 1984 Lots of these blooming under transmission lines W side along Orleans Road

 1986 Blooming both sides at transmission lines; lovely white trumpets
      Under black oak behind house - Cadbury's, color may range between violet &
 1973 pale violet, fine grey down, 1-2' high
 1984 One spike blooming at W & N foot of path to LBZ park
 1988 Ditto - after rain all night, only one bedraggled blossom left on 6/2/1988
 1991 Judy saw many plants on Orleans Road below gate - before lights
 1994 Judy - on O Rd below crown vetch area - near moss
 1995 Judy - blooming same area along road cut of Fall 1994
       Judy Dumke id prob on upper Coach Trail en route or near NE corner;
       Blossoming on back of O road many plants; when H Harvey and I checked out
  1990 proposed PE pole installation. None near this on our side of road.
       Gave this card to Tina Hall so add WV TNC with their plant. Judy Dumke
       rememberd finding below gate & should be protected. Tina with PE forester
       Chip Brown checked entire line & when she left reported finding all except shale
  1993 barren pussy toes. This was still blossoming acc. to Tina



 1988A 4-whorl leafed in front along O road between Laurel Ledge and gate.
1991 Near Entrance Gate and also into the "draw" - prob one nearest O road
1992 Near Potomac view bend on Blue Trail
1975 Blooming along Entrance Road; 7/1/1980 - same
1982 By Bill Grafton on Field - 5 hour trail
1986 Covering ground just above gate - E side of Entrance Road
     On line between transmission line corner & Divelbliss corner near Hovermale
1985 house - in area below & not far from Orleans Road

     Along line from corner under transmission lines to Divelbliss corner near
1985 Hovermale cabin in low area beloew O road near some Am chestnut tree
1988 on Entrance Road between white & yellow trails, nearest latter
     On E line before 2 gums - maple corner - also in glad before Hovermale &
     Divelbliss corner where MZ remembered it sev years ago as an unknown
1990 resembling asparagus fern




1974 7/14/1977 -ditto - E side Tower Road - blooming 7/18/1985
     Blooming along White Trail on approach to cave and Paw Paw area (from
1986 Entrance road)
1990 On road from cabin to White Trail (tower bend)




 1973
(early) Under power line; yellow bell flower under leaves that stem perforates
        Seen by Judy Dumke on E line between Divelbliss corner & 2 gums/maple
 1990 corner
        Judy & Christine Hall find on spring path above Blue Trail producing much fruit
 1992 this year
 1994 Judy found 5-20 plants on Blue Trail
        On E line in wood between cor under trans lines & Divelbliss corner. More of it
  90    beyond 2 gums and maple corner


1977 Roadside to tower area to spring - Sept 1972
1987 Lovely tiny pink trumpet on old orchard side of Big Bend
1992 On spring path near chrysanthemum near begin Blue Trail exit
1977 Seeds visible along Tower Road

     Judy found this in wet ditch at bottom of O Rd bank where new elect line poles
1994 were installed last fall - she things it was 'trucked in' & may dry up & disappear
     Climbing on sassafras & other trees along woods to spring; also in clearing
1975 below cabin
     10/2/1979 No berries observed but vines in sassafras & other trees (possibly
1979 has been overpicked?)
     Harveys noted it's coming back. Noted vines on trees along Spring Rd - also in
1981 clearing below cabin.
1982 Vines W of Entrance Road ncer cabin; also spring path
     Vine on Rhododendron flourishing; Note: Teale on his Conn farm reported deer
1990 on July 1 suddenly eating new bittersweet leaves.
1986 Blooming profusely along Entrance road, Coach Road and beyond Spring

1985 Growing tall, many fowered fragrant in woods S of road upward from Big Bend
1994 Same place, luxuriant


1975 In woods E of Entrance Rd along upper path to coach road, blooming

     3 plants blooming on our bank along Orleans Road below gate at a large rock
1991 outcrop just before Paw Paw patch
     Tina Hall found this when we checked Judy's plants below gate which needed
     protection from new PE line to Oxrds. PE foresters Chip Brown & sylva -
1993 engineers Baldwin & Clancy, H Harvey & I checked on trans etc.


       Most meadows & thickets

     Wood's edge on bank, SW of cabin and along East side of path to spring. Very
1973 thick bed of it


1976 Some in cleared area below cabin; broken stem also orange juice
1980 Has spread to both sides of cabin steps, blooming earlier
     Bloomed a week ago acc to Harveys. All around in woods near cabin & on both
1982 sides of cabin steps.
1983 Has spread to back steps of cabin & down into middle of clearing
1984 Has spread down bank below cabin
1985 Blooming in the snow! Cuplike flowers opening wide and lovely by 4/12
     Blooming halfway down spring path - around cabin - slope below wood to N;
1985 large lovely gold & white clumps
     Has continued to spread in edges of woods near cabin - near cabin steps & rear
1992 & front - blossoms in April
     Luxuriant all around cabin back & front steps in woods to N and on down along
1994 spring path - blooms long gone this year
1995 Ditto - '94 still spreading
1995 Along the Entrance road nearing cabin
     Also 9/1/1974; around cabin & top of banks of cabin; 6/21/1980, 6/12/1984 -
     blooming LBZ grove area; 5/28/1986 - blooming at path to grove area;
     6/22/1987 two tiny balls near top of blade; 6/4/1988-blooming along Ent Rd;
     6/12/1990- blooming near cabin; 5/25/1991-cabin area; 6/25/1992-edge of
     White Trail near Ent Road; 6/21/1994-one blossoming on E side Ent Road near
     seap area; 6/10/1994-blossoming on Yellow Trail between spring and Big Bend;
     6/16/1995-half a dozen plants with 6 petal flowers & some branched stems
1973 blooming at edge of Ent Rd and cabin where path to LBZ area begins - W side


1982   Along Ent Rd near Chestnut
1982   Along 5 Hour Trail
1987   Lovely patch of them - tall flat stems
1992   On White Trail at Ent Road edge T
1982   On 5 Hour Trail or Trail to Tower during WV - TNC annual count
1989   On Blue Trail - blooming
1992   At first American chestnut seedling on Blue Trail
1994   Judy found on O Road bank not far above our corner
1994   Judy found pale purple blossoms on ones near Am chestnut on Blue Trail
1995   Judy id on O Road below gate -shaly area

1990 On Entrance Road - E side up slope beg on the sink area
1990 Saw occasionally throughout day - on E tract line from trans lines to ??
1974 Near Gate

 1980 Along main Ent Road & Old Coach Road;
      Plant found on W side of Eidolon - all along W boundary but few fruits because
 1982 of drought
 1982
      Found along White Trail near cave area & near Ent Road. Stands higher than
 1986 huckleberries nearby
 1986 Many along Blue Trail
19921 Lots blossoming on White & Blue Trails
 1988 Along O Rd midway between trans lines & tomato field, also along Ent Road
 1988 On Orleans Rd on dry bank W of trans lines before gate
 1988 Blooming same place
 1989 Blooming under trans lines & N of them along O Road
 1990 On Ent Road about 30 paces above gate W side. Narrow lanced leaves
 1992 On Ent Road; Yellow Trail section




     Blooming along Entrance Road; 9/15/1982-Blooming along Entrance Road;
1978 9/18/1986-going to seed.
     Lovely blossoming clump of BB along E or N side of Orleans Rd just beyond
1986 trans lines at Eidolon
1987 Blooming along Orleans Road; 6/10/1988 - blooming along Orleans Road
1986 Blossoming along upper path from Coach Rd fork to Ent Road leading to cabin

1987 Planted one in ? Blade - hyacinth flower bead edge of LBZ park

1992   Blossoming on Yellow Trail going towards Ent Road from Coach Road
1986   Along Spring Trail - lower slope
1985   Along Entrance Road - prob wet area
1994   Blooming below black oak behind cabin



     Road to tower - blooming; also 9/25/1979; 9/23/1981 A lot of it on alianthus in
1974 area below cabin
1989 A Cownell id on White Trail - near Tower area S of guide wire area
     Climbing (often with Virgin's Bower or same plant on tall plants below cabin area
1992 along Yellow Trail
1982 On 5 Hour Trail or Trail to Tower during WV - TNC annual count
1988 Under trans line on O Rd
     Creeping over rocks & trees on Blue Trail at Rock Ridge at top to steep rocky
1980 NE slope
1982 On 5 Hour Trail or Trail to Tower during WV - TNC annual count
1989 Budding along Ent Rd W side near Yellow Trail
     On Old Coach Trail & on Spring path - reddish leaves low on ground & serrated -
1988 a few blooms




1975 Tower Road,
1987 Spread to lower Entrance Road below Big Bend
1988 On Orleans Rd bet trans lines and tomato field
     Used grass whip on very tall burr bearing plants along Ent Rd below Yellow Trail
     beg. Result: Had to have burrs removed from my hair & it took beauty expert
1991 Shirl Harvery 1/2 hour to them all out!!
1992 Continuing to attach young plants at site.
1995 Spreading along Yellow Trail & Entrance Road
1991




1974   At Entrance Road W side near gate - seeding
1987   Blooming - deep rose flowers, Big Bend area
1986   Blooming at gate W side
1988   Above gate before White Trail
1972-3 Blooming at Tower E & S; 9/15/1978, 10/2/1979, 7/19/1985, 9/25/1982 - ditto
       Especially thriving in sprayed areas at Tower where few flowers elsewhere due
 1986 to summer & Sept drought.
 1988 Very numerous blooming on upper Tower Road
 1990 Noted butter & eggs near Tower
 1992 Noted butter & eggs near Tower
 1994 New plants have spread to lower Tower Rd behind cabin, not yet blooming




       Orleans roadside - many blossoming; 6/12/1994 - Not in bloom on O Rd bank
1960's near our corner

     From leaf; Perry Frances, Flowers of the World, 1972 - Bruised leaves are toxic
     enough to blister skin if laid on long enough. Beggars used them to ulcerate feet
     to arouse pity, pp 252-3. WVDA's Mid Summer Flowers (7/73) at least 15 sp
     Meadow Buttercup most common-every county, esp abundant in the mts.
     English name refers to cup-shaped flowers. Latin name "little frog" immplies
     habitat of many sp.-are good for tadpoles, e.g. roadside ditches and wet
1975 meadows
1977 Tower Road - Blossoming fringed bell-like (upward bell)

1983 Blooming along Tower Road
     Blooming along Tower Road - also at woods' edge of LBZ area behind tway
1985 blades & wood hyacinths
     A single one blooming under power line on first ascent from Tower to S line
1989 eastward
1992 On Spring path below White Trail
     On White Trail between Tower Rd and Tower & also between large burned area
1990 & larger quarry - scattered plants

1994 Noted one plant on road to Tower


1988 Behind cabin at far end of forsythia on bank - not flowering

1982 On 5 Hour Trail or Trail to Tower during WV - TNC annual conf.



1974 On Tower Road




1977 Also 6/12/1994 - Middle of Tower Road
1975 Behind cabin between wall & road
      WV Dept of Ag's "Spring Wildflowers" leaflet shows Great Chickweed as
     Stellaria pubera, the largest and prettiest of 6 or more chickweeds in WV. A
     native of the Alleghenies, it is common in every county-moist rich woods. Stem
     is sleek, more or less reclining on ground. 5 petals deeply parted appear like 10.
     (ditto) states two genera Stellaria & Cerastium provide 11 or so very common
     chickweeds-mostly small, white-flowered with opposite leaves & notched
1985 (pinked) petals. So small most people miss them.

1985 Along Entrance Road near gate;

     Found by MZ on long boundary line W side of Eidolon-before rock quarry from
     Orleans Rd-resembled thyme-leaved ?ndwort in spreading ground cover - took
1982 sample
1992 Near cabin

1991 On Road to Tower entrance route to beginning of White Trail




1974 Roadsides at Eidolon - blooming


1979 Blooming - Entrance Road

     At Entrance Gate & along Orleans Rd in old tomato field along O Rd near new 4-
1986 wheeler path to Coach Road


     In bud beneath pine tree next to cabin; 9/29/1979 - clump still thriving; 6/1982
     Still there but crowded; 6/1992 coming up amid poison ivy & VA creeper-
1978 weeded out.
     Road to Tower; 5/30/1982 Road to Tower; 5/29/1983 Blossoming; 5/30/1988
     Blossoming near all trails. Often confused with potentella simplex or Common
1973 C. - a much coarser plant!


     Along upper Entrance Road - Taller than most cinquefoils; 6/3/1984 - Blooming
     along Spring Path; 5/3/1986 Blooming along Ent & Spring Path; 5/25/1992 - on
     White Trail between path to tower and tower guide lines; 6/25/1992 Noted at
     gate, cabin site & on Spring Trail; 5/30/1992 Blossoming along Ent Rd near
1976 Yellow Trail; 6/10/1994 Blossoming on Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend

1974   On Entrance Road midway -right
1976   Behind Cabin - blooming
1980   Along Entrance Road - very tall
1986   Blooming - Entrance Road
1988   Road to tower - plenty full
1992   At Tower
1982   On 5-Hour Trail or Trail to Tower during WV TNC annual conf
1986   Blossoming profusley all around Tower; 6/7/1986 ditto 1987
1988   Along Orleans Road - blooming
1990 On Spring path- blooming
1994 Tower Road
     At Tower & upper road to Tower. A lovely field of them blossoming on W slope
1995 down from Tower

     On Orleans Road bank approaching tomato field from trans lines. "Black seed
1988 variety"
1989 Some on O Rd
1990 Moist part of old "sink" on Entrance Road
     East side of Entrance Road above gate; *(old generic name meaning to catch to
1987 cling; Gala-Greek-some believed to curdle milk

1973   Blooming behind cabin; *Named for Alsike, Sweden
1990   Blooming below cabin
1980   Tower Road
1988   Blooming w grass around cabin
1993   Blossoming behind cabin in mowed area
1994   Yellow buds ready to blossom LBZ area

1986 Blooming at Tower with upright yellow wood sorrel

1988 Road to Tower - a little near Entrance Road at Yellow Trail

1988 Some on road approaching cabin



1976 Blooming near cabin and under power lines




1974   Near cabin-along roads;
1986   Blooming at gate
1987   Blooming outside gate; 6/23/1988; 5/30/1990
1983   Blossoming along ground - Tower Road
1976   Blooming near big bend in drain raod
1990   Blooming on Ent Rd approaching cabin E side

1987 Blossoming (W side) near top of Tower Rd
1988 Blossoming below cabin w grass
     Blossoming in mowed aread behind cabin with least hop clover! -fighting off
1993 plantain

     On our E line near small seep (approaching 2 gums & maple). Scattered plants.
1990 Also on White Trail near road from cabin to Tower; also near our NE corner
     On Blue Trail beyond Ama chestnut seedlings & beyond deer stand in area near
1992 fallen monarch chestnut oak.


     Upper Ent- yellow flower - conspicuous along road-heart shaped leaves at base
1975 of some--others just lower on scaly stem (a late Spring)
     Continues all along lower Ent Rd. Orginially id by Taxonomist Avery (Everglades
1981 Rail Park)
1982 Blooming along Ent Rd and at Tower
1982 On 5 Hour Trail
     Earlist blossoming flower along Ent Rd; tiny flower leaves wrapped around stem
1985 below ground!
1986 The yellow blossom now a white powder puff with wind blowing it apart

1990 Lots of coltsfoot along Ent Rd-has bloomed only a few powder-blowing tops left
1990 On old tomato field on O Rd


       Bank W of house-transplanted from Orleans Rd. also one clump on W bank-Ent
       Rd where curve taken out of old road not far above gate-consi (?) to 3 of large
1950's root stump upturned-low on bank

1985 Blossoming near Tower in butter 'n' eggs area-
     In bud on W side of mt. - ground cover between quarry area & tower on White
1988 Trail

     Judy Dumke ID from fruit & pod present as probably flavula but possibly aurea
1990 on central part of White Trail between tower & quarry & also area of old fire
     Transplanted one young plant from Potomac River bottom near Dam #6 where
     they were massed-to swampy area E of Ent Rd-between road near edge & old
     Coach -2 large plants farther E down the drain on its left side near a den tree on
1985 left & bulldozed bank on right.

1986 2 plants flowering
     The plant nearest road & one of the two farther down the drain both appear
1987 healthy-rays & leaves. No evidence of flower or seed, however.
     Large leaves both places-but appeared damaged by taller branches-cleared
1988 them.
1991 Many clumps at Tower in limestone chips seeding
1992 Same area-scattered beyond SE cor of tower fence in gravel
1994 Found blooming on "cultivated edge of woods above cabin"
1995 Blossoming at Tower-on 3 sides-has spread from original location

1992 Near Tower

1982 Tower Road-W side-many blooming
1992 Many small plants blooming W side of Tower on the gravel.

1975 Clearing E of fence - blooming

1979 Lots of June bloom-lower rd & tower rd

1983 Along Entrance Raod - blooming
1985 Blooming along upper Ent Rd in great clumps
       Yellow flowers-woods E or below cabin; also off Ent Rd under power line to
       tower-cleared area. WV Dept of Ag Weeds of Fields & Meadow in WV Bright
       yellow, 4-parted flowers & 1" fruits. Lower leaves segmented, smooth & often
       used as spring "greens". One plant may produce a million seeds so this
1975   perennial hard to eliminate.
1983   All along Tower Road - vivid yellow
1986   Blooming along Ent Rd E side above White Trail entrance
1986   Very tall ones blossoming on Tower Road
1990   Blooming along Entrance Road
1996   Near wet spring area on Yellow Trail leading away from spring
1990   White Trail near Entrance Road
1994   Along upper Entrance Road
       Tiny yellow blossoms & buds on many plants along outside W wall of cabin & in
1986   grass beyond
1991   Cabin area

1978 Found flat on ground at Tower

1982 On 5-Hour Trail or Trail to Tower during WV TNC annual conf.

1988 Not flowering but id outside gate on dry spot & also near trans lines on O Rd

1988 Blossoming below cabin under lines, etc

1988 Blooming under trans lines near O Rd

1978 Flat on ground near WU Tower.
1978
1992 At Spring area
1988 Near E of old tomato field on O Rd- 1st year basal rosette




1984 Blooming along O Road & most roads at Eidolon
1988 Blooming under trans lines near O Rd
1991 Blooming at Big Bend
1992 Beg to bloom O Rd & cabin area
     Blossoming around old Duckworth house site above spring & upper spring path
1985 & LBZ grave area- very numerous


1988 A dandelion still blooming on O Rd near laurel ledge
     Near cabin upper clearing area



1973 Near old grape arbor - blooms only a day

1985 Very orange one blooming below cabin below lemon lilies
1978   Many seed pods indicate vigorous blooming; 10/2/1979 ditto
1980   First blossoms appearing in row below cabin
1980   Blossoming profusley & hummingbirds flies N to S along the row
1994   Blossoming in row below cabin & to right of steps, original site


1973 Blooming in old clearing N of cabin - toward old persimmon area


1984 A lot of it on Blue Trail & W boundary trail among blueberries


1985 High deer bushes thru area N of spring road between springs & old orchard


1986 Original bush in old clearing blossoming

     Lovely white blossoming bush hanging over edge of Ent Rd, stamens of bell like
1994 flowers extruding. Flora of WV says our old deerberry bush genus & species.


1994 Found several more blooming in pitch pine area behind old tomato field

     Bush beg to fruit along Ent Rd; it is NOT considered rare in WV, will note this on
1994 typed Flora INV since once on TNC's list for WV
1992 Reported at cabin area

     In area S of cabin & near tower area, blossoming beyond Big Bend area in
1985 woods leading to spring

1986 Single buds on numerous plants along white quarry trail esp. near cave area
1988 Under trans lines near O Rd

1993 Lovely large white blossom - no prickles

     Empty berries & drying leaves on trailing vine along spring path where we used
1985 to (?) them
1986 Some budding along White Trail near cave
1986 Along Spring Path near spring.

1981 On Old Coach Rd profuse on banks - often with penny royal
1982 Coach Road
     Blossoming along Orleans Road beyonds trans lines. Several lovely clumps on
1988 upper coach road bank above + 10 Am chestnut
1990 On Blue Trail westernmost part
1992 In small grassy glade before a layer steep draw out west line
1992 On Tower Road or site
     On lower coach road - E side below laurel fork, only a few blue-black blueberry
1981 sized drapes still hanging on


1983 On 5 Hour Red Trail WVU (TNC)

     Large clumps along Entrance Rd along ascent to Big Bend in bud- a handsome
1980 plant - also below cabin
1982 On 5 Hour Trail
1986 Beg to blossom in spite of summer drought on E side Ent Rd above gate
     Lovely bells in blossom near 8-in drain Am chestnut on old Coach Rd where
1987 Perry Gloyd's clearing a rocky picnic area up the hill.
1988 Blooming along Orleans Rd
1988 Lots of it - not blooming - in old tomato field on O Rd
1994 Along Entrance Road
1995 Budding & almost blossoming along Ent Rd near gate - has spread there
     Introduced - NW side of spring road near cut leaf toothwort - behind fallen pine
1985 before Blue Trail
1988 Flourishing lacy leaves up, no blossoms yet

1980 Blossoming along Tower Road

1982 Plentiful berries unlike most berry plants

1983 Blossoming along spring Path this year (drought) heavenly scented this year

1987 Blossoming


1972 Along path to tower

1980 Along Tower & Ent Road - blooming

1982

1983 Lots of it blooming - center & side of Tower Road

1988 Judy id this as O. biennis L. seni lato
1992 On Main Entrance Road

1988 At Gate

1990 Under trans lines with brachen & hay-scented fern - E line

1974 Tower Road; 10/15/1978 - a little upper Tower Road
     Large amount blooming under guide wires of tower E of tower-cleared for
1979 snakes
1981 In spring area & Ent Rd area & clearing below cabin
1988 Blossoming copiously under trans lines above our Divelbliss line
     Blossoming very luxuriously (tall & small) at Tower along Ent Rd & some on
1989 every trail. Pat Kelleher took a lovely bunch with open places
1984 Under trans lines
1980 Between power line & Big RA Bend - W side-Entrance Road - lovely

1983 Many lovely pink ones blossoming along upper Ent Rd

1986 Blossoming - buds pink & flowers pinkish-cabin area & Ent Rd - many

1990 Blossoming all the way up Ent Rd; buds deep pink-rose

1993 Lovely blossoms - lower Ent Rd

1973 Behind cabin; 6/15/1973 along Ent Rd; 6/80 along Ent Rd
1984 Very tall, many blossoms along O Rd at Emmerts Coach Rd exit
1985 Bloooming - Tower Rd
1987 Blossoming along Ent Rd above gate
1988 Blossoming under trans lines near O Rd
     Planted on LBZ grave at left above stone, speciman from Betty Lou Harmisons's
1985 garden; 7/30/1985 AOK!
     Rabbits or deer ate at grave-no sign of forget-me-nots. Planted 3 more from
     Harmison's garden-some beginning to seed and 1 on grave, 1 on path to grave
     (upper slope)-1 at fencing around big rhododendron. Rain before & after the
1986 planting!

1974 Harvey reports it blooming
1978 Cleared locust, sassafras, alianthus & grape vines from forsythia bushes
1979 Have spread Westvaco - seem healthy
1982 First blossoms in bud
     Bank still full of it-but not many blooms this year-also a great clump of it is mixed
1982 with lepadeza & a ??? In center of the flyway area E of cabin
     Badly damaged-possibly killed by spraying done bet May 24 & 31 by contractor
1984 for Westvaco Union
     Did not bloom this year but the weather may have accounted for that since
1985 others reported few blossoms

1985 Appeared killed along bank by spray (garlon 4 & tordon 101) used by WV con
1985 Some of it is coming back
1985 A blossom or two showing on sprayed plant
1985 All forsythia now blooming* this is Forsythia hybrid intermedia B. Farraud
     Blooming beautifully & we discovered the autumn olives along bank
1986 approaching cabin planted as replacements by WU
     Planted by Westvaco Union on bank S of cabin where spray destroyed bank
     vegetation-below mt ash & sorers tile area-midway from cabin area to down
1986 curve to Big Bend
     Not blooming but budding in woods between corner of Yellow Trail along big
1988 chestnut & Ent Rd near sink-near road bank




1974 Entrance Road E side - midway
     Entrance Road - both sides - 4 ft bushy plant-fern-like leaves & bell flowers
1974 yellow-lovely


1988 Beyond Laurel Ledge approaching gate on O Rd
1988 Saw blooming near cabin
     Lovely one-South-blooming near beg of spring path-right on E side just beyond
1988 clearing
1988 Also blooming along O Rd between trans lines & tomato field
     Comes up in mowed area around cabin & clearing below-seeded one under
     power line-tall stem-seed pods
1986 Blossming on White Trail area before the cave area
1988 Blossomoing-but almost no flowers, but bulblets (20-30) around cabin
     Spreading on steep slope of blue Trail near mamoth cucumber tree-potential
1990 pest-also where 1st noted years ago-cabin area
1991 Along road to tower
     MZ is pulling up by roots-also using grass whip to eliminate it along many places
1991 along Ent Rd (near gate and & below cabin esp
1995 1st & 2nd year plants awful - Judy pest esp along Yellow Trail




     Near old lumber trail to Ent Rd to spring *The thick elongated root is said to
1973 have medicinal properties



1975 Blooming near old lumber trail to Ent Rd to spring & on bank near cabin


     Profusely blooming along O Rd on S bank below Sythen's. Haven't checked
1986 ones below spring



1986 Blooming behind huge white oak far side of spring & along stream bed below


     Lovely clump blooming in open space behind the stump of the Oct '91-felled
1992 dead white oak at spring
     1) Mel-Jen Glen - S side-NW of path- 4 planted; 2) on right; 3) on left; 4) ?; 5) at
     culvert off old chimney to left to two fallen logs SE to a center part of 4 laarger
     trees; 6) toward cave below; 7) MZ walnut tree- a side at S under spice bushes
     [4]; 8) spring trail just above top of foot path in wood to right near raod-opp E
     side of rock pile [4] and just below beg red of black oak; 9) opp blue Trail marks
     leading to NW upper ones-100 ft or so into woods to 2 W O - bet them plants to
1984 S is a Y shaped heavy grape
1986 Gave half to Harvey's & Gloyds
     Found 3 growing in 1st patch & 2 growing in 2nd patch close to it on the right in
1986 the LBZ woods location W of fallen pine beyond orig Tway blade site
     H. Harvey & I located 2 healthy, berry forming plants in patch N of pine log in
1987 wood beg on LBZ Park & another in the 2nd patch almost adjacent to it
     Found 3 flourishing & another with leaf damage in plot 25 from S of lady slipper
     area-also believe one behind & SW of TALL STUMP beyond lots of ?? not too
     healthy survived in cave area below. Put rocks at base of tree on W side of Ent
     Rd & also rock markers where to enter woods directly above the ginseng plot-in
1987 straight line to left of split oak with rock in center.
     One alive without seed on it SE of spring road near old V grapevine-marked by
1988 large stones
     No trace of the 2 or 3 in LBZ woods which had blossomed up this spring
     None visible in LBZ woods-Found 1 with blossom in upper tier holding 1 green &
     2 red seeds! LATER: 9/10-3 red seeds-planted them above to right & below
     original plant in rock marked area below double tree with rock in center E side
     Ent Rd opp old cabin; found another below in area N of OLD STUMP under with
1988 rocks on stump.
     On checking Potomac Edison line to Tower, with Forester "Chip" Brown-TNC &
     Mrs. Kenneth Carvell (ex WVU dean of foresty) & Ed Maguire (WV TNC) found
     a healthy single ginseng (no seeds or evidence of flowering) near top of line
     where it starts descent Eastward (under Judas trees). First remainder from old
     ginseng plants that used to grow on mt too far from any I planted to have
1989 derived from them
     3 lovely plants-one (tallest) with bud in center in rocks in area E of Ent Rd opp
1990 cairn on hillside
     2 plants in LBZ woods area beyond fallen log to W + 1" to N of this area near on
1990 path
     Found 3 healthy plants E of Ent Rd & in line with cairn (on W side) & double tree
1991 with rock. All have buds!!
     Mark Scott with HH saw these no longer white blossomed but seeds on & 1
     smaller one. Also in woods beyond LBZ park-1 large plant with flower turning to
     see & a atiny 3 pronged one above. Flat stone & in line with ?-of pine log. To N
1991 of it 2 more plants doing well-1 lg & 1 small
1992 Three healthy plants-same area no buds yet!
1993 H Harvey showed me 1 1/2 plants in wood behind LBZ park
     Found 3 plants E of Ent Rd doing well cleared grapevines away from area. Lots
1993 of stone & grapvine around
     Harrison Harvey helped me locate 3 gingseng plants in woods beyond LBZ
     grave W of old fallen pine & due N of a den tree-large rock but lots of brush
1994 from storms in area
     Found 3 ginseng plants doing well in area S of yellow lady slippers area below
1990 tree with rock in crack off below Ent Rd-W of cabin area (0 this yr)
1995 Harrison and I found only 1 ginseng in woods S of cabin & it has bud on it
     I found 3 lovely ones 3 tiered slope below Ent Rd-same plants reported last year
1995 but larger!
1995 Judy saw the 3 plants & noted all had "flowers coming"
     Judy & I found one flourishing ginseng in woods S of cabin beyond the first tway
1996 blade area & E of den tree & near flat work

1977 Along Ent Rd beg - pink & white
     Introduced Easter specimen from Old Lord Fairfax church which Delmont
1985 nurtured since 4/8 in a little pot, planted behind LBZ stone at grave site.
1986 Spreading there.


1980 Along Tower Rd-flowering (1st fall couldn't identify without flower!)

1982 On 5 Hour Trail
1992 On upper Coach Trail (Yellow Trail) near trailing arbutus & Piney Point


1990 On coach road/vet S of Piney Point & middle of road
1992 Not blooming at gate but along WV Rt. 9
1993 Beginning to bloom on old Coach Road at Piney Point
1994 Blooming near original location below gate on Old Bank
1995 Plants at Piney point ready to bloom
1995 In full bloom at Piney Point
1995 Blooming on Yellow Trail near Ent Rd
1988 On Yellow Trail near lobelia specata (var scafosa) just past blooming
1988 Not blooming on O Rd bet trans lines & old tomato field
     Blossoming profusely at S edge of Detour Rd 18 just above Rt. 9 to spring patch
1985 rhodo wire fence next to forget-me-nots

     Transplanted 2 plants-end of flowering-inside Rhodo fence & 2 in LBZ garden at
1987 edge of woods where tway blades, hyacinths, violets, Bournous Rostare!
     Two blossoming at LBZ garden & 1 near hepatica under dogwood S of big
1988 rhodo below cabin
     Two at LBZ garden no longer blossoming, but were in bloom 5/30; today noted 2
1990 near BIG rhodo both blooming & taller than the ones at LBZ area.
     Everything very late-no sign of these at Eidolon or along Detour Rt 18 where
1992 road crews have been working
     Lovely blossoming large clump next to hepatic, S of rhododendron fence under
1993 dogwood-none near LBZ grave
1993 Still lovely after heavy rains
     Blossoming near hepatica & spreading there & also blossoming beyond LBZ
1994 grave at edge of wood with tway blade coming up

     No blossoming ones visible (tho' had seen 3-4 blossoming ones on O Rd above
1995 Rt. 9). However, several plants appear near tway blades blooming on LBZ area.

     One lovely bloosom on low plant at LBZ area E of Ent Rd to path to chestnut in
1996 woods area tway blades nearby (Saw none on O Rd above Rt. 9)
1996 Still blooming on O rd. above Rt. O
1978 Tower Road
     Lovely ones on W side of Ent Rd stump & young chestnut area above White
1989 Trail



     Entrance Road - dark red or purplish stem-tiny flowers at joints & at side & at
1974 top
     Entrance Road - Tiny winged leaflets at base of each small toothless leaf
1974 feather. Flowers plume or elm shaped
1988 On O Rd bank about 120 from gate.
1989 On White Trail below quarry

1988 On E line under trans lines - not yet flowering

1988 Along O Rd in old tomato field area

1990   Neat gate & in old tomato field - no flowers-only fruit this season
1978   Tower Road
1986   Blooming near gate
1985   Blooming N of cabin
1986   Blooming near gate - lovely - 1-sided thick plume



1974 Ent Rd-rough upper surface of leaves, 4-angled stem-very large lower leaves
     In old tomato field a goldenrod (?) resembles this but upper surface of leaves as
1985 rough as lower leaves only 6-8 " but sharply toothed
1989 On White Trail below quarry
1978 At gate & other spots along main Entrance Road

1992 Lost original card but its on card typed in 1992-made this 2nd card
     Gave this card to Tina Hall to check out-on our field trip with PE foresters &
     engineers exploring with us. The poles & other install for new elect lline to O X
1993 Roads along our tract. She reported finding this-NOT threatened
     Entrance Road, plumelike flower, leaves toothless, smooth -sweet odor when
1974 crushed - tranparent dots
1987 Big Bend slope
1988 N side of Orleans Rd W of trans lines
1990 Near gate & along old tomato field near 4 wheeler path

1982 On 5 Hour Trail

1978 Tower Road

1989 On White Trail near quarry

1978 Lower Tower Road & road to spring.

1988 Along Orleans Rd near (W of) trans lines

1990 On Blue Trail rocky slope near cucumber & tulip poplar trees

1992 At Spring
1990 On White Trail near cave & witches broom area
1992 Along Yellow Trail between spring & Big Bend-several areas
1988 Near/above gate O Rd



1974 Throughout edges of woods

1975 On bank W wide of wood S of cabin
1985 On bank near cabin & at curve in Tower road behind cabin
1986 Grapes forming - on bank near cabin


1975 At Ent mailbox & along O Rd - through woods
1986 Along White Trail
     W side of gate area-mixes with white sweet clover & along White Trail above
1988 witches broom
1988 On Orleans Rd in rocks near old tomato field S side
1992 On Yellow Trail between Ent Rd & Old Coach road section
1992 In area near Fernglen

1975 Road to Spring & in pine wood-gathered many-brought down by ice storm
1986 Along road to spring
1996 Growing over some trees at Spring
     Everywhere esp road to Spring-near spring. Spreading over laurel and blueberry
1981 on Laurel Trail
     Cleared greenbrier from around spring, releasing lovely Pinxter; 1985 & 1986
1986 hae cleared lady slipper area & lower White Trail.

1987 Cleared mats & great vines of it from 10 chestnut area along Coach Trail.
     Cleared greenbrier & grape jungle from rare dogwood (??) at sink edge-still
1988 some reclaiming to do!

1988 On O Rd near old tomato field
     Reported on trans lines-lots of it everywhere!! Esp bad on Spring bank this year
     & the B's Rd. cleared that off 6/10. Earlier I cleared it from the Pinxter (tree!)
1990 behind Spring.
     Con'd clearing from chestnut areas, beg White Trail & Spring area-spring rains
1992 brought it up everywhere

1996 Still a lot of it-clearing helped




1974 Tower Road-used to be some in LBZ area - gone- animals ate it or not?

1974 En route to spring below cabin - W side of road

1988 On O Rd E of old tomato field
     Seven plants-several tall & spreading as a peony bush-heavy with still green
1990 sizeable "lanterns" - 36 paces from gate on W side of Ent Rd in drain area

1990 Specie verified by Judy Dumke

1991 The clump 36 paces above gate blooming-lovely yellow dangles.

1982 On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual conf.
1980 On White Trail below quarry

1982 Blooming near gate on Orleans Rd N side

1986 Blooming lovely - flowers larger (rays 7 1/2") than flora disc but hairy leaves
1986 Lovely layer flowered one blooming along Ent Rd

       Along Entrance Rd; also 6/12/1976. Trale says deer nip it off when blooming in
1975   June -
1983   Blossoming just beyond gate - E side of Ent Rd
1984   Blooming along Orleans Rd
1984   Blooming opposite gate
1988   Near gate
1990   Blooming along Ent Rd above gate
1995   Mixed with rattlesnake weed H venosium on Orleans Rd bank below gate
1982   Bloooming along Orleans Rd near gate
1988   Ditto-near old tomato field

1976 Blooming along Ent Rd

1985 Blooming under trans lines
1988 On Yellow Trail near Ent Rd-undernourished-needing water-drought
1992 Near gate




1982 On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual conf.
1982 On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual conf.
     Lovely violet colored one-left side of spring road near rhododendron & stump
1985 under dogwood just before rhododendron
1989 Plant still flourishing

1990 Plant appears healthy under dogwood near rhodo & golden leaves-no blossoms
1991 On West line into draw
     MZ found health plant-no (??) of blossom with 2 golden knees blossoming near
1991 big rhodo near cabin
     The healthy plant-near clump of blossoming golden knees - must clear
1993 surrounding virginia creeper & weeds
     One plant appears healthy in the area S of big rhododendron-but no sign of
1995 blossoms or seed.

1987 In bud along Ent Rd -also at Tower
     On "road to NE corner" -dropped off at Yellow Trail on Ent Rd to walk to Coach
1990 Road to Haly Steffer Trail & corner-This prob on latter East??
1982 On 5 Hr Trail to Tower during WV NVC annual conf.
     On SW side of Ent Rd along Big Bend opp fallen grimes golden apple tree-
1988 below planted dogwood
1988 On Ent Rd above old "sink area"
     Blooming-tiny white flowers (under maginification)in umbrels-ribbed green fruit-3
     segments leaves-Ent Rd between walnut trees & native chestnut near 2nd bend
1980 going on below Big Bend
1988 Blooming on Yellow Trail below Ent Rd & near exit of White Trail on Ent Rd



       Near old Everwert House & near cabin

1975 W side of Tower beyond blackberries 1/4 way up, blossoming;
1984 Appears to be killed by WV spray late May
     Appears to have recovered thru sproutings from old trunk or branches. Bearing
1986 red berries. Planted some of these in nearby areas.
     Lots of new growth. Pruned dead branches, yellow center of blossoms on a few
1992 higher branches, but fallen
1992 In Cabin area
1982 On 5 Hr Trail to Tower during WV NVC annual conf.
1988 On O Rd approaching Laurel Ridge


     Along road to spring; along all roads. Foxfire book, 1972, p 234: tea from
1981 horsemint leaves good for colds.
     Lean Kidwell says her mother, Ardalia Youngblood, used to make her drink
1981 horsemint tea when she was sick.

1986 On E side Ent Rd where Old Coach Rd crosses it, not far below "sink area"




1991 Near Entrance Gate - blossoming

1980 Along Ent Rd

1981 Also along Laurel fork from Old Coach Rd

1982 Lots w boundary line area (recent fires) but few berries

1985 Delmont & I ate many in the White Trail area down to Orleans Rd near gate

1986 Many bushes, some flowering bell-like, along White Trail

     Several plants with wiry stem closely enturned on plants on E sdie of Ent Rd just
     beyond old sink area. Later found 2 plants at right angle bend in Spring Rd E
1990 side where pychnanthemum climbs (rare basil Mt. mint is located)
       Two types blooming; one-a small deep violet blue-some buds white tinged (on
       LBZ grave & ???) The other pinkish lavender-much larger both flowers & leaf
1975   much wider
1977   Delmont writes wood hyacinths starting to bloom
       Many wood hyacinth plants in Old Coach Rd beyond laurel fork-also some in
       woods N of cabin clearing. Blooming on bank below & E of cabin near pine at N
1981   side of clearing-late April
       Add some blossoms to Louis' grave-last ones blooming spreading in grave area
1983   edge to woods & below cabin
1994   A few blossoms still left on plants at edge of wood LBZ area


     Blooming on LBZ grave area inc one white one & on the bank below cabin-many
1984 pale lavender & deep lavender & pink ones!!!!
     Many lovely ones on bank below cabin deep violet & pale lavender & pink
1984 shades. These have flowers on stem-otherwise like the others

1985 Two just opening in LBZ area, leaves were just pushing up about 4/10/1985
     Many purple ones & one white one blooming near tway blade area at far SW
1986 end of LBZ park.
     Blossoming around LBZ grave-on slope to the area & at edge of woods SW of
     area-some very deep blue/others shades of violet. Most of the flowers are beg
1992 to fade but a few just opened!

1993 Blossoming about over on many plants in LBZ grave area-spreading

1994 Ditto

1990 On E line at spring outlet area near 2 gums corner


1989 Lots of it this year-newly sprung up along Ent, esp opposite White Trail


1992 On Yellow Trail N of Big Bend


1960s Woods E of Entrance Rd near old spring area among logs

1980 Cluster of Ind pipes under leaves under white & black oak area at spring
     Several clumps along White Quarry Trail between Old Coach Rd and Paw-Paw
1985 cave area.
     Several near Tway blades & Chinese chestnut top of path to LBZ park-near the
1985 elm NE of it-black edged petals!!

1989 A number of Indian pipes - lovely 1 white on path to spring & at spring area

1990 On East line
     Lovely snow-white ones 1/2 doz emerging on W side of Ent Rd just below
1992 entrance to White Trail

1993 Lovely cluster in wet oak leaves on Blue Trail near my "Resting Rock"
1982 On 5 Hr Trail to Tower during WV NVC annual conf.
1986
1988
1991 Under chestnut N of spring
1992 Same area as 1991



     Blooming on Old Coach Rd near briar thicket about 50 paces before old log
1976 rolling or loading device on W side of road
1980 Blooming along Ent Rd
1982 On 5 Hr Trail to Tower during WV NVC annual conf.
     On loop walk cabin to spring to Big Bend prob near Big Bend area to cabin -
1996 blooming




1978 Still spreading in front of cabin & on bank - a few back of cabin
     Blooming - both the old fashioned blue & one of Miriam Walker Dyson's yellow
1982 bronze blue ones under pine tree SE of cabin

1983 Cin'ti ones blooming
     Blooming behind cabin and in road at top of slope below cabin & besides steps
1992 of cabin

1992 Same as above

1996 Purple iris blooming at cabin area




       Thick in old orchard area; has spread among VA creeper to cabin area - spring
1973 - road, becoming a pest near cabin. Weeded it out from iris & phlox areas, violets
 1983 are replacing it in old orchard area.
 1990 On White Trail S of quarry area
       Weeded it out in pine area at cabin. Noted it along Ent Rd W of cabin spreading
 1991 with VA creeper-also weeded out at pine area.
 1992 Weeded out cabin area but spreading on Spring Path - PEST
 1992 Near cabin
       Blooming W side of Ent Rd near gate. Very purplish stem & not glacious & many
19182 florets, 4-whorled leaves - get Judy to check

1988 Along O Rd near old tomato field

1992 Blooming near cabin
     Introduced grave site-a few blossoming each year; B's reported blossoms
1976 "everywhere".
1981 Blooming Spring area
1990 Has spread in cabin area
 1988 Blossoming under trans lines near old Divelbliss line

 1988 Under trans lines near O Rd

 1989 Very abundant this year under trans lines

 1990 In old tomato field

 1995 Spreading rapidly on bank on O Rd below gate -prob thru county


1972 & Near house & Ent Rd; along road to cabin-lovely non thorned thistely purplish
 1974 flower-bract pointed with black (may also be white) also 10/2/1979

 1986 Blossoming along O Rd near gate & along lower Tower Rd behind cabin



 1988 On O Rd bank between Laurel Ledge & gate

 1978 One spike to N of black oak behind cabin
 1979 After wet cold winter, still there-spike on it-with roots (??)

        Old lumber road that leaves Old Coach Road (at top of grade descending)
        named Lady Slipper Lane after finding more than 1 1/2 doz blooming along in
        the road - Beginning at our corner near precipice (Emmert's deer shooting spot)
 1975   and going W
 1982   Very dry - saw no blossoms but leaves pushing thru on road.
        In woods along Ent Rd N of old Spring by Harvey's; opposite stone pile in woods
        -at 2nd drain from R angle turn going gate-enter there at walnut tree-about 10 or
        12 paces into woods walking about 30 degree angle toward R- clump of 6 or 8-
 1974   seed pods on loose circle of stones put around for markers
        Photographed a clump of 3 & one of 2. Many more clumps not blooming in area
 1975   where the Harvey's found them spreading!
 1975   New clump N of old blooming one. Old clump above gone.
        In bloom-usual location but 3-4 in one clump-a dozen in all near fallen log-lone
        one nearer road-SW of others - all exceptionally tall this year-at base of double
 1982   oak N of butternut tree
        Late Spring-about 20 blossoms-6 of which already brown-spreading clumps-
 1983   lovely, healthy looking
 1984   Harveys saw them blooming
        One pushing two leaves about 3" above soil. (Had checked a week earlier-
 1985   nothing showing.)
 1986   Ten ormore in full bloom near the fallen log N of the culvert area
 1987   eight or ten have bloomed in usual area - possibly more
        Found 9 lady slipper plants - some new ones scattered in same area N of
        ginseng area & S of Yellow Trail & nearby drain. Two still had stem of blossom
 1991   erect.
        Not as many seen - but late wet spring & Harveys reported blossoming usual
 1992   place
     Found 5 plants-no blossoms or remains of them but plants appear healthy-2 in a
1992 clump-the other 3 scattered widely N of the ginseng area E side of Ent Rd.



1972 Road to Tower
1992 Road to Tower

1991 On West line between ?draw & small glossy glade



     LBZ planted a nursery plant below cabin (N) in 1952. Saved in 1973 with
1952 chicken wire. Not native-as described in comments.
1979 Flourishing behind chicken wire
1980 Lovely pink blossoms
1981 Many buds, now protected by chicken wire; cleared vines within fence
     Huge plant now, flourishing pink & white blossoms. Last fall & again earlier this
1987 month. About this time, dead deer found near R spring.

     Blossoming profusely (very tight buds on 6/8 when Bs here & Jim cleared tree
1991 seedlings & vines virulent this spring tho' I cleared most of them last Sept.
1992 Blossoming beautifully-needs clearing but postponed to Fall


1973 In bloom along road - Most spectacular blooming in years in 1972
     gorgeous laural display especially on Lady Slipper Lane and along new Yellow
1987 Trail - a fairy land.

1990 Pat Kelleher took home first bouquet from laurel on Entrance Road

1990 Judy Dumke noted it along E line near a spring outlet near 2 gums corner
     Judy noted it scattered on Blue Trail steep slope (near NW corner) where deer
1990 has browsed it.
     Judy Dumked noted near chestnut volunteering on new 4-wheeler path into
1990 woods from O Rd near old tomato field

     Judy noted laurel (gate area particularly attractive this year-MZ has never seen it
     as gorgeoeus & as abundant as it is this year at laurel ledge & along Ent Rd & O
1991 Rd. Judy noted abundant laurel clumps along W line approaching N at corner

1992 Blossoming very late this year - none
     Visible on 5/30 (usual top blossoming date) except under trans lines beginning
     buds-these in full flower-mid June-but this is a poor laurel year at Eidolon-last
1992 year's drought?- rainy spring??
     Lovely blossoming bushes along Ent Rd & new young bushes appearing in
     areas denuded partially by winter loss of trees - trees removed for power poles
1994 along O Rd-ex: in woods near old tomato field!
     Within gate - behind wall - E side; Planted by WV (Romney Nursery) in
     experimental planting after mistaken spray - to test soil - only one not stolen in
1986 this area
1988 Bloomed - lovely purple blossom

1990 Blossomed, but possibly damaged by deer or ? - seems smaller
     Prob suffered from extreme drought last year - but alive - no blossoms - mt
1992 laurel also scarce this year.

     LBZ planted in co-op with WV Cons. Committee about 1952 on bank above
1952 cabin. Has spread

1974 On Bank above cabin & along road
     Took some seeded branches & scattered under power line near Ent Rd, also at
1979 bank below house
     Appears killed along Ent Rd & bank off cabin by spray - a clump below cabin
1984 appear all right

1984 L on bank shows no sign of life; also 5/1/1984 no signs of life
      1991-1992 revived & flourishing tho' enroad of autumn olive, black cherry, grape
      vines-cleared in 1992 (Had scattered seeded branches under PE power line
1980s near Ent Rd last fall early October
      Blossoming profusely though many plants damaged by tree limbs felled in ice
1993 storm-pines-spruce etc above them
      Small wild lettuce (yellow) near gate on O Rd & above meets best description in
1988 Flora & Peterson (checking with Judy)

1990 Blossoming opposite gate

     In bloom opp spring-W side of spring road-larger halberd shaped leaf at base &
1981 thick red stem at base-flowers on slender short stem & with smaller leaves

1987 Almost covering slope below cabin replacing ailinthus killed by garlon 4

1950s Next to cabin - Has spread - 2 larger ones by 1970s
1985 One at top of bank S of cabin - one below cabin on E slope
      Blooming beautifully-covered with butterflies-bees etc - A feasting place for
      them-(Earl Kidwell took a shaft home-Margaret B did that long ago & has a
1982 blooming bush)
      Original lilac at cabin covered with remains of many blossoms-early this year!
      Also one on slope below-damaged earlier below-now recovering--had planted
      one near Norway spruce in deep shade & lespedeza competition still struggling -
1991 no blossoms

1982 On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual count

1988 Near gate-blooming
     In a glade-like flat area in woods on E line before 2 gums & maple corner, also
     common on White Trail in wood beyond Tower-plant smaller-darker than Judy is
1990 used to - soil? - light?



1992 At cabin area
1994 On Ent Rd above gate
     Planted several clumps from Vogele garden in Cincinnati-late May 1988 - at LBZ
1988 gravestone & near rhododendron N of cabin
1990 Healthy plants at grave. No blossoms. (was not at Eidolon May-June 1989)
1992 Plants on both sides of grave - no signs of blossoms


     Blooming beyond E edge of road opposite pine trees S of cabin. Also several on
1976 bank below cabin
1985 Several blossoming below cabin to South
     One with black seed already formed near Christmas fern on bank S of cabin
     under lespadeza-clear area. Possibly some surviving in mass of vines, etc on
1991 slope below cabin -will try to clear

     Several plants on bank as last year, & 2 young ones on LBZ grave, not planted
1992 there! Those below cabin prob killed by spray used to ailanthus sev years ago
     Half dozen or more plants on bank - black seeds on many-winter blizzard & ice
     storm damage to trees & lespedeza on bank reveal spreading lilies! One very
1994 tall one with seeds;
1994 Several lower ones bitten by rabbits??? N???

1988 At side of path below cabin-one leaf in first stage-(may stay that way for 2 years)
     A leaf on White Trail saved for id proved to be second stage leaf of this plant.
1988 Fall flowering-See this leaf in Flora p 1022

1976 Midway up Ent Rd E side;

     Lavender blossomed ones-many-blooming along Ent Rd above Big Bend on NE
1985 side. White ones-a few-blooming between black & red oaks behind cabin
1990 Ent Rd - between gate & "sink"
     Has cleft-split on top road using lens on 2 specimens in Yellow Trail next to rock-
1988 midway from Ent Rd to Coach Road

1989 7 plants on the '88 site and a little to N of it
     Three tall spikes in bloom-half doz plants spreading at Yellow Trail site (Judy &
1990 Mark Scott-very pale blue ones)
     H. Harvey tried to divert 4-wheelers around the rock area where plants till
1991 surviving by arranging stones & branches
     Still surviving-no sign of bloom-this spring blossoming retarded generally (laurel,
1992 etc.)
     2 plants in bud at rock - no sign of others - over Pot. Ed. Field trip - w Foresters
     Chip Brown & Sylvia & Eugeneria Baldwin & Clancy (for O Rd new installation
     check) saw them en route to PE line over Old Coach Road. Tina Hall & Mark
1993 Scott, WV TNC also saw them.

1988 On O Rd between laurel ledge & gate
1991 On West Line
1973   Blooming along all roads at Eidolon
1976   Blooming along all roads at Eidolon
1980   Blooming in woods W of cabin & along Ent Rd
1982   Blooming along Ent Rd
1982   On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual conf.
1984   Blooming along Orleans Rd & almost everywhere
1987   Beginning to blossom under trans lines & along Ent Rd
1988   On Yellow Trail below Ent Rd
1988   No flowers but in or near old tomato field on O Rd
       Noted scattered plants along the new 4-wheeler trail into woods from O Rd at
1990   old tomato field area
1992   Yellow Trail near Entrance Road
       Blossoming on Yellow Trail not far above Coach Road-level area-before ascent
1993   to Ent Rd.
       Beg to blossom among large patch of healthy tri-lobe violets on E side of Ent Rd
1994   below White Trail-this one's leaves-not 4 but 5 whorled!!!
1994   Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend
1995   Common throughout woods
1995   Blossoming at gate.


1977   Tower Road - seeding
1988   At sink area blooming - 2-3 flowers, just starting to bloom
1992   Near cabin
1995   Budding on Ent Rd near White Trail entrance - wet area
1992   Near Am chestnut seedling from unblighted stock on Blue Trail




     Seen throughout woods in spring - in wood along Ent Rd; mushrooms found
 79  near May apples (Rosalie); fruit edible lemon-like, slightly tart - ripe in July.
     Left N & W side spring Rd near Dutchman's breeches & cut-leaf toothwort
1985 behind fallen pine
1990 Blooming top of first steep slope up from Spring N side




1973 Budding

1976 Very tall & shoulder high - road to tower

1983 Blooming shoulder high
1994   On path to Spring
1988   On Entrance Road above gate
1989   On O Rd, spec checked with sample in Flora
1992   Under black oak tree behind cabin near Lecheu sp.


      Blooming luxuriously under trans lines and along O Rd to W-also along upper
19184 Coach Rd.




1987 One plant blossoming N side of Tower Rd & all along O Rd after trans lines

1990 Under guide lines for Tower on White Trail

1991 On West line

1994 3 blooming plants on Blue Trail from chestnut area

1995 Along O Rd as well as scattered in dry woods above it

1996 On road to cabin
     Two flowering plants about a foot high near chestnut seedling nearest shooting
1988 star- SE of it (down hill - Blue Trail)
1992 On Old Coach Rd (part of Yellow Trail) below PE elect line to Tower
1982 Blooming on Orleans Road near gate

1987   Blossoming-lovely deep purple-above gate E side Ent Rd
1988   Outside & inside of gate - blooming
1990   On E line near trans lines and at gate E side
1992   Judy & Christina Hall found at gate
1992   Found on Old Coach Road below PE line to Tower
1995   "Barely" coming into bloom - should be abundant this year on Yellow Trail
1995   Many blossoming -E side & outside of gate
1995   Judy also found it on Orleans Rd bank below gate
1989   On Orleans Rd E of gate
1991   At Entrance gate
1994   W of Entrance gate on Orleans Rd bank




1974 Along Entrance Road - much greener than other mints
1985 White flowers except for a few spots - Entrance Road




1974 Along Entrance Road & road to Tower
1980 Blooming-Entrance Road very downy whitish
     Lovely velvety leaves & tiny purple spotted 2-lipped flowers - blossoming along
1985 Ent Rd above Big Bend
1988 Same as above
     Near the clinipondes on Spring Path - also in cabin area-very erect-some think
1990 P. Clen is a hybrid, this-one of its parents
1992 Found in cabin area
1992 Near cabin

1982 On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual conf.

1988 Blossoming under trans lines near O Rd & near old tomato field

1989 Blossoming in clearing below cabin frosty top etc.




1974 Along all roads
1988 On O Rd about opp old tomato field
1989 In clearing below cabin & along Entrance Road - still in bloom



     Blooming near foxglove beard tongue (white) E side of Entrance Rd- near native
1976 chestnut - just beyond midway at first long ascent.
     Young plant-tiny blossom at Big Bend just above little red cedar & under redbud
1986 tree


1976   Blooming - Tower Road near tower
1982   Road near Tower - blooming in clumps
1982   Blooming
1985   Entrance Road near Big Bend
1988   Clumps on Ent Rd below cabin-into woods on spring-Tower road many
1990   Lots blooming on Tower Road
       On road from cabin to White Trail (Tower Rd) She added andrz to the cove L.
1990   cardiaca
1992   On Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend
1994   On Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend
1995   Blooming at Tower E of it & skippers, silver spotted dining on them 5 pm
       Judy id this at Ent Rd (east side & N end) edge of seep or old sink-many white
       flowers late in June-but no fruit in Fall!!-has oriental look; took some to 6/22
1990   conf.
       Near mt. ash that never bloomed-up at mt. B (??) at Delmont's & upper leaves
1982   very different
1988   Still growing-near mt. ash-never has bloomed
1992   Same as '88
1970s, Plentiful, esp on Tower Rd; Along Tower & other roads-loved by cardinals and
78 & 79 goldfinches, upper Tower site ** old time remedy for coughs


      Miami Herald says 83 yr old Rose Fuller of Arley, AL-says mother used mullein
 1978 leaves & wilted them in hot water for sore throats



 1983 Unusual lot of it at tower in Trail, blooming now



 1985 Coming up many places



      Mullein plantiful along Ent Rd below cabin & on Tower Rd & plants near tower
 1988 killed by tallets (?)



 1988 Blooming


      At Tower (photo album has picture of surveryor Geertsema & daughter standing
 1992 by very tall one at tower last year 1991.




 1973 Field near cabin


 1975   Just showing woods below cabin
 1976   Plant (not in bloom) S side of Pot Ed line & W of road in woods
 1982   Beg to bloom - full blossoms-edges of wood-plentiful
 1982   Blooming along all roads
 1982   On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual conf.
 1983   Blooming along Entrance Road
 1985   Blooming along Entrance Road
        Mostly in seed-but a second bloom after tops cut off early on some-Yellow Trail
 1988   below Ent Rd and en route to spring
 1989   On White Trail E of Paw Paw cave area
 1992   Noted spreading rapidly at cabin area
 1996   Noted spreading rapidly at cabin area & fruiting
 1985   S side of cabin, in bloom

 1989 Off Tower Road
     Lovely white narcissus, yellow center with a rim-blooming in LBZ area edge of
     woods. Many clumps of it scattered about but this the first blossoms to appear
1985 this year. Intro these in 1950s, thought they had vanished
1989 Blossoming in woods every where along roads, etc.
1990 Along new 4-wheeler path into woods from O Rd (near old tomato field)
1989

1994 On O Rd bank near our SW corner
1992 At spring

     Blooming-tiny unusual white flowers on open spike sepals-Ent Rd-marked by
1980 rocks & branches-young plants nearby-at edge of road.


1992   Along spring
1982   On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual conf.
1992   Several strong plants along stream below spring
1980   At right angle Big Bend - Entrance Road
1985   Blooming profusely tall on E side Ent Rd-below sink area
1986   A few isolated ones still blooming near Big Bend on bank at cabin, etc.
1988   Blooming everywhere
1990   Blooming on Yellow Trail near Big Bend


1975 Bank below cabin-open woods & bank behind cabin to spring path
     In old apple orchard & also on Tower Road-blossoming-transplanted one to LBZ
1985 area near red cedar.
1986 Blossoming lavishly on slope below cabin.
     MZ found specimen growing with jewelweed in drain, E side Ent Rd near taped
     butternut tree (between White Trail & sink). I sent it with a late specimen higher
     up on Ent Rd near sink & a similar but leaves-not (??) plant from Delmont's
     yard to Judy Dumke via Tina Hall 9/25/1992 to confirm our Pa Pallitomid in
     "Flora"-Rec'd Judy's 9/12 report 9/26!! Confirming our id! She found it on Yellow
1992 Trail above main spring -beg of slop to Big Bend

     In path to spring; also Entrance Rd; in path to Tower. Note: Miami Herald
     Garden Section in 1978 reports Great Britians Institute of Territorial Ecology
     says pennyroyal is one of 320 threatened wild plants. In Elizabethan times it was
     a common herb sold by paupers who gathered it wild at Mile End, East of
     London. John Gerard, the 16th century herbalist recommended it for purifying
     "comfit water". He said a garland worn about forehead "is of great force against
     the swimming in the head". It once thrived beside ponds & lakes all over
1974 lowlands, esp where geese & ducks grazed. Now found only in 17 states.
1978 Growing near lower guide wires to Tower Power line
1980 In grave area above cabin & along Entrance Road

     Flourishing center & edges of Ent & Tower Rd & some iin lBZ area. Our Dow-
1985 WV PE TNC WV Forester Delmont & I used it to ward off bugs-very effective.
     Very plentiful-Ent Rd-clumps on banks, also on Old Coach Rd-Tower Rd-seems
1982 to be everywhere this year-along county roads, etc.
1986 Flourishing at spring, LBZ park, Ent Rd & Tower Rd
1988 Tower Road, at gate, not in bloom-on banks, middle of road
1988 Everywhere-tall & blossoming after hot dry summer
1990 Judy found near beg of Blue Trail
1991 Plentiful- also 6/19/1992 - LBZ area- Entrance Rd - Tower Rd
      Introduced in 1950s & survived on bank behind cabin -2 plants until May 1984
1950s spray
1985 Leaves on E side of pathway to LBZ grave showing
1988 blossoming but needs clearing
1988 Cleared blackberry vines, sassafras seedling away from peony
1991 One blossoming on bush near LBZ grave




1975 Near Old Emmart house site-transplanted to hillside in front of cabin-spreading

     Spreading in both places-opp cabin & on new section of Yellow Trail-level area
1992 above precipice as trail nears Ent Rd.


1994 Blooming late along Yellow Trail near old Emmart home sit near Big Bend

     With iris in front of cabin S side; white phlox blooming S of cabin steps-pink in
1980 usual place.

1981 White & pink blossoms cabin steps

1982 Butterflies feasting on them- Most of garden forms a perennial phlox

1991 Have bloomed next to cabin round steps
     White phlox blooming at cabin steps; pink & deep rose blooming on S end of
1993 border above slope below cabin


      Introduced on bank S of cabin from bank along Rt. 9 late 1905s. Flourishing in
1950s white, pink, lavender, rose (on Rt. 9 only white visible on 5/7/1975.)

1982 A few remnants blooming on bank behind cabin - in unshaded areas

     Delmont says Moss phlox lovely on bank this year due to rains. We wonder if
1984 the WV surprise late May spraying may have killed it-it turned brown.
     A pinkish cast appearing on some buds on W side of path to LBZ area may be
1985 moss phlox surviving spray?
     Pink & white blooming on W side of path and has spread to NE side of road in
1985 grass near where iris & lilac are growing.

1986 Fulol bloom on both sides of path to grave & in grass S of cabin. Pink & white.
1990 Has bloomed & still growing near peony on right bank of path to LBZ grave.
     Judy saw larger coloies of dried phlox subulata (white flower) on bank along O
1991 Rd W of gate, O X Rds our SW corner

1992 has bloomed W side of path to LBZ grave
     The colony Judy saw in 91 still flourishing in the shale barren area beyond a
     great rock at road's edge below gate- paw paws on both sides of the O Rd
1993 nearby.

1994 Has blossomed on bank S of cabin

1994 Judy found it "doing well" on O Rd bank near beard tongue & pussy toes.

1995 Past blooming but recovering nicely from previvous drought-same area O Rd

1995 Lots of the phlox still on bank S of cabin-W side to path to LBZ
1982 Jenny (Jeremy) Gloyd found in path-lower ent to spring
1982 On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual conf.
1989 Lots of it along Ent Rd, some on White Trail & in clearing below cabin.
     On Blue Trail on slope approaching NW corner overlooking Potomac W over
1990 Paw Paw Bands
1992 Near cabin



     Turn of Entrance Rd-transplanted some to bank at bathroom & near iris.
1973 Blooming - Dr. VimVan Eck apricot color- tiny - lovely



1976 Growing in cleared area under power lines to Tower E of Ent Rd



1988 At Big Bend blooming



1992 On Ent Rd-Yellow Trail section



1993 At Big Bend blossoming but small this year


     From Big Bend on up the slope almost to experimental rough-leaved dogwood-
1995 tiny plants in full blossom- lovely
1992 Cabin area- ret'g from Blue Trail (returning??)
1992 On spring path above Blue Trail- not flowering
     In rut in Old Coach Road part of Yellow Trail near (above) big rock with polypidy
1992 fern
1973 Blooming N of cabin in grassy area
1978 Blooming N of cabin in grassy area
1979 Blooming N of cabin in grassy area
1980 On Spring Road-around cabin & Tower Road
1983 On Spring Road-around cabin & Tower Road
1987 Lovely ones just opened at Big Bend beyond the scarlet pimpernels
1988 Very tall ones this year along Ent and Tower Road
1992 At Tower
1993 Tall rose ones at Big Bend-many neara cabin
1994 Blooming on Tower Road
     Judy dumke is checking with Heritage (has pressed specimen) on pinweed
     noted last fall under black oak behind cabin. She thinks its L. villosa Michx def
1990 NOT l. vacemulosa & nare

1988 Around trunk S&E side of black oak behind cabin-
1989 Dr. Kenneth Carvell saw it, but capsules not yet formed
1990 Judy unaable to see any cpasules on Fall visit
     Judy-no capsules-barely surviving, record breaking drought-but after some
1990 watering
1990 Still surviving all around base of tree but not flourishgin
1992 Still there but fewer




1983 Unusual lot of it in woods almost everywhere this year

1989 Lots of it-with seed at top of stem-on Yellow & White Trails & some on Blue Trail

1990 Lots of it in woods toward spring-on White Trail & Yellow Trail

1982 On 5 Hour Trail on Tower Road during WV TNC annual connf.

1986 Blooming along Blue Trail, 5 or 6 lovely tall ones

1986 Lovely one behind cabin in greenbriar mess-must free it
     Pinxter at Spring which I freed last fall has blossomed this year & larger number
1987 of small ones flourishing near & under fallen limb of oak tree
     Blossomed this year again & removed grape vine. Several small plants coming
1988 up nearby. Cleared greebriar encroaching area again.
     Cleared greenbrier & grape vine from dogwood overhanging large pinxter at
1990 Spring-also from small ones below

1992 Judy Dumke noted several new plants above spring
     Survived Oct 1991 tree falling & June 1992 repair of spring-Remains of blossom
1992 & still on tree 5/30/1992. A small one surviving too.

1992 Judy Dumke noted pinxter in good shape after release-doing well
       Has blossomed this year. Threatened by intruding locust & sassafras seedlings
       between it & spring & by grapevine & greenbriar from west side-MZ will TRY TO
1994   CLEAR again.
       Has flowered this spring-some pinkish residue of blossoms still there-Bob
1996   Fought has kept trunk clear of briar & spice bush
       Judy Dumke saw & recommened leaving the 2 small trees between it & spring-
1996   needs dappled shade-A few flowers remaining & lots of fruit
1992   Near cabin
       Judy Dumke on E line approaching 2 gums corner; earlier noted slope app
1990   cabin
1986   Blooming upper Tower Road-is appears pinkish thru adjacent greenbriar.

1976 Blooming-roadside & grass area

1988 Road to Tower

1988 On Entrance Road between gate & White Trail- a lot of it!

1992   Spreading nuisance at gate area
1980   Around cabin & along roads
1988   Along Ent Rd from gate to Big Bend
1988   Along O Rd E of old tomato field
1992   Growing pest near cabin

1974 Front of cabin

1974

1979 In wood S of cabin

1988 Budding in front of cabin & on tower Road

1992 Found near cabin

1975 Under trans line on O Rd-later Judy id it - "not yet in Flora"




1950s-
1990-
91-92 Common along paths near old meadow; common on slope SE of cabin
       Recorded on Tape 1, Side B my stopping at the Harvey's en route back to Inn &
       tasting poke greens they were eating at dinner. Took some fresh ones home
1974   with me in a paper bag & they are still delicious when I ate them in Florida
1987   Blossoming to N of Tower-a row along the topmost rocks
1989   Delmont noted some E of Tower
       In small openings in woods on NW loop of Blue Trail-also on Blue Trail on rocky
1990   slope up to the old lumber trail leading to spring
       On Old Coach Road section of Yellow Trail below large rock with polypody fern
1992   on it


1975   Cleared area under trans power line along Ent Rd
1986   Many pussytoes blooming on grass near cabin-didn't check
1988   Judy Dumke id ones that have survived mowing around cabin
1993   Blossoming near cabin-also lower Entrance Road-many!

1984 Very noticeable along trans line area along Orleans Rd

1986 Many along Blue Trail near chestnut seedlings

1991 At cabin area

1993 Blossoming on Ent Rd

1991 Along Orleans Rd below gate toward river, abundant there & on 5/25 at cabin
     Tina Hall didn't find these on hasty field search along O Rd with Potomac
1993 Edison forester Chip Brown & Sylvia
     Judy Dumke found them doing well on O Rd bank near Beavalangus, moss
1994 phlox, etc.

1994 Near Blue Trail expanding population, fruiting
     Large matted area-2 or 3 rounded blossoming heads seeding on E or NE of Old
     Coach Road not far above Paw Paw rocky Hollow area going away from Piney
1993 Pt area to SW steep slope - PE lines

1995 On Yellow Trail (probably the coach road section)
1977 Blooming along raods

1988 Along Ent Rd & Tower Rd & cabin building

1988 Blooming under trans lines near O Rd

1990 Blooming in old tomato field along O Rd near new 4-wheeler path into woods

1994 On O Rd bank below gate, blossoming
     Under trans lines, introduced at gate & along Ent Rd near O Rd & Tower Rd;
1988 weeded it out near gate following year but returns.
1990 On E line under trans lines
1992 Spreading along Ent & Tower Rd - traying to weed out
1992 Noted on Tower Road
     Near cabin. MZ has been pulling up by roots along both sides of Ent Rd & first
1992 part of Tower Rd

     Judy add to 8/93 TYPED TNC inventory list after examining pressed flowering
1994 example MZ gave her which MZ brought from June 1993 visit to Eidolon




1975 Entrance Road -wooded hillside, blooming

1987 Blooming at edge of Orleans Rd outside gate

1988 Fruiting along Entrance Road

1993 Blossoming E side Entrance Road above gate

1994 Blossoming E side Entrance Road above gate
     Blossoming E side Entrance Road above gate; with tansy-like ragwort-No basal
1994 rounded leaves but kept sample for Judy to check out


1985 Growing in clumps along N & E side of Orleans Rd & near gate

1988 Blossoming along path to LBZ grave & in grass behind cabin-very woolly
     Gave this card to Tina Hall to check on our field trip on OX Rds to check out
     possible interference with trees or plants by new pole installations on our tract
     along O Rd to service O X Rds. PE forester Chip Brown & Syliva & PE
     engineers Baldwin & Clancy & H. Harvey & I checked. The shale barren bank
     where most of our scarce plants are is NOT near any installation & terrain is
     such that no poles or equip would be on our side of rd at that steep curving
1994 area.
 1995 Still doing well on Orleans Rd bank below gate
        Old Orchard area & along raod to spring-also on bank E of cabin & in spring
 1979 area
 1980 Ripening Tower Road & road above spring & below cabin
 1983 Blossoming along Coach Road & Tower Road
        Ate a dessert dish full, picked near Tower. Vines lower down have none ripe yet,
 1983 tho heavily loaded with berries
84/85/8 Patch near Tower killed by Wv spraying but some along Ent Rd slope below
   6    cabin & along Spring Path
 1988 Picked a few small black raspberries above Big Bend-some W of Tower
 1994 Blossoming on slope below cabin & on Tower Road
        Delmont & Harvey Harrison recog. Mt. Raspberry at E edge of Coach Rd near
 1982 swampy fork.

 1982 some on W sdie of Eidolo & White Trail

 1990 On E line in woods leading to old Divelbliss corner from S
      On Old Coach Road (part of Yellow Trail) below big rock on E side with
 1992 polypody fern on it & just above PE power lines to Tower
      Found it beyond Piney Point & Yellow Trail on Lady Slipper Trail near our NE
 1995 corner beyond pitch pine area
      Along Yellow Trail as it nears upper Coach Rd-NOT in blossom-growing out of
 1987 old tree root & leaf resembles white lettuce leaf
      On Yellow Trail near where it becomes Old Coach Trail, but above polypody
 1992 rock

 1992 Cabin area


      Near gate Orleans Rod - heavy purple veining on leaves at bottom of stalk;
 1973 basal rosette


 1982 Along Coach Road


 1983 Lots of it blossoming on path to Coach Road & along Coach Rd-upper part


 1984 In woods along Blue Trail - blooming


 1986 Blossoming near gate


 1988 Blossoming near gate & along Orleans Road


 1990 Blossoming near gate on Ent Rd
1991 Blossoming at Entrance Gate


1992 Many at gate & along Ent Rd in bloom


1992 On Yellow Trail below Ent Rd beyond big newly fallen tree across trail


1993 Blossoming profusely along Ent Rd near gate


1994 Ditto


1994 On Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend
     Stephen Kinder (WV Maint man) & Romney nurseryman & I planted these after
     6 rhodo stolen from outside gate where WV & Dow rep etc planted them earlier
1985 this month.
     One of the 3 above Big Bend that was planted on NE side of road & which
     appeared sickly in May 1986 but was kept watered died (after being eaten by
     deer). The other 2 tho tops eaten are reviving. The one at gate had a branch
1986 destroyed by a borer bu appears ok after watering
     Lovely deep purple piece of blossom on gate rhodo. Healthy looking rho near
     top of Big Bend slope-the other one dead. It was near the Judas Tree killed by
     the spray & perhaps did not recover as well from deer browsing last year as did
1987 the one farther up.
     It has been drooping a bit & I have watered it twice recently. Also one at gate
     watered twice.
     One at gate-lovely purple blossoms, one on slope above big Bend weed-
1988 crowded-no evidence of blossom but seems ok
     One at gate still alive-also one in slope above Big Bend no evidence of
1990 blossoming
1992 One at gate alive but probably drought no blossoms
1995 Huge single deep rose peony-like blossom near ground at rho at gate

1989 Blossoming & seeding along Ent Rd above gate (below White Trail)


1975 On bank SW of cabin near woods - blossoming
1990 In quarry area on White Trail

1991 On Yellow Trail just below Ent Rd beyond lobelia



1974 Under power line - fruiting

1980 Lower Spring Road & Entrance Road
1980 Two patches along middle of Ent Rd - W bank

1987 Esp plentiful this year - lovely along Orleans Road

1988 All along Orleans Road

1990 On elec line under trans lines - also at tower area on White Trail

1992 On Blue Trail near Am chestnut seedling
     Blooming on both sides of Old Coach Rd between power line to tower & Rocky
1993 Hollow-spreading up W slope-lovely

1994 Judy found "abundant" along O Rd bank

1994 Judy found along Spring Path & on Blue Trail-sometimes with multiflora
     Judy gave me a piece from Carolina rose on bank on O Rd below gate which
1995 had 4 or 5 spiny galls on it
     Introduced by Conservation Service about 1947. Thicket on road to spring - W
1947 side beyond old clearing-has spread
1971 A thicket behind cabin
1979 Spread some rose seeds at gate where jeeps come in
1980 Everywhere "pest!"
     Hacked down with grass whip & severed at root as much of the m rose as I
     could-esp clumps around cabin to N & the original planting-now tree high on
1980 Spring Road & clumps spread from it up & down the road
     Eric Harvery & I hacked most of original planting down-half of it had died from
1981 last year's efforts-but one very high area still needs destruction
     While clearing ailanthus below cabin-destroyed clumps of m rose which had
     spread to the area in at least a half dozen places. Also cleared a little along Ent
1981 Rd, spread by the birds.
     Still a pest-but tryinig to whack it down to keep it from blooming & bearing fruit
     wherever we see it. Original huge clump now dead+weeded control near cabin
1983 & also spring road

     Judy attached sticks infested with mites to >10 or 15 multiflora plant stems.
     They are supposed to spread virus & kill multiflora plants. She had treated
     several (?) in cabin area when I had been severing the blossoming plants-huge
     ones up into trees-a jungle-before I knew that she had finally obtained the pest
     remover we had hopes to get 2 years ago (Warren advised me to drop my daily
     destruction-was sure virus would work but Judy NOT SURE--so if I can find the
     time I'll try to do what was effective 2 yrs ago in reducing seeding. But my
     absence last fall & the winter & spring lush growth have brought the cabin area
     into a jungle again. Judy also treated some smaller plants on Yellow Trail from
1994 spring to Big Bend & maybe at spring. I have no idea how many or where
     No white jungle of blossoming m. rose N of cabin where I worked hard last year
     & where Judy may have placed effective virus, but small new plants everywhere
     along spring path. Judy had brought some new virus which she says is more
1995 powerful & she attached pieces in same area as before
1975 Under power line to tower- cleared area on Ent Rd




1980   Blooming lower Entranace Road W side - leaves very tiny
1987   Blooming just S & E of gate along Orleans Road
1988   Judy Dumke (TNC) on Yellow Trail-also O Rd between laurel ledge & gate
1982   At Tower site among mosses and along tower path - in blossom
1992   Along Blue Trail near new of Potoma bend

1980 Long, lanceolate leaves- Ent Rd at RA band

1985 Blossoming- same area
     Blooming almost everywhere in open spaces; Next to cabin & Taller in Rd W on
1979 Orleans Road.

1988 Entrance Road

1988 On O Rd bank between trans lines & old tomato field

1992 Along Spring Path (noting declining in abundance)

1996 On Yellow Trail above spring near old Duckworth place area


1974 Entrance Road
     Along O Rd about midway between trans lines & old tomato field. She notes it
     also as a "small senna"!! Cassia herbecarpais is Wild Seneca in Peterson's & in
1988 Flora


       Old fields near cabin; check w Delmont used in salads?

1992 Entrance Road - cabin area - lots of it
     Lovely rose-pink ones blooming near newly planted Am chestnut on slope N of
1986 Blue Trail-one farthermost West.
1986 4 blooming - same area
     Can't locate any-the "bed" guarded by limbs & stones disarranged during winter.
1987 Nearby chestnut seedling ok.
1976 Blooming at edge of woods near open area below cabin - N side
1990 Yellow Trail ?
     Judy saw one plant in small grassy grade on W line between large draw to the
1991 steepest one

1988 Judy Dumke id some on far side of O Rd & we begain to look for it near gate
     On upper coach trail - above 10" am chestnut - last year Judy Dumke is some
1989 on S side of O Rd
1988 Under trans lines near O Rd and on O Rd near laurel ledge

1987 Along Detour Rte. 18-right bank beyond Ercel's place (after RA turn)
1987 Same. Outside our gate-top of bank beyond stone wall.
1989 Some beautiful clumps of it on rocky side of cave area on White Trail

1992 On Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend




1974 Near cabin




1973 Blooming along road to tower
     Blooming everywhere it seems-in woods, along Ent, Coach, Tower & Spring
1987 Rds, like white candles swaying

1988 Blossoming everywhere

1991 On O line before "draw"

1992   Judy id on Blue Trail beyond chestnut seedling & deer stand
1973   Blossoming on Entrance Rd
1988   Blossoming on Ent Rd near sink - Judy Dumke used hand lens
1994   Flowering on Blue Trail
1996   Flowering near exit of Blue Trail


1982 Blue Ribbon Trail halfway bet ridge & rock ledge corner, above trail (prob N?)


1974 Blooming - Tower Road


1979 9/26/1981 - Blooming all along Entrance Road


1982 Butterflies feasting on flowers-all along roads-at cabin-tower-entrance-spring
1986 Blossoming along most trails & roads


1988 Blooming on Ent Rd agove gate W side


1989 Everywhere along Entrance, Tower, Spring, Coach, Orleans Roads


1990 On all open roads-tall & lovely
1988 At Entrance gate blooming with polygalie

1939 Well established below old \Emmert's orchard
1975 Still blooming, bearing berries tho woods grown up around them
1994 Snowberry blooming near olf Emmert house location on Yellow Trail




1974 In woods above cabin
1979 Under power line E of Ent Rd


1982 In woods near cabin-budding
1982
1984 In woods along Quarry Trail near tower
     Blossoming to W of Ent Rd near chestnug clumps. Two blossoms but not
1984 paired. Each singly from leaf axil!

1986 Several budding & 2 blossoming along White Trail near Hanging Basket area
1986 In woods W of Ent Rd - budding
     some growing along Coach Trail near our 10 in show-case Am chestnut in new
1987 clearing.
1987 Blossoming near Yellow Lady Slipper area E slope below Ent Rd
     Blossoms just over- 1 plant near Ent Rd below Yellow Trail area -not far from
1993 Lady Slipper area
     One blossoming plant just beyond trans lines along O Rd above bank going
1993 towards gate
1993 Many plants in Yellow Lady Slipper area
     Many plants in Yellow Lady Slipper area & some near spring & in woods along
1994 White Trail near Ent Rd - not blooming

     Roadside-Orleans Rd-and edge of woods of cabin near ash tree-reddish purple
1972 berried conspicuous

1975 Throughout woods - blooming

1978 Red berries conspicuous-plant near power line near Ent Rd in woods

1982 On 5 Hr Trail to Tower during WV NVC annual conf.
1984 Large ones-blooms over-along Orleans Rd above Emmert's coach road exit

1984 Red berries on flourishing clump below Emmert's coach road exit
     Heavily berried plants-spreading & overhanging bank along O Rd E of gate 100
     ft SW spread some (unripe) berries at edge of LBZ park-W side and on NE
1985 bank near new dogwood.

1986 Blooming on both sides of Tower Road at edge of woods

1988 Fruiting on O Rd bank near gate- Judy Dumke verifies




1974   In Tower area-all clearings & roadways
1988   Under black oak behind cabin & road to tower-used in salad
1988   Under trans lines near O Rd
1990   On our E line under trans lines near woods
1994   On Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend

1982 Blossoming along Orleans Rd near gate

1989 Blossoming along Orleans Rd near gate

1989 Blossoming on Ent Rd above gate W side
     Along O Rd midway between trans lines & old tomato field & also near laurel
1988 ledge-also Ent Rd bet gate & White Trail - W side




1975 Behind cabin

1984 Under black oak behind cabin

1988 In grass behind cabin-lovely-blooming

1975 Between cabin & road & on bank -beautiful blue-tiny
1991 At the cabin
     Blossoming-lovely tiny striped pale violet flowers-next to steps of cabin towards
1992 S. Thyme-leaved speedwell nearby.
     Blooming profusely in grass in cabin area along path to LBZ area and esp in
1986 swamp area along Ent Rd
1988 Tower Rd, cabin area & scattered in several places
1990 Near cabin
1991 At cabin area
1992 Beg to bloom S side of cabin steps with conr speedwell
1992 At cabin area
1994 On Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend
1996 Up the slope N of Blue Trail exit near 1996 chestnut planting beyond spring path



     Along banks of run-off from Spring, along road from cabin to tower
1979 Spreading - many berries this year after rains!
     Spreading everywhere from tower woods area to spring area & old meadow,
1981 many berries
     Berries plentiful, contrasting with most berrry prod plants affected by drought
     this summer-spice bush swallow tails enjoying phlox & white snakeroot below
1982 cabin & (??)
     Judy Dumke noted some on Blue Trail NE end above Potomac retaining leaves
1990 longer than these in Chesapeake, O
     Forming a jungle around spring overflow-& in woods between spring & Mil-Jen
1992 Fern glen

     Peterson note: a zigzag variety-subspecies - WV to Mo-broader leaves & zigzag
1972 stems
1973 Near microwave tower-W side of road (disappears quickly)
     Several plants with rose colored spiderwort as well as the blue on lower E bank
1975 beyond tower - E

       A beautiful clump in blossom just N of WV tower guidelines & cleared area-
       among blackberry briars-Didn't find any south of tower where pink one noted
1983   several years ago. These a gorgeous deep violet shade & very large.
1984   Many, many climps along Quarry Trail below main quarry
1988   Many lovely tall ones along Quarry
1990   On White Trail between Tower roads & tower guidelines
1994   "Near top of road cut" on O Rd below gate very near our SW corner
1995   "Several clustered below rock faces on White Trail pretty well dear nibbled




1980 Along road to spring- to N beyond original mulitflora rose clump- on E side of Mt!
     On 5 Hr Trail to Tower during WV NVC annual conf.; location not given but
1984 towards Coach Rd -Red Trail ending on Blue Trail
1995 On Tower Entrance Rd or Eastern end of Quarry Trail
1987 Blossoming S & E of gate along Orleans Rd
     On Yellow Trail above Coach Rd, also "a spread too young to ID for species on
1988 White Trail near witches broom
     A species too smal to ID but worth pursuing - on steep descent & scree
     appraoching NE corner or after. Possibly the one Bill Grafton is on 5 Hr trip on S
1990 boundary line
1994 On O Rd bank-near New Jersey tea, etc.
     6/30 - Lovely, large clumps blooming along edge of ??? On O bandk just W of
     Laurel Ledge-which neither Delmont or I can identify, but Judy id a pressed one
     mailed to her
1975   Woods S of lower stream run-off from spring, white one blooming
1985   4/29, 4/30, 5/1, 5/2 - All thru woods everywhere-many blossomed
1986   Blossoming in woods everywhere
1982   On 5 Hr Trail or Trail to tower during WV TNC annual conf.
1988   Under trans lines near O Rd
1982   On 5 Hr Trail to tower during WV TNC annual conf.

     Blooming-litte symmetrical clock faces-SW side of Ent Rd at Big Bend-near old
1980 upper rd beg
1982 Lovely blossoming - 2 or 3 plants in the rhododendron caged area
1985 Blossoming several placaes and on Tower Road
1988 In Woods between sink & Yellow Trail-Coach Rd area-not blooming yet
1988 Blooming on O Rd between trans lines & old tomato field
1994 Judy Dumke found
1982 On 5 Hr Trail to tower during WV TNC annual conf.
1988 Under trans lines on O Rd
     On Yellow Trail-Coach Road above big chestnut-W side, not flowering, only 1
1988 plant
     Lots of it in woods S or Pot Ed line & W of road - marked. Parasite on roots, esp
1976 oaks - woods beyond LBZ grave

1978 Pine woods

1979 Black group in woods S of cabin - also near spring
     Lots of it near ground picie & spotted wintergreen in pine woods along blazed
1978 trail to spring

1980 Lots in woods S of cabin

1983 Under white oak st apring- a clump-also several along Coach Road

1983 Everywhere in woods this wet year!

1983 Lots of it near spring

1988 very numerous in woods below spring on White Trail, etc.

1988 On E line in woods; off & on

1990 On path to old tomato field
     On White Trail in woods between tower rd. MZ noted lots of squaw root this year-
1991 woods S of cabin-spring area-Big Bend area-Yellow Trail etc.

1992 Lots of it in woods this year - Blue-Yellow-White Trails

1992 Noted on Blue Trail before Pot View bend
1994 Lots of it - Blue Trail
     Abundant in wet woods - 26 pushed up at base of big double tulip tree NE of
1996 spring-all shades from very to dark brown




1975 Planted on bank opp chestnut-from bank near excels (??)
     Blossoming near stream S of 2-gum corner near our line going SE where
1986 stream goes underground

1990 On our E line beyond the seep & beyond our 2 gum & maple corner




1975 Planted one plant N side of spring. Found along Rt. 9 near spring


1974 Edge of wood to spring from cabin & open spaces, some on Tower Rd
1975 Also in clearing E of cabin
     Found a number blossoming/blooming on bank E of cabin about 5' N of N cabin
1983 edge area-doing well
     A few blossoming along E sdie of Spring Rd & along path from Big Bend to
1985 spring
1986 Several plants W side Ent Rd above White Trail

     Poisoned by it-rainy day-wetwoods-behind cabin. Rash like measles all over
1953 body (clothed areas) MD diagnosed it and dried quickly by injection.

      Tall tree size sumac in blossom- E side Ent Rd & slope area off cabin & below
1985 to S - 1974 & earlier
      MZ brewed a cool drink from it following old recipe in book on Edible Plants
1905s which burned in 1962 fire.


     Very tall one 25' or > in height. Blossoming on Ent Rd E side above sink where
1991 long upward curve starts with a bend


1974 Power Line

1988 On O Rd near trans lines going W towards our gate

1989 Blooming along O Rd

1977 Entrance Road - blooming
1982 On Bill Grafton's Field Trip list for Eidolon
1986 Blooming outside gate
1973 At far NW edge of LBZ grave makred with rocks.

1975 Blossoming



1987 Large blossoming one on W side of spring path below cabin-licorice stem odor



1974 Blooming - upper Entrance Road
1988 Entrance Road near gate & beyond
1992 Blooming- Entrance Road

1976 Blooming along road & at tower
1976 In seed-under power line near Ent Rd
1982 Tower Rd - lovely blossoms
     Also, 5/31/1987-Blooming all along lower Ent Rd in high clumps -also on Tower
1986 Rd & at Tower (spray encouraged it?)
     Has taken over Tower Rd near tower & the area around tower shared with
1988 mullein & straw-like sedge or grass. Also along Ent Rd
1990 Along Ent Rd - blossoming
1990 Blooming tall along Ent Rd below cabin with yellow hop clover recumbent!
1992 Blooming near gate & at tower & along Ent Rd
1994 Beginning to bloom near gate
1995 Blossoming along Ent Rd
     Lovely rose purple flower-very hairy corolla & stem. Destructive - 2 petals above-
     4 tiny below; at edge of O Rd between gate & rock edge, planted root on W
1981 edge of Ent Rd N limit of (?? Durl's wlky sock??) clump
     Id by Judy Dumke from bursting seeds (tiny black round flat) which burst forth in
     my room from a sample purple flowers I gathered 10 days earlier & had in my
1988 room




1976 Blooming throughout woods-near cabiin-Ent Rd, spring, etc.-lovely

1980 Along Ent Rd below Big Bend

1988 Abundant sporadically all along O Rd to gate-one on Ent Rd

1992 On Yellow Trail below Ent Rd
     Very tall lovely ones blossoming on Ent near gate & at Big Bend. Also in front of
1993 cabin - N side of border above slope




1972 Road to Tower - goldfinches feeding on them
1979 Verytall one blooming E side Tower Rd
1991 Many in clearing E of cabin
1972 Cabin area-slope below

1986 Blossoming & tops bending from height above mine & along lower Tower Rd
     Several plants blooming on Ent Rd about midway-lovely tiny flower & attractive 3
1985 leaves

1992 In cabin area

1982 Blooming-tall-just outside gate E side

1988 Blooming

1992 Near Big Bend area of Yellow Trail
     A creeping D. in flower just E of gate on O Rd, prob the prostrate one (linestum
1988 only & then possibility & unlikely so elim)
1988

1982 On 5 Hr Trail or Trail to tower during WV TNC annual conf.
1986 On W side Coach Rd above PE line-below polypode rock
     Lots of it - not yet in blossom-bluish green foliage destructive-erect-small-
     growing along Yellow Trail as it old reaches Coach Road below M's throne chair
1987 & chestnut area
1991 On Blue Trail returning from NE corner

     Woods behind cabin & along road to Tower-pinkish white-many in blossom-a
     late spring with rue anemones a field of flowers beyond old clearing along road
1975 to spring

1985 Blooming in woods above & below cabin & to N along Spring Road

1986 Ditto

1995 "Old leaves abundant around cabin"

1996 Noted at cabin in fruit only




1978 Along Entrance Road near old spring area
1979 Large clump in swampy area E of Ent Rd, a few with lovely blooms still on

     One blossoming & many small plants covering ground on W side of Ent Rd
1980 below swampy area
     A few blossoming S of sink, W side of Ent Rd-but probably affected by seasonal
1988 drought?
1990 Judy noted iin moist soil along Ent Rd
1992 Along Entrance Road
     Has spread all the way down to White Trail along Ent Rd and almost to Yellow
     Trail upward on rd-Blossoming still early Sept-Sensitive fern too has spread both
     ways from "sink" area but not as profusely (much rain-Spring & late summer this
1992 year)


     On path in woods S of cabin -W of road -discovered by Tessa Cadbury. Marked
1974 with stones, stake, & plastiac marker #
     Has bloomed & multiplied to 4 plants. Also Delmont & U found 3 more clumps at
1974 edge of woods beyond grave.

       Delmont showed me a new colony on left side of path to old lady Gueneviere's
       mt. ash tree. The old colony beyond in woods & the other one at edge of woods
1978   beyond grave are still there & spreading. All had blooms (stalaks remaining)
       Twayblades have spread-one on L's grave & along edge of woods & path-
       clumps on path to spring both sides & one wall clump in sun-photographed the
       Cadbury's there-All clumps flourishing. Also found a clump in old open area
1979   below multi-flora rose W side & Spring Rd!
       Blooming in all the above places & spreading. Delmont has managed to
1980   transplant one to her protected garden & it's blooming!
       Haarvey's pointed out that deer have been uprooting twayblades & eating leaves
       & roots-the original clump almost gone & ones in grave aread damaged. Deer
1981   eating crops this year-over supply!

1981 Found new clumps in woods N of clearing below cabin!
     Original clump gone & one near path to grave damageed by deer but a thriving
1982 large clump at edge of woods S side of grave site

1982 Flowering & many up - both in wood hyacinth circle & in original clump etc.
     First one blooming in the group at top of path to LBZ park-plants up at woods
1984 edge, too.
     Flourishing in grave area & the original site, shows possible come-back after
1986 sev years of no twayblades
     Healthy plant at original site in LBZ woods & amazing spread of healthy plants
     on both sides of road to spring & above the spring itself! This in spite of long
1986 summer drought!

     Four LARGE twayblade plants (much larger blossoms & leaves than those in
     cabin area)-discovered by TNC group McGuire, Stern, Belton, Buzzerd, Harveys
1987 at left edge of Yellow Trail just below where it takes off from Ent Rd
     All dooing weel-spikes showing, many have flowered & a new location
1989 discovered-at Blue Trail exit off a tall volunteer chestnut - N side

1990 Blossoming profusely in LBZ area & at original location & still spreading
     Margaret Bergsdorf & Jim noted 6 or 8 blooming on Spring Path (both sides)
1990 just below cabin.
     Judy found large twayblade blooming on our E road line beyond Rocky Hollow
1990 (??) area
     Judy noted 4 esp healthy twayblades at near Ent Rd at top of Yellow Trail
1990 leading down to Coach Rd & a new one
     The original Tessa Cadbury discovered site of a twayblade has 2 small ones
1991 just coming into bloom as are many in LBZ area
       Two twayblades blossoming at Yellow Trail exit from Ent Rd area & greenbriar
       closing in all around & planst on trail-so cleared greenbrier and re-routed
       obvious passagae to W of original one-toward the drain. I have usually found
       easier when dry-Told H.Harvey of this-no need to change trail marked-
       Twayblades elsewhere late this year but blossoming at original site & in LBZ
1992   area.
       In original site, two plants, one in full bloom. Also several coming up in LBZ
       grave area. Edge of woods & at original site where first discovered by Tessa
1994   Cadbury-plants coming up but not in bloom
       2 more tiny plants near red cedar LBZ area-one blossoming besides larger one
1994   beginning to blossom
       Judy could not locate the larger ones near Ent Rd where Yellow Trail begins
       dessent to Coach Rd(much disturbance of this area by water, ice & snow & tree
1994   branch removal at road sides.

1995 Twayblades blooming at Tessa's site & at LBZ area near woods.
     Many twayblades in full bloom & small ones emerging from earth-spreading-on
     E side of path from cabin to Norway Spruce at LBZ grave. Eight in one group-at
1995 least a dozen more-one in middle of path!

1996 Judy Dumke twayblades in bloom on road above cabin

1996 Many small ones-with flowers waning on path under spruce



     Ident by Delmont H - near bloodroot patch N of cabin noticing leaf differences
     Spring 1975. Twice as tall in fruit as in bloom (white flowers) leaves glaucous
     beneath parted into 2 leaflets-4 sepals, 8 stamens, Rich woods-common every
     county, perennial-fruit pear shaped opens 1/2 way at top upper part forming a
1975 lid.
     Lots of blue-green plants resemble Solomon's red leaves, alt feaves but not in
     bloom-in woods N of trans lines - Roger Stern says either twisted stock or hairy
1988 disporum-but woods unusually moist this year


1973 Path to Tower- showy

1976 Blooming

1980 Blooming along path to Tower & Ent Rd along steep ascent to cabin area

1982 Blooming - Tower Rd

1983 Blooming - tall tho

1986 Blooming beautifully upper Tower Rd-W side

1987 Blooming in clearing E of cabin

1988 Scattered & Blooming along Tower Rd & near cabin-
1990 On White Trail-fire area near quarry

1991 Near cabin (slope below)

1992 Blooming - Tower Rd

1992 Reported on Blue Trail beyond chestnut seedling

1994 Blossoming on Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend

1982 On 5 Hr Trail or Trail to tower during WV TNC annual conf.

1988 Fruiting in old tomato field on O Rd & inside gate on Ent Rd

1989 Lots of it - spreading along Ent Rd E side

1992 At Spring area near beg of Yellow Trail's long descent to Big Bend


1974 Entrance Rd, 8-12 prs tiny leaflets not quite opposite with tendril at end
1988 Only 2 plants above gate on Ent Rd
     Noted it's growing & blooming along edge of O Rd below gate. H Harvey says
1983 road crews spread seeds some time ago
1988 Outside gate W side - along O Rd
1992 Spreading-taking over our roadside below gate & near trans lines
1992 Below gate overwhelming vegetation along O Rd
1994 Spreading overwhelming on O Rd bank
     Crown vetch spreading on O Rd, a pest - county prob entended their broadcast
1995 planting further along Eidolon




1975 Planted one bank opp chestnut

1975 Growing along Entrance Road & in blossom

1986 Blooming along Entrance Road E side above entrance to White Trail

1975 Entrance Rd W bank in bloom
1989 Near gate


1975 Along Ent Rd-hairy leaves-purplish underneath-purple flowers
1982 Blooming in woods near cabin
1986 Blooming under log at Spring & over much of the spring area
     Many healthy plants in various locations with the common blue - LBZ area,
1994 along Ent Rd - Spring area, etc.

     Sunny, shaly locations - on bank S of cabin transplanted by MZ from banks
1982 along Rt. 9 - Blooming in woods near spring
1982 Still blooming in woods N of spring
     Lovely clumps blooming on W side of path to LBZ grave among the still
     blooming moss phlox there - 2 upper petals dark rosy purple, 3 lower one usual
1985 violet blue
     Six little faces peering up just behind jonquil ros on path to LBZ grave suddenly-
1986 moss phlox still blooming above

1986 Many along Blue Trail near newly planted Am chestnuts.

1988 Blossoms over on bank below LBZ grave

     Some of the violets near 3rd chestnut seedling on Blue Trail do not have the 2
     colors in the petals - but leaf is small Note Flora of WV says some are all lilac-
     shade petals. Also on XIX notes this is a shales barren plant. Wildflowers in
1986 Color p 67 states a uniformly pale blue variety is abundant some areas

1992 have just finished blossoming on bank behind cabin along path to LBZ area
     Has blossomed on bank behind cabin but crowded by lespedeza new growth &
     moss pink there during MZ's year of absence. Cleared the oak, cherry seedlings
1994 & other encroaching plants.

1995 Found this just beyond our SW corner on bank along O Rd

1982 Under black oak behind cabin - in bloom
1985 Blooming many areas edge of wood near cabin
1992 On road to tower


1975   Blooming along Ent Rd (a late Spring)
1979   Several blooming on Tower Rd after wet summer
1985   Blooming in mowed area around cabin
1986   Profusely blooming same area


     Very plentiful this year after icy winter-plants everywhere along edges of roads &
     in woods with more light & air-dead trees & branches brought down by ice, etc.
date some removed.
     Blooming on E bank Ent Rd opp upper end of old curve in road take out & now
1986 overgrown


date In woods W of road to Spring near old clearing along with the 3 lobed
1982 In wood N of spring
1985 In pine woods NE of cabin - blooming
     Noted growing on E side of Ent Rd (at edge of road) above gate (near big rock
1987 at top of slope)
1992 On Blue Trail beyond seedling chestnuts near old deer stand

1996 Growing at edge of Yellow Trail between spring & old Duckworth house area
      Blooming along Ent Rd E side near drain pool & below wet sink area beg of goat
 1986 trail
 1990 Near Woodmont Road on line from E up steep slope to NE corner
 1992 Blooming E of cabin near spring path

 1975 Pine woods below cabin E of spring path
      A single blossom noted yesterday on Ent Rd W side at edge-above sink area at
 1990 beg of rise towards first big curve-near clump of 3-lobed violets



 1975 Along Ent Rd (a late Spring)

 1986 In spring path

 1988 Plant fruting outside gate E bank
      Lots of new plants inside W side of gate on bank up towards White Trail. An
 1990 open seed prod on one plant

 1988 Entrance Road

 1994 On Yellow Trail above spring near old Duckworth house area

 1973   In pine woods W of upper road leading to spring- near old clearing
 1975   Also under large power line & N of cabin
 1985   On old upper bend of old Ent Rd
 1986   In woods to SW of cabin near beg of tower road-not yet in blossom
 1987   Along edge of Ent Rd E side near exit to Lady Slipper path
 1990   Blooming W side Ent Rd above White Trail
 1993   Many plants in & along old coach road below large dead Am. Chestnut

 1994 Several plants in pitch pine area near old tomato field along O Rd-not blooming
      A long row of them with a few common blues E side Ent Rd-from app deer bush
 1994 (below White Trail to above White Trail)



 1973 Blooming along path to Tower


 1980 Blooming in mowed area N of cabin

 1974 Throughout woods-road to spring, etc. turning red
       Red in tops of two tall pines below cabin - a threat- also spotted on oak trees
 1979 behind cabin - cut these
       Chocking walnut & pine trees - one walnut trunk strngled by huge ropes of
 1981 creeper-hiding trunk!
1987-8 Everywhere - a pest
1990 Noted on E line near a seep-the spring? Near 2 gums & maple corner)
1992 Cleared roots around cabin area where spreading on all sides




1974 Delmont-climbs high in trees, Harvey

1978 Lots of it in front of cabin in seed-gave seed from Delmont to Jack Barker

1992 Near Cabin
     Lots of it seeding on ground among out-of-control dewberry vines in front of
     cabin-also on Ent Rd, Judas Trees above Big Bend. It & climbing buckwheat
     used yucca, having nothing else to grow upwards on! - cleared the dewberries
1992 out at upper border!

1994 Blossoming on Yellow Trail between Spring & Big Bend
1992 Blossoming and seeding on bank of Ent Rd at bend around cabin


1976 Blooming behind cabin under oak tree
1985 Blooming behind cabin under oak tree
     In old apple orchard area blossoming-also on Tower Rd-transplanted one to
1985 LBZ area near red cedar
     Lovely one blossoming at E edge of Ent Rd above tallest laurel bush opp Triple-
1994 Trees



1972 Red berries on plants in old clearing N of house "dry woods"
     White blossoms - two on tall stem-nodding-woods along Old Copach Rd to
1976 spring
     In pine woods on lower slope NE of cabin on blazed trail to spring-with ground
1978 pine. Berries probably eaten since stalks only remain
     In woods N of cabin at edge of mowed area-also in woods N of power line & W
1979 of Ent Rd
1982 On 5 Hr trail

1984 A lot of it in woods on W side of Ent Rd some still have bloom stalks standing
1985 One with two lovely tall buds on Yellow Trail near S side Ent Rd
     Blossoming along upper Yellow Trail near chestnuts & rocks & along White Trail
1988 below Ent Rd - blooming
     Blossoming in woods along spring path and in LBZ area & E side Ent Rd down
1990 slope towards Coach Rd - also White Trail W side Ent Rd
1990 Near flowing water on E line approaching our corridor to Woodmont Rd
1990 Path for Komaso side (??)
     Many 3-flowered-blooming, some white, some pink on Blue Trail, W side to
1993 seedling chesnut trees.
1995 In bud on Yellow Trail on ascent from Coach Rd to Ent Rd
     On bank of Eidolon along Orleans Road just beginning to blossom-also right
1985 side Spring Rd
1974 Along roads "abundant-edge of lawn-cabin area"
1990
1992 In cabin area


1976 Blooming under oak behind cabin


1978 Blooming under oak behind cabin


1982 Blooming everywhere

     On upper Coach Rd (near branch to Orleans Rd) found several plants with
1983 leaves all purple except for green center veins-see pic in single vol Flora of WV


1988 Behind cabin - creeping
     On path from Ent Rd to Coach Rd blooming - red leaves almost beg as
1984 shamrock
1988 Below cabin
1993 Blooming Ent Rd near Yellow Trail area


1973 Blooming everywhere

1986 Blooming near spring & along spring patch

1988 Near cabin

1988 On Orleans Rd

1994 Blossoming E side Entrance Rd above seep area

1986   Blooming in clumps on area at top of Tower Road
1987   Lovely near Tower
1988   Lovely near Tower, also below cabin
1988   Near Tower, blooming
1988   Blooming under trans lines near O Rd
1995   Common along Yellow Trail and woods along it
1995   Blooming cabin area
1990   On "goat trail" line from NE corner to Woodmont Rd

1992 Planted seedlings Delmont Harvey prepared for me

1992 Flourishing, but appears white, tiny > 1 ft tall
     Along road to Tower/elsewhere. ID as Dioscorea from leaves by George Avery-
1974 AG Res Miami/taxonomist; (not sure of species possibly D. glauca Muhl.)

1985 Interesting dried seed pods found in woods to S of open clearning below cabin
     Vine climbing in woods beyond LBZ "park" in woods beyond spring & along
1990 Tower Rd
     On E line in wood aftr leaving trans lines corner & going to Divelbliss (now
1990 Hovermale) corner
1991 On W line in 1st drain & hedgerow
1994 On O Rd bank below gate
1996 Judy & I found lots of it this & also villosa species, spring area, N of it

1982 On 5 Hr Trail or Trail to tower during WV TNC annual conf.
1988 On O rd near E of old tomato field
     On Coach Rd near junction with Emmert exit road to Orleans Rd- W bank - one
1989 which PE forester Silva pointed out, showing interesting seed pod
1992 Slong stream below spring
1996 Judy Dumke & I saw lots of this behind & N of spring




1973 &
1977 &
 1980Blossoming behind cabin
 1987Beginning to blossom among iris behind cabin
 1988Blooming behind cabin & along roads
 1988Under trans lines near O Rd blooming
 1990Noted back of cabin
 1994Blossoming in front of cabin
     Delmont gave me 4 seedlings-I planted 2 at left side of LBZ grave, one in flower
     bed area near conference area nearby and one next to cabin below window
1992 behind lavatory-also planted wood hyacinth bulbs nearby in corner
     Tiny white blosoms on mine & 7 ft tall at Delmont's plants almost hip high &
1992 Judy took sample for defintive ID - def Artemesia
     Blooming near old Emmert site-below orchard, transplanted to front of cabin
1945 hummingbirds loved it

1975 Still there - flourishing

1978 Seed pods

1979 Seed pods

1980 Blooming just N of cabin steps. Hummingbird flies from lemon lillies to it
     Both sides of cabin steps & opposite them. Also climbs near bavaria apple-old
1981 Emmert house site.
     One yucca at porch steps nearly ready to bloom. Others eaten by hungry deer
1983 this year acc to Harrison Harvey.
     All yuccan except one plant with 1 yr seed pods on it from last year N of cabin
     steps have been eaten down to iris size by d eer. There are 3 plants among the
1985 iris & besides the several near porch steps.

1991 Blossoming profusely at cabin.
  Observer      Determined (ID) by:   Record type      Blooming       Fruiting        Nesting

Mrs. Zapoleon                            observation      Aug-Sept               no


Mrs. Zapoleon                            observation
Mrs. Zapoleon                            observation
                                         observation


                                         observation

                                         observation
                                         observation
                                         observation
                                         observation




Mrs. Zapoleon                            observation     April-May
Mrs. Zapoleon                            observation    March-June
Mrs. Zapoleon

Mrs. Zapoleon
Mrs. Zapoleon                            observation     April-June
Mrs. Zapoleon
Mrs. Zapoleon
  Harvey's                               observation           yes
                   Bruce Griffon         observation           yes
                                                          Aug-Sept

                   Judy Dumke                              Aug-Oct

                                                          Aug-Sept
                                                          Aug-Sept

                   Judy Dumke            observation       Aug-Oct
                                         observation       Aug-Oct
                                         observation     June-Sept
                                         observation       Aug-Oct

                                         observation      July-Sept
                    Bill Grafton         observation       Aug-Oct


                    Bill Grafton         observation      July-Sept
                                         observation       Aug-Nov
                                         observation       Aug-Nov
                   Judy Dumke            observation
                                         observation       Aug-Oct
                        observation         Aug-Nov
                        observation
    Judy Dumke          observation
    Judy Dumke          observation

                        observation         Aug-Oct
                        observation


                        observation         Aug-Oct

                        observation


                        observation


                        observation

                        observation June-Aug

                        observation

                        observation
    Judy Dumke          observation
                        observation
    Judy Dumke          observation June-Aug

                        observation May-June

                        observation April


 Dr. Kenneth Carvelle   observation June-Oct
M/M Davis/Judy Dumke    observation Sept-Aug


                        observation May-July

                        observation

                        observation

                        observation May-Jun/Jul
                        observation
                        observation
    Judy Dumke          observation
    Judy Dumke          observation
    Judy Dumke          observation
      Judy Dumke            observation May-July


Judy Dumke and Tina Hall
     and Chip Brown         observation


                                          May-Aug &
      Judy Dumke            observation   June-Aug
      Judy Dumke            observation   May-Aug
      Judy Dumke            observation
                            observation   June-Aug
       Bill Grafton         observation   May-Sept
                            observation

                            observation


      Judy Dumke            observation
      Judy Dumke            observation May-Sept


                            observation


                            observation


     Rodney Bartgis         observation June-Aug

                            observation April-June
      Judy Dumke            observation
                            observation May-June
                            observation



       Bill Grafton         observation

      Judy Dumke            observation

      Judy Dumke            observation
      Judy Dumke            observation

      Judy Dumke            observation


                            observation July & Aug
                            observation
Judy Dumke/Christine Hall   observation
             observation June-Oct


             observation April-June

             observation May-June

             observation

             observation
             observation

             observation
             observation May-July

             observation May-June
             observation


             observation


Judy Dumke   observation Aug-Sept


 Tina Hall   observation


             observation May-July


             observation March-May


             observation
             observation

             observation
             observation
             observation
             observation

             observation

             observation

             observation
             observation
             observation
                confirmed by Roger ? TNC;
                  also Judy Dumke and
                       Christine Hall       observation May-July


                                            observation June-July
                       Bill Grafton         observation May-Sept
                                            observation
                       Judy Dumke           observation April-July
                        Bill Grafton        observation
                   Dr. Kenneth Cowell       observation
                       Judy Dumke           observation
                       Judy Dumke           observation
                       Judy Dumke           observation
                       Judy Dumke           observation

                                            observation April-July
                      Judy Dumke            observation May-Sept
Mrs. Zapoleon                               observation May-June

                                            observation May

                                            observation
                       Bill Grafton         observation

                                            observation
                                            observation
                                            observation
                      Judy Dumke            observation July-Ssept
                      Judy Dumke            observation Aug-Sept
                      Judy Dumke            observation
                                            observation
                      Judy Dumke            observation
                      Judy Dumke            observation




                                            observation Aug-Oct

                                            observation July-Sept
                                            observation
                observation May-July

                observation

Judy Dumke      observation
                observation
                observation
                observation




                observation Aug-Sept
                observation

                observation
 Bill Grafton   observation July-Sept
Judy Dumke      observation

Judy Dumke      observation
 Bill Grafton   observation July-Sept
                observation

Judy Dumke      observation July-Sept




                observation July-Oct
                observation
                observation


                observation
                observation
Judy Dumke      observation
Judy Dumke      observation




                            Aug-
                observation Sept/Oct
                observation Aug-Sept
                observation Aug-Oct
Judy Dumke      observation
                         observation June-Oct

                         observation
    Judy Dumke           observation
    Judy Dumke           observation
    Judy Dumke           observation
                         observation




    Judy Dumke           observation June-Aug
                         observation May-Sept




                         observation
                         observation June-Aug

                         observation

                         observation

Chip Brown/Dr. Carvell   observation
     Judy Dumke          observation

    Judy Dumke           observation May-July

    Judy Dumke           observation


    Judy Dumke           observation April-June

     Bill Grafton        observation June-Sept
                         observation July-Nov

                         observation
    Judy Dumke           observation




    Judy Dumke           observation
                         observation April-July
                          observation

                          observation
                          observation
 Mrs. Zapoloen; Emily
 Bell/confirmed by Bill
        Grafton           observation June-Sept
      Judy Dumke          observation June-Sept

     Judy Dumke           observation March-June




                                        June-Oct




     Judy Dumke                         March-April




Judy Dumke & Christina
        Hall                            April-June




     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke
      Bill Grafton                      May-Aug

     Judy Dumke                         April-June
Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke     July-Sept
 Dr. Carvell
Judy Dumke

               April-June

               May-Oct

               April -Oct




Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke



               May-Oct




Judy Dumke     May-Sept
               May-Sept

               May-Sept

               May-Oct




               April-May

Judy Dumke     March-April
     Bill Grafton




    Judy Dumke




                        April-June

                        May-Sept




    Judy Dumke



                        March-May




Margaret Begersdorfer

    Judy Dumke


    Judy Dumke

                        May-Sept


                        May-Sept




                        March-May
                           April-Aug




      Judy Dumke           April-May
      Judy Dumke           May-June
      Judy Dumke


      Judy Dumke           April-June

George Avery,taxonomist    Aug-Sept

      Bill Grafton




      Judy Dumke

                           May-Sept
George Avery, taxonomist
     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke




      Judy Dumke




                           Jan-Dec
  Dr. Kenneth Carvell



                           June-July
                          May-June




                          April-June




      Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke & Trina Hall


                          May-June


     Judy Dumke




      Bill Grafton

     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke
      Dr. Carvell
     Judy Dumke
               May-June


Bill Grafton   May-July



Bill Grafton



Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke


               April-May


               June-July




  E. May       June-Oct



Bill Grafton



Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

               July-Sept
             June-Aug

             April-Aug




Judy Dumke




             July-Aug
MZ                Aut-Sept


     Judy Dumke   July-Aug
     Judy Dumke   June-Nov


     Judy Dumke

                  May-June

     Judy Dumke

     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke


     Judy Dumke




                  April-July




                  July-Aug
Chip Brown/Mrs. Kenneth
        Carvell




    Harrison Harvey




    Harrison Harvey


    Harrison Harvey


     Judy Dumke

     Judy Dumke

                          July-Sept
                            April-July




 Bill Grafton/Judy Demke    June-July
        Judy Dumke


Mark Scott/H Haarvey & MZ
      Judy Dumke

      Judy Dumke


      Judy Dumke
      Judy Dumke            July-Sept
      Judy Dumke

     Rodney Bartgis         April-July




      Judy Dumke


                            Aug-Sept
                      June-Nov
   Judy Dumke         Aug-Oct
Dr. Kenneth Carvel

   Judy Dumke         July-Sept

   Judy Dumke

   Judy Dumke
                      Aug-Oct
                      July-Sept
                      July-Nov




                      Aug-Oct


Dr. Kenneth Carvell


   Judy Dumke         Aug-Oct


     Tina Hall

                      July-Sept

   Judy Dumke         Aug-Nov
   Judy Dumke

    Bill Grafton      Aug-Oct



Dr. Kenneth Carvell

                      Aug-Oct

   Judy Dumke         July-Oct

   Judy Dumke

   Judy Dumke
   Judy Dumke         April-June
   Judy Dumke         June-Oct
Judy Dumke   June-Oct


             May-June:
             fruit Aug-Sep
             April-June:
             fruit-Aug



             May-June:
             fruit:Sep/Oct


Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
             May-June:
             fruit:Oct/Nov

Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke   July-Oct
   Judy Dumke



    Bill Grafton      April-June
Dr. Kenneth Carvell

                      May-July


                      July-Aug




   Judy Dumke

   Judy Dumke
                      Aug-Oct


                      June-July


                      July-Sept
   Judy Dumke




    Bill Grafton      April-May
    Bill Grafton      March-May




   Judy Dumke




                      May/June -
                      Oct
Judy Dumke      June-July
 Bill Grafton   July-Sept


Judy Dumke


                June-July
Judy Dumke




                May-June




Judy Dumke
 Bill Grafton   July-Aug
Judy Dumke      June-Oct




Roger Server    April




Judy Dumke      June-Nov




                Aug-Oct
                      April-June




                      May-June




   Judy Dumke         May-June


Dr. Kenneth Carvell   June-Aug


   Judy Dumke


                      June-Aug



  Rodney Bartgis




   Judy Dumke
Bill Grafton   July-Nov

Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke




               June-Sep

Bill Grafton

Judy Dumke




               May-July
Judy Dumke



Judy Dumke     Aug-Sept



               Aug-Sept

Judy Dumke
                        July-Sept

          Judy Dumke    July-Sept

          Dr. Carvell

          Judy Dumke




                        July-Sept




          Judy Dumke    June-Oct




                        May-June




                        April-June




Harveys
Lena Kidwell   June-Oct
Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke     July-Aug




               June




               May-July




Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke



Judy Dumke
                         June-Sept




     Judy Dumke          July-Oct

                         Aug-Sept


                         Aug-Sept

Jack & Tessa Cadbury




     Bill Grafton        May-July




     Judy Dumke          May-July


Judy Dumke & Christina
        Hall
     Judy Dumke


                           May




     Judy Dumke

                           June-Aug



     Judy Dumke

     Judy Dumke            June-Aug




Tina Hall & Mark Scott &
      Chip Brown

     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke            June-Aug
Bill Grafton



Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
    MZ


               July-Aug
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke




               May


               April-May




               July-Sept
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
 Dr. Carvell
Judy Dumke     June-Sept




Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke



Judy Dumke


Judy Dumke     May-June
               June-Sept

Judy Dumke     June-July
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke




               July-Sept




               August
   Judy Dumke
   Judy Dumke
   Judy Dumke         July-Sept

    Bill Grafton      July-Sept

   Judy Dumke




                      July-Sept
    Judy Dumke
Dr. Kenneth Carvell




                      June-Sept




    Bill Grafton

   Judy Dumke


   Judy Dumke
   Judy Dumke
   Judy Dumke



   Judy Dumke

Judith Doty Dumke     July-Sept
     Judy Dumke




                         June-Oct
                         until frost


                         April-June



     Bill Grafton




  Dr. Kenneth Carvell
Judy Dumke & Tina Hall
Judy Dumke & Tina Hall
                         May-Aug

     Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke      July-Sept
Judy Dumke      July-Aug

Judy Dumke      May-Sept
Judy Dumke      July-Oct


                July-Sept


Judy Dumke
 Bill Grafton   June-Aug
Judy Dumke
                July-Sept


Judy Dumke



                April-May




Judy Dumke      June-Aug




                July-Sept




Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke




             April-June




             July-Oct




             April-June
     Judy Dumke




     Judy Dumke




     Judy Dumke



      Bill Grafton
  Dr. Kenneth Carvell

     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke




                         May-Aug




     Judy Dumke



     Judy Dumke




     Judy Dumke          May-June
Judy Dumke & Tina Hall
                      May-July




   Judy Dumke
   Judy Dumke

   Judy Dumke


   Judy Dumke         July-Aug

    Judy Dumke        July-Aug
Dr. Kenneth Carvell
    Judy Dumke




Dr. Kenneth Carvell



    Bill Grafton




   Judy Dumke



   Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke           June-Sept

     Judy Dumke
                          March-July

                          April-Nov

     Judy Dumke

     Judy Dumke


                          May-Sept
     Judy Dumke



                          July-Sept




     Judy Dumke

     Judy Dumke
George Avery/Everglades
       Nat'l Park         July-Oct




                          June-Sept
 Delmont

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke


             April-May

Judy Dumke


             April-June



Judy Dumke



Judy Dumke   April-May



Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke


             April-May

Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke   July-Oct
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke


Judy Dumke



             May-July &
             April-Aug



Judy Dumke




             May-June
      Judy Dumke

                            May-July




Delmont & Harvey Harrison   June-Aug




      Judy Dumke

                            Aug-Oct

      Judy Dumke

      Judy Dumke



                            May-Sept




      Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke




             May-Sept



Judy Dumke   April-July

Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke



Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke
               May-June




               June-Sept

Judy Dumke     June-Sept
               May-July
Judy Dumke




George Avery   May-Oct

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke     July-Sept




               Jan-Dec

               May-June



               April-June
Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke     July-Sept
Dr. Kenneth Carvell
    Judy Dumke         July-Aug



Dr. Kenneth Carvell

   Judy Dumke          July-Sept




                       June-Oct




                       June-Sept



   Judy Dumke

   Judy Dumke

   Judy Dumke
                       June-Aug
   Judy Dumke
   Judy Dumke
   Judy Dumke


Emily & Bill Grafton   June-July




    Bill Grafton
Judy Dumke     June-Sept



Judy Dumke




Bill Grafton




Bill Grafton
     Judy Dumke




                         May-Sept
     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke

                         May-Nov




     Judy Dumke          Aug-Oct




     Judy Dumke



                         May-Aug
     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke
     Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke & Tina Hall
     Judy Dumke
 Judy Dumke



                 March-May




 Judy Dumke




                 May-Aug




 Judy Dumke
 Judy Dumke
 Judy Dumke




                 June-July

 Bill Grafton
Rodney Bartgis


 Judy Dumke



 Judy Dumke


 Judy Dumke
                March-May


 Bill Grafton   June-Nov
Judy Dumke
 Bill Grafton   May-Oct


                July-Oct


Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke
 Bill Grafton   July-Oct
Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke      March-July

                May-June




Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke
                          April-June
Roger Sterie, TNC Field
      Office adv.         April-Oct

     Judy Dumke




                          April-June




                          June-July




                          July-Oct

     Judy Dumke           Aug-Sept

     Judy Dumke

                          July-Oct
      Bill Grafton
             May-June




             May-Oct
Judy Dumke


             May-Oct




Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke




             June-Aug



Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke




             July-Nov
               July-Sept

               Aug-Sept

               July-Aug

Judy Dumke

               July-Sept

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke

Bill Grafton
Roger Stern    April-July


Roger Stern
Judy Dumke



               April-May




Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke




               June-Oct




Judy Dumke
Tessa Cadbury   May-July




 Judy Dumke
             April-May


             May-July


             May-August




Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke



Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke

Bill Grafton   June-Sept

Judy Dumke



Judy Dumke


               May-Sept
Judy Dumke

               June-Aug
Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke




               May-Oct



               April-May




               April-June
Judy Dumke

             April-July

Judy Dumke


             April-May




             April-May




Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke   May-June
             April-May

             April-June
Judy Dumke


             May-June




             April-May



Judy Dumke



Judy Dumke   April-May

Judy Dumke

             April-May




             June-Sept




             July
Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke




Judy Dumke



               March-June


               April-May




               June-July




Bill Grafton




Judy Dumke


Judy Dumke



Judy Dumke

               April-June
             June-Sept
Judy Dumke
Judy Dumke


             April-Nov




             June-Sept




             May-Oct




Judy Dumke



             May-Oct


Judy Dumke

Judy Dumke



             June-Sept
   George Avery




    Judy Dumke

    Judy Dumke


     Bill Grafton      June-July
    Judy Dumke


Judy Dumke/Tina Hall
    Judy Dumke




                       June-Nov

    Judy Dumke
    Judy Dumke
    Judy Dumke




                       June-Sept
Sex   Age   Latitude   Longitude
Family   Genus   Species   Subspecies
                                    State RankCommon Name
                                                      County   Location             Site
                                                                          Nearest Town
Day   Month   Year        DeterminedSource/ Reference
                     Observer        (ID) by:                       B
                                                  CommentsRecord type looming Fruiting
Nesting   Sex   Age   Latitude   Longitude

				
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posted:3/15/2011
language:English
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