Air Force Transformation (PDF) by ps94506

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air force center for environmental excellence | Brooks city-Base, texas   Winter 2006-2007 | Vol. 2, no. 4

 Work is
 completed on

 runway repair
 project at Hill air force Base, UtaH

                                                                               Winter 2006-2007 | 

                                    (courtesy photo)
                                    employees with afcee contractor innovative technical solutions,
                                    inc., make repairs on the 3,500-foot runway at Hill air force Base,
                                    Utah, while an f-6 fighter jet roars overhead see story on page 7.

  editorial Staff
  Paul A. Parker, P.E., director
  Col. Richard Bartholomew., executive director
  Edward Noack, director, Financial Management
                     and Mission Support Directorate
  Michael Hawkins, chief, Multimedia and Public Affairs
  Gil Dominguez, editor
  Margaret Moore, photo and graphics support

  Editorial office:
  HQ AFCEE/MSP, 3300 Sidney Brooks,
  Brooks City-Base, Texas 78235.
  Telephone: (210) 536-4228;
  DSN 240-4228;
  fax (210) 536-5256.
  Visit CenterViews on the Web at

  CenterViews is published quarterly as a funded
  newspaper by the Multimedia and Public Affairs
  Division, Air Force Center for Environmental
  Excellence, Brooks City-Base, Texas. It is an
  authorized publication for members of the U.S.
  military services. Contents of CenterViews are
  not necessarily the official views of or endorsed
  by the U.S. government, the Department of
  Defense or the Department of the Air Force.
  Reference to any commercial product or firm
  does not imply endorsement by the U.S.
  government or any of its agencies. All pictures
  appearing in CenterViews are U.S. Air Force
  photos unless otherwise noted. Readers are
  invited to submit articles, photographs and other
  items for publication. All material, however, will
  be edited to conform to the standards set forth in
  Air Force Instruction 35-301 and the Associated
  Press Stylebook and Libel Manual.

  Suggestions and criticisms are also welcome.

i i | c enterViews
winter 2006-2007
04 | View from the center
	    Change	for	the	Better

To p S t o r i e s
05 | air force transformation changing afcee
	    	 enter	readies	itself	to	accept	new	role	as	manager	of	Air	Force’s	
     capital	investment	programs

07 | $0 million runway project completed at Hill
     Work	will	make	flight	operations	safer
09 | joint army-air force eye clinic taking shape at lackland
     	 acility	will	provide	LASIK	and	PRK	procedures	for	more	than		
     2,000	service	members	annually

11 | Beale has one of the largest remediation systems in the West
	    Enhanced	bioremediation	used	to	treat	contaminated	groundwater	

12 | Western reo helps negotiate water deal for reserve base
	    Agreement	with	regulators	results	in	$100,000	a	year	in	cost	savings

26 | afcee Wrap-up
	    Events	in	2006	that	made	the	pages	of	CenterViews	                                            16

15 | Housing
16 | iraq Update
23 | around the air force
29 | center stage


                                                                            W i n t e r 2 00 6 - 2 0 0 7 | i i i
View from the center

 cHange for tHe Better

                ir Force Chief of Staff Gen. T. Michael Moseley
                has often pointed out in many of his speeches
                that when he came into the Air Force 30 years
                ago the average aircraft age was eight years.
 Today it’s almost 28 years. We have young men and women
 flying the same airplanes that their fathers flew!
     The bottom line is that the Air Force needs to free up
 resources in order to maintain our war-fighting capabilities,                           afcee director paul parker
 to continue to develop and care for our airmen and to
                                                                   freedom to express his or her point of view. The structure
 recapitalize and modernize our aging aircraft and equipment.
                                                                   would then study those opinions and recommendations and
 We had hoped to do that by closing some installations during
                                                                   make the decisions that impact the everyday work we do.
 the last Base Realignment and Closure round. But we didn’t.
                                                                       All of this doesn’t happen overnight, and whatever
     The Air Force didn’t get all that it wanted also from the
                                                                   structure we put in place has to be flexible enough to make
 last Quadrennial Defense Review, and Budget Proposal 720
                                                                   course corrections as we go along. Putting it in “Parker’s
 called for a reduction of over 30,000 in the active-duty Air
                                                                   terms,” I think what this means is that as we become more
 Force ranks. These cuts will run across all career fields.
                                                                   “process-centric,” we have to try to find a way to put
     So how do we respond to those kinds of numbers? How
                                                                   consistency, discipline, responsiveness and accountability in
 do we make sure they don’t hamper the war-fighting
                                                                   everything that we do. If we do that, then we don’t become
 mission and capabilities of the commander in the field and
                                                                   1-800-Civil Engineering or 1-800-AFCEE, where you call in to
 his or her troops?
                                                                   some elaborate phone system that frustrates all of us today
     These reductions, in both the military and civilian sides,
                                                                   and you never get a real human being.
 mean that commanders are not going to have the resources
                                                                              I think that’s the challenge for all of us as we
 they need to manage their entire programs. So we have to see
                                                                   go down this path of centralizing the management of
 if some aspects of those programs can be best run somewhere
                                                                   environmental restoration, military family housing
 else, if they lend themselves better to centralization.
                                                                   construction and traditional design and construction
     Many of us who have been in the Air Force for a while
                                                                   at AFCEE. How do we do this such that we can still be
 have watched decentralization come and go. Throughout my
                                                                   accountable to the people we serve everyday? That, indeed,
 career I have seen efforts stumble and fall. But there are also
                                                                   is the challenge.
 those who say that the technology and other things we have
                                                                       To quote General Eulberg: ”We are experiencing
 in place provide higher levels of knowledge, understanding
                                                                   unprecedented change, at an unprecedented rate and that
 and service – all with less people.
                                                                   requires an unprecedented response.”
            Centralization is now taking place across the
                                                                       So I think the questions we all need to be asking ourselves
 government, whether it’s at the personnel center, the defense
                                                                   are: “How will I respond and act personally? What can I do
 finance and accounting system or elsewhere. It’s an effort
                                                                   to make an impact, to make it successful?” It’s either that or
 that makes use of technology, organizational efficiencies and
                                                                   we can be like Chicken Little, crying “Woe is me! The sky is
 process efficiencies as answers to declining personnel levels.
                                                                   falling! The sky is falling!”
     At the heart of the debate is how to learn the lessons
                                                                       But that is not what we in civil engineering do! We do not
 of the efforts that got off to a rough start and ensure that
                                                                   accept failure and we always find a way to make it work or
 doesn’t happen to us. I would argue that we need to make
                                                                   make it better.
 sure that we have a governance structure and a strategic
                                                                       I think that for most of us at AFCEE and in civil
 communications plan in place. Maj. Gen. Del Eulberg, the
                                                                   engineering organizations around the world the choice is
 Air Force Civil Engineer, has proposed a decision-making
                                                                   clear. As we have done in the past, we will lean forward
 and oversight structure that involves everyone. That doesn’t
                                                                   in the saddle, we will set the example for the rest of the Air
 mean everyone has to agree, it doesn’t mean consensus.
                                                                   Force and we will provide the unprecedented response. q
     What it does mean is that everyone from base level, to the
                                                                       See related story on page 5.
 major commands, to AFCEE and the Air Force Civil Engineer
 Support Agency and all the way up to Air Staff has the

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                                                                                                                  to p s t o r i e s

Air Force Transformation
changing aFCee
                                                                     By gil dominguez

    Paul Parker, AFCEE director, said Air Force transformation     execute their cleanup programs. In addition to AFCEE, other
is bringing about more changes in the civil engineer career        execution agents include the Army Corps of Engineers and
field than he has ever seen before in his almost thirty years of   the Naval Facilities Engineering Command, or NAVFAC.
government service.                                                   In its role as the Air Force program manager, AFCEE
    Along with the rest of the Department of Defense, the Air      will do everything from contract award to cradle-to-
Force is being trimmed into a more effective and efficient         grave management of remediation systems. But Mr. Faile
fighting force.                                                    emphasized that the Center will respect relationships the
    AFCEE is directly impacted by transformation because the       bases may have established with other agencies, “if they
field-operating agency has been designated as the manager          are working.”
for the Air Force’s capital investment programs, namely               Additionally, AFCEE in concert with the installations
environmental restoration, military construction and               will develop restoration execution strategies, manage
family housing.                                                    project funds and compile the metrics and reports for Air
   Ironically, Mr. Parker said he, like many others in civil       Staff that show how the Air Force is doing in meeting its
engineering, had long opposed centralization. “We became           restoration goals.
real proponents of decentralization because we believed that           At present, the ERA PMO is composed of a staff of one:
you give commanders in the field the resources they need           interim director Dale Clark.
to make the decisions that affect the Air Force mission. In            “We’re at the very, very beginning,” he said. “This office
short, we didn’t look favorably on centralization because          is one of the very first parts of the AFCEE transformation
we like the freedom that decentralization gives to                 to be staffed because it has early-on responsibilities. We’re
base-level leadership.”                                            standing up the structure and developing and testing new
   But now, because of the looming changes in the Air Force,       processes that we’ll use in the new organization.”
he and other senior-level officials have made “a 180-degree            Funds for Air Force ERA projects will come through
turn and have to learn how to manage the centralization            AFCEE and then out to the execution agent.
effort,” the director said.                                            The PMO will determine, also, the “best way forward for
   For AFCEE, centralization means a gain of about 130             a base or group of bases,” Mr. Clark said. “We will develop
persons as the work that used to be done at the major              execution strategies, but the awarding of contracts and task
commands shifts to the Center.                                     orders would be done by the execution agency, whether it’s
   AFCEE itself is transforming. The changes include creating      AFCEE, the Corps or others.”
new organizations to handle the added responsibilities. Two            He added that, “in the future, as the PMO gains more
program management offices, or PMOs, are being stood up            responsibility for the program, it might make more sense to
to oversee environmental restoration and military and family       organize geographically and do contracts for bases across
housing construction.                                              states or regions.”
   An Environmental Restoration Account PMO will focus                 In a state such as Florida, for example, which has four
on the Air Force’s environmental remediation efforts. “We          installations clustered in its panhandle area, one remediation
are going to assume many, if not most of the responsibilities      contract might be sufficient, instead of four separate ones,
the major commands had for managing their programs,”               with one program manager overseeing the work at all four.
said Marty Faile, acting director of the Technical Directorate,        Mr. Clark expects his PMO to experience growing pains
which provides technical support to AFCEE’s environmental          “because we’re taking on responsibilities that have been
program. “The only exceptions are the Air Force Reserve            managed by the MAJCOMs (major commands) in the past.
Command and the Air National Guard.”                               We’ll be growing and learning, using best practices from the
   One of the responsibilities the PMO is assuming is              past as we organize for the future and finding new ways to
working with the installations to select the agent that will       accomplish them within a slimmed-down organization.”

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     The major commands and bases, however, will continue to         The major commands and bases still will program,
 have an important role in the restoration program, ensuring      prioritize and advocate for their projects and submit them for
 that the remediation work meets their requirements and           funding as they always have, he said. Now, however, once
 agrees with their base master plans.                             a project is appropriated by Congress, Air Staff will work
     Mr. Faile said that another major change for the Air Force   directly with AFCEE to issue design instructions and “get the
 is the concept of a “governance structure,” a body that will     project moving.”
 speak with one voice concerning the service’s environmental         “We’ll keep the major commands and bases informed on
 restoration program.                                             the status and progress of the project and make sure there is
     The major commands now run their programs in their           visibility at all levels,” said Mr. Escude.
 own way to some extent, he said. Some are very centralized          For other military construction, the Center will oversee
 while others are decentralized, with programs being              the work done by the Corps or NAVFAC and will be the
 managed at the installation level.                               executive agent for approximately 10 percent of Air Force
     “When we assume the responsibility (for the entire           military construction, as it is now.
 Air Force program), we’re going to get a lot of apples and          To assist in the oversight and management of these
 oranges,” Mr. Faile said. “We have to bring them in and          programs, AFCEE will create Regional Management Offices,
 manage (the programs) in a similar way while not breaking        or RMOs, at Ramstein Air Base, Germany; Hickam Air Force
 things that work for each major command. So as we                Base, Hawaii; and here at Brooks-City Base.
 transition and assimilate those (programs) there’ll be              Mr. Escude added that it will be more efficient having one
 some changes.”                                                   manager for the entire program.
    The governance structure, which has also been referred to        Centralized management will make it easier, also, to
 as a corporate or advisory board, will have representatives      move funds between projects, from one that is “cash rich”
 from the major commands, the ERA PMO and Air Staff and           to another that may be having budget problems, said
 will be chaired by the Air Force Civil Engineer.                 Mr. Escude.
    “AFCEE will prepare a program each year and send it              Technical reach-back support for the MILCON PMO will
 to the corporate board for finalizing before presenting it to    be provided largely by the Built Infrastructure Division staff
 the Air Force Civil Engineer for the final go-ahead” of the      headed by Gene Mesick.
 proposed restoration projects and execution strategy, Mr.           His organization will assist with “guidance for the design
 Faile explained.                                                 and construction process, from cradle to grave,” he said.
    This process, he said, “will give the Air Force a single         Mr. Mesick said his organization’s role will be expanded
 place where the whole program is looked at and reviewed          under transformation, with emphasis placed on the areas
 and approved. It adds consistency and integrity to the           of process improvement, practical assistance to program
 program. We’ll have commonality and decision-making              managers and training tools.
 that will apply to all installations. So over time the major        “We’ll be driving more toward private-sector models in
 command programs will become more of an Air                      the way we do business,” he said, “with the goal of building
 Force program.”                                                  high-quality facilities in shorter timeframes.”
    AFCEE officials said the ERA PMO will be able to draw            Mr. Mesick added that although the public and private
 from the expertise available in the Technical Directorate        sectors “work within different environments with different
 – what they call “technical reach-back” – to get ideas           constraints,” there is still much that can be learned from the
 on what remedies would be best for a particular                  practices of the commercial building industry.
 environmental problem.                                              “We hope to have more forums with the private sector,
    The other new organization is the MILCON PMO. It will         and we can learn also from our partners in the Army and
 be responsible for the design and construction management        Navy who have many initiatives to improve their processes,”
 work previously done by the major commands.                      he said. q
    Stephen Escude, the PMO’s interim chief, said the
 organization will manage all capital improvement programs,
 which include military construction and housing.

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$0 million
                      runway project completed at Hill
   AFCEE and its prime contractor Innovative Technical                              About 80,000 aircraft operations take place every year at
Solutions, Inc., have completed a $10 million runway repair                      the northern Utah base, home to the 388th and 419th fighter
project at Hill Air Force Base, Utah.                                            wings. The installation is a test site, also, for repaired F-16,
   The work involved replacing deteriorating touchdown                           A-10 and C-130 aircraft.
panels and asphalt on the Air Force Materiel Command                                Hill civil engineering officials said the project was
installation’s 13,500-foot runway.                                               necessary because the runway’s deteriorating condition was
                                                                                 inflicting foreign-object damage to aircraft.

the flying mission doesn’t stop as workers with afcee contractor innovative
technical solutions, inc., remove deteriorating concrete touchdown panels from
the runway at Hill air force Base, Utah.
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    FOD is caused by runway debris or other material caught       a width of 195 feet. After the cold milling, crews placed about
 up by engine intake and other air currents produced by           77,000 tons of new asphalt on the runway.
 operating airplanes. FOD poses a danger to aircraft systems,        In order to meet the aggressive schedule, the concrete and
 weapons and personnel.                                           asphalt paving crews ran six days a week, while concrete
    The project was the work of construction contractor ITSI      grooving, paint and rubber-removal crews ran day and
 under AFCEE’s Worldwide Environmental Restoration and            night shifts, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, to
 Construction contract with CH2M Hill serving as the Title II     optimize efficiency.
 oversight (quality assurance) contractor.                           With concrete coming in and material going out for
    The repairs were divided into three phases. In the first      recycling, Hill Air Force Base Security Forces had to expand
 two phases, ITSI and its subcontractors replaced 81              their operations as more than 1,000 truckloads of concrete
 deteriorating concrete touchdown panels, even as full flight     and 3,200 truckloads of asphalt materials went in and out of
 operations continued.                                            the base.
    In the first phase more than 2,400 cubic yards of concrete       Although construction went on around-the-clock and
 were placed as new panels were cut, transverse grooved           extreme weather conditions ranged from snow to triple
 to improve friction and finished. In the second phase, 65        digit temperatures, no accidents or injuries were incurred,
                                                                  said officials.
               Although construction                                 Quality control was conducted during all paving
                                                                  operations, including using mobile and stationary
           went on around-the-clock and                           laboratories to expedite turnaround times on raw materials
            extreme weather conditions                            and completed surfaces to keep up with the daily pace of the
          ranged from snow to triple digit                        paving crews.
                                                                     Additionally, in order to provide accurate and up-to-
            temperatures, no accidents                            the minute daily project progress status, ITSI launched a
             or injuries were incurred.                           Web-based project management portal, which complied
                                                                  with AFCEE’s requirement that the contractor facilitate
 concrete panels were removed and an additional 160 were          communication between people working in the field, Hill Air
 installed to extend the runway touchdown area by 500 linear      Force Base personnel and the Center.
 feet. This phase included, also, transverse grooving of the         The Web portal provided 24-hour secured access to project
 new and existing concrete areas covering 30,000 square           management functions and schedules, quality assurance
 feet. About 6,900 cubic yards of concrete were placed during     and control documentation, correspondence for review and
 this phase.                                                      approval and daily progress submittals and photographs
    With summer daytime temperatures exceeding 100                critical for meeting the aggressive schedule and demands for
 degrees, concrete crews had to begin their work at 1 a.m.        live-time decisions.
 throughout this phase. Despite these conditions, the                The first three project phases were completed on schedule.
 contractor finished the phase on schedule. It took 53 calendar   During the 2006 construction season, repairs were done
 days to complete, including 28 days for the newly placed         to two additional taxiways so that the overall project was
 concrete to cure.                                                finished on schedule and within budget.
    Replacing of asphalt was done during the third phase             Weekly progress meeting and briefings ensured that
 and required the runway to be shut down for 40 days, with        tasks were completed efficiently and on time. Due mostly to
 the two fighter wings and support personnel temporarily          the efficiency of the project team involved, several changes
 relocating to other facilities, including the nearby Salt Lake   valued at more than $1.5 million were made with no increase
 City International Airport.                                      in the project schedule or budget, AFCEE officials said.
    Approximately 38,000 cubic yards of asphalt were cold            They credited the project’s success to the coordination
 milled – removed to a desired depth – and temporarily            and cooperation of all the involved parties, including the
 stockpiled onsite. This operation removed six inches of          contractors, Hill Air Force Base personnel, project manager
 existing pavement the entire length of the asphalt runway by     Rhonda Hampton and contract specialist Harvey Browder. q

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Joint Army-Air Force eye clinic
                                       taking shape at Lackland
   A new eye clinic that will serve both Army and Air Force     areas and suites where the procedures will be conducted.
personnel is being constructed at Wilford Hall Medical             The facility will receive new interior finishes and window
Center on Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.                       systems will be upgraded to meet anti-terrorism and force
   After it is completed in late summer 2007, the Joint U.S.    protection requirements. The facility will be provided also
Air Force and U.S. Army Warfighter Refractive Surgery           with a new standing seam metal roof and exterior grading
Center is expected to provide LASIK and PRK procedures to       and landscaping, said Major Anderson.
more than 2,000 service members annually.                          The joint clinic is just another phase of what has been a
   The $2.1 million project involves renovating the existing    long history of cooperation between Wilford Hall and Brooke
9,200 square-foot Wilford Hall Medical Center Wellness          Army Medical Center at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, said
Clinic, “to meet all requirements for medical facility          AFCEE officials.
operations,” said Maj. Dennis Anderson, Wilford Hall               The current Refractive Surgery Center at the Air Force
Medical Center facility manager.                                hospital has been conducting procedures for roughly 300

                                                                                       Workers begin the initial demolition that will
                                                                                       transform the Wilford Hall medical center
                                                                                       Wellness clinic at lackland air force Base,
                                                                                       texas, into the joint U.s. air force and U.s. army
                                                                                       Warfighter refractive surgery center.
                                                                                       (courtesy photo)

                                                                                        Army personnel annually, with pre-
                                                                                        and post-operative visits taking place
                                                                                        at BAMC. The Air Force has provided
                                                                                        this service to Army members as
                                                                                        an unwritten agreement for giving
                                                                                        Air Force members access to similar
                                                                                        treatment at the Landstuhl Refractive
                                                                                        Surgery Center in Landstuhl,
                                                                                        Germany, said Wilford Hall officials.
                                                                                            In addition, the joint Wilford Hall
                                                                                        and BAMC ophthalmology residency
   The task order for the eye center’s construction was         program is considered one of the best in the nation.
awarded to Earth Tech, Inc., by the Built Infrastructure           Both services have brought resources to the table. The
Division (Medical Services) of AFCEE’s Technical Directorate.   Army provided $1 million toward the facility’s renovation
   In the initial work phase, the contractor will demolish      and will fund each Army member’s complete laser treatment
the interior walls and other structures and clean up a small    to include pre- and post-operative visits. The Air Force, in
amount of mold that has developed because of moisture.          turn, is providing the existing facility. It also has funded
After that, the new walls will be constructed to create the     the remainder of the renovation costs; $1.1 million in laser

                                                                                                           Winter 2006-2007 | 
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equipment; $1.8 million in personnel costs; and $1 million in       The joint facility will be dedicated to performing
furnishings and other related equipment and automation.          procedures while the existing Refractive Center inside
   “This cooperative effort will produce a state-of-the-art      Wilford Hall will be used for all pre- and post-operative visits.
LASIK/PRK eye clinic serving both Army and Air Force             This effort eliminates the duplication of medical facility space,
personnel while at the same time increasing collaboration        staffs, equipment and supplies between the two services, the
between the two medical treatment facilities,” said Lt. Col.     colonel said.
(Dr.) Charles Reilly, chief of cornea/external disease and          The concept of a joint refractive center is in line, also,
refractive surgery and chief of the new joint center.            with the latest base realignment and closure requirements
   LASIK, or laser assisted in-situ keratomileusis, and PRK,     for consolidation of the majority of ophthalmology assets to
which stands for photorefractive keratectomy, are surgical       Lackland by 2011, hospital officials said.
procedures in which the eye surgeon uses a very precise laser       Hospital and Earth Tech officials said they expect no
to reshape the corneas of a patient’s eyes. These procedures     adverse impact on ophthalmology services during the joint
may be used to treat myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia         center’s construction, which will require only a five-day
(farsightedness) or astigmatism.                                 interruption in LASIK and PRK procedures at Wilford Hall.
   Colonel Reilly said that about 1,000 Air Force members           “It is a great feeling to be a part of a program that provides
have undergone procedures at Wilford Hall each year. With        so much to our military members in return for their service
the new facility renovations the number of patients will         at home and abroad,” said AFCEE project manager
increase from 1,800 (300 Army and 1,500 Air Force) annually      Jason Johnson. q
to around 2,500 (1,000 Army and 1,500 Air Force) per year, the
physician said.

                                   Center is host for the
                               2006 Senior Leaders Meeting
        Air Force major command civil engineers gathered
     at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas, Dec. 4-8, for the           Organizers said that for the first
     annual Senior Leaders Meeting.                              time in the meeting’s history, former
        AFCEE was the host for the conference, which is
     held also at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla..
                                                                 military and Air Force civil engineering
        Organizers said that for the first time in the            leaders had been invited to attend.
     meeting’s history, former military and Air Force civil
     engineering leaders had been invited to attend. The         as updates on housing privatization and environmental
     “founders,” as they were called, included retired           restoration programs.
     general officers who held the post of Air Force Civil          On the third day of the conference Air Force Civil
     Engineer, former AFCEE directors and senior enlisted        Engineer Maj. Gen. Del Eulberg talked about the “Big
     advisors.                                                   Picture on Readiness.”
        Officials said that “Founders’ Day,” during which           Also featured was a presentation on the history of
     78 former and current leaders took part in a roundtable     Air Force civil engineering, followed by a question-and-
     discussion on the future of Air Force civil engineering,    answer session, by Dr. Ron Hartzer, historian with the
     was the “highlight of the conference.”                      Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency at Tyndall Air
        Topics discussed at the meeting included the changes     Force Base.
     that the Air Force’s proposed transformation would             AFCEE officials said the Center has been assigned as
     bring to AFCEE and civil engineering in general as well     conference host for the next three years. q

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   Beale                                 has one of largest remediation systems in the West

                                                                                     Initial laboratory tests on various materials indicated
                                                                                  that sodium lactate was the most effective food source for
                                                                                  biostimulation at the site, with a field pilot test showing
                                                                                  nearly complete solvent degradation in four months.
                                                                                     Use of the two processes at Site 10 has resulted in solvent-
                                                                                  free groundwater. Remediation takes from four months
                                                                                  to several years depending on groundwater conditions,
                                                                                  initial solvent concentrations and distribution of the sodium
                                                                                  lactate, officials said. They add, however, that the impacted
                                                                                  groundwater is at present not a threat to the installation’s
                                                                                  personnel or its environment.
                                                                                     Base environmental officials noted that “great progress”
                                                                                  has been made over the course of two years in implementing
                                                                                  cleanup using the enhanced in situ bioremediation systems.
elements of enhanced bioremediation system in place on Beale air force Base in       Full-scale construction began in 2004 by AFCEE contractor
northern california. Used to treat solvent-contaminated groundwater, the system   CH2M HILL. The system was built in three phases. In Phase
is one of the largest on the West coast, officials said. (courtesy photo)
                                                                                  1, started in 2005, three acres with high concentrations
                                                                                  of contamination were treated, resulting in a 50-percent
    Beale Air Force Base in northern California has built one                     degradation of the solvent mass. Phase 2 was installed
of the largest enhanced bioremediation in situ site systems                       in August 2006 and will treat an additional three acres
on the West Coast to treat groundwater contaminated by                            and about 25 percent of the solvent mass within the high-
solvents as a result of past industrial practices.                                concentration area. The third phase was installed in October
    Instead of the groundwater being pumped out and treated                       2006 to treat the remaining solvent mass.
outside its natural setting, the system uses two processes                           Officials said the bioremediation system is regularly
called biostimulation and bioaugmentation to treat the                            optimized by using tracer tests and computer models to
water in situ, or in the ground, which is a more efficient                        predict system efficiency.
and less costly method, according to Beale environmental                             When remediation is completed, the high concentration
flight officials.                                                                 area at Site 10 will have been cleaned over a five- to eight-
    In biostimulation, a contaminated site is modified to                         year period at a cost of about $2 million. Traditional pump-
enhance the growth of naturally occurring microbes                                and-treat technology, however, would take up to 70 years and
already present. Bioaugmentation, on the other hand,                              cost more than $7 million, according to official estimates.
means that bacteria particularly suited to degrade a specific                        The success of the Site 10 system makes it feasible to
contaminant – such as solvents – are added at the site in                         apply this technology at other Beale sites with larger areas of
sufficient quantities.                                                            contamination, officials said.
    At Beale’s Environmental Restoration Program Site 10,                            Beale, an Air Combat Command base covering nearly
where the remediation is taking place, food-grade sodium                          23,000 acres and home to about 4,000 military personnel, is
lactate derived from corn or milk is providing the energy                         located about 40 miles north of Sacramento, the state capital. q
needed for biostimulation to occur. In the bioaugmentation
phase, the site uses a consortium of bacteria commonly
referred to as the KB-1TM culture.

                                                                                                                   Winter 2006-2007 | 
to p s t o r i e s


                                           helps negotiate water deal for reserve base

               hen the Santa Ana Regional Water Quality          issue was that if the base funded the water sampling
               Control Board regulators identified March         program it would be in violation of the Anti-Deficiency
               Air Reserve Base as one of the dischargers to     Act, which prohibits federal government officials
               the Lake Elsinore/Canyon Lake water bodies        from making payments or committing the United
 in Southern California, they required the installation to       States to make payments beyond what is available in
 comply with a Total Maximum Daily Load, or TMDL,                appropriations.
 implementation order.
     The TMDL, established by the Clean Water Act, is a
 calculation of the maximum amount of a pollutant that an
 impaired body of water can receive and still meet water-
 quality standards. Each discharger is then allocated a
 portion of that TMDL, which its discharges must meet.
 Impaired water bodies are determined by a state or federal
 regulatory agency.
     The TMDL implementation order required March to
 join and partially fund a local working group made up
 of both private and local governmental bodies and take
 part in water sampling of the lakes. The base had to meet
 these requirements despite the fact that the bodies of
 water are about 22 miles away, and base environmental
 officials questioned whether March had an actual
 hydrological connection to the lakes or contributed to
 the contamination. Another issue was whether the water          map of the santa ana Watershed. in an agreement reached between march
 quality board could legally compel a federal installation       air reserve Base, calif., (shown in outline in the upper left-hand part of the
 to take part in and fund the working group and the water        map) and state regulators, the installation will sample storm-water discharges
 sampling effort.                                                into the watershed immediately adjacent to the base instead of studying
                                                                 pollution levels in two distant lakes. (photo courtesy santa ana Watershed
     March officials emphasized that while the installation
                                                                 project authority)
 was concerned with local environmental health and
 interested in having some input in local policies and
 decision-making, they were uncertain to what extent                The REO, Western Regional Counsel and Air Force
 federal law would allow the base to participate in the          Reserve Command Headquarters staffs entered into
 activities required by the TMDL order.                          careful and diplomatic negotiations with the Santa Ana
     With these issues in mind, the March environmental          Regional Water Quality Control Board. The board initially
 staff contacted AFCEE’s Western Regional Environmental          refused to talk to Air Force representatives – preferring,
 Office in San Francisco for assistance. The REO and             instead, to inform the California congressional delegation
 its Western Regional Counsel then initiated talks with          about the Air Force’s position – but months later the
 the water board to find a way for March to fulfill the          regulators agreed to consider compliance alternatives.
 substantive requirements of the TMDL order without              The result was a memorandum of understanding that set
 violating established constitutional law or federal statutes.   out the Air Force’s participation as allowed by federal law.
     One of the issues in question was sovereign immunity;          Specifically, the installation agreed to sample its storm-
 that is, whether local or state laws have controlling           water discharges into the watershed immediately adjacent
 authority over federal agencies. Case law has ruled             to the base, instead of studying pollution levels in the
 that statutes must be strictly construed in favor of the        distant lakes. Additionally, the base agreed to pay $10,000
 sovereign, in this case the federal government. Another         annually into the working group’s funds so that the

 2 | c enterViews
group itself could conduct and report water sampling at the       resulted in a $100,000 a year cost savings to Air Force Reserve
lakes, with oversight by March officials. REO officials said      Command Headquarters. This compliance strategy is also
this “fees for services” approach ensures compliance with         anticipated to serve as a model for future TMDL compliance
federal law and allows the installation to participate in local   issues affecting Air Force installations in California,
environmental initiatives and decision-making.                    officials said.
   REO officials said the memorandum was the culmination             For more information, contact the REO or the Western
of a successful compliance strategy that invoked legal            Regional Counsel at (415) 977-8888. q
arguments of sovereign immunity, prevented March from                Read another article about the REOs on page 27.
violating federal Anti-Deficiency Act requirements and

       golf course undergoes
                             enVironmental cleanUp                                                                           By steve Brauner
    A $1.8 million environmental restoration project was
recently completed at Mamala Bay Golf Course on Hickam
Air Force Base, Hawaii.
    The project involved extensive cleanup and restoration
of the golf course.
    A portion of Mamala Bay Golf Course lies over a former
tri-services landfill that received municipal and construction
debris from the Army, Navy, and Air Force between 1940
and 1965.
    In addition, sand blast grit that is believed to have
originated from ship maintenance activities at the Pearl
Harbor Naval Complex was spread around the golf course in
the mid-1980s as a fill material.                                 Workers with contractor parsons infrastructure and technology group, inc., do
    According to AFCEE project manager Bob Chang, the             environmental restoration work along the th hole at mamala Bay golf course on
sand blast grit had to be removed because it contained high       Hickam air force Base, Hawaii.
concentrations of arsenic. “During this remedial construction
project, more than 1,600 cubic yards of sand blast grit were         But, as with any project of this size, there were several
excavated from 24 locations around the golf course,” he said.     challenges to overcome. “We used a team-oriented approach,
    The material was compiled into a grit consolidation cell      which gave us the ability to overcome those unforeseen
constructed at the end of the golf course driving range.          challenges safely and efficiently,” Mr. Chang said.
    Mr. Chang explained that construction of the grit cell in        He added that these challenges included the discovery of
this location provided a long-term benefit to the golf course     a larger volume of blast grit than expected, two unexploded
because it leveled off the end of the driving range, allowing     ordnance items that had to be removed by base explosive
golfers to more clearly see their practice shots land. In         ordinance disposal personnel and a mid-construction add-
addition, minor repairs were made to the soil cover that          on requirement to excavate and consolidate material from a
protects site users from exposure to debris from the              second base location to the grit consolidation cell.
former landfill.                                                     Officials noted that consolidating material from the
    Parsons Infrastructure and Technology Group, Inc., the        golf course and the second location into a new cell within
project’s contractor, used in-house, on-island environmental      the former landfill saved about $1 million in off-site
construction capabilities to complete this design-build project   disposal costs.
on time and under budget, said Mr. Chang.                            The cost savings and the increase in safety are what made
    Mamala Bay Golf Course was kept open for business             this a success, according to Bill Grannis, 15th Environmental
during the work through the use of a flexible construction        Restoration Remedial Program manager.
schedule that met the needs of both golf course operations           “We consider the project a success at achieving our
and the remedial effort. In addition, the crew worked a four-     remediation goals and making the course a safer place to
day, 10-hour construction schedule to eliminate the impact of     work and play,” he said.
construction activities on golf course operations on Fridays         Steve Brauner is a project manager with Parsons Infrastructure
and weekends.                                                     and Technology Group, Inc. q

                                                                                                           Winter 2006-2007 | 3
to p s t o r i e s

 consultants evaluate long-term monitoring programs

   Two AFCEE consultants with the Technical Directorate’s         Summary data and optimization recommendations
Environmental Restoration Division recently took part in a     were placed in separate electronic spreadsheets for each
major long-term monitoring optimization, or LTMO, effort       LTM program.
for the Air Force Real Property Agency.                           During the second week, team members continued
   LTMO is a systematic way to evaluate existing LTM           their technical analysis and formulated optimization
programs with the goal of improving their effectiveness        recommendations. Dr. Santillan said that evaluating the
and reducing overall site cleanup costs, without               more than 500 monitoring wells that made up the 29 LTM
increasing risks.                                              programs was “a formidable task.”
   Environmental engineer Dr. Javier Santillan and                Each evaluation consisted of a number of steps, such
hydrogeologist Jon Atkinson were members of a seven-           as collecting and reviewing monitoring and site data,
member multi-agency ad hoc team that evaluated 29 LTM          validating the adequacy of sampling frequency and others.
well programs at seven Base Realignment and Closure               Toward the end of the second week, team members
installations located in AFRPA’s Southern Region.              discussed and finalized optimization results for all LTM
   Other team members were Dave Becker, U.S. Army              programs and then made their presentation to key
Corps of Engineers; Don Buelter, AFRPA; Jon Horin and          AFRPA officials.
John Tunks from AFCEE contractor Mitretek; and Chris              The team’s recommendations included eliminating 123
Hurst, Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council. The         monitoring wells or 25 percent of the 501 monitoring wells
latter is a state-led coalition that works with industry       in the LTM programs. Assuming a cost of $1,500 to collect
and stakeholders to achieve regulatory acceptance of           and analyze water samples from one monitoring well
environmental technologies.                                    for one monitoring event, this reduction could result in
   The AFCEE consultants said the purpose of                   savings of about $180,000 per sampling and
the evaluation process was to make optimization                analysis round.
recommendations on 29 groundwater monitoring                      The team recommended, also, decreasing the
programs that could result in cost reductions.                 sampling frequency of many of the wells as well as
   Evaluations were made for these former Air Force            reducing the number of chemicals of concern, which are
bases: Bergstrom and Reese in Texas; Eaker in Arkansas;        contaminants that may pose a risk to human health and
England in Louisiana; Homestead in Florida; Myrtle Beach       the environment.
in South Carolina; and Richards-Gebaur in Missouri.               Many of these recommendations most likely will be
   Team members met at the former Kelly Air Force Base,        incorporated into contract bid packages for 2007 LTM
Texas, for the evaluations. In the first week they developed   contracts, said Mr. Atkinson.
a detailed strategy, organized technical information and          All these reductions would “add significantly to the cost
implemented a plan to complete the optimization analysis.      savings over the next 10 years,” he said. “The potential
Each member was assigned several LTM programs for at           impact if these recommendations are implemented would
least one of the seven installations.                          result in life-cycle – ten years – cost avoidance of up to
   Team members then began reading and analyzing               $1.8 million.”
information contained in scientific reports pertaining             AFRPA plans to conduct similar optimization studies
to the LTM systems, such as the number, location and           for LTM programs in its other regions in the near future,
depth of the wells; frequency of sampling; and site            the AFCEE officials said, with Dr. Santillan, Mr. Atkinson,
characterization, which included such features as the          and possibly other TDE consultants being part of
hydrogeology of the contaminated aquifers, the extent of       the teams. q
the plumes and chemicals of concern.                              Read another article about Dr. Santillan on page 30.

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                                              ng the Kitche
                                            hi and
           Eryt                                                                                         nS
   ED o v e r p r o j e c t t a k e s r e c y c l i n g t o                                                  ink
                                                                                                    n e w l evel
   I T’S THE ULTIMATE IN RECyCLING .                             demolition of the older homes, which is being done by Hunt
   Even the kitchen sink from old units being demolished         subcontractor Neuber Environmental Services, Inc.
to make way for new privatized housing at Dover Air Force          In other recycling efforts, the brick, concrete and asphalt
Base, Del., is being salvaged and donated to a local charity     from the demolished units are being crushed onsite and the
that helps needy families.                                       resulting material is used for basement backfill and road-base
   Everything from refrigerators, doors and cabinets are         filling. Also, the old asphalt is mixed with a minimal amount
being given to HomeWorks Ministry, a nonprofit organization      of new material and used for the project’s paving needs.
based in Douglassville, Pa.                                          Officials said that using recycling methods on the
   Founder Dan Galaska said he was elated when AFCEE             project also limits the amount of new product that has to
contractor Hunt Building Company gave his charity the            be acquired.
opportunity to retrieve the used appliances and cabinets.            One of the most difficult issues Hunt and base officials
These particular donations were timely, he said, “because the    had to face, however, was demolition of mature trees. They
day after picking up a load of refrigerators, a person in need   said every effort was made to save as many trees as possible,
showed up at our store looking for (one). Because of this        but because of environmental requirements, changing
program, we had a refrigerator on hand that we were able to      elevations and building locations, many of the older ones
donate to that individual.                                       had to be removed.
   “The sheer joy of the person was priceless,” he added. “I         When they realized the trees would be lost, however,
wish everyone could see the emotion and gratitude of those       officials decided to chip the trees and send the wood chips to
we are able to help.”                                            a mulching plant where they can be turned into mulch and
   Donating the used appliances and other items to charity       used later in the project or resold for landscaping materials. q
keeps material from ending up in already crowded landfills           Read another Dover story on page 25.
while making donors “feel good knowing they have taken a
step to help those less fortunate,” said Mr. Galaska.
   His organization has been working also with other
government installations to recover salvageable items.
“The need is great,” said Mr. Galaska. “We would like to
encourage other contractors to view organizations like us as
an alternative” to disposing of good, useable material.
   He pointed out that Habitat for Humanity can use
flooring, plumbing fixtures, air-conditioning and furnace
units, ceiling fans and playground equipment in its work of
                                                                 old housing units are razed to make room for new privatized housing development
providing housing for low-income families.
                                                                 on dover air force Base, del. all salvageable items in the houses are being
   Meanwhile, the housing Dover project continues. So            donated to a pennsylvania charitable organization that helps needy families.
far the work has consisted of asbestos abatement and             (courtesy photo)

                                                                                                          Winter 2006-2007 | 5
iraq Update

   Ship lift only port rebuilt
         in iraq’s
                                                                                                                         By marti d. ribeiro

 an iraqi contractor, employed by Weston, monitors the movement of materi-   project manager. “Without a functional lift and dry
 als at the Umm Qasr port in southern iraq. afcee contracted Weston to       dock, the ICDF would be unable to perform the proper
 rebuild iraq’s only port. (courtesy photo)
                                                                             maintenance and repair of the fleet.”
                                                                                But while the end-result of this very crucial
     The rebuilding of the ship lift in Umm Qasr, Iraq, was
                                                                             reconstruction project was successful, the rebuilding of the
 completed recently, finishing another crucial step in the
                                                                             ship lift wasn’t always smooth sailing.
 country’s reconstruction.
                                                                                WESTON was one of the first contractors in country,
     A ship lift is a mechanism used for transporting boats
                                                                             mobilizing into Umm Qasr in January 2004 to initiate the
 between sea and land, and is used to dry dock and
                                                                             development of the new ICDF facility. The contract was
 launch ships.
                                                                             modified to rebuild the ship lift in May 2005.
     “In short, it’s an elevator for ships, lifting them out
                                                                                The first step was to disassemble and remove the
 of the water to the dock elevation so that they can be
                                                                             existing 200- by 50-foot structural platform of the lift,
 properly maintained and/or repaired on land and then
                                                                             Mr. Kline explained, which meant removing more than
 used for returning the vessel back into the water after the
                                                                             470,000 pounds of structural steel.
 maintenance and/or repairs are completed,” said David
 Kline, project manager with AFCEE contractor WESTON
 Solutions, Inc.                                                                    … As Iraq rejoins world
     Umm Qasr is on the western side of the Al-Faw                              markets the port at Umm Qasr
 Peninsula shores and is the only port city in Iraq. It’s
                                                                                 will become a vital resource
 also home to the new Iraqi Coastal Defense Force, which
 provides security and enforces international regulations
                                                                                  in expanding the country’s
 governing the environment and safety at sea.                                  economy, and thus this project is
     According to Mr. Kline, the importance of this project                       crucial for the Iraqi people.
 is immense as it’s necessary to continue with the major
 task of rebuilding the nation’s infrastructure. It not only
                                                                                “(The materials) were staged on the dry dock for
 gives the ICDF the facilities it needs to maintain its ships
                                                                             cleaning, engineering analysis and subsequent repairs
 to protect the country, but as Iraq rejoins world markets
                                                                             and reconstruction,” he said. “Approximately 35 tons of
 the port at Umm Qasr will become a vital resource in
                                                                             additional steel were added for structural stability to the
 expanding the country’s economy, and thus this project is
                                                                             existing (materials).”
 crucial for the Iraqi people.
                                                                                Besides the volume of material that had to be moved,
     “The ship lift and dry dock is a critical aspect of the
                                                                             cleaned and rebuilt, WESTON faced challenges in
 naval mission in Iraq,” said Matt Martin, AFCEE

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obtaining new materials and skilled laborers from the                 “As a result of the extraordinary teamwork between
Iraqi workforce.                                                   AFCEE, Multi-National Security Transition Command Iraq,
    The company remedied these situations by maximizing            ICDF personnel, WESTON and our Title II contractor, Versar,
and rehabilitating the existing structural steel components to     AFCEE has completed a mission critical project that will help
the greatest extent possible, procured and shipped custom-         stand up and sustain the new Iraqi Navy,” Mr. Martin said.
lifting equipment from the United States and trained and              According to Marine Brig. Gen. Carl B. Jensen,
certified Iraqi workers in the skill of welding.                   Expeditionary Strike Group THREE, Northern Arabian Gulf,
    But even after the ship lift was rebuilt, the work             commander, who works closely with the ICDF, WESTON
didn’t stop. According to Mr. Kline, WESTON conducted              and the sub-contractors have done more with less than
operational testing of the lift, as well as orchestrated           anyone would have a right to expect and in an awfully tough
classroom training for Iraqi military personnel who will           neighborhood.
run the lift.                                                         “I’m extraordinarily grateful for the superb work that both
    Since the completion of the rebuilt ship lift and associated   (the Iraqi sub-contractor) and WESTON are doing, both in
dry dock facilities, more than 15 successful docking and           Iraq and Afghanistan,” he said. “Without your company, and
undocking operations have been performed, contributing             the evident bravery of its employees, the Coalition would not
greatly to the reconstruction efforts in Iraq.                     be as far along as it is now.” q

                    transforming fort into detention
                        center earns recognition
               Transforming an old, unused military fort into a prison and detention center in Iraq earned AFCEE
            and its contractor ECC a 2006 Project Achievement Award from the Construction Management
            Association of America.
               The renovation of Fort Suse in the Kurdish city of Sulaymaniyah in northern Iraq was one of 14
            projects honored at the CMAA’s National Conference and Trade Show in Tampa, Fla., in October.
            Winners were selected by a panel of industry owners and construction-management professionals.
               CMAA is North America’s only organization dedicated exclusively to the interests of the
            professional construction and program management industry. Nearly 4,000 public and private firms
            make up the membership in the organization’s 25 regional chapters.
               Accepting the award were ECC’s Louis Perez Jr., Fort Suse project manager, and Brent Pernini,
               AFCEE officials said the critical project was ready to house the first detainees in just eight weeks
            and was fully open for business in about four months. The facility accommodates 1,800 prisoners.
               Fort Suse was just one of two renovation project winners and the only Iraq and U.S. military
            construction effort recognized, officials said.
               ECC officials said the project was completed only through teamwork: the “close relationship
            among all stakeholders, including AFCEE, ECC, the U.S. military and Iraqi subcontractors. Everyone
            was on site every day.”
               ‘Without having the team together on the ground, it couldn’t have been done,” said Maj. Frank
            McCormick of the Army’s 20th Engineer Brigade. “When things needed to be changed they needed
            to be changed quickly.”
               In addition, the flexibility AFCEE gave contractors and others was the key element in keeping the
            project on schedule, according to Mr. Perez and Major McCormick. q

                                                                                                   Winter 2006-2007 | 7
iraq Update

  iraq police facilities
  being renovated                                             By elaine eliah

     ERBIL, Iraq – Law enforcement is one of most urgently            Under several AFCEE task orders, U.S. contractor
  needed careers in Iraq, a country rife with insurgent,           ECC has completed one recruiting facility, two training
  sectarian and criminal violence. The rush to recruit, train      bases and 16 police stations in Iraq. One such task order
  and equip the new Iraqi police forces has gone hand in           involved many of the urban security problems
  hand with renovating facilities for offices, headquarters        Mr. Martin cited.
  and training centers, U.S. officials here said.                     In a 10-day period in the Quayarah area, eight
     Since conflict began in Iraq in 2003, fatalities among        roadside bombs were found or detonated. Four car
  police officers, many of these rookies or men still cueing       bombs exploded near the Quayarah police station. The
  to enlist, have topped 4,000.                                    Iraqi police, aware that the station was being targeted,
                                                                   were able to prevent the car bombers from getting close
       “The ‘year                                                  enough to injure workers or destroy the facility.
                                                                      ECC worked with Iraqi-owned Delta Company on

     of the police’                                                a $336,000 renovation of the Erbil Provincial Police
                                                                   Headquarters. The 5,000-square-meter building had to

   construction was                                                be completed under extreme time constraints, without
                                                                   interrupting police operations. With different police

   and continues to
                                                                   divisions using different floors of the three-story facility,
                                                                   the building was divided in half vertically, allowing both
                                                                   units to continue functioning in one half while up to 120

   be a tall order for                                             laborers worked on the other side.
                                                                      Delta is now working with AFCEE and ECC on the

     contractors.”                                                 $1.85 million Makhmur military base project.
                                                                      Salah ah Din Provincial Police Station in Hawijah, a
            – derek martin, multinational security transition      $440,000 renovation, was one of the most challenging for
                     command iraq northern representative          ECC and subcontractor ITG.
                                                                      The facility was constantly threatened by mortars and
     AFCEE has been a leader in the drive to build an              rockets, which were most likely intended for a higher
  effective Iraqi police force. Since 2004, the Center has         value target – a U.S. military base next door. Soldiers
  been involved in building, renovating and upgrading              stopped work several times after the base came under
  Iraqi police recruiting centers, regional training               fire, questioning workers at the police station and
  academies and nearly 200 provincial and local stations           scrutinizing digital cameras used by quality
  of all sizes.                                                    control engineers.
     “The ‘year of the Police’ construction was and                   “When the roads were closed to civilian travel we
  continues to be a tall order for contractors,” said Derek        paid $400 per day while the trucks waited,” ITG general
  Martin, Multinational Security Transition Command                manager Raad al Shamaa said. The company employed
  Iraq’s northern representative. “Unlike other construction       10 security guards in three cars to escort deliveries into
  sites in Iraq, the police station sites are always in confined   the site. “The police helped us out; they let our staff sleep
  urban areas, which present a serious security challenge.”        in the police station,” he said.

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   Despite the difficulties, work was finished three weeks       installed at many stations. Walls and guard positions
ahead of schedule.                                               were established.
   Robert Lopez, AFCEE contracting officer’s representative,        Next on the AFCEE renovation priority list were utilities,
said that AFCEE, the Multinational Security Transition           with sanitation systems repaired or replaced. Water tanks
Command Iraq and ECC “have developed a very good                 were critical in areas far from city water supplies. Generators
reputation of ‘can do’ with the various police chiefs. During    were installed in all of the stations.
my inspections in the northern region several stated, ‘you are      “The partnership AFCEE has with our contractors and
the first that have asked us if there is anything else we can    their use of Iraqi subcontractors has provided a better
do, and if we provide you with our list of items you will tell   working environment for Iraqi policemen,” said Mr. Lopez
us what can be done and they will be done.’”                     who is assigned to AFCEE’s Technical Directorate.
   Not all wish lists, however, could be fulfilled. In Balad        A better working environment helps to make a stressful
Ruz, northeast of Baghdad near the Iranian border, local         line of work a little less difficult and a little less life
police refused to allow subcontractors to begin renovation       threatening, officials said. “In cooperation with AFCEE and
because they were demanding a completely new station             the local military, ECC quickly executed their projects with
be built.                                                        minimal issues,” Mr. Martin said. “This resulted in multiple
   Though compromises often had to be negotiated, security       new stations that will help the Iraqi police continue their
considerations were always given first priority. Controlled      progression towards law and order.” q
entry gates, including vehicle inspection points, were

Work on river patrol police Station completed
   Work has been completed on the River Patrol Police            needs. The company, said General Thorn, would be his “first
Station complex located on the banks of the Tigris River         choice for any future work.”
in Iraq.                                                            Mercury Development’s CEO said he was very proud of
   The project was one of 14 police stations renovated           his team. “Money is not everything in contracting,” he said.
or constructed by AFCEE contractor TolTest. The site is          “It is the fact that the client and the client’s client feel they
composed of three riverfront buildings that underwent            have had value for the money.”
significant renovation and infrastructure work as well as           The CEO added that the pride his team felt in being
overall cleaning.                                                chosen as a subcontractor “makes it really worthwhile.” q
   The contractor assessed a total of 29 police stations for
possible renovation.
   At the complex, TolTest and its Iraqi subcontractor,
Mercury Development, constructed force protection items,                                                   an iraqi patrol boat makes its
                                                                                                           way along the tigris river near
including concrete barriers known as T-walls and sniper
                                                                                                           the newly completed the river
screens; cleaned and cleared grass from the river shoreline;                                               patrol police station complex.
constructed new guard towers; and installed a generator with                                               (courtesy photo)
automatic transfer switch and fuel tank.
   Mercury Development renovated the three buildings,
which will be used as an administrative office, a classroom
and guard station. The firm constructed also an eight-boat
sunshade for storing the boats when they are not on patrol.
   Officials said the project was completed on schedule
– within two months – with no safety incidents and was              one of the completed buildings
promptly turned over to the Iraqi police without any                 that make up the river patrol
security issues.                                                     police station complex on the
                                                                                tigris river in iraq.
   At the end of the work, subcontractor Mercury
Development received a certificate of appreciation from the
Multi-National Security Transition Command Iraq. It was
presented by Brig. Gen. Jeremy Thorn, deputy commanding
general of the Civilian Police Assistance Training Team.
   The certificate lauded Mercury Development’s “extremely
high quality work” and its response and focus on customer
                                                                                                        Winter 2006-2007 | 
iraq Update

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   contractor developing iraqi engineers, workforce
                                                                                                                                      By elaine eliah

   Since the time U.S. Coalition forces entered Iraq in                             on page 17.) Mr. Perez is adept at spotting and nurturing
2003, the goal has always been to promote their own                                 talent. “First you have to learn the paperwork,” said Mr.
obsolescence by strengthening the capacity of their Iraqi                           Perez. “The new guy follows the veteran around in the field.
Army counterparts. The same can be said about U.S. military                         Then the veteran watches while the new guy does the work.”
contracting agencies that have been methodically developing                            According to Mr. Perez, strength and redundancy are
the capacity of Iraq’s construction sector while producing                          critical to field operations. “Who’s strong in what position
facilities for military, police and civilian use.                                   and do we have a backup?” he said. Teamed at the Raniyah
   AFCEE and prime contractor ECC had already built                                 facility, a $3 million construction project, are two such
several similar military facilities around the country when                         employees: Sulaiman, a civil engineer and Hemin, who
the firm was awarded a project to establish facilities for the                      started out writing daily reports and now takes care of all
Iraqi Army’s 2nd Division. With military strategy calling                           site administration. (First names only are used to protect the
for decentralization of army resources, this $63 million task                       men’s identities.)
order involved building in eight different locations. These                            Sulaiman brought many “lessons learned” from other
smaller bases enabled ECC to promote Iraqi engineers into                           ECC projects, but it was only after he’d become comfortable
project management roles and also allowed AFCEE to expand                           wielding authority that he was able to really make a
responsibility of local nationals in the quality control process.                   difference on the project. He redesigned the drainage tubes
   Raniyah, a small town in the mountains of Kurdistan, is                          leading from exterior heating/cooling units and anchored
in a “permissive,” or relatively safe, area. Midway between                         downspouts in concrete to prevent malicious horseplay. He
ECC’s offices in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah and a mere one-                             suggested a basin be fitted into the clinic’s trauma room. One
hour drive from each, Raniyah seemed an ideal location to                           bathroom inside a giant warehouse has overhead lighting
establish an Iraqi operations team that could be supervised                         because he convinced a subcontractor to rethink a planned
by periodic daytrip visits.                                                         ceiling of corrugated plastic. “I told him sandwich panels
   ECC’s local employees, many who started with the                                 would save him time and money,” said Sulaiman. “He was
company when it began Iraq operations in April 2004, have                           then able to safely mount lights.”
undergone rigorous training onsite and in classrooms.                                  Many of ECC’s local engineers have required urging, even
   Engineers, some hired straight out of Iraqi universities,                        a push, to stand up to the subcontractors; it was behavior
where students rarely have the opportunity to experience                            outside the traditional Iraqi business style. “Subs had a hard
field operations, received full-immersion training in U.S.                          time listening to our local nationals in the field; they didn’t
building standards on the jobsite. The concepts of on-the-                          recognize their authority,” explained Mr. Perez. “We’re not
job safety and the quality inspection process were drilled                          going to undermine their authority now. We’re just here to
repeatedly.                                                                         back them up and help them when they need it.”
   Doing some of that drilling was former Marine gunnery                               ECC quality control engineers have been similarly trained
sergeant Louis Perez, ECC project manager, whose efforts                            by immersion. “We took the QCs out of the position of simply
on the Fort Suse Prison project earned an award from the                            identifying problems,” said Mr. Perez. “They’re now able to
Construction Management Association of America. (See story                          give direction on what needs to be done.”
                                                                                       Camp Marez (AKA Camp Spear), just south of Mosul, is
ecc project manager dave gunn (center) works with iraqi engineers on a project      in a vulnerable area, shunned by many subcontractors and
at camp marez in iraq. ecc and other contractors have been training iraqis so       laborers. ECC has two civil engineers and two QC engineers,
that they can continue the construction work in their country after the americans
leave. the faces of the iraqi men in the photo have been obscured to protect        while AFCEE has two Title II quality inspectors, all of whom
their identities.                                                                   are Iraqi and have worked for their respective organizations

                                                                                                                    W i n t e r 2 0 0 6 - 2 0 0 7 | 2
iraq Update

 for at least a year. Challenging though it may be, the       to accept greater responsibility. Training, mentoring and
 training these engineers have gained living onsite during    guidance does promote newer, better building techniques,
 all construction phases was invaluable. As work reaches      but it is individuals who will decide whether to embrace
 punch-list stage, all involved are proud to have been        and continue working with Western concepts of safety,
 a part.                                                      quality and deadlines.
     The single greatest challenge working with Iraqi            Elaine Eliah is a freelance communications consultant
 subcontractors is what has been described in all political   working with ECC. q
 correctness as “a cultural indifference to time.” Perhaps
 it’s because Iraq has never before experienced the
                                                                            an iraqi worker checks the leveling of a floor on a project in
 urgency for construction as there is today for new Iraqi                   raniyah, a small town in the mountains of kurdistan.
 Army facilities. Failure to
 plan ahead for labor and
 materials is absolutely
 detrimental to this fast track
 construction. Subcontractors
 have never before been
 required to “resource load” a
 schedule to ensure sufficient
 skilled labor in the field
 or to document quality
 of materials even prior to
    Subcontractors have also
 proven weak at putting
 together the required U.S.
 government submittals
 for materials, documents
 and drawings. As Mr.
 Perez puts it both literally
 and figuratively, “They
 love doing big walls but
 they don’t like doing
 finish details.” The key,
 according to Mr. Perez, is to
 first establish momentum
 – schedule, sequencing and
 phasing – while always
 placing safety and quality at
 the forefront.
    As Iraqi engineers, like
 today’s Iraqi soldiers,
 move into positions of
 greater authority with U.S.
 contractors such as ECC and
 contracting agencies like
 AFCEE, they’re learning

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                                                                                       around the air force

Air Forc e r e c o g n izes environmental e f f o r t s
   Nine installations and one individual have been named the winners of the General Thomas D. White
   Environmental Awards for 2207.
   The winners and their categories are:

       • Tinker Air Force Base, Okla., Environmental Quality Award (Industrial);

       • Bangor (Maine) International Airport, Environmental Quality Award (Reserve

          Component Including Air National Guard);

       • Misawa Air Base, Japan, Environmental Quality Award (Overseas);

       • Dover Air Force Base, Del., Restoration Award (All Installations);

       • Luke Air Force Base, Ariz., Pollution Prevention Award (Non-Industrial);

       • Arnold Air Force Base, Tenn., Natural Resources Conservation Award (Large Base);

       • Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., Cultural Resources Management Awards (All


       • Tinker AFB, Pollution Prevention Award (Individual/Team):

       • Gary M. O’Donnell, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii, Cultural Resources

          Management Award (Individual/Team); and

       • Seymour-Johnson Air Force Base, N.C., National Environmental Policy Act (Team).
   The winners will be recognized at a ceremony at the Pentagon on April 19, and except for the
   Reserve Component Award, will go forward as Air Force nominees for the Secretary of Defense
   Environmental Awards.

                                                                                          Winter 2006-2007 | 23
around the air force

                                                                                             By 2nd lt. lauren Wright
    ellsworth first base                                                                     2th Bomb Wing public affairs

    to enter performance Track program
    ELLSWORTH AIR FORCE BASE, S.D. (AFPN)                      established by the Department of Defense. Ellsworth
 – Ellsworth Air Force Base has become the first Air           officials have reduced also total non-hazardous waste
 Force-owned installation to accept membership into the        generated by teaming with a local recycling facility to
 Environmental Protection Agency’s Performance                 increase the non-hazardous waste diversion rate by 44
 Track program.                                                percent over two years.
    During a special ceremony Oct. 31, Robert Roberts, EPA        “The philosophy of Performance Track is nothing new
 regional administrator, in presenting Ellsworth officials     to Ellsworth,” said Col. Jeffry Smith, 28th Bomb Wing
 with Performance Track membership, said the base              commander. “(The Ellsworth environmental flight) has
 deserves the satisfaction of knowing it is doing the right    led the way on many initiatives and has a great history of
 thing, investing in environmental quality for its children    compliance, but we have set some high expectations.”
 and grandchildren.                                               Ellsworth is no stranger to cooperative environmental
    Performance Track is a voluntary partnership program       efforts, either. After working with EPA to determine
 that recognizes and rewards facilities that consistently      how Performance Track could work for the Air Force,
 exceed regulatory requirements, work closely with their       ACC environmental quality branch selected Ellsworth
 communities and excel in protecting the environment           to be the first Air Force installation to apply for
 and public.                                                   program membership because of its record of sustained
    To qualify, facilities must adopt and implement an         compliance with EPA standards and other environmental
 environmental management system, demonstrate specific         achievements. Together, ACC environmental quality
 past environmental achievements, record sustained             and Ellsworth personnel created a strong application for
 compliance with environmental requirements, commit to         membership, which was filed in September.
 continued environmental improvement and commit to                “The Air Force and EPA partnership is one that we look
 public outreach and performance reporting.                    to grow,” Colonel Wright said.
    “Ellsworth Air Force Base has long been an                    The partnership was strengthened when members
 environmental leader in the community and in the              of the environmental quality branch at ACC researched
 Air Force,” said Col. Drew Wright, deputy director            Performance Track and initiated a relationship with the
 of installations and mission support at Air Combat            EPA to determine how it could be applied to the Air Force.
 Command. “The EPA Performance Track program is a                 Some of Ellsworth’s recent success has been
 good fit for Ellsworth and Air Combat Command.”               recognized by ACC and other governmental agencies.
    Membership benefits include opportunities for              In 2006, Ellsworth was named the ACC Outstanding
 crosstalk and mentoring relationships aimed at improving      Environmental Flight and Ellsworth was also recognized
 processes and reducing waste. Other incentives include        by the United States Department of Energy for energy
 flexible permit scheduling, reduced self-reporting and low    efficiency and management during the Federal Energy
 priority status for routine inspections. Less time spent on   and Water Management Awards.
 permits is expected to translate into more time spent on         While Ellsworth is the first Air Force-owned installation
 the mission.                                                  to earn membership, it is the fifth South Dakota facility
    Environmental leaders on base anticipate that              to join Performance Track, which includes more than 400
 these rewards will enhance mission capabilities while         members nationwide. Three other Department of Defense
 continuing to promote the record of sustained compliance.     installations are currently Performance Track members.
    Some of those include energy use and waste                    Since the program’s creation five years ago, members
 management. The base reduced total energy use by 47           have conserved more than 9,000 acres of land and 1.9
 percent from 2003 to 2006, 17 percent beyond the goal         billion gallons of water. q

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  Dover restoration program recognized
   DOVER AIR FORCE BASE, Del. – The 436th Civil                      The restoration team here is using an innovation to
Engineer Squadron environmental restoration staff competed        remediate chlorinated solvents in groundwater, according
with installations Air Force-wide to win the 2006 Air Force       to Mrs. Deramo. The team’s remedy was to inject a mixture
General Thomas D. White Environmental Restoration Award,          of emulsified soybean oil and sodium lactate, fertilizer and
one of the Air Force’s most prominent environmental awards.       potable water into the groundwater to “feed” the bacteria,
(See story on page 23)                                            which then biodegrade the solvent contamination.
   The award recognizes the installation with the best               However, Mrs. Deramo says the contaminated
environmental restoration program throughout the Air Force        groundwater does not affect base drinking water, which is
during the fiscal year.                                           derived from an entirely different source. “Groundwater
   “This award acknowledges the hard work, staunch                contamination underneath Dover AFB does not affect the
dedication and impressive achievements of the Dover               base’s drinking water supply, which is obtained from much
Restoration Team,” said Jo Anne Deramo, 436th Civil               deeper aquifers,” she said.
Engineer Squadron Environmental Restoration Program                  “In FY06, we injected over 10 million gallons of the
manager. “They overcame complex technical and regulatory          organic carbon mixture into groundwater over an area of 620
challenges to achieve environmental cleanup milestones six        acres,” the program manager said. “These injections will be
years ahead of Air Force goals.”                                  repeated over the next several years as needed to sustain the
   Base Environmental Restoration Programs address                biodegradation activity.”
environmental contamination from historical spills and               The base’s Restoration Team consists of members of the
waste-handling practices, which occurred more than 20 years       Dover AFB Environmental Flight; Air Mobility Command
ago, prior to development of current environmental practices.     Environmental Programs Division; U.S. Environmental
   For the award, each installation is judged on its plan to      Protection Agency Region III; Delaware Department of
close or have remedies in place at all contaminated sites by      Natural Resources and Environmental Control; Department
2012, the Air Force’s environmental goal. Bases are judged        of Energy, Environmental Sciences Division; U.S. Army Corps
also on the innovative actions they take to expedite the          of Engineers Omaha District; and the URS Group Inc.
remediation process.                                                 “The Dover Restoration Program is a model for other
   The 436th CES has identified 59 locations on Dover where       Air Force installations to follow,” said Robert Hofelich, Air
contaminants were historically released into the environment,     Mobility Command Environmental Restoration Branch,
such as landfills, underground pipe leaks and spills from         Directorate of Installations and Mission Support chief.
industrial activities, according to Mrs. Deramo.                  “Team Dover has proven their commitment to AMC’s
   “The Dover Restoration Team achieved the remedy-in-            environmental restoration mission of ensuring compliance
place goal for all 59 environmental restoration sites in fiscal   with environmental requirements while restoring natural
year 2006 – six years ahead of the Air Force goal,” said          resources for re-use in support of the Air Force war-
Mrs. Deramo.                                                      fighting mission.”
   Historical contaminant releases at Dover were mainly              Dover has won four Air Mobility Command
from jet-fuel spills during aircraft operations and chlorinated   Environmental Restoration Awards throughout the past
solvent releases, which were chemicals that were used for         nine years, and the 436th CES will be recognized for its
cleaning metal parts before the mid-1970s.                        latest accomplishment at the Air Force Environment Awards
   Soil cleanup actions here, which were completed in the         ceremony April 19 at the Pentagon.
1990s and early 2000s, consisted of unearthing contaminated           Dover will now move forward as a nominee for the
soil and sending it to a licensed facility for treatment          Secretary of Defense Environmental Awards to be held
and disposal.                                                     June 6. q

                                                                                                 Winter 2006-2007 | 25
afcee Wrap-up

                                          no shortage of
                      bIg sTOrIes In 2006
    Iraq, military construction and privatized family              As a result of AFCEE’s management, all 226 townhouse
 housing continued to be the big stories for AFCEE in 2006.     and duplex housing units on the shore of the historic
    One of the most ambitious projects took place at Taji,      Potomac River were complete and occupied by members
 the largest military base in Iraq, where 360 buildings         of the Department of Defense military community.
 were renovated or constructed, roads were repaired and            At Keesler Air Force Base, Miss., AFCEE played
 electrical, water and other systems installed. The $300        a crucial role in the area’s recovery following the
 million project was successfully competed despite the          devastation wreaked by Hurricane Katrina in 2005.
 challenges of operating in a highly volatile area of           In 2006, the Center completed repairs on 600 units,
 the country.                                                   demolished 800 damaged houses and finished design
    Other projects included a $7.9 million police               work for construction of 1,076 new homes.
 headquarters complex in Fallujah and a new water                  On the repair side, AFCEE’s close coordination with
 pipeline built from a military training base in Kirkush        the contractor and the Keesler Project Management Office
 near the Iraq-Iran border to Balad Ruz in eastern Iraq.        allowed the Center to stretch the available funding so that
    In the housing and military construction arenas, the        repairs could be completed on time and under budget.
 Center managed the project that built a $42 million               Keesler has quickly become the largest single Air Force
 corrosion-control and maintenance complex for the              military family housing project in history, a $287 million,
 C-17 cargo aircraft fleet at Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii.    43-month, five-phase construction effort.
 The complex, which is expected to be completed by                 In another area, the LEAN program gave AFCEE a
 December, will consist of a 60,000 square-foot corrosion-      chance to look at its processes and improve the way it
 control hangar and an adjacent 20,000 square-foot              does business. As a result, the Center was able to cut the
 maintenance building.                                          time it took to prepare a task order contract package from
    In September Air Force, Army and contractor                 11 days to less than one day, resulting in a 91 percent time
 representatives met in Philadelphia to close the first-ever    saving in task order preparation and making AFCEE more
 joint privatized development taking place at two New           responsive to its customers.
 Jersey military installations – McGuire AFB and Fort Dix.         Major improvements were made also in the purchase
 The $365 million project, which includes more than 2,000       request process. Under the old procedure it was taking an
 units, is scheduled for completion in November 2012.           average of 10 days and seven approval steps to process
    AFCEE rescued a $30 million military family housing         a PR. Using the new LEAN method, however, PRs
 program at Bolling Air Force Base, D.C. after base             arriving the last day of the fiscal year were being
 officials stopped construction because of a number             processed under two hours and, in most cases, with only
 of complications, including the discovery of mold on           two approval steps.
 building materials.                                               The new PR process has brought about a 90 percent
    Soon after taking over management of the project,           increase in productivity because of the fewer number of
 the Center conducted a site visit and inspection of the        employees involved and faster turnaround time.
 construction sites, providing an independent assessment           Overall, in fiscal year 2006 AFCEE reported a savings of
 of the condition of the units being built. Other steps taken   2.6 purchase request man-hours per task order, resulting
 by AFCEE included teaming with base officials to develop       in savings of more than $902,800. Total workflow time
 an effective mold remediation plan and providing onsite        savings per task order amounted to almost 21 days. q
 construction inspection support to ensure
 quality construction.

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               reos shine in 2006
   Because they are located away from AFCEE headquarters
at Brooks City-Base, the many accomplishments of the
Center’s Regional Environmental Offices don’t often get a lot
of play. So here are some examples of REO success stories
for 2006.
   • The Central REO in Dallas influenced passage of two
pieces of Oklahoma legislation that will have positive impact
on military activities in that state.
   The first was House Bill 2412, which allows any
municipality in Oklahoma that is wholly or partly within
an Air Installation Compatible Use Zone study area or Joint
Land Use Study area to enact a city ordinance restricting or      this a/m 32a-6 generator, used in aircraft maintenance, is the type of tactical
                                                                  support equipment that would have been affected by a california plan to cut down
prohibiting future uses for that area within that AICUZ           on diesel particulate matter emissions. afcee’s Western regional environmental
or JLUS.                                                          office, however, worked with state regulators to obtain exemptions for engines
                                                                  critical to the air force mission. (courtesy photo)
   The Central REO worked with several key legislators
who have an interest in the state’s military installations and
                                                                     • The Dallas REO co-chaired the Texas Environmental
reviewed the draft changes in the bill. After recognizing some
                                                                  Partnership and Texas Air Workgroup, which assisted
problem areas, the REO staff redrafted parts of the text to
                                                                  military installations throughout the state in resolving
better support the AICUZ program, and these changes were
                                                                  concerns with state and federal environmental regulators.
sent to the bill’s sponsor along with explanatory comments.
                                                                     In one example, Texas environmental regulators agreed to
   Staffers held also several discussions with the sponsor
                                                                  direct some of their site-assistance visits to DOD installations,
while the new language was being inserted during
                                                                  resulting in identification of more than 500 contamination
committee reviews. The bill’s supporters in both houses were
                                                                  source-reduction opportunities and eliminating nearly one
eventually successful in getting the legislation adopted in the
                                                                  million pounds of hazardous waste. Changes in processes,
committees and then by the House and Senate.
                                                                  chemical substitutions and emissions reductions brought
   The other state legislation influenced by the REO was the
                                                                  about by site-assistance visits produced savings of over $2.7
Oklahoma Uniform Environmental Covenants Act, which
                                                                  million for DOD.
will permit military installations to more easily dispose of
                                                                     Other examples were an agreement reached with state
contaminated property that can’t reasonably be cleaned up.
                                                                  regulators to exempt military vehicles from Texas engine
   The cost of the cleanup and the absence of pathways to
                                                                  idling restrictions and acceptance of crushing equipment
humans – that is, there no immediate risk to people – are two
                                                                  as a method for bases to dispose of aerosol cans instead of
factors that determine if remediation is warranted.
                                                                  treating them as special waste.
   Contamination that is judged to be too costly or difficult
                                                                     • The REO created and distributed a monthly water
to be removed could presumably be left in place and
                                                                  regulation summary for the installations in its 21-state area.
naturally attenuated if controls were placed on the use of
                                                                  Each summary targeted emerging or high-visibility topics
the property by a restrictive covenant, which would have to
                                                                  to assist base water managers in maintaining operational
be approved by the regulatory agency and recorded in local
                                                                  excellence in their use and disposal of water. In addition to
property records.
                                                                  timely and pertinent information, each summary included
   The REO staff assisted in this effort by working with
                                                                  a water-related quiz or activity to attract attention to
the State Military Department’s adjutant general and his
                                                                  the content.
legislative liaison to encourage consideration of the uniform
covenant bill which was then forwarded to key senators and
representatives in the Oklahoma legislature.

                                                                                                           Winter 2006-2007 | 27
afcee Wrap-up

    Through this and other efforts, the incidence of Central     health impacts of all toxic air contaminants, comprising
 Region water-related enforcement actions decreased 72           70 percent of the statewide risk.
 percent, from 29 in fiscal year 2005 to eight in fiscal            By July, eight ATCMs had been adopted with another
 year 2006.                                                      five under development. None of the draft measures,
    • In August, the Washington Attorney General’s Office        however, provided exemptions for military tactical
 agreed with the Western REO in San Francisco that Air           support equipment.
 Force and other Department of Defense water systems                The Western Regional Office’s goal was to obtain
 should be exempt from provisions of the state’s proposed        exemptions for this equipment so that items critical to the
 water use efficiency rule.                                      Air Force mission would not be impacted. These items
    The state law would have required community                  include some trucks, sweepers and off-road equipment
 water systems, including those at Air Force and DOD             typically used in construction and airport ground support.
 installations, to track and monitor water usage, install           The REO sought to minimize the time and effort
 sub-meters on all service connections, meet a leakage           needed to comply with the ATCMs while fully complying
 distribution standard and, in general, achieve prescribed       with rules and regulations for non-exempt equipment
 water-use efficiency goals.                                     and vehicles.
    The proposed rule was essentially an attempt by the             The office reviewed all draft and final ATCMs and
 state to regulate the water quantity and water rights of        assessed the different types of equipment and engines
 federal facilities, said Western REO officials.                 to determine how their use would be affected by the
    The REO, along with the Regional Counsel, conducted          new measures. Assessments and comments were
 a technical and legal analysis of the proposed rule and         then forwarded to the DOD Regional Environmental
 concluded that it went beyond the federal government’s          Coordinator 9 team and California Air Force installations.
 waiver of sovereign immunity under the Safe Drinking               The REO worked, also, with an economist on a report
 Water Act.                                                      analyzing how much the Air Force would save if military
    As the DOD Regional Environmental Coordinator                equipment were exempted from four California ATCMs.
 for Region 10, the Western REO worked with the Army             Estimates ranged from $1.2 million up to $14.4 million.
 and Navy regional environmental offices and military               Additionally, the Western REO was involved in the
 installations in Washington and their major commands            development of the California diesel ATCMs, which
 to arrive at a unified position. This response included a       allowed the Air Force to obtain exemptions for mission-
 request for exemption from the rule’s provisions for DOD        critical military tactical support equipment while
 facilities, which state officials ultimately granted.           complying with the measures for non-exempt vehicles
    Western REO officials said that as a result of being         and engines.
 exempt from the rule’s requirements, an Air Force or DOD           REO officials said this compromise continued the
 installation will save between $600,000 and $950,000 for        relationship of trust that has long existed between DOD,
 initial compliance and roughly $250,000 to $400,000 in          the California Air Resources Board and the Environmental
 annual costs.                                                   Protection Agency’s Region 9.
    • In California, the state adopted a diesel risk reduction      They added that Air Force mission-critical engines in
 plan that called for cutting down on diesel particulate         California will continue operating with no impact, and
 matter emissions by about 85 percent from 2000 levels.          equipment exemptions in future California ATCMs could
 The plan called for significant reductions of these             result in a significant cost savings. The Air Force could
 emissions for all new and used on-road, off-road and            realize, also, potentially huge cost savings across the
 stationary diesel-fueled engines and vehicles.                  nation as the diesel-fuel exemptions obtained in California
    Air toxic control measures, or ATCMs, are used to            may eventually apply to other states. q
 implement the reduction plan.
    According to the California Air Resources Board, diesel
 particulate matter is the largest contributor to adverse

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                                                                                                                       center stage

contracting officer retires                                      reservist awarded
                                                                 Bronze star for iraq service
                                                                    Air Force Reserve Lt. Col. John Floden was awarded the
                                                                 Bronze Star Medal for meritorious service after completing a
                                                                 six-month tour in Iraq.
                                                                    Air Force officials said the civil engineering officer
                                                                 “distinguished himself by exceptionally meritorious
                                                                 conduct” in his assignment as AFCEE’s officer-in-charge of
                                                                 construction operations.
                                                                    The work involved constructing facilities for the Iraqi
                                                                 military and police force.
                                                                    The reservist was “instrumental in the planning and
                                                                 execution of more than $2 billion of construction in support
                                                                 of Iraqi security forces,” officials said.
                                                                    They added that his leadership was critical in
                                                                 spearheading a “major portion of the largest national
Edwin Custodio.                                                  reconstruction effort since the Marshall Plan, creating
                                                                 thousands of jobs for Iraqi workers and supporting efforts
                                                                 of the Coalition Forces to bring peace and stability to the
   Edwin Custodio, a contracting officer with the Acquisition
                                                                 population of Iraq.”
and Contracting Directorate, retired from his career in the
                                                                    A resident of Stilwell, Kan., Colonel Floden has 24 years
Department of Defense after more than 30 years of service,
                                                                 of service with the Air Force, both on active-duty and in
including eight years of active duty with the Air Force.
                                                                 the Reserve. q
   A native of Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico, Mr. Custodio worked
for an airline company at the international airport in San
Juan after studying at the Catholic University of Puerto Rico.
He entered the Air Force in 1975, working in the airfield
management career field.
   Mr. Custodio earned a master’s in business administration
and management degree while on active duty. After leaving
the Air Force he was selected for a civil service position in
the Pacer II training program in 1984 and became a senior
negotiator, work leader and trainer at the San Antonio Air
Logistics Center at the former Kelly Air Force Base, Texas.
   In 1992 Mr. Custodio was assigned to the Environmental
Contracting Division of the Human Systems Center at
Brooks City-Base where he was responsible for negotiating
and administering environmental contracts in support of
AFCEE programs.
   Mr. Custodio is married to Olga Nevarez Nieves of             lt. col. john floden, left, sits down to a Bedouin dinner in a tent in
                                                                 Baghdad during his six-month tour in iraq. He is joined by col. richard
Santurce, Puerto Rico. They have two children, Marcia            fryer, then afcee’s military commander. colonel floden received the
and Edwin II. q                                                  Bronze star medal for his service in the war-torn country.
                                                                 (U.s. air force photo)

                                                                                                             W i n t e r 2 0 0 6 - 2 0 0 7 | 2
center stage

 technical directorate scientists honored
             technical directorate scientists dr. javier
            santillan, left, and ed Brown, congratulate
               each other on winning awards from the
                 interstate technology and regulatory
                 council for their work in the remedial
               process optimization, or rpo, program.
                               (photo by gil dominguez)

   Dr. Javier Santillan and Ed Brown,
 both with the Technical Directorate’s
 Environmental Restoration Division, have
 been honored by the Interstate Technology
 and Regulatory Council for their work
 in the remedial process optimization, or
 RPO, program, an effort to improve the
 effectiveness of remediation systems and
 reduce overall cleanup costs.
    The ITRC is a state-led coalition that
 works with industry and a number of
 federal agencies to achieve regulatory
                                                               missions. Optimizing processes will make them more
 acceptance of environmental technologies.
                                                               effective and efficient, he said.
    The two AFCEE scientists received an award and
                                                                  The Air Force annual environmental cleanup budget
 certificate for their “outstanding contributions” to an RPO
                                                               is about $400 million, and the service will realize at least
 team and continued support to the nationwide RPO effort,
                                                               10 percent, and often times closer to 25 percent, by using
 said ITRC officials.
                                                               RPO programs, said Dr. Santillan.
    Dr. Santillan and Mr. Brown have developed and
                                                                  New or emerging contaminants will increase cleanup
 taught courses and written guidance on innovative
                                                               costs, but RPO will keep costs down by “allowing us to
 ways to improve the environmental cleanup processes.
                                                               revaluate installation conditions, analyze decisions and
 They have also presented these methods at the national
                                                               implement innovative or optimized technologies,”
 conventions of such organizations as the American
                                                               he said. q
 Institute of Chemical Engineers and the Society for
 American Military Engineers as well as taught nationwide
 audiences via the Internet.
    In addition to the ITRC honor, Dr. Santillan received
                                                               air War college graduate
 also the Air Force Chief of Staff Best Practice Award, as
                                                                 Randy Lierly, chief of the Space Support Division,
 was reported in the fall issue of CenterViews.
                                                               completed Air War College in November through its
    The presentation was made in Washington by Air
                                                               nonresident program.
 Force Chief of Staff Gen. T. Michael Moseley, which Dr.
                                                                 The Air War College is the senior Air Force professional
 Santillan said was, for him, the highlight of the ceremony.
                                                               military school for all the U. S. military services, federal
 The general thanked Dr. Santillan for “supporting the Air
                                                               agencies and 45 foreign nations.
 Force,” the AFCEE environmental engineer said.
                                                                 The school emphasizes joint operations and the
    Dr. Santillan said that streamlining Air Force business
                                                               employment of air and space power in support of
 was important as more funds get routed to operational
                                                               national security. q

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   afcee ’s o w n
                                                   ‘Marathon Man’                                                   By gil dominguez
   Ashley Allinder, an AFCEE project manager, started                                days after the race the only way I could make it up the flight
running at the age of 11 and has been running ever since.                            of stairs at work was by walking backwards.”
   “My dad would take me along to run 5K races about once                               He got the chance to run in the Black Hills race when he
every six months,” he said. “As a family we would run the                            was at Ellsworth Air Force Base, working as the installation’s
Dallas Turkey Trot every Thanksgiving.”                                              air quality and hazardous materials manager. He was
   The Dallas yMCA-sponsored Turkey Trot, which consists                             assigned to the South Dakota base as an intern in the Air
of an eight-mile race and a three-mile fun run/walk, is                              Force’s PALACE Acquire Program after graduating from OU.
considered the largest Thanksgiving Day event of its kind in                            Mr. Allinder was at Ellsworth for a year and a half before
the country.                                                                         taking a permanent position at Charleston AFB, S.C., serving
   Mr. Allinder was on his high school track team but didn’t                         as water quality and waste water project manager. While
start running marathons until he was at the University of                            there he somehow found time between work and running to
Oklahoma where he majored in environmental engineering.                              go back to school and earned an MBA from The Citadel.
   He has since run Texas marathons in San Antonio, Austin,                             After two and a half years at Charleston he returned to
his home town of Dallas and the Mount Rushmore Marathon                              his home state. He went first to the Air Force Real Property
in Rapid City, S.D., which he called the most challenging                            Agency, doing restoration work at the former Kelly Air Force
so far.                                                                              Base and then moving to AFCEE in June 2005.
                                                                                        His present assignment is serving as a contracting officer’s
                                                                                     representative for Air Force Space Command installations.
                                                                                        Being back in Texas has given him the opportunity to
                                                                                     continue running in Dallas marathons as well as locally and
                                                                                     in the state capital of Austin.
                                                                                        In fact, Mr. Allinder said his most unusual experience took
                                                                                     place at the Austin Marathon where because of heavy traffic
                                                                                     he had to be dropped off a mile from the starting line and
                                                                                     ended up running about 27.5 miles that morning.
                                                                                        A marathon covers 26 miles and 385 yards or
                                                                                     26.21875 miles.
                                                                                        The weather was terrible, too, on the day of the race, with
                                                                                     temperatures dipping below the freezing mark and a cold
                                                                                     downpour pelting the runners.
                                                                                        “Garbage bags were handed out at the starting line, and I
                                                                                     ended up wearing a garbage bag for about five miles to keep
                                                                                     the rain from soaking my clothes,” recounted Mr. Allinder.
                                                                                        Ironically, the Austin Marathon is where last year he
                                                                                     recorded his best time of three hours and 44 minutes.
                                                                                        Now he’s getting ready to run in the Big-D Texas
                                                                                     Marathon in Dallas, which will have about 3,000 participants.
                                                                                     His training regimen includes spending his lunch break on
                                                                                     the base track a couple of days a week.
                                                                                        “When training for a marathon, I usually start five months
                                                                                     in advance and run six days a week,” Mr. Allinder said. “I
                                                                                     run about five miles per day with one long run per week.
afcee project manager ashley allinder runs a few laps around the base track dur-
                                                                                     The first long run will start at seven miles, and every week I
ing his lunch break in preparation for a marathon in dallas. the engineer has been
running since the age of . (photo by gil dominguez)                                will continue to increase by a mile. The longest run is usually
                                                                                     22 miles two weeks before the race.”
   “The race course winds through the Black Hills with over                             The AFCEE employee and his wife, an operating room
a 1,000-foot drop in elevation,” Mr. Allinder related. “I found                      registered nurse at University Hospital, have a baby daughter
out that running downhill for an extended amount of time is                          who at six months of age is still too young to join her dad in
actually more difficult for me than running uphill. For three                        his jaunts. q

                                                                                                                     W i n t e r 2 0 0 6 - 2 0 0 7 | 3
HQ AFCEE/MSP                                             PRSTD STD
3300 Sidney Brooks                                       US Postage
Brooks City-Base TX 78235-5112                              PAID
                                                         Permit #382
                                                          Dulles, VA

  an iraqi worker checks the leveling of a floor on a
  project in raniyah, a small town in the mountains of
  kurdistan. This	story	beings	on	page	20.

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