Photo Editing the News by truth4reviews


									Photo Editing the News

With the advent of digital photography, news has become closer and more
immediate. A combat photographer embedded with troops in Iraq can shoot
a hundred pictures while out with the soldiers, and have them on his
editor's server minutes after he gets back, thanks to the magic of the

However, with digital photography comes digital photo editing, and the
possibility of a photo that doesn't reflect the truth.

One technique for faking news photos is cloning. This could be used in
humourous ways, like putting Oprah Winfrey's head on Ann Margaret's body,
as done by TV Guide in 1989. Several magazines have used this trick to
make a point, and they generally document it in the credits (as in, image
by one person, and head shot by another).

Cloning is also used to create photo montages--which can give the
impression of things that didn't really happen. New York Newsday merged
images of Tanya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan into one shot that appeared to
show them skating together. Again, the magazine admitted to it, by
calling it a "composite image."

Montages can be deceptive, though. Los Angeles Times veteran
photographer Brian Walski used montage techniques to combine two
different photos, making it look like a soldier in Iraq was threatening
civilians. Walski was fired for "improving" on his picture.

Even a simple adjustment in brightness can change the meaning of a photo.
Both Time and Newsweek put OJ Simpson's mug shot on their covers, but
Time darkened the picture. This made Simpson appear much more
threatening on the cover of Time than Newsweek, since Newsweek didn't
adjust the image. Similarly, USA Today published a poorly edited picture
of Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice. The eyes of the picture had been
sharpened or brightened far past the proper level, and the result gave
her a feindish glare.

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