; UK
Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out
Your Federal Quarterly Tax Payments are due April 15th Get Help Now >>

UK

VIEWS: 24 PAGES: 11

  • pg 1
									    Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                   Heritage cities

Welcome Page

Dear colleague,


Welcome and thank you in advance for your contribution to this global inventory! We are contacting you, as
one of the privileged professionals around the world practicing cultural significance assessments1, on behalf
of local governments managing World Heritage cities2 and their properties of Outstanding Universal Value3.
The goal is to inventory, specifically to World Heritage cities, the following aspects:
1. their local governments and World Heritage properties,
2. their definition of Outstanding Universal Value,
3. the network of stakeholders involved in their cultural significance assessments,
4. the practices to assess their cultural significance, and
5. the needs and wishes for assistance in their cultural significance assessments.
Your contribution is highly appreciated! The more colleagues contributing, the more you can learn from each
other's experiences. Moreover, as part of a larger research, it will also enable us to create a web-based tool
that can better assist your cultural significance assessment practices and help you contribute even more to the
sustainable use of your World Heritage city.
This global inventory is composed by a limited number of statements covering the five aspects mentioned
above. We kindly ask you to complete them, drawing upon your knowledge and experience. It will take
approximately 30 minutes of your time. Please keep in mind that there are no wrong answers and that your
contribution will only be handled globally and regionally i.e. UNESCO regions4, unless you allow otherwise.
Even though the global inventory needs to be completed in English, we have translated the content into
several languages – see below. At any moment, when filling in the global inventory, you can stop and
continue at a later time. A personal link shall be sent to you via e-mail and we will only process your
contribution when fully completed.
For more information on the background of this global inventory, please read summary below. To start the
global inventory, select NEXT.




1
 Cultural significance assessments are usually carried out in the context of monitoring the state of conservation of
cultural heritage assets or determining the impact of development projects on their integrity and authenticity.
2
 World Heritage cities include all urban settlements - cities, towns, villages or townships - with properties, or parts of
properties, inscribed on the World Heritage list that are located in or partly connected to their urban areas.
3
 Outstanding Universal Value regards exclusively the cultural significance which has been acknowledged by the
Intergovernmental World Heritage Committee as being of outstanding (unique and/or representative) and universal
(worldwide) value.
4
 There are five UNESCO regions: Africa (AFR), Arab States (ARB), Asia and the Pacific (APA), Europe and North
America (EUR) and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).
     Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                    Heritage cities

1      Local governments and World Heritage properties

This set of questions allows us to identify your local government and respective World Heritage properties.

1.1      My local government is...
1.1.1    Organization (e.g. Câmara Municipal de Sintra)                  ___________________________________
1.1.2    Municipality (e.g. Sintra)                                      ___________________________________
1.1.3    Country (e.g. Portugal)                                         ___________________________________
1.1.4    UNESCO Region (e.g. Europe and North America)                   ___________________________________

1.2 Our municipality is nationally recognized as a...
( ) city                         ( ) town                    ( ) village
( ) other                   ____________________________________________

1.3  There are… World Heritage properties located inside or partly connected (north, south, east
     and/or west) to the urban area5 of my municipality.
____________________________________________

1.4 Please provide the following information to each identified property.
1.4.1 Name (as inscribed on the World Heritage List) _______________________________________
1.4.2 Location
( ) inside the urban area
( ) outside, but partly connected (north, south, east or west) to the urban area
1.4.3 Ownership
( ) public                             ( ) private                            ( ) both
1.4.4 Local governance
( ) my local government
( ) mine and other local governments (e.g. serial nominations)

1.5 The core zone6 of the inscribed property/properties in my municipality is better described as…
( ) singular – one building or assembled group of buildings on one location
( ) fragmented – disassembled group of buildings on varied locations
( ) consolidated – disassembled group of buildings on one location
( ) absolute – all buildings of the urban area

1.6 The protection zones (core and buffer zone7) are to be found in the following map(s)…
____________________________________________

1.7 Further comments
____________________________________________




5
    Urban area is the area within an urban settlement which perimeter separates urbanity from countryside.
6
 Core zone is the “boundary of the nominated property”, “drawn to ensure the full expression of the outstanding
universal value and the integrity and/or authenticity of the property. (UNESCO, 2008)
7
  Buffer zone is “an area surrounding the nominated property which has complementary legal and/or customary
restrictions placed on its use and development.” (UNESCO, 2008)
    Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                   Heritage cities

2     Definition of Outstanding Universal Value

This set of questions allows us to understand the status on the definition of the Outstanding Universal Value
(further called OUV) of your World Heritage city and the respective role of your local government. The
system will provide you with this same set of questions for each identified property.
(Name of the property as inscribed on the World Heritage List)

2.1     When inscribing this property on the World Heritage List, the World Heritage Committee
        referenced the selection criteria together with…
( ) no further justification                           ( ) a Statement of Outstanding Universal Value
( ) a brief justification                              ( ) I don’t know
( ) a Statement of Significance
2.2 The selection criteria were approved as proposed by the …
( ) State Party                                         ( ) Advisory Bodies
( ) State Party, but amended by the Advisory Bodies or the World Heritage Committee
( ) I don’t know

2.3 The OUV approved by the World Heritage Committee was defined by the…
( ) local government                         ( ) both
( ) national government                      ( ) I don’t know
2.4 The other parties involved in the definition of OUV were...
( ) none                                              ( ) other
( ) regional government                               ________________________________________
( ) local community (citizens, associations)          ( ) I don’t know
( ) field experts (consultants, academics)
2.5 The definition of OUV did…
( ) not change since the property has been inscribed on the World Heritage List
( ) change, but the latest definition was not yet approved by the World Heritage Committee
( ) change and the latest definition was already approved by the World Heritage Committee
( ) I don’t know

2.6 The latest definition of OUV was made by…
( ) local government                          ( ) both
( ) national government                       ( ) I don’t know
2.7 The other parties involved in the latest definition of OUV were...
( ) none                                               ( ) other
( ) regional government                                ________________________________________
( ) local community (citizens, associations)           ( ) I don’t know
( ) field experts (consultants, academics)
2.8 The definition(s) of OUV is/are to be found in the following document(s)...
____________________________________________

2.9 Further comments
____________________________________________
    Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                   Heritage cities

3     The network of stakeholders

This set of questions allows us to understand your role within the network of stakeholders
(actors/organizations) currently involved in the cultural heritage assessment practices followed by your local
government.

3.1 I am currently involved in the network of stakeholders...
( ) monitoring the state of conservation of the inscribed property (A)
( ) determining the impact of development projects on the property’s integrity and authenticity (B)
( ) both

3.2 In both networks of stakeholders, I perform... tasks/activities.
( ) different                                         ( ) equal
( ) partially different, partially equal
3.3 I normally work...
( ) alone
( ) within a team
3.4 My team is composed by ... members.
____________________________________________

3.5 My/our experience was built in...
( ) this local government                                  ( ) a variety of local governments
( ) other
3.6 My/our experience was built over the last... years.
____________________________________________

3.7 My/our background is best described by the fields of...
( ) sociology, psychology, anthropology, etc
( ) economics, management, real estate, etc
( ) political sciences, law, etc
( ) history, history of art, history of architecture, archaeology, etc
( ) urban planning, architecture, design, art, sculpture, etc
( ) building technology engineering, civil engineering, etc
( ) building surveying, etc
( ) ecology, biology, etc
( ) other cultural studies, heritage studies, etc
( ) other                            ____________________________________________

3.8     The network of stakeholders involved in monitoring the state of conservation of the inscribed
        property (A) is… the one determining the impact of development projects on the property’s
        integrity and authenticity (B).
( ) different from
( ) equal to
( ) partially different, partially equal to

3.9 The communication between these two networks of stakeholders (A and B) can be classified as…
( ) no communication                             ( ) one way communication (B as sender, A as
( ) one way communication (A as sender, B as     receiver)
receiver)                                        ( ) two way communication (both)
  Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                 Heritage cities

3.10 Besides the local government, this other network of stakeholders also includes the following
        actors/organizations.
( ) national government                               ( ) other
( ) regional government                               ________________________________________
( ) local community (citizens, associations)          ( ) I don’t know
( ) field experts (consultants, academics)
3.11 Concerning communication, the actors/organizations from this network of stakeholders can be
       classified as…
( ) no communication                               ( ) two way communication (both)
( ) one way communication (sender)                 ( ) not applicable
( ) one way communication (receiver)               ( ) I don’t know

3.12 The main role of the actors/organizations from this network of stakeholders is...
( ) observers                                         ( ) decision-makers
( ) advisors                                          ( ) not applicable
( ) advisors and decision-makers                      ( ) I don’t know

3.13 This network of stakeholders is to be found in the following document...
____________________________________________

3.14 The following colleague - from my local government - participates in this network of
       stakeholders and would gladly provide information on their cultural heritage assessment
       practices.
3.14.1 Name                   ____________________________________________
3.14.2 E-mail                 ____________________________________________

3.15 Further comments
____________________________________________
    Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                   Heritage cities

4     The practices to assess cultural significance

This set of questions allows us to determine the current practices followed by your local government to
assess the cultural significance of World Heritage properties, in the context of monitoring the state of
conservation of the inscribed properties and/or determining the impact of development projects on their
integrity and authenticity.

4.1     The current practices followed by my local government to assess the cultural significance of
        World Heritage properties…
4.1.1 Distinction
( ) are no different than the practices followed for any other cultural heritage asset
( ) are exclusive to World Heritage properties
4.1.2 Frequency
( ) only occur reactively (on request)                       ( ) occur on periodical basis
( ) both
4.1.3 Guidance
( ) do not have guidelines
( ) do have unofficial guidelines, shared among team members
( ) do have official guidelines (e.g. handbooks, management plans, regulations, legislations, etc)

4.2  The guidelines for the cultural significance assessment (further called CSA) practices are to be
     found in the following document(s)...
____________________________________________

4.3    The stages selected, classified (varied/fixed) and ordered below demonstrate the CSA practices
       followed by my local government.
4.3.1 ( ) screening
The process of deciding whether the development implementations/proposals (e.g. policy, plan, programme
or project) should be subject to a form of cultural significance assessment, i.e. whether it is likely to affect
the state of conservation of the inscribed properties, as well as their integrity and authenticity
4.3.2 ( ) scoping
The process of determining the key issues, parameters and boundaries to be addressed by the CSA and
respective studies
4.3.3 ( ) cultural significance studies
The process of performing surveys and investigations focused on the chosen key issues. These studies can be
performed by the CSA teams and/or requested to the proposing developers
4.3.4 ( ) risk assessment
The processes of correlating all previous surveys and determining the risk (impact and likelihood) of having
the development implementations/proposals affect the state of conservation of the inscribed properties, as
well as their integrity and authenticity
4.3.5 ( ) mitigation and risk management
The process of prioritizing the risks and determining the mitigation measures, implementation, monitoring
and documentation required for the development implementations/proposals. These studies can be performed
by the CSA teams and/or requested to the proposing developers
4.3.6 ( ) reporting
The process of reporting the results achieved during the previous stages
  Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                 Heritage cities
4.3.7 ( ) stakeholder consultation
The process of consulting stakeholders, other than the CSA team, e.g. governmental and public
actors/organizations to report the CSA results and retrieve their feedback
4.3.8 ( ) reviewing
The process of reviewing the report, based on the feedback provided by the consulted stakeholders
4.3.9 ( ) decision-making
The process of deciding whether the development implementations/proposals affecting the state of
conservation of the inscribed properties, as well as their integrity and authenticity, were/will be appraised
positively or negatively
4.3.10 ( ) monitoring
The process of monitoring and documenting the implementation of the development proposals and mitigation
measures
4.3.11 ( ) other         ____________________________________________

4.4     Whenever screening, my local government uses the following parameters to decide upon the
        implemented/proposed developments.
( ) form and design                                 ( ) location and setting
( ) materials and substance                         ( ) language and other forms of intangible
( ) use and function                                heritage
( ) traditions, techniques and management           ( ) spirit and feeling
systems
( ) other                        ____________________________________________

4.5 By scoping, my local government means…
( ) what kinds of surveys need to be developed (key issues and parameters)
( ) why these surveys will be relevant (benefits)
( ) how the surveys will be developed (methods)
( ) where are the boundaries (limiting area)
( ) who will be leading the surveys (team or developers)
( ) when do the surveys take place (schedule, plan)
( ) other                         ____________________________________________

4.6     The following surveys take part of the cultural significance studies being practiced by my local
        government.
( ) cultural significance (definition of OUV, integrity and authenticity)
( ) physical condition
( ) policy (management plan, regulation, legislation)
( ) other                           ____________________________________________

4.7    The cultural significance (definition of OUV, integrity and authenticity) has as parameters a
       varied set of…
( ) dimensions of cultural significance (cultural values e.g. historic, aesthetical, scientific, social)
( ) qualitative attributes and elements (e.g. form and design, materials and substance)
( ) quantitative indicators (e.g. number of cultural heritage assets, number of development projects)
( ) other                          ____________________________________________
  Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                 Heritage cities

4.8 The dimensions of cultural significance are…
( ) social values (identity)
Spiritual, emotional (individual and/or collective), allegorical values
( ) historic values (authenticity, collective memory)
Educational, historic-artistic, historic-conceptual, symbolic, archaeological
( ) aesthetical values (creativity)
Artistic, notable, conceptual, evidential values
( ) scientific values (innovation, knowhow)
Workmanship, technological, conceptual values
( ) age/historical values (patina)
Workmanship, maturity, existential values
( ) other                           ____________________________________________

4.9 The qualitative attributes and elements are…
( ) form and design                                  ( ) location and setting
( ) materials and substance                          ( ) language and other forms of intangible heritage
( ) use and function                                 ( ) spirit and feeling
( ) traditions, techniques and management systems
( ) other                        ____________________________________________

4.10 The quantitative indicators are…
____________________________________________

4.11 The following surveys take part of the risk assessment, being practiced by my local government.
( ) threats (potential and/or eminent)
( ) vulnerability (strengths and weaknesses)
( ) programme (needs of the organization/project managers)
( ) risk (impact and likelihood)
( ) other                         ____________________________________________

4.12 The threats are…
( ) conflict                                        ( ) management and financial constraints
( ) theft                                           ( ) changing uses
( ) development                                     ( ) natural disasters
( ) unsustainable tourism                           ( ) invasive species
( ) pollution                                       ( ) climate change
( ) other                       ____________________________________________

4.13 By Mitigation and risk management, my local government means managing…
( ) mitigation measures                             ( ) monitoring of the implementation
( ) implementation of the mitigation measures       ( ) documentation of the implementation
( ) other                        ____________________________________________

4.14 By Reporting, my local government means…
( ) a cultural significance assessment report
( ) part of a broader assessment report (e.g. environmental impact assessment, strategic environmental
assessment)
( ) both
  Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                 Heritage cities
4.15 My local government practices consultation with…
( ) national government                             ( ) field experts (consultants, academics)
( ) regional government                             ( ) other
( ) local community (citizens, associations)        ________________________________________

4.16 During reviewing, the retrieved feedback from the consultations is…
( ) always included, either when confirming or denying the report results
( ) only included when confirming the report results
( ) only included when denying the report results
( ) only included if considered relevant by the CSA team
( ) other                         ____________________________________________


4.17 Despite of the outcome, decision-making can opt not to follow the recommendations reported by
        the CSA team.
( ) true                                ( ) false                          ( ) I don’t know
4.18 There are other parameters than cultural significance influencing decision-making.
( ) true                               ( ) false                          ( ) I don’t know

4.19 The other parameters influencing decision-making are…
( ) economic values (profit, utility)
Use, non-use, entertainment, symbolic values
( ) political values (symbolism)
Educational, management, leisure, symbolic values
( ) ecological values (survival, harmony)
Spiritual, essential, existential values
( ) other                           ____________________________________________

4.20 By monitoring, my local government means monitoring the…
( ) implementation of the development          ( ) implementation of the documentation
proposals                                      processes
( ) implementation of the mitigation measures  ( ) other
( ) implementation of the monitoring processes ________________________________

4.21 Further comments
____________________________________________
    Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                   Heritage cities

5     A tool to assist cultural significance assessment practices

This set of questions allows us to recognize the tools/applications available to assist your local government
on cultural significance assessment practices, as well as, your wishes and needs for such a tool/application.

5.1 I already make use of a tool/application to assist my cultural significance assessment practices.
( ) true                                            ( ) false

5.2     This tool/application is...
5.2.1   Name                                                        ___________________________________
5.2.2   Producer                                                    ___________________________________
5.2.3   Date                                                        ___________________________________
5.2.4   Country                                                     ___________________________________

5.3 This tool/application is web-based.
( ) true                                                ( ) false

5.4 This tool/application can be found in the following website.
____________________________________________

5.5 This tool/application assists …of my cultural significance assessment practices.
( ) one stage                      ( ) varied stages                    ( ) all stages
5.6 The assisted stage(s) is/are...
____________________________________________

5.7     The following qualities are rated (from one to three stars) according to my needs and wishes. A
        new tool to assist cultural significant assessment practices should...
5.7.1 Non-content related                                  5.5.2 Content related
( ) be free of charge for the users                        ( ) be neutral / impartial
( ) reduce workload                                        ( ) include best practices
( ) reduce double work, done by different                  ( ) increase work reliability
actors/organizations                                       ( ) increase communication and sharing of
( ) require no local maintenance                           information
( ) be multilingual                                        ( ) increase cultural significance awareness
( ) be web-based (internet)                                ( ) enable comparison around the world
( ) require no training / be easily implemented            ( ) help mitigate the potential and/or eminent
( ) be independent from local resources                    threats
( ) be adaptable / flexible                                ( ) increase the quality and number of
                                                           development projects approved

5.8 Further, I also wish the new tool to assist cultural significance assessment practices would...
____________________________________________
    Inventory of the current practices to assess the cultural significance of World
                                   Heritage cities

Thank You!

Thank you for having contributed to this global inventory! Your answers are very important to us and for
enhancing the implementation of the World Heritage Convention.
Your contribution will only be handled globally and regionally i.e. UNESCO regions8, unless you allow
otherwise. Please, do inform us if you would also allow your contribution to be handled by researchers
focusing at national and local levels.
( ) national
( ) local
( ) both
( ) none

If you would like to stay in contact and receive the results of this global inventory, please do fill in your
reporting preference(s) and contact information. We will contact you, as soon as, they are ready!
( ) global                               ( ) regional                             ( ) national
( ) local                                ( ) none

Name                                ____________________________________________
E-mail                              ____________________________________________
Further Comments                    ____________________________________________
                                    ____________________________________________
                                    ____________________________________________
                                    ____________________________________________
                                    ____________________________________________
                                    ____________________________________________


Best regards,


Dr. Ana Pereira Roders
Assistant Professor
Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands

Dr. Ron van Oers
World Heritage Cities Programme Specialist
UNESCO World Heritage Centre, France
Deputy-Director
World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for the Asia-Pacific Region, China




8
 There are five UNESCO regions: Africa (AFR), Arab States (ARB), Asia and the Pacific (APA), Europe and North
America (EUR) and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

								
To top