US History Chapter 13 Study Guide 1. What does the 11th Amendment do? 2. What does the 12th Amendment do? 3. What does the 13th Amendment do? 4. What does the 14th Amendment do (4 things)? 5. What does the 15th Amendment do? 6. Under Lincoln’s plan what two things did a Confederate have to do to be pardoned? 7. Who was excluded from the pardons? 8. What percentage of a state’s voting population had to take an oath of loyalty? 9. What didn’t Lincoln’s plan ensure? 10. What was the Wade-Davis Bill about? 11. What eventually happened to the Wade-Davis Bill? 12. Where was Andrew Johnson from? 13. Who did he hate? 14. How many pardons did he grant? 15. Under Johnson’s plan what did states have to do to be readmitted to the Union? 16. What did the South think of Johnson’s plan? 17. What were the three black codes discussed in class? 18. What did the Military Reconstruction Act of 1876 do? 19. Who was excluded from that? 20. What two things does the Tenure of Office do? 21. Who will Johnson try to fire? 22. What happens to Johnson after he tries to do that? 23. What three loopholes does the South use to get around the 15th Amendment? 24. What three groups did the Republicans depend on in the South? 25. What are carpetbaggers? 26. What are scalawags? 27. What states had a majority of voting African Americans? 28. How many African Americans were part of state legislatures? 29. What percentage of them were illiterate? 30. What were the four Republican policies discussed in class? 31. How does debt peonage work? 32. How does sharecropping work? 33. How does tenant farming work? 34. When and where did the Ku Klux Klan form? 35. What was common in the KKK? 36. Why was there a division in the Republican Party in the election of 1872? 37. Republicans change their focus from ___________ to __________ after the division. 38. Who won the popular vote in 1876? 39. Who was the Republican candidate? 40. Who was the Democratic candidate? 41. What states had disputed electoral votes? 42. What was wrong with the commission formed by Congress? 43. What did the commission find? 44. What did the Compromise of 1877 do? 45. What did the Republicans switch their focus from and to after the Compromise of 1877? 46. What did the Civil War create a dependence on? 47. By 1873 what happened for the first time in US history? 48. What did politicians get for supporting railroad companies? 49. What was Credit Mobilier actually? 50. How did the Credit Mobilier scandal work? 51. Who did the Republicans begin to only help by the 1880s? 52. What did African Americans have very little of in the North? 53. Who helped to free the slaves more than any group? 54. What did women do during the Civil War? 55. What did over a 1,000 women do after the Civil War? 56. What was the main goal for women’s rights? 57. What states gave women the right to vote? 58. What year did that happen? 59. Why did each state do that? 60. What did farmers want the government to regulate? 61. What did factory workers want? 62. When does Reconstruction end? 63. Was it successful or a failure? 64. How long before African Americans get political and social equality?